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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Matsys, (JAN,) a relative of Quentin, noticed below.
His pictures are few in number, but of great merit, and
painted in the style of Quentin Matsys. Died about
1560.

Matsys, mat-sis', or Metsys, met-sls', written also
Messis, (QUENTIN,) a celebrated Flemish painter, born
at Antwerp about 1450. He was originally a blacksmith,
and is said to have changed his vocation in order to
obtain the hand of a lady he loved, who was the daughter
of an artist. Among his master-pieces are " The Descent
from the Cross," in the Museum at Antwerp, "The
Misers," in the Gallery at Windsor, and the " Portrait
of a Jeweller," in the imperial collection of Vienna. Died
in 1529.

See DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands," etc. ; E. VAM
EWKN, " Notice biographique sur Q. Metsys," 1846.

Mat-ta-thl'as, a Jewish priest, appointed to officiate
in the Temple, was the founder of the family of the
Maccabees, and the father of the celebrated warrior
Tudas Maccabseus. During the persecution of the Jews
by Antiochus Epiphanes, he was conspicuous for his
zeal in the defence of his religion, and, with a band of
his followers, marched against the idolaters and over-
threw their altars. Died in 166 B.C.

Matte, mtt, (NICOLAS AUGUSTIN,) a French sculptor,
born in Paris in 1781. Among his works we mjy name
busts of Racine and Corneille. Died about 1840.

Matteaui, mlt-ta-a'nee, (ANGELO.) an Italian jurist
and mathematician, born at Marostica in 1535. He be-
came professor of law at Padua in 1589. Died in 1600.

Mattel, mlt-ta'ee, (ALESSANDRO,) an Italian cardinal,
born at Rome in 1744. In 1777 he became Archbishop
of Ferrara, and in 1797 he was sent to negotiate with
Bonaparte, then marching towards Rome. Died in 1820.

Mattel, (LORETTO,) an Italian poet, born at Rieti in
1622. He was the author of " II Salmista Toscano," a
paraphrase, in verse, of the Psalms. Died in 1705.

Mattel, (SAVERio,) an Italian litterateur, born in Cala-
bria in 1742. He became in 1767 professor of Oriental
languages at Naples. His translation of the Book of
Psalms was very popular. Died in 1795.

Mattel, (STANISLAO,) an Italian composer, born at
Bologna in 1750; died in 1825.

Mat'tei, (TlTO,) an Italian pianist and composer,
born near Naples in 1841. He was professor in the
Santa Cecilia Academy at Rome at eleven years of
age, and afterwards travelled widely, giving concerts.
Settled in London in 1863. He wrote hundreds of
songs and pianoforte pieces and several operas.

Matteis, mat-ta'ess, or Mattei, mlt-ta'ee, (PAOLO,)
an Italian painter and engraver, born near Naples in 1662.
Among his master-pieces are the pictures of the "Sa-
viour and Saint Gaetano," in the church of Saint Paul
at Pistoia, and the " Meeting of Erminia and the Shep-
herds," in the Museum of Vienna. Died in 1728.

See LANII, "History of Painting in Italy."



a. e, I, 5, u. y, long-; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; fir, fall, fat; met; n6t; good; moon;



MA TTE



1681



MA TTH1AS



Matte-Lafaveur, niSt li'iaA-tV, (.SEHASTIEN,) a
French chemist, wrote a work entitled " Practice o
Chemistry." Died about 16X4.

Matteo da Siena, mjt-ta'o da se-a'ni, or Matteo
di Giovanni, mat-ta'u de jo-van'nee, an Italian painter,
born at .Sienna in 1420. He adorned the cathedra] ui
that city with his works. Died in 1495.

Matter, mS'taiR', (JACQUES,) a French historian and
philosopher, born near Saverne in 1791. He published
besid;s other works, a "Critical History of Gnosticism,'
etc., (2 vols., 1828,) a "General History of the Christian
Church," (4 vols., 1828-35,) and "The Philosophy of
Religion," (1857,) all in French. He became in 1845
inspector-general of libraries. Died in 1864.
Sec "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Matteucci, mat-too'chee, [It. pron. mat-tS'oot-chee.j
(CARLO,) an Italian writer, distinguished for hisTesearches
in electro-physiology, was born in 1811. He published,
besides other valuable works, " Lectures on the Physico-
Chemical Phenomena of Living Bodies," ( 1 844,) for which
he received the prize of the French Academy of Sciences
and the Copley Medal of the Royal Society of London.
He becarie minister of public instruction. Died at Flor-
ence in 1868. (For two of his works, see " Smithsonian
Reports" for 1865 and 1867.)

