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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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born at Cremona about 1550. He was sometimes caller!
CHIAVEGHINO, (ke-a-vi-gee'no.) Died after 1613.

Mainardi, (BASTIANO,) a painter of the Florentine
school, born in Tuscany, lived about 1500.

Mainardi, (LATTANZIO,) an Italian painter, born at
Bologna, lived about 1590. He wag employed by the
pope Sixtus V. to adorn with ftescos the church of Santa
Maria Maggiore. and the Vatican. Died at the age of
twenty-seven.

Maiiidrora, mau'dRoN', (ETIEXNE HIPPOLYTE,) a
French statuary, born in the department of Maine-et-
Loire in 1801 ; died in Paris, March 21, 1884.

Maine, man. (Sir HENRY JAMES SUMNER,) LL.D., an
English jurist. .'.:. He graduated with high

honours at Pembroke College. Cambridge, in 1844, and
was appointed a tutor of Trinity Hall. He was regius
professor of civil law at Cambridge I: . 1854,

was called to the bar in 1850, was law-member of the
government of India from 1862 to 1869, and in that time
effected great reforms, was proft- nice at

Oxford from 1870 to 1879, and in 1879 became master
of Trinity Hall, Cambric; j \vnrks are

"Roman Law and Legal Educal \ucient

Law: its Connection with i nf Society,"

(1861,) " Village Communit- " Lectures on the

Early History of Ins!.; ^7$,) " Dissertations on

Early Law and Custom," (1883,) etc. Died in 1888.

Maine, (LACROIX DC.) See LACROIX nu MAINE.

Maine de Biran, m&n deh be'roN'. (MARIE FRAN-
COIS PIERRE GONTHIER.) aa eminent French metaphy-



sician, born near Bergerac in 1766. After opposing the
excesses of the Revolution, he was deputed from Doi
dogne to the Council of Five Hundred in 1797. From
1809 to 1814 he was a member of the legislative body.
After the restoration of 1816 he was a moderate royalisl
member of the Chamber of Deputies. He gained in
i 1803 a prize of the Institute for his essay " On the Influ-
ence of Habit on the Faculty of Thought," (" De I'lnflu-
: ence de PHabitude sur la Faculte de Penser.") He also
! wrote the metaphysical part of the article " Leibnitz" in
the "Biographic Universelle," a "Memoir on the De-
composition of Thought," ("Sur la Decomposition de la
Pensee," 1805,) and several other works. M. V. Cousin
estimated him as the greatest metaphysician of Franc*
since Malebranche. Died in 1824.

See ERNEST NAVILLE, " Maine de Biran, sa Vie et ses Pense'es,"
1857; DAMIEON, "Essai sur 1'Histoire de la Philosophic en France
au dn-iieuvieme Siecle;" SAINTE-BEUVE, "Causeriesdu Lundi :"
COI'SIN, Preface to the " CEuvres philosophiques de Maine de
Eiron," 1841 ; " Nouvelie Biographic Generate ;" " British Quarterlf
Review" for October, 1866.

Maine, du, dii mm, (Louis AUGUSTE DE BOURBON,)
DUKE, the son of Louis XIV. and Madame de Montes-
pan, was born in 1670, and legitimated in 1673. He was
appointed general of the galleys in 1688, and grand
master of the artillery in 1694. The king recognized
him as a prince of the blood and capable of succeeding
to the throne. The duke appears to have displayed a
gentle and liberal spirit, with moderate literary talents.
Died in 1736.

See SAINT-SIMON, " Mimoires ;" LEMONTHV, " Histoire de ia
Re'gence;" MADAME DE SKVIGNE, "Lettres."

Mainfroi See MANFRED.

Maino, mi'no, (GiASONE,) an Italian jurist, born at
Pesaro in 1435. He w.is professor of law at Pavia from
1467 to 1486. After an absence he returned to Pavia in
1491. and lectured to large classes of Italian, French,
and German students. He published commentaries on
the Digest, three Latin orations, and " Consilia sive
Responsa." Died in 1519.

