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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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;he Most Eminent
Review," vol. ii., (1820;) "Quar-
Westminster Review" for July,

as: 9asj; gk^ird: gas/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in /

ee Explanations, p.


i75 2


He studied in Paris, and in 1830 became associated with
Lamennais and Lacordaire as editor of " L'Avenir," in
which post he was conspicuous as an eloquent champion
of democracy and the Catholic Church. He entered the
Chamber of Peers in 1831, and married, in 1843, Made-
moiselle de Merode, a Belgian lady. Devoted to the
Liberal Catholic party, of which he was regarded as the
most eminent leader, he was an earnest advocate of re-
ligious toleration, popular rights, and general education.
He was a member of the Constituent Assembly in 1848,
and in 1849 was elected to the Legislative Assembly, in
which he opposed Victor Hugo in several brilliant efforts
of oratory, especially during the debate on the revision
of the constitution, in June, 1851. He was elected to
the French Academy in 1852, and was a member of the
legislative body from 1852 to 1857, during which period
he represented the opposition almost alone. In 1858 he
was condemned to a fine, and imprisonment for six
months, for a political essay entitled "A Debate on India
in the English Parliament ;" but the penalties were not
actually inflicted. He published, among other works, a
"History of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary," (1836,) "On
Vandalism and Catholicism in Art," (1839,) "The Po-
litical Future of England," (1855,) "The Monks of the
West, from Saint Benedict to Saint Bernard," (1860,) and
" The Free Church in the Free State," (" L'Eglise libre
dans 1'Etat libre," 1863.) He sympathized with the
Unionists in the American civil war. In a letter to an
English friend, dated December, 1869, he wrote, "Tem-
poral despotism has faded away in a most unexpected
manner ; and I sincerely hope spiritual despotism will
follow, sooner or later. ... I am more convinced than
ever that freedom in the sphere of religion, still more
than in that of politics, is the vital condition of truth."
A great sensation was produced by his letter dated Feb-
ruary 28, 1870, in which he protested almost with his
latest breath against the dogma of papal infallibility,
and those ultramontanes " who have immolated justice
and truth, reason and history, in one great holocaust
to the idol they have raised up for themselves at the
Vatican." Died in March, 1870.

See L. Da LOMBNIB, " M. de Montalembert. par an Homme de
Rien," 1841 : SAINTB-BBUVE, "Causeries du Lundi :" NETTBMENT,
" Histoire de la Litte'rature Francaise :" *' Nouvelle Biographic GeW-
rale ;" " Quarterly Review" for April, 1856, and July, 1861 ; " Edin-
burgh Review" for October. 1861 ; " British Quarterly Review" for
July, 1868 ; " North British Review" for August, 1861 ; " Blackwood's
Magazine" for April, 1870; MRS. OLIPHANT, "Memoirs of Count
Montalembert," 1872.

Montalembert, de, (MARC REN*,) MARQUIS, a
French general and distinguished military engineer,
born at Angouleme in 1714. His family was noble, and
had produced several distinguished captains. He entered
the army in 1732, and was admitted into the Academy
of Sciences in 1747. In the Seven Years' war (1756-63)
he was attached to the staff of the Russian and Swedish
armies, of whose operations he rendered an official ac-
count to the French ministry. He published in 1776 an
extensive and important work, named " Perpendicular
Fortification, or the Defensive Art superior to the Offen-
sive," (ii vols.) He wrote several memoirs inserted in
the "Collection" of the Academy, and other works, in
prose and verse. Died in 1800.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" " loge historique du
Ge'ne'ral Montalembert," 1801.

Montalembert, de, (MARC REN* ANNE MARIE,)
COMTE, a French nobleman, born in Paris in 1777, emi-
grated in 1792. From 1800 to 1814 he served in the Eng-
lish army, and obtained the rank of lieutenant-colonel.
He returned to France in 1814, and in 1819 was created
a peer of France. Soon after that date he was appointed
minister to Denmark, but, having offended the ministers
by a liberal speech in the Chamber, he was deprived of
that post. From 1826 to the revolution of 1830 he was
minister from France to the court of Sweden. Died in
1831. His eldest son, CHARLES FORBES, noticed above,
was an eminent orator.

