Joseph Thomas.

Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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in 1841 became professor of the theory and practice of
medicine in Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. He
published a treatise "On the Cryptogamous Origin of
Malarious and Epidemic Fevers, (1849,) and lectures on
scientific subjects, which are highly esteemed and have
been translated into foreign languages. Died in 1858.

Mitchell, (JOSEPH,) a Scottish poet and dramatist,
born about 1685, was the author of a tragedy entitled
"The Fatal Extravagance," "The Highland Fair," a
ballad opera, and a number of poems. Died in 1738.

Mitchell, ( MARGARET,) an American actress, born
at New York in 1832. She was taken on the stage as
an infant, and played child parts in her fifth year. She
became highly popular in the title role of " Fanchon,"
produced in 1860, and later in other roles.

Mitchell, (MARIA,) LL.D., a distinguished American
astronomer, born in the island of Nantucket in 1818.
She published, besides other astronomical treatises, a
memoir on a telescopic comet discovered by her in 1847.
A gold medal was conferred upon her by the King of
Denmark for this discovery. Miss Mitchell was ap-
pointed professor of astronomy at Vassar College soon

in the " Quarterly Review," which won for him a high
reputation. He afterwards published an excellent trans-
lation of several comedies of Aristophanes into English
verse ; also an edition of Sophocles, and five dramas of
Aristophanes, (with English notes.) He died in 1845,
leaving unfinished an edition of his " Pentalogia Aris-

Mitchell, (Sir THOMAS LIVINGSTONE,) a Scottish
traveller, born in Stirlingshire in 1792. He served in
the Spanish campaigns from 1808 to 1814, and in 1827
sailed to Australia, where he was soon after appointed
surveyor-general. He gave the name of Australia Felii
to a region hitherto unexplored, and ascertained the
courses of the Glenelg, the Darling, and other rivers.
He published, among other works, " Outlines of a Sys-
tem of Surveying for Geographical and Military Pur
poses," (1827,) "Three Expeditions into the Interior of
Eastern Australia," etc., (2 vols., 1838,) and " Australian
Geography," etc., (1850.) He was a Fellow of the
Royal Society and of the Geographical Society. Died
in 1855.

Mitchell, (WALTER,) an American divine and littira-
tfur, born at Nantucket, Massachusetts, in 1826. He is
the author of '* Bryan Maurice," a novel, and of several
poems. Among the latter is the often-quoted " Tacking
Ship off Shore."

Mitch'ill, (SAMUEL LATHAM,) M.D., LL.D.,an Ameri-
can physician and naturalist, born on Long Island in 1764.
In 1786 he graduated as doctor of medicine at the Uni-
versity of Edinburgh. He became in 1792 professor of
chemistry, natural history, and philosophy in Columbia
College, New York. He was for many years associate
editor of the " Medical Repository." He was elected
to the United States Senate in 1804, and in 1820 was
appointed professor of botany and materia medica in
the College of Physicians nd Surgeons, New York.
He published "Observations on the Absorbent Tubes
of Animal Bodies," and other scientific works. Died in

See the " National Portrait-Gallery of Distinguished Americans, 1
TOl. i. ; DUYCKINCK, " Cyclopxdia of American Literature," vol. i

Mitelli, me-tel'lee, or Metelli, ma-tel'lee, (Aoo
TINO,) an Italian painter and engraver of grea f merit,
born near Bologna in 1609, was a pupil of Dentone and
Falcetta. His principal works are perspective and ar-
chitectural pieces, in which his friend Michael Angelo
Colonna painted the figures. Among their master-
pieces are the frescos in the palace of Cardinal Spada
at Rome. Mitelli died in 1660 at Madrid, whither he
had been invited by Philip IV.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Mitelli, (GIUSEPPE MARIA,) an Italian painter and
engraver, bom in 1634, was a son of the preceding. Hii
.fter Correggio and the Caracci are ranked among

