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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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campaigns, and was made a colonel in 1689. He was
one of the founders of the Society of Sciences and Arts
at Bologna, (1712,) to which he gave a very valuable
scientific collection. He afterwards visited England,
where he acquired the friendship of Newton and Halley
and was chosen a Fellow of the Royal Society. He was
the author of "Physical History of the Sea," (1725,) a
description of the shores of the Danube, entitled " Danu-
bius Pannonico-Mysicus," etc., (1726, 7 vols. fol., finely
illustrated,) "The Military State of the Ottoman Em-
pire," (1732,) and other works. He had been elected
in 1725 a member of the Academy of Sciences, Paris.
Died in 1730.

Marsilio (maR-see'le-o) [Lat. MARSIL'IUS] OF PADUA,
an Italian jurist, sometimes called MENANDRINO, born
at Padua. He was patronized by the emperor Louis of
Bavaria, in whose favour he wrote his " Defensor Pads,"
an attack on the papacy, for which he was excommuni-
cated in 1327. Died in 1328.
Marsilius. See MARSILIO.
Marsilius Ficinus. See FICINO.
Marsin. See MARCHIN.

Marso, maR'so, [Lat. PISCI'NUS,] (PAOLO,) an Italian

savant, said to have been born at Piscina. He wrote a

commentary on the " Fasti" of Ovid, published in 1485,

and several Latin poems.

Marsollier, miR'so'le-i', (JACQUES,) a French writer,

east; g as s; g hard: g as/; G, H, K,gvttural; N, nasal; K,trilltd; sas; thasinMw. lJ=See Explanations, p. 23.1





born in Paris in 1647, was author of a " History of the
Inquisition and its Origin," (1693,) and several other
works. Died in 1724.

See NiciRON, "Me'moires."

Marsollier des Vivetieres, miR'so'le^i' d& vtv'-
te-aiR', (BENotx JOSEPH,) a French dramatist, born in
Pliris in 1750, produced numerous comic operas, which
had great popularity. Died in 1817.

Mars'tpn, (JOHN,) an English dramatist, was the
author of tragedies entitled "Antonio and Mellida,"
" Sophonisba," and "Antonio's Revenge," and several
comedies ; he was also associated with Ben Jonson and
Chapman in writing " Eastward, Ho !" His comedy of
" The Malecontent" is esteemed his best work ; but he
is said to have borrowed a great part of it from Webster.
Died in 1634.

Mar'stpn, (PHILIP BOURKE,) an English poet, a son
of Westland Marston, was born in London in 1850.
He early lost his sight, finally becoming totally blind.
In youth he became the devoted friend of Swinburne
and D. G. Rossetti, and later was intimate with Oliver
Madox Brown, a precocious artist His principal works
are "Song Tide," (1871,) "All in All," (1874.) and
" Wind Voices," (1883.) Died in 1887.

Marston, (WESTLAND,) an English poet and drama-
tist, born in Lincolnshire in 1819. He wrote "The
Patrician's Daughter," "The Heart and the World,"
and several other popular dramas. Dice Jun. 5, 1890.

MarBtrand, maR'strand, (WiLHELM NIKOLAS,) a
Danish painter, born at Copenhagen, December 24, 1810.
He became a professor and director in the Copenhagen
Art Academy, and was noted as a historical and genre
painter. Died March 20, 1873.

Marsupiua. See MARSUPPINI.

Marsuppini, maR-soop-pee'nee, [Lat. MARSU'PIUS,]
(CARLO,) an Italian scholar, sometimes called ARE-
TINO, born at Arezzo about 1399. He was appointed
professor of rhetoric at Florence in 1434, and secretary
of the Florentine republic in 1444. He translated into
Latin hexameter verse Homer's " Batrachomyomachia,"
and wrote a number of Latin poems. Died in 1453.

See TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italiana."

Mar'sus, (DOMITIUS,) a Roman poet under the reign
of Augustus, was a friend of Virgil and Tibullus. Among
his extant works is a poem entitled "Cicuta," and a
number of fragments have been collected by Broek-
huisen in his edition of Tibullus.

See WBICHBRT, " De Domitio Marso, Poeta."