MatthSi or Matthsei, mat-ta'ee, (CHRISTIAN FRIED-
RICH,) a German scholar, born in Thuringia in 1744, was
appointed professor of Greek at Wittenberg, and subse-
quently of classic literature at Moscow. He published
a number of critical treatises and editions of various
Greek classics. Diedini8u.

MatthSi or Matthaei,(FRiEDRicH,) a German painter
of history and portraits, born at Meissen in 1777. He
was a pupil of Casanova, and subsequently of Fiiger,
at Vienna, and was appointed in 1809 professor in the
Academy of Painting at Dresden. Died in 1832. His
brother, ERNST GOTTLIEB, born in 1779, was a sculptor
of great merit, and was appointed honorary professor in
the university at Rome. Died in 1842.

Matthesius, mat-ta'ze-us, (JoHANN,) a German Prot-
estant minister, born at Rochlitz in 1504. He became
first preacher at Joachimsthal about 1543. He wrote a
" History of Luther's Doctrine, Life, and Death," (in
German, 1565.) Died in 1568.

Mattheson, mat'teh-son, (JoHANN,) a German mu-
sician and composer, born at Hamburg in 1681. His
works are very numerous, comprising operas, church
music, sonatas, etc. He also published several treat-
ises on music, which are highly esteemed. He was an
intimate friend of Handel. Died in 1764.

Matthew, math's, [Gr. Martfmoc; Fr. MATTHIEU
mi'te-uh'; It. MATTEO, mat-ta'o,] SAINT, THE EVAN-
GELIST, a native of Galilee, is generally believed to have
been the same person as Levi, the son of Alpheus, men-
tioned in Mark (ii. 14) and Luke, (v. 27.) His employ-
ment was that of a publican, or collector of customs,
under the Romans, and while engaged in this function
he was called by Christ to be one of the apostles. The
history of Matthew after the ascension of Christ is nol
known, some writers asserting that he suffered death
at Naddabar, in Ethiopia, and others that he was one
of the apostles who escaped martyrdom.

Matthew OF CRACOW, [Lat. MATTHI'AS CRACOVI-
EN'SIS,] a German bishop and Reformer, born in Pome-
rania. He became Bishop of Worms in 1405, and wrote
against the corrupt practices of the Church. Among his
works is a treatise " On the Pollutions of the Romish
Court." Died in 1410.



Matthew OF WESTMINSTER, an English monk and
historical writer of the fourteenth century, was the author
of "Flowers of History," ("Flores Historiarum,") ex-
tending from the creation to the death of Edward I. It
is highly valued for its accuracy.

Matthew, math'u, (TOBIAS,) an English prelate, born
m Bristol in 1546. In 1572 he was chosen president of
Saint John's College, Oxford, and one of the queen's
chaplains. in-ordinary. In 1595 he was created Bishop
of Durham, and in 1606 Archbishop of York. The
learning and piety of Archbishop Matthew have been
warmly eulogized by Camden. Died in 1628.



Matthew, (TOBIAS,) son of the preceding, born at
Oxford in 1578, became a Roman Catholic. He was
employed by James I. in 1621 to negotiate the marriage
of the Prince of Wales with the Infanta of Spain. He
was knighted in 1623. Among his works are a "Lifs
of Saint Theresa," and a "Collection of Letters includ-
ing a Character of Lucy, Countess of Carlisle." Died in
1655.

See WOOD, " Athenz Oxonienses."

Matthew Paris, math'u par'iss, a celebrated English
chronicler, enjoyed the patronage of Henry III., from
whom he obtained important privileges for the Univer-
sity of Oxford. He was the author of " Historia Major
Angliae," and " Historia Minor Anglis." The former
extends from the time of William the Conqueror to the
reign of Henry III. Died in 1259.

Matthews, math'uz, (BRANDER,) (originally named
JAMES BRANDER MATTHEWS,) an American author, born
at New Orleans, Louisiana, February 21, 1852. He grad-
uated at Columbia College, New York, in 1871, and
studied law. He edited "Comedies for Amateur Act-

ig," (1879,) and other works, and wrote "Theatres of

Paris," (1880,) "French Dramatists of the Nineteenth

Century," (1881,) " Margery's Lovers," (a comedy, 1883.)

'The Home Library," (1883,) and numerous later

works.