Mitchell, (S. WEIR,) M.D., an American physi- not j c ' ed below. He' studied at New College, Oxford,
cian and physiologist, a son of Dr. J. K. Mitchell, I and> having been admitted to the bar, was elected to
noticed above, was born at Philadelphia, February 15, ' Parliament for Beer- Alston in 1789. He became attorney-
1829. He graduated at the Jefferson Medical College general in 1799, Speaker of the House of Commons
in 1850. He particularly distinguished himself by his ; n 1801, and in 1802 lord chancellor of Ireland, being
researches on the chemical nature and physiological created at the same time a peer, with the title of Baron
action of the venom of serpents, and wrote valuable ' Redesdale. On the death of Mr. Pitt he resigned his
papers on the venom of the rattlesnake, the circulation office of chancellor. Died in 1830.
in the snapping-turtle, etc. He published " \Vear and Mitford, (MARY RUSSEI.I.,) a charming English writer,
Tear," (1871,) " Fat and Blood," (1878,) etc., and, born in Hampshire in 1786. Her father was a physician
with Drs. Keen and Morehouse, " Effects of Gunshot of more than ordinary talent and culture, whose improvi-
Wounds," (1864. ) L)r. Mitchell also won distinction ' dence, however, and luxurious tastes had involved him
as a novelist and poet, his works including several ] ' n pecuniary embarrassment. In order to relieve his
volumes of poems and the novels, " Hephzibah Guin- i necessities, Miss Mitford devoted herself to
ness," (1880,) " In War Time," (1884,) " Far in the ' at an earl y a g e - and published mi8p6 three volumes ol

were favourably received. T-he had previously i

Mitchell, (THOMAS,) an eminent English scholar, ute d to the " Ladies' Magazine" a series of sketches
born in London in 1783. He studied at Pembroke Col- * - . j - - J - - - -Al-

lege, Cambridge, and in 1813 began the publication of a
series of essays on Aristophanes and Athenian manners,

of English life, which appeared in 1832 under the title
of "Our Village," etc., (5 vols.) The genial spirit,
graceful simplicity, and freshness of feeling displayed in

a, e, I, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged: a.e, I, 6, u, y, short; a, $, j, 9, oAffi/rc,- far, fill, fit; mSt; n6t; good; moon;




these tales won for them the favour of all classes, and
they passed rapidly through many editions. Among
Miss Mitford's other works we may name " Belford
Regis; or, Sketches of a Country Town," "Stories of
American Life by American Writers," "Recollections
of a Literary Life," (3 vols., 1852,) and "Atherton, and
other Tales," (1854.) Died in 1855.

See the " Life of Mary Russell Mitford, told by herself in Letters
to her Friends," edited by the REV. A. G. K. L'ESTRANGE, Lon-
don, 1870; "Quarterly Review" for December, 1824; "Blackwood's
Magazine" for June, 1854.

Mitford, (WILLIAM,) an English historian, born in
London in 1744. He entered Queen's College, Oxford,
and subsequently studied law at the Middle Temple.
He was appointed in 1769 a captain in the South Hamp-
shire Militia, where he acquired the friendship of Gib-
bon, the future historian, at that time an officer in the
came regiment. Mitford published in 1774 his " Inquiry
into the Principles of Harmony in Languages," which
was followed by a "Treatise on the Military Force,"
etc. Having visited France and Italy, he was appointed,
after his return, lieutenant-colonel of the Hampshire
Militia, (1779,) and was subsequently returned to Parlia-
ment, as a Tory, for Newport, Beer-Alston, and New
Romney. He brought out in 1784 the first volume of
his " History of Greece," completed in five volumes in
1818. Its style is characterized by great spirit and
warmth of colouring, and displays uncommon learning
and research, but it is strongly tinctured with the anti

with extreme injustice. Scarcely anything can be ima
gined more partial or more false than his picture of the
great conflict between Athens and Philip of Macedon.
Philip, as he represents him, unites the perfections of a
king, a hero, and an accomplished statesman ; Demos-
thenes, on the contrary, is a demagogue, violent, venal,
and dishonest" " Mitford's History of Greece is," says
De Quincey, " as nearly perfect in its injustice as human
infirmity will allow."

See MACAULAV, Review of "Mitford's History of Greece;"
"Edinburgh Review" for July, 1808; "Quarterly Review" for April,
1821 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'neVale."