See DE COI'RCKLLES, " Ge'nealogie de la Maison dc Montalem-

Montalivet, de, deh m6N'ti"le'v', (JEAN PIERRE
Bachasson bt'shS'sAN',) COMTE, a French states-
man, born near Sarreguemines in 1766. He was made

councillor of state in 1805, and minister of the interior in
1809. He entered the Chamber of Peers under the
ministry of Decazes, in 1819. Died in 1823.

COMTE, a French minister of state, a son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Valence in 1801. He became min-
ister of the interior in November, 1830, and minister of
public instruction in March, 1831. He served as minister
of the interior from 1837 to 1839. Died Jan. 4, 1880.


Montalvan, de, da mon-tal-van', (JUAN PSREZ,) an
eminent Spanish dramatist, born at Madrid in 1602, was
a friend and disciple of Lope de Vega. Among his best
works are the comedies entitled " There is no Life like
Honour," (" No hay Vida como la Honra,") " The
Lovers of Teruel," (" Los Amantes de Teru?V') and
" La Lindona de Galicia." Died in 1638.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature ;" A. F. va
SCHACK, " Geschichte der dramatischen Literatur in Spanien."

Montalvo. See GALVEZ, (Luis DE.)

Montan. See MONTANUS.

Montanari, mon-ta-na'ree, (GEMINIANO,) an Italian
astronomer, born at M6dena in 1632, was professor of
mathematics at Bologna, and in 1674 filled the chair ot
astronomy at Padua. He wrote a number of scientific
treatises, and is said to have discovered the method of
determining the height of mountains bjr the barometer.
He was a friend of the celebrated Cassini. Died in 1687.

See FABEONI, " Vifce Italomm doctrina excellentium."

Montanelli, mon-ta-nel'Iee, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian
jurist and litterateur, born in Tuscany in 1813, became
professor of commercial law at Pisa in 1839. He pub-
lished a number of lyric poems and dramatic works.
Died in 1862.

Montano, mon-tl'no, [Lat. MONTA'NUS,] (GiAM-
BATTISTA,) an Italian physician, of high reputation in his
time, born at Verona in 1488. He was for many yean
professor of medicine at Padua, and published a number
of medical works in Latin. Died in 1551.

See TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italiana."

Montano, mon-ta'no, (REGINALD GONSALVO,) a
Spanish Protestant of the sixteenth century, was an
intimate friend of the Protestant martyr Juan Ponco
de Leon. He published an account of the Inquisition,
said to be the earliest on record.



Mon-ta'nus, [Fr. MONTAN, moN'toN',] the founder
of the sect of Montanists, was a native of Phrygia, and
flourished in the second century. He pretended to be
divinely inspired, and that he was commissioned to com-
plete the reformation which the Saviour had begun on
earth. Among those who embraced this delusion were
Tertullian and Theodotus.

See EUSBBIUS, "Ecclesiastical History;" PLUQUET, " Diction-
naire des H^risiea."

Montarroyo, de, di mon-tar-ro'yo, (Jozi FREIRE,)
a Portuguese writer, born in Lisbon in 1670. He pub-
lished several historical works, and commenced an annual
compilation, entitled " Historia annual do Mundo das
Gazetas de Lisboa," (1714-58.) Died in 1730.

Montauban, moN'to'bo'N', a famous French captain
of buccaneers, was born about 1650. He inflicted great
damage on the Spaniards on the coasts of America,
Died in 1700.

Montauaier, de, deh mfiN'to'ze-i', (CHARLES de
Sainte-Maure deh saNt moR,) Ducj a French noble-
man and general, born in Paris in 1610. He was loyal
to the king during the civil war of the Fronde. He was
appointed by Louis XIV. governor to the dauphin, in
1688. In conjunction with Huet, he superintended the
editions of the classics called "adusum Delphini," ("for
the use of the dauphin.") He was distinguished for the
integrity of his character, and is supposed to have been
the original of Moliere's "Alceste" in " Le Misanthrope."
He died in 1690, and his funeral sermon was preached
by Fle'chier.

