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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Among her poems was one in hexameters, containing
the history of Otto I., only half of which is extant,

Hrungnir, hrung'nir, in the Norse mythology, a giant,
who, on his horse Gullfaxi, ("Goldmane,") visited As-



the German, and edited " Howitt's Journal" (weekly) gard, and, having become intoxicated, defied the gods,
for about three years, (1847-49.) He described his and threatened to carry Valhalla to Jotunheim, (the

He was slain by Thor, who
Jarnsaxa. Some explain

_ ^ ^ ing Hrungnir (whose name

to Remarkable Places, Old Halls, Battle-Fields," etc., j they derive"from hruga, to " heap up") to be a lofty
(2 vols., 1839-41,) and a "History' of England," (6 mountain piled up to the sky, thus appearing to menace



vols., 1861,) " History of the Supernatural," eTc., (1863',) heaven itself. I

"Letters on Transportation," (1863,) "Discovery in lightning, is compared by the Norse poets to the liead



Its summit being smitten and rent by the



Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand," (1865,) and
" The Mad War Planet," (1871.) Died March 3, 1879.
H6w'land, (ALFRED C.,) an American artist, born at
Walpole, New Hampshire, February 12, 1838. He
studied at Dusseldorf and Paris, and in 1882 was chosen



of a giant whose skull Thor (" thunder") broke with his
terrible hammer.

Hrym, hreem, sometimes written Rymer, in the
Northern mythology, the leader of the Frost-giants (Hrim-
thursar) in the great battle against the gods at Ragna-



a National Academician. Among his principal paintings rock. The name is clearly another form of Hrim, "frost,"
are " Driving a Bargain," " Monday Morning," "They're and cognate with the Latin rima (" hoarfrost") and the
Coming," "A Pot-Boiler," etc. Sanscrit Hmd, (Gr. JHUO,) "frost," or "winter."



How'orth, (Sir HENRY HOYLE,) an English
scientific writer, was born at Lisbon in 1842. He
devoted himself to literature and politics, his works
including a voluminous " History of the Mongols,"
a " History of Chinghiz Khan and his Ancestors,"
" The Mammoth and the Flood," " The Glacial Night-
mare and the Flood," and numerous memoirs on
similar subjects.

Howson, (JOHN SAUL,) an English divine, born in
1816. He published, with W. J. Conybeare, "The Life
and Epistles of Saint Paul," (2 vols., 1850-52,) and is
author of other works, chiefly religious. In 1867 he was
appointed Dean of Chester. Died December 15, 1885.

Hoyer, hb'yer, (ANDREAS,) a Danish historian and
jurist, born at Karlum, published a " Life of Frederick
IV.," (1732,) and other works. Died in 1739.

Hoyer, ho'yer, (JoHANN GOTTFRIED,) a German
military officer and writer, born at Dresden in 1767,
published a "Dictionary of Artillery." Died in 1848.

Hoy'er, [Fr. pron. hwa'yl',] (MICHEL,) a Flemish
priest and Latin poet, born in 1593 ; died in 1650.

Hoyle, hoil, (EDMUND,) an Englishman, born in 1672.
wrote popular treatises on Whist and other games.
Died in 1769.



Huabalde. See HUBALD.

Huarte, oo-aR'ta, (JUAN DE Dios,) a Spanish phy
sician and philosopher, born in Navarre about 1535.
He published about 1580 a remarkable book, entitled
" Examen de Ingenios para las Scienzias," which was
often reprinted and translated. The English version
was called "Trial of Wits." It contains some new truths,
with many bold paradoxes. Died about 1600.

Huascar, hwas'kar, an Inca of Peru, a son of Huayna
Capac, whom he succeeded in 1525, was defeated in battle
and dethroned by his brother Atahualpa in 1532. (See
ATAHUALPA.)

Huayna Capac, hwi'na ki-pak', Inca of Peru, as-
cended the throne in 1493. He extended his dominions
by conquest, and enriched them by the arts of peace
Died in 1525.

Hu'bald, written also Huabalde, Hucbald, and
Hugbald, [Lat. HUBAL'DUS,] a Flemish monk of Saint-
Amand, born about 840 A.D., wrote a treatise on music,
and Latin verses in praise of baldness, in which every
word begins with C; for example,

"Carmina Clarison* Calvis Cantate Caracena:."
Died in 930,

Hubbard, U'bSn', (NICOLAS GUSTAVE,) a French
author, born at Fourqueux in 1828. He became a law-



cas*; 9asf; %hard; gasy.-G, H,K,gutluraI; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; thasinMw.



xplanations, p. 23.)



