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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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a Spanish writer, born about 1590, was appointed private
secretary to Philip IV. He wrote a number of popular
dramas, also lyric poems and prose works. Died in 1644.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature."

Mendoza, de, (ANTONIO SARMIENTO,) a Spanish
writer, a native of Burgos, lived about 1630. He trans-
lated Tasso's "Jerusalem Delivered" into Spanish.

Mendoza, de, (Don BERNARDINO,) a Spanish his-
torian and diplomatist, was employed by Philip II. in

several missions to France and England. He had a
prominent share, while in France, in the formation of the
Catholic League. He was the author of a " History of
the Netherlands from 1567 to 1577," and a treatise '' On
the Theory and Practice of War."

See MOTLEY, " History of the United Netherlands," vol. i. chap
Hi. ; CAPEFIGUE, " Histoire de la Refonne etla Ligiie."

Mendoza, de, (DiEGO HURTADO,) a celebrated Span-
ish writer, soldier, and diplomatist, born at Granada in
1503, was a grandson of the Marquis de Santillana,
noticed below. He studied at Salamanca, and distin-
guished himself by his attainments in the classics,
theology, and civil and canon law. He was afterwards
patronized by Charles V., who sent him in 1538 on an
embassy to Venice. While in this post, he devoted him-
self to the collection of Greek and Latin manuscripts, of
which he acquired a great number, comprising works of
Saint Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, and Archimedes. They
were subsequently ceded to the Library of the Escurial.
He was soon after appointed by the emperor ambassador
at Rome and governor of Sienna. Having returned to
Spain in 1554, he incurred the displeasure of Philip II.,
who banished him from court. He devoted himself
thenceforth to literary pursuits, and published in 1610
his " History of the Wars against the Moors," ("Guerra
de Granada contra los Moriscos.") This work, which
has taken its place among Spanish classics, is charac-
terized by great accuracy and impartiality, and is esteemed
the best imitation of the Latin historians in modern lite-
rature. He was also the author of a number of poems,
and the celebrated comic romance of " Lazai illo de
Tormes," (1554,) in which he originated the so-called
Picaresque school of fiction, afterwards followed by Le
Sage in his " Gil Bias." " Mendoza," says Prescott, "by
the brilliant success which he achieved as a statesman,
a diplomatist, a novelist, a poet, and a historian, has
established a reputation for versatility of genius second
to none in the literature of Spain." Died in 1575.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature ;" SISMONDI,
"Histoire des Rdpubliques Italiennes;" PRESCOTT, "History of
Philip II.;" LONGFELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe :" N.
ANTONIO, " Bibliotheca Hispana Nova;" BOUTBRWEK, " Histoira
de la Literature Espagnole;" " Nouvelle Biographic G^ne'rale;'*
Notice of " Lazarillo de Tormes" in the " Retrospective Review,'*
vol. ii., 1820.

Mendoza, de, (!NIGO LOPEZ.) See MONDEJAR, MAR-
QUIS DE., (ISico LOPEZ,) Marquis de Santillana,
(da san-tel-ya'ni,) a Spanish poet, born in 1398, was a
friend of Juan de Mena and the Marquis de Villena, and
one of the most brilliant writers of the court of John II
He is said to have introduced the sonnet into Spanish
poetry. Among his best works is an "Elegy on the
Marquis de Villena." Mendoza was also a distinguished
soldier, and was created a marquis as a reward for his
services at the battle of Olmedo, (1445.) Died in 1458.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature :" BOUTERWEK,
" Geschichte der Spanische Poesie und Reredtsamkeit ;" LONGFEL-
LOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe. "

Mendoza, de, (JUAN GONZALEZ,) a Spanish mission-
ary, born at Toledo about 1540. He visited China in
1580, and subsequently South America and Mexico.
He died as Bishop of Popayan in New Granada, (1617.)
He was the author of a " History of the Great Kingdom
of China," (1586,) which enjoys a high reputation and
has been translated into French.

Mendoza, de, (Don PEDRO,) a wealthy Spaniard,
born at Cadiz about 1487. He offered his 'services, in
1529, to the emperor Charles V., to complete, at his own
expense, the exploration of the rivers La Plata and Para-
guay. Having been created by the emperor military
chief of the country adjacent to those rivers, he set sail
in 1534, and founded the city of Buenos Ayres in 1535.
He died soon after, while at sea on his return to Spain.