Matthews, math'uz, (GEORGE,) an American officer
of the Revolution, born in Augusta county, Virginia, in
>739- He was elected Governor of Georgia in 1780, and
again in 1794. Died in 1812.

Matthews, (STANLEY,) LL.D., an American jurist,
)orn in Cincinnati, July 21, 1824. He graduated at
ienyon College in 1840, became a judge of the common
pleas at Cincinnati in 1852, was a State Senator, 1855-56,
was appointed United States district attorney in 1858,
entered the United States volunteer service in 1861, was
appointed a judge of the Superior Court at Cincinnati
n 1863, became a United States Senator in 1877, and
n 1881 was appointed a justice of the United States
Supreme Court. Among his writings is a " Manual of
he Law of Partnership," (1864.) Died March 22, 1889.

Matthews, (THOMAS,) a British naval officer, born
n Wales in 1681, distinguished himself in the engage-
ment at Cape Passaro under Admiral Byng, (1718,) and
n other campaigns of the war of the Spanish succession.
He obtained the rank of admiral of the blue. Died in
1751.



See VAN TENAC, " Hist, .ire ge'ne'rale de la Marine."

M.Uthia or Matthiae, mat-tee's', (AUGUST HEIN-
RICH,) a German philologist, born at Gottingen in 1769.
He published " Elements of Greek and Roman Litera-
ture," a " Complete Greek Grammar," which was trans-
lated into French, an excellent edition of the Tragedies
of Euripides, and other works. Died in 1835.

Matthia, (JoHAN,) a Swedish prelate, born in Ostro-
gothia in 1592, became court preacher and almoner to
Gustavus Adolphus. He was afterwards appointed pre-
ceptor to Christina, the daughter of that monarch, and
was created Bishop of Strengnas in 1643. He wrote
several moral and theological works. Died in 1670.

Matthiae. See MATTHIA.

Matthias, ma-thl'ass, [Ger. pron. mat-tee'ass; It
MATTIA, mat-tee'a,] Emperor of Germany, born in 1557,
was the son of Maximilian II. and Mary, daughter of
Charles V. He was invited in 1578, by the Catholia
of the Netherlands, to assume the government of that
country, which office he soon resigned. He was ap-
pointed Stadtholder of Austria in 1595, and in 1611 was
invited by the Bohemians to become their ruler. On
the death of his brother Rudolf, Emperor of Germany,
in 1612, Matthias succeeded to the throne. In the en-
suing contest between the Protestant and Catholic fac-
tions he pursued a vacillating policy, and while striving
to direct made himself distrusted by both. He con-
cluded a disadvantageous treaty with the Turks, then in
rossessipn of Hungary, (1615,) and soon after caused
lis cousin Ferdinand to be proclaimed King of Bohemia
and Hungary. (See FERDINAND II.) Matthias died in
1619, in the midst of the dissensions which preceded tha
Thirty Years' war.



as k: c as T: g hard; g as/- G, H, K.ptttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: th as in Ms. (J|-See Explanations p 27 )

100



MATTHIAS



1682



MAUBREU1L



Matthias, ma-thi'ass, an American fanatic and impos-
tor, originally named ROBERT MATTHEWS, born in Wash-
ington county. New York, about 1790, became a street-
preacher in Albany, and prophesied the destruction of
that city.

See " Matthias and his Impostures," by WM. L. STONE, New
fork, 1835 ; " North American Review" for October, 1835.

Matthias OF JANOW, (ya'nov,) a German priest and
Reformer, preached in Prague. He wrote against popery,
and published "The Abomination of Carnal Priests and
Monks." Died in 1394.

See HODGSON, " Reformers and Martyrs," Philadelphia, 1867.

Matthias Corvinus. See CORVINUS.

Matthieu, the French for MATTHEW, which see.

Matthieu, mir'te-uh', (PIERRE,) a French poet ana
historical writer, born in Franche-Comte in 1563. He
became historiographer of France under Henry IV.,
wrote a tragedy entitled " La Guisiade," of which the
Duke of Guise is the hero ; also a " History of Henry
III. and Henry IV." Died in 1621.

See POIRSON, " Histoire du Regne de Henri IV ;" NICSBON
' M^moires."

Matthieu de Vendome, mt'te-uh' deh v8N'd5m', a
French statesman and ecclesiastic.^Born about 1220, was
appointed regent of the kingdom by Louis IX. on his
departure for Palestine. After the accession of Philip
he was made prime minister in 1270. Died in 1286.

