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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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ka-ree, (AHMED-lBN-MoHAMMED,aH'md ib'n ir.u-hirr/-
med,) an Arabian historian, born at Tlemcen about
1585. He became a resident of Cairo about 1620, and
wrote numerous historical and theological works, the
most important of which is a valuable " History of Spain
during the Domination of the Moors," which was trans-
lated into English by Pascual de Gayangos, under the
title of a "History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in
Spain," (2 vols., 1843.) Died in 1631.

See " Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Mako, mok'ko, (PAUL,) a learned Hungarian Jesuit,
born in 1 723. He wrote on geometry, physical science,
etc. Died in 1793.

Makouski. See MAKOWSKI.

Makowskt, ml-kov'skee, written also Makouski,
[Lat. MACCO'VIUS,] (JoHNj a Polish Protestant divine,
born at Lobzenick in 1588. He was noted for disputa-
tiousness and fondness for scholastic subtleties. Died
in 1644.

See JOHANN COCCEJI, "Oratio in Funere J. Maccovii," 1644.

Makreezee or Makrizi, Al, tl ma-kRee'zee, sur-
EDDfN,) tak'yed-deen', (i.e. the " Support of Religion,") a
celebrated Arabic writer, born at Cairo about 1360. He
held several civil and religious offices in his native city.
He wrote many historical works, which attest the variety
and extent of his knowledge. His "Historical and Topo-
graphical Description of Egypt" gives an ample account
of the events which occurred after the conquest of the
Saracens, and of the customs and antiquities of that
country. He also wrote a "History of Saladin and
his Successors," and a treatise on Moslem Coins. The
above-named works have been translated into French
by Silvestre de Sacy. Al Makreezee has the reputa-
tion of being, on the whole, an impartial, trustworthy,
and eminently judicious writer. Died in 1442.

See SILVHSTRB DE SACY, " Chrestomalliie Arabe.

Makrizi. See MAKREEZEE.

Malaba'ri, (BEHRAMJI MERWAUGI,) a Hindoo
poet and reformer, born at Baroda in 1853. His
poems are in the native and the English tongues, and
are highly esteemed. He has also written largely on
political and moral questions, and is the leading social
reformer in India. He has made an earnest crusade
against infant marriages and enforced widowhood in

Malabranca, ma-la-bRan'ka, (LATINO,) an Italian
Dominican, called also Frangipani, was a nephew of
Pope Nicholas III. He was made Bishop of Ostia and
Velletri in 1278. His diplomatic talents were employed
and approved by several successive popes. Died about
1294. The celebrated hymn "Dies Irs" is attributed
to him by many writers.

Malacarne, ma la-kaR'ni, (MiCHELE VINCENZO,) an
Italian surgeon, born at Saluzzo in 1 744. He contributed
by his works to the progress of science in Italy. I le was
professor of surgery at Padua from 1794 until his death,
m 1816. Among his works is a treatise on Encepha-

Mal'a-ehi, [Heb. '3KTO,] the last of the minor He-
brew prophets, is supposed to have prophesied about
420 B.C. Nothing is positively known of his history.
The name signifies " angel," or " messenger of the Lord.'"
The book of Malachi is the last book of the Old Testa-
ment, in the order of time as well as of position.

Malachowski, ina-la-Kov'skee, (CASIMIR,) a Polish
general, born in 1765. He had the chief command at
Warsaw when that place was taken by the Russians in
1831. Died in 1845.

Malachy (mal'a-ki) H., or Maelsechlainn, a king of
Ireland, the last of the Hui Neill dynasty who was un-
disputed over-king of the whole island. He gained the
throne in 980, and soon after won a great battle at Tara
over the Danes of Dublin, Man, and the Isles. In 989 he
took Dublin. He had, in later years, continual warfare
with Danes and Irish vassals alike, and in 1001 submitted
to Brian Boroihme.

