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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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MOLIERE.



MOLA



1743



MOLIERE



In 1614. He was a pupil of Vouet, and excelled as a i
landscape-painter. Died in 1661.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Mola, (PiETRO FRANCESCO,) sometimes called MOLA
DI ROMA, an eminent Italian painter, born about 1620,
was a pupil of Albano. He painted a number of his-
torical works of great merit, but he excelled particularly
in landscapes. Among his master-pieces are his " Saint
John in the Desert," " History of Joseph," and " Saint
Bruno." Died in 1666.

Molai or Molay, de, deh mo'li',* (JACQUES,) last
grand master of the order of the Templars, was born in
Burgundy. The wealth and power to which this order
had arisen having excited the jealousy of Philippe le Bel,
King of France, and Pope Clement IV., a plan was laid
by the two sovereigns for their destruction. Molai, being
invited to France in 1306, was arrested on his arrival,
together with all the Templars in that country, and, on j
vartous criminal charges, condemned to death. Nearly ;
sixty of the knights perished at the stake ; and the grand
master, after seven years' imprisonment, shared their
fate, in 1314.

Molbech, mol'be'K, (CHRISTIAN,) an eminent Daninh
historian, philologist, and bibliographer, born at Soriie
in 1783. After travelling in England and other countries
of Europe, he became in 1823 professor of the histoiy
of literature, and first secretary of the Royal Library,
at Copenhagen. Among his principal Works are aj
" History of the Wars of Ditmarschen," (1813,) "Danish
Dialect-Lexicon," (1837,) and " History of Erik Plogpen-
ning," (1846.) He published between 1814 and 18173
literary journal of great merit, entitled the " Athene,"
and subsequently became editor of the "Nordisk Tid-
skrift" and " Historisk Tidskrift," (1840.) Molbech also
had a share in the great "Dictionary of the Danish Lan-
guage," (unfinished.) Died at Copenhagen in 1857.

See ERSLHW, " Forfat'er-Lexicon."

Molbech, (CHRISTIAN KNUD FREDERIK,) a Danish
poet, a son of the preceding, was born at Copenhagen
in 1821. He produced "Dante," a drama, and lyric
poems, (1846,) which are highly commended. D. 1888.

Mold, mo'la', (FRANC.OIS RENE,) a celebrated French
comedian, born in Paris in 1734. He was a member of
the Institute, and director of the Academy at the Theatre
Francais. Died in 1802.

Mole, (Louis MATHIEU,) COUNT, an eminent French
statesman, born in Paris in 1781, was descended from
Mathieu Mole, noticed below. He published in 1805
" Moral and Political Essays," which procured for him
the favour of Napoleon, by whom he was soon after ap-
pointed master of requests, and prefect of the Cote-d'Or.
In 1813 he succeeded the Duke of Massa as minister of
justice. He was created a peer by Louis XVIII., and
m 1817 became minister of the marine. Under Louis
Philippe he was minister of foreign affairs from August
to November, 1830, and became in April, 1837, prime
minister ; but, overcome by the opposition of Guizot,
Thiers, and Berryer, he resigned his post, March 31,
1839. In 1840 he succeeded De Quelen in the French
Academy. Died in 1855.

See Louis DH LOM^NIH, "M. le Comte Mole", par un Hommede
Rien," 1840; A. DH CKSHNA. " Le Comte Mole"," 1842; " Nouvell*
Biographic G^n^rale. "

Mole, (MATHIEU,) an eminent French magistrate,
born in 1584. He was attorney-general in 1614, and in
1641 was appointed by Richelieu first president of the
Parliament of Paris. During the civil war of the Fronde
he was conspicuous for his intrepidity and his energetic
measures in quelling the insurrections of Paris. In 1651
he became keeper of the seals. He left interesting " Me-
moires," (pub'ished in 4 vols., 1855.) Died in 1656.

See BARANTE, " Vie de Mole 1 ;" HBNRION DK PANSEY, " filogr
de M. Mole," 1775; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Moleschott, mo'Ies-sKot', (JACOB,) a Dutch natural
ist and physiologist, born at Bois-le-Duc in 1822, studied
medicine and natural science at Heidelberg, and settled
as a physician at Utrecht. He was the author of a

See Introduction. V., 7 and g.