Mendoza, de, (PEDRO GONZALEZ,) a Spanish prelate
and statesman, called THE GRAND CARDINAL, born in
1428. He enjoyed the favour of John II. and Henry
IV., and was created successively Bishop of Siguenza,
Chancellor of Castile and Lear., and cardinal, (1473.)
Under Ferdinand and Isabella he became Archbishop
of Toledo. He also distinguished himself in the Moons!)
war, in which he held a command. He founded the

a, e, T, 6, u, y, long;^, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, ii, y, short; a,e, i, o, eb^-ui-,-; idr, tall, (At; met; n8t; good; moon-




magnificent College of Santa Cruz at Valladolid, and a
hospital at Toledo. Died in 1495.

Meiidoza, de, (PEURO DE SALAZAR,) a Spanish his-
torical writer, born at Toledo about 1550, published a
" Chronicle of the House of Ponce de Leon," (1620,) and
a "Chronicle of the Grand Cardinal of Spain, Pedro
Gonzalez de Mendoza," (1625.) Died in 1629.

Me-nec'ra-tes, [Gr. Mfi'ocpunjc,] a physician who
made himself ridiculous by calling himself Jupiter. His
vanity was rebuked by Philip of Macedon, who in-
vited him to a banquet and offered him only incense
and libations.

Men-e-de'mus, [Gr. Mev<5j7,uof ; Fr. MENEDfeME,
ma'na'dim',] a Greek philosopher, born at Eretria in the
fourth century B.C. He was the founder of the school of
Eretria, and was a disciple of Plato and Stilpo. Died
about 277 B.C.

Menelas. See MKNELAUS.

Men-e-la'us, |Gr. Mfvf/laoc, MtvfAtuf, or Mci'fAaf ; Fr.
MENELAS, mi'na'las', | a Grecian hero and king of Sparta,
was a son of Atreus. lie and his brother Agamemnon
were called Atridae. He married the beautiful Helen,
who preferred him to all of her numerous suitors, but
afterwards eloped with Paris. At the siege of Troy,
which was the consequence of the abduction of Helen,
Menelans behaved with great spirit and courage, and
fought a single combat with Paris, whom he was about
to vanquish, when Venus interposed and rescued him.
He was one of the daring band that entered Troy in
the wooden horse. On the capture of Troy he recov-
ered Helen, was reconciled to her, and, after a devious
voyage of several years, returned to Sparta. A temple
was erected in his honour at Therapne.

Menelaus, a celebrated mathematician and astrono-
mer of Alexandria, resided in Rome under the reign of
Trajan. His only extant work is a treatise on spherical
geometry, which was translated into Latin.

Men'elik II.. King of Abyssinia, was born in
1843, and succeeded to the crown in 1889, on the
death of John II. In the same year he concluded a
treaty which placed his kingdom under an Italian pro-
tectorate. Disputes concerning the text of the treaty
arising, hostilities broke out, which ended in the com-
plete defeat of the Italians and the freeing of the
kingdom from foreign influence. Menelik endeavoured
to promote the civilization of his people, and cultivated
relations with foreign powers.

Me-ne'nI-us A-grip'pa, surnamecl LANA'TUS, a
Roman patrician and senator, was chosen consul in
503 B.C. He obtained a signal victory over the Sa-
bines, for which a triumph was decreed him. Through
his mediation the contest between the patricians and
the plebeians was appeased in 493. On this occasion
he related the fable of the belly and the members to
the plebeians.

Me-nep'thah II., a king of Egypt, of the nineteenth
dynasty, was the son and successor of Rameses II. He
gained a great victory over the Greeks and Libyans, prob-
ably in what is now called Barca, and reigned thirty years
with great dignity. His son, Menepthah III., is said to
have been at first a viceroy of Ethiopia under the usurp-
ing Sipthah, or pseudo-Menepthah, whom he deposed.
After this he reigned for many years at Thebes. He was
the last king of his dynasty.

Me'nei [Gr. M^vw, or Mi?wf) was the first king 01
Egypt, according to the traditions of that country. He
is said to have founded Memphis, and to have introduced
the worship of the gods. He lived probably 2000 B.C.,
or earlier.

Meneses or Menezes, ma-na'se's, (ALEIXO,) a Por-
tuguese prelate, born at Lisbon in 1559, became Arch-
bishop of Goa, and in 1607 succeeded Alphonso de
Castro as Viceroy of the Indies. He was appointed
by Philip III. of Spain Viceroy of Portugal in 1614.
Died in 1617.

