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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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formed a man, he did not place a window or door in his
breast, so that his secret thoughts might be perceived.

Mona, mo'na, Mom, mo'nee, or Monio, mo'ne-o,
(DoMENico,) an Italian painter, born at Ferrarair. 1550;
died in 1602.



as k; 9 as /; g hard; g as /'; G. H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.

1 10



Explanations, p. 23.)



MONACO 1746 MONDORY

Monaco la Valetta, mon'l-ko la va-let'ti, (RAF- 1 gliano, and the grand cordon of the legion of honour.
FAELE,) an Italian cardinal, born at Aquila, February 23, ' He was elected to the Chamber of Peers under Louis
1827, was created a cardinal-priest in 1868, and became XVIII., and was appointed gotrvtrncur des ItcaaUdes in
head of the congregation of episcopal visitation, and of 1834. Died in 1842.
that of episcopal residence. Died July 14, 1896. Monck, mfink, (CHARLES STANLEY,) VISCOUNT, an

Monagas,mo-na'gas, (Don jACiNTO,)a South Amer- English peeri born in i re )and in 1819. He entered the
ican commander, born in Venezuela in 1785, was one House o f Commons as a Liberal in 1852, became a lord
of the principal liberators of Colombia. d of the treasury j n ,855, and was appointed Governor-

in battle in 1819. / / General of British America in 1861. He was made a peer

Monantheuil, de, deh mo n6N tul or mo noN tub - of the United Kingdom in 1866. Died Nov. 29, 1894.
je, [Lat. MONANTHO'LIUS,] (HENRI,) a French math( Monclar, de, deh moN'kltR', (JEAN PIERRE FRAN-
matician, born at Rheims about 1536. He became COIS de Ri per t_deh re'pais',) MARQUIS, an eminent
professor of mathematics in the Royal College, Pans, French magistrate arid writer, was born at Apt, in Pro-
where he numbered among his pupils Lamoignon and vencej in , 7 ,, He became procureur-general in 1732.
De Thou. He was the author of several scientific treat- From about , ?49 he distinguished himself by his zealous
ises in Latin. Died in 1606. assertion of the liberty of the Protestants, and in 1762

Monardes, mo-naR'des, (NICOLAS,) a Spanish phy- he exposed the tendencies of the Jesuits, in a work
sician and botanist, was a native of Seville. His prin- which Villemain pronounces a master-piece. Died in
cipal work is a "Treatise on the Medicines of the 1773.

New World." Linnaeus named in his honour the genus Moncreiff or Moncrieff, mon-kreef", (Sir HENRY
Monarda. Died in 1578. WELLWOOD,) a distinguished Scottish divine, bom in

Mon-bod'do, (JAMES BURNET,) LORD, a learned Perthshire in 1750, became minister of Saint Cuthbert's,
Scottish jurist and eccentric writer, born in Kincardine- Edinburgh, in 1775. He was a zealous Whig, and took
shire in 1 7 14. He studied at Aberdeen, and subsequently an active part in the ecclesiastical controversies of the
at the University of Groningen, and was appointed, after time, in relation to which he published several treatises,
his return to Scotland, one of the judges of the court of , He also wrote " Discourses on the Evidence of the
session, (1767.) He published (1774) his "Dissertation Jewish and Christian Revelations," (1815,) and an "Ae-
on the Origin and Progress of Language," in which he count of the Life and Writings of John Erskine," (1818.)
manifests an enthusiastic admiration for the literature Died in 1827.

and philosophy of the ancient Greeks, and advances the Moncrieff, (Sir ALEXANDER,) a British inventor,
theory that the human race was originally a species of : born in Scotland in 1829. He invented the system
rionkey. In his " Ancient Metaphysics, or the Science o [ mounting heavy ordnance known as the disappear-
of Universals," (1779,) Lord Monboddo has still further ] ing S y Ste m, now widely adopted,
developed the same ideas. He was intimate with Dr. Moncrieff, (ASCOTT ROBERT HOPE,) a Scotch
Johnson and other eminent men of the time, by whom ' aut h O r, born at Edinburgh in 1846. He published,
he was highly esteemed for the excellence of his charac- la el under the name of Ascott R . Hopei m ore than



ter. Died in 1 799.



"



a hundred books for boys.