See KAHRONI, " Vitx Italorum doctrina excellentium. "

Maintenon, de, deh mlNt'n6N', (FRANCOIS D'Au-
RIGN&,) MARQUISE, a French lady, whose life wa
marked by romantic adventures and surprising vicissi-
tudes, was born in 1635, in the prison of Niort, (where
her father, Constant d'Auhigne, was detained.) Shew-as
a granddaughter of the eminent author T. A. d'Aubigne.
Having become a poor orphan, she was constrained
by her guardians to abjure Calvinism. To escape the
miseries of dependence on her unkind godmother, she
married in 1652 Scarron the burlesque poet and wit, who
was infirm and deformed in person. His house was a
fashionable resort of the most brilliant wits and noblesse
of Paris. He died in 1660, leaving her again destitute
of resources except her rare beauty and talents. Her
eyes are described as dark, intensely spiritual, and inex-
pressibly lustrous. She received a pension of 2000 livres
from the queen-mother for several years preceding the
death of the latter, in 1666.

About 1670 Madame Scarron was selected as govern-
ess of the Due du Maine, a son of Louis XIV. and
Madame <le Montespan. The king presented to her the
estate of Maintenon in 1674, after which she was called
Madame de Maintenon. She gradually gained a com-
plete ascendant over Louis, and was secretly married to
him in 1685. The marriage was never formally avowed
by him. " It would be hard to name any woman," says
Macaulay, " who, with so little romance in her temper,
has had so much in her life. ... A just understanding ;
an inexhaustible yet never redundant flow of rational,
sprightly conversation ; a temper of which the serenity
was never for a moment ruffled ; a tact which surpassed
the tact of her sex as much as the tact of her sex sur-
passes the tact of ours: such were the qualities which
made the widow of a buffoon first the confidential friend
and then the spouse of the proudest and most powerful
of European kings." Madame de Sevigne describes her
society as " truly delicious."

She laboured assiduously to convert the king to vital
religion. Louis transacted business with his ministers
in her apartment, discussed the most important ques-
tions in her presence, and often asked her advice in these



i, e, i, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, y, short; a, e, {, o, obscure; fir, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon:



MAINVIELLE



1631



MAISTRE



verms : " Qu'en pense votre Solidite ?" ("What does
your Solidity think about it ?") He was once dissuaded
by her from the cruel purpose of burning the city of
Treves. As the king grew old and fretful, her task of
entertaining him became very arduous. " I have seen
her," says Mile. d'Aumale, " divert the king by a thou-
sand inventions for four hours together, without repeti-
tion, yawning, or slander." She founded a good school
for girls at Saint-Cyr. She died in 1719. Her letters
and other works have been published by M. Lavallee, in
Idvols., (1854 ft stf.) This edition includes "Souvenirs
de Mme. de Caylus," and " Memoires de Mile. d'Au-
male."

See CARACCIOLI, " Vie de Madame de Maintenon," 17.%; MA-
DAMS SUARD. " Madame de Maintenon peinte par elle-mgnie," 1810 ;
MONMHRQUB, "Notice sur Madame de Maintenon," 1829; LA
BBAUMELLE, " Me"moires pour servir al'Histoire de Mme. de Main-
tenon." 1756 ; LE Due DK NOAILI.ES, " Histoire de Madame de
Maintenon," 4 vols., 1848-59: LAFONT D'AUSONNE, "Histoire de
Madame de Maintenon," 1814; VOLTAIRE, "Si&cle de Lnuis XIV;"
SAINTH-BEUV*, " Causeries du Lundi," tome iv. ; " Noitvelle Bin-
graphie Gtei^rale ;" W. H. D. ADAMS, " Famous Beauties and
Historic Women," vol. i., London, 1865; "Blackwood's Maza-
rine" for February, 1850 ; " Fraser's Magazine" for March, 1849;
*' Letter* of Madame de Maintenon," in the " Monthly Review" for
January, 1753.

Mainvielle, maN've'el', or Maiuville, miN'vtl',
(PIERRE,) a member of the French Convention of 1792,
was born at Avignon in 1765. He was executed with
the Girondists in October, 1793.

See LAMARTINK, "Histoire des Girondms."

Maiiizer, mlnt'ser, (JOSEPH,) a German musician and
writer on music, born at Treves in 1801 ; died in 1851.

Maio or Majo, da, da ma'yo, (FRANCESCO or Cic-
cio,) an excellent Italian composer of operas and sacred
music, born at Naples in 1745, (some say about 1740.)
Among his operas are "Montezuma," (1765,) and
"Ipermnestra," (1770.) Died at Rome in 1774.

See FETIS, " Biopraphie Universelle des Musiciens."

Maioli or Majoli, mi-yo'lee, (CESARE,) an Italian
naturalist, born at Forll in 1746. He obtained a chair
of philosophy at Rome in 1781. He wrote many works
on botany and zoology, the most of which remain in
manuscript. Died in 1823.

