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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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praetor in 198 B.C., arid consul in 196, when he com
mar.ded in Cisalpine Gaul and defeated the Insubrians.
In i8g he was censor. Died in 177 B.C.

Marcellus, (MARCUS CLAUDIUS,) a son of the pre-
ceding, obtained the consulship in 166 B.C. He was
chosen consul again in 155, and gained a victory over
the Ligurians. In 152 he obtained a third consulship,
with command of the army in Spain, where he subdued
the Celtiberians and founded Corduba, (Cordova.) He
perished by shipwreck in 148 B.C.

Marcellus, (MARCUS CLAUDIUS,) the friend of Cicero,
and the subject of the admirable oration " Pro M. Mar
cello," was a descendant of the great Marcellus. He
had a high reputation as an orator. Elected consul in
52 B.c, he urged the senate to extreme measures against
Caesar. In the civil war he was an adherent of Pompe)
and the senate. He fled from Rome in 49, and joined
the army in Epirus. After the ruin of his cause at Phar-
salia, he exiled himself to Mitylene, Overcome by the
warm intercession ot the senators, Caesar granted him a
pardon in 47 B.C. On this occasion Cicero expressed his
thanks to the dictator, and his high estimate of the merit
of Marcellus, in the oration which bears his name.
Marcellus was on his homeward journey when he was
assassinated, near Athens, by P. Magius, one of his at-
tendants, about 46 B.C.

See CICKRO, "Pro M. M.ircellp:" DRUMANN, "Geschichte
Roms:" ORELU, "Onomasticon Tulh'anura."

Marcellus, (MARCUS CLAUDIUS,) was the son of C.
Claudius Marcellus, noticed above, and Octavia. About
the year 25 B.c he was adopted by his uncle, the empe-
ror Augustus, who gave him his daughter Julia in mar-
riage. He was a youth of promising talents, and was a
general favourite. He died in his twentieth year, in the
autumn of 23 B.C. His memory was embalmed by Vir-
gil in a beautiful passage of his epic poem, (book vi., v.
872, etc.,) which was recited by the poet in the presence
of Octavia and Augustus. (See OCTAVIA.)

See PLUTARCH, "Marcellus;" TACITUS, "Annales."

Mar-cellus Em-piil-cus, a Latin writer, born at
Burdigala, (Bordeaux.) He was magister officiorum in
the reign of Theodosius the Great, (379-395 A.D.) He
was author of a pharmaceutical work, " De Merlica-
mentis Empiricis, Physicis," etc.

Mar-cel'lus Si-de'tes, a native of Side, in Pam-
phyila, lived about 140 A.D. He wrote a long Greek
medical poem, of which fragments are extant

Mar-cel'lus Ul'pl-us, a Roman jurist, who flourished
about 150 A.D., and was a legal adviser of the emperor
Antoninus Pius. He was author of thirty-one books of
" Digesta," six books on the " Leges Julia et Papia,"
and one book of " Responsa." About one hundred and
fifty excerpts from his works are found in the "Digest"
He is often quoted as high authority by Ulpian, Faulus,
and other jurists.

See M. TYDEMAN, " De Marcelli Vita," 1762 ; J. T. SECER. " Ul-
pius Marcellus," 1768.

Marcellus, de, deh miR'si'luss', (MARIE Louis
JEAN ANDRE; CHARLES Demartin du Tirac deh-
min'tiN' du te'rik',) COMTE, a French writer, critic,
and diplomatist, born in Guienne in 1795. During a mis-
sion to the Levant, in 1820, he brought away the statue
of Venus of Milo. He published " Souvenirs of the
Levant," (1839,) " Popular Songs of Greece," (1851,) and
"Chateaubriand," (1859.) Died in 1865.

Marcet, mar'seV or miR'si', (ALEXANDRE.) F.R.S.,
a skilful Swiss physician and chemist, born at Geneva in
1770. Having been exiled for political reasons, he settled
In London about 1797, and acquired a high reputation as
a practitioner and a lecturer on chemistry. In 1815 he
returned to Geneva, where he was elected to the supreme
council. His principal work is an " Essay on the Chem-
ical History and Treatment of Calculous Disorders,"
(1817, in English.) Died in 1822.