HUBBARD



1324



HUC



a "Life of Saint-Simon," ana many reports aim pa^rs
on industrial questions and on the condition of the
labouring-classes. Died February 21, 1888.

Hub'bard, (WILLIAM,) a historian, born in England
in 1621, was ordained minister at Ipswich, Massachusetts,
about 1656. He died in 1704, leaving in manuscript a
" History of New England," which was published by the
Massachusetts Historical Society in 1815.

Hube, hoo'beh, (RoMUALD,) a Polish jurist, born at
Warsaw in 1803, published " Principles of Penal Law,"
(1830,) and other works. He was appointed councillor
of state at Saint Petersburg in 1843, after w nich he wa ?
employed in the compilation of a new penal and civil
code. Died at Warsaw, August 9, 1890.

Huber, hoo'ber, (FRANCIS,) a Swiss naturalist, born at
Geneva in 1750. The taste for nature and the habit of
observation which he derived from his father were con-
firmed by the lectures of Saussure. At the age of fifteen
his sight began to fail, and was before long quite lost
Soon after the occurrence of this privation he married
Mdlle. Lullin, and was blessed with domestic happiness.
Pursuing his researches into the economy and habits of
bees, by the aid of his servant, he made many interesting
discoveries, and in 1792 published " New Observations on
Bees," which excited a great sensation. He was chosen
a member of the Academy of Sciences at Paris, and of
other similar institutions. He also wrote a " Memoir on
the Origin of Wax," and a few other treatises. Died in
1830 or 1831.

See AUGUSTIN PYRAME DHCANDOLLE, "Notice sur la Vie et lea
ficrits de F. Huber," 1831- "Monthly Review," in the Appendu
of vol. Ixxxii , 1817.

Huber, (JoHANN,) in artist, born in Geneva in 1722,
was intimate with Voltaire, of whose domestic life he
drew several pictures. He was noted for skill in cutting
profiles in paper or parchment, and wrote " Observations
on the Flight of Birds of Prey," (1784.) Died in 1790.

Huber, (JOHANN JAKOB,) an eminent Swiss anato-
mist, born at Bale in 1707, was a pupil of Haller, whom
he assisted in his " Swiss Flora." He was chosen pro-
fessor of anatomy at Gottingen about 1737, and became
professor and court physician at Cassel in 1742. He
was a Fellow of the Royal Society of London, and a
member of the Academy of Sciences at Berlin. His
principal work is a "Treatise on the Spinal Marrow,'
(1739.) Died in 1778.

See ERSCH und GRUBBR, " Allgemeine Encyklopaecie- '

Huber, hoo'ber, (JoHANN NEPOMUK,) a German
divine, born in Munich, August 18, 1830. He graduated
at Munich in 1854, and became professor in the Roman
Catholic faculty there in 1859. He published " Philoso
phy of the Church Fathers," (1859.) which was placed on
the Index, and this fact led to a rupture with the Church
In 1871 he became an " Old Catholic" leader. He pub
lished many philosophical, historical, and theologica
works. Died at Munich, March 20, 1879.

Huber, QOHANN RUDOLF,) an eminent Swiss painter
born at Bale in 1668, studied several years in Italy. H(
worked mostly in his native place. He painted portrait.



World preferred to the Wise," (" Le Monde fol pre-
ere au Monde sage," 2 vols., 1731-44.) Died at Lyoni

n 1753.
See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Huber, (MICHAEL,) a German translator, born at
"rontenhausen, in Bavaria, in 1727. He lived many
'ears in Paris, and became professor of French at Leip-
iic in 1766. He made good French translations of many
German works, among which were Gessner's poems
and Winckelmann's "History of Ancient Art," (3 vols.,
781.) Died in 1804.

Sec QUBRARD, " La France Litte'raire-"

Huber, (PETER, or PIERRE,) son of Francis, noticed
jbove, published a " History of the Habits of Indigenous
Ants," " Observations on Drones," and other zoological
realises. Died in 1841.

See " Edinburgh Review" for July, 1812, and October, 1815.

Huber, (THERESE,) a German novelist, born at Got-
tingen in 1764, was a daughter of C. G. Heyne, the
philologist. She was married to John George Forster,
an eminent author, in 1784, and to Ludwig F. Huber
Inoticed above) in 1794. Died at Augsburg in 1829.