See FARINI, "Memorie sopra !a Vita del Majoli," 1824.

Maioli or Majoli, (SiMONE,) an Italian canonist
born at Asti in 1520; died about 1597.

Maioragio or Majoragio, ma-yo-ra'jo, [Lat. MA-
IORA'GIUS,] (MARCANTONIO,) an eloquent and learned
Italian writer, whose proper name was ANTONIO MARIA
CONTI, was born in the Milanese in 1514. At the age
of twenty-six he obtained the chair 01 eloquence at
Milan. He wrote a "Commentary on the Works of
Cicero," poems, harangues, and various other works.
Died in 1555.

Maiquez, ml-keth', (IsiDORO,) a popular Spanish
comedian, born at Carthagena about 1766. He intro-
duced at Madrid a more simple and natural style of
action, and was reputed the most excellent comedian
that Spain had produced. Died in 1820.

Mair, (JOHN.) See MAJOR, (JOHN.)

Mairaii, de, deh mi'roN', (JEAN JACQUES DORTOUS,)
a distinguished French savant and litterateur, born at
Beziers in 1678. About 1718 he removed to Paris, and
was elected to the Academy of Sciences, for which he
wrote many memoirs on geometry, physics, and other
sciences. He published a " Dissertation on Ice," (" Dis-
sertation sur la Glace,") " Letters on China," and other
works. In 1740 he succeeded Fontenelle as secretary
to the Academy of Sciences, and in 1743 was elected to
the French Academy. He was intimate with Voltaire.
Died in 1771.

See VILLEMAIN, "Tableau de la Litte"rature Francaise au dix-
huitieme Siecle ;" VOLTAIRE, " Correspondance G^ne"rale;" SABA-
THISR. " Eloge de Mairan," 1841 ; GRANDJEAN DE FOUCHV, " filoge
de Mairan," 1771 ; " Nouvelle Biographic G^nerale."

Mairault, de, deh mi'ro', (ADRIEN MAURICE,) a
French critic, born in Paris in 1708. He aided Desfon-
taines in his critical works. Died in 1746.

Maire, Le. See LEMAIRE.

Mairet, tni'ri', (JEAN,) a French dramatic poet, born
at Besan9on in 1604. In 1629 he produced his principal
work, " Sophonisba," a tragedy, which was very suc-



7. Among his works is the " Ohservatcur Anglais,'-
;ols., 1778,) reprinted under the title of "Espion



cessful, and formed an epoch in the annals of the French
theatre, being the first in which the rule of unities was
observed. He wrote many other tragedies and come-
dies. Died in 1686.

See LA HAVPR, "Cours de la Litte"r.itnre :" GUIZOT, " Omeille
et Ron Temps;" FUNTENELLE, "Vie de Corneille."

Mairobert, de, deh mi'ro'baip.', (MATHIF.U FRAM-
Cois PIDANSAT,) a French writer, born in Champagne in
1707.
(4 vols.,
Anglais," ("English Spy.") Died in 1779.

Maironi da Ponte, mi-ro'nee da pon'ta, (Gio-
VANNI,) an Italian naturalist and writer, born at Be>-
gamo in 1748; died in 1833.

Maiseaux, Des. See DESMAISEAUX.

Maison, mi'z6N', (NICOLAS JOSEPH,) COUNT, a mar-
shal of France, was born at Epinay, near Paris, in 1771-
He distinguished himself at Jemmapes in 1792. In 1799
he became adjutant-general or chief of the staff in the
army of Bernadotte. For his services at Austerlitz, in
1805, he was made a general of brigade. He took part
in the Russian campaign of 1812, during which he ob-
tained the rank of general of division. In 1814 he
received from Louis XVIII. the title of peer and the
command of the army of Paris. He refused to recog-
nize Bonaparte on his return from Elba. He commanded
the expedition against the Turks of the Morea in 1828,
and on his return received a marshal's baton. He was
sent as ambassador to Vienna in 1830, and became min-
ister of war in 1835. Died in 1840.

See THIERS, " Histoire de la Re'publique, du Consulat et de
1'Empire ;" MAZMONT, " Memoires ;" VICTOR DE BROGLIE, " loge
historique du Mare"chal Maison, " 1842 ; " Nouvelle Biographic G4n^-
rale."

Maisonfort, de la, deh IS m|'z6N'foR', (Louis Du-
BOIS DESCOURS,) MARQUIS, a French biographer, born
in Berry in 1763, was a royalist. He published a bio-
graphical Dictionary of those who figured in the French
Revolution, (3 vols., 1800.) Died in 1827.

