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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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treasury in 1834; but the Tories, under Peel and Wel-
lington, soon gaining the ascendant, he was compelled
to resign. In 1835 he succeeded in forming a Whig
inistry, which lasted six years. He was distinguished
for his tact and popular qualities and accomplishments.
Died in 1848. Lord Melbourne was the author of a
comedy entitled "The Fashionable Friends." His wife
was known as an authoress. (See LAMB, CAROLINE.)



Melchthal, von, fon melK'tal, (ARNOLD,) a Swiss
patriot, became, in concert with his friends Furst and
Stauffacher, one of the founders of Swiss liberty. In
1307, in conjunction with thirty of their countrymen,
they formed a confederacy for the defence of Switzer-
land against Austrian oppression. In the course of the
following year the adventure of William Tell with Cess-
ler brought affairs to a crisis. (See TELL.)

Melcombe, LORD. See DODINGTON.

Mel'der, (GERARD,) a Dutch miniature-painter,
born at Amsterdam in 1693 ; died in 1740.

Meldo'la, (RAPHAEL,) an English chemist, born
at London in 1849. He became associated with Nor-
man Lockyer in his researches in spectrum analysis,
and in 1885 was made professor of chemistry in the
Finsbury Technical College. His chemical discoveries
were of importance, and he published several scientific
books and many papers.

MeldoUa. mSl-dol'la, (ANDREA,) an Italian painter
and engraver, born in Dalmatia about 1520, was a pupil
of Mazzuoli, (Parmigiano.) He is supposed by some
writers to have been the same as Andrea Schiavone.
Died in 1582.

See LB BLANC, "Manuel de 1' Amateur d'Estampes."

Me-le-a'ger, [Gr. Meteoypof ; Fr. MELftAGRE, mi'll'-
SgR',] a famous hero of classic mythology, was a son of
CEneus and Althaea, or, as others say, a son of Mars.
According to tradition, when he was seven days old the
Moirae (or Fates) warned his mother that he would
die as soon as the billet which was burning on her
hearth should be consumed. Althaea then extinguished
the fatal brand and hid it in a chest. He signalized his
valour in the Argonautic expedition and the Calydonian
hunt. He fought with the Calydonians against the
Curetes, and offended his mother by killing her brothers.
She therefore cast the above-mentioned brand into the
fire, and Meleager speedily died.

Meleager, [Gr. McAfaypoc,] a Macedonian general,
who served under Alexander the Great, and, after the
death of that monarch, attempted to raise Arrhidaeus to
the throne in opposition to Perdiccas. His partisans
were defeated, and he was put to death, 323 B.C.

See DROVSBN, "Geschichte Alexanders des Grossen."

Meleager, a Greek poet, supposed to have lived in
the first century before the Christian era, is said to have
been the first who made a collection of fugitive poems
and epigrams called an " Anthology," (" Anthologia.")

See BRUNCK, " Analecta," vol. i.

Meleagre. See MELEAGER.

Melece. See MELETIUS.

Melek Shah, (a Seljookide Sultan.) See MALIK
SHAH.

Melendez-Valdez, ma-len'deth val'deth, or Valdes,
val'dSs, (JuAN ANTONIO,) an eminent Spanish poet, born
in Estremadura in 1754. He studied law at Salamanca,
where he became intimate with the poet Cadalso, and
distinguished himself by his attainments in English
literature, of which he was a warm admirer. His
idyl "Batilo" (1780) won the prize at the Spanish
Academy, and another was given to his " Pindaric Ode
on the Fine Arts" by the Academy of San Fernando.
He published in 1785 a collection of lyric and pastoral
poems, which established his reputation as the first Spar
ish poet of his time. He had been appointed in 1781,
through the influence of his friend Jovellanos, professor
of humanities at Salamanca. In 1791 he obtained an
important office in the chancery of Valladolid, and in
1798 became fiscal of the supreme court of Madrid. He
published in 1797 another collection of poems, dedicated
to Godoy, who soon after appointed him to a high office
at court. On the fall of the minister Jovellanos, Melen-
dez was exiled from Madrid, to which he was not per-
mitted to return until the fall of Godoy, (1808.) Having
subsequently joined the French party in Spain, he was
created councillor of state and minister of public in-
struction by Joseph Bonaparte. He died in France in
1817. Of Melendez, Ticknor observes, "There can be
no doubt that he was better fitted to form a new school



a, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; A, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; fir, fill, fat; met; not; good; moon;



MELETIUS



1699



MELLEN



and give a guiding impulse to the national poetry, than
any writer that had appeared in Spain for above a
century."