Marcet, (JANE HALDIMAND,) a popular writer on
science, wife of the preceding, was born at Geneva in
1785. She published "Conversations on Chemistry,"



ogues on political economy could teach Montague or

Walpole many lessons on finance." Died June 28,

See a notice of Mrs. Marcet, by PROFESSOR DE LA RIVE, in the
" Biblioiheque Uuiverselle," new series, 1858, vol. iii. ; HARRIET
MARTINEAU, "Biographical Sketches," London, 1869.

Marcgrat maRk'gRlf, or Marggrat maRp'gRaf,
(GEORC,) a German naturalist, born at Liebstaclt in 1610,
was author of a "Natural History of Brazil," (in Latin,)
pub Ished at Leyden in 1648. "The descriptions of
Mai cgraf," says Hallam, "are good, and enable us to
identify the animals. They correct the imperfect notions
of Gesner, and add several species which do not appear
in his work." Died in Guinea in 1644.

March, maRch, (AusiAS or OSIAS,) a Spanish poet,
born at Valencia. He imitated Petrarch with success,
and wrote many short poems on love, morals, etc., whioh
were printed in 1543. Died in 1460.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature."

March, (DANIEL,) D.D., an American divine, born at
Millbury, Massachusetts, July 21, 1816. lie graduated
at Yale College in 1840, was ordained in 1845, and held
various Presbyterian and Congregational pastorates. He
published "Night Scenes in the Bible," " Walks and
Hours of Jesus," "Home Life in the Bible," "From
Dark to Dawn," " Our Father's House," etc.


March, (FRANCIS ANDREW,) LL.D., an eminent phi-
lologist, born at Millbury, Massachusetts, October 25,
1825. He graduated at Amherst College in 1845, became
a lawyer in 1850, and in 1858 was appointed professor of
English and of comparative philology in Lafayette Col
lege. Among his works are "A Method of Philological
Study of the English Language," (1865,) "Comparative
Grammar of the Anglo-Saxon Language," (1870,) "Anglo-
Saxon Reader," (1870,) "Introduction to Anglo-Saxon,"
(1871, (.etc. He also prepared a collection of Latin
hymns. He has been president of the Spelling Reform
Association from its first organization in 1876. The
thorough manner in which philological studies (especially
those connected with the development of the English
language) have been pursued at Lafayette College, under
Professor March's direction, has elicited high commenda-
tion from distinguished scholars both in England and

March, (MiGUEL,) a Spanish painter of religious
subjects, born at Valencia in 1633 ; died in 1670.

March de les Batallas, maRch da lis ba-tjl'vis,
(EsTEBAN,) a Spanish painter, father of the preceding,
was born at Valencia. He acquired a great reputation
as a painter of battles. He died at Valencia in 1660.

See CEAN-BSRMODHZ, " Diccionario Historico," etc

Marchais, des, d4 maVshl', (RENAUD,) a French
traveller, wrote a description of Western Africa, which
was published by Labat, in 4 vols., (1731.) Died about


a Belgian writer, born at Brussels in 1780. His chief
work is a " History of the Reign of Charles V.," (1857.)
Died in 1858.

Marchand, miR'shSN', (fiTiENNE,) a French navb
gator, born in the island of Grenada in 1755. He made
a voyage round the world in 1790-92, and discovered
several small islands in the Northern Pacific Ocean. A
narrative of the voyage was published. Died in 1793.

Marchand, (JEAN GABRIEL,) COMTE, a French
general, born near Saint-Marcellin in 1765. He served
as general of division at the battles of Jena (1806) and
Friedland, (1807.) When Napoleon returned from Elba,
(1815,) Marchand adhered to Louis XVIII. Died in

Marchand, (JEAN HENRI,) a witty French writer in
prose and verse. Among his works are "Memoirs of
an Elephant," (1771,) and "Political Testament of M
de V.," (Voltaire.) Died about 1785.

See BARBIER, "Dictionnaire des Anonymes."

Marchand, (Louis,) a French organist, born at
Lyons in 1669. He became organist of the royal chapel
at Versailles. Died in 1732.

Marchand, (PROSPER,) a learned French bibliogra-
pher, born in Picardy about 1675. Having become a
Protestant, he removed to Amsterdam in 1711. He

eas/fc; j as j; g ,*<;r</; g as// G, H, K, guttural ; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; thasinC/Wj. (jJ^^See Explanations, p. 23.)




published editions of rare books, collected literary anec-
dotes, and wrote a "Historical Dictionary, or Critical
and Literary Memoirs," (1758,) a work of considerable
interest. (See ALLAMAND.) He was one of the editors
of the "Journal Litteraire," an able periodical published
at the Hague, (1713-37.) and author of a "History of
the Art of Printing." Died in 1756.