Marsy, miR'se', (GASPARD and BALTHASAR,) brothers
and distinguished French sculptors, born at Cambray,
the former in 1625 and the latter in 1628. Among their
master-pieces are the figures of the Baths of Apollo,
representing the "Tritons showering the Horses of
the Sun," and the group of " Latona and her Children."
Both brothers were members of the Academy of Painting
and Sculpture. Balthasar died in 1674, and Gaspard
in 1681.

See LENOIR, "Muse"e des Monuments Fran^ais."

Marsy, de, deh. miR'se', (FRANCOIS MARIE,) a French
litterateur, born in Paris in 1714. He published, among
other works, a " History of Mary Stuart," and a Latin
poem entitled " Painting," (" Pictura,") which was much
admired. Died in 1763.

See LA HARPS, " Cours de Liue'rature."

Mar's^-as, [Gr. Mopo-tof,] a personage of the Greek
mythology, was called by some authors a Satyr, and a
eon of Olympus. According to tradition, he found a
flute which Minerva had thrown away, (because her
face was distorted by playing on it,) and challenged
Apollo to a trial of skill in music, on the condition
that the victor might do what he pleased with the van-
quished- Apollo gained the victory, and flayed Marsyas
alive. This story was a favourite subject of ancient
poets and artists.

Martainville, miR'taN'vel', (ALPHONSE Louis DIEU-
DONNE,) <a litterateur 3.nA journalist, of French extraction,
born at Cadiz in 1776. He became associate editor of
several political journals of Paris. He wrote a number
of bold and witty satires on the Jacobins, and several
popular comedies. Died in 1830.

Martange, de, deh miR'toNzh', (N. BONNET,) a
French general and writer, born at Beauce in 1722,
served in the Austrian army in the Seven Years' war.
He wrote several poems and tales. Died in 1806.


Martel, miR'teV, (FRANgois,) a French surgeon, bora
at Perigueux in 1549. He became first surgeon to Henry
IV. Died about 1610.

Martel, maR-tSK, (GERONIMO,) a Spanish historian,
wrote a valuable work entitled " Forma de celebrar
Cortes." He became royal historiographer in 1597.

Martel, (Louis JOSEPH,) a French statesman, born
at Saint-Omer in 1813. He was a Republican under the
monarchy, took his seat in the Assembly of 1849, but
retired after the coup d'etat, returning to the legisla-
ture in 1863. In 1871 he was a supporter of Thiers,
was elected vice-president of the Assembly, and was
made a life Senator on the formation of the Senate,
of which he became vice-president. He was minister
of public worship and justice in 1876, president of the
Senate in 1879, and retired in 1880. Died in 1892.

Marteliere, de la, deh 11 miRt'le-aiR', (PIERRE,) a
celebrated French lawyer, was born at Bellesme in
the sixteenth century. He published a number of
pleas, one of which, in favour of the University of Paris
against the Jesuits, was very much admired. Died
in 1631.

Martelli, maR-tel'lee, (Lunovico,) an Italian poet,
Dorn at Florence in 1499. He wrote lyric poems, and
" Tullia," a tragedy. Died in 1527.

See GINGUENK, " Histoire littrfraire d'ltalie."

Martelli or Martello, maR-tel'lo, (PlETRO GIACOMO,)
ui Italian littfrateur, born at Bologna in 1665. He wrote
poems and dramas, whicn were popular i.t the time.
Died in 1727.

See FABSONI, "Viue Italorum doctrina excellentium ; "Vita dl
Martelli," (written by himself.) in CALOGHRA'S " Raccolta." vol. ii.

Martelly, de, deh maVt&ne', (HoNORfi FRANCOIS
RICHARD,) a French actor and dramatist, born at A:* in
1751, published a comedy entitled "The Two Figaros,"
and other works. Died in 1817.

Martene, miR't&N', (Dom EDMOND,) a learned French
ecclesiastic, of the order of Benedictines, born in the
diocese of Dijon in 1654. In 1708 he visited the abbeys
and cathedrals of France, in order to procure materials
for a new edition of the " Gallia Christiana." He also
published a "Collection of Old Authors and Historical
Monuments," (1700,) in Latin, and, conjointly with his
friend Durand, " Literary Travels of Two Benedictines
of Saint-Maur," (1717.) Died in 1739.