Huber, (VICTOR AIM,) a historian and critic, son of
Louis Ferdinand, noticed above, was born at Stuttgart
in 1800. He popularized Spanish literature in Germany
by his "History of the Cid" (1829) and his "Sketches
of Spain," (4 vols., 1828-35.) For many years he was pro-
r essor at Marburg and Berlin. Died July 19, 1869.

Huber, hii'ber, [LaL. HUBE'RUS,] (ULRICH,) a Dutch
jurist, born at Dokkum in 1636. In 1665 he was chosen
professor of law at Franeker. He published many able
treatises on civil law, among which are "De Jure Civi-
tatis," (1672,) and " Praelectiones ad Pandectas," (1686.)
From the former Rousseau derived many of the ideas
or principles of his "Contrat Social." Died in 1694.

See VITBINGA, "Oratioin Eicessum U. Hubert," 1694: "Nou-
velle Biographic Ge'ne'rale;" JOCHBR, " Allgemehies Gelehrten-
Lexikon."

Hubert, /Sti'baiR', (FRANCOIS,) a French engraver,
born at Abbeville in 1744 ; died in 1809.

Hubert, (MATHIF.U.) an eloquent French preacher,
born near Mayenne in 1640. He taught belles-lettres in
various colleges, preached in Paris and the provinces,
and died in 1717. His Sermons were published in 5
vols., (1725.)

HubeniB. See HUBER. (ULRICH.)

Hub'ner, (EMIL,) a German philologist, a son of R.
J. B. Hubner, was born at Dusseldorf, July 7, 1834. He
edited many volumes of Latin inscriptions, and in 1863
was made professor of classical philology in the University
of Berlin. He published works on Roman literature, on
Latin grammar, on the " History of Classic Philology,"
(1876,) and on Greek syntax, (1883.)

Hubner or Huebner, hfip'ner, JOHANN,) a German
geographer and teacher, born at or near Zittau in 1668.
His " Questions on Ancient and Modern Geography"
(1693) was often reprinted. Died in I73 1 -

Hubner, (KARL,) a German genre painter, born in
Konigsberg, June 14, 1814. In 1864 he became professor
of painting at Dusseldorf, where he died. December 5,
1879.



TINTORET. Died in 1748.

See NAGLBR, " AUgemeines Kunstler-Lexikon."
Huber, Au'baiR' or hoo'ber, (Louis FERDINAND,) a
distinguished litterateur, son of Michael, noticed below,
was born in Paris in 1764. In 1794 he married Theresa,
the widow of John George Forster and daughter of the
eminent philologist Heyne. He became in 1798 editor
of the "Allgemeine Zeitung" at Stuttgart. He wrote
eeveral dramas, and a collection of popular tales. Died
in 1804.

Huber, (MARIE,) a Swiss authoress and Protestant
theologian, remarkable for her peculiar religious views,
which appear to have been a mixture of rationalism and
mysticism, was born at Geneva in 1695. She wrote, be-
sides other religious and moral works, " Letters on the
Religion essential to Man, as distinguished from that
which is Conventional," (aceesseire, ) ( 1 738,) in which she
uses a very subtle dialectic, and "The Insane (or Foolish)



bKIMUl \JCIUl<lll U13H-MH,**! JJMll - f - -

in 1806, was a pupil of Schadow. He settled at Dresden
in 1839, and became a professor in the Academy of Arts
in that city in 1841. His works are admired for grace
of expression and beauty of colour. Among his master-
pieces are " Boaz and Ruth," " Christ and the Evan-
gelists," "The Golden Age," and "Felicity and Sleep.
Died November 7, 1882.

Hubner, von, ton hBp'ner, (JOSEPH ALEXANDER,)
an Austrian diplomatist, born in Vienna in 181 1, was
ambassador to the French court, and signed the treaty
of peace at the C ongress of Paris in 1 856. He publ ished
an excellent work on "Sixtus the Fifth," (1871,) and ' A
Journey around the World," (1873.) Died July 30, 1692-

Hub'sch or Huebsch, htSpsh, (HlINKICH.) a German
architect, born at Weinheim, Baden, in 1795 ; died 1863

Hue /Siik, (Abbe EVARISTE Rtcis,) a French Catho-
lic missionary and traveller, born at Toulouse in I



i, e, T, o, u, y, hng: a, e, A, same, less prolonged ; a, e, i, 6, u, ?, short; a, e, i, Q, obscurt; far, fill, fit; met;



it; goo.