Matthieu de Vendome, a French scholar and Latin
poet, lived about 1180-1200.

Matthiolua. See MATTIOLI.

Matthisson, von, von mat'te-son', (FRIEDRICH,) an
eminent German lyric poet, born near Magdeburg in
1761. He studied at Halle, and in 1794 accompanied
the Princess of Anhalt-Dessau on her tour through
Switzerland, Italy, and the Tyrol. In 1812 the King
of Wurtemberg appointed him his chief librarian and
conferred upon him a title of nobility. His poems are
characterized by great tenderness of feeling, graceful
versification, and faithful delineations of nature. He
also published an interesting work entitled " Remi-
niscences," ("Erinnerungen," 5 vols., 1810-16,) being an
account of persons and places he had visited. Died in
1831.

See DURING, " Matthisson's Leben," 1833 ; LONGFELLOW, " Poets
and Poetry of Europe;" F. VON MATTHISSON, "Selbstbiographie,"
1818.

Matthya, mlt-tis', (GERARD,) a Flemish philosophei
and Greek scholar, born in Gelderland in 1523. He
published a number of commentaries on Aristotle, and
other critical works. Died in 1574.

Matthys, mat'tess, (JAKOB,) a Swiss polyglot lin-
guist, born at Wolfenschiessen in 1802. He became a
Catholic parish priest, living chiefly in remote mountain-
districts. He learned many languages, though he had
very little money and but a scanty library. Died at
Paris, November I, 1873.

Matti, mat'tee, (EMANUEL,) a Spanish ecclesiastic
and Latin poet, born at Oropesa in 1663, was appointed
Dean of Alicante. Died in 1737.

Mattioli, mit-te-o'lee, (Luici,) an Italian engraver,
born at Crevalcore in i66a, executed a number of prints
fter the Caracci. He was also distinguished as a
painter. Died about 1745.

See G. ATTI, "Vita di L. Mattioli," 1836.

Mattioli, [Lat. MATTHI'OLUS,] (PiETRO ANDREA,)
an eminent Italian physician and botanist, born at Sienna
in 1500. Being invited to Prague by the emperor Fer-
dinand, he was made aulic councillor, and subsequently
appointed first physician to Maximilian IL He published
" Commentaries on the Materia Medica of Dioscorides,"
(in Latin, 1554,) which are highly esteemed and have
been translated into several languages ; also a number
of medical and botanical treatises. The well-known
genus Matthiola (Stock-gilliflower) was named in honour
of this botanist. Died in 1577.

See CUVIER, "Histoire des Sciences naturelles;" HALLER,
" Bibliotheca Botanica ;" VAN DER LINDEN, " De Scriptoribus Me-
dicis."

Mat'ti-son, (HlRAM,) D.D., an American preacher,
born in Norway, New York, February II, 1811. In
1835 he became a preacher of the Methodist Episcopal



Church, though for some time (1861-65) he belonged to
an Independent Methodist organization. He published
"The Trinity and Modern Arianism," (1843,) "Tracts
for the Times," (1843,) "Elementary Astronomy," (1846,)
and other works, chiefly on religious and scientific sub-
jects. He was distinguished for his hostility to Roman-
ism and to slavery. Died at Jersey City in 1868.

Mattius. See MATIUS.

Mat'u-rin, (CHARLES ROBERT,) a distinguished poet,
novelist, and pulpit orator, born at Dublin in 1782, was
descended from a French Protestant family. He studied
at Trinity College, and was subsequently appointed
curate of Saint Peter's, Dublin. He published in 1807
"The Fatal Revenge, or the Family of Montorio," which
was followed by "The Milesian Chief," "Women, 01
Pour et Centre," " Melmoth the Wanderer," and othei
romances of the Radcliffe school. His tragedy of " Ber-
tram," brought out at the Drury-Lane Theatre in 1816,
met with brilliant success. It has been translated into
French, as well as several of his romances. In 1824 he
published " Controversial Sermons," directed against the
corruptions of the Roman Church which obtained great
popularity. Died in 1824.

See the " Edinburgh Review" for June, 1818 ; " Quarterly Review"
for December, 1818, and January. 1831; "Monthly Review" for
August, 1818, et seq.