"Critical Examination of Liebig's Theory <
tation of Plants," (1845,) " Doctrine of Alin



iof the Alimen-
ments," (1850,)

Circular Motion of ~ Life," (1852,) and other similar
woiks. He became professor of physiology and an-
thropology at Heidelberg in 1847, and of physiology at
Zurich in 1855. Among his works are " Light and Life,"
("Licht und Leben," 1856,) and one on George Forster,
entitled "Georg Forster der Naturforscher cles Volks,'
(1854.) He is ranked among the most prominent ad-
vocates of the materialistic philosophy, (although he
recognizes a mixture of spiritual life with the material
life of the universe.) He totally rejects the idea of crea-
tion in the ordinary signification of the term, referring
the origin of all the species of animals to the operation of
Universal and unchangeable laws. Died May 19, 1893.

Molesworth, (SirGuiLDFORD LINDSEY,) an Eng-
lish engineer, was born at Millbrook in 1828. He
was consulting engineer to the government of India
after 1871, and wrote numerous works and papers on
engineering and financial subjects.

Molesworth, molz'w9rth, (MARY LOUISA, nle
Stewart, ) a Scottish author, born in 1842, on the Con-
tinent, and long a resident of Paris. Her works include
several novels and many stories for children, as " Rec-
tory Children," (1891,) " Next-Door House," (1893,)
"Uncanny Tales," (1896,) "Meg Langholme,"
(1897,) etc.

Molesworth, molz'worth, (ROBERT,) VISCOUNT, a
statesman and diplomatist, born at Dublin in 1656. He
was appointed by William III. a member of his privy
council, and in 1692 was envoy-extraordinary to Den-
mark. He published, after his return, an "Account
of Denmark," a severe criticism on the government and
customs of the Danes, which gave great offence to that
people but was very popular in England. He was a
Fellow of the Royal Society, and numbered among his
friends Locke and Lord Shaftesbury. Died in 1725.

See WALKJLK, " Royal and Noble Authors ;" LODGE, " Peerage."

Molesworth, (Sir WILLIAM,) an eminent English
statesman, born in Surrey in 1810. Having completed
his studies at a German university, he was elected to
Parliament for East Cornwall in 1832. He was for many
years associated with John Stuart Mill as editor of the
" Westminster Review." He represented Southwark in
Parliament in 1850, and was appointed first commissioner
of public works in 1853, and secretary of the colonies
in July, 1855. He died in October of the same year.
Besides his articles in the " Westminster Review," Sir
William published a complete edition of the works of
Hobbes.

Moles-worth, (WILLIAM NASSAU,) an English cler-
gyman, born at Millbrook, in Hants, November 8, 1816.
He studied at Saint John's and Pembroke Colleges,
Cambridge, graduating in 1839. He then took orders,
and for many years was a parish minister in Manchester
and Rochdale. Among his works are " Religious Im-
portance of Secular Instruction," (1857,) "Plain Lec-
tures on Astronomy," "England and France," (1860,)
" History of the Reform Bill," (1864,) " System of Moral
Philosophy," (1867,) "History of England," (1871-73.)
and " History of the Church of England," (1882.) He
was distinguished as an advocate of social and political
reforms. Died December 19, 1890.

Moleville, (ANTOINE FRANCOIS BKRTRAND.) See
BERTRAND DE MOLLEVILLE.

Moliere, mo'le-aiR', a celebrated French comic au-
thor and actor, wliose original name was Jean Baptists
Poquelin, (pok'laN',) was born in Paris on the I$th of
January, 1622. He received instruction in private from
the philosopher Gassendi, and in his youth assisted his
father, who was a dealer in tapestry, (marckandtapisswr.)
He became -valet- dt-chambrc to the king, Louis XIII.,
about 1640. Having assumed the name of Moliere, he
adopted the profession of comic actor about 1644, and
a few years later appeared in the provinces at the head
of a small troupe which he had formed. His first regular
drama was "The Giddy-Head," (" L'Etourdi,") which
was performed with success by his troupe at Lyons in
i6S3. Attracted to the capital by a growing ambition,



easi; 9asj; %hard; gas/';G, H, K.,guttural; ft, nasal; ^trilled: sasz; thasinMw. (23f~See Explanations, p. 23.)



MOLIERES



1744



MOLITOR



royal patronage, he opened there a I grado" in Le Sage's " Gil Bias." On his death-bed he
His " Affected Ladies," (" Precieuses said to his attendants, " I leave behind me three great

physicians, Diet, Water, and Exercise." Died in 1755.