HUCBALD



HUET



He went to China in 1839, learned the Chinese Ian
guage, and laboured as a missionary. About the ent
of 1845 he visited Lassa, the capital of Thibet, where h
was permitted to remain only a few weeks. Havinj
returned to France in 1852, he published his very curiou
and amusing "Travels in Tartary, Thibet, and China, 1
(" Souvenirs d'un Voyage dans la Tartarie," etc., 2 vols.
1852,) which obtained a wide popularity, and was trans
lated into English by W. Hazlitt, Jr. He afterward
published "The Chinese Empire," (2 vols., 1854,) am
" Christianity in China, Tartary, and Thibet," (3 vols.
1857.) Died in 1860.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" "Quarterly Review" fo
July, 1857 ; " Eraser's Magazine" for April, 1855.

Hucbald. See HUBALD.

Huch. See >EPINUS.

Huchtenburgh, van, vtn huK'ten-buRC/, written
also Hugtenburg, (JAKOB,) a skilful Dutch landscape
painter, born at Haarlem in 1639, was a pupil of Berg
hem. He went in his youth to Rome, where he worket
with success until his death, in 1669.

Huchtenburgh, Hugtenburg, or Huchtenburg,
van, (JAN,) an excellent Dutch painter, brother of the

Preceding, was born at Haarlem in 1646. He studied in
taly and Paris with Van der Meulen, acquired a high
reputation for battle-pieces, and was employed by Prince
Eugene to paint those actions in which he and Marl-
borough commanded. He was also a skilful engraver
Died in 1733.

See DESCAMPS, " V:e des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc
Hud'dart, (JOSEPH,) F.R.S., an English navigator
and hydrographer, born at Allonby in 1741, was for many
years a captain in the service of the East India Com-
pany. He was a skilful nautical surveyor, and published
some valuable charts. Died in 1816.

Hudde, hud'deh, (JAN,) born at Amsterdam about
1636, was councillor, treasurer, and burgomaster of his
native city. He was well versed in mathematics, on
which he wrote some able treatises Died in 1704.
See MONTUCLA, "Histoire des Mathe'matiques,"
Hud'des-fprd, (GEORGE,) a humorous English poet,
who lived about 1800. He wrote several burlesque
poems, which had some success, viz., " Topsy-Turvy,"
(1790,) "Salmagundi," (1793,) and "Imperial Mush
rooms," (1805.)

Huddesford or Hud'ders-ford, (WILLIAM,) D.D.,
an English antiquary, was principal of Trinity College,
Oxford, and wrote the Lives of Leland, Hearne, and
Anthony Wood. Died in 1772.

Huddleston, hud'dels-ton, (ROBERT,) a Scottish an-
tiquary, born in 1 776, published a new edition of Toland's
" History of the Druids," (1814.) Died in 1826.

Hfid'son, (FREDERIC,) an American journalist, born
at Quincy, Massachusetts, April 25, 1819. He was for
over thirty years employed on the "New York Herald,"
and published a useful " History of Journalism in the
United States." Died October 21, 1875.

Hfid'spn, (GEORGE,) an English " railway-king," born
in York in March, 1800. He was the great promoter of
railway construction in England, but finally lost his im-
mense fortune, and died a poor man in London, December
14, 1871.

Hud'spn, (HENRY or HENDRIK,) an eminent English
navigator, of whose early life nothing is known. In 1607
he commanded a vessel sent by some London merchants
to discover a direct route to India by way of the North
pole or Northern Ocean. Having advanced beyond 80
north latitude, he was prevented by the ice from making
farther progress, and returned. He made several other
unsuccessful attempts in that direction. In the service of
the Dutch East India Company, he discovered in 1609
the river of New York which bears his name. He re-
newed the enterprise in April, 1610, and discovered and
explored Hudson Bay, in which he passed the winter
and suffered much for want of provisions. As he was
returning in 1611, his crew mutinied, and, forcing the
captain with eight men into a small boat, abandoned
them to their fate. They were never heard of afterwards.
A few of the mutineers returned to Ireland.

See PRBVOST, "Histoire ge'ne'rale des Voyages;" PURCHAS'S
Collection;" " Life of Henry Hudson," in SPARKS'S "American



Biography" ,ol x.. (by H. R. CLBVELAND;) " Nouvelle Biognphw
Generate; J. M. READ, "Historical Inquiries concerning Henry
Hudson, 1866.

