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the college of that town, and became a priest of the
Oratory. After professing belles-lettres and theology at
Montbrison and Vienne, and pronouncing some funeral
orations, he was called to Paris in 1696 to direct the
Seminary of Saint-Magloire. His talent was gradually
developed by the ecclesiastic conferences which he com-
posed at this period. He admired the austere eloquence
of Bourdaloue, but chose for himself a different style,
characterized by profound pathos and an insight into
the most secret motives of the human heart. In 1699
he preached at Paris the Lent sermon, which was warmly
applauded. The same year he was chosen to preach the
Advent at court, on which occasion Louis XIV. said to
him, " I have heard many great orators and been pleased
with them ; but after hearing you I am displeased with
myself." The death of Bossuet and Bourdaloue, in
1704, left him at the head of French pulpit orators. In
this year he again preached before Louis XIV., whose
funeral oration he pronounced in 1715. He was ap-
pointed Bishop of Clermont in 1717, and preached before
the young king the Lent sermon called " Petit-Careme,"
which is esteemed his master-piece. His diction is noble,
simple, and unaffected. Voltaire kept a volume of his
sermons constantly on his desk, as a model of eloquence.
Massillon was admitted into the French Academy in
1719. In the government of his diocese he was moderate,
charitable, and conciliatory. He died in 1742. His pub-
lished works consist of Sermons, Ecclesiastical Con-
ferences, Paraphrases of certain Psalms, Letters, etc.
Voltaire thought him " the preacher who best understood
the world, whose eloquence savoured of the courtier,
the academician, the wit, and the philosopher."

See LA HARPE, " Cours de Litt^rature ;" MAURV, " loquenci
de la Chaire ;" F. THEREMIN. "Demosthenes und Massillon," 1845;
D'ALHMBERT, " Eloge de Massillon :" SAINTE-BEUVE, " Causeries
du Lundi ;" TALBERT, " loge de Massillon," 1773 ; " Nouvella
Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Massimiliano. See MAXIMILIAN.

Massimo. See MAXIMUS.

Mas'sin-ger, (PHILIP,) an eminent English dramatic
poet, was born at Salisbury in 1584. In his eighteenth
year he entered Saint Alban's Hall, Oxford, supported
by the Earl of Pembroke. Here, according to Anthony
Wood, " he spent his time in reading poetry and ro-
mances instead of logic and philosophy, which he ought
to have done, as he was patronized to that end." He
became a resident of London about 1606, and assisted
Fletcher in the composition of several dramas. The
first production of Massinger was the " Virgin Martyr,"
(1622.) Eighteen of his dramas are extant, mostlj
tragedies and tragi-comedies. Among the most admired
are "The City Madam," "The Maid of Honour,"
" A New Way to Pay Old Debts," and " The Fatal
Dowry." The latter has given to Rowe the outline of
the " Fair Penitent." Massinger's dramas are remark
ably free from profanity ; and the coarseness which dis-
figures some of them is probably to be attributed to his
coadjutors. He is said to have been the only dramatist



as k: c as s: g hard: gas /: o, H. K. ^itftuml ' : N, nasal : R, trilled: sas z: th as in this,



Explanations, p. 23. 1



MASSMANN



1678



MA TELIEF



of that time who rejected the doctrine o" the divine right
of kings. Died in 1640.

See DAVIBS, "Some Account of the Life and Writings of P.
Massinger," 1789; "Lives of the British Dramatists," by CAMf-
BELL, LEIGH HUNT, etc

Massmann, mas'man, (HANS FERDINAND,) a Ger-
man scholar, born at Berlin in 1797. He published an
edition of the "Explanation of the Gospel of Saint
John" in Gothic. Died August 3, 1874.

Massolino, da, da mas-so-lee'no, (PANICALE, pi-ne-
ka'14,) an Italian painter, born near Florence in 1378.
His master-pieces are the pictures in the chapel of San
Pietro al Carmine, representing leading incidents in the
life of Saint Peter. He numbered among his pupils the
r.elebrated Masaccio. Died in 1415'

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters," etc.

Masson. See LATOMUS.

Maason, mi"s6N', (ANTOINE,) a French engraver,
born near Orleans in 1636. He excelled particularly in
representing colour and the different textures of objects.
His print of the "Disciples at Emmaus," after Titian, is
esteemed one of his master-pieces, though not free from
a fantastic style of executing the hair, peculiar to himself.
Masson was also a painter, and his engravings from his
own portraits, as well as from those of other artists,
are greatly admired, many of them representing the
most distinguished men of that time. He was engraver-
in-ordinary to the king. Died in 1702.

