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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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of Tyre. His piety and learning are highly commended
by Epiphanius and Jerome. He wrote a work entitled
" The Banquet of Ten Virgins," of which a great part
is extant He suffered martyrdom under Diocletian
about 312.

Methodius [Gr. McOoiio;] THE CONFESSOR, born at
Syracuse, was appointed Patriarch of Constantinople in
42 A.D. He was a zealous advocate of the worship
of images, and was the author of several learned works.
Died in 846.



Methodius, [Fr. METHODE, ma'tod'; Ger. METHOES
ma'tod,] a native of Thessalonica, was sent, with hi*
brother Cyrillus, by the Greek emperor Michael III., to
convert the Saracens on the Euphrates, and about 863
went on a mission to the Slavonians. They invented
the Slavonian alphabet, and translated the Psalter and
Gospels into Slavonic.

Methuen, (PAUL SANFORD,) BARON, an English
general, born in 1845. He entered the army in 1864,
was made major-general in 1890, and led the forces
for the relief of Kimberley in 1899, in which attempt
he was defeated by the Boers on Orange River.

Me-thu'se-lah, [Heb. n^tyiTO ; Fr. MATHUSALEM,*
mS'tu'za"16N', or MATHUSALA, mt'tu'zi'lS',] a Hebrew
patriarch, noted for his longevity, was a son of Enoch.
He is supposed to have died about six years before the
deluge, aged nine hundred and sixty-nine years.

Me'tis, [Gr. Jilf/rif ; Fr. METIS, ma'tess',] in classic
mythology, the personification of prudence, was the
daughter of Oceanus, and the first wife of Zeus or Jupiter.

Metius, ma'te-us, (ADRIAAN,) a Dutch mathematician,
born at Alkmaar in 1571. He studied under Tycho
Brahe in Denmark, and after his return to Holland was
appointed, in 1598, professor of mathematics in the Uni-
versity of Franeker. Among his works is a Latin essay
" On the Institutes of Astronomy." Died in 1635.

Metius, ( JAKOB,) brother of the preceding, is regarded
by Descartes and some other savants as the inventor of
the refracting telescope.

See BARLOW, "History of Optics;" BORHL, " De vero Tele-
scopii Inventore."

Metkerke, van, vtn mJt'kfRTceh, or Meetkercke,
mat'keR'keh, (ADOLPHUS,) a distinguished Flemish phi-
lologist, born at Bruges in 1528. He was a Protestant,
and was sent by the United Provinces on an embassy to
Queen Elizabeth of England. He translated Theocritus
into Latin verse, and published an edition of Dion and
Moschus. Metkerke was president of the Council of
Flanders. Died in 1591.

See MOTLKV, "United Netherlands," vol. i. chap. ui.

Metochita, mSt-o-Kee'ta, ? (THEODORE,) a modern
Greek historian, was the author of a "Compendium of
Roman History from Julius Caesar to Constantino the
Great," and a " Paraphrase of the Physics of Aristotle."
Died in 1332.

Me'ton, [Meruv,] a Greek astronomer, flourished in
432 B.C. He observed the solstice at Athens, and dis-
covered the lunar cycle of nineteen years, designed to
make the solar and lunar years begin at the same time.
This invention is called the Metonic cycle, and is still
employed by the Western Churches in their computation
of Easter.

See SUIDAS, "Melon;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Metrodore. See METRODORUS.

Met-ro-do'rus [Gr. Mjyrjwdupof Fr. METRODORE,
ma'tRo'doR'] OF CHIOS, a Greek philosopher, who lived
about 400 B.C., and wrote a " Treatise on Nature," which
was very celebrated. He is said to have been the mas-
ter of Anaxarchus.

See BAVLE, " Historical and Critical Dictionary ;" FABRICIUS
"Bibliotheca Grjeca."

Metrodorus OF LAMPSACUS, a Greek philosopher,
born in 230 B.C., was a disciple and intimate friend of
Epicurus. He sensualized and debased the doctrines
which he had received from his master, and contributed
not a little to bring the Epicurean philosophy into con-
tempt with the wise and virtuous. He wrote numerous
works, the titles of which have been preserved by Dio-
genes Laertius.

See RITTKR, " History of Philosophy ;" FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheo
Graeca."