See PETIT, " Viedu Ducde Momausier," 1729 : PUGBT DE SAIHT-
PIRRRB, " Histoire du Due de Montausier," 1784 ; AMBO^E Rour,
" Montausier, sa Vie et son Temps," 1860 ; " Nouvelle Biographit

a, e, T, 6, u, y, long; 4, 4, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 5, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, Q, obscure; far, fill, fat; met; n&t; good; jioon:


J 753


Montauaier, de, (JULIE LUCINE d'Angennes

doN'zhen',) DUCHESSE, the beautiful and accomplished
wife of the preceding, was born in Paris in 1607. She was
a daughter of the celebrated Marquise de Rambouillet,
(see RAMBOUILLET,) and was an ornament of the bril-
liant society of authors and wits who met in the Hotel
Rambouillet. She was married in 1645 to the Duke
of Montausier, who, aided by several poets and artists,
had composed the famous "Garland for Julie," ("Guir-
lande de Julie.") Died in 1671.

See A. Rora, " Montausier, sa Vie et son Temps," 1860 ;" Nou-
relle Biographic Ge'ne'raJe.", deh moN'bi'rJ', (ALEXANDRE MARIE
LSoNOR DE SAINT-MAURIS,) PRINCE, a French officer,
born at Besan^on in 1732. He became marechal-de-
camp in 1761, and was minister of war from September,
1777, till December, 1780. Died in 1796.

Montbel, de, deh mdN'bel', (GUILLAUME ISIDORE
BARON,) COMTE, a French politician and royalist, born
at Toulouse in 1787. He became minister of public
instruction under Polignac in August, 1829, minister of
the interior in November of that year, and minister of
finance in May, 1830. Died in 1861.

Moatbeliard or Montbeillard. See GIIENEAU.

Montboissier, de, deh mAN'bwa'se-i', (PIERRE,)
called PIERRE LE VENERABLE, a French Ecclesiastic and
writer, born in Auvergne about 1092. He was chosen
abbe of Cluny in 1 122. A translation of the Koran was
made under his auspices. Died in 1156.

See " Gallia Christiana :" " Nouvelle Biographic GiSnerale."

Montbret, de. See COQUEBERT.

Montbrun, moN'bRuN', (ALEXANDRE DU Puy,) Mar-
quis de Saint-Andre, a French general, born in 1600.
He entered the French army as colonel in 1638. He
declined the biton of marshal, which was offered to him
if he would abjure Protestantism. Died in 1673.

Montbrun, (CHARLES DU PUY,) a French captain
and zealous Protestant, born in the diocese of Gap about
1530. He performed several daring exploits in the civil
wars. He was captured and executed in 1575.

See GUI ALLARD, "Vie du brave Montbrun," 1675 ; J. C. MAR-
TIN, " Histoire de Charles Dupuy," 1816.

Montbrun, (Louis PIERRE,) COMTE, a French gen-
eral, born at Florensac in 1770, served with distinction
at Eckmiihl, April, 1809, and at Raab, June, 1809. He
was killed at the battle of the Moskwa, September, 1812.

Montcalm (mSnt-kam') de Saint- Veran, de, [Fr.
pron. moNTcflm' deh saN vi'roN',] (Louis JOSEPH,)
MARQUIS, a French general, born near Ntmes in 1712.
Having previously served in several campaigns in France
and the Netherlands, he was sent in 1756 to defend the
French colonies in North America. He gained a victory
over the English forces commanded by Lord Aber-
crombie in 1758, but was defeated by General Wolfe
at Quebec, and mortally wounded in the engagement,
(1759.) (See WOLFE.)

See MONTGOMERY MARTIN, " History of the British Colonies:"
GARNEAU, " Histoir* du Canada."


Montchal, de, deh mAN'shtl', (CHARLES,) a French
prelate, born at Annonay in 1589, was made Archbishop
of Toulouse in 1627. He was an accomplished scholar,
and a generous patron of literary men, and was the
author of "Memoires," (2 vols., 1718.) Died in 1651.

Montchrestien, de, deh m6N'kR&'te^.N', ( ANTOINE,)
a French poet and economist, born at Falaise about 1570.
He wrote several dramas, etc. He joined the Protestants
in revolt against the king, and was killed in 1621.