HQd'son, (HENRY NORMAN,) an Episcopal clergy-
man, born in Cornwall, Vermont, in 1814, published
"Lectures on Shakspeare," (2 vols., 1848,) and edited
the Works of Shakspeare, (u vols.) D. Jan. 16, 1886

Hudson, (JOHN,) D.D., a learned English critic, born
in Cumberland in 1662, was for many years a tutor in
Oxford University, and from 1701 until his death libra-
rian of the Bodleian Library. He published excellent
editions of Thucydides, Longinus, Josephus, "^Esop's
Fables," etc. Died in 1719.

Hudson, (THOMAS,) an English portrait-painter, born
in Devonshire in 1701. He was a pupil of Richardson,
after whose death he was the most fashionable or suc-
cessful artist in that line in London until he was sur-
passed by his own pupil, Joshua Reynolds, about 1754.
Among his works is a portrait of Handel. Died in 1779.

Hudson, (WILLIAM,) F.R.S., an eminent English bot-
anist, bom in Westmoreland in 1730, resided in London
as an apothecary. He was one of the first in England
that adopted the Linnjean system, and in 1762 published
an "English Flora," ("Flora Anglica,") which procured
him admission into the Royal Society. Died in 1793.

Hue, Au, (FRANgois,) born at Fontainebleau, France,
ln '757. became a valet to the dauphin. In the reign of
terror he served the royal family at the risk of his life,
and was imprisoned. He wrote " The Last Years of the
Reign and Life of Louis XVI.," (1806.) Died in 1819.

Huebner. See HUBNER.

Huebsch. See HUBSCH.

Hueffer, huffer, (FRANCIS,) a German-English author,
3orn in 1845. He was educated in London, Paris, Ber-
in, and Leipsic. He published in 1869 a critical edition
of the works of Guillaume de Cabestan ; also, "The



Studies," (1883,) etc Died January 19, 1889.

HuegeL See HUGEL.

Huel, /iii'SI', (JOSEPH NICOLAS,) a French philosopher,
>orn at Mattaincourt in 1690 ; died in 1769.

Huellmarm. See HULLMANN.

Huerta. See HORTO.

Huerta, de la, di la w^R'ta, (VINCENTE GARCIA,) a
mpular Spanish poet, born at Zafra in 1 729, was the leader
)f the national school of poetry, in opposition to the par-
isans of the French models. He produced in 1778 the
ragedy of " Rachel," (" Raquel,") which was performed
with great applause in Madrid and in Italy. He wrote
>ther poems, ("Obras poeticas," 2 vols., 1778,) and was
he editor of the " Spanish Theatre," (" Teatro Espanol,")
a selection from the best Spanish dramatists, with notes,
17 vols., 1788.) Died in 1797.

Huet, /4u'eV, (FRANCOIS,) a French author, born at
Villeau, December 26, 1814. He became a professor in
be University of Ghent, and tried to found a sect called
be "Neo-Catholic Church." He published books on
Cartesianism," "The Social Reign of Christianity,"
tc. Died at Paris, July I, 1869.

HueMu'eV, (PAUL,) a French landscape-painter, born
n Paris in 1804, gained medals of the first class in 1848
nd 1855. Died January 9, 1869.

Huet, (PIERREDANIEL,) an eminent French critic and
cholar, born at Caen in February, 1630, was educated
t Paris. In 1652, in company with Bochart, he visited
he court of Christina of Sweden, which then offered
are attractions to the learned ; but he soon returned to
Caen, and passed many years in various studies. He was
ppointed in 1670 sub-preceptor of the dauphin, and was
le principal editor of the well-known series of the Latin
lassies "ad usum Delphini," ("for the use of the dau-
hin.") In 1674 he became a member of the French
cademy, and in 1685 Bishop of Avranches. He wrote
umerous able critical and religious works, (in Latin and
Drench,) among which the best-known is his " Demon-
tratio Evangelica," (1679.) This was for a long time i
tandard work on the Evidences of Christianity. Died
n 1721.

Se D'ALKMBERT, " filoge de Huet;" SAINT-MAURICE, " filoje



e a.-, *; c as s: g hard: g as/V G, H, ^guttural; N, natal; R, triUtd; s as z; th as in this. ( ^=See Explanations, p. 23. \



HUET



1326



HUGHES



Ac D Huet," 1850; HUET'S Autobiographic Memoirs, entitled
" Commentarius de Rebus ad eum pertinentibus," 1718, (translated
into English by JOHN AIKIN, 2 vols., 1810;) "Huetiana, Pans,
1722 : BRUCKBR, " History of Philosophy :" ABB* FLOTTBS, " Etude
sur Dauiel Huet," 1857 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Geuerale ; ' Quar-
terly Review" for August, 1810.