Malachy, SAINT, (in Irish, MAELMAEDOG.UA MOR-
GAIR,) also called Imar Malachy, an Irish archbishop,
born at Armagh about 1095, of a noble race. He
became about 1127 Bishop of. Connor and Dromore,
where he did much to introduce the Roman obedience.
In 1129 he was promoted to be Archbishop of Armagh,
but actually held that see only from 1134 to 1137,
when he took the bishopric of Down. While at Rome
in 1 139 he was made papal legate a latcre, with authority
to visit and reform the Irish Church. In 1148 he con-
vened a national council at Inis Phatlrig, and in the same
year went to meet the pope at Clairvaux, where he
died, in the arms of Saint Bernard, November 2, 1148.
The celebrated " Prophecy of Saint Malachy regarding
the Lives of Future Pontiffs" was not written by him.

Malagrida, ma-la-gRee'dl, (GABRIELE,) an Italian
Jesuit, born in the Milanese in 1689. He removed to
Portugal, became a popular preacher, and wrote several
works. He was suspected of complicity in the attempt
to assassinate the King of Portugal, (1758,) and was
convicted of heresy, for which he'was burned in 1761.

Malaguti, ma-13-goo'tee, (FRANCOIS,) a distinguished
chemist, born at Bologna in 1802. Having settled in
France, he studied in the laboratory of Gay-Lussac, and
became in 1850 professor of chemistry at Rennes. He
published several valuable works, among which is " Les-
sons of Agricultural Chemistry." Died April 25, 1878.

Malaine, mS'lJn', (JOSEPH LAURENT,) a French
painter of flowers, born at Tournai in 1745; died in
Paris in 1809.

Mal'a-la, Mal'e-la, or Mal'e-las, [Gr. MoJ^la or
Ma/lEAa,J ca'lled also JOHN OF ANTIOCH, was the author
of a Greek chronicle which extends from the creation
to the year 566 A.D. It was first printed by Chilmead,
at Oxford, in 1691. The time and place of his birth and
death are not known. He was, perhaps, the same as
John of Antioch the Scholastic.

See CAVE, " Historia Litemria."

Malan, (SOLOMON CAESAR,) D.D., a Swiss-English
clergyman and linguist, born at Geneva in 1812, was

aai; 9 as s; g hartl; g as ;'; G, H, Yi, guttural; N, <ua/; R, trilled; sasz; th as in this. (J=See Explanations, p. 23.)




educated in England, graduating at St. Edmund Hall,
Oxford, in 1837. He went to Calcutta and became a
professor in Bishop's College, but returned to Oxford,
took priest's orders in the English Church, and attained
various preferments, being a prebendary of Sarum from
1871 to 1875. He published a vast number of transla-
tions from Oriental languages, (Chinese, Armenian,
Georgian, Coptic, Geez, Russian, Japanese, etc.,) very
often of works of much interest in connection with litur-
gical and doctrinal questions. He was also gifted as an
artist, musician, and naturalist. He is said to have con-
versed fluently in twenty-five languages and to have been
able to translate over one hundred. For awhile he ranked
as the greatest living polyglot scholar, but was subse-
quently rivalled by Leitner in this regard. Died in 1894.

Malapert, mi'U'paiR', (CHARLFS,) a Flemish poet
and geometer, born at Mons in 1581. He became a
Jesuit, and a professor of mathematics in various col-
leges. He published Latin poems, and several works
on geometry. Died in Spain about 1630.

Malarme, de, deh mJ'la'Rm', (CHARLOTTE,) COUNT-
Ess, a novelist, born at Metz, France, in 1753, was a
sister of Count de Bournon, the mineralogist. She
wrote "Niralba," (1800,) and other novels. Died about

Malaspina, ma-11-spee'na, (RlCORDANO,) the earliest
historian of Florence, was born in that city in the thir-
teenth century. He wrote a "History of Florence from
its Origin to the Year 1281."

See TiRABOscHi. "Sloria della Letteratura Italiana."

Malaspuia di Sannazaro, mj-ll-spee'na de sin-
nad-zl'ro, (Luici,) MARQUIS, an Italian writer and politi-
cal economist, born at Pa via in 1754. He founded a
school of fine arts in his native city. Died in 1834.

Malatesta, ma-ld-ieVta, a noble Italian family, which
acquired the lordship of Rimini in the thirteenth cen-
tury, and furnished several leaders of the Guelph party.
Pandolfe I., began to reign over Rimini in 1335. They
had a great military reputation, and next to the Visconti
were perhaps the most powerful princes of Italy. The
former died in 1364, and Galeotto in 1385, leaving two
sons, CARLO and PANDOLFO III. These two became
able generals, and commanded the army of Visconti,
Duke of Milan, from 1393 to 1408. Carlo, who was
Lord of Rimiii, died without issue in 1429. The de-
scendants of Pandolfo III. possessed Rimini until 1528,
when it was added to the papal dominions.