Monteagle, mont-ee'gel, OF BRANDON, (THOMAS
SPRING RICE,) LORD, a distinguished statesman of the
Whig party, born at Limerick, Ireland, in 1790. He
represented Limerick in Parliament from 1820 to 1832,
having been appointed secretary of the treasury in 1830.
He was a prominent advocate of the Reform and Test
Acts, and other liberal measures. He became chancel-
lor of the exchequer in 1835, retired from that office in
1839, and was raised to the peerage in the same year.
Died in 1866.

Montebello. See LANNES.

Montecatino, mon-ta-ka-tee'no, (ANTONIO,) an Ital-
ian philosopher, born at Ferrara in 1536, published

commentaries on the " Politics" and " Physics" of Aria
totle. Died in 1599.

See TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italiana."
Montecuccoli, mon-tA-kook'ko-lee, written also
Montecucculi, (RAIMONDO,) COUNT, one of the great-
est military commanders of his time, was born at Modena,
in Italy, in 1608. Having entered the Austrian service,
he distinguished himself in the campaign of 1637 against
the Swedes ; but he was subsequently defeated by the
Swedish general Banner, (1639,) and made prisoner.
He was released after two years' captivity, and in 1664
gained a signal victory over the Turks at Saint Gothard,
for which he was made lieutenant-general. He was sent
in 1673 to oppose the celebrated Turenne ; but, although
consummate skill was displayed by both generals in
their manoeuvres, no decisive battle was fought Mon-
tecucculi regarded this his last campaign as the most
glorious of all, since he had encountered Turenne and
Conde without being defeated. He died in 1681, leaving
a " Treatise on the Art of War," which is highly es-
teemed. He was a liberal patron of learning, and was
one of the founders of the Academy of Naturalists at
Vienna. He had been created by the King of Spain a
knight of the golden fleece, and obtained from him the
principality of Amalfi.

See PAKADISI, " Elogio del Conte Montecucculi," 1776: PBZZL,
" Lebensbeschreibung Montecucculi's," 1792; "R. Montecucculi 1 !
Leben," Leipsic, 1792.

Montecucculi See MONTECUCCOLI,

Montefalconius. See MONTFAUCON.

Montefeltro, di, de mon-ta-fel'tro, (FEDERIGO,
COUNT, and first Duke of Urbino, was born about 1410.
He was distinguished as a patron of learning, and was
one of the most learned and eloquent princes of his
time. As an ally of Alfonso, King of Naples, he waged
war against Sigismund Malatesta about 1456-60. In
1467 he was chosen to command the army of Florence,
and fought an indecisive battle with the Venetian general
Coleoni. Died in 1482.

Montefiore, mon-tl-fe-o'ra, (Sir MOSES,) an English
Tew, distinguished for his philanthropy, was born Octo-
ber 24, 1784. He became sheriff of London in 1837,
and was knighted the same year. In 1846 he was made
a baronet. He performed missions to several foreign
countries for the relief of people who were oppressed
on account of religion, and founded a Jewish college at
Ramsgate in 1867. Died July 29, 1885.

Monteggia, mon-ted'ja, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an
Italian surgeon, born at Laveno in 1762, wrote several
treatises, one of which, entitled " Institutes of Surgery,"
is highly commended by Scarpa. Died in 1815.

Montegut, mAN'ta'gii', (EMILE,) a French critic and
journalist of high reputation, born at Limoges in 1826.
He became in 1857 associate editor of the " Revue des
Deux Mondes." Died December n, 1895.

Monteil, m6N't4I' or mo.VtA'ye. (AMANS ALEXIS,) a
French historian, born at Rodez in 1769. His princi-
pal work is a "History of the French," etc., ("His-
toire des Francois des divers Etats," 3d edition, 5 vols.,
1848,) which the French Academy judged worthy to
share the Gobert prize with Augustin Thierry. Died
in 1850.

S*e " Biographic Universelle, "(new edition.)

Monteith, mon-teeth', or Monteth, (ROBERT.) a
Scottish historian, resided in Paris, and was patronized
by Cardinal de Retz. He published, in French, a " His-
tory of the Troubles of Great Britain," which was trans-
lated into English. Died about 1660.


Montemagno, da, da mon-ta-man'yo, (BuoNAL-
CORSOf) an Italian poet of the fourteenth century, wrote
sonnets which are greatly admired for the elegance and
purity of their style.