MIth'ra or MIth'ras, [Gr. Mt'Spoc; Lat. MITH'RAS;
Sanscrit, MIT'RA or MITRAS,] a deity of the ancient
Persians, usually regarded as the god of the sun ; but
he is more properly the god of day, and, in a higher and
more extended sense, the god of light, presiding over
the movements and influence of the principal heavenly
bodies, including the five planets and the sun and moon.
By the followers of Zoroaster he was regarded as the
chief of the Izeds, (a class of angelic beings,) and in a
particular manner as presiding over the light which
mortals enjoy on earth, (but as distinct from the sun,)
and as a mediator between men and Ormuzd. The
primary signification of the Sanscrit Mitra is a " friend ;"
and Mithra would seem to be the representative of
light as the friend of mankind and as the mediator
between earth and heaven. In this character of medi-
ator, as well as in some other respects, he would seem
to approach the character of AGNI, (which see.) In
the time of the emperors the worship of Mithra was
introduced extensively into Italy and other parts of the
Roman empire. He is usually represented as a hand-
some young man, seated or kneeling on a bull, into which
he is thrusting the sacrificial knife ; at his side are the
evening and morning star, and near at hand a dog, a
lion, and other animals, the signification of which is at
present very imperfectly understood.

See GUIGNIAUT, " Religions de 1'AntiquiteV' vol. i. book ii. ;
"Biographic Universelle," (Partie mythologique.)

Mithridate. See MITHRIDATES.

Mith-rl-da'teS, [Gr. MiSpiAiTw or MiflpoooTijf; Fr.
MITHRIDATE, me'tRe'dSt',] a Persian name, borne by
several kings of Pontus, who were descended from
Artabazes, a Persian noble. It is supposed to be de-
rived from AfitAra, (the sun,) and signifies "given by
the sun." Little is known of Mithridates I., who was
the son of Ariobarzanes.

Mithridates II., the son of Ariobarzanes II., began
to reign about 337 B.C. He extended his dominions by

conquest, and was called the founder of the kingdom ol
Pontus. In a war with Antigonus he was defeated, made
prisoner, and put to death, about 303 B.C.

Mithridates III., a son of the preceding, succeeded
his father, and made conquests in Paphlagonia. He
died after a reign of thirty-six years, and was succeeded
by his son, Ariobarzanes III.

See CLINTON, "Fasti Hellenic!'

Mithridates IV., of Pontus, the son of Ariobarzanes
III., began to reign probably about 245 B.C., when he
was a minor. He waged a successful war -against
Seleucus Callinicus, who, to obtain peace, gave him his
own sister in marriage, with one or two provinces as a
dowry. He is supposed to have died in 190 B.C. His
successor was Pharnaces I.

Mithridates V., surnamed EVERGETES, was a grand-
son of the preceding, and a son of Pharnaces I., whom
he succeeded in 156 B.C. He was a steadfast ally of
the Romans, who ceded to him the province of Phrygia.
After a peaceful reign, he died about 122 B.C.

Mithridates VI., King of Pontus, surnamed EU'PA-
TOR, and more commonly called THE GREAT, born about
135 B.C., was the son of Mithridates V., whom he suc-
ceeded about the age of fifteen. He had great political
and military talents, and is said to have been master of
twenty-five languages. In the early part of his reign he
found scope for his ambition in the conquest of Colchis
and of the Scythian tribes which roamed on the north
of the Euxine. His attempt to acquire Cappadocia by
fraud and force was resisted by the Roman senate about
93 B.C. After forming an alliance with Tigranes, King
of Armenia, then the most powerful monarch of Asia,
he took the field in the year 88 with about 250,000
men, and defeated the Romans in several actions. In
the same year he instigated a general massacre of the
Romans resident in Asia Minor, of whom it was com-
puted that 80,000 fell in one day.

In the year 87 he sent a large army into Greece, where
he was opposed by Sulla and defeated at Chaeronea, 86
B.C. Timbria, with another Roman army, invaded Bi-
thynia and gained a decisive victory in the year 85. The
next year Sulla and Mithridates made a treaty of peace,
by which the latter abandoned his recent conquests.
Muraena, who had obtained command of the Roman
army, with some flimsy pretext renewed hostilities, and
was completely defeated on the river Halys in 82 B.C.
As the Roman senate had not ratified the treaty which
he signed with Sulla, Mithridates made great preparations
for war, which was renewed in 74, when two Roman
armies, under Lucullus and Cotta, entered Bithynia, De-
feated with great loss by Lucullus at Cyzicus and Cabin,
Mithridates, retarding the pursuit of the Romans by the
riches he threw in their way, took refuge in the kingdom
of Tigranes (who was his son-in-law) about 72 B.C., and
gave orders that his wives Monima, Berenice, etc. should
be put to death.