Moncrieff, (JAMES,) a Scottish baron, son of the fol-
^Mo^bron, "d'eTd'eh m6N 7 bK'oN ; ,'7N. Fougeret- ! 'owing, was born in Edinburgh, November 29 181 1. He
foozh'ri',) a French IMlratcur, born at Peronne, wrote | was appointed lord advocate for Scotland in ,851. and re-
"S Henriade travestie," (1745,) and " Le Cosmopol," appointed in 1859. From 1859 to 1868 he represented
(io.) He was extremely censorious and misanthrop- 1 in Parliament the cityo Edinburgh with the Un.ver-
ical Died in 1761 slties f Aberdeen and Glasgow. In 1869 he was chosen

TVT^n^a/la Ac. ' Hi mnn W3'ni (Don FRANCISCO) lord rector of the University of Edinburgh.

t the tie e of Goch in 16^1; He was the and lord justiciary. Died in 1851.

author of a valuable " History of the Expedition of the Moncrif; de, deh moN'kRef , (FRANCOIS AUGUSTIN
Catalans againsttheGreeksandTurks,"(l623,) and othei PARADIS,) a French htthateur born m Paris m 1687,
wor l ts i was a favourite at the court of Louis XV., and became

Moncada, de. written also Moncade, (HUGO,) a secretary & to Count d'Argenson. He was elected to the

. -. . r- u Academy in 1733, and was intimate with vol-



number of operas, songs, and ballads.




Mond, (LuDwic,)
Cassel in 1839. He engaged in manufacture in Eng-
land in 1862, and founded in 1873 what are now the

largest alkali works in the world. He has made

r . i



marched to Rome and liberated the imprisoned pope,
Clement VII., on condition that he should abandon the
French party. He was killed in a sea-fight near Naplet
011528.
.Moncalvo, n. See CACCIA.

Monceaux, de, deh mdN'so', (FRANCOIS,) a French , many valuable inventions in the manufacture of
writer, born at Arras, flourished about 1570-90. He chlorine, nickel, soda, etc. He founded the Davy-
wrote "Bucolica Sacra," (1587.) and other works in i Faraday Research Laboratory of the Royal Institu-
Terse. tion in 1896.

Moncel, du, dii moN'sel', (THEODOSE ACHILLE . .

Louis,) VICOMTF., a French savant, born in Paris in Mondejar, de, di mon-da-HaR', (CASPAR IBANEZ pi
1821. He published, besides other works, "Expose des SEGOVIA, PERSALTA v MENDOZA,) MARQUIS a Spanish
,, f . historian, who wrote, besides other works, Cronica del

Applications de 1'Electnate," (3 vols., 1857.) He gave A]onzo , ' Sabj g , Died after

special attention to electro-magnetism, and invented ^ ondejar de (INIGO ^^ de Mendoza-lo'-

electrical apparatus Died February 9, 1884. j (h d4 mSn-do'tha') MARQUIsT a distinguished Spanish

Moncey, de, deh m*N sj', (BoN ADRIEN JEANNOT,) comrnander under the reign of Philip II., was appointed

Due de Conegliano, a French marshal, born at Besan- Captain-General of Granada, and took an active part in

S on in 1754. He served in the campaigns of 1793 * The war gainst the Moors.

1794, and attained the rank of general of division. He the s * a p r RE f COTT , .. History of Philip .,.. vol . a. ^ v .
took an active part in the subsequent campaigns in

Spain, Austria, and Italy, and was made a marshal in J on <* u10 de . UZZ V ? ee MUNDINUS
1804. He snnn after obtained the title of Duke of Cone- , Mondory or Moudori. m6N do re', a French actor,

S, e, 1, 5, u, y, lung; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; fir, fill, fat; met; n6t; good; moon;



MONDRAGON



1747



MONK



born at Orleans about 1580, is called one of the founders
of the French theatre. Died in 1651.

Mondragon, mon-dRa-gdn', (CRISTOBAL,) a brave
Spanish general, surnamed THE GOOD MONDRAGON,
fought with distinction against the Netherlanders, and
rose to be governor of Antwerp. Died in 1596.

See MOTLEY, "United Netherlands," chap. xxxi.

Mone, mo'neh, (FRANZ JOSEPH,) a German writer,
born near Heidelberg in 1792, became professor of his-
tory in that city in 1819. He published a "History
of Paganism in Northern Europe," (1822,) and other his-
torical works. Died March 12, 1871.