Marchand, (THOMAS,) a French explorer, born
in the department of Saone-et-Loire in 1863. He
entered the army in 1883, was sent to French Congo
in 1896, and gained fame by his difficult and daring
journey from Brazzaville to the upper Nile. In July,
1898, he reached Fashoda, which Lord Kitchener
claimed as English territory. After an international
debate, Marchand withdrew. He was received as a
hero on his return to France in 1899.

Marchangy, de, den mlR'shoN'zhe', (Louis AN-
TOINE FRANCOIS,) a French author and advocate, born
at Clamecy in 1782. He published, besides other works,
" The History of France, considered in its Relations with
Poetry, Eloquence, and the Fine Arts," ("La Gaule
poe'tique," etc., 1813.) Died in 1826.

Marchant,maVsh6N', (NICOLAS,) a French botanist,
was one of the founders of the Academy of Sciences,
(1666.) Died at Paris in 1678.

Marche, de la, deh 13 mJRsh, (OLIVIER,) a poet ana
chronicler, born in Burgundy in 1426. He served Charles
the Bold as captain of his guards, and was made prisoner
at the battle of Nancy, (M77-) H was afterwards
maltre-d'/iStfl (steward) of Mary of Burgundy and hei
son Philip. He wrote, in French, " Historical Memoirs,"
(of events which occurred from 1435 to 1492,) which are
considered valuable and candid. He also wrote several
poems, one of which is called " Le Chevalier de'libe're',
ou la Vie de Charles le Teme'raire." Died in 1501.

Marchena, maR-cha'na, (JosE,) a Spanish littfratfur.
born in Andalusia in 1768, went to France about 1790.
Being an expert linguist, he was employed as secretary
by General Moreau, (1798-1804.) He translated into
Spanish Moliere's "Tartuffe," Rousseau's "Emile,"and
other works. Died in 1821.

Marches!, maR-ka'sec, or Zaganelli, (FRANCESCO,)
an Italian painter, born at Cotignola. lie lived about
1520, and worked at Ravenna.

Marches!, (GiROLAMO,) a painter, was born about
1480. He painted portraits and history at Rome and
Naples. Vasari dates his death about 1550.

Marches!, (PoMPEO,) an able Italian sculptor, born
in 1790, was a pupil of Canova. Among his works are
a marble statue of Goethe at Frankfort, and a Saint Am-
brose at Milan. Died at Milan in 1858.

Marchetti, maR-ket'tee, (ALESSANDRO,) an eminent
Italian poet and professor, was born at Pontormo, in
Tuscany, in 1633. He was professor of philosophy at
Pisa from 1659 to 1679. In the latter year he obtained
the chair of mathematics at Pisa. He published an able
treatise " On the Resistance of Solids," and other works
on physics and mathematics. His reputation rests chiefly
on his Italian versions of Anacreon and Lucretius. The
version of Lucretius, in sciolti, or blank verse, is generally
admired for fidelity and elegance. He wrote, also, short
original poems. Died in 1714.

Marchetti, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian ecclesiastical
writer, born at Empoli in 1753. He defended the cause
of the pope in some of his numerous works. Among
these is a "Critique on Fleury's History of the Church,"
(2 vols., 1782.) Died in 1829.

Marchetti, (GIUSEPPE Salvagnoli sal-vin-yolee,)
an Italian poet, born near Empoli in 1799. He com-
posed several small poems, and translated Virgil's
Eclogues into Italian verse. Died in 1829.

Marchetti, (MARCO,) called MARCO DA FAENZA, a
skilful Italian painter, born at Faenza ; died in 1588.

Marchettis, di,dee maR-ket't6ss, (PiETRO,) an Italian
writer on surgery, born at Padua in 1593. lie published
" Sylloge Observationum Medico-Chirurgicarum," (1664.
often reprinted.) Died in 1673. His son DOMENICO
(born in 1626, died in 1688) was a noted anatomist.