Meneses Osorio, ma-na'se's o-so're-o, (FRANCISCO,)
a Spanish painter, born at Seville in 1630, was one of
the most distinguished pupils of Murillo. Among his
master-pieces are "Saint Philip de Neri adoring the
Virgin," and " Saint Catherine." Died in 1705.

cas*. 9as.r,- gAarJ; gas/; G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; v.,trilltd; sasz; thasin

Menesthee. See MENESTHEUS.

Me-ne's'theus, [Gr. Mn'roSriJf ; Fr. MENESTHK, mi'-
neVta',] a semi-fabulous king of Athens, obtained the
throne in the absence of Theseus, who was the lawful
monarch. He commanded the Athenians in the Trojan

Menestheus, [Mevfafleic,] an able Athenian general,
was a son of Iphicrates. He was appointed commander
in the Social war, 356 B.C. He also commanded a naval
expedition against the Macedonians in 335 B.C.

Meuestrier, meh-neVtRe-i', (CLAUDE FRANCOIS,) a
learned French ecclesiastic and antiquary, born at Lyons
in 1631. He was the author of numerous treatises on
heraldry, antiquities, and history, among which we may
name "On Ancient and Modern Chivalry," (1673,) "The
Origin of Armorial Bearings," (1679,) and "The Philos
ophy of Images," (2 vols., 1682-83.) Died in 1705.

Menestrier, Le, leh meh-neVtRe^i', (CLAUDE,) a
French antiquary, whose principal ^"work is entitled
" Statue of the Symbolical Ephesian Diana Explained."
Died in 1639.

Menestrier, Le, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French anii-
quary, born at Dijon in 1564, was the author of a work
entitled " Medals, Coins, and Antique Monuments of the
Roman Empresses," (1625.) Died in 1634.

Meueval, de, deh man'vSl', (CLAUDE FRANC.OIS,)
BARON, a French historian, born in Paris in 1778. During
the empire he served Napoleon as secretary, (stcritciirc
in portefeuille.) He wrote "Napoleon et Marie Louise,
Souvenirs historiques," (3 vols., 1843-45.) Died in 1850.

Menezes. See MENESES.

Menezes. See ERICEIRA.

Meugoli, mSn'go-lee, (PiETRO,) an Italian geometer,
born at Bologna in 1625 ; died in 1686.

Meugs, mengs, (ANTON RAFAEL,) a celebrated Ger-
man painter, born at Aussig, in Bohemia, in 1728. He
was irrstructed by his father, with whom he resided several
years at Rome. On his return to Germany he was ap-
pointed court painter at Dresden, in 1744. While on a
second visit to Rome, he painted a " Holy Family," which
won for him a high reputation. The Madonna in this
picture was the portrait of a beautiful peasant-girl, whom
Mengs afterwards married, having become a Catholic
for her sake. He became in 1754 director of the Acad-
emy of Painting at Rome, and in 1757 he executed his
celebrated fresco of "Apollo and the Muses" in the villa
of Cardinal Albani On the invitation of Charles III.
of Spain, he repaired to Madrid, where he was appointed
first painter to the king, with a large salary. Here he
produced several of his master-pieces, among which we
may name his "Temple of Glory" and "Triumph of
Trajan" in the royal palace. He died at Rome in 1779.
Mengs is ranked among the best painters of his time,
his works being distinguished by great accuracy of de-
sign and neatness of execution, but they are censured
by critics as deficient in warmth and animation.

See GUIBAL, " filoge historique de Mengs," 1781 ; J. J. MA-
RIETTE, "Abecedario;" BlANCONr, " Elogio storico di R. Mengs,"
1780; NAGLER, "Allgemeines Kiinstler-Lexikon."

Meug-Tse or Meng-Tseu. See MENCIUS.

Meuil-Durand, de, deh ma'nel' dii'roN', (FRANC.OIS
JEAN DE Graindorge d'Orgeville gRaN'doRzh'
doRzh'vel',) BARON, a French officer, born at Lisieux
in 1729, published a number of works on military tactics.
Died in 1799.