His daughter, MADELINE MASSON, born in 1666, was
a skilful imitator of her father's style, and executed the
portraits of Maria Theresa, the Duchess d'Alen$on, and
several others.

See DUMESNIL, " Le Peintre-Graveur Francais."

Masson, (AUGUSTE MICHEL BENotr GAUDICHOT,) a
French novelist, born in Paris in 1800; died in 1883.

Masson, (JAMES.) See LATOMUS.

Masson, (CHARLES FRANCOIS PHII.IBERT,) a French
litterateur, born in Franche-Comte' in 1762. He was a
member of the Institute of France. He wrote "Me-
moirs of Russia," (3 vols., 1800-02,) and a poem entitled
"The Helvetians." Died in 1807.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Mas'spn, (DAVID,) a Scottish critic and littlrattur,
born at Aberdeen in 1822, became a contributor to " Fra-
ser's Magazine" and the " North British" and " Quarterly
Reviews" and other publications. In 1859 he became
editor of " Macmillan's Magazine," and in 1865 was ap-
pointed professor of rhetoric and English literature in
the University of Edinburgh. His principal works are
"The Life and Times of Milton," (6 vols., 1858-80,)
"British Novelists and their Styles," (1859,) "Critical
and Biographical Essays," " Drummond of Hawthorn-
den," (1873,) " Tne Three Devils : Luther's, Milton's,
and Goethe's," (1874,) " Chatterton, a Story of the Year
1770," and " Edinburgh Sketches and Memoirs," (1892.]

Masson, (FRANCIS,) a distinguished Scottish botanist,
born at Aberdeen in 1741. About 1771 he visited the
Cape of Good Hope, where he made a valuable collec-
tion of plants for the Kew Gardens. He died in Canada
in 1805. He left an admirable work entitled " Stapeliae
novae," in folio, with 41 coloured plates.

Masson, (FRANCOIS,) a French sculptor, born in Nor-
mandy in 1745. Among his master-pieces are several
groups in the garden of the Tuileries, the bas-reliefs of
the Pantheon, the sculptures on the tomb of Vauban,
and an exquisite figure of Flora. Died in 1807.

See REGNAULT, " Notice historique sur Francois Masson."

Masson, (JEAN,) a French littfrattur and Protestant
divine, born about 1680, wrote the Lives of Horace and
Ovid, and several antiquarian treatises. Died in 1750.

Masson, (JEAN Papire pfpeR',) [Lat. PAPIR'IUS
MASSO'NUS,] a French writer, born at Saint-Germain-
Laval in 1544. He became an advocate of Parliament in
1576. He was the author of " Annals of France," (1577,)
a " Description of the Rivers of France," (1618,) and a
collection of biographies of eminent persons, entitled
" Elogia." Masson was a friend of the historian De
Thou, who has written his Life. Died in 1611.

See DE THOU, " Vita P. Massoni ;" NICERON, " Mimoires."

Masson de Pezay. See PEZAY.



Massooa or Massoua, mSs'soo'a, written also Ma-
sua and Meaue, a celebrated Arabian savant, who waa
physician to the caliph Haroun-al-Raschid.

Massuet, mt'su-4', (PIERRE,) a learned French phy-
sician, born near Sedan in 1698, studied under the
celebrated Boerhaave. He wrote several historical
treatises. Died in 1776.

Massuet, (RENE,) a learned French ecclesiastic, born
in Normandy in 1666. On the death of Mabillon and
Ruinart, he wrote a continuation of the " Annals of the
Benedictine Order." He also published an excellent
edition of the works of Saint Irenzus. Died in 1716.

Mastelletta. See DONDUCCI.

Mas'ters, (ROBERT,) an English divine and antiquary,
born in 1713, published a "History of the College of
Corpus Christi," (1753,) and other works. He was a
Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. Died in 1798.

Masters, (THOMAS,) an English poet, born in Glou-
cestershire about 1600. He was a h~>nd of Lord Her-
bert of Cherbury, whom he is said to have assisted in
some of his writings. He wrote a Greek poem on the
" Passion of Christ," and other works. Died in 1643.