Marchi, da, d3 maR'kee, (FRANCESCO,) a distinguished
Italian engineer, born at Bologna about 1506. He served

the King of Spain as military engineer in Flanders for
thirty years, and made inventions in fortification. His
reputation was founded on a work entitled "On Forti-
fication," (Delia Architettura militare," 1599.) Died
about 1599.

See MARINI, "Vita di F. Marchi," 1810; GINGUEN, "Histoire
de Ja Litte'rature Italienne."

Marchin, de, deh maVshlN', (FERDINAND,) COUNT,
sometimes written Marsin, a French general, born in
1656. He was sent on an embassy to the King of Spain
in 1701. He returned to France in 1703, and was raised
to the rank of marshal. At the battle of Blenheim (1704)
he was second in command, and, after Tallart was made
prisoner, conducted the retreat in good order. He com-
manded under the Duke of Orleans at the great battle
of Turin, (1706,) where the French were defeated by
Prince Eugene and Marchin was killed.

See SAINT-SIMON, " Me'moires ;" DB COURCELLES, "Diction-
naire des Gene'raux Francais."

Marchini, maR-kee'nee, (GIOVANNI FRANCESCO,) an
Italian ecclesiastic, born at Vercelli in 1713. He pub-
lished a " Treatise on the Divinity of the Sacred Books,"
and other works. Died in 1774.

Marchione (maR-ke-o'na) OF AREZZO, a medixval
Italian sculptor and architect, flourished about 1200.
One of his works, the church of Santa Maria della Pieve,
is extant at Arezzo.

See VASAR!, "Lives of the Painters," etc.

Marchmont, EARL OF. See HUME, (Sir PATRICK,)

Marcia or Martia (mar'she-a) Gens, a Roman
ffits, originally patrician, claimed to be descended from
Ancus Marcius. The family of Coriolanus belonged to

Marcian, mar'she-an, [Lat. MARCIA'NUS ; Gr. Mop/H-
avoc; Fr. MARCIEN, miK'se-lN',] Emperor of the East,
was born of obscure parents in Thrace about 390 A.D.
He had risen by his merit to a high rank in the army
when Theodosius the Younger died, in 450. He then
accepted from Pulcheria, a sister of Theodosius, the
offer of her hand, and became emperor. His reign
was wise and peaceful. He refused to pay the tribute
demanded by Attila, King of the Huns, saying, "I
have gold for my friends, and iron for my enemies."
lie died, without issue, in 457 A.D., and was succeeded
by Leo I.

See CTRBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire;" LB
DE.XU, " Histoire du Bas-Empire."

Marcianus. See MARCIAN.

Marciaiius, mar-she-a'nus, (/Euus,) a Roman jurist,
who wrote in the reigns of Septimius Severus and Cara-
calla. He survived the latter, who died in 217 A.D. The
Digest contains many excerpts from his "Institutiones."
his " Publica Judicia," and other works.

See OELRICHS, "De Vita JElii Marciani," 1754.

Marcianua OF HERACLEIA, (in Pontus,) [Fr. MAIC-
CIEN D'HERACLiE, miVse-aN' da'rS'kli/,] a Greek
geographer, who is supposed to have lived in the fourth
century. He wrote a " Periplus of the External Sea,
both Eastern and Western," of which fragments have
come down to us and are esteemed valuable.

See UKERT, " Geographic der Griechen und Romer.

Marcien. See MARCIAN.

Marcile. See MARCILIUS.

Marcilius, mar-see'le-us, [Fr. MARCILE, mia'sel',!
(TuEODORUS,) a Dutch philologist, born at Arnhem in
1548. He was professor of rhetoric in several colleges
of Paris from 1578 to 1617. He published notes on
1'crsius, Horace, Lucian, and other classics, and wroie
"Lusus de Nemine," (1586,) a poem, and a "History
of New-Year's Gifts," ("llistoria Strenarum," 1599.)
Died in 1617.

Marcion, mar'she-on, [Gr. Napxiuv,'] a celebrated
heresiarch of the second century, was born at Sinope, in
Pontus. Having been excommunicated for some youthful
fault, he went to Rome about 140 A.D. lie devised a
new creed or system, which was accepted by numerous
disciples (Marcionites) and was opposed by Tertullian,
Origen, and other Fathers. He taught the existence of
two original principles, the authors of good and evil,

a, e, I, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; met; not; good; mooa




and ascribed the Mosaic law to the evil principle. He'
also rejected a large part of the New Testament.