Montemayor, de, da mon-ta-ma-yAR', (JORGE,) a
Portuguese poet and novelist, born near Coimbra about
1520, was patronized at the court of Philip II. of Spain.
His principal work is a pastoral romance entitled " Diana
in Love," ("Diana enamorada,") which is written in
Spanish. It is praised by Cervantes in his " Don
Quixote," and has been many times translated. Mon-
temayor is regarded as the founder of the Spanish pat-

as k; c as i; g hard; g as/; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z; th as in this.

see Explanations, p. 23.)




toral ; and " his prose," says Bouterwek, " has served as
a model to all romance-writers of that kind."

See BOUTKRWEK, "Histoire de la LitteVature Espagnole;"
LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe ;" TICKNOR, "History
of Spanish Literature ;" " Edinburgh Review" for July, 1824.

Montemolin. See CARLOS, or, more fully, CARLOS

Montemont, m6N'ta'mdN', (ALBERT,) a French poet
and writer of books of travel, born at Remiremont in
1788. Among his works is "Letters on Astronomy," in
verse and prose, (4 vols., 1823.) Died about 1862.

Monten, mon'ten, (DIETRICH,) a German battle-
painter, born at Dusseldorf in 1799. Among his prin-
cipal works we may name "The Death of Gustavus
Adolphus." Died in 1843.

Montenault. See MONTHENAULT.

Montepin, de, deh m6N'ta'paN' (XAVIER AYMON,)
a French novelist, b'orn in Haute-Saone in 1824. He
produced numerous successful novels, one of which
was condemned in a court of law as subversive of
good morals. He also wrote a number of plays.


Montesinos, mon-ta-see'nds, (FERNANDO,) a Spanish
historian, born at Osuna, wrote a " History of Ancient
Peru," which has been translated by Ternaux-Compans
into French, under the title of " Memoires historiques
de 1'ancien Perou," (1849.) Died about 1660.

See PRESCOTT, " History of the Conquest of Peru." vols. i. and ii.

Monteapan, mon'tes-pin', de, [Fr. pron. deh m6x -
tes'pftN', (FRANCHISE ATHENAisde Rochechouart
deh rosh shoo-iR',) MARQUISE, a French lady, of extra-
ordinary personal beauty, born in 1641, was a daughter
of the Due de MortemarL She was married in 1663 to
the Marquis de Montespan. She afterwards succeeded
Mademoiselle de la Valliere as mistress of Louis XIV.
She bore the king eight children, among whom were the
Due de Maine, Louis Cisar, the Comte de Vexin, and
the Comte de Toulouse, besides two sons who died
young. Died in 1707.

See SAINT-SIMON, " Me'moires :" MADAME DE SEVIGNK, " Let-
ters :" VOLTAIRE, "Slide de Louis XIV;" " Nouvelle Biographic

Montesquieu, moN'tes'ke-uh', BARON, a grandson
of the following, was born in 1755. He served as an
officer, with distinction, in the United States, (1779-81.)
In 1792 he became a royalist (migri. He passed many
years in England, where he died about 1824.

Montesquieu, mon'tes-ku', de, [Fr. pron. deh m6N'-
tes'ke-yh',] or, more fully, De la Brede et (deh li bRid
a) de Montesquieu, ('CHARLES de Secondat deh
seh-koN'dt',) BARON, a brilliant, original, and popular
French author, was born of a noble family near Bor-
deaux on the iSth of January, 1689. In his childhood
he formed habits of intense application to study, and
became an insatiable reader. He has declared that he
never felt a sorrow which an hour's reading would not
dissipate or relieve. Having been educated for the law,
he became a consriller, or judge, in the parliament of
Bordeaux in 1714, and prlsidint <J mortur of the same in
1716. The favourite studies of his mature powers were
historical and moral sciences.