Tigranes, having espoused his cause, was defeated at
Tigranocerta by Lucullus in 69, and at Artaxata in 68 B.C.
Mithridates then entered Pontus, and in 67 B.C. gained
a great victory over the Romans under Triarius, and re-
covered his kingdom. Lucullus, whose victorious career
had been interrupted by a mutiny of his troops, was
superseded in 66 by Pompey the Great, who soon tei
minated the war. After losing a battle, the King ot
Pontus fled to Lake Maeotis, (now the Sea of Azov,) and
offered terms of peace, to which Pompey did not accede.
While he was busy in raising a new army among the
Scythians and other barbarous tribes, his son Pharnaces
conspired against him, so that, to avoid the fate of a
captive, he took poison, in the year 63 B.C. After Han-
nibal, Mithridates was the most formidable enemy Rome
ever encountered. Cicero considered him superior in
power and character to any other king against whom
the Romans ever waged war.

See APPIAN, " Mithridatica;" LIVY, "History of Rome:" JUS-
TIN, "History;" WOLTERSDORF, " Commentatio Vitam Mithridatis
Magni per annos digestam sistens," 1813; DION CASSIUS, " Frag-
menta;' 1 PLUTARCH, "Life of Lucullus;" "Nouvelle Biographie
G^neVale;" CLINTON, "Fasti Hellenici;" NIHBUHR, " Kleine

Mith-rl-da'tis, (Gr. Mi9p5ar({,] a daughter of the
preceding, died with her father by taking poison, B.C. 63.

as/6; 9 as s; ^hard; gasy.'G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: sasz; thasinM.

Explanations, p. 23.1


Mitre, me'tra, (BARTOLOMK,) an Argentine president, MOSYNE, ni'mo'zen',] in the Grecian mythology, the
born at Buenos Ayres, June 26, 1821, was a journalist in goddess of memory, was the daughter of Uranus, and
Montevideo during the early part of the nine years' siege, ; the mother of the nine Muses.

in which he also bore arms ; went to Bolivia in 1846, Mnesicles, nes'e-klez, [Gr. Mvifouc^c,] an able Greek
taught in a military college, and fought against Peru ; mist, of the age of Pericles, flourished about 433 B.C.
became a journalist in Valparaiso, was colonel of artillery He was the architect of the Propylza of the Athenian
in the decisive campaign against the tyrant Rosas in 1852, I Acropolis.

and became a leader in the movement for the independ- , Mnesimachus, ne-sim'a-kus, [Gr. Mvifm'uafOf ; Fr.


, [G

ence of the state of Buenos Ayres from the remaining MNESIMAQUE, na'ze'mlk',] an Athenian comic poet of
states of the Argentine Confederation. He was succes- the fourth century before the Christian era, was esteemed
sively minister of war and governor, was defeated by one of the finest writers of the so-called middle comedy.
President Urquiza at Cepeda in 1859, but overthrew him There are a few fragments of his plays extant
at Pavon, September n, 1861, and became first President Mnestheus. See MENESTHEUS.
of the reorganized Argentine Republic. He was com- Mnioch, mnee'oK, JOHANN JAKOB,) a Prussian poet,
mander-in-chief of the " triple alliance" against Paraguay, , born at Elbing in 1 765, wrote a number of popular lyrics,
1865-70. He was distinguished as a poet, journalist, and among which we may name "The Song of the Grave,"
novelist. Died at Buenos Ayres in 1894. and "Song of the Masons at Saint John's Festival."