Moneacillo y Viso, mon-Js-sil'yo ee vee'so, (AN-
TONIO,) a Spanish cardinal, born in 1811. He was raised
to a bishopric in 1861, was appointed Archbishop of
Valencia in 1877, and in 1884 was created a cardinal-
priest.

Monet, mo'n|', (PHILIBERT,) a French scholar and
philologist, born at Bonneville, in Savoy, in 1566. He
wrote " Ligatures des Langues Franoise et Latine,"
(1629,) and other works. Died in 1643.

Mo-ne'ta, a surname given by the Romans to Juno.
The temple of Juno Moneta at Rome was used as a
mint, which in Latin is called moneta.

Moneti, mo-na'tee, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian poet,
born at Cortona about 1655 ; died in 1712.

Monfalcon, miN'flTkoN', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French
physician and historian, born in Lyons in 1792. He
practised in his native city, and wrote, besides other
works, a "Code moral des Ouvriers," (1835,) and a
"History of Lyons," (2 vols., 1846-47.) Died in 1874.

Mongault, m6N'go', (NICOLAS HUBERT,) a French
litterateur, born in Paris in 1674. He made translations
of the " History" of Herodian and the " Letters of Cicero
to Atticus." The latter is particularly esteemed, and the
notes accompanying it are said to have furnished Mid-
dleton with important matter for his " Life of Cicero."
Mongault was a member of the French Academy and
of the Academy of Inscriptions. Died in 1746.

Monge, moNzh, (GASPARD,) Comte de Peluse, a cele-
brated French savant, and the creator of descriptive
geometry, was born at Beaune in 1746. Soon after he
left the College of Lyons he obtained a place in the col-
lege of military engineers at Mezieres. Having by his
skill in geometry made an important improvement in
the process used in the art of fortification, he became,
about the age of twenty, professor of mathematics and
of natural philosophy at Mezieres. While he filled
these chairs with great credit, he gradually perfected
the application of geometry to the arts of construc-
tion, which is now called descriptive geometry. In
1780 he was chosen a member of the Academy of Sci-
ences, and in 1783 removed to Paris, where he was
employed as examiner of candidates for the marine, for
whose use he wrote an able "Treatise on Statics." His
political affinities in the Revolution were with the re-
publicans, who appointed him minister of the marine in
1792. He resigned in April, 1793, and distinguished
himself by his zealous services in the fabrication of arms,
gunpowder, and other materials, which were urgently re-
quired for the national defence. In 1795 he published
the first edition of his excellent "Descriptive Geometry,"
and assisted in organizing the Polytechnic School, in
which he taught geometry and analysis. Monge, Fou-
rier, and Berthollet were the directors of the scientific
commission which accompanied Bonaparte to Egypt in
1798. Aided by pupils of the Polytechnic School, they
executed the geodesic and monumental description of
that country. Having returned home with Bonaparte,
he presided over the arrangement and publication of the
great work by which French science and art illustrated
Egypt During the Napoleonic regime he became a
senator, Count of Peruse, and grand officer of the legion
of honour. In 1816 he was expelled from the Institute
on account of his political antecedents. He died in 1818.
He left an important work called " Application of Analy-
sis to Geometry." His discoveries in geometry form an
epoch in that science, for which he is said to have done
more than any one since the time of Archimedes.

See D. F. ARACO, "Biographic de G. Monee." 1853; CHARLKS
DU?:N " filoge de Monge," i*>4y; DUPIN AiNtt, " Essai historique



surles Services de Monge, 1819 ; WALCKBNAKB, " Notice histonquo
sur la Vie et les Ouvrages de M. Monge," 1849; " Nouvelle Biogn-
phie Ge'ne'rale."

Mongez, moN'zhi', (ANTOINE,) a French archaeolo-
gist, born at Lyons in 1747. He published a treatise
"On the Names and Attributes of the Infernal Deities,"
and other works. He was a member of the Academy
of Inscriptions. Died in 1835.

Mongez, (MARIE JOSEPHINE ANGltLiQUE LEVOL,) a
French artist of great merit, born near Paris in 1775,
was the wife of the preceding. She studied painting
under Regnault and David. Among her best works are
" The Death of Astyanax," " Orpheus in Hades," and
"Perseus and Andromeda." Died in 1855.