Metrodorus, [Gr. Mi/Tpodupof,] a celebrated Athenian,
born about 200 B.C. After the defeat of Perseus by
Paulus Emilius, in 168 B.C., the latter commanded the
Athenians to send their best artist to paint his triumph
and their greatest philosopher to educate his sons. Me-



The name was sometimes so written by the old English poets.
Cowley, in his "Fragments," says, "Seven royal years to a public
spirit will seem more than the private life of a Mathusalem."



cas/S. casr; &hard; gas/; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; v.,trilled; sasz;



Explanations,



METSU



1714



MEYENDORFF



trodorus, being esteemed by his countrymen as first in
both departments, was sent accordingly, and gave entire
satisfaction to the Roman general.

Metsu, (GABRIEL.) See METZU.

Mettenleiter, met'ten-li'ter, (JOHANN MICHAEL,) a
German engraver, born in 1765, executed a number of
mezzotints and lithographs of great merit. Died in 1845.

Metternich, von, fon met'ter-niic', (CLEMENS WEN-
IEL,) PRINCE, an eminent Austrian statesman and diplo-
matist, born at Coblentz in 1773, was a son of Count
Metternich, who was a minister of state at Vienna and
died in 1818. He was sent as minister to Dresden in
1801, and to Berlin in 1803. In 1806 he became ambas-
sador to Paris, where he remained until the renewal of
the war in 1809. After the capture of Vienna and the
restoration of peace, he was appointed chancellor and
minister of foreign affairs, October, 1809. For more
than thirty years from that date he had the chief direc-
tion of affairs in Austria. He represented his govern-
ment at the Congress of Vienna, (1814,) after which he
had great influence in European politics. "No diploma-
tist," says Alison, " even in that age of intellectual giants,
excelled, perhaps hardly any equalled, Metternich in the
sagacious survey which he took of existing events, and
the admirable tact with which he contrived to render
them conducive to the interests of his country." (" His-
tory of Europe.") In politics he was extremely conser-
vative. He was driven from power and into exile by
the revolution of March, 1848. He returned to Vienna
in 1851. Died in 1859. " He always comprehended his
position," says the "Edinburgh Review" for July, 1858,
" and never lost an opportunity. He acted with equal jus-
tice and calculation, and never made a retrograde step.
His conduct was always politic, and never precipitate."
" The Memoirs of Prince Metternich," edited by his son,
appeared in 1879.

Metternich, von, (RICHARD CLEMENT JOSEPH HER-
MANN,) PRINCE, an Austrian diplomatist, a son of the
preceding, was born June 7, 1829. He became secretary
of legation at Paris in 1854. In 1859, before the Italian
war broke out, he was intrusted with a special mission
to Paris, and from the close of the war until 1871 he was
ambassador at the French court. He was named hered-
itary councillor of the Austrian empire in 1861, and
councillor in 1864. Died March I, 1X95.

Mettrie, de la, deh It m&'tRe', QULIEN OFFRAY,) a
French physician and atheistic writer, born at Saint-
Malo in 1709, published an infamous work entitled "The
Man Machine," which he had the impertinence to dedi-
cate to Haller. Died in 1751.

See VOLTAIRE, " Correspondance Ge'ne'rale."

Metsys. See MATSVS.

Metz, mets, (KoNRAD MARTIN,) a German engraver,
born at Bonn in 1755, executed a number of prints after
Michael Angelo and Caravaggio. Died in 1827.

Metzger, mJts'ger, (EDUARD,) a German architect,
born at Pappenheim in 1807, visited Greece in 1831.
He wrote several works on architecture.

Metzger, (JOHANN DANIEL,) a medical writer, born
at Strasburg, in Alsace, in 1739 ; died in 1805. He was
a professor at Strasburg, and was promoted to be chief
professor of medicine there.

Metzu, met'zii, (GABRIEL,) an eminent Dutch painter,
oorn at Leyden in 1615. Among his master-pieces we
may name the " Vegetable-Market at Amsterdam,"
" Interior of a Kitchen," " Chemist Reading near a Win-
dow," and a "Young Girl Looking at a Butterfly."
Metzu is styled by Descamps one of the greatest artists
of his nation. Died in 1658.

See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peintrea Hollandais," etc ; CHARLES
BLANC, " Histoire des Peintres."

Meulau, de, (PAULINE.) See GUIZOT, (LISABETH
CHARLOTTE.)

Meulemeester, de. See DEMEULEMEESTER.