See TASSIN, *' Histoire litteYaire de IL Congregation de Saint-

Martens, maR'tens, written also Mertens, [Lat
MARTI'NUS,] (THIERRY,) a Flemish printer, born at Alost
about 1450, is said to have introduced the art of printing
into the Netherlands. He exercised his profession at
his native town, and subsequently at Louvain and Ant-
werp. He printed in Roman characters, hitherto un-
known, and his editions of the classics were highly prized.
Martens was an intimate friend of Erasmus, who com-
posed a Latin epitaph upon him. Died in 1534.

Martens, von, fon maR'tens, (GEORG FRIEDRICH.)
a German jurist, born in Hamburg in 1756. Among his
works, which are chiefly written in French, we may name
his "Collection of Treaties," (1791,) and " Summary of
Modern European Law," (1821.) Died in 1821.

Martens, von, (KARL,) a nephew of the preceding,
was born about 1790. He was employed as a diplomatist
by the King of Prussia. He published, besides other
works in French, "Causes celebres du Droit de Gens,"
(1827,) and " Guide diplomatique," (1832.) Died in 1863.

Martensen, maR'ten-sen, (HANS LASSKN,) a Danish
theologian, born at Flensborg in 1808. He became
Bishop of Seeland in 1843, a "d court preacher at Copen-
hagen in 1845. His principal works are "Christian
Baptism," "A Plan for a System of Moral Philosophy,"
and a treatise on Christian Doctrine. Died Feb. 4, 1884.

Mar'tha, [Gr. Mopfla ,- Fr. MARTHE, mfRt,] a sister of
Mary and Lazarus of Bethany.

See John xi. : Luke x.

a. e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fat; m?t; n&t; good; moon:




Mar'tha, (BENJAMIN CONSTANT,) a French his-
torian, born at Strasburg in 1820. He studied in the
Ecole Normale, and became a professor in 1865 at the
Sorbonne, Paris. His chief works, " Les Moralistes
sous 1'Empire Romain" and " Le Poeme de Lucrece,"
were crowned by the Academy. Died in 1895.

Marthe, mint, (ANNE Biget be'zhi',) a French
nun, called SISTER MARTHA, born at Besar^on in 1749,
devoted herself during the Revolution to the relief of the
sick and wounded, and of prisoners of all nations. Died
in 1824.

Marti, maR'tee, [Lat. MARTI'NUS,! (MANUEL,) a
Spanish scholar and poet, born near Valencia in 1663.
He published a collection of poems, entitled " Amalthea
Geographica," and made several translations from the
Latin. Died in 1737.

Martial, mar'she^l, [Fr. MARTIAL, mtR'se'aT ; Lat
MARTIA'LIS ; It. MARZIALE, maRt-se-a'14,] or, more fully,
Mar'cus Vale'rius Martia'lia, a famous Latin epi-
grammatic poet, born at Bilbilis, in Spain, about 40 A.D.,
went to Rome at the age of twenty-two, and resided there
thirty-five years. The events of his life are very imper-
fectly known ; but it appears that he devoted his atten
tion chiefly to poetry. Some epigrams which he wrote
on the occasion of the public spectacles given by Titus
about the year 80, procured him the favour of that prince.
He was also patronized by Domitian, who made him a
tribune and a Roman knight. He was intimate with
Juvenal, Quintilian, and Pliny the Younger. About 98
A.D. he returned to his native place, where he died a few
years later. Fourteen books of his " Epigrams" are still
extant, and are much admired by some eminent critics,
such as Scaliger, Lipsius, and Malte-Brun. The latter
thinks his writings are among the most interesting monu-
ments of Roman literature, though many of them offend
against good taste and pure morality. Probably no poet
ever estimated his works more justly than he did in the
following line :

" Sunt bona, sunt quxdam mediocria, sunt plura mala."
("Some are good, some indifferent, and more are bad.")

See CRUSIUS, " Life of Martial," in " Lives of the Roman Poets,"
1726: LESSING, "Vermischte Schriften;" A. PisiCAUD, " Essai sur
Martial," 1816: FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Latina;" "M. V. Mar-
lialis als Mensch und Dichter," Berlin, 1843 ; " Martial and his
Times," in the "Westminster Review" for April, 1853.

Martial d'Auvergne. See AUVERGNE, D', (MAR-

Martialis. See MARTIAL.