See TILI.RMONT, " M<*moires ecclt?siasliques: rt LARDNER, " His-
tory of Heretics;" SCHF.LLCNC, "Dissertalio de Marcione,' 1795.

Marck, de la, deh li rn.iRk, (GuiLLAUME,) a Flemish
chief, born in 1446, was noted for his ferocity, and was
surnamed THE WILD BOAR OF ARDENNES. Me assas-
sinated the Bishop of Liege, and ravaged Brabant, but
was defeated by the archduke Maximilian. lie then
made an alliance with Rene of Lorraine in order to re-
new the war. Maximilian captured him, and put him to
death in 1485. William de la Marck is a conspicuous
character in Scott's romance of "Quentin Durward."

Marck, de la, (RonERT,) COUNT, was master of the
duchy of Bouillon and of Sedan. He was an ally of
France in the war against the Austrians. He was driven
out of his dominions by the armies of Charles V., but
was restored by the treaty of Madrid, (1526.) Died in
1535. His son Robert became marshal of France. (See

Marco Calabrese, mar/ko ka-la-bRa'sl, an Italian
painter of the Neapolitan school, flourished from 1508
101541. His proper name was CARDISCO,

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters."

Marco da Faenza. See MARCHETrr, (MARCO.)

Marco da Forli. See PALMECIANI.

Marco Polo. See POLO.

Marco'ni, (WILLIAM,) an Italian electrical engi-
neer, born at Marzabotta, near Bologna, in 1875. He
became notable through the system of wireless
telegraphy which he invented, and which attracted the
attention of the world through its simplicity and suc-
cess. Messages were sent a distance of many miles at
a speed of about twenty words per minute. He visited
the United States, where successful experiments were
made by naval vessels.

Mar'cou, (JULES,) geologist, born at Salins,
France, in 1824. He did geological work in the Jura
Mountains, went to the United States in 1847, aided
Agassiz in the exploration of the Lake Superior
region, and performed much other geological work.
He became connected with the Museum of Compara-
tive Zoology at Cambridge in 1 86 1, and was in the
service of the government from 1875 ^^ near his
death, April 17, 1898. He published a number of
important works on North American geology, etc.

Marculfe, mar'kulf, a French monk, who is supposed
to have lived about 650 A.D. He formed a collection of
formulas of contracts, deeds, and public acts which were
used and approved in his time. This collection is valued
as a monument of French history and jurisprudence.

Mar'cus, [Fr. MARC, mtKk,) a native of Rome, was
elected Pope or Bishop of Rome, in place of Sylvester,
in 336 A.D. He died about nine months after his elec-
tion, and was succeeded by Julius I.

Marcus Aureliua. See AURELIUS ANTONINUS.

Mar'cus Grae'cus (gree'kus) passes fur the author
of a Latin work on the art of destroying enemies by fire,
(" Liber Ignium ad Coroburendos Hostes,") a manuscript
of which is said to be found in the Royal Library of
Paris. No ancient writer mentions him, and nothing is
known of his history. G. Fournier (of the "Biographie
Universelle") conjectures that he wrote near the close
of the thirteenth century, and thinks the "Liber Ignium"
is a rather bad version of a Greek original. "It is a
tissue of errors," he adds, "and a collection of recipes,
one or two of which give almost exactly the composition
of gunpowder."

Mar'cy, (OLIVER.) LL.D., an American instructor,
porn in Coleraine, Massachusetts. February 13, 1820.
He graduated at Wesleyan University in 1846. In 1862
he became professor of natural history in the University
at Evanston, Illinois, and acted as its president from
1876 to 1881. He was for some time a geologist in the
United States territorial surveys.

Mar'cy, (RANDOLPH B.,) an American general, born
in Massachusetts about 1812, graduated at West Point
in 1832. He became a captain in 1846, and colonel in
jS6l. He served as chief of staff of the army of the

Potomac in 1862, under General McClellan, wasbrevetted
brigadier-general and major-general in 1865, and became
inspector-general in 1878. Died November 22. 1887.