Biographic Gi'ne'rale."

Meletius, me-lee'shg-us, [Gr. McXrraf,] Bishop of
Lycopolis, was founder~of a sect called by his name.
Having been deposed by the Bishop of Alexandria,
about 301 A.D., he formed a schism, and united with the
Arians.

Meletius, [Fr. MELECE, mi'ljs',] SAINT, called THE
GREAT, born in Little Armenia, was appointed Bishop
of Sebaste in 357 A.D., and in 360 Patriarch of Antioch.
Through the influence of the Arians, he was thrice de-
posed from his office and exiled, being finally restored
in 378. He presided over the first General Council at
Constantinople, (381,) and died the same year, having
previously confirmed the nomination of Saint Gregory
Nazianzen as Patriarch of Antioch. His funeral oration
was delivered by Saint Gregory of Nyssa.

See TILLH.MONT, " Me'moires," etc. ; BAH.LET, " Vies des Saints ;"
MAIMBOURG, " Histoire de rArianisme."

Meletius, a Greek prelate and geographer, born at
Janina in 1661. He wrote an "Ecclesiastical History,"
(3 vols., 1798.) Died in 1714.

Me-le'tus, [MtA^roc,] written less correctly Me-li'tus,
a Greek tragic poet, is chiefly known as one of the three
principal accusers of Socrates. He was a licentious
writer, and a man of profligate habits. He was put to
death by the Athenians when they repented of their
treatment of Socrates.

Mel'fprt, (JoHN DRUMMOND,) DUKE OF, was prime
minister to King James II. of England, whom he ac-
companied in his exile to France. Being accused of
planning a second invasion of England, he was banished
by Louis XIV. to Angers, where he died in 1716.

Melgarejo, mel-ga-Ra'Ho, (MARIANO,) a Bolivian
president, born about 1810, entered the army at an early
age, distinguished himself in many revolutions, acquired
immense popularity, and was often wounded, taken pris-
oner, or exiled. In December, 1864, he issued zpronun-
riamiento at Cochabamba against his brother-in-law,
President Acha, whom he overthrew. He maintained
himself in power as dictator against many insurrections
until January, 1870, when he was overthrown by Morales.
He then went to Lima, where he was killed in a quarrel
by his son-in-law, November 23, 1870.

Meli, ma'lee, (GIOVANNI,) an eminent Sicilian poet,
oorn at Palermo about 1740. His works, consisting
chiefly of eclogues, odes, and sonnets, are written in the
Sicilian dialect, to which he gave a grace and refinement
hitherto unknown. His pastoral poems are exquisite
specimens of their kind, especially the " Ecloghe Pesca-
torie," or fishermen's dialogues, distinguished for their
humour and the graceful simplicity of their language.
Meli also wrote satires and fables, and a mock-heroic
poem entitled "Don Quixote." Died in 1815.

See LOMBARDO, "Storia della Letteratura Italiana ;" "Foreign
Quarterly Review" for November, 1829 ; A. GALLO, " Cenni biogra-
Cci di G. Meli," 1836.

Mel-I-cer'ta or Mel-I-cer'teS, [Gr. MfWpn/f; Fr.
MELICERTE, mi'le'seRt',] a son of Athamas and Ino.
The poets feigned that Ino threw herself and her son
into the sea, and Neptune changed them into sea-deities.
Melicerta then received the name of Palaemon.

Melicerte. See MELICERTA.

Mell-koff, (MIKHAIL TARIELOVITCH Tainow,)
Count Lons-Melikoff, a Russian general, born at Lori, in
Transcaucasia, January i, 1826, the son of an Armenian
merchant named Melian, of princely origin, whose sur-
name was Russianized to Melikoff. He was colonel of
light cavalry. He took part in the siege of Kars, and in
the capture of Schamyl, (1859.) In 1865 he was made
lieutenant-general and ataman of the Terek Cossacks.
In 1877 he captured Ardahan and Kars from Mukhtar
Pasha and was made a count and full general. In 1878
he was named Governor of Astrakhan, and in 1879
Governor-General of KharkhofI In 1880 he became



president of a commission for the regulation of the em-
pire, and was afterwards a member of the plenum in
the grand council of the empire. An attempt to assas-
sinate him in iSSo failed. Died in 1888.