MitscherlIch,m!tsh'er-liK', (CHRiSTOPHWiLHELM,) Died in 1804.

a distinguished German scholar, born in Thuringia in Mo'ab, [Heb. 3X10,] the son of Lot, was the father
1760, was professor of philosophy and rhetoric at Got- of the Moabites, who inhabited the country east of the
tinge'n. He published in 1800 an excellent edition of Dead Sea and the Jordan. (See Genesis xix.)
the Odes and Epodes of Horace. Died in 1854. Moaweeyah, Moawiyah, or Moawyah, mo-i'-

Mitacherlich, (ElLARD,) an eminent German chem- wee'yah,* written also Muawia, Mauweiah, and Moa-
ist, born near Tever in 1794. He studied at Heidelberg veah, [in German, MOAWIJAH, MUAWIJJAH, or MOA-
and Gottingenj and in 1819 was invited to Stockholm by WIJE,] a celebrated caliph, born at Mecca in 610 A.D.,
Berzelius, whose notice he had attracted by his valuable was the founder of the Omeyyad dynasty. He was
discoveries in isomorphism. After his return to Ger- the great-grandson of Omeyyah, who was the head of a
many (1821) he became professor of chemistry at the powerful family of the Koreish, and cousin-german to
University of Berlin, and a member of the Academy of Abd-el-Moottalib, the grandfather of Mohammed. He
Sciences in that city. He was chosen a member of the subjected Arabia to his power about 660, and deposed
French Institute in 1852. He published a "Treatise on Hassan, the son of Alee, (Alt) He was an able and
Chemistry," ("Lehrbuch der Chimie,"2 vols., 1829-40,) successful but unscrupulous ruler. He died in 680, and
which has a very high reputation, and wrote contribu- was succeeded by his son, Yezeed, (Yezid.) His grand-
tions to Poggendorfs " Annalen" and to other journals, son, MOAWEEYAH II., born in 660, became caliph in 683.
Died in 1863. He abdicated in 683 or 684 A.D.

Mittarelli, met-ta-rel'lee, (Niccoi.6 JACOPO, after- Mo'ber-ly, (GEORGE,) D.C.L., an English bishop,
wards GIOVANNI BENEDETTO,) an Italian theologian, born at Saint Petersburg, Russia, in 1803. He was edu-
born in Venice in 1707. He wrote a "History of the cated at Winchester, a:id graduated at Balliol College,
Camaldules," ("Annales Camaldulenses," 9 vols., 1755- j Oxford, in 1825, becoming a tutor and Fellow of the
73,) a work of some merit Died in 1777. same college. He was head-master of Winchester

Mittermaier, mit'ter-ml'er, (KARL JOSEPH ANTON,) School, 1835-68, and in 1869 was consecrated liishup
a celebrated German statesman and jurist, born in of Salisbury. He published several volumes of sermons,
Munich in 1787. He was successively professor of law a nd various educational and theological works, and was
at Bonn and Heidelberg, president of the preparatory prominent as a High-Church prelate. Died in 1885.
parliament at Frankfort in 1848, and soon after member Mobiua or Moebius, mb'be-us, (AUGUST FERDI-
of the National- Assembly. He published a number of fj ANDj ) a German astronomer and mathematician, born
valuable legal treatises, among which we may name "The at Schulpforte in 1790. In 1844 he was appointed pro-
Common Civil Process of Germany compared with that fessor of astronomy at Leipsic. He published, among
of Prussia and France," (1826.) Died August 29, 1867. other scientific treatises, "The Barycentric Calculus, a

works. Died at Warsaw in 1778. Mocenigo, mo-cha-nee'go, (ALVisio,) born in 1701,

Miv'art, (SAINT GEORGE,) an English naturalist, born was elected Doge of Venice in 1763. He pursued a

Died in 1778.

(GIOVANNI,) brother of Pietro, noticed
______ , ______ n in 1408. He was elected Doge of Venice

1874 he j n 1478. The country being devastated by famine and the

was made professor of biology in the (Catholic) Uni- pi aguei and at the same time invaded by the Turks,

versity College at Kensington, and in 1890 of the (j e made peace m , 479 w j tn the Sultan, Mahomet II.

philosophy of natural history at Louvain. While an jjj e( j j n 1485.

evolutionist, he was an active opponent of the Dar- Mocenigo, (Luici I.,) succeeded Pietro Loreuano

winian theory. Among his books are "Genesis of ^ Doge of Venice in 1570. The most important events

Species," (1871,) " Man and Apes," (1873,) " i- of hjs ru , e were the capt ure of the isle of Cyprus by the

sons from Nature," (1876,) "The Cat," (iSSt,) Turks, and the victory of Lepanto, gained by the Vene-

" Nature and Thought," (1883,) "The Origin of tizns and tne j r a iij es un der Don John of Austria, (1571.)