Mongitore, mon-je-to'ri, (ANTONIO,) an Italian biog-
rapher and priest, born at Palermo in 1663. He pub-
lished "Bibliotheca Sicula," (2 vols., 1708-14,) which
contains notices of Sicilian authors, ancient and modern.
Died in 1743.

Monglave, de, deh moN'gltv', (FRANCOIS EUGENK
GARAY,) a French novelist and historian, born at Bayonne
in 1796. Died April 21, 1873.

Monl-ca, [ Fr. MONIQUE, mo'nek',] SAINT, the mother
of Saint Augustine, was born in 332 A.D. She was edu-
cated in the Christian faith, and became eminent for her
virtue and piety. She lived at Tagaste, in Numidia, and
had several children. Died at Ostia in 387 A.D.

See SAINT AUGUSTINE, " Confessions ;" KARL BRAUNK, " Monica
und Augustinus," 1846; PKTIT, " Histoire de Sainte-Monique,"
1848.

Monier, mo'ne-a', (PIERRE,) a French painter, born
at Blois in 1639 ; died in 1703.

Monier- Williams. See WILLIAMS, TMONIER.")

Moiiiglia, mo-nel'ya, (GIOVANNI ANDREA,) an Ital-
ian dramatic poet and physician, born at Florence about
1640; died in 1700.

Moii'i-ma, [Gr. Moviui/,] a beautiful Greek woman,
who became a wife of Mithridates the Great. She was
put to death by order of that king in 72 B.C., to prevent
her from being captured by the victorious Romans.

Monino. See FLORIDA BLANCA.

Monio. See MONA.

Monique. See MONICA.

Monk, munk, (EDWIN GEORGE,) Mus. Doc., an English
musician and composer, born at Frome, Somerset, in 1819.
He has published some sacred compositions, and edited
collections of hymn- and psalm-tunes.

Monk, munk, (GEORGE,) Duke of Albemarle, a suc-
cessful English general, born in 1608, was the son of
Sir Thomas Monk, of Merton, Devonshire. After fight-
ing in the service of Holland, he returned to England
about the age of thirty. In the civil war he bore arms
for Charles I., and had acquired some reputation as an
able officer when he was made prisoner at Nantwich in
1644 by the Roundheads, who confined him in the Tower
of London more than a year. Having accepted a com-
mission from the Parliament, he commanded a repub-
lican army in the north of Ireland between 1646 and
1650. He contributed to the victory of Cromwell at
Dunbar, in 1650, and the next year was left in Scotland
as commander of an army, with which he speedily com-
pleted tne reduction of that country. Hume states that
he put to the sword all the inhabitants of Dundee, which
he had taken by assault ; though he elsewhere says his
temper was humane and his moderation remarkable.
In 1653 the government showed their confidence in his
skill by selecting him to co-operate with Admiral Blake
in a naval war against the Dutch. He commanded in
the sea-fight where Van Tromp was defeated and killed.
In 1654 he was successful in his efforts to enforce the
will and authority of the Protector in Scotland. At the
death of Oliver, in 1658, Monk proclaimed Richard
Cromwell as his successor. When the officers of the
army deposed Richard and restored the Long Par-
liament, he acquiesced, and retained command of the
army in Scotland. The royalists and republicans so-
licited his aid in the impending crisis ; but he kept all
parties in suspense by his dissimulation or irresolu-
tion. About the beginning of 1660 he marched towards
London, ostensibly to support the civil power against
Lambert's army. "Cold-blooded and taciturn," says
Macaulay, " zealous for no polity and for no religion



says

i, he



eas; <;ass; goard; gas/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th asinMu. (JEjT^See Explanations, p. 23.)



MONK



1748



MONRAD



maintained an impenetrable reserve" when he was im-
plored to restore peace to the nation. Having cautious! y
removed from command those whom he distrusted, and
prepared the way for the restoration, he declared for a
free Parliament, which soon assembled, amidst general
joy and exultation. Charles II. was proclaimed king
in May, 1660, and rewarded the services of Monk by
creating him Duke of Albemarle. In 1666 Monk main-
tained his reputation in a great naval battle against the
Dutch. He died in 1670, leaving a son, at whose death
the family became extinct. Hume, after a eulogy of his
character, says, "I confess, however, that Dr. Douglas
has shown me an original letter of his, containing very
earnest and certainly false protestations of his zeal for
a commonwealth."



don.