Mastlin or Maestlin, mjst-leen', (MICHAEL,) a Ger-
man astronomer, born in Wiirtemberg about 1550. He
passed a portion of his early life in Italy, where he asso-
ciated with Galileo. Having returned home, he was
appointed professor of mathematics at Tubingen, where
he was the tutor and generous friend of Kepler. He
accepted the Copernican theory. He was author of
" Thesis de Eclipsibus," " Epitome Astronomije," ( 1 597,)
and other works. Hallam designates him as "the illus-
trious master of Kepler." Died in 1590 or 1631.

See KXsTNBR, " Geschichte der Mathematik ;" Vossius, "De
Scientiis Mathematicis."

Mastropetro, mis-tRo-pa'tRO, (ORio,) was elected
Doge of Venice in 1179. He abdicated in 1191, and
retired to a monastery, and was succeeded by the cele-
brated Dandolo.

Masucci, ml-soot'chee, (AGOSTINO,) an Italian
painter, born at Rome in 1691, was a pupil of Carlo
Maratta. Among his master-pieces is a " Holy Family."
Died in 1758.

Masuccio, mi-soot'cho, L, an Italian architect and
sculptor, born at Naples in 1230. He built the church
of San Domenico Maggiore, and completed that of Santa
Mariadel Nuova, begun by Giovanni Pisano. Died in 1305.

Masuccio U., (TOMMASO DE' STEFANI,) a pupil of the
preceding, was born in 1291. Among his works are the
castle of Saint Ermo, and the church of San Lorenzo
at Naples. He also executed sculptured monuments of
great merit. Died in 1338.

See CICOGNARA, "Storia della Scultura."

Masudi or Al-Masudi See MASOODEE.

Mat, or Ma-t, in the old Egyptian mythology, the
wife of Thoth, and daughter of the sun. In her hall the
dead are judged. She is the goddess of truth.

Matali, ma'ta-11, in the Hindoo mythology, the chariot-
eer of Indra.

See WtLLlAMs's translation of " Sakoontala," Act vi.

Matani, ma-ti'nee, (ANTONIO,) a learned Italian phy-
sician, born at Pistoia in 1730. He was a corresponding
member of the Royal Society of London. He published
a treatise " On the Figure of the Earth," and several
medical works. Died in 1779.

See TIPALDO, " Biografia degli Italian! illustri."

Match/am, (GEORGE,) an English traveller, born in
1755, published a "Journey from Aleppo to Bagdad
across the Arabian Desert" Died in 1833.

Matejko, ma-ta'e-ko, QAN ALOYSIUS,) a Polish artist,
born at Cracow, July 30, 1838. He studied painting with
the best masters in Cracow, Munich, and Vienna. Hia
most noted pictures illustrate scenes in Polish history.
He published an extensive collection representing Polish
costumes from 1200 to 1795. Died in 1893.

Matelief, ma'teh-leef .(CoRNELls,) a Dutch navigator,
born about 1570, was sent in 1605 as commander of a
squadron to the East Indies, for the purpose of opposing
the Portuguese and of opening relations with China and
Japan. He died about 1628, and an account of his voy-
age was published at Amsterdam, (1705.)



i. e, 1, 5, u, y, long; i, , 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat; mjt; not; good; moon;



At A TERN A



1679



MATHIEU



Materna, ma-teit'na, (AMALIE,) (known as Frau
FRIEDRICH MATERNA,) a German vocalist, born at
Sankt Georgen, Styria, in 1847. After a few years spent
in operetta at the minor theatres, she made her debut in
Vienna as " Selika" in the opera of " L'Africaine,"
(1869,) and at once established her position as one of
the leading German soprano-singers.

Maternus. See FIRMICUS.

Matham, ma'tSm, (JACOB,) a Dutch engraver, born
at Haarlem in 1571, was a pupil of Henry Goltzius.
Died in 1631.

Matham, (THEODORUS,) son of the preceding, born
at Haarlem in 1589, engraved a number of portraits, and
Kveral historical pieces of great merit. Died in 1677.