Maturin, (EDWARD S.,) a son of the preceding, was
born at Dublin in 1812, was educated at Trinity College,
Dublin. In 1832 he came to the United States, and be-
came a lawyer. For many years he was a teacher in South
Carolina and in New York. Among his books, mostly
novels, are " Sejanus," " Benjamin, the Jew of Granada,"
"Eva," "Montezuma," "Melmouth the Wanderer,"
" Lyrics of Spain and Erin," and " Bianca, a Tale."
Died in New York, May 25, 1881.

Maturino di Firenze, ml-too-ree'no de fe-rfn'zi,
an Italian painter, born at Florence about 1490, was a
pupil of Raphael, and a friend of Polidoro Caravaggio,
in conjunction with whom he executed a number of
frescos at Rome. These works are preserved in the
engravings of Cherubino, Alberti, Goltzius, and other
artists. Died about 1528.

Matuszewic, ma-too'shi-vits, (THADDEUS,) a Polish
statesman, was appointed minister of finance in 1815.
Died in 1818.

Maty, ma'tee, (MATHEW,) an eminent physician and
writer, born near Utrecht in 1718, studied at Leyden,
and subsequently settled in England, (1740.) He founded
in 1 750 the "Journal Britannique," a literar periodical
of great merit, which was highly commended by Gibbon.
He was elected in 1758 a Fellow of the Royal Society,
of which he became perpetual secretary in 1765. In
1772 he succeeded Dr. Knight as chief librarian of the
British Museum. He published an " Essay on the
Character of the Great Physician, or a Critical Eulogy
on Boerhaave," (in French, 1747,) "Authentic Memoirs
of Richard Mead," (1755,) and " Memoirs of Lord Ches-
terfield." Died in 1776.

See NICHOLS, " Literary Anecdotes ;" GIBBON, " Memoirs. 1 '

Maty, (PAUL HENRY,) a son of the preceding, was
born in London in 1745. He became one of the secre-
taries of the Royal Society in 1778. He published :
translation, from the German, of Riesbeck's " Travels,"
(1787.) Died in 1787.

Matzner, mSts'ner, (DUARD ADOLF FERDINAND,) a
German philologist, born at Rostock, May 25, 1805. HP
studied at Rostock, Greifswalde, and Heidelberg, and be
came distinguished as a teacher. Besides some Greek
texts, he published several works on the old French lan-
guage, also an important "English Grammar," (1859-
65; in English, by C. J. Grece, 1874,) an "Old English
Dictionary," (1872 et sef.,) and other works on English
etymology. Died at Berlin, July 14, 1892.

Maubert de Oouveat, mo'baiR' deh goo'vj', (JEAN
HENRI,) a French litt/ratrvr, born at Rouen in 1721,
wrote a work entitled " Political History of the Age,"
which was commended by Lord Bolingbroke. Died in
1767.

Maubeuge. See MABUSE.

Maubreuil, de, deh mS'bRuI' or mo'bRuh'ye, (MA-
RIE ARMAND GUERRI,) MARQUIS, a French political



i, e, I, 6, u, y. long: a, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fit; m?t; not; good; moTm



MAUBURNE



1683



MAUREILLAJU



adventurer, born in Bretagne in 1782. He served in the
army as captain. According to his own statement, he
was authorized and bribed by certain members of the
provisional government in 1814 to assassinate Napoleon
and to rob the Queen of Westphalia of her diamonds.
He performed the latter part of his mission, and was
cast into prison for that offence. Died in 1855.

Mauburne, mo'biiRn', or Momboir, m6N'bwaR',
(JEAN,) a Flemish ecclesiastic and devotional writer,
born at Brussels about 1460, was a friend and corre-
spondent of Erasmus. Died in 1502.

Maucomble, mo'k6Mbl', (JEAN FRANQOIS DIEU-
DONNE,) a French writer, born at Metz in 1735, pub-
lished a " History of the Antiquities of the City of
Nimes," (1767.) Died in 1768.

Maucroix, de, deh mo'kRwi', (FRANQOis,) a French
scholar, born at Noyon in 1619. He made translations
from the " Philippics" of Demosthenes, the " Homilies"
of Saint Chrysostom, and other Greek classics. He was
an intimate friend of Boileau, Racine, and La Fontaine,
and published conjointly with the last-named a collection
of works in prose and verse. Died in 1708.

Maud or Maude. See MATILDA.

Maudsley or Maudslay, mawdz'le, (HENRY,) an
English artisan, born at Woolwich in 1771, was an em-
ploye 1 of Joseph Bramah. He made several valuable
mechanical inventions. Died in 1831.