Malatesta, (BATTISTA,) an Italian lady of eminent
talents, was married in 1405 to Galeotto Malatesta,
Seigneur of Pesaro. She taught philosophy in public,
made Latin orations before the emperor and pope, and
wrote some admired verses.

Malaval, ma'la'vSl', (FRANQOIS.) a French mystic,
born at Marseilles in 1627, became blind in infancy,
but studied Latin with success. He published, besides
several prose works of a mystical character, " Poesies
spirituelles," ("Spiritual Poems.") Died in 1719.

Mai-bone', (EDWARD G., ) an American portrait-
painter, born at Newport, Rhode Island, in 1 777. He
visited Europe in 1801 in company with Washington
Allston, but returned the same year to America, where
he soon acquired a high reputation in his art. Died
in 1807.

See DUNLAP, " History of the Arts of Design in America," vol.
ii. chap. ii. : TUCKERMAN, " Book of the Artists."

Mal'ehua [Gr. Mu?..vor] OF PHILADELPH[A, called
THE SOPHIST, a Byzantine historian, lived about 600
A.D. Fragments of his works are extant.

See CAVE, " Historia Litcraria."

Malchus, you, fon mJl'Kus, (KARL AUGUST,) BARON,
a German writer, born at Mannheim in 1770, was ap-
pointed minister of the interior in the kingdom of West-
phalia in 1813. He published several works on political
economy. Died in 1840.

Malcolm (mal'kom) I., King of Scots, the son of
Donald IV., succeeded his cousin, Constantine III., in
938 A. p. He was killed by some of his own subjects who
har! revolted ; but the date of this event is not known.

Malcolm U., King of Scotland, was the son of Ken-
neth III. He began to reign in 1003, and resisted seve-

ral hostile incursions of the Danes with success. He
died in 1033, leaving two daughters, one of whom was
the mother of Duncan I.

Malcolm ILL, surnamed CANMORE, (" Great Head,")
was the son of King Duncan, whose virtues and tragical
fate are commemorated in Shakspeare's "Macbeth."
When Duncan was killed, in 1040, Malcolm escaped to
England. (See MACBETH.) He returned with an army,
defeated Macbeth, and ascended the throne in 1057.
About logo a war commenced between William II. of
England and Malcolm, who was killed in battle at Aln-
wick Castle in 1093. His sons Alexander and David
became kings.

See BURTON, " History of Scotland," vol. i. chap. ri.

Malcolm IV., King of Scotland, was born about
1140, and succeeded his grandfather, David I., in 1153.
He made peace with Henry II. of England by ceding
to him Northumberland. He died in 1165, and was
succeeded by his brother William.

See BURTON, " History of Scotland," vol. ii. chaps, xiii., xjv. ;
BUCHANAN, " Rerum Scoiicarum Historia."

Malcolm, mil'kom, ([AMES PELLER.) an engraver
and antiquary, born in Philadelphia about 1768. He
visited Europe in his youth, and became a student in
the Royal Academy ot London. He published " Lon-
dinum Redivivum ; or, The Ancient History and Modern
Description of London," (1802-05,) "Seventy Views
taken within the Compass of Twelve Miles round Lon-
don," (iSn,) and other works. Died in 1815.

Malcolm, maKkprn, (Sir JOHN,) G.C.B., a British
general and eminent historian, born in Dumfriesshire,
Scotland, in 1769. In his youth he went to India as a
cadet in the army of the Company. After performing
an important political mission to Persia, (1799,) he was
appointed to the presidency of Mysore in 1803. He
was minister-plenipotentiary to the court of Persia in
1809 and 1810. Having collected information respect-
ing Persia, he went to England in 1812, and published
a valuable "History of Persia" (1815) from the earliest
times to the date of publication. He returned to India
in lSf7, obtained the rank of brigadier-general, and, as
second in command, distinguished himself at the battle
of Mehidpoor, where Holkar was defeated. For several
ensuing years he governed Malwa and the adjacent
provinces in a manner which is highly commended. He
returned to England in 1821, with the rank of major-
general, was appointed Governor of Bombay in 1827,
and resigned that post about the end of 1830. Sir John
published, besides other works, a "Political History of
India," (from 1784 to 1823,) and left a "Life of Lord
Clive," which appeared in 1836. lie was a brother of
Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm. Died in 1833.