Math'er, (COTTON,) D.D., a celebrated American
theologian and writer, born at Boston in 1663, was a son
of Increase Mather, noticed below. He was ordained
s a minister in 1684, and preached in Boston. Among
his principal works are "The Wonders of the Invisible
World," (1693,) "Magnalia Christ! Americana, or
The Ecclesiastical History of New England," (1702,)
"Essays to do Good," (1710,) "Psalterium America-
num," (1718,) "The Christian Philosopher," (1721,) and
" Illustrations of the Sacred Scriptures," (in manuscript)
His character exhibits a remarkable compound of ardent
piety, (which, however, was not without a tincture of
self-conceit,) uncommon activity, and force of intellect
joined to a credulity which, even in that age, had
scarcely any parallel among educated men. From the
first he was eager to bring to trial and punishment those
supposed to be guilty of witchcraft, and, when others
began clearly to see the folly and injustice of these cruel
persecutions, he earnestly, though vainly, strove to stein
the reaction in the popular mind. Died in 1728.

Mather, (INCREASE,) son of Richard Mather, a non-
conformist divine who removed from Lancashire to New
England, was born at Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1635.
He was sent about 1685 to England as agent of the
province for th; redress of grievances. He published,
among other works, an " Essay on Remarkable Provi-
dences." Died in 1723.

Mather, ( MARGARET,) actress, born near Toronto,
Canada, in 1859. She made her first appearance on
the stage as Cordelia in "King Lear" in 1878, and
engaged in a starring tour in 1882. Her final en-
gagement was as Imogen in " Cymbeline" at Wai-
lack's Theatre, New York, in 1897. Died April 7,
1898.

Matoer, (MOSES,) D.D., a relative of Increase
Mather, born at Lyme, Connecticut, in 1719. He
was the author of a " Systematic View of Divinity,"
and other works. Died in 1806.

Mather, (RICHARD HENRY,) D.D., an American
scholar, born at Binghamton, New York, February 12,
1835. He graduated at Amherst College in 1855, studied
at Berlin University, and in 1864 became professor of
Greek at Amherst. Besides a "Manual of Sculpture,"
he published several Greek texts. Died April 16, 1890.

Mathers, (HELEN B.) See REEVES.

Matheson. See MATTHESON.

Math'e-son, (GEORGE,) D.D.,a Scottish divine, born
at Glasgow, March 27, 1842. Though blind, he grad-
uated with high honours at Glasgow University, and in
r866 became a minister of the Scottish national kirk.
He published " Aids to the Study of German Theology,"
(1874,) "Growth of the Spirit of Christianity," (1877,)
" My Aspirations," and other religious works.

Math'ew, (Rev. THEOBALD,) th: celebrated Apostle
of Temperance, a Catholic priest, born in the county
of Tipperary, Ireland, in 1790. He was appointed after
his ordination to a missionary charge at Cork, where hs
established a charitable association on the model of that
of Saint Vincent de Paul. About 1838 he became presi-
dent of a temperance society, and in a few months admin-
istered the pledge to 150,000 persons in Cork alone.
He afterwards visited different parts of Ireland, the cities
of London, Manchester, and Liverpool, and the United
States of America, being everywhere received with en-
thusiasm. For these eminent services in the cause of



religion and morality, Queen Victoria bestowed upon
Father Mathew an annuity of ,500. Died in 1856.

See "Father Mathew, a Biography," by I. F. MAGUIBE: P. M.
MOKKIS, "Memoirs of the Life of Theobald Mathew," New York,
1841: I. S. HBNSHAW, " Life of Father Mathew," New York, 1849;
"Biographical Sketches," by'HARRiHT MARTINRAU, 1869: " Fra-
ser's Magazine" for January, 1841.

Math'ewa, (CHARLES,) a celebrated English come-
dian, born in London in 1776. Having visited the United
States in 1822, he brought out on his return his enter-
tainment entitled "A Trip to America," which obtained
great popularity. He was distinguished for his extraor-
dinary talent for imitation, in the exercise of which he
was seldom if ever ill-natured or offensive. He died in
1836, leaving "Memoirs" of his life, which were finished
by his widow, (4 vols., 1839.)

See " Fraser's Magazine" for March, 1836; " Blackwood's Maga-
zine" for December, 1839.

Mathews, (CHARLES JAMES,) an English comedian,
a son of the preceding, was born in 1803. He mar-
ried Madame Vestris in 1838, and, after her death, in
1857, another actress, Mrs. Davenport. He produced
several dramas, among which is "My Wife's Mother/'
(1833.) Died June 24, 1878.