See " Eloge de M. Molin," 1761.

Molina, mo-lee'ni, (GIOVANNI IGNAZIO,) a naturalist,
jorn in Chili in 1740, lived many years at Bologna. He
wrote an " Essay on the Natural History of Chili," ( 1 782,)
and a "Civil History of Chili," (1787,) both in Italian.
Died in 1829.

Molina, mo-lee'ni, (Luis,) a celebrated Spanish



and favoured with
theatre in 1658.

ridicules,") a satire on the affected style and euphuism
which were then in fashion, was performed with great
applause in 1659. "Sganarelle" came out in 1660.
His fame was increased by his " School for Husbands,"
("Ecole des Maris," 1661,) a comedy of manners, char-
acter, and intrigue. He produced in 1666 "The Mis-
anthrope," esteemed one of his master-pieces. "The
dialogue of this," says Hallam, "is uniformly of the



highest style ; the female and indeed all the characters
are excellently conceived and sustained." Still more
popular was the "Hypocrite," ("Tartuffe," 1667,) an
original creation in dramatic poetry, and generally con-
sidered the greatest effort of his genius. He was the
author of about thirty other comedies, in verse or prose,
among which "The Bores," ("Les Facheux," 1661,)
the "School for Wives," ("Ecole des Femmes," 1662,)
" Love (or Cupid) as Physician," (" L'Amour Medecin,"
1665.) "Le Medecin malgre lui," (1666,) "The Miser,"
(" L'A vare," 1667,) " Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme," (1670,)
" Learned (or Pedantic) Ladies," (" Femmes savantes,"
1672,) and "The Imaginary Invalid," (or "Hypochon-
driac,") ("Le Malade imaginaire," 1672,) are greatly
admired. Died in Paris, February 17, 1673.

There is perhaps in the whole history of literature no
more remarkable instance of the triumph of genius than
is presented to us in the career of Moliere. Seldom, if
ever, were the pride and tyranny of rank more predomi-
nant than in France in the latter half of the seventeenth
century. Yet many of the French nobility treated Mo-
liere as a companion and equal. " Come to me at any
hour you please," said the great Prince de Conde 1 to oar
author : " you have but to announce your name : your
visit can never be ill-timed." (See Scott's " Miscellanies.")
The success of " Tartuffe" was a signal victory achieved in
the face of an all-prevailing bigotry, which was strongly
entwined in the very spirit of the age and had struck
deep root into the heart of the king himself. But the
castle of prejudice, invincible to every other assault, was
fain to open its reluctant gates to the transcendent ge-
nius of Moliere. He was remarkable not merely for his
wonderful comic talent, but for his admirable delineation
of human nature as it appears in all countries and all ages.
" In the more appropriate merits of comedy," says Hal-
lam, " in just and forcible delineation of character, skilful
contrivance of circumstances, and humorous dialogue,
we must award him the prize." The same eminent critic
thinks "that Shakspeare had the greater genius, but
perhaps Moliere has written the best comedies." He was
not a member of the French Academy. After Moliere's
death, that learned body placed his bust in their hall,
with this beautiful and appropriate inscription :

" Rien DC manque & sa gloire : il manquait a la notre."*

See GRIMAREST, "Vie de J. B. Poquelin de Moliere," . _
VOLTAIRE, " Vie de Moliere," etc.. 1739 : LA HARPB, " Iddes sui
Moliere ;" CAILHAVA, " Etudessur Moliere," 1802; J. TASCH;
" Histoire de la Vieet des Ouvrages de Moliere," 1825 ; JEAN SYLVAIN
BAIU.Y, "Eloge de Moliere,'' 1770; SAINTB-BEUVE, "Portraits
litteraires ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale :" " Lives of the Most
Eminent French Writers," by MRS. SHELLEY;" Essay on Moliere



view" for July, 1845.

Molieres, de, deh mo'le-aiR', (JOSEPH PRIVAT,) a
French philosopher and mathematician, born at Taras-
con in 1677, was a friend and disciple of Malebranche.
He succeeded Varignon as professor of philosophy in
the College of France in 1723, and was elected aE
associate of the Academy of Sciences in 1729. He was
the author of several scientific works. It is related, as
an instance of his abstraction of mind, that when a
robber one day entered his apartment, Molieres showed
him where his money was kept, but begged him not to
disturb his papers. Died in 1742.