Meninski, meh-naN'ske', (FRANgois DE MESGNIKN,)
a French Orientalist, whose original name was MENIN,
born in Lorraine in 1623. Having accompanied the
Polish ambassador to Constantinople, he became inter-
preter to the embassy, and subsequently ambassador.
He was appointed in 1671 first interpreter of Oriental
languages at the court of Vienna. His principal work
is a "Dictionary of Oriental Languages," ("Thesaurus
Linguarum Orientalium," 3 vols., 1680,) which is highly
esteemed. Died in 1698.

See " Noiivelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Menippe. See MENIPPUS.

Me-nip'pus, [Gr. Mfwa-Trof ; Fr. MENIPPE, mi'nep',]
a Cynic philosopher and poet, was a native of Phcenicia,
and lived probably about 60 B.C. Having amassed a
large fortune by usury, he destroyed himself in con-


e Explanations, p.




seqtence of having been robbed of his treasures. He
was the author of numerous satires, none of which are
extant Varro is said to have imitated the style of Menip-
pus. He is also mentioned by Lucian in his " Dialogues."

See VARRO, "Satine Menippez:" J. F. LBV, "Dissertatio de
Vita Scriptisque Menippi Cyniti," 1843.

Menippus, a Greek geographer under the reign of
Augustus, was a native of Pergamus, in Asia Minor.

See " Menippos der Geograph aus Pergamon," etc., 1841, by

Menippus OF STRATONICE, an eminent Greek rheto-
rician, renowned throughout Asia for his eloquence. He
is highly commended by Cicero in his " Brutus."

Menuander, mln-nan'der, (CARL FREDRIK,) a
learned Swedish prelate, born at Stockholm in 1712.
He became Bishop of Abo, in Finland, and subsequently
Archbishop of Upsal, (1775.) Died in 1786.

Meunechet, meVshi', (fiooUARD,) a French littl-
rateur, born at Nantes ir. 1794. He produced odes,
dramas, and " Le Plutarque Francais," a collection of
lives of eminent Frenchmen, (8 vols.) Died in 1845.

Mennes, menz, (Sir JOHN,) an English poet and
royalist, born in Kent in 1591 ; died in 1671.

Menno, men'no, [Fr. MENNON, ma'noN',] (SiMONis,)
the founder of the sect of Mennonites, was born in Fries-
land in 1496 His doctrines resembled in some points
those of the Anabaptists, but were free from the absurd-
ities and excesses of the latter. The Mennonites were
included in the prescriptive edicts of the emperor Charles
V. in 1540, and a price was set on the head of their
founder. Menno died in 1561. His followers settled in
England, Holland, and North America, and are every-
wnere favourably known for their virtues and industry.

See MULLEE, "Cirabria Literata."

Mennon. See MENNO.

Menochio, mi-no'ke-o, [Lat. MENO'CHIUS,] (Gio-
VANNI STEFANO,) a learned Italian Jesuit and theologian,
born at Pavia in 1576. He became rector of the colleges
of his order at Rome and M6dena. His principal work
is a commentary on the Scriptures, entitled " Brevis Ex-
positio Sensus literalis totius Scriptural," (2 vols., 1630.)
Died in 1655.

Menochio, QACOPO,) an Italian jurist, father of the
preceding, was bom at Pavia in 1 532. He was appointed
a president of the Council of Milan by Philip II. of
Spain. He wrote several valuable legal treatises, in
Latin. Died in 1607.

Menochius. See MENOCHIO.

Me-npd'o-tus, [Gr. MiywxioToc,] a Greek physician of
Nicomedia, lived probably about 100 A.D. He belonged
to the sect of Empirici. He wrote a medical work,
which Erasmus translated into Latin.

Mencetjua, me-nee'she-ijs, [Gr. Mevomor.,] a son of
Actor, and father of Patroclus, took part in the Argo-
nautic expedition.

Me'non, [Gr. Mcvuv,] a Thessalian general, who
served in the Lamian war against the Macedonians. He
and Antiphilus were defeated by Antipater at Cranon in
322 B.C. He was killed in battle in 321 B.C.

Menon de Turbilly, de, deh meh-n6N' deh IU'R'-
oe'ye', (Louis FRANCOIS HENRI,) MARQUIS, a French
agricultural writer, born near La Fleche in 1712, wrote a
'Treatise on Clearing Land." Died in 1776.

Meuot, meh'no', (MiciiEL,) an eminent French Fran-
:iscan preacher, born in 1440; died in 1518.