Math'ews, (CORNELIUS,) a distinguished American
littiratcur and journalist, born at Port Chester, New
York, in 1817. Having previously contributed numerous
articles in prose and verse to the "American Monthly
Magazine," " New York Review," and "Knickerbocker
Magazine," he published, in 1839, " Behemoth, a Legend
of the Mound-Builders." Among his other works may
be named "The Politicians," a comedy, (1840,) "Poems
on Man in the Republic," (1843,) " Witchcraft," a tragedy,
(1846,) "Money-penny, or the Heart of the World,"
(1850.) and a comedy entitled "False Pretences," (1856.)
Mr. Mathews was a zealous advocate of Internationa!
copyright. Died March 25, 1889.

See DUVCKINCK, " Cyclopaedia of American Literature," voL it.;
GRISWOLD, "Prose Writers of America."

Mathews, (GEORGE,) an American jurist, born near
Staunton, Virginia, in 1774, removed to Louisiana, where
he was appointed presiding justice of the supreme court.
Died in 1836.

Mathews, (WILLIAM,) LL.D., an American author,
born at Waterville, Maine, July 28, 1818. He graduated
in 1835 at Waterville College, and in 1839 at the Har-
vard Law School. He was professor of rhetoric and
English literature in the University of Chicago from
1862 to 1875. His principal books are "Getting on in
the World," (1872,) "The Great Conversers," (1874,)
"Words, their Use and Abuse," (1876,) "Monday
Chats," from Sainte-Beuve, (1877,) "Hours with Men
and Books," (1877,) "Oratory and Orators," (1879,) and
"Literary Style," etc., (1881.) His works have had a
large sale both in Europe and in America.

Mathias, ma-thi'as, (THOMAS JAMES,) an English lit-
tfrateur, born about 1757, wrote a poem entitled " Pursuits
of Literature," (1794,) " Runic Odes," and other English
works ; also a number of poems in Italian. He died at
Naples in 1835. He translated Milton's "Lycidas" into
Italian.

Mathieu, mi'te-uh', (ADOLPHE CHARLES GHISLAIN,)
a Belgian poet and journalist, born at Mons in 1804, pub-
lished numerous works. Died Tune 13, 1876.

Mathieu, mi'te-uh', (ANSEL'ME,) a French (Proven-
cal) poet of the class styledy?/#r, was born at Chateau-
neuf-du-Pape about 1830. He studied law at Aix. His
principal work is " Farandoulo." Died in 1895.

Mathieu, mi'te-uh', (CLAUDE Louis,) a French
mathematician and astronomer, born at Macon in 1784.
He was elected to the Academy of Sciences in 1817.
He was a brother-in-law of Francis Arago. Died 1875.

Mathieu de la Redorte, mi'te-uh' deh li reh-doRt',
(DAVID MAURICE JOSEPH,) CoMTiCa French general,
born at Saint- Affrique in 1768. He became general
of division in 1799, and peer of France in 1819. H
married Mademoiselle Clery, a sister of Joseph Bona-
parte's wife. Died in 1833.

Mathieu de Dombasle, mf'te-uh' deh d6N'bil',
(CHRISTOPHE JOSEPH ALEXANDRE,|~a French agricul-
tural writer, born at Nancy in 1777 ; died in 1843.



*.- casj; ^hard; gas/'; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sast; th as in Mir.



ee Explanations, p.



MATHIEU



1680



MA TTEIS



Mathieu-Mirampal, mfte-yh' me'roN'pSl', (JEAN
BAPTISTE CHARLES,) bom at Compiegne, in France,
in 1764, was a deputy to the National Convention in
1792, and voted for the death of the king. Died in 1833.

Mathilde. See MATILDA.

Mathou de la Cour, mf t6.v' deh If kooR, (CHARLES
JOSEPH,) a French litterateur, son of Jacques, noticed
below, born at Lyons in 1738. He wrote a treatise
" On the Danger of reading Books hostile to Religion,"
(1770,) which was crowned by the Academy of Inscrip-
tions, and other works. He was guillotined at Lyons
in 1793.

Mathon de la Cour, (JACQUES,) a French mathe-
matician, born at Lyons in 1712. He published several
scientific treatises. Died about 1770.

Mathusalem. See METHUSELAH.

Matignon, mf'ten'yoN', (CHARLES AUGUSTS de
Goyon deh gwa'yoN',) Comte de Dace 1 , a French
marshal, born in 1647, accompanied James II. of Eng-
land in his Irish campaign. He afterwards distinguished
himself at Fleurus, Mons. and Namur, and was created
a marshal in 1708. Died in 1729.