Meulen, van der, vin der myh'len or mo'len, (AN-
TOON FRANS,) a celebrated Flemish battle-painter, born
at Brussels in 1634, was a pupil of Snayers. Having
visited Paris about 1666, he was patronized by Colbert,
and employed by Louis XIV. to represent his principal
engagements. He married the niece of Le Brun, and



assisted that artist in his works at the castle of Ver-
sailles. In 1673 he was chosen a member of the Academy
of Painting. As a painter of battles, Van der Meulen
had perhaps no superior, and his landscapes also possess
great merit. Died in 1690.

See DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands," etc; CHARLES
BLANC, "Histoire des Peintres."

Meulen, van der, (PETER,) a Flemish painter of
battles, was a brother of the preceding. He went to
England in 1670, and was patronized by King Wil-
liam III.

Meulen, Ver. See VERMEULEN.

Meun, Meung, mUN, or Mehun, ma-uN', JEAN,)
a French poet, surnamed CLOPINEL, from his lameness,
born about 1280. He was the author of the principal
part of the " Romance of the Rose," one of the earliest
poems in the language, which was begun by Guillaume
de Lorris. The best edition was published in Paris in
1814, (4 vols. 8vo.)

See FAUCHET, "Origine de la Pofoie;" MASSIKU, "Histoire de
la Poe'sie Fran^aise."

Meurice, muh'ress', (FRANC.OIS PAUL,) a French
dramatic writer, born in Paris in 1820, became a brother-
in-law of Victor Hugo. He produced successful dramas
called " Hamlet, Prince of Denmark," and " Benvenuto
Cellini."

Meurs, de, deh mURs, [Lat. MEUR'SIUS,] (JAN,) a
Dutch scholar and historian, born near the Hague in
1579. He was appointed professor of Greek at Leyden
in 1611, and soon after historiographer to the States of
Holland. He subsequently became royal historiographer
to the King of Denmark. He published a number of
treatises on Greek and Roman antiquities, and a " His-
tory of Denmark," (in Latin.) Died in 1639.

See SWEKRT. "Athenz Belgicae;" NICBRON, " Me'moires ;"
MORERI, "Dicnonnaire Historique;" SCHRAMM, " Dissenatio d
Vita et Scriptis J. Meursii," 1715.

Meursius. See MEURS, DE.

Meusebach, moi'zeh-bJK', (KARL HARTWIG GRE-
GOR,) a German litterateur, born near Artern in 1781,
published a number of critical essays. He numbered
among his friends Tieck and Goethe. Died in 1847.

Meusel, moi'zel, (JOHANN GEORG.) a German his-
torian and bibliographer, born near Bamberg in 1743.
He became professor of history at Erfurt in 1769, and
at Erlangen in 1779. He published, besides other works,
"Bibliotheca Historica," (22 vols., 1782-84.) which con-
tains notices of ancient and modern historians, a valuable
collection of biographies of German scholars, entitled
"GelehrtesDeutschland,"(i5 vols., 1796-1812,) to which
Ersch and Lindner added seven volumes, and a " Dic-
tionary of German Authors who died between 1750
and 1800," (15 vols., 1802-16.) All of these are highly
esteemed. Died in 1820.

See KARL HEINRICH RAU, "Dem Andenken J. G. Meusels,"
etc, 1820 : " Nouvelle Biographic Gen^rale '" " Monthly Review,"
1800 et seq., (Appendix.)

Meusel. See MUSCULUS.

Meusnier, muh'ne-i', (JEAN BAPTISTE MARIE,) a
French general and savant, born in Paris in 1754, in-
vented several machines and apparatus. He was killed
in battle, near Mentz, in June, 1793.

Meusnier, (PHILIPPE,) a French painter, born in
Paris in 1656, was a favourite at the court of Louis XIV.,
and became treasurer of the Academy of Painting. He
excelled in architectural views and perspective. Died
in 1734.

Meusnier de Querlon, muh'ne-i' deh kfRlcN',
(ANNE GABRIEL,) a French lit/Jrateurfborn at Nantes
in 1702. He wrote critiques, works of fiction, etc., and
translated Pliny's " Natural History" into French. Died
in 1780.