Martianay, mtR'se'JPnS', (Dom JEAN,) a French
Benedictine monk and theological writer, born in 1647 ;
died in 1717., dehmtR'ten'yik', (TIENNE ALGAY,)
a French litterateur, born at Brives-la-Gaillarde about
1620. He published " Memoirs of Gaston, Duke of
Orleans," and made translations from Horace, Juvenal,
and other classics. Died in 1698.

VICOMTE, an able and eloquent French statesman under
Charles X., was born at Bordeaux in 1776. He was
elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1821. As the
head of the ministry that came into power in January,

1828, he held the office of minister of the interior, and
sought to unite conflicting parties for the support of the
throne ; but, unable to effect this object, and forsaken by
the king and the court, he resigned his place in August,

1829, and was succeeded by Polignac. On the trial of
the latter, Martignac became his eloquent defender
in the Chamber of Peers. He died in 1832, leaving a
"Historical Essay on the Spanish Revolution," and
other works.

Martigny, maVten'ye', (JOSEPH ALEXANDRA) ABB,
a French archaeologist, born at Sauverny, April 22, 1808,
published a celebrated "Dictionnaire des Antiquite's
Chretiens,'' (1865; enlarged, 1877.) Died in 1880.

favoured that sect, to the Thracian Chersonesus, where
he died in 655 A.D.

Martin IX, or Marinua I., succeeded John VIII. ai
pope in 882 A.D. Died in 884, and was succeeded by
Adrian III.

Martin HI., or Marinus II., born at Rome, suc-
ceeded Stephen VIII. in 942, and died in 946. His
successor was Agapetus II.

Martin IV., (Cardinal SIMON de Brion deh
bRe'6N', (or Brie bRe,)) a native of Touraine, in France,
succeeded Nicholas III. in 1281. He adhered to the
cause of Charles of Anjou, and when, after the Sicilian
Vespers, that sovereign lost his power in Sicily, Martir
excommunicated Peter of Aragon, who had been chosen
king of that country. He died in 1285, and was sue
ceeded by Honorius IV.

Martin V. (Cardinal OTHO Colonna ko-lon'na)
was elected pope in 1417, in the place of John XXIIL,
deposed by the Council of Constance. In 1431 he
called a council at Bftle, in Switzerland, for the purpose
of effecting a reform in the Church, and sent Cardinal
Julian Cesarini as his legate. He died soon after.

Martin, son of Martin, King of Aragon, ascended
the throne of Sicily in 1399. He married in 1401, as his
second wife, Blanche, daughter of the King of Navarre.
He died in 1409, and the kingdom of Sicily was united
to that of Aragon by his father, who survived him.

Martin, surnamed GALLUS, a French ecclesiastic of
the thirteenth century, was a missionary to Poland, and
wrote a history of that country, (" Chronica Polonorum,")
a valuable work, and the earliest one written on that

Mar'tin, (ALEXANDER,) born in New Jersey about
1740, served as a colonel in the war of the Revolution,
and was chosen Governor of North Carolina in 1782.
Died in 1807.

Martin, miR'taN', (ANDRfi,) a French ecclesiastic,
born in Poitou in 1621. He was one of the earliest
advocates of the Cartesian philosophy, and wrote
" Christian Moral Philosophy," (" Philosophia Moralis
Christiana.") Died in 1695.

Martin, (ARTHUR PATCHELL,) an English author,
born at Woolwich in 1851. He went early in life to
Australia and resided at Melbourne till 1882. His
writings consist of fiction, poems, history, etc.

Mar'tin, (BENJAMIN,) an English mathematician, born
in Surrey in 1704. He was the author of "The Philo-
sophical Grammar," (1735.) "New System of Optics,"
(1740,) and other scientific works. Died in 1782.

Martin, (BENJAMIN NICHOLAS,) D.D., LL.D., an
American scholar, born at Mount Holly, New Jersey,
October 20, 1816. He graduated at Yale College in
1837 and at Yale Divinity School in 1840, held various
Congregational and Presbyterian pastorates, and was
professor of philosophy and logic in the University of
the City of New York, 1852-83. He made large con-
tributions to current periodical and review literature.
Died in New York, December 26, 1883.