Menou, de, deh meh-noo', (JACQUES FRANCOIS,)
BARON, a French general, born in Touraine in 1750.
He served in the republican army in the Vendean cam-
paign of 1793, and in 1795 commanded the National
Guard which suppressed the insurrection in the Fau-
bourg Saint-Antoine. As general of division, he accom-
panied Napoleon to Egypt in 1798, and on the death of
Kleber was invested with the chief command. In 1801
he was besieged in Alexandria by Sir Ralph Abercrom-
bie, to whom he was obliged to capitulate. After his
return to France, in 1802, he was appointed by Napo-
leon Governor of Piedmont, and subsequently of Venice.
Died in 1810.

See THIERS, "History of the Consulate and of the Empire;" DH
COURCELLHS, "Dictionnaire des G^neraux Francais;" "Nouvelle
Biographic G^nerale."

M6nt'chl-kof, written also Mentschikow, Merit
achikof, and Menchikof, (ALEXANDER DANIELO-
VITCII,) PRINCE, a celebrated Russian statesman and
general, born at Moscow about 1670, was the son of a
pastry-cook. His talents procured for him at an early
age the notice and favour of Peter the Great, and, having
served with great distinction in several campaigns against
the Swedes, he was created a field-marshal after the battle
of Pultava, (1709.) He was also made a prince of the
empire, and governor-general of Saint Petersburg, and
obtained from the King of Prussia the decoration of the
Black Eagle. On the death of Peter (172^) Mentchikof
caused the empress-dowager to be proclaimed empress,
under the title of Catherine I., and appointed a council
of regency for the son of Alexis, afterwards Peter IL
The latter, becoming weary of the insolence of Mentchi-
kof, caused him to be arrested for his abuse of power,
and exiled to Siberia, where he died in two years, (1729.)

See M. RANFT, " Leben des beruhmten Fiirsten Mentschikow,"
1774; " Leben und Todt des Fiirsten Menzikoff." 1730; VOLTAIRE,
"Histoire de Russie sous Pierre le Grand;" "Anecdotes secretes
de la Cour du Czar," 1780.

Mentchikof, (ALEXANDER SERGEIVITCH,) a Russian
admiral, great-grandson of the preceding, born in 1789.
Soon after the accession of the emperor Nicholas, he
was sent as ambassador-extraordinary to Persia. He
was appointed Governor-General of Finland in 1831,
and was subsequently created an admiral and minister
of the marine. In the Crimean war he was charged with
the defence of Sevastopol, and was defeated at the Alma
by the allies in September, 1854. Died in May, 1869.

See DESESSARTS, " Portraits des Hommes de la Guerre de
1'Orient;" " NouveUe Biographic G^ne'rale."

Mentel, m&N'te 1 !', (JACQUES,) a French physician,
born at Chateau-Thierri in 1597, wrote a Latin work in
which he claims the invention of printing for John Men-
tel of Strasburg. Died in 1671.

Mentel, men'tel, or Mentelin, mSn'teh-Ieen', (Jo-
HANN,) the first printer of Strasburg, born at Schelestadt
about 1410, is said to have been instructed in his art by
Gutenberg. He printed in 1473 the "Specula" of Vin-
cent de Beauvais, (10 vols. fol.) Mentel was ennobled
by the emperor Frederick III. Died in 1478.

See LABORDE, "Debuts de I'lmprimerie k Strasbourg," 1840;
JACQUES MENTEL, " De vera Typographiz Origine," 1650.

Meutelle, moN'tSl', (EoME,) born in Paris in 1730,
was the author of a "Selection of Geographical and
Historical Lectures," (6 vols., 1783,) and other similar
works. He was a member of the French Institute.
Died in 1815.

See QUERARD, "La France Litt<<raire ;" SALM-DYCK, "Notice
ur la Vie de Mentelle," 1839.

Men'tor, [Gr. Mevrup,] a wise and faithful friend ot
Ulysses, King of Ithaca, who, on his departure to the
siege of Troy, intrusted to him the care of his house.
Minerva is said to have assumed the form of Mentor,
and to have accompanied Telemachus in his travels.
(See "Odyssey," books ii., iii., and iv.) Minerva, as
Mentor, performs a conspicuous part in Fe"nelon's cele-
brated romance of " TeMernaque."

Mentor, a Greek artist of the time of Pericles, was
celebrated for his exquisite chased work in gold and
silver. His productions are eulogized in the highest
terms by Pliny, Cicero, and Martial, and Crassus is said
to have paid 100,000 sesterces for one of his goblets.