Mexia or Mejia, ma-Hee'a, (PEDRO,) a Spanish his-
torian, born at Seville about 1496, published a compila-
tion entitled " Silva de varia Leccion," and a " History
of the Roman Emperors from Julius Caesar to Maximilian
of Austria." He was patronized by Charles V., who
appointed him historiographer. Died in I55 2 -

Meyendorfi, von, ton mi'en-doRf , (PETER,) a Rus-
sian diplomatist, born in 1796. He was sent as ambas-
sador to Berlin in 1839, and represented Russia at Vienna
from 1850 to 1854. Died March 19, 1863.



i, e, i, o, u, y, long; a, i, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, J, short; a, ?, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; me 1 1; not; good; mooni



MEYER



17*5



MEZZOFANTI



Meyer, mi'er, (CONRAD,) a Swiss painter and en-
graver, born at Zurich in 1618. He is said to have been
the first engraver who used soft instead of hard varnish.
Died in 1689.

Meyer, (CONRAD FERDINAND,) a Swiss poet and
novelist, was born at Zurich in 1825. There have
been many editions of his historical novels, " Jorg
Jenatsch," (1876,) and " Der Heilige," (1880,) and
of his poem " Huttens letzte Tage," (1872. )

Meyer, (FELIX,} an eminent Swiss landscape-
painter, born at \Vinterthur in 1653. His delineations
of the mountain-scenery of Switzerland are esteemed
master-pieces of the kind. Died in 1713.

Meyer, ml'er, (FRIEDRICH JOHANN LORENZ,) s.
German litterateur, born at Hamburg in 1760 ; died
in 1844.

Meyer, (HANS,) an African traveller, was born at
Heldburghausen, Germany, in 1858. He travelled in
Asia 1882-84, and in Africa 1886-89, where he was
the first to ascend Kilima-Njaro. He published a
work on " The Strasburg Guild of Goldsmiths," and
a richly illustrated work, " Zum Schreedom des
Kilima Ndsharo," (1888.)

Meyer, mi'er, [Lat. MEYE'RUS,] (JACOB,) a Flemish
aistorian, sometimes called BALIOLA'NUS, born near Bail-
leul in 1491, was the author of a " History of Flanders,"
and other works, (in Latin.) He was an intimate friend
of Erasmus. Died in 15^2.

Meyer, (JAN LODEWYCK,) a Dutch painter of marine
views, born in Amsterdam about 1809. He painted
landscapes in his youth, and afterwards distinguished
himself as a marine painter at the Hague. Died in 1866.

Meyer, (JOHANN GEORG,) a distinguished German
painter, called MEYER VON BREMEN, born in 1813. His
best works are delineations of domestic life, particularly
those lepresenting the actions and sports of children.
Among these may be named " The Game of Blind-Man's
Buff," and "The Youngest Brother." Died in 1886.

See BROCKHAUS. "ConversatJons-Lexikon."

Meyer, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) a Swiss artist and
amateur, born at Stafa, on Lake Zurich, in 1759. While
on a visit to Italy, in 1784, he formed an intimate friend-
ship with Goethe and Herder. In 1807 he became
director of the Academy of Design at Weimar. He was
the author of a "History of the Plastic Arts among the
Greeks," (1824,) and was a contributor to the " Pro-
pylaen" and other works of Goethe. Died in 1832.

See GOETHE, " Briefwechseln."

Meyer, (JONAS DANIEL,) a Dutch jurist, born at Arn-
hem in 1780. He published, in French, "The Spirit,
Origin, and Progress of the Judicial Institutions of the
Principal Nations of Europe," (5 vols., 1818-23.) Died
in 1834.

Meyer, mi'er, (LEO,) a German scholar, born at Ble-
deln, in Hanover, July 3, 1830. He studied at Gbttingen
and Berlin, was a professor in the Gbttingen University,
1856-65, and was then called to Dorpat as professor of
comparative philology. He has published many works
on philology, grammar, and mythology, especially those
of the ancient Greeks. Among his best-known treatises
is " Die gothische Sprache," ("Gothic Language," 1869.)

Meyer, ma'yi', (MARIE PAUL HYACINTHE,) a French
palaeographer, born in Paris, January 17, 1840. Edu-
cated at the Ecole des Charles, he became in 1876 a
professor of languages in the College de France. He
has published a great number of mediaeval and post-
classical manuscripts, many of them discovered by him-
self in British and other libraries, and is author of many
instructive papers, chiefly on early French literature.

Meyer, von, fon mT'er, (HERMANN,) a German geol-
ogist and naturalist, born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in
1801, published several works. Died April 2, 1869.