Meline, ma-leen', (FELIX JULES,) a French states-
man, born at Remiremont, Vosges, in 1838. He
studied law, entered the French Chamber in 1872, was
appointed under-secretary of state for justice in 1876,
became minister of agriculture in 1883, and president
of the Chamber in 1888. He afterwards became chair-
man of the tariff commission, and formed a " Con-
ciliation Cabinet" in 1896, which held office till 1898.
In 1899 he was an unsuccessful candidate for the
Presidency.

Meline, me-leen', (JAMES F.,) an American Catholic
writer, was born at Sackett's Harbor, New York, in 181 1.
He was educated in the college at Emmittsburg, and be-
came a lawyer, held several United States consulships,
and served in the war of 1861-65, attaining the rank of
colonel. He published " Two Thousand Miles on Horse-
back," " Mary, Queen of Scots," a " Life of Sixtus V.,"
and other works. Died at Brooklyn, New York, August
14, 1873-

Melioratl See INNOCENT VII.

Me-lis'sa, [Gr. Mc/Uooa; Fr. MftLlsSE, mi'less',] a
daughter of 'Melissus, King of Crete, was said to have
fed the infant Jupiter with the milk of goats.

Melissa, in classic mythology, a nymph who first dis-
covered the use of honey, or the method of procuring it;
whence bees (in Greek JAi^uaaai) are said to have derived
their name.

Melisse. See MELISSA.

Me-lis'sus, [ME/UOOOC,] a Greek philosopher, born at
Samos, flourished about 440 B.C. He was also distin-
guished as a naval commander, and gained an important
victory over the Athenians. He was a disciple of Par-
menides, and was the author of philosophical works of
which only fragments are extant

Melissus, ma-lis'sus, (PAUL,) a German, distinguished
as a Latin poet, born in Franconia in 1539 ; died in 1602.

MSl'I-ton or Mel'I-to, [Gr. MtAiTuv,] an ecclesias-
tical writer of the second century A.D., became Bishop
of Sardis in the reign of Marcus Aurelius. His works
were highly esteemed by his contemporaries, but they
have been lost, with the exception of a few fragments.

Melitus or Melitos. See MELETUS.

Me'U-us or Mselius, mee'le-us, (SPURIOS,) a Roman
knight, who gained the favour of the people by the
liberal or profuse use of his large fortune. He was ac-
cused by L. Minucius Augurinus of a design to make
himself king, and was summoned before Cincinnatus,
who was appointed dictator for this occasion. Refusing
to submit, he was killed by Servilius Ahala in 439 B.C.

See LIVY, " History of Rome;" NIEBUH*, " History of Rome."

Meli, (PATRICK HUES,) D.D., LL.D., an American
Baptist clergyman, born at Walthourville, Georgia, July
19, 1814, was educated at Amherst College. He became
professor of ancient languages in Mercer University in
1842, and in the University of Georgia in 1857. In 1860 he
was called to the chair of ethics and metaphysics in the
same institution, and in 1878 was appointed its chan-
cellor. He published several works on theological
subjects. Died in 1888.

Melian, m&'IoN', (CLAUDE,) an eminent French en-
graver and painter, born at Abbeville in 1598, studied
under Villamena and Vouet at Rome. He originated a
new method of engraving, which consisted in producing
light and shade by varying the thickness of the single
lines instead of crossing one set by another. Amonj,
his master-pieces are " Saint Peter Nolascus borne by
Two Angels," the " Face of Christ," " Rebecca at the
Well," and a portrait of Pope Urban VIII. Died in
1688.

Mel'len, (GRENVILLE,) an American poet, born at
Biddeford, in Maine, in 1799, was a son of Chief-Justice



as it; 5 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as \nthis. ( 2=-See Explanations, p. 23.)



MELLIti



1700



MEL VILLE.



Martyr's Triumph," and " Buried Valley, and other
Poems," (1834.) Died in 1841.