Martin, (BON Louis HENRI,) an eminent French
historian, born at Saint-Quentin in 1810. He has pub-
lished a " History of France from the Earliest Times to
1789," (18 vols., 1838-53; revised edition, 1855-60,)
"Monarchy in the Seventeenth Century," (1848,) a
"Life of Daniel Manin," (1859,) "Russia and Europe,"
(1866,) "Studies in Celtic Archaeology," (1871,) "The
Napoleons and the Frontiers of France," (1874,) etc.
He was elected Senator in 1871, and in 1878 became a
member of the Academy. Died December 14, 1883.

man jurist, born near Gb'ttingen in 1772, was the author
of several legal works. Died in 1857.

Martin, (CLAUDE,) a French soldier, born at Lyons in

IICllcllS, I1OUS i CI11HI titu, *u / / . / *^rit.vj in iww< . _ - -. - - ,

Martigues, miR'teg', (S6BASTIEN DE LUXEMBOURG,) 73z- He accompanied General Lally to Ind.a, and sub-

VISCOUNT, a brave French officer, who assisted at the sequentlv entered the_English service. Having amassed

siege of Metz, (1552,) and in the capture of Calais by a large fortune, he built a magnificent palace near Luck-

the Duke of Guise, (1558.) He was killed in 1569. " w -. He died in 1800, leaving numerous bequests for

Mar'tin [Lat. MARTI'NUS] I. succeeded Theodore as i charitable purposes.

pope in 649 A.D. Having condemned the Monothelites, Martin, (DAVID,) a French Protestant theologian,

he was banished by the emperor Constans II., who born at Revel in 1639. He published a " History ol

tasA; casx; %kard; gasy'/G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; ^trilled; sasz; thasinMw. (jgp=See Explanations, p. 23.)




the Old and New Testament," "Treatise on Natural
Religion," and other works, which enjoy a high reputa-
tion. Died in 1721.

Martin, (FRANC.OIS XAVIER,) LL.D., born at Mar-
seilles, France, in 1764, emigrated about 1785 to North
Carolina, and subsequently settled in Louisiana. He
attained a high reputation as a jurist, and published His-
tories of Louisiana and North Carolina. Died in 1846.

Martin, (GREGORY,) an English Catholic theologian,
was a native of Sussex. He became professor of Hebrew
at Douai, and subsequently at Rheims. His principal
work is an English translation of the Bible, which
appeared in 1610. Died in 1582.

Martin, (H^MER DODGE,) an American artist,
born at Albany, New York, in 1836. He was self-
taught in painting, and had a picture exhibited at the
Academy of Design when twenty years of age. He
had a studio in New York for many years, and after-
wards lived long abroad, winning a high reputation
for the poetic feeling and richness and mellowness
of color in his landscapes, which generally dealt with
the more sombre aspects of nature. Died in 1897.

Martin, (Lady HELEN,) an English actress, the wife
of Sir Theodore Martin, was born in 1816, and is best
known, under her maiden name, as HELEN FAUCIT. She
went upon the stage in 1836, and very soon took high
rank as an actress of great power and versatility. She
published charming studies " On Some of Shakspeare's
Female Characters" in 1885. Died in 1898.

Martin, (HENRY NEWELL,) a distinguished biolo-
gist, born at Newry, Ireland, July i, 1848. He studied
at University College, London, and Christ College,
Cambridge, in 1876 became professor of biology in
the Johns Hopkins University at Baltimore, and in
1883 delivered the Croonian Lecture before the Royal
Society of London. He assisted in preparing Huxley's
"Elementary Biology," (1876,) and published "The
Human Body," (1881 ; abridged edition, 1883.) With
W. A. Moale, he prepared the " Hand-Book of Verte-
brate Dissection," (1881-84.) Died Oct. 27, 1896.

Martin, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French painter, sur-
named DBS BATAILLES, ("of battles,") born at Paris
in 1659. On the death of Van der Meulen, in 1690,
he was appointed by Louis XIV. to paint his battles.
Died in 1735.

Martin, (JOHN,) an English painter, born in North-
umberland in 1789. He studied under Bonifacio Musso,
and in 1815 obtained the prize at the British Institution
for his picture of " Joshua commanding the Sun to stand
still." This was followed by "The Fall of Babylon,"
(1818,) " Belshazzar's Feast," (1821,) "The Deluge,"
(1826,) "The Fall of Nineveh," (1828,) and other
works on similar subjects, which enjoyed great tem-
porary popularity. He published in 1828 "A Plan for
supplying with Pure Water the Cities of London and
Westminster." Died in 1854.