Matignon, de, deh ml'ten'yoN', (JACQUES DE GOYON,)
COMTE, a French marshal, born in Normandy in '5 2 5-
He served in the wars of Henry II. and Henry III.
against the Protestants. He was made a marshal in
1579. Died in 1597.

See BRANT6ME, " Vies des grands Capitaines Francais;" CAL-
LlBRES, " Histoire du Mareschal de Matignon," 1661.

Ma-til'da, Maud, or Maude, [Fr. MATHILDE, mi"-
teld',] Empress of Germany and Queen of England, born
about 1 102, was a daughter of Henry I. of England. She
was married in 1 1 10 to Henry V. of Germany, who died
in 1125. About 1127 she became the wife of Geoffrey
Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, and was recognized by
her father as his successor. On the death of Henry
(1135) her title was disputed by Stephen of Blois, and a
long civil war ensued between them. Matilda prevailed
in 1141, and was crowned in London. She was the
mother of Henry II. Died in 1167.

See MATTHEW PARIS, " Historia major."

Matilda, daughter of Boniface III., Marquis of Tus-
cany, was born about 1046. She was first married to God-
frey le Bossu, son of the Duke of Lorraine. He died in
1076, and, her mother having died the same year, Matilda
came into possession of her vast estates, including the
greater part of Northern Italy. In the contest for su-
premacy between Pope Gregory VII. and the Emperor
of Germany, she espoused with great zeal the cause of
the former ; and it was at her castle of Canossa that
Henry IV. underwent the humiliating penance imposed
by the pope. In 1077 she made a reversionary grant
of all her dominions to the Church of Rome. She was
married in 1089 to Guelph, Duke of Bavaria, from whom
she was divorced in 1095. Died in 1115.

See FIORENTINI, " Memorie di Matilda laContessa di Toscana,"
1642; AMEDEE RKNEE, "La grande Italienne," 1859; MOIZI DE'
CAPITANI, "Sulla Contessa Matilda," etc., 1845: " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Matilda, (CAROLINE.) See CAROLINE MATILDA.

Matius. See CALVENA.

Matins, ma'she-us, written also Mattiua, (CNEIUS,)
a Roman poet in the time of Julius Caesar, whose friend-
ship and patronage he enjoyed. He was the author of
epic and dramatic poems, and mimiambi. Of the last-
named there are fragments extant, which are greatly
admired. He also translated the "Iliad" into Latin
verse. He is supposed by some to be the same as CAL-
VENA, (which see.)

Maton de la Varenne, mftoN' deh li vi^ren', (P.
A. L.,) a French litterateur, born in Paris about 1760;
died in 1813.

Matooan- (or Matouan-) lin, ma-too-an' lin, a very
learned Chinese writer, born in the province of Kiang-si
about 1250. He was the author of a historical work,
entitled " Wen-hian-thoon-khao," which displays im-
mense erudition and embraces a great variety of sub-
jects. Abel Remusat says of this production, " It is in
itself worth a library, and, if Chinese literature contained
no other, it would be worth while to learn Chinese in
order to read it"



Matos, de, da ma'tos, (JoJo XAVIER,) a Portuguese
poet of the latter part of the eighteenth century, was the
author of sonnets, odes, etc., and of a tragedy entitled
' Viriacia."

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Matos Pragoso, ma'tos fRa-go'so, (JUAN,) a dramatic
writer, born at Elvas, in Portugal, about 1630, was the
author of numerous popular comedies, (in Spanish.)
Died in 1692.

Matsko, motsh'ko, (JOHN MATTHIAS,) a Hungarian
astronomer, born at Presburg in 1721 ; died in 1796.

Mats'ya, [modern Hindoo pron. muts'ya,] a Sanscrit
word signifying a " fish," and forming the name, in the
Hindoo mythology, of the first avatar of Vishnu. On
that occasion the preserving deity is said to have as-
sumed the form of a great fish shining like gold, and,
according to one account, " extending a million leagues,"
that he might protect the ark which contained Satyavrata
and the seven Rishis with their wives, all the rest of the
human race having been destroyed by the deluge.

See MOOR, " Hindu Pantheon."

Matsys, mat-sis', (CORNELIS,) a Dutch or Flemish
engraver, born about 1500; died in 1560.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 135 of 425)