See J. W. KAYE, " Life and Correspondence of Sir John Mal-
colm," 2 vols , 1856: "Quarterly Review" for April, 1816. and July,
1823 ; " Edinburgh Review" for Juiy, 1812, and April, 1857 ; " Nou-
vetle Biographic Ge"ne>ale;" CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary
of Eminent Scotsmen."

Malcolm, (Sir PULTENEY,) G.C.B., a British admiral,
born near Langholm, Scotland, in 1768, was a brother of
the preceding. He entered the navy in 1778, fought
against the French in the West Indies, and was made
a post-captain in 1794. He escorted the army of Sir
Arthur Wellesley to Portugal in 1808, and obtained the
rank of rear-admiral in 1813. In 1816 and 1817 he was
commander-in-chief of the Saint Helena station, where
his duty called him into intercourse with Bonaparte, who
expressed himself much pleased with his manners and
conduct. lie was promoted to the rank of full admiral
in 1837. Died in 1838.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen,"

Mal'cpm, (HOWARD,) D.D., a Baptist divine, born
in Philadelphia in 1799, was one of the founders of the
American Tract Society and of the American Sunday-
School Union. In 1835 he visited India and China, and
on his return published " Travels in South-Eastern Asia,"
(1839) He published a "Dictionary of the Bible,"
which had an extensive circulation, and other religious
works. Died March 25, 1879.

Malczewski, mal-chcv'skee, written also Mai-
czeski, (A.NTONi,) an excellent Polish poet, born in Vol.

a, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, ii, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mil; nflt; good; nioun:




hynia about 1792, was a son of a in the Russian
service. He received a French education, and entered
the army in 1811. Having quitted the army in 1816, he
travelled for some years, and is said to have been the
first Pole that ascended Mont Blanc. His reputation is
founded on a single poem, entitled "Maria; a Tale of
the Ukraine," (Warsaw, 1826,) which is one of the most
popular poems in the Polish language. He died poor at
Warsaw in 1826.

See BIELOWSKI, "A. Malczewski," etc., 1843.

Maldachini - Famfili, mal-di-kee'nee pam-feelee,
(Donna OLIMPIA,) an Italian woman, noted for her am-
bition, vices, and political influence, was born at Viterbo
in 1594. She was married to a man whose brother, J. B.
Pamfili, was elected pope in 1644 and assumed the title
of Innocent X. Died in 1656.

Mal'den, (HENRY,) an English writer, bom about
1800, graduated at Cambridge in 1822. He became
professor of Greek in University College, London, about
1830. Died July 4, 1876.

Maldonado, mal-do-na'Do, (LorEZ,) a Spanish poet
of the sixteenth century, was contemporary with Cer-
vantes, who mentions him with eulogy.

See LONGFELLOW, '* Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Maldonado, (LORENZO FERRER,) a navigator, who
was born probably in Spain. He wrote a narrative of a
voyage which he made, or pretended to have made, from
the Atlantic to the Pacific through Behring Strait in 1588.
The majority of geographers have discredited his story.

See F. DE NAVARRBTE, " Historia de la Nautica."

Maldonat, mal-do-nit', [Lat. MALDONA'TUS,](JUAN,)
a celebrated Spanish theologian, born in Estremadura
in 1534. Having entered the order of Jesuits, he went
to Paris about 1564, and and acquired a high reputation
as a professor of theology. He is said to have been a
person of great talents, learning, and piety, and to have
written Latin with much purity. He wrote, besides
other works, "Commentaries on the Four Evangelists,"
(1596,) which, says Hallam, "have been highly praised
by theologians of the Protestant side." Died in 1583.

See PRAT, "Maldonat et 1'Universii^ de Paris." 1857: BAYLB,
** Historical and Critical Dictionary ;" NIC^RON, " Memoires."

Maldonatus. See MALDONAT.