Molin, moHaN', or Dumoulin, dii'moolaN', (JAC-
QUES,) a celebrated French physician, born near Mende
'n 1666, was patronized by Louis XIV. and Louis XV.
He made free use of the lancet in his practice, and is
supposed by some to have been the original of " Dr. San



* " Nothing is wanting to his glory ; but he was wanting to ours.'



fesuit, born in New Castile about 1535, was professor
of theology at Ev'ora, in Portugal, for twenty years. His
principal work is entitled " De Concordia Gratia: et
Liberi Arbitrii," (1588,) in which he attempts to reconcile
the free will of man with predestination. This treatise
was severely assailed by the Calvinists, Dominicans, and
Jansenists, and a bitter controversy ensued, which was
iartially suppressed by Pope Paul V. Died about 1600.

See BOSSUET, " Avertissement aux Protestants;" N. ANTONIO,

Bibliotheca Hispana Nova."

Molina, de. See ARGOTE DE MOLINA.

Molina, de, COUNT. See CARLOS OF BOURBON.

Molinseus, the Latin of DUMOULIN, which see.

Mollnari. See MULI.NARI, (STEFANO.)

Molinari, mo-le-nl'ree, or Mulinari, moo-le-na'ree,
|GiovANNl ANTONIO,) an Italian painter, called also

ARACCINO, born at Savigliano in 1577 ; died in 1640.

Molinari, de, deh mo-le-nj'ree, (GuSTAVE,) a Bel-
gian author, born at Liege. March 3, 1819. He became
a homoeopathic physician, and wrote, besides other works,
"Etudes economiques," (1846,) "Histoire du Tarif,"
(1847,) "Cours d'Economie politique," (1861,) " Lettres
sur les Etats-Unis et le Canada," (1876,) and " L'Evolu-
tion economique," (1880).

Moline de Saint-Yon, mo'len' deh siNt'yftN',
(Ai.EXANDRE PIERRE,) a French general and writer,
born in Lyons in 1786. He was minister of war from
November, 1845, until May, 1847. Among his works
is a " History of the Counts of Toulouse." Died in 1870.

Molinet, mo^'n^', (JEAN,) a French poet and histo-
rian of the fifteenth century. He was appointed librarian
to Margaret of Austria, and historiographer to the house
of Burgundy, and wrote numerous works in prose and
verse. Died in 1507.

See RBimiMBKRG, " Memoire tor J. Molinet," 1835.

Molinet, du, du mole'nj', (CLAUDE,) a French an-
tiquary, born at Chalons in 1620, was the author of a
" History of the Principal Popes, taken from Medals."



Died in 1687.
MoLLnetti,



mo-le-net'tee, (ANTONIO,) an eminent



Italian anatomist and physiologist, born at Venice. He
obtained the chair of anatomy at Padua in 1649. He
wrote " On the Senses and their Organs," (" De Sensibus
et eorum Organis," 1669.) Died in 1675.

Molinier, mo'le'ne-a', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French
ecclesiastic, celebrateoT^s a pulpit orator, was born at
Aries in 1675. He published a translation of the Psalms
into French verse, and "Select Sermons." Died in

745-

Molinos, mo-lee'n6s, (MIGUEL,) a Spanish theologian,
founder of the sect of Quietists, was born at Saragossa
about 1630. His principal work is entitled "Spiritual
Guide," (1675,) and inculcates, as its leading doctrines,
the abstraction of the mind from external objects, and
the contemplation of the Deity. The book was con-
demned by the Inquisition, and Molinos sentenced to
perpetual imprisonment, from which he was released by
death in 1696.

See HODGSON, " Reformers and Martyrs," Philadelphia, 1867 ;
PLUQUKT, "Dictionnaire des Hire'sies;" SCHARUNG, " Mysukeren
M. Molino's Laere og Skjaebne," 1853.

Molique, mo'leek', (BERNHARD,) a German violinist
and composer, born at Nuremberg in 1803. He went to
England in 1849, after having gained a reputation in his
own country, and settled in London. In 1866 he retired
to Cannstatt, near Stuttgart, and died there in 1869.