Maisonneuve, m4'z6'nuv', (JULES GERMAIN FRAN-
COIS,) a French surgeon, born at Nantes in 1810. He
took his degree of doctor at Paris in 1835, and acquired
an extended fame by the boldness and brilliancy of his
surgical operations. He published many papers and
minor works on surgery and its methods.

Maisonneuve, de, deh mi'zo'nuv', (Louis JEAN
BAPTISTF,) a French dramatic poet, born at Saint-Cloud
about 1745. His tragedy of " Roxelane et Mustapha"
(1785) had a prodigious success. He produced, also,
" Odmar and Zulma," (1788.) Died in 1819.

Maissiat, m^'se'S', (MICHEL,) a French topographical
engineer, born at Nantua in 1770. He published several
professional works. Died in 1822.

Maistral, mi'tRfl', (ESPRIT TRANQUILLE,) a French
naval officer, born at Quimper in 1763 ; died in 1815.

Maistre. See SACY.

Maistre, (ISAAC.) See LEMAISTRE.

Maistre, de, deh mJtR, (JOSEPH MARIE,) COUNT, an
eminent political writer and philosopher, was born at
Chambery, in Savoy, in 1754. He was a warm oppo-
nent of the French Revolution, and attached to the
ultramontane school of theology. In 1796 he published
"Considerations on France," which obtained great suc-
cess. He was appointed by the King of Sardinia grand
chancellor in 1799. From 1802 to 1816 he was ambas-
sador to Saint Petersburg, and, on his return to Turin
in 1817, became minister of state. His most important
work is entitled " On the Pope," (" Du Pape," 1819,) an
argument for the cause of popery and absolutism. Died
in 1821. He was distinguished as an original thinker.

See RAYMOND, " Eloge du Comte J. M. de Maistre," 1827 ; VIL-
LEMAIN, " Cours de LitteVature Francaise au dix-huitieme Siecle "
VILLENEUVE-ARIFAT, " filoge du Comte J. de Maistre," 1853:
SAINTS-BEUVB, "Causeries du Lundi," and "Portraits contempo-
rains;" "Nouvelle Biographie GeneVale ;" "Edinburgh Review"
for October, 1852 ; "Eraser's Magazine" for April, 1849-

Maistre, de, (XAVIER,) a popular and witty author,
a brothr.r of the preceding, was born at Chambery
in 1764, He entered the Russian service about 1800,
fought against the Persians, and obtained the rank of
major-general. In 1794 he produced (in French) his in-
genious and humorous "Journey around my Chamber,"



; g hard; g as/; G, H, ^guttural; fi,tiastl; R,triilfii: sast.-th as in this.



Explanations, p.



MAITANI



1632



MAJOR



("Voyage autour de ma Chambre.") He maintained
his reputation as an elegant writer by tales entitled
" Prisoners of the Caucasus," and " Prascovie, ou la
jeune Sibe>ienne." After 1817 he lived alternately in
France and Saint Petersburg. Died in 1852.

See SAINTE-BEUVK, " Poitraits contemporains ;" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphie Ge'ne'rale."

Maitani, mi-ti'nee, (LORENZO,) an Italian architect
born at Sienna about 1240; died after 1310.

Mait/land, (Sir FREDERICK LEWIS,) a British naval
officer, born in Scotland in 1779. As captain, he served
with distinction against the French on the coast of Egypt
In 1801. In 1815 he was ordered to keep watch on the
coast of France in order to prevent the escape of Na-
poleon, who surrendered himself to Captain Maitland in
July and was conveyed by him in the Bellerophon to
England. He obtained the rank of rear-admiral. Died
in 1839.

Maitland, (JAMES.) See LAUDERDALE, EARL OF.

Maitland, (JOHN.) See LAUDERDALE, DUKE OF.

Maitland, (JOHN,) of Thirlestane, first Lord Mait-
land, an eminent Scottish statesman, born about 1540,
was the second son of Sir Richard Maitland, noticed
below, and grandfather of the Duke of Lauderdale. He
was appointed keeper of the privy seal in 1567. For his
loyalty to Queen Mary he was proscribed by the domi-
nant party about 1570 and imprisoned several years. In
1584 he was made secretary of state, and became in fact
the chief minister of James VI. He was appointed chan-
cellor of Scotland in 1586 or 1587, and created Baron
Maitland in 1590. He is praised for his moderation and
integrity as well as for his talents. Several of his Latin
epigrams have been published. Died in 1595.