See GRISWOLD, "Poets and Poetry ^pf America;" CLEVELAND.
" Compendium of American Literature."

Mellin, m?l-leen', (GUSTAF HENRIK,) one of the most
popular Swedish novelists and historians, born in Fin-
land in 1813. Among his romances, which are generally
founded on Swedish history, we may name " Flickorna
i Askersund," (1832,) "Helena Wrede," (1834,) and
"Johannes Fjallman." His " Den Skandinaviska Nor-
dens Historia" (1850) and " Fiiderlandets Historia"
(1852) are highly esteemed by his countrymen. The
greater part of his romances have been translated into
German. Died August 2, 1876.

Mellin de Saint-Gelais, mi'laN'deh saN zheh-1^', a
French poet, born in 1491, was the author of ballads,
sonnets, elegies, etc. Died in 1558.

*^ee LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Melling, mel'ling, (ANTON IGNAZ,) a German painter,
born at Carlsruhe in 1763 ; died in Paris in 1831.

Mellini, m?l-lee'nee, (GIUSEPPE ZAMA,) an Italian
writer on religion, born at Bologna in 1788; died in
1838.

Mello, de, di mel'lo, or Melo, ma'lo, (FRANCISCO
MA.VOEL,) a Portuguese writer, born at Lisbon in 1611,
wrote (in Spanish) a valuable history of the Catalo-
nian revolution, entitled " Historia de los Movimientos y
Separacion, etc. de Cataluna," (1645.) He also wrote
a number of dramas and poems, among which we may
name ".The Three Muses of Melodino," (" Las tres
Musas de Melodino.") Died in 1665.

See BARBOSA-MACHADO, "Bibliotheca Lusitana."

Mello, de, (P. JOZE,) an eminent Portuguese jurist,
wrote a " History of Portuguese Civil Law," (3d edition,
1800.) Died in 1798.

Melloni, me'1-lo'nee, (MACEDONIO,) an Italian savant,
born at Parma in 1801. He was appointed in 1839 di-
rector of the Conservatory of Arts and Trades at Naples.
He wrote several scientific works, one of which was
entitled " La Termocrasi," etc., explaining his theory
concerning the radiation of heat and the coloration of
light. He originated valuable discoveries on these sub-
jects, for which the Royal Society of London bestowed
upon him the Rumford medal. Died in 1854.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Genc'rale."

MSl'moth, (WILLIAM,) an English lawyer, born In
1666, was the author of a work entitled "Great Impor-
tance of a Religious Life," which was ascribed by Walpole
to the first Earl of Egmont. One hundred thousand
copies of this work were printed after the author's death.
Died in 1743.

See NICHOLS, " Literary Anecdotes :" " Memoirs of a Late Emi-
nent Advocate-"

Melmoth, (WILLIAM,) an English littfratfur, a son
of the preceding, was born in 1710. He published in
1747 a translation of the "Letters of Pliny," which is
esteemed one of the best versions of a Latin author in
the English language, and is mentioned by Warton as
"one of the few that are better than the original." He
also translated the " Letters of Cicero to Several of his
Friends," and the treatises " On Friendship" (' De
Amicitia") and "On Old Age"("De Senectute") of the
same author. Died in 1799.

Melnikov, mel'ne-kov, ( PAWEL IVANOWITCH, ) a
Russian author, born at Nizhnee-Novgorod, October 22,
1819. He studied (1834-37) at Kazan University, and
in 1846 entered the civil service. Besides histories of
the Russian schismatical sects, he published noteworthy
novels, among them " Old Times" and " Beyond the
Volga." Died in i

Melo. See MELLU.

Melon, meh-16N', QEAN FRANC.OIS,) a French lit-
tlraieur, resided at Bordeaux, and, in conjunction with
the Duke de la Force, founded the Academy of that city
in 1712. He afterwards became secretary to the regent
Orleans. He wrote " Mahmoud the Gaznevide," an alle-
gorical history of the regency, and a " Political Essay on
Commerce." The latter work was highly commended
i'y Voltaire. Died in 1738.