Meyerbeer, mi'er-baR', (GiACOMO,) an eminent Ger-
man composer, of Jewish extraction, born at Berlin in
1794., was originally named Jacob Meyer Beer. He
studied under Clementi and Vogler, and at the age of
nine years was regarded as one of the best pianists in
Berlin. His first operas, entitled " Jephthah's Daughter"
and "Abimelech, or the Two Caliphs," were coldly re



ceived, but, having visited Italy in 1815, he there pro-
duced his "Romilda e Costanza," (1818,) "Semiramide
Riconosciuta," (1819,) and " Emma di Resburgo," (1820,)
which met with enthusiastic applause. To these suc-
ceeded, in 1824, his " Crociato in Egitto," which was
performed with brilliant success in all the principal
cities of Europe. His " Robert le Diable," brought out
in Paris in 1831, raised his reputation to the highest
point, and is ranked among the master-pieces of musical
art He afterwards produced operas entitled "The
Huguenots," (1836,) and " Le Prophete," (1849,) both
of which were greatly admired. About 1842 he was ap-
pointed director-general of music by the King of Prussia,
Among his later works are " L'fitoile du Nord," (1854,)
and " Le Pardon de Ploermel," (1859.) Died in 1864.

Meyerheim, mi'er-him', (FRIEDRICH EDUARD,) a
German painter of great merit, born at Dantzic about
iSia He studied at Berlin, and in 1838 became a mem-
ber of the Academy of Arts in that city. His favourite
subjects are rural and domestic scenes, which he repre-
sents with exquisite skill and fidelity. Among his master-
pieces are "The Blind Beggar," "The Village School,"
and an " Old Woman Teaching her Granddaughter to
Knit." Died in 1879. His brother WILHELM has dis-
tinguished himself as a painter of animals, battles, etc.

Meyering, mi'er-ing, (ALBERT,) a D:itch paintei
born at Amsterdam in 1645 > died in 1714.

Meyern, mi'eRn, (WILHELM FRIEDRIOH,) a Ger-
man novelist, born near Anspach in 1762. He wrote
' a political romance, entitled " Dya-na-Sore, or the
Wanderers," (1787.) Died in 1829.

Meyerus. See MEYER, (JACOB.)

Meygret or Meigret, m4'gR|', (Louis,) a French
grammarian, born at Lyons about 1510, produced in 1550
a "Treatise on French Grammar," said to be the first
which ever appeared. He attempted to introduce a new
orthography conformed to the sound. Died after 1560.

Meyneli, ma'nel, (ALICE,) a meritorious English poet-'
ess, born about 1848, a sister of Mrs. Elizabeth S. Butler,
the artist Her maiden name was THOMPSON. She
married in 1877. She wrote " Preludes" (1875) in verse,
besides art-criticisms and other writings in prose. Mrs.
Meyneli owed much to the friendship and praise of Mr.
Ruskin.

Meyr, mir, (MELCHIOR,) a German poet and prose-
writer, born near Nordlingen, June 28, 1810. Among
his works are "Erzahlungen aus dem Ries," (1856-60,)
"Gott und sein Reich," (1860,) "Emilie," (1863,) "Ge-
sprache mit einem Grobian," (1866,) "Duell und Ehre,"
and (1870,) "Gedanken iiber Kunst, Religion und Phil-
osophic," (1874.) Died at Munich, April 22, 1871.

Meyrick, mer'ik, (FREDERICK,) an English clergy-
man, born in 1826, graduated at Oxford in 1847. He
published "The Outcast and Poor of London,"
(1858,) "Is Dogma a Necessity?" (1883,) "Justin
Martyr," (1896,) and other works.

Meyrick, mer'ik, written also Myrick, (Sir SAMUEL
RUSH,) an English antiquary, born in 1783. His prin-
cipal work is a "Critical Inquiry into Ancient Armour,
with Special Reference to England from the Norman
Conquest to the Time of Charles II.," (1824,) which is
highly esteemed. He was knighted in 1832. Died in
1848.

Mezeray, de, deh maz'Rj', (FRANCOIS EUDES,) a
French historian, born in Lower Normandy in 1610, was
patronized by Cardinal Richelieu. His principal work
is a " History of France," (3 vols., 1651,) which enjoyed
Extraordinary popularity at the time, owing in great
part to the engraved portraits it contained. He suc-
ceeded Voiture as a member of the French Academy in
1649, and became perpetual secretary of that institution
in 1675. He was also historiographer of France. Died
in 1683.

Meziriac, de, deh meh-ze're'Sk', (CLAUDE CASPAR
BACKET,) a French scholar and mathematician, burn aV
Bourg-en-Bresse in 1581. He published an edition of
the "Arithmetic" of Diophantus, (with notes,) and trans-
lated a number of Ovid's " Epistles" into French verse.
Died in 1638.