Huet de FroberviUe, /4u'i' deh fRo'beR'vel',
(CLAUDE JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French writer, born at
Komorantin in 1752 ; died in 1838.

Huette, /m'eV, (Louis,) a French optician, born at
Rennes in 1756; died in 1805.

Hufeland, hoo'feh-laiit', (CHRisropH WILHELM,) an
excellent German physician and medical writer, was
born at Langensalza (Prussian Saxony) in 1762. He
became professor at Jena in 1793, and afterwards phy-
sician to the King of Prussia. In 1809 he obtained the
chair of special pathology and therapeutics at Berlin.
He produced in 1796 a celebrated work on the "Art
of Prolonging Life," (" Makrobiotik, oder die Kunst
das menschliche Leben zu verlangern,") often reprinted
and translated. Among his other works are a "System
of Practical Medicine," (2 vols., 1800-05,) and "Enchiri-
dion Medicum," (1836; gth edition, 1851.) Died in 1836.
See F. L. AUGUSTIN, " Hufelands Leben und Wirken fur Wia-
senschaft, Staat und Menschheit," 1837; STOURDJA, " Hufeland,
tsquisse de sa Vie et de sa Mort," 1837.

Hufeland, (GOTTLIEB,) a German jurist, born at Dant-
zic in 1760, was professor of law at Halle, where he died
in 1817. He wrote a "Manual of the Law of Nature."
HiifhageL See HOEFNAEGEL.

Hug, hooc, (JoHANN LEONHARD,) a German Catholic
theologian, born at Constance in 1763. His "Intro-
duction to the Books of the New Testament" is highly
esteemed, and has been translated into French and Eng-
lish. Died in 1846.
Hugbald. See HUBALD.

Hiigel or Huegel, von, fon hxi'gel, (KARL ALEX-
ANDER ANSELM,) BARON, a German traveller and natu-
ralist, was born at Ratisbon in 1796. He performed a
scientific exploration of Greece, Egypt, India, and other
parts of Asia, about 1831-36, and brought home large
collections of objects of natural history, coins, etc. He
published "Cashmere and the Dominion of the Sikhs,"
(4 vols., 1842,) "The Basin of Cabool," ("Das Becken
von Kabul," 2 vols., 1852,) and other works. Died, 1870.
Hugeniua. See HUYGENS.

Huger, u'jee', (BENJAMIN,) an American general, born
at Charleston, South Carolina, about 1806, graduated at
West Point in 1825. He led a division of the army that
fought against the Union at Fair Oaks, May 31, and at
Malvern Hill, July I, 1862. Died in 1877.

Huger, (FRANCIS KINLOCK,) an officer, born in South
Carolina in 1764. He joined Dr. Eric Bollman in an
attempt to release La Fayette from the dungeon of
Olmutz ; but they failed, and were imprisoned. He served
as a colonel in the war of 1812. Died in 1855.

Huger, (ISAAC,) an uncle of the preceding, was born
about 1742. He served as a brigadier-general in the
Revolution, and rendered distinguished service at the
sieges of Savannah and Charleston. In the battle of
Guilford Court-House he commanded the right wing of
the American army. Died October 17, 1797.

Hug'gins, (Sir WILLIAM,) an English astronomer,
was born at London, February 7, 1824. lie is dis-
tinguished for his observations and discoveries made
with the spectroscope on the sun and stars. In 1876-
78 he was president of the Royal Astronomical So-
ciety, and of the British Association 1891-92.

Hugh, hu, [Fr. HUGUES, ^ug,J a French prelate, emi
nent for talents and piety, was chosen Archbishop of
Besanjon in 1031. Died in 1066.

Hugh (Huguea) L, Duke of Burgundy, was the son
of Henry, and grandson of Duke Robert, whom he suc-
ceeded in 1075. In 1078 he retired into a convent, resign
ing his dukedom to his brother Eudes. Died in 1093.

Hugh (Huguea) n., Duke of Burgundy, nephew of
the preceding, succeeded in 1 102 his father Eudes, who
went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Died in 1 142.

Hugh (Hugues) TTT,, Duke of Burgundy, succeeded
his father, Eudes II., in 1 162. About 1190 he followed
Philip Augustus of France in a crusade, and when that



ting turned back, Hugues took command of the French.
He died at Tyre in 1 192, and left his dukedom to his son,
Eudes III.

Hugh (Hugues) IV, son of Eudes III., born in 1212,
inherited the dukedom in I2l8. He died in 1272, and
was succeeded by his son Robert.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 16 of 425)