Melot, meh-lo', (ANICET,) a French savant, born at
Dijon in 1697, became in 1738 a member of the Acad-
emy of Inscriptions, to which he contributed several
able treatises. In 1741 he was appointed royal librarian.
He wrote a "Dissertation on the Capture of Rome
by the Gauls," and other antiquarian works. Died in
I759-

Melozzo da Forli, ma-lot'so da foR-lee', (FRAN-
CESCO,) an Italian painter, born at Forli in 1438, invented
the sotto in JT/, and discovered the rules of vertical per-
spective. Among his finest extant frescos is " Sixtus IV.
giving to Platina charge of the Vatican Library," now in
the Vatican. His works are highly commended by Vasari.
He excelled in foreshortening. Died in 1492.



Mel-pom'e-ne, [Gr. MEATTO^W/ ; Fr. MELPOMENE,
meTpo'min',] one of the nine Muses, presided ove
tragedy, and was represented as holding in her hand a
tragic mask. She was said to be the mother of the
Sirens. (See MUS.B.)

Melun, de, deh meh-luN', (CHARLES,) a French states-
man under Louis XI., was appointed in 1465 grand
master of France. Having subsequently incurred the
displeasure of the king, he was condemned to death and
executed, (1468.)

Melvil. See MELVILLE, and MALEVILL.

Melvill van Carnbee, meTvil vtn karn'ba, ( PIE-
TER,} BARON, a geographer and naval officer, born at
Aix-la-Chapelle in 1816. He produced the " Mariner's
Guide," ("Zeeman's Gid," 1842.) Died in 1856.

Melville, mSl'vil, (ANDREW,) an eminent Scottish
Reformer and scholar, born in Forfarshire in 1545. He
studied in Paris, and subsequently became professor of
humanities at Geneva. After his return to Scotland he
was appointed principal of Glasgow College, where he
introduced great improvements in the discipline and
was eminently successful as a teacher. He was active!)
engaged in the religious controversies of the time, and
was chiefly instrumental in the abolition of episcopacy
in Scotland. He became in 1580 principal of Saint
Mary's College, Saint Andrew's, where he also filled the
chair of theology and the Oriental tongues. Having
given offence to King James by his bold opposition to
the measures of the court, he was imprisoned five years,
and subsequently retired to France, and was appointed
professor of theology at Sedan. Died in 1622.

Melville, (GEORGE WALLACE,) an American naval
engineer, born at New York, January 10, 1841. He
was appointed to the navy as assistant engineer in
i 81 i , served through the civil war, and in 1869 sailed
on the Jeannette Polar Expedition. He headed the
boat's crew which survived the Arctic rigors and the
expedition which afterwards recovered the remains of
De Long and his comrades in the Lena delta. He
was specially rewarded by Congress for his courage,
was appointed engineer-in-chief of the navy in 1887,
and given the rank of renr-admirnl in 1899. He made
three Arctic voyages in all.

Melville, (GEORGE WHYTE,) an English novelist,
born about 1820. He was a captain in the Coldstream
Guards. He produced many novels, the best-known
of which are " Digby Grand," (1853,) "Tiibury Nogo,"
(1853.) "General Bounce," (1854,) "Kate Coventry,"
(1856,) "Holmby House," (1860,) "The Gladiators,"
(1863.) and "Katerfelto," (1875.) Died December 5, 1878.

Melville, (HERMAN,) an American novelist and trav-
eller. born in New York in 1819. Having made a voy-
age to the Pacific in 1841, he spent several months on
one of the Marquesas Islands, and subsequently visited
the Sandwich and Society Islands. He published, after
his return, a narrative of his adventures, entitled
"Typee," (1846,) which was received with great favour,
both in the United States and England. Among his
other principal works are " Omoo, a Narrative of Ad-
ventures in the South Seas," " White Jacket, or the
World in a Man-of-War," (1850,) and "The Piazza
Tales." Died in New York, September 28, 1891.

See DUVCKINCK, " Cyclopaedia of American Literature," Tol. U.

Melville or Melvil, (Sir JAMES,) a Scottish states-
man and historian, born in Fiff shire in 1530. Having



5, e, i, 6, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, otscurf; fir, fall, fit; m<H; not; gon<l; moon



MEL VILLE



1701



MENAHEM



been appointed page to Mary Queen of Scots during
her resfdence in France, he accompanied her on hei
return to Scotland, and was made her privy councillor
and employed in several important negotiations. He
died in 1606, leaving in manuscript a work published in
1683, under the title of "Memoirs of Sir James Melvil
of Halhill," etc., which are highly valuable as records
of his time. Froude speaks of Melville as " a man who,
without the faintest pretensions to statesmanship, was
as skilled an intriguer as Europe could boast." (" His-
tory of England," vol. viii. chap, viii.)