In 1721 he acquired a rather sudden celebrity by his
" Persian Letters," a work which combines the attractions
of romance with the resources of rational philosophy,
and presents profound and luminous views of commerce,
law, and social phenomena. Its prodigious success was
due partly to its spirited, keen, and witty satire on French
manners, and its brilliant, piquant style, full of happy
reticences and unexpected contrasts. In 1726 he sold
his office of president, and in 1728 was admitted into
the French Academy. He then began a journey, in
which he visited nearly all the countries of Europe. He
passed two years in England, and was chosen a Fellow
of the Royal Society. In 1734 he produced an admired
work, "Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur
and Decadence of the Romans," the most complete
essay that had appeared on that subject. He afterwards
devoted fourteen years to the composition of his greatest
work, " The Spirit of Laws," (" L'Esprit des Lois," 1 748,)
which excited almost universal admiration. In eighteen
months it ran through twenty-two editions. In this
arduous enterprise of exploring the labyrinths cf history

and political science he was in advance of his age as an
advocate of liberty and humanity. In reference to this
work, Voltaire said, " The human race had Inst its titles ;
Montesquieu found and restored them." He died in
Paris in February, 1755. He had married Mademoiselle
de Lartigues in 1715. His personal character was in a
high degree amiable and estimable.

See VOLTAIRK, "Siecle de Louis XIV et Louis XV;" D'ALEM-
BERT, " Eloge de Montesquieu ;" VILLHMAIN, " Eloge de Montes-
quieu," 1826; FRANCOIS RIAUX, "Notice sur Montesquieu," 1849;
MAUPERTUIS, " Eloge de Montesquieu," 1755 ; " Nouvelle Bio-
graphie G^n^rale."

Montesquieu, de, deh miN'tesTve-oo', (PIERRE,)
Comte d'Artagnan, a French general, born at the chateau
of Armagnac in 1645. He commanded the right wing
at the battle of Malplaquet, (1709,) soon after which be
became a marshal of France. Died in 172?.

Montesquiou-Fezensac, de, deh moN'tes'ke-oo'
a French general and poet, born in Paris in 1788, was a
grandson of Anne Pierre, noticed below. Died in 1878.

Montesquieu -Fezensac, de, (ANNE PIERRE,)
MARQUIS, a French general and writer, born in Paris in
1739. He was admitted to the French Academy in 1784,
and supported the popular cause in the Revolution. He
commanded the army which conquered Savoy in 1792.
Died in 1798.

See " Histoire de la Maison Montesquiou," Paris, 1847.

Montesquiou-Fezensac, de, (FRANC.OIS XAVIEB
MARC ANTOINE,) ABBE, a French ecclesiastic, bom near
Audi in 1757. He was a deputy from the clergy of Paris
to the States-General in 1789, and was twice elected
president of the National Assembly. During the reign
of terror he took refuge in England, and, after the second
restoration, was made a duke, and received the title of
minister of state. Died in 1832.

See GUIZOT, " Me'moires."

Montesson, de, deh moN'ti'siN', (CHARLOTTB
JEANNE Beraud bi'ro',) MARQUISE, born in Paris in
1737, was married in 1773 to Louis Philippe, Duke of
Orleans. She was the author of numerous poems and
dramas. Died in 1806.

Mouteth. See MONTEITH, (ROBERT.)

Monteverde, mon-ta-vfR'da, (CLAUDIO,) a celebrated
Italian composer, born at Cremona about 1565. He
introduced several great improvements into the science
of music, one of which was the employment of double
discords. His works include sacred music, operas, and
madrigals. The last-named are especially admired. In
1613 he was appointed chapel-master of Saint Mark, at
Venice. Died in 1649.

See FBTIS, "Biographic Universelle des Musiciens."

Montez. See LOLA MONTEZ.

Mon-te-zu'ma 1, called also Moctheuzoma, Aztec
emperor of Mexico, ascended the throne about 1437.
Before this event he had been an eminent general. He
extended the boundaries of his dominions by the con-
quest of several adjacent nations. He was a powerful
and despotic monarch, and multiplied human sacrifices.
Died about 1470.

Montezuma II., the last Aztec emperor of Mexico,
was born about 1470. He was elected sovereign in 1503
for his superior merit as a warrior and a priest When
his election was announced to him, he was in the act of
sweeping the stairs of the great temple Teocalli. In the
former part of his reign he waged war with success
against several peoples, and extended the limits of the
empire. He offended his subjects by his haughty deport-
ment, and oppressed them by the imposition of grievous

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 160 of 425)