Malebranche, mSI'bR6Nsh',[Lat MALEBRAN'CHHTO]
(NICOLAS,) a French metaphysical philosopher of great
eminence, was bom in Paris on the 6th of August, 1638.
H is habits in youth were retired and studious. He became
a priest of the Oratory in 1660, and was a zealous Carte-
sian in philosophy, which was his favourite study. In 1674
he produced the first volume of his admirable and original
"Search for Truth," (" Recherche de la VeriteV 1 ) which
was quickly and highly appreciated. New and enlarged
editions of it rapidly followed. The general design of
this work is to demonstrate the harmony of the Cartesian
philosophy with revealed religion. His style is eminently
pure, perspicuous, and elegant, having, says Fontenelle,
"all the dignity which the subject requires, and all the
grace or ornament which it could properly receive."
"He was," says Hallam, "a warm and almost enthusi-
astic admirer of Descartes, but hi? mind was independent,
searching, and fond of its own inventions ; he acknow-
ledged no master, and in some points dissents from the
Cartesian school. . . . The fame of Malebranche, and,
still more, the popularity in modern times of his ' Search
for Truth,' have been affected by that peculiar hypothe-
sis, so mystically expressed, the seeing all things in God,
which has been more remembered than any other part
of that treatise." " He bears a striking resemblance,"
adds the same critic, " to his great contemporary Pascal.
Both of ardent minds, endowed with strong imagination
and lively wit, sarcastic, severe, fearless, disdainful of
popular opinion and accredited reputations. . . . But
in Malebranche there is a less overpowering sense of
religion ; his eye roams unblenched in the light before
which that of Pascal had been veiled in awe. He has
less energy, but more copiousness and variety." (" Intro-
duction to the Literature of Europe.") "This ingenious
philosopher and beautiful writer," says Mackintosh, "is
the only celebrated Cartesian who has professedly
handled the Theory of Morals. . . . The manner in

which he applied his principles to the particulars of
human duty is excellent. He is perhaps the first phi-
losopher who has precisely laid down, and rigidly ad-
hered to, the great principle that virtue consists in pure
intentions and dispositions of mind, without which actions,
however conformable to rules, are not truly moral." He
was involved in a long and intemperate controversy with
Arnauld on the theory of ideas and on the doctrine of

In 1687 he combined all the parts of his system, and
developed them more fully, in "Conversations on Meta-
physics and Religion," (" Entretiens sur la Metaphysique
et la Religion.") He was author of other religious and
mystical works, among which are "Christian and Meta-
physical Meditations," (1683,) and a "Treatise on Mo-
rality," ("Traite" de Morale," 1684.) He gave proof of
his profound attainments as a geometer by a "Treatise
on the Communication of Motion." Died at Paris in
October, 1715.

See FONTENELLE, "Eloge de Malebranche;" MACKINTOSH,
"View of the Progress of Ethical Philosophy;" J. E. ERDMANN,
"Malebranche, Spinoza und die Sceptiker und Mysliker des sieb-
zehnten Jahrhunderts," 1836; KARL RELSTAG, " Dissertatio da
Malebranchio Philosopho," 1846; NlCBRON, " Me'moires;" "Nou-
velle Biographic Generale."

Malebranchius. See MALEBRANCHE.

Maleguzzi-Valeri, ma-la-goot'see va-la'ree, (VERO-
NICA,) COUNTESS, one of the most learned and gifted
women of Italy, was born at Reggio, Lombardy, in 1630.
She wrote a drama called " Innocence Recognized."
Died in 1690.

Malek-Ibn-Anas, ma'lek Ib'n Jn'as, the chief or
founder of one of the four Moslem sects which are ac-
counted orthodox, was bom at Medina in 714 A.D. His
doctrines, of which he published an explanation, were
generally adopted by the Mussulmans of Spain, Egypt,
and Barbary. Died about 795.

See HAMMEK-PURGSTALL, " Literaturgeschichte der Arabcr;"
" Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Malek-Shah. See MALIK-SHAH.

Malela. See MALALA.

Malermi, ma-leR'mee, or Malerbi, ma-le'R'bee, (NIC-
COL6,) an Italian translator, born in Venice in 1422. He
produced (1471) the first Italian version of the Bible
that was ever printed.

Malesherbes, de, deh mtl'ziRb', (CHRETIEN GyiL-
LAUME DE Lamoignon la"mwSn'y6N',) a meritorious
French judge and philanthropist, born in Parts in 1721,
was a son of Chancellor de Lamoignon. At the age of
twenty-four he was chosen a counsellor in the Parliament,
and in 1 750 became president of the Cour des Aides. He
was directeitr de la librairie, or censor of books, from
1750 to 1768, and was praised for his liberality or indul-
gence by Rousseau, Voltaire, and the Encyclopaedists.
He acquired great popularity by his defence of the Parlia-
ment against the ministry about 1772. In 1775, having
been indicated by the public voice, he was appointed a
colleague of Turgot in the new ministry, as minister of
the king's household and of the police, but he resigned
in 1776, when Turgot was dismissed. He was elected
to the French Academy in 1775, though he had not pro-
duced any purely literary work. He was author of
treatises on rural economy and finances, and of a " Me*
moir on the Liberty of the Press." When Louis XVL
was arraigned by the Convention in 1792, Malesherbes
generously offered to him his services as counsel, which
were accepted. This act of fidelity having rendered him
suspected by the terrorists, he was executed in April,
1794. His virtues are warmly eulogized by both royal-
ists and republicans.

See DELISLE DK SALES, "Me'moires sur la Vie publique et prive*
de Malesherbes," 1803; GAILLARD, "Vie ou Eloge hislorique do
Malesherbes," 1805; J. B. DUBOIS, "Notice sur Lamoignon-Males-
herbes," 1806 ; BOISSY D'ANGLAS, " Essai sur la Vie, etc. de Males-
herbes," avols., iSi8; C. P. DUPLESSIS, "EloRede Malesherbes,"
1820; DUPIN A!NB, "Cloge de Lamoignon-Malesherbes," 1841;.
SAINTE-BEUVE. "Malesherbes," in " Causeries du Lundi," tome u.

Malet, de,deh mS'li', (CLAUDE FRANC.OIS,) a French
general and conspirator, born at Dole in 1754. About
1806 he was dismissed from the service, and went to
Paris, where he plotted against Bonaparte, and was im-
prisoned from 1808 to 1812. Having formed another
conspiracy, he announced at the barracks, in Paris, oa

as k; 5 as s ; g hard; g asy; c, H, v~,uttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (J="See Explanations, p. 23.)




the 24th of October, 1812, that Bonaparte had died in
Russia, and that he (Malet) had been appointed gov-
ernor of Paris by the senate. By forged orders he im-
posed on the prefect of Paris, made Savary prisoner, and
shot General Hullin. At this crisis his audatity was
baffled by Laborde, who made him prisoner. Malet and
his accomplices were shot, after a summary process, in
October, 1812.

See LAFON, " Histoire de la Conspiratlon du gninl Malet,
1814 : DOURILLB, " Hisloire de la Conspiretion de Malet. 1840.

Mal'e-vUl or Mel'viU, (GEOFFREY,) a Scottish states-
man, became lord justiciary of Scotland in 1171. He is
said to have been the first who held that office.

Maleville, de, deh mal'vel', (JACQUES,) MARQUIS, a
French jurist, born in Perigord in 1741. He aided For-
lalis and others in framing the Civil Code, about iSpo,
and wrote an " Analysis of the Discussion of the Uvi)
Code," (4 vols., 1805.) Died in 1824.

Maleville, de, (LEON,) a French advocate and poli-
tician, born at Montauban in 1803. He was minister of
the interior for a short time in December, 1848.
was a moderate royalist, and a devoted friend of Ihiers.
Died March 29, 1879.

COLONEL DE MALEVILLE, a brother of the prec< ng,
born at Domme in 1813, was killed at Solferino in 1859.

Malezieu, de, deh raSl'ze-ijh', (NICOLAS,) a French
scholar, born in Paris in 1650. He was a friend of Fene-
lon and Bossuet, whose influence procured for him the
place of preceptor of the Due du Maine. He after-
wards taught mathematics to the Duke of Burgundy,
was elected to the French Academy in 1701, and pub-
lished "Elements of Geometry for the Duke of Bur-

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 120 of 425)