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen "

Melville, LORD. See DUNDAS, (HENRY.)

Melville, (ROBERT,) a Scottish officer, born in Fife-
shire in 1723, served against the French in the West
Indies in 1762, and was appointed governor of the pos-
sessions conquered from France. He was a Fellow of
the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries.
Died in 1809.

Melzi, mll'zee, (GAETANO,) COUNT, an Italian littlrn-
(fur, born at Milan in 1783, published a "Biography of
Italian Romances and Poems of Chivalry," (1838,) and
" Dictionary of Pseudonyms and Anonymous Works of
Italian Writers," etc., (1848,) both of which enjoy a
high reputation. He was the owner of a library of
more than thirty thousand volumes, consisting chiefly
of rare and valuable works. Died in 1852.

Melzi d'Eril, mSl'zee da-rel', (FRANCESCO,) an Ital-
ian statesman, born at Milan in 1753. On the invasion
of Italy by the French he had a prominent part in the
establishment of the Cisalpine republic, of which he
was made vice-president In 1802. He was afterwards
created by Napoleon high-chancellor of Italy, and Duke
of Lodi, (1809.) He was a grandee of Spain. Died
in 1816.

See THIERS, " History of the Consulate and of the Empire ;'
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge"ne"rale."

Memling, mfim'ling, Hemling, hgm'ling, or Meru-
melinck, mem'meh-Iink', (HANS or HAUSSE,) an emi-
nent Flemish painter, the date and place of whose birth
are unknown. He flourished about 1450-85. Among
his master-pieces are the " Marriage of Saint Catherine,"
and a "Baptism of Christ." Died at Bruges in 1495.

See P. H^DOUIN, " Memling. Etude stir sa Vie et ses Ouvrages,'
1847 ; " Lives of the Early Flemish Painters."

Memmi. See MARTINI, (SiMONE DI.)

Memminger, me'm'min-jer, ? (CHARLES GUSTAVUS,)
a native of Wiirtemberg, Germany, born in 1803, settled
at Charleston, South Carolina, where he became distin-
guished as a lawyer and politician. He zealously opposed
the State Rights party, which he satirized in his " Book
of Nullification," (1832.) He was appointed secretary of
the treasury in the cabinet of Jefferson Davis in February,
1861, and resigned in June, 1864. Died March 7, 1888.

Mem'ml-us, (CAius,) a Roman tribune, was a strenu-
ous opponent of the aristocrats. He became tribune
of the people in in B.C., and exposed the venality and
corruption of the aristocratic leaders in their manage-
ment of the Jugurthine war. While a candidate for the
consulship, he was killed by the mob led by Saturninus
in 100 B.C.

Memmius, (CAius GEMELLUS,) a Roman orator,
poet, and politician, was a tribune of the people in 66
B.C., and prastor in 58. He was a son-in-law of Sulla,
and friend of Lucretius, who dedicated to him his poem
" De Rerum Natura." He is also frequently mentioned
by Cicero. Having been accused of bribery, (ambitus,)
he went into exile about 54 B.C.

Mem'non, [Gr. Mi/tvar,] a mythical personage, sup-
posed to have been a son of Tithonus and Eos, (Aurora,)
and a king of Ethiopia or Egypt. According to tradition,
he fought for the Trojans at the siege of Troy, slew An-
tilochus, and was killed by Achilles. The poets feigned
that the dew-drops which appear in the morning are the
tears which Aurora shed for the death of Memnon. Many
writers identify Memnon with Amenoph'is II. of Egypt,
in whose honour was erected the celebrated colossal
statue near Thebes. This statue, which is still extant
and is about fifty feet high, was commonly believed by
the ancients to emit a sound when it was first touched
by the beams of the morning sun. Some writers, in-



cluding Sir Gardner Wilkinson, believe that the phe-
nomenon was the result of imposture.

See SIR J. GARDNER WILKINSON, "Topography of Thebes,"
PP- 33-37-

Mem'non, a Greek general in the service of Da


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 142 of 425)