See "State Papers of Charles II. ."edited by MRS. GREEN, Lon-
n, 1866; GUIZOT, "Memoirs of Monk;" "The Life of General



Monk," by THOMAS SKELTON: T. SKINNER, "Life of General
k;" GUM



Monk



HBLK, "Life of Genera] Monk," 1671; CLAKHNDON,



" History of the Rebellion;" HALLAM. "Constitutional History;"
MACAULAY, " History of England;" " Retrospective Review," vol.
riii., (1826;) CAMPBKLL, " Lives of the British Admirals."

Monk, (JAMES HENRY,) an English clergyman and
author, born at Huntingford in 1784. He became Bishop
of Gloucester about 1830. He wrote a " Life of Bentley,"
(1831.) Died in 1856.

Monk, (MARY MOLESWORTH,) a distinguished writer,
was a daughter of Robert, Lord Molesworth, and was
married to George Monk, an Irish gentleman. She died
in 1715, leaving a collection entitled "Marinda: Poems
and Translations on Several Occasions," (1716.)

Monk'house, (WILLIAM COSMO,) a British writer,
born in 1840. His works consist of poetry, fiction, and
biography, also "The Early English Water-Colour
Painters," (1890,) " In the National Gallery," (1895,)
etc.

Monmerqu6, m6N'meVka', (Louis JEAN NICOLAS,)
a French littfrattur, born in Paris in 1780. He wrote
many articles for the " Biographic Universelle" of Mi-
chaud, edited the " Letters of Madame de Se'vigne","
(10 vols., 1819,) and published other works. He became
a member of the Academy of Inscriptions in 1833. Died
in 1860.

Monmouth, See GEOFFREY OF MONMOUTH.

Monmouth, EARL OF. See MORDAUNT, and CAREY,
(HENRY.)

Monmouth, mon'muth, JAMES SCOTT,) DUKE OF,
born in 1649, was a natural son of Charles II. of Eng-
land. His mother's name was Lucy Walters. He married
about 1665 Anne Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch, said to
have been the richest heiress in the kingdom, and as-
sumed her name. He received the title of Duke of Buc-
cleuch, and was loaded with royal favours. His personal
advantages and agreeable manners rendered him very
popular. "Though a libertine," says Macaulay, " he won
the hearts of the Puritans." A rivalry or jealousy arose
between him and the Duke of York, afterwards James
II., through whose influence Monmouth was discarded
from court. He was in Holland when Charles II. died,
(1684.) A report thatCharles II. had married Lucy Wal-
ters privately was credulously received by the populace,
who regarded Monmouth as the rightful heir to the
throne and the champion of the Protestant cause. With
a party of armed exiles he invaded England in June, 1685,
and raised the standard of rebellion. He was received
with enthusiasm by the people, and gained a victory over
the royal troops at Axminster ; but he was completely
defeated at Sedgemoor, July 6, and captured a few days
later. Having been taken into the presence of King
James, he threw himself at his feet, and, with abject
spirit, begged for life at any price, but in vain. He was
executed in July, 1685.

Monnet, mp'n4', (ANTOINE GRIMOALD,) a French
chemist, born in Auvergne in 1734, was appointed in-
spector-general of mines. He opposed and undervalued
the discoveries of Lavoisier, Berthollet, and others, and
thus injured his own reputation. He published a " Treat-
ise on the Solution of Metals," (1775,) "Historical and
Political Memoir on the Mines of France," (1791,) and
numerous other scientific works. Died in 1817.

Mouiiet, (Louis CLAUDE,) BARON, a French genera!,



born in 1766. He commanded at Flushing when it was
taken by the English in 1809. For this ill success he
was condemned to death ; but he was then a prisoner in
England. Died in 1819.

Monnier, mo'ne-i', (HENRI BONAVENTURE, ) a
French littlrateur, comedian, and caricaturist, born in
Paris in 1799. He represented and caricatured the life
and manners of the common people with the pen, and
published several volumes of "Scenes populaires des-
sine'es a la Plume," (1830-46.) Among his works is
Me'moires de M. Prudhomme." Died in 1877.