Molitor, mo'le'toR', (GABRIEL JEAN JOSEPH,) a
French marshal, born in Lorraine in 1770. He was
appointed Governor-General of Swedish Pomerania in
1807, and took an active part in the subsequent cam-
paigns from 1808 to 1814. He gave in his adhesion to



a, e, t, 6, u, y, long: i, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; mSon;



MOLLENDORF



1745



MONA



the Bourbons after the restoration, and was made chrva-
lier of Saint Louis. He commanded the second corps
of the army in the Spanish campaign of 1823, and by
nis skill and decision soon put an end to the war. He
was created a marshal by Louis XVIII. Died in 1849.
See DE COURCELLHS, " Dictionnaire des Ge'ne'raux Francais."

M611endorf or Moellendorf, von, fon mb'l'len-
doRf, (RICHARD JOACHIM HEINKICH,) a Prussian com-
mander, born in 1725, served under Frederick the Great
in the principal campaigns of the Seven Years' war.
In 1794 he succeeded the Duke of Brunswick as com-
mander-in-chief of the Prussian army. Died in 1816.

Moller, mol'ler, [Lat. MOLLE'RUS,] (DANIEL WIL-
HELM,) a German scholar, born at Presburg in 1642.
He became professor of history and metaphysics at
Altnrf in 1674, and was made a count palatine by the
emperor Leopold. He wrote numerous Latin works,
in prose and verse. Among them are dissertations on
many Latin classic authors. Died in 1712.

See " Memoria Molleri," 1713.

Moller, (GEORG,) a German architect, born in Hano-
er in 1784. Among his best works are the opera-house
at Darmstadt and the theatre at Mentz. He published
"Monuments of German Architecture," (3 vols., 1815-
45,) and other architectural treatises. Died in 1852.

Moller or Moeller, mol'ler, (JOHN,) a Danish biog-
rapher, born at Flensborg in 1661. He published "Cim-
bria Literata," containing biographies of authors born
in Sleswick-Holstein, (3 vols., 1744.) Died in 1725.

Moller or Moeller, (PETER LUDWIG,) a Danish poet
and critic, born at Aalborg in 1814. He became a resi-
dent of Paris in 1851. He wrote "Lyric Poems," (1840,)
"The Kail of the Leaves," (1855,) etc. Died in 1865.

Mollerus. See MOLLER.

Mollet, mo'14', (CLAUDE,) a French horticulturist,
was first gardener to Henry IV. and Louis XIII., and
gave the designs for the gardens of the Tuileries, Fon-
tainebleau, and Saint-Germain. Died about 1613.

Mollevaut, mol'vo', (CHARLES Louis,) a French lit-
ttrattur, born at Nancy in 1776. He wrote elegies,
fables, and other original poems, and made successful
translations from the Latin of Virgil's " ^Eneid" and
" Georgics," Horace's "Art of Poetry," and the "Ele-
gies" of Tibullus and of Catullus, (all in verse.) Died
in 1844.

Molleville, de. See BERTRAND DE MOLLEVILLE.

Mollien, de, deh mo'le^N', (NICOLAS FRANC.OIS.)
COMTE, a French statesman, born at Rouen in 1758.
He was created minister of the treasury by Napoleon
in 1806. He published an account of his life, entitled
" Memoires d'un Ministre du Tresor public, (1780-
1845.) Died in 1850.

See PROSPER DE BARANTE, "Notice sur M. le Comte Mollien,"
1850 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Generale ;" " Quarterly Review" for
July. 1852.

Mol-loy', (CHARLES,) an Irish dramatist and political
writer, born in Dublin, became editor of the London
journal called "Common Sense." He wrote comedies
entitled "The Coquette," " Half- Pay Officers," and
"The Perplexed Couple." Died in 1767.

Mo'loeh or Mo'leeh, [Heb. ^D,] a heathen deity
worshipped by the Ammonites and other Oriental tribes,
who offered to him human sacrifices.

Molosse. See MOLOSSUS.

Mo-los'aus, [Gr. Mofooooc; Fr. MOLOSSE, mo'loss',]
a son of Pyrrhus and Andromache, is said to have
reigned in Epirus. Molossia is supposed to have de-
rived its name from him.

Moltke, molt'keh, (ADAM WILHELM,) COUNT, a
Danish statesman, son of Joachim Godske, noticed
below, was born in 1785. He was minister of finance
under Christian VIII. for many years. He resigned
in 1848, and was president of the ministry from 1848
to 1852. Died February 15, 1864.