Marcy, (WILLIAM L.,) a distinguished American
statesman of the Democratic party, born at Southbridge,
Massachusetts, in 1786. Having graduated at Brown
University in iSoS, he studied law at Troy, New York.
He entered the army as lieutenant on the breaking out
of the war of 1812, and distinguished himself in several
engagements in Canada. About 1820 he became editor
of the "Troy Budget," a Democratic journal, and in 1823
was elected comptroller of the State. He became a
United States Senator in 1831, and was chosen Governor
of New York in 1832, 1834, and 1836. He was a candi-
date in 1838, but was defeated by Mr. Seward. He was
appointed by President Polk secretary of war in March,
1845, and displayed much ability in this position, which
was rendered more arduous by the occurrence of the
Mexican war. He retired from office in March, 1849,
after which he passed four years in private life. Ha
supported General Cass in the Presidential election of
1848, and was secretary of state in the cabinet of Presi-
dent Pierce from March 4, 1853, to March 4, 1857.
During this period he gained a high reputation as a
diplomatist. He died at Ballston Spa on the 4th of
July, 1857.

Mar-do'nl-us, [Gr. WapKi'tof,] an able Persian gen-
eral, was a son-in-law of Darius Hystaspes. In 492 B.C.
he commanded a large armament sent by Darius against
the Grecian states. Having lost a great part of his fleet
in a storm, he returned without success. In 481 he
held a high command in the expedition which Xerxes
led against the Greeks. After the Persians had been
defeated at Salamis, (480 B.C.,) Xerxes returned home,
leaving 300,000 men under Mardonius, who captured
Athens without much resistance. He was defeated and
killed at Plataea in 479 B.C. by the army of Pausanias.

Marduk, a great deity of the old Babylonians, iden-
tified by the Greeks with Zeus, but in many respects
resembling Mercury. The planet Mercury was also
called Marduk.

Mare, de la, deh IS miR, (NICOLAS,) a French magis-
trate, born near Paris in 1639. He wrote a " Treatise
on the Police," ("Traite de la Police," 4 vols., 1707-38.)
Died in 1723.

Mare, de la, (PHILIBERT,) a French historical writer
born at Dijon in 1615. He wrote "De BelloBurgundico,*
(1641,) and other works. Died in 1687.

Marichal, m J'ra'shil', (GEORGES,) a French surgeon,
born at Calais in 1658. He was appointed in 1703 first
surgeon to Louis XIV. He wrote several valuable treat-
ises on surgery. Died in 1 736.

Marechal, (LAURENT CHARLES,) a French painter
on glass, born at Metzin iSor, adorned many of the graml
churches of France with painted windows. Died in 1887.

Marechal, (PIERRE SYLVAIN,) a French littfratfur,
born in Paris in '75O, is said to have been an atheist.
He published a "Dictionary of Atheists," (1800,) and
many other works. His chief production is " Travels of
Pythagoras in Egypt, Chaldea, India," etc., ("Voyages
de Pythagore en Egypte," etc., 6 vols., 1799,) which dis-
plays much learning and research. Died in 1803.

Marenco, ma-ren'ko, (VINCENZO,) an Italian poet,
born near Mondovi in 1752. lie wrote "Osiris, sive De
Legum Origine," (1797.) and other poems. Died in 1813.

Marenzeo, mj-rln'ze-o, (LUCA,) an eminent Italian
composer, born at Brescia about 1550. His works are
principally madrigals, which are esteemed models of ten*
derness and harmony. Died in 1599.

Marescalchi, ma-res-kal'kee, (FERDINANDO,) an
Italian diplomatist, born at Bologna in 1764. He was
employed in 1803 to negotiate a treaty between the
Italian republic and the court of Rome. Died in 1816.

Marescalco, mi-res-kal'ko, (PiETRO,) sometimes
called LA SPADA, a painter of the Venetian school, born,
at Feltre, lived about 1500.

Marescot, de, deh mi'rJs^o', (ARMAND SAMUEL,)
COUNT, a skilful French military engineer, born at
Tours in 1758. He was appointed nrst inspector-general
by Bonaparte in iSco, and was made a count in 1804.
Died in 1831.

as; ^asj; ghard; $,asj;G,\l,K.,guttural; N, n,ual; v.,tri!Ud; sass; th as in this. (gJp-See Explanatjous, p. 33.)




Maresius. See DESMARETS, (SAMUEL.)

Marestier, mi'res'te-4', (JEAN BAPTISTE,)_ an able
French engineer and naval architect, born at Saint-Ser-
van about 1780. He constructed the first steamboat
used by the military marine for the service of seaports.

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 126 of 425)