Human Reason," (1889,) "Birds," (1892,) "Types Died in 1577.

of Animal Life," ( 1893,) etc. In 1899 his expression G] n } succeeded V alieri as doge in

of disbelief in certain Biblical stones led to a sharp R * ' ]. rned with great wisdom and ability, and

controversy with Cardinal Vaughan, and on his death, ' vailed o the Venetians to keep a strict neutrality

April I, 1900, his body was refused burial in conse- during the war o f the Spanish succession. Died in 1709.

crated ground Mocenigo, (PlETRO,) became Doge of Venice in 1474,

M'Kinley, (Wn.i IAM.) See MAcKlNLEY. . previously greatly distinguished himself in the

* wa^inst the Tu^ks. Vd .476-

have lived in the time of Alexander the Great There U a great diversity in the accentuation as well m ihe

Mnemon, nee'mon, a surname given to Artaxerxes lling of , his n;ui, e . Hammer- Purgstall, than whom there is

on account of his retentive memory. higher authority, places the full accent on the penuititna ; an<: '

Mnemosyne, ne-most-ne, [Gr. Mwy^oowj; ; Fr. MN- . have thought it safe to follow his example. _

a, e, 5, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; n8t; good; moon;




Mocenigo, (SEBASTIANO,) brother of Luigi II., sue

ceeded Cornaro as Doge of Venice in 1722. Died in 1 732.

See DARU, " Histoire de Venise."

Mocenigo, (TOMMASO,) an able Venetian statesman

born in 1343. He was elected doge in 1414. The Vene

tian fleet defeated that of the Sultan in 1416. During hi

administration the republic was prosperous and power

ful. Died in 1423.

Mocetto, mo-chet'to, (GiKOLAMO,) an Italian artist
had a high reputation as an engraver. He lived abou

Mochnacki, moK-naVskee, (MAURICE,) a Polish
patriot and historian, born in Galicia in 1804. Hi
became in 1825 associate editor of the " Warsaw Jour
nal," and in 1830 published an excellent treatise "On
the Polish Literature of the Nineteenth Century," which
was instrumental in founding a new school of poetry in
1'oland. He was a prominent leader in the insurrection
of 1830 against the Russian government. On the fal
of Warsaw he took refuge in France, and began a
" History of the Polish Revolution," which he did noi
live to complete. Died in 1834,

Mocquard, mo'kjR', (CONSTANT,) a French poli-
tician and litterateur, born at Bordeaux in 1791. He
practised law in his early life. During the reign ol
Louis Philippe he became a friend and adherent of
Louis Napoleon, who in 1848 appointed him his private
secretary. He performed an important part in the coup
fitat of December, 1851, after which he was chef du
cabinet of the emperor for many years. He published a
collection of criminal trials, " N*uvelles Causes cele-
bres," (6 vols., 1847.) Died in 1864.

Mo-deer', [Sw. pron. mo-dflr',] (ADOLF,) a Swedish
naturalist and economist, born in 1738, published several
works. Died in 1799,

Modena, mod'a-nJ, (GUSTAVO.) a popular Italian
writer and tragic actor, born at Venice in 1803. He
made his dlbut in 1826 at Rome. He became an orator
of the radical party during the revolutionary movement
of 1847, and published "Popular Dialogues," ("Dialo-
ghetti popolari.") Died at Turin, February 22, 1861.

Modena, da, dJ mod'a-nJ, or Mutina, moo'te-ni,
(TOMMASO BARISINI,) an eminent Italian painter, sup-
posed to have been born at M6dena in the early part of
the fourteenth century. Among his master-pieces we
may name an altar-piece of the Virgin and Child.

Mo-des-ti'nuB He-ren'nI-ua, a Roman jurist of the
third century, was one of the counsellors of the emperor
Alexander Severus, and was appointed preceptor to
Maximinus the Younger. He wrote a number of legal
works, of which only fragments are extant.

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 154 of 425)