Moltke, (JOACHIM GODSKE,) COUNT, a Danish s'ates-
man, and a liberal patron of learning, born at Nyegaard
in 1746, became minister of state in 1781. Died in 1818.

Moltke, (MAGNUS,) COUNT, a Danish jurist and
writer, born in 1783. He published a " Journey in Upper
and Middle Italy, "(1833,) and other works. Died in 1864.

Moltke, von, fon molt'keh, (HELMUTH KARL BKR-



NARD,) COUNT, a Prussian general, eminent as a strate-
gist, was born in Mecklenburg in 1800. He became
major-general in 1856, and lieutenant-general in 1859.
He was chief of the royal staff, and planned the campa : .gn
which resulted in the great and decisive victory of Sa-
dowa, July 3, 1866. He directed in person the operations
of the armies which, under the nominal command of the
king, gained in France, in 1870, a series of great and
memorable victories. (See WILLIAM I.) He was created
a count in 1870, and chief marshal of the German Em-
pire in 1871. He received from the Czar the order of
St. George, the highest military decoration of Russia, in
1870, and from his own sovereign the grand cross of the
order of the iron cross in 1871. Died April 24, 1891.

Molyn, (PETER.) See TEMPESTA.

Molyneux, mol'e-nooks', (WILLIAM,) an eminent
mathematician, born in Dublin in 1656. After studying
law in the Middle Temple, London, for three years, he
returned to Ireland in 1678. In 1683 he aided in organ-
izing the Dublin Philosophical Society, of which he
afterwards became president For his attainments in
the exact sciences he was elected in 1685 a Fellow of
the Royal Society, whose "Transactions" contain many
treatises composed by him on various subjects. In 1692
he produced his principal work, "Dioptrica Nova," a
treatise on optics, which was revised by Halley. It was
the first English work on optics that had appeared, and
was for a long time the principal manual of opticians.
He represented the University of Dublin in the Irish
Parliament a few years before his death. Died in 1698.

Molza, mol'zS, or Molsa, (FRANCESCO MARIA,) an
Italian poet, born at M6dena in 1489. He wrote Latin
elegies of great elegance, and a number of poems in
Italian, chiefly of a licentious character. Died in 1544.

Molza, (TARQUINIA,) an Italian lady, distinguished
for her knowledge of mathematics, philosophy, and
languages, was a granddaughter of the preceding. She
made translations from Plato, and wrote poems in Latin
and Italian. The Roman senate conferred upon her the
right of citizenship, and Tasso gave the name of Molza
to his "Dialogue on Love." Died in 1617.

Mombelli, mom-bel'lee, ( DOMENICO, ) an Italian
musician and composer, born near Vercelli in 1751. He
was noted as a tenor singer. Died in 1835.

Momboir. See MAUBURNE.

Mombrisio, mom-bRee'se-o, [Lat. MOMBRI'TIUS,]
(BoMNO,) an Italian scholar and writer, born at Milan
in 1424. He published several editions of the classics,
which are highly esteemed, and " Lives of the Saints,"
(" Sanctuarium.") Died about 1482.

Mombritius. See MOMBRISIO.

Momigny, de, deh mo'men'ye', (JEROME JOSEPH,) a
French composer and musician, born at Philippeville in
1766. He published several works on the theory of
music. Died in 1838.

Mommsen, mom'sen, (JOHANNES TYCHO,) a German
scholar, brother of the following, was born in 1819. He
produced a good translation of Pindar into German
verse, (1846,) and "Essays on Shakspeare," (1855.)

Mommsen, (THEODOR,) a German jurist, historian,
and antiquary, born in Sleswick-Holstein in 1817. He
became professor of Roman law at Breslau in 1854.
Among his principal works may be named "The Mone-
tary System of the Romans," " Collection of Neapolitan
Inscriptions," (1852,) and "Roman History," ("R6-
mische Geschichte," 3 vols., 1857.) He is an associate
of the French Institute, and a member of other foreign
Academies.

Momoro, mo'mo'ro', (ANTOINE FRANC.OIS,) a French
Jacobin, born at Besanjon in 1756. He was guillotined
as a Hebertist in 1794.

Mo'mus, [Gr. M<ip>f,] in classic mythology, was the
god of mockery, ridicule, and irony, and was called the
ion of Night, (Nox.) He is said to have criticised the
gods with great audacity, and to have censured Vulcan
because, when he (according to one of the ancient myths)


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 157 of 425)