See MACKENZIE, "Scotch Writers;" LODGE, "Lives of Eminent
Personages."

Maitland, (Sir RICHARD,) of Lethington, a Scottish
writer and judge, born in 1496, was the father of Sir Wil-
liam Maitland, noticed below, and of John, first Lord
Maitland. He studied law in France, and held several
high offices. About 1550 he was chosen a lord of session,
and in 1562 lord privy seal. He acquired distinction
as a poet and collector of Scottish poetry. One of his
poems is entitled " Creation and Paradise Lost." Died
in 1586.

See IRVINE, " Lives of the Scottish Poets;" MACKENZIE, " Scotch
Writers;" CHAMBERS, "Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scots-
men."

Maitland, (Rev. SAMUEL ROFFEY,) D.D., F.R.S., an
able English essayist and writer on ecclesiastical history,
etc., was born in London in 1792. He was librarian to
the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1837 to 1848. He
was author of numerous essays on theology, morals, etc.
Among his principal and most popular works is "The
Dark Ages : being a Series of Essays intended to Illus-
trate the State of Religion and Literature in the Ninth,
Tenth, Eleventh, and Twelfth Centuries," (1844.) He
aims to prove that those ages were not so dark as they
are commonly represented. Died in 1866.

Maitland, (Sir WILLIAM,) of Lethington, Lithington,
or Lidington, an able Scottish minister of state, was
the eldest son of Sir Richard, noticed above. In 1558
he became principal secretary to Mary of Guise, queen-
regent ; but in 1559 he joined the Protestant chiefs who
had taken arms against her. He was restored to the
office of secretary of state by Mary Queen of Scots in
1561. Though not a Catholic, he enjoyed the favour and
confidence of the queen, who sent him on several em-
bassies to Queen Elizabeth. After Mary was imprisoned,
(1567,) he adhered to her cause, and united with the
Duke of Norfolk in an effort to save her. Having failed
in an attempt to mediate between the two hostile parties,
in 1570 he declared openly for the queen. His enemy,
Regent Morton, took him prisoner, and would probably
have hung him if Maitland had not died soon after, as
some suppose, by his own hand, in 1573. "All the con-
temporary writers." says Robertson, "mention him with
an admiration which nothing could have excited but the
greatest superiority of penetration and abilities." " His
name," says Burton, " was a by-word for subtlety and
state-craft. Yet, ... if we look at his life and doings,
we do not find he was one of those who have left the



mark of their influence upon their age. . . . He had
great abilities, but they were rather those of the wit and
rhetorician than of the practical man." ("History of
Scotland," vol. iv. pp. 55-57.) Hume styles Maitland
"Secretary Lidington." Queen Elizabeth called him
"the flower of the wits of Scotland."

See FROUDE, "Reign of Elizabeth," faiiim, but particularly
chaps, six and xxiii. ; HUME, " History of England ;" ROBERTSCW.
" History of Scotland."

Maitland, (WILLIAM,) a Scottish antiquary, bom at
Brechin about 1693. He became a resident of London,
and was chosen a Fellow of the Royal Society. He
published a " History of London," (1739,) and a "Ht
tory of Edinburgh." Died in 1757.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen

Maittaire, mJ'tSR', (MICHEL,) an eminent scholar
and bibliographer, born in France in 1668, was the son
of Protestant parents, who emigrated to England when
the edict of Nantes was revoked, (1685.) He was a
good classical scholar, and edited many Greek and Latin
authors. He resided many years in London. Among
his most important productions are " Dialects of the
Greek Language," (1706,) and "Typographic Annals
from the Invention of Printing to 1557," ("Annales Ty-
pographic! ab Artis InvenUe Origine ad Annum 1557,"
9 vols., 1719-41,) a work of great research, and superior
to any that had appeared on that subject. Died in 1747.

See DIBDIN, "Bibliomania;" P. CHASLES, "Dissertation on th
Life and Works of M Maittaire," London, 1819.

Maitz de Goimpy, du, dii mits deh gwaN'pe', (FRAN-
COIS Louis EDME GABRIEL,) COUNT, a French astrono-
mer and naval officer, born in Beauce in 1729 ; died aftei
1784.

Mains. See MAY.

Maizeroy, de, deh m4z'rwa', (PAUL GKDON JOLY,)
a French officer and eminent tactician, was born at Mett
in 1719. He served several campaigns, ending at the
peace of 1763, and became lieutenant-colonel. He wrote
numerous works on tactics and military science, which
had a transient success, but are now obsolete. Died in
1780.