Monnier, JEAN CH\RI.ES,) COMTE, a French gen-
eral, born at Cavaillon in 1758. He led a division at
Marengo in June, 1800. Died in 1816.

Monnier, (Louis GABRIEL,) a French engravei, born
at Besan9on in 1733 ; died at Dijon in 1804.

Monnier, de, deh mo'ne^', (MARIE TKERfcsE Ri-
chard de Ruffey re'shaV deh rii'fj',) MARQUISE, a
French lady, known under the name of SOPHIE, and
celebrated in consequence of her connection with Mira-
beau, was born at Pontarlier in 1754. Died in 1780.
(See MIRABEAU.)

See " Nouvelle Biographic GeWrale."

Monnier, Le. See LEMONNIER.

Monnier, Le, leh mo'ne-4', (PIERRE,) a French savant,
born in Normandy about 1675, published a work en-
titled "Course of Philosophy." He was a member of
the Academy of Sciences. Died in 1757.

Monnoie or Monnoye, de la, d?h It mo'nwl',
(BERNARD,) a French poet and critic, born at Dijon in
1641. He was the author of a poem entitled "The Duel
Abolished," which obtained the first prize ever awarded
by the French Academy. He was elected a member of
that institution in 1713. He also published poems in
Latin and French, and several critical treatises. Died
in 1728.

See R. DE JUVIGNV, "Me"moire historique sur la Vie, etc. de La
Monnoye."

Monnoyer, mo'nwa'ya', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a cele-
brated painter of flowers and fruit, born at Lille, in
Flanders, in 1635. Having visited Paris, he was em-
ployed in the decoration of Versailles and the Trianon.
He afterwards repaired to England, where he executed
some of his best works. Among his master-pieces are
the flower-border of a mirror at Kensington, and the
decorations of Montagu House. His flower-pieces have
never been surpassed for brilliancy of colouring and free
and graceful grouping. He died in 1699, leaving a sou,
ANTOINE, who was also a flower-painter.

See R. DUMBSNIL, " Le Peintre-Graveur Francais."

Monod, mo'nod', (ADOLPHE, ) an eminent Swiss
Protestant minister, born about 1800. He lectured on
theology and Hebrew at the College of Montauban from
1836 to 1852, and became minister of the Reformed
Church of Paris in 1853. He acquired a wide reputation
as a preacher and moralist, and wrote numerous religiou?
treatises. He belonged to the most orthodox school ol
French Protestants. Died in 1856.

Monod, (FREDERIC,) a Swiss Protestant minister,
born at Monnaz, in the Canton de Vaud, in 1794, was t
Brother of the preceding. He became in 1832 pastor
of the Protestant sect called " fivange'listes libres," in
Paris. He edited for many years " The Archives of
Christianity," and published a number of sermons.
Died in 1863.

Monod, (JEAN,) a Swiss Protestant divine, born at
Geneva in 1765, was the father of the preceding. He was
pastor of a church in Paris, and in 1830 became presi-
dent of the Consistory of the Reformed Church. He
contributed to the " Biographic Universelle" many
notices of eminent Swiss writers, etc. Died in 1836.

Monpou, mdN'poo', (HlPPOLYTE,) a French com-
poser and singer, born in Paris in 1804. He composed
popular ballads and operas, among which is " Les deux
Reines," (1835.) Died in 1841.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Monrad, mon'Rid, (DlTLEV GOTHARD.) a Danish
bishop, born at Copenhagen, November 24, 1811. In
1849 he was made Bishop of Laaland. He was at various
times minister of worship, of the interior, and of finance.
He was president of the Legislative Chamber during the



a, e, I, 6. u, y, long: i, 4, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y. short: a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, lit; met; nflt; good; moon:



MONRO



1749



MONS



war which in 1864 detached Sleswick and Holstein from
Denmark. He lived in New Zealand from 1864 to 1869.
He returned to his diocese in 1871. Died in 1887.

Mpn-ro', (ALEXANDER, distinguished as Primus, i.e.
the " first,") an eminent physician and anatomist, born
in London in 1697. He studied successively in London,
Paris, and at Leyden under Boerhaave, and was ap-
pointed, after his return, demonstrator of anatomy to
the Surgeons' Company at Edinburgh. The lectures he
delivered at this time won for him a high reputation,
and were chiefly instrumental in founding the Medical
School of Edinburgh. Under his direction also was


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 158 of 425)