Mentor, a Greek general, and a brother of Memnon.
He entered the service of the Persian king Artaxerxes
Ochus about 350 B.C., and led a successful expedition
against the Egyptians. By treachery he obtained pos-
session of Hermias, (a friend of Aristotle,) whom he
delivered to King Artaxerxes.

Meutu, in the ancient mythology of the Egyptians,
the god of the rising sun, corresponding with ATMU, (q. v.)
Like Atmu, Mentu is simply a phase, or form, of Ra, the

Mentzel, ment's?!, (CHRISTIAN,) a German naturalist
and philologist, born at Fiirstenwald in 1622. He pub-
lished " Kurze Chinesischen Chronologic," ("Chinese
Chronology Abridged," 1696,) and several botanical
works. Died in 1701.

Menu. See MANU.

Menu de Chomo 1 ceau, meh-nii' deh sho'moR'sd',

a, e,T, 6,5, y,/oK^.a.e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, ii, J, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure ; far, fill, fit; mft; not; good; moon;


(JEAN ETIF.NNE,) a French litterateur, horn in 1724, j mains of man and extinct animals in caves. He pub-
wrote a heroic poem entitled " Renaud," in imitation of I lished " Hill-Caves of Yucatan."
Tasso. Died in 1802. Mer'cer, (HUGH,) a distinguished general in the

Menzel, mint's;!, (ADOLPH,) a German painter, born American Revolutionary war, was a native of Scotland,
at Breslau in 1815. Among his principal works may be i| e f, mg ht against the French and Indians, and served
named "Frederick the Great at Sans-Souci," (in oil.) under Braddock in the campaign of 1755. He was

Menzel, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) a German, born severely wounded at Fort Du Quesne, after which he
about 1726, was private secretary at the court of Saxony, travelled on foot to Fort Cumberland, a distance of
Having revealed to the Russian ambassador the secret mO re than one hundred miles. He afterwards took part
correspondence between Russia, Saxony, and Austria, i n the engagements of Trenton and Princeton, and was
he was imprisoned at Kbnigstein, where he died, after a mortally wounded at the latter place, January, 1777. A
captivity of thirty-three years, in 1796. , monument has been erected to his memory at Laurel

Menzel, (KARL ADOLPH,) a German historian, born Hill, Philadelphia.

at Grunberg in 1784, was the author of a " History of Mercer, (JOHN,) an American officer and statesman,
Germany till the Reformation," (1815,) and a " Modern served in the war of the Revolution, and was a member
History of Germany from the Reformation to the Act 1 o f the convention which framed the United States Con-
of Confederation," (14 vols., 1848,) both of which are stitution. He was elected Governor of Maryland in
highly esteemed. Died in 1855. 1801. Died in 1821.

Menzel, (WOLFGANG,) a German critic and litterateur, Mercerus. See MERCIER, (JEAN.)
born at Waldenburg, in Silesia, in 1798. He became a Mercey, de, deh meR's^' or mlR'sa', (FRliDERK
resident of Stuttgart about 1825, and edited the "Litera- BOURGEOIS,) a French litterateur and landscape-painter,
turblatt" for many years. Among his numerous works r , orn j n Paris in 1808. He wrote works on art, and was
are histories of Germany, Europe, etc., an historical pj ac ed at the head of the Direction des Beaux-Arts in
romance called "Furore," "German Literature," 1853. Died September 5, 1860.

"History of Nature in a Christian Point of View," Mercie\ (MARIUS JEAN ANTOINE,) a French sculp-
etc. Died in 1873. tor, born at Toulouse in 1845. He won the Institute

Menzies, minglz, (ARCHIBALD,) a Scottish botanist, prize of twenty thousand francs in 1887, and was
born in Perthshire about 1754. He served as assistant elected to the Academy of Fine Arts in 1891.
surgeon in the navy. Died in 1842. Mercier, ( AUGUSTS,) a French general, born at

Menzini, mSn-zee'nee, (BENEDETTO,) an Italian poet, Arras in 1833. He entered the army in 1854, took
born at Florence in 1646. He visited Rome in 1685, part in the Franco-Prussian war, and rose to the rank
and obtained the patronage of Christina of Sweden, then of general of division in 1889. He was minister of
residing in that city. His poems are chiefly sonnets, war in the Dupuy cabinet 1893-95, and gained noto-
hymnsrand satires, which have a high reputation. His riety by his determination to convict Dreyfus, and by

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 144 of 425)