Martin, (Louis AIMK,) a French litttrattur, born at
Lyons in 1781, became professor of rhetoric, history,
etc. in the Polytechnic School, Paris, about 1815. He was
an intimate friend of Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, whose
widow he married. Among his principal works are his
"Letters to Sophia on Physics, Chemistry," etc., (1810,)
"Collection of Tales, etc. in Verse and Prose," (1813,)
and an "Essay on the Life and Works of Bernardin de
Saint-Pierre," (1820.) Died in 1847.

Martin, (LuTHER,) an American lawyer, born about
'745- He was a delegate from Maryland to the conven-
tion which in 1787 formed the Constitution of the United
States. In this body he advocated the sovereignty and
equality of the States, contending that a small State
should send as many members to Congress as a large
State. Died in 1826.

Martin, (MARGARET MAXWELL,) born at Dumfries,
Scotland, in 1807, emigrated to America, and was mar-
ried in 1836 to the Rev. William Martin, a Methodist
divine. She published " Methodism, or Christianity in
Earnest," and other religious works. Died in 189^.

Martin, (NICOLAS,) a French poet, born at Bonn, in
Prussia, in 1814. His mother was a sister of Karl Sim-

rock the poet. Among his works is " Le Presbytire,
fipopee domestique," (1856.) Died in 1877.

Martin, (PIERRE,) an admiral, of French extraction,
born in Canada in 1752. In 1795 he maintained a
prolonged fight with a superior English fleet under
Hotham, and was soon after made vice-admiral. Died
in 1820.

Martin, (ROBERT MONTGOMERY,) an English writer,
born in Tyrone county, Ireland, about 1803. He published,
besides other works, "The Colonies of the British Em-
pire," (1834-38,) and "The Indian Empire: its History,
Topography," etc., (1858-61.) Died in 1870.

Martin, [LaL MARTI'NUS,] SAINT, an eminent eccle-
siastic of the fourth century, was a native of Pannonia.
He was converted to Christianity at an early age, and
was made Bishop of Tours about 360 A. D. He founded
the abbey of Marmoutier, near the river Loire, and he
also established a monastery at Liguge\ near Poitiers,
said to be the oldest institution of the kind in France.
Died about 396.

See GERVAISE, "Vie de Saint-Martin," 1699; MRS. JAMESON,
" Sacred and Legendary Art ;" A. DUPUY, " Histoire de Saint
Martin," 1852.

Martin, SAINT, born in Hungary, became Archbishop
of Braga, in Portugal, and founded a number of monas-
teries in Galicia. He was the author of several theo-
logical works, in Latin. Died in 580 A.D.

Martin, (SARAH,) an English philanthropist, born near
Yarmouth in 1791, was distinguished for her labours in
the cause of prison-reform. Died in 1843.

Martin, (THEODORE,) a British writer, born in Edin-
burgh in 1816. He became a resident of London about
1846. In conjunction with Professor Aytoun, he pro-
duced a version of Goethe's poems and ballads, (1858,)
and a book of humorous verse entitled "The Bon Gaul-
tier Ballads." He also translated various works of Hor-
ace, Heine, Oehlenschlager, Hendrik Hertz, Catullus,
etc., and wrote a " Life of the Prince Consort," and a
" Life of Lord Lyndhurst," (1884.) In 1875 he was made
an LL.D. of Edinburgh, and in iSSo he was knighted.

Martin, (THOMAS,) an English antiquary, born in
Suffolk in 1697. He was the author of a " History of
Thetford," published after his death by Gough, (1779,)
and was a contributor to Le Neve's " Monumenta Angli-
cana." Died in 1771.

Martin, (THOMAS HENRI,) a French philosopher,
born at Bellesme, in Orne, in 1813. His "Studies on
the Timasus of Plato" (2 vols., 1841) obtained a prize of
the French Academy. He also published a "History
of the Physical Sciences in Antiquity," (2 vols., 1849.)
Died at Rennes in 1884.

American reformer, born at Homer, Ohio, in 1838.
She married twice, her last husband being John R.
Martin, of Overbury Court, England. Her career
was a varied one, she being successively a banker in
New York, an editor, a lecturer on woman suffrage
and other reform movements, candidate of the Equal
Rights party for President of the United States, and
editor of the " Humanitarian Magazine," London.
She has lectured widely and published a number of

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 131 of 425)