Maizieres, de, deh mi'ze-aiR', (PHILIPPE,) a French
writer, born in the diocese of Amiens in 1312. He insti-
gated the Kings of France and of Cyprus to conduct t
crusade against the Saracens of Egypt in 1365. He
wrote an allegory, "Le Songe du vieil Pelerin," etc.
Died in 1405.

Majano. See MAIANO.

Majlath. See MAILATH.

Majo. See MAIO.

Mujoli See MAIOLI.

Major, ma'yoR, or Meier, ml'er, (GEORG,) a German
Lutheran theologian, born at Nuremberg in 1502. He
studied under Luther and Melanchthon at Wittenberg,
where he was afterwards professor of theology for many
years. He published commentaries on the New Testa-
ment, and many theological works. Died in 1574.

See C. ULENBERG, "Vita et Res gesLe M. Lutheri, P. Melanch-
thonis et G. Majoris," 1622.

Major, (ISAAC,) a German painter and engraver,
born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1576. He engraved
a number of large landscapes representing scenes in
the mountains of Bohemia. Died in 1630.

Major, (JOHANN DANIEL,) a German physician and
antiquary, born at Breslau in 1634. He practised with
success at Hamburg. In 1665 he obtained the chair of
medicine at Kiel, where he planted a botanic garden.
He wrote, in Latin, many learned professional treatises.
Died in 1693.

Ma'jpr, (JOHN,) written also Malr, a Scottish his-
torian and theologian, born near North Berwick about
1470. He passed a number of years in Paris as a stu-
dent and then as a professor of scholastic philosophy.
In 1519 he returned to Scotland, and some years later
became professor of theology at Saint Andrew's, where
George Buchanan and John Knox were his pupils. He
wrote, (in Latin,) besides other works, " Commentaries
on the Four Books of Sentences," and a " History of
Scotland." Died about 1550. Robertson calls him a
"succinct and dry writer."



a, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 5, u, J, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; nfll; good; m65n;



MAJOR



MALAN



M'S'jor, (RICHARD HENRY,) an English antiquary,
born m London in 1818. He edited several works on
geographical exploration, and wrote a " Life of Prince
Henry the Navigator," (1868.) Died June 25, 1891.

Major, (THOMAS,) a skilful English engraver, born
about 1715. He engraved landscapes after Berghem,
Teniers,' Claude Lorrain, etc. Among his most ad-
mired works are twenty-four views of the Ruins of
Passtum, after J. B. Borra, published at London, (1768.)
Died in 1770.

Majoragio. See MAIORAGIO.

Majoragius. See MAIORAGIO.

Majorano, (GAETANO.) See GAFFARELLI.

Ma-jo'rI-an, [Lat. MAJORIA'NUS; Fr. MAJORIF.X,
mi'zho're^N',] (Juuus VALERIUS,) a Roman general,
who succeeded Avitus as Emperor of the West in 457
A.D. He defeated Theodoric the Visigoth in Gaul in 459,
and afterwards waged war against Genseric. He was
deposed and put to death by Ricimer in 461.

Majorien. See MAJORJAN.

Majus, ml'yus, (HEINRICH,) a German natural philos-
opher, born at Cassel in 1632 ; died in 1696.

Majus, (JoHANN BURKHARD,) a German historian,
born at Pforzheim in 1652. He wrote " De Rebus
Badensibus," (1678,) and other works. Died in 1726.

Majus or Malus, (JoHANN HEINRICH,) an Oriental-
ist, brother of the preceding, was born in 1653. He wrote
on theology and Hebrew antiquities. Died in 1719.

Makart, ma'kaRt', (HANS,) a celebrated Austrian
painter, born at Salzburg, May 28, 1840. He began to
learn engraving in his youth, but, turning his attention to
painting, became a pupil of Piloty, at Munich. His first
picture was a "Sleeping Horseman embraced by a
Nymph," (1866,) which was soon followed by "Modern
Flirtations," a painting which established his fame.
Among his later works are "Leda and the Swan," "The
Plague of Florence," "The Seven Capital Sins, ""Entry
of Charles V. into Antwerp," (1878,) etc. Died at
Vienna, October 3, 1884.

Makeblyde, ma'keh-bli'deh, (Louis,) a Flemish
religious writer, born at Poperingue in 1564; died in
1630.

Makkaree, Makkarl, or Makkary, Al, tl mak'-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 119 of 425)