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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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de Conde and of the Duchesse de Longueville.

See DESORMEAUX, " Histoire de la Maison de Montmorency."

Montmorency, de, (MATHIEU I.,) was appointed
Constable of France about 1 130, and was the most pow-
erful French seigneur of his time. He married first
Aline, daughter of Henry I. of England, and secondly
Alix or Adelaide, the widow of Louis !e Gros and
mother of Louis VII. of France. He died in 1160,
leaving several children by his first wife.

See DESORMHAUX, " Histoire de la Maison de Montmorency."

Montmorency, de, (MATHIEU II.,) surnamed LE
GRAND, a grandson of the preceding, was born about
1174. He contributed greatly to the victory of the
French at Bouvines, in 1214. In 1218 he obtained the
office of constable, which his talents and merits raised
to be the highest office of the kingdom. The Constable
of France was thenceforth ex officio commander-in-chief
of the army. He had great influence in the reign of
Louis VIII. and in that of his successor. He was nearly
related to two emperors and six kings. His grand
daughter married Louis de Bourbon, a great-great
grandfather of Henry IV. Died in 1230.

See DHSORMEAUX, " Histoire de la Maison de Montmorency."

Montmorency, de, (MATHIEU JEAN FELICIT*
de Montmorency-Laval deh m6N'mo'roN'se' