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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Died in 1593.

Manzi, man'zee, (GULIELMO,) an Italian litterateur,
born at Civita Vecchia in 1784. lie made a good Italian
version of Lucian, (1819,) and wrote a "Discourse on
the Spectacles, Festivals, and Luxury of the Italians of
the Sixteenth Century," (1818.) Died in 1821.

See TIPALOO. " Rioprafia iegli Italian! Ulustri :" Rossi, "Elogio
Storico di G. Manzi," 182*.

Manzi, (PlETRO,) an Italian writer, born at Civita
Vecchia in 1785, was a brother cf the preceding. He
published "The Conquest of Mexico," (1817,) and other
works. Died in 1839.

Manzo. See MANSO.

Manzolli, man-zol'lee, or Manzoli, mjn-zo'lee, (PlE-
TRO or PIER ANCELO,) a Latin poet, born at Stellata, on
the Po, in Italy, flourished about 1510-40. He was bet-
ter known by his assumed name, PALINGENIO or PALIN-
GE'NIUS STELLA'TUS. The events and circumstances
of his life are unknown. He wrote a long moral poem,
entitled "Zodiacof Life," (" Zodiacus Vitae," Bale, 1537,)
the books of which are named from the signs of the
zodiac. " It is not very poetical," says Hallam, " but
by no means without strong passages of sense and
spirit, in a lax Horatian metre. The author has said
more than enough to incur the suspicion of Lutheran-
ism." (" Introduction to the Literature of Europe.")

See GPRDES, "Historia Reformationis :" "Palingene," in
BAYLE'S " Historical and Critical Dictionary."

Manzoni, man-zo'nee, (ALESSANDUO,) a celebrated
Italian novelist and poet, was born at Milan, March 8,
1784. His father bore the title of count, and his mother
was a daughter of the Marquis Beccaria, the eminent
jurist and writer. About 1805 he made a long visit
to Paris, where he formed an intimate friendship with
Fauriel and produced a poem on the death of Carlo
Imbonati, (1806.) He married Henriette Louise Blondel,
of Geneva, in 1808, and became a zealous member of
the Roman Catholic Church. Soon after this event he
produced several hymns on the Nativity, the Passion,
the Resurrection, etc., which have much literary merit.
His next work was a tragedy, called " II Conte di Car-
magnola," (1820,) in which the three unities are not ob-
served. This drama was warmly applauded by Goethe.
He published another tragedy, entitled " Adelchi," and
an admirable ode on the death of Napoleon, "II cinque
Maggio." His capital work is the historical novel of
"I promessi Sposi," (3 vols., 1827,) an English version
of which has appeared under the title of "The Betrothed
Lovers." It presents a vivid picture of Italian society
of the seventeenth century. The style is natural, elo-
quent, and beautiful. Manzoni became a senator of ths
kingdom of Sardinia in 1860. Died May 22, 1873.

Manzoni, (FRANCESCA,) an Italian poetess, born in
the Milanese in 1710, was versed in the Greek and Latin
languages. Died in 1743.

Manzuoli, man-zoo-o'lee, (ToMMASO,) an able Italian
painter, born near Florence in 1536, was also called
MASO DA SAN FRIANO. He adorned several churches
of Florence. His master-piece is the "Visitation," which
is preserved in the gallery of the Vatican. Died in 1575-

See VASAKI, " Lives of the Painters," tc.

Mapes, map,? or Map, (WALfER,) an old English
author, born in the Welsh marches about 1150. He
became a favourite of Henry II., who sent him on a mis-
sion to the King of France and gave him several bene-
fices. In 1196 he was appointed Archdeacon of Oxford.
He wrote satirical Leonine Latin poems, among which
is an ode which begins " Meum est propositum in taberna
mori." In I-atin prose he wrote a curious and interesting
work called " De Nugis Curialium." He was the re-
puted author of several romances in French or Anglo-
Norman, among them the " Quest du Saint Graal,"
and certain other Round Table legends, which give him
a very high rank in mediaeval literature.

Maphaeus. See MAFFEI and MAFFEO.

Mapleson, (LAURA SCHIRMER,) an American
singer, born (Schirmer) at New York in 1862, married
Colonel Henry Mapleson in 1891. She first appeared

in grand opera in 1879, and within two weeks of her
death sang in "The Fencing-Master" at New York.
Died January 24, 1894.

Ma'ple-spn, (MARIE,) better known by her maiden
name of MARIE ROZE, a French singer, born in Paris in
1850. She was educated at the Conservatoire of Paris,
and early went upon the operatic stage, where her fina
abilities as a singer and her versatility as an actress won
her great applause, She married Mr. J. H. Mapleson, 3.
distinguished English manager of the opera.

Mapletoft, ma'pel-toft, (JOHN,) an English physician,
born in Huntingdonshire in 1631. He was appointed
professor of medicine in Gresham College, London, in
1675. About 1680 he took holy orders. He translated
into Latin Sydenham's "Observations," at the request
of the author, and wrote "The Principles and Duties
of the Christian Religion." Died in 1721.

Mapp, mSp, JLat. MAP'PUS,] (MARC,) a French bot-
anist and physician, born at Strasburg in 1632. He wrote
a mediocre " Description of the Plants of Alsace." Died
in 1701.

Mappua. See MAPP.

Maquet, ml'k&', (AUGUSTE,) a French novelist, bom
in Paris in 1813. He was author in part of "Monte-
Cristo," and of other works which were published under
the name of Alexandre Dumas. Died January 9, iSSS.


Mara, ma'ra, a famous deva of the Hindoo mythology
mentioned in the history of GAUTAMA, (which see.)

Mara, ma'ra, originally named Schmelling, (ELIZA-
BETH,) a celebrated German singer, was born at Cassel
in 1749. She was a pupil of Paradisi, and became the
wife of J. Mara, a violoncellist of Berlin. Between 1784
and 1787 she appeared four times as first vocalist at the
Handel Commemoration, and was greatly admired. She
afterwards performed with applause in Paris and Berlin.
She sang in four languages. Died in 1833.

Mara, de, deh mS'ri", (GUILLAUME,) a priest and
Latin poet, born in the diocese of Coutances, France
about 1470; died about 1530.

Maracci. See MARRACCI.

Maracci, ma-rat'chee, or Marracci. mar-rat'chee,
(GIOVANNI,) an Italian historical painter, born at Lucca
in 1637, was a pupil of Pietro da Cortona. Died in 1704.

Marais, mS'r.V, (MARIN,) a French musical composer,
was born in Paris in 1656. Among his works is an opera
entitled " Alcyone," (1706.) Died in 1728.

Marais, (MATHIEU,) a French jurist and writer, born
in Paris in 1664. He wrote some articles for Kayle'9
"Historical and Critical Dictionary," and a "Life of
La Fontaine," (1811.) Died in 1737.


Maraldi, mj-ral'dee, (JACQUES PHILIPPE,) an as-
tronomer, born at Perinaldo, in the county 'of Nice, in
1665, was a nephew of Giovanni Domenico Cassini,
under whom he studied astronomy in Paris. About
1 700 he was elected to the French Academy of Sciences,
lie spent many years in astronomical observations, and
in forming a Catalogue of the fixed stars, which he left
in manuscript when he died, in 1729.

Maraldi, (!EAN DOMINIQUE,) a nephew of the pre-
ceding, was born at Perinaldo in 1709. He became
assistant astronomer at the Paris Observatory, and made
many observations, which were inserted in the collection
of the Academy of Sciences. Died in 1788.

Maran, mt'roN', [Lat. MAKA'NUS,] (Dom PRUDENT,)
a learned French Benedictine monk, born at Suzanne in
1683. He wrote a " Dissertation on the Semi-Arians,"
and edited the works of Saint Cyprian. Died in 1762.

Marana, ma-ra'na,(GioVANNi PAOLO or GIAMPAOLO,)
an Italian writer, born at Genoa about 1642. lie was
imprisoned four years (1670-74) for a political reason.
About 1682 he removed to Paris, and obtained a pen-
sion from the king. In 1684 he published, in French, the
first volume of " The Turkish Spy," (" L'Espion T'urc,")
which was very successful. "The Turkish Spy," says
Hallam, "is no ordinary production, but contains as
many proofs of a thoughtful, if not very profound, mind,
as any we can find. It suggested the Persian Letters
to Montesquieu." He published a second volume in
1686. Died in 1693.

4, c, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, d, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m5t; nit; good; moonj




Marangoni, ma-ran-go'nee, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian
antiquary, born at Vicenza in 1673. He wrote a learned
treatise on the Flavian Amphitheatre, and "Thesaurus
Parochorum." Died in -1753.

Maransin, mS'roN'saN', (JEAN PIERRE,) BARON, a
French general, born at Lourdes in 1770; died in 1828.

Maranta, ma-rin'ta, (BARTOLOMMEO,) an Italian bot-
anist and physician, lived at Venosa, in the kingdom of
Naples. He assisted Ferrante Imperato in writing his
"Natural History," and wrote an esteemed elementary
work on botany, entitled "Methodus Cognoscendorum
Medicamentorum simplicium," (1559.) "The author,"
says Hallam," is independent, though learned, extremely
acute in discriminating plants known to the ancients, and
has discovered many himself." (" Introduction to the
Literature of Europe.") Died about 1554.

See TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteralura Italiaua."

Maranus. See MARAN.

Marat, mf ri', (JEAN PAUL,) a leader in the French
Revolution, was the son of an Italian named Mara, and
was born near Neufchatel, in Switzerland, in 1743. He
practised medicine in Paris before the Revolution with
great success, becoming in 1777 a court-physician, but in
1786 he resigned his place. He published many treatises
on electricity, optics, etc. In 1 789 he aroused the popu-
lace by his journal " The Friend of the People," (" L'Ami
du Peuple.") He was as a consequence for a long time
compelled to live in sewers and cellars to escape the
officers of the law. Among the Jacobin leaders he ap-
pears to have been the most determined and ferocious
enemy alike of the royalists and Girondists, whose in-
sincerity he denounced and for whose half-measures he
expressed great contempt. In 1792 he was elected to the
Convention, and, uniting with Danton and Robespierre,
formed the famous triumvirate of the reign of terror. He
became a self-constituted public accuser before the com-
mune and the Convention. In May, 1793, the majority
of the Convention ordered his arrest for alleged outrages
committed against that assembly. He was tried, but
was acquitted by the tribunal and brought back to the
Convention in triumph. "The hesitation of Danton,"
says Lamartine, "and the temporizing of Robespierre,
raised Marat at this moment to the apogee of his popu-
larity and power. He shrugged his shoulders at the
names of Danton and Robespierre, expressing his doubts
of their capacity to guide the Revolution." Me was
assassinated by Charlotte Corday in his own house in
July, 1793. {See CORDAY, CHARLOTTE.) Perhaps no
man in all history has been more unanimously condemned
than Marat. The perfect agreement in regard to his
character among his contemporaries of the most diverse
and even opposite opinions on other subjects, furnishes
the strongest probability that that condemnation was
entirely just. That he preferred the gratification of his
malignant passions to the pursuit of wealth or of ordinary
pleasures is no proof of any very exalted disinterested-
ness. History furnishes many examples of men who,
dominated by one supreme passion, have been indifferent
to every other consideration. We find very little force
or reason in the recent attempts to rehabilitate the repu-
tation of Marat. The only charitable view of his char-
acter that can rationally be maintained is to suppose that
his mind, more especially his moral nature, was deeply
diseased. For the credit of humanity, we may hope that
he was not fully responsible for his conduct.

Maratta, ma-rat'ta, or Maratti, ma-rjt' tee, (CARLO,)
an Italian painter, born at Camurano, in the March of
Ancona,in May, 1625, enjoyed in his time the reputation
of being one of the best painters in Europe. He became
a pupil of Andrea Sacchi and a devout student of Ra-
phael's works, and chose Rome as his permanent resi-
dence. He was employed by Clement IX. and by four
other successive popes, and received the title of painter-
ordinary to Louis XIV., for whom he painted a picture
of Daphne. His Madonnas are admired for modest
dignity and amiable expression. He preferred to paint
pictures for galleries and altars, rather than large works.
Maratta also excelled in the art of etching. He was the
last great painter of the Roman school. Died in 1713.

See BELLORI, "Vila del Cavalier Maratti," 1732.

Maratta or Maratti, (MARIA,) a daughter of the
preceding, was a painter and a poetess. She was mar-
ried to G. Zappe, the poet.

Maratti. See MARATTA.

Maraviglia, mi-ri-vel'ya, (GIUSEPPE MARIA,) an
Italian philosopher and moralist, born at Milan. His
Latin name was MIRABII.IA. Died in 1684.

Marazzoli, ma-rat-so'lee, (MARCO,) an Italian com-
poser of operas and oratorios, born at Parma; died in

Marbach, maR'blK, (JOHANN,) a German Protestant
theologian, bom at Lindau in 1521. Among his works
is " The Faith of Jesus and of the Jesuits," (" Fides Jesus
et Jesuitarum.") Died in 1581.

Marbeau, miR'bo', (JEAN BAPTISTE FRANCOIS,) a
French writer on social economy, born at Brives in 1798.
He founded in 1844 charitable institutions called Crtchei,
for infants whose mothers serve as labourers out of their
own houses. Died October 10, 1875.

Mar'beck, (JOHN,) an English composer of cathedral
music, was organist of Windsor in the reign of Henry
VIII. He composed the notes to the Preces and Re-
sponses used in the English cathedrals. Having iden-
tified himself with the Protestant cause, he was con-
demned to be burned for heresy about I545> but was
pardoned, perhaps on account of his musical skill. He
published a "Book of Common Prayer Noted," (1550,)
and a "Concordance." Died in 1585.

Marbeuf or Marboeuf, miR'buf' , (Louis CHARLES
RENE,) MARQUIS, a French general, born near Rennes
in 1712. He commanded in Corsica against Paoli, by
whom he was defeated in 1768. Died in 1786.

Marboia, miR'bwa', (FRANCOIS de Barbe deh
baVba',) MARQUIS, called also MARQUIS DE MARBOIS,
a French statesman and writer, born at Metz in 1745.
About 1780 he 'was charge-d'affaires and consul-general
to the United States. In 1792 Louis XVI., who esteemed
him for his probity, sent him on an embassy to Vienna.
He was elected in 1795 to the Council of Elders, in Tvhich
he spoke often and with ability. In September, 1797, he
was, with others, deported to Guiana by the Directory.
Bonaparte appointed.him director of the treasury, or min-
ister of finance, in 1801. Marbois was dismissed in 1805,
but in 1808 became first president of the Cour des
Comptes, (Chamber of Accounts, or exchequer.) He held
this office about thirty years. He was keeper of the seals
and minister of justice in 1815 and 1816, and received
the title of marquis in 1817. He wrote numerous moral,
political, and historical works, among which are "The
Conspiracy of Arnold against the United States,"
(1816,) and a " History of Louisiana," (1828.) Died in


See ANTOINB PASSV, " Notice sur le Marquis de BarW-Marbois,
1838; "Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

a French general, born at Altillac in 1781 ; died in 1844.

Marbot, (JEAN BAPTISTE ANTOINE,) a general, born
at Altillac in 1782, was a brother of the preceding. Na-
poleon left him a legacy of one hundred thousand francs.
Died in 1854.

Marc, the French for MARK, which see.

Marc, mtRk, (CHARLES CHRETIEN HENRT,) a physi-
cian, born at Amsterdam in 1771, settled in Paris in 1798.
About 1818 he became physician to the Duke of Orleans,
who, on his accession as Louis Philippe, in 1830, gave
him the title of first physician to the king. He wrote,
besides other works, a " Treatise on Insanity," (" De la
Folie," etc., 2 vols., 1840,) and published several able
medical treatises. Died in 1841.

See PARISET, " fitoge de Ch. Ch. H. Marc," 1842; RsVElLl.4-
PARISSE, "Notice sur C. C. H. Marc," 1842.


Marc Antoine, the French for MARK ANTONY. See

Marc Antonio. See RAIMONDI.

Marc Aurel, the German for MARCUS AtrRELrus.

Marc Aurele. See AUREI.IUS, (MARCUS.)

Marca, de, deh marks', (PIERRE,) an ambitious and
learned French prelate, bom in Bru in 1594. At the
request of Cardinal Richelieu, he wrote his famous

as k; c as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, TH,gitttural; N, nasal; it, trilled; s as z; th as in this.


Explanations, p. 23.)




treatise on the liberty of the Gallican Church, entitled
"De Concordia Sacerdotii et Imperii," (1641,) which
offended the court of Rome. He was made Bishop of
Toulouse in 1652, minister of state about 1658, and
Archbishop of Paris ui 1661. Among his works is a
"History of Beam." Died in 1662.

See DH FACET, "Viede Pierre de Marca:" BOMPART, "loge
de Marca," 1672.

VIERS,) a French general, born at Chartres in 1769. He
entered the army in 1786, and became a general of
brigade at the age of twenty-two. In 179^ he obtained
the chief command of the army sent against the Ven-
deans, whom he defeated at Mans. In 1795 and 1796 he
commanded a division on the Rhine and in the Palati-
nate, where he gained advantages over the Austrians.
He was killed in battle near Altenkirchen in 1796.
Kle'ber, who was his friend, said, "I have never known
any general so capable as Marceau to change the plan
of battle on the spot with sang-froid and judgment."

See CLAUDE DESPREZ, " Kle'ber e! Marceau," 1857: LAVALCE,
"Elope Inslorique du Ge'ne'ral Marceau," 1797; SBKGENT-MAB-
CEAU, " Notice sur le Ge'neVdl Marceau," 1820.

Marcel. See MARCELLUS I., Bishop of Rome.

Marcel, miR'sSl', (ETIENNE,) a French partisan chief
and agitator of reform, was provost of the merchants of
Paris when King John was defeated and made prisoner
at Poitiers, in 1356. He became the leader of the popular
party in its contest with the dauphin Charles, who acted
as regent. Marcel was predominant in Paris, and con-
trolled a majority in the States-General, which refused
to vote supplies for the war unless their grievances
should be redressed. A revolution was effected which
rendered the government almost republican. Having
given the command of Paris to Charles the Bad, of
Navarre, he was betrayed by him, and was assassinated
in 1.158.

See NAUDET, "Conjuration d'tienne Marcel," etc. : FROISSART,
"Chronique;" SISMONDI, " Histoire des Francais,"

Marcel, (GUILLAUME,) a French chronologist, born
at Toulouse in 1647. He negotiated a treaty with the
Dey of Algiers in 1677. He published valuable "Chro-
nological Tablets," and a " History of the Origin and
Progress of the French Monarchy," (1686,) which is
commended for accuracy in dates. Died in 1708.

Marcel, (GuiLLAUME,) a French writer and priest,
born about 1612. He wrote Latin and French verse,
etc. Died in 1702.

Marcel, (JEAN JOSEPH,) an eminent French Orien-
talist and historian, born in Paris in November, 1776.
He went to Egypt in 1798 as a member of the scientific
commission, and, having returned to France in 1801,
was selected as one of the rldactturs of the " Descrip-
tion of Egypt." He was director of the national printing
department (imfrimcrie) from 1802 to 1814. Among
his numerous works are "Melanges Orientaux," (1833,)
a " History of Egypt from the Arabian Conquest to the
French Expedition," (2d edition, 1844,) and a "Scien-
tific and Military History of the French Expedition
n Egypt," (with Louis Reybaud,) (10 vols., 1830-36.)
L>ied in 1854.

See BELIN, "Notice sur J. J. Marcel," in the "Journal Asi-
fttique," 1854; "Nouvjle Biographic Gene>ale."

Marcel; maRt'sel, (N.,) a German painter of flowers,
fruits, etc., born at Frankfort in 1628 ; died in 1683.

Mar-cel'la, a Roman lady, was a daughter of C.
Marcellus and Octavia, who was a sister of the emperor
Augustus. She was married first to M. V. Agrippa,
divorced in 21 B.C., and married again to a son of Mark
Antony the triumvir.

Marcellin. See MARCEI.I.INUS.

Mar-cel-li'nus, [ Fr. MARCEI.LIN, miR's^aN',]
SAINT, a native of Rome, succeeded Caius as Bishop of
Rome, or pope, in 295 A.D. During his tenure of that
office the Church was persecuted by Diocletian. He
died in 304 or 305, and was succeeded by Marcellus I.

See ARTAUO DB MONTOR, " Histoire des souvcraina Pontifes

Marcellinus Ammianus. See AMMIANUS.

Marcellis, mar-sel'lis, (OrHo,) a Dutch painter of
flowers and animals, was born in 1613. He worked

with success in Paris, Rome, and Amsterdam, Died
in 1673.

Marcello, maR-chel'lo, (BENEDETTO,) a celebrated
Italian composer and poet, bom of a patrician family at
Venice in 1686, was a pupil of Gasparini. He studied
law, and was for fourteen years a member of the Council
of Forty. He gained distinction as a poet by a number
of sonnets and canzoni. His capital work is a collection
of psalms, entitled "Estro poetico-armonico Parafrast
sopra i 50 primi Salmi," (1724.) These were received
with universal enthusiasm throughout Europe, and mer-
ited for the author the appellation of the Pindar and
Michael Angelo of musicians. Died in 1739.

" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Marcello, (PiETRO,) an Italian biographer, lived at
Venice about 1500, and wrote " De Vita Principum et
Gestis Venctorum," (1554.)

Mar-cel'lus [Fr. MARCEL, miR'sSl'; It. MARCELLO,
maR-chel'lo] L, Bishop of Rome, was a Roman by birth,
and was elected in 308 A.D. Ilis efforts to maintain
strict discipline are said to have caused a schism and
sedition among the. believers. He died in 309 or 310,
and was succeeded by Eusebius.

Marcellus II., POPE, born at Fano in 1501, was
named MARCELLUS CERVIUS. He was elected pope in
April, 1555, after the death of Julius III. About three
weeks after his election he died, and was succeeded by
Paul IV.

See A. BOWER, " History of the Popes:" ARTAUT> DB MONTOR*
"Histoire des souverains Pontifes Remains."

Mar-cellus, (CAIUS CLAUDIUS,) a Roman consul,
who married Octavia, the sister of Octavius Caesar.
He became consul in 50 B.C., before which he had at-
tached himself to the party of Pompey. While in this
office he made a motion in the senate to deprive Cxsar
of his command, but did not succeed. He remained in
Italy during the civil war, and shared the clemency of
Caesar after the victory of the latter. Died about 40 B.C.

Mar-cel'lus, [It. MARCELLO, maR-chel'lo,](DoNATO,)
an Italian phvsician, born at Mantua. He wrote " De
Historia Medica mirabili," (1586.)

Marcellus, (MARCUS CLAUDIUS,) a Roman general,
celebrated as the conqueror of Syracuse, born about 266
B.C., was the greatest member of a consular plebeian
family which produced several eminent men. In 222
he became consul, (with Cn. Cornelius Scipio,) defeated
the Insubrians on the Po, and obtained the honour of a
triumph. After Hannibal had invaded Italy in the second
Punic war, Marcellus was chosen praetor for the year 216
B.C., in which the battle of Cannae was fought. He was
not present at this battle. The command of the forces
which escaped from that defeat having devolved on him,
he repulsed the attack of Hannibal on Nola, and was the
first that checked his victorious progress. He was elected
for the third time consul for the year 214, with the great
Fabius Maximus as his colleague. His most famous
exploit was the conquest of Syracuse, which, though
defended by the genius of Archimedes, he took, after a
siege of two years and some months, in 212 B.C. He
again obtained the consulship in 210 B.C., with the com
mand of the army in Italy, and fought an indecisive bat-
tle with Hannibal at Numistro. Marcellus and Hannibal
commanded the respective armies at Canusium, (209,)
where the Romans claimed the victory. Marcellus was
elected consul for the fifth time in 208 B.C. Having
advanced to reconnoitre near Venusia, he fell into
an ambuscade, and was killed in the skirmish with the
advanced posts of Hannibal, in that year. Plutarch
has drawn a parallel between Marcellus and Pelopidas,
" who," he says, " were both men of heroic strength, and
were equal in courage and magnanimity." Polybius
denies that Marcellus ever defeated Hannibal.

See PLUTARCH'S "Lives ;" AURELIUS VICTOR, " De Viris illus-
trious;" Ltvv. "History of Rome," books xxii.-xxvii. ; POLYBIUS*
"History;" "Nouvelle Biographic Gin^rale."

Marcellus, (MARCUS CLAUDIUS,) a Roman general,
was a son of the preceding. He was wounded in the
skirmish in which his father was killed. He was elected

4, e. i, 5, u, y, long; a, e. 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fall, fat; met; n6t; good; moon;

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 125 of 425)