Mezzofanti, met-so-fan'tee, (GIUSEPPE GASPARO,) a



as k; 5 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z; th as in this. ( 23p"See Explanations, p. 23.)



MIALL



1716



MICHAEL



celebrated Italian linguist, born at Bologna in 1774. He
studied at the episcopal seminary of his native city, and
was ordained a priest in 1797. In 1804 he became pro
lessor of Greek and the Oriental languages at Bologna,
and in 1815 was appointed chief librarian of the uni-
versity. Distinguished foreigners who visited Bologna
at this time praised his extraordinary attainments and
bore witness to the accuracy with which he spoke their
respective languages. On the invitation of Pope Gregory
XVI., he repaired in 1831 to Rome, where he succeeded
Angelo Mai as keeper of the Vatican Library, and in
1838 was made a cardinal. A German scholar says of
him at this period, " He is familiar not only with the
principal European languages, but with the Irish, Welsh,
and even Lappish." He is said to have spoken upwards
of fifty languages, and was thoroughly versed in the
idioms and provincialisms peculiar to each : he could
entertain his English friends with specimens of York-
shire dialect, and his French or German visitors with the
patois of their respective countries. Lord Byron styles
Mezzofanti a prodigy of languages, who should have lived
in the times of the tower of Babel, to serve as a universal
interpreter. Died in 1849.

See WILLIAM RUSSELL, "Life of Cardinal Mezzofanti," ew..
1857; MANAVIT, " Esquisse historique sur le Cardinal Mezzofanti,'
1854: "Edinburgh Review" for 1855.

Ml'all, (EDWARD,) an English dissenter, born at
Portsmouth in 1809. He founded " The Nonconformist,"
in London, and wrote several works against the union of
Church and State. In 1852 he was elected a Liberal
member of Parliament for Rochdale. He was returned
to Parliament for Bradford in 1869. Died In 1881.

Miaulis or Miaoulis, me-ow'lis, (ANDREAS VOKOS,)
a distinguished patriot and admiral of modern Greece,
born at Negropont about 1768. In 1821 he was ap-
pointed to the chief command of the fleet of the Greeks,
and gained a signal victory over the Turks at Patras.
In 1825 he burnt the Turkish fleet in the harbour of
Modon. He was created high admiral in 1832. On
the accession of King Otho to the throne of Greece,
Miaulis became one of his most zealous adherents. He
died in 1835, and was buried near the monument of
Themistocles.

See " Revue des Deui Mondes," 1859; "Nouvelle Biographic
Generale."

Miazzi, me-it'see, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian architect,
born at Bergamo in 1699. Among his most admired
works are the theatre at Treviso and the Spineda
palace at Venegazza. Died about 1780.

Mi'cah, [Heb. riD'D ; Fr. MICHEE, me'shj',] one of
the minor Hebrew prophets, was contemporary with
Isaiah and Hosea, and flourished under the reigns of
Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, from 759 10699 B - c -. " His
style," says Bishop Lowth, " is in many parts animated
and sublime, and in general truly poetical."

Mical, me'kil', fN.,) an ingenious French mecha-
nician, born about 1730, constructed several admirable
automatons, among which were two speaking heads,
presented by him to the Academy of Sciences in 1783.
Died about 1790.

See " M^moires secrets."

Micali, me-ka'lee, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian historian
and antiquary, born at Leghorn about 1780. His prin-
cipal work is entitled "Italy before the Dominion of the
Romans," (4 vols., 1810.) Died in 1844.

Mi'-eha-eL, [Heb. Ssiro : Gr. M^o^X,- Fr. MICHEL,
me'sheV ; It. MICHELE, me-ka'IA,] one of the archangels
mentioned in the Old Testament, was regarded as the
especial protector of the Jewish nation. A festival was
instituted in his honour, as a defender of the Church,
by the Christians of the ninth century, which is still
celebrated on the2gth of September, (Michaelmas Day.)
See Daniel x. 13-21 ; Revelation xii. 7-9.
MI'-eha-el [Gr. Mt^A ; Fr. MICHEL, me'shel' ; It.
MICHELE, me-ka'li] I., Emperor of the East, surnamed
RHANGABE, (6 Tavya/J;;,) succeeded, in 811 A.D., Stau-
racius, whose sister Procopia he had married. Being
unsuccessful in his war against the Bulgarians, he abdi-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 147 of 425)