Maudsley, (HENRY,) M.D., an English physician,
born near Giggleswick, Yorkshire, February 5, 1835.
He was educated at University College, London, and
took his degree at the University of London in 1857.
He was for some time a professor in his college. His
principal works are "Physiology of Mind," (1867,)

Pathology of Mind," (1867,) " Body and Mind," (1870,)
" Body and Will," (1883,) and " Natural Causes and
Supernatural Seemings," (1886.)

Mauduit, mS'dii-e', ( ANTOINE RENfi, ) a French
mathematician, born in Paris in 1731. He published,
among other works, " Elements of Conic Sections De-
monstrated," which is highly commended by Laland*.
Died in 1815.

Mauduit, mS'dwe', (ISRAEL,) an English writer, of
French extraction, born at Bermondsey in 1708, was
appointed agent for the province of Massachusetts. He
published a " Short View of the History of the New
England Colonies," (1769,) and several other works.
Died in 1787.

Mauduit, (MICHEL,) a French theologian, bom at
Vire, in Normandy, in 1644. He was the author of an
"Analysis of the Gospel, according to the Historic
Order," etc., a "Treatise on Religion," and other works.
Died in 1709.

Mauduit du Plessis, mo'dii-e' dii pl'se', (THOMAS
ANTOINE,) a French officer, born at Hennebon in 1753,
served in the American war, where his courage and
abilities won for him the particular regard of Washington.
Having joined the royalists soon after the breaking out
of the French Revolution, he was killed in attempting
to suppress a mutiny among his soldiers in Hayti, in
1791.

Maugras, mo'gRa', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French phi-
losopher and writer, born near Bourbonne-les-Bains in
1762 ; died in 1830.

Mauguin, mo'gaN', (FRANCOIS,) an eloquent French
advocate, born at Dijon in 1785. He took a prominent
part in the revolution of 1830, and sat in the Chamber
of Deputies until 1848. Died in 1854.

See M. DE COBMENIN, " Le Livre des Orateurs ;" L. DB LOMBNIE,
"M. Mauguin, par un Homme de Rien," 1840.

Maule, (Fox.) See PANMURE, LORD.

Maulmont, mol'miN', or Malmont, de, deh mil'
m6N'', (JEAN,) a French scholar and theologian, was an
intimate friend of J. C. Scaliger.

Maultrot, mo'tRo', (GABRIEL NICOLAS,) a French
jurist, born in Paris in 1714, published numerous treat-
ises on canon law. Died in 1803.

Maun'der, (SAMUEL,) an English compiler, born
about 1790. He published, besides other works, a
" Treasury of Useful Knowledge," and a " Biographical
Treasury," (6th edition, 1847.) Died in 1849.



Maundeville. See MANDEVILLE, (Sir JOHN.)

Maun'drell, (HENRY,) an English traveller, born
about 1650, visited Palestine in 1697, and published in
1698 his " Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem," etc., which
was translated into French. Died about 1710.

Maunoir, mo'nwaR', (JULIEN,) a learned French ec-
clesiastic, born in 1606, wrote several theological treat-
ises in Latin, and, besides other works, a grammar and
dictionary in the dialect of Brittany. Died in 1683.

Maupas, de, deh mo'pa', (CHARLES CAUCHON,) a
French soldier, born at Rneims in 1566, was appointed
councillor of state by Henry IV., and was subsequently
ambassador to the court of England. Died in 1629.

Maupaa du Tour, de, deh m5'pa' dii tooR, (HENRI
CAUCHON,) a French writer, born near Rheims in 1600,
rose to be Bishop of Evreux in 1661. He wrote a "Life of
Saint Francis de Sales," and other works. Died in 1680.

Maupassant, de, deh m5'pi's&N', (HENRI REN*
ALBERT GUY,) a French poet, born at the chateau Mi-
romesnil, August 5, 1850. He wrote " Des Vers," (1880,)

Mademoiselle Fifi," (1882,) " Une Vie," (1883,) "Clau-
de lune," (1883.) "Au Soleil," (1884,) " Yvette," (1885,)

La Petite Roque," (1886,) "Pierre et Jean," (iS8S.)

Sur 1'eau," (1888,) " La Main Gauche," (1889,) " L'inu-
tile Beaute," (1890,) etc. _Died at Paris, July 6, 1893.

Maupeou, de, de mo'poo', (RENE CHARLES,) a
French statesman, born in Paris in 1688. He was suc-
cessively first president of the Parliament of Paris, keeper
of seals, and vice-chancellor, (1763.) Died in 1775.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 136 of 425)