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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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of Austrasia, who was his aunt. By this act he lost the mythology, the name of a celebrated mountain, said to
favour of his father. He was persecuted by Queen be situated in the centre of the seven continents. Its
Fredegunda, his step-mother, who employed assassins height is supposed to be 84,000 yojanas,* of which 16,000
to kill him. After he had fled for refuge to various are below the surface of the earth. The sacred river
cities, he was killed in 577 A.D. Ganges (Ganga) falls from heaven on its summit, and

Mer'ret, (CHRISTOPHER,) an English physician and flows to the surrounding worlds in four streams, of
naturalist, born in Gloucestershire in 1614, was a Fellow which the southernmost is the Ganges of India. Brahma,
of the Royal Society and of the College of Physicians, attended by Rishis (sages) and celestial minstrels, U
He published an "Account of the Animal, Vegetable, supposed to reside on Mount Meru, on one of the highest
and Mineral Producticr.s of Great Britain," and several summits of which, Kailasa, dwells also Siva, with his
medical treatises. Died in 1695. consort, ParvatL

Mer'riam, (CLINTON HART,) an American biolo- Merula, ma'roo-la or meR'oo-la, (GIORGIO,) an Italian
gist, born at New York in 1855. He entered the scholar, born at Alessandria della Paglia in 1424. He
government service in 1872, and was made chief of the brought out in 1470 an edition of Martial's Epigrams,
Biological Survey in 1885. He wrote many works said to be the first ever published, and wrote comment-
and papers on biological subjects. ie . s n Cicero Phny and other classics. He was the

Merriam, f H ENR Y C. , ) an American general, bom f th r .<** " ls , tor y of the Vlscont1 ' PnnceS f ****
in Maine in 1837. He served through the < war, ^^ me'r^MPAUL,) Dutch jurist and writer,
was promoted colonel in 1885, bngadter-general in tern at Dort in ,553, was origlna |ly named VAN MERLE.

1897, and major-general n May, 1898. In Ken he succeeded Justus Lipsius as professor of his-

He wrote a " Life of Erasmus," and a
historical works, (in Latin.) Died

the poem of fryphiodorus on the " Capture of Troy.' '" MerulOi ma -Roo'lo, (CLAUDio,) an Italian organist,
He became a Fellow of Trinity College, Oxford.jn 1744. teacheri and com poser, born at Correggio in 1533. For
He also wrote a " Dissertation on Proverbs, and a twenty . seven vears he was organist at Saint Mark's, in
translation of the Psalms into English verse, regarded as VenicCi and 4 on a high reputation. Died at Parma,
one of the best in the language. Died in 1769. M . 1604.

Mer'rill, (STEPHEN M.,) D.D., a Methodist bishop, Merwan or MerO uan (mer'win') L, surnamed IBN-
born at Mount Pleasant, Ohio, September ID, 1825. e TARID] cali h of the d ynasty o f tne Omeyyads, born
became a preacher in 1845, and m 1872 was chosen a a( Mecca about & Having gained a victory over his
bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. riva l > Abdallah ben z o beir, Merwan was proclaimed

Mer'riman, ( H. SETON,) nom-de-plume of Hugh caliph in 684. He was assassinated by one of his wives
S. Scott, a British novelist, author of " The Phantom [ n 685 A.D.

Future," (1889,) "With Edged Tools," (1894,) Merwan or Merouan U,(Aboo- (Abu- or Abou-)
"The Sowers," (1896,) etc. Abdelmelek, a'boo abd-el-mel'ek,) one of the Omey-

Mer'ritt, (ANNA LEA,) an American artist, born at yad caliphs, grandson of the preceding, was born at
Philadelphia in 1844. Of her pictures the best known Damascus in 688 A.D. He was victorious over several
is " Eve Overcome by Remorse." In later years she rivals, but was at last defeated by Abool-Abbas, son
devoted herself to etching. of Ibrahim, in 749 A.D. He was subsequently killed by

Merritt, (WESLEY,) an American soldier, born at the Christians, whom he had cruelly persecuted.

New York in 1836. He graduated in 1860 at West
Point, and served from 1861 to 1865 with great dis-
tinction, chiefly as a cavalry officer, attaining the
rank of major-general of volunteers. He continued

Mery, ma're', (!EAN,) a French surgeon and anato-
mist, born at Vatan in 1645, published a work entitled

A yo'jana (called yo'jiin in the common dialect of India) is usu-
ally reckoned at 16,000 J'ards, or about nine of our miles ; but, ac-

in the army, reached the rank of major-general in the cording to some authorities, it is only five miles.

a, e, I, o, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, p, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon;




"New System of the Circulation of the Blood," (1700,
and other medical treatises. He was first surgeon of
the H6tel-Dieu, in Paris, and a member of the Acade:
of Sciences. Died in 1722.

See FONTENELLE, " filoges des AcadiSniiciens," etc
M6ry, (JOSEPH,) a French litterateur, born near Mar
seilles in 1798, wrote numerous poems, romances, anc
dramas. Died at Paris, June 17, 1866.

Meryon, ma'Re'6N', (CHARLES,) an eminent French
etcher, born in Paris in 1821. His father was an English
physician, his mother a danseust. Having served some
time in the navy, he tried to become a painter, but, being
colour-blind, he finally devoted himself to etching. He
was very poor, and died in a mad-house in 1868. Un-
appreciated in his lifetime, Meryon's etchings are now
regarded as among the most masterly ever produced.
The twenty-two " Eaux-fortes sur Paris" (1850-54) are
the most famous. He is said to have made only ninety-
four etchings in all. (See WEDMORE, "Meryon and
Meryon's Paris.")

Merz, mSkts, (JACOB,) a Swiss painter and engraver,
born in the canton of Zurich in 1783; died in 1807.

MerzliakoforMerzliakov, merz-le-a'kof, (ALEXIS
FEODOROVITCH,) a Russian critic anopoet, born in
1778, became professor of eloquence and poetry at
Moscow. Among his principal works is a " Discourse
on the Poetry of the Ancients," etc. His lyric poems
are highly esteemed by his countrymen. He also trans-
lated into Russian Tasso's "Gerusalemme Liberata,"
and various works in Latin, Greek, and French. Died
in 1827.

Mesa, ma'sa, (CRISTOBAL,) a Spanish poet, born in
Estremadura about 1540. During a residence of five
years at Rome, he became an intimate friend of Tasso.
He was the author of several heroic poems, which, how-
ever, are much less esteemed than his translations of
Virgil's "yEneid," "Georgics," and " Bucolics." Died
about 1620.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature."

Mesenguy or Mesengui, ma-zoN'ge', ( FRANC.OIS
PHILIPPE,) a French ecclesiastic, born at Beauvais in
1677, was an adherent of Jansenism, and published sev-
eral treatises against the constitution Unigenitus. He
also wrote an "Abridgment of the History of the Old
and New Testament," (1737,) which is commended by
Rollin. Died in 1793.

See LEQUEUX, " Memoire sur la Vie, etc. de I'Abbe" Me'sengui,' 1

MesLbi. meVe-hee, a celebrated Turkish poet, flour-
ished in the reign of Solyman I. He is one of the seven
whose names, written in golden letters, are suspended
in the temple of Mecca, and who have been styled by
their countrymen "the Pleiades." One of his idyls has
been translated by Sir William Jones, in his " Commen-
taries on Asiatic Poetry."

See VON HAMMER, "Geschichte der Osmanischen Dichtung."

Mesle, m&'la', (JEAN,) a French advocate in the Par-
liament of Paris, wrote a valuable "Treatise on Minori-
ties," (1714.) Died in 1756.

Mesmer, mSs'mer, (FRIEDRICH ANTON,) founder of
the doctrine of Mesmerism, or animal magnetism, was
born at Meersburg, in Suabia, in 1733. Having made
various experiments with the mineral magnet, he was
led to the discovery of the power since called Mesmer-
ism. This he made public in 1775, m nis "Letter to
a Foreign Physician on Magnetism." He soon after
established a hospital at Vienna for the perfection and
promulgation of his discovery, and repaired in 1778 to
Paris, where he devoted himself to the cure of diseases
and made many proselytes. He subsequently refused a
large sum of money offered him by the French govern-
ment for his secret. A number of his adherents having
presented him with 340,000 livres, on condition of being
instructed in his doctrine, he received the money, but
did not perform his promise. He died in Germany in
1815, leaving several treatises, one of which was entitled
"Memoire de Mesmer sur ses Decouvertes," (1799.)

See THOURET, " Recherches et Domes sur le Magnetisme ani-
Tial," 1784; JOZWIK, "Sur le Magnetisme animal," 1832: DK.
KOEFER, article in the "Nouvelle Biographic G^ne"rale."

Mesmes, de. See AVAUX.

Mesmes, de, deh mim, (HENRI,) a French states-
man, born in Paris in 1531, was a son of Jean Jacques,
noticed below. He became chancellor of the kingdom
of Navarre. Died in 1596.

Mesmes, de, (JEAN JACQUES,) a French diplomatist,
born in 1490, was patronized by Catherine of Navarre
and Francis I., and was appointed master of requests
in 1544. Died in 1569.

Mesmon, de, deh mfe'm6N', (GERMAIN HYACINTHS
de Romance deh ro'mSNss',) MARQUIS, a French
journalist, born in Paris in 1745. He edited succes-
sively, at Hamburg, the " Spectateur du Nord," the
"Reveil,"and the "Censeur," and afterwards repaired
to Saint Petersburg, where he became editor of the
"Journal du Nord." Died in 1831.

Mesnager, Le, leh m|'nf zha', (NICOLAS LE BAILLIF,)
a French diplomatist, born at Rouen in 1658. He was
sent as a secret agent to London in 1711, to negotiate
the preliminaries of peace, and he was one of the French
diplomatists that signed the treaty of Utrecht, (1713.)
Died in 1714.

Mesnard, m&'niR', (JACQUES ANDR*,) a French
lawyer and senator, born at Rochefort in 1792. He
became a counsellor in the court of cassation in 1841,
and a senator in 1852. He translated into French the
"Divina Commedia" of Dante, (3 vols., 1858.) Died in

Mesnardiere or Menardiere, de la, deh li ma'-
nfR'de-aiR', (HippOLYTE JULES PILET,) a French poet,
born at Loudun about 1610, was patronized by Cardinal
Richelieu. In 1655 he was elected a member of the
French Academy, a distinction which he owed chiefly
to his brilliant conversational powers. Died in 1663.

Mesnil. Du. See DUMESNIL.

Mesnil, du, du mi'nel', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French
lawyer, born in Paris in 1517, was appointed in 1556
royal advocate. Died in 1569.

Mea-o-me'dea, [Gr. Meoo^^c,! a lyric poet, who
flourished under the emperor Hadrian. Three of his
poems are preserved in the Greek Anthology.

Mesonero y Romanes, de, da ma-so-na'ro e ro-
ma'n6s. (RAMON,) a popular Spanish writer, born at
Madrid in 1803. His principal works are a " Manual
of Madrid, Description of the Court and the City," and
"Panorama of Madrid," ("Panorama Matritense," 1835,)
which are admired for their faithful delineations of life
and manners and the elegance of their style.

Mes-sa'la (or Mes-sallaJCor-vI'nus, (MARCUS VA-
LERIUS,) a celebrated Roman orator and general, born 59
B.C., at first opposed the party of Antony, and commanded
a division of the army of Brutus at the battle of PhilippL
After the death of Brutus he became general -in-chie
He was subsequently reconciled to Augustus, who made
lim consul, 31 B.C., and, five years after, prefect of Rome.
Among his other important military services, he reduced
Aquitania to subjection, for which he obtained a triumph,
27 B.C.) Died about n A.D. Of the writings of Messala
only fragments remain ; but his eloquence is spoken of
n the highest terms by Quintilian, Seneca, and the two
Plinys. He was intimate with Horace, Ovid, and Pollio,
and was a liberal patron of learning.

See M. C. VAN HALL. " M. V. Messala Coryinus," etc., 2 vols.,
821 ; L. WIHSK, " Dissertatio de Messala: Corvini Vita et Studiis,"
829; TACITUS, "Annales," books iv. and vi. ; APPIAN, " Bellura

Mes-sa-H'iia, [Fr. MESSALINE, mj'st'len',] a Roman
empress, notorious for her crimes, was a daughter of M.
Valerius Messala Barbatus. She was married to Clau-
[ius, who afterwards became emperor. She caused a
number of eminent Romans to be put to death. She
vas executed, by order of Claudius, in 48 A.D.

Mes-sa-ll'na Sta-till-a, granddaughter of Statilius
n aurus, became the third wife of the emperor Nero, in
36 A.D.

Messalla. See MESSALA.
Messape. See MESSAPUS.

Messapus, [Gr. MeaoaTrof,- Fr. MESSAPE, mi'slp',]
n classic mythology, a son of Neptuiie, and a king of
itruria. He fought for Turnus against j5neas, and was
upposed to be invulnerable.

eas; casj; gharj; gas/; G, H, Vi, guttural; N, nasal; v.,trillid; sasz,' th as in this.

xplanations, p.



Mes-se'ne, (Gr. Mead/vy,} the wife of Polycaon, whom
she induced to take possession of the country which was
afterwards called, from her, Messenia. A temple was
reeled to her honour.

Mes-se'nl-us, [Sw. pron. mSs-siT'ne-us,] (ARNOLD,)
son of Johan Messenius, noticed below, was made his-
toriographer to Christina of Sweden, and obtained a
title of nobility. Having been concerned with his son
in writing a libel on the royal family, they were both
condemned to death and executed, (1648.)

See "Anecdotes de Suede," The Hague, 1716.

Messenius, (JoHAN,) a Swedish historian, born in
Ostrogothia in 1584, was professor of law in the Uni-
versity of Upsal. Being accused of a treasonable cor-
respondence with the King of Poland and the Jesuits, he
was imprisoned in 1616. During his confinement of
nearly twenty years he wrote several historical works,
of which the most important is entitled "Scandia Illus-
trated," (in Latin.) Died in 1637.

See " Biographiskt- Lexicon ofver namnktmnige Svenska Man;"
P. STHNBECK, " De Vita et Meritis Messeniorum," 1741.

Mes'ser, (ASA.) D.D., LL.D., an American divine and
scholar, born at Methuen, Massachusetts, in 1769. He
graduated at Brown University, where he became suc-
cessively professor of the learned languages, (1796,) of
mathematics and natural philosophy, (1799,) and presi-
dent of the institution, (1802.) Died in 1836.

Messier, m4'se-a', (CHARLES,) a French astronomer,
born at BadonvillerTin Lorraine, in 1730. Having visited
Paris in 1751, he was employed by De Lisle in his ob-
servatory, and distinguished himself by the accuracy of his
astronomical observations. He is said to have observed
forty-six comets, of which he discovered twenty-one.
He was a member of the Academy of Sciences of Paris,
and of similar institutions at St Petersburg, Berlin, and
other cities. He died in 1817, leaving " Memoires" con-
taining his observations. Lalande named in honour
of this astronomer a constellation situated between Ce-
pheus, Cassiopeia, and the Camelopard.


Mes'siri-ger, (ROBERT HINCKLEY,) an American
poet, born in Boston, Massachusetts, in iSn. He pub-
lished a number ot anonymous poems, among them the
well-known "Give me the Old." Died in 1874.

Messis. See MATSYS, (QUENTIN.)

MSs'ton, (WILLIAM,) a Scottish poet, born in Aber-
Jeenshire about 1688, was the author of " Mother Grim's
Tales," in verse, and a poem entitled "The Knight"
Died in 1745.

Mestrezat, mes'tReh-zt", (JEAN,) a Protestant theolo-
gian and pulpit orator, born at Geneva in 1592, became
pastor of the church at Charenton, and distinguished
himself by his bold and eloquent defence of the Protest-
ants against the Roman clergy. He was the authoi
of theological treatises and sermons, which are nighly
esteemed. Died in 1657.

See SENEBIKR. " Histoire litte'rairede Geneve."

Mesue or Messua. See MASSOOA.

Meszaros, ma'sa-rosh, (LAZAR,) a Hungarian general
and statesman, born in the county of Bacs in 1796. In
1848 he was appointed minister of war in the Hungarian
cabinet of Batthyanyi, but on the breaking out of the
war joined the revolutionary party. After sharing with
Pembinski the defeat of Temesvar, he took refuge in
Turkey, and afterwards visited England and America,
Died in 1858.

Metastase. See METASTASIO.

Metastasio, ma-tas-ta'se-o, [Fr. METASTASE, ma'tis'-
tSz',] (PlETRO BONAVENTURA,) an eminent Italian poet,
born at Rome in 1698, was originally named TRAPASSI.
He manifested at an early age extraordinary talents
l<>r improvisation on any subject. Having attracted the
notice of the celebrated jurist Gravina, he was adopted
by him, and his name was changed to Metastasio, (a
" changing,") in allusion to his adoption. His benefactor
died in 1718, leaving his property to Metastasio, who
!iow devoted himself principally to literary pursuits,
and brought out in 1721 his lyric drama entitled "The
Gardens of the Hesperides," ("Gli Orti Esperidi.'"
This piece was received with great favour, one of the
principal parts in it being performed by Signorr* Hulija-

rini, (La Romanina,) esteemed the first vocalist of her
time. At the request of this lady, he relinquished the
legal profession, which he had practised for a time, and
gave his attention exclusively to poetry. His opera of
" Didone Abbandonata" was performed with great ap-
plause at Naples in 1724, and was followed by his "Ca-
tone," " Semiramide," "Artaserse," and other operas,
which established his reputation. On the invitation of
the emperor Charles VI., he repaired to Vienna, and
succeeded Apostolo Zeno as imperial laureate. In 1734
he lost his "inestimable counsellor and friend," Signora
Bulgarini, who bequeathed to him, after the death of
her husband, her property, amounting to twenty-five
thousand crowns. This, with characteristic delicacy, he
refused to accept. He brought out during his residence
at Vienna two of his most admired operas, the " Olim-
piade" and " La Clemenza di Tito," which the music
of Mozart has contributed to render immortal. Besides
the works above named, he composed a number of ora-
torios, cantatas, sonnets, etc. He died at Vienna in
1782. The genius of Metastasio is eulogized by Vol-
taire and La Harpe, the former of whom compares some
of his scenes to the most sublime of the Greek poets.
Rousseau, in his " Nouvelle Heloi'se," pronounces him
"the only poet of the heart, the only genius who can
move by the charm of poetic and musical harmony ;"
and Schlegel observes that his purity of diction, grace,
and delicacy have rendered him in the eyes of his coun-
trymen a classic author, the Racine of Italy.

See BURNEV, " Memoirs of Metastasio," 3 vols., 1796; TORCIA,
"Elosno del Abbate P. Metastasio," 1782 : HILLER, " Ueber P. Me-
tastasio und seine Werke," 1786; LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry
of Europe ;" ALTANESI, "Vita di P. Metastasio," 1787 ; "Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale;" "Lives of the Italian Poets," by the Rav.
HENRY STEBBISG, London, 1831.

an able English statesman, born in Calcutta in 1785, was
educated at Eton. He entered the service of the East
India Company as a writer, and became a member of the
Supreme Council of India in 1827. He resigned his
office, returned to England in 1837, and was appointed
Governor of Jamaica in 1839. For three years he per-
formed the duties of this difficult position with success.
He was appointed Governor-Gerteral of Canada about
February, 1843. In politics he was a Liberal. He re-
signed on account of ill health in the autumn of 1845,
and died at Basingstoke in September, 1846.

Metcalfe, (FREDERICK,) an English author, born in
1817. He graduated as B.A. at Saint John's College,
Cambridge, and then went to Oxford, where he became
a Fellow of Lincoln College. He was afterwards a cler-
gyman of the Establishment, and in 1848 was made head
master of Brighton College. He edited and adapted
Kicker's "Galius" (1844; revised edition, 1884) and
"Charicles," (1845, '884,) and wrote a "History of
German Literature," and accounts oi his travels in Nor-
way, Thelemarken, and Iceland, ("The Oxonian in Nor-
way," etc., 1856, 1858, 1861.) Died in 1885.

Met'calfe, (THOMAS,) an American Whig statesman,
born in Fauquier county, Virginia, in 1780, removed at
an early age to Kentucky. He worked at the trade of
stone-mason in his youth. He became Governor of
Kentucky in 1828, and filled that office four years. In
1848 he succeeded Mr. Crittenden in the Unfted States
Senate. His term expired in March, 1849. Died in 1855.

Metch'nikoff. KI.IAS) a Russian zoologist, was
born in the government of Kharkoff in 1845, and be-
came a professor at Odessa in 1870. He advanced
a theory th:.' is due to the destruction of the

vital cells of the body by the white blood-corpuscles,
and suggested tl -erum prepared from young

animals to give new vitality to the body.

Metelli. See MIIKLLI.

Me-tel'lus, (QUIXTUSC^ECILIUS,) called MACEDO'NI-
cus, an eminent Roman general, of a noble family, was
chosen praetor in 148 B.C. He gained a victory over the
Macedonians in that year, and" took their leader, An-
driscus, prisoner, for winch a triumph was decreed him.
In 146 he defeated the Achaeans near Thermopvla:. He
was made consul in 143, and was sent to Spain to op-
pose Vii iathus. It was during the censorship of Metellus

a, e, i, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged: a, e, I, 6, ii, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat ; m^t; nfit; good ; moon;




and Pompeius (131 B.C.) that the decree was passed
obliging all Roman citizens to marry. He opposed the
Gracchi. Died in 115 B.C.

See TACITUS, "Annales;" Livv, "Epitome."

Metellus, (QuiNxus CJECILIUS NUMIDICUS,) an able
Roman general, a nephew of the preceding, was a leader
of the aristocratic party. Having been chosen consul
for 109 B.C., he obtained as his province Numidia, then
the seat of war with Jugurtha, who had hitherto suc-
ceeded in outgeneralling or outwitting all the Roman
commanders sent against him. Metellus was more suc-
cessful, and finally gained a great victory over the African
prince at the river Muthul, towards the close of that
year. Before the end of this war the command was
transferred to Marius ; but Metellus was honoured with
a triumph on his return to Rome in 107, and received the
surname of NUMID'ICUS. He became censor in 102, and
was banished about 100 B.C., through the influence of
Marius and Saturninus, but he was recalled the next year.
He was distinguished as an orator, and was reputed, one
of the most virtuous men of his time.

See SALLUST, " Bellum Jugurthinum ;" PLUTARCH. " Marius."

Metellus, (QuiNius C>ciuus Pius,) a Roman
general, a son of the preceding, became praetor in 89
B.C. In the civil war between Marius and Sulla he
fought for the latter, and gained a decisive victory over
Carbo and Norbanus, near Faventia, in 82 B.C. He was
chosen consul with Sulla in the year 80, after which he
commanded in Spain and spent several years in un-
successful efforts to conquer Sertorius. He became
pontifex maximus. Died about 63 B.C.

Me-tel'lus Ce'ler, (Q. CJECILIUS,) a Roman states-
man, and leader of the aristocratic party. He became
praetor in 63 B.C., acted with Cicero against Catiline,
and was chosen consul for the year 60. During his
consulship he resolutely opposed the laws which his
colleague Afranius desired to enact for the benefit of
Pompey. Died in 59 B.C.

Me-tel'lus Ne'pos, (QuiNTUS,) a brother of the
preceding, became tribune of the people in 63 B.C., and
was a partisan of Pompey. As tribune, he opposed
Cicero with some violence. He became praetor in 60,
and consul in 57 B.C. Died about 55 B.C.

Meteren, van, vin ma'teh-ren, (EMANUEL,) a Flem-
ish Protestant historian, born at Antwerp in 1535, was
the author of a " History of the Netherlands from the
Early Part of the Sixteenth Century to his Own Time,"
(in Latin and Flemish.) It is valued for its accuracy;
but the historian is accused by some writers of injustice
towards the Catholics. Died in 1612.

See S. RUYTINCK, "Biographic de Van Meteren," prefixed to his
" Histoire," (French translation.)

Meteyard, met'yard, (EuzA,) an English writer, born
in Liverpool, June 21, 1822. Her pseudonym was
"Silverpen." Among her works are "Struggles for
Fame," (a novel, 1845,) "The Doctor's Little Daughter,"
(1850,) " Lilian's Golden Hours," (1856,) " Life of Wedg-
wood," (1865-66,) "A Group of Englishmen," (1871,)
and " Industrial and Household Tales," (1872.) Died
at South Lambeth, April 4, 1879.

Metezeau, meh'teh'zo', (CLEMENT,) a French archi-
tect, born at Dreux, constructed the great dyke of La
Rochelle, which, suggested by Cardinal Richelieu, was
the principal means of reducing that city in 1628. Died
about 1650.

Method or Methods. See METHODIUS.

Me-tho'dl-us, [Fr. METHODE, ma'tod',] SAINT, one
of the early Christian martyrs, surnamed PATARENSIS
on account of his having been Bishop of Patara. He
was also Bishop of Olympus, in Lycia, and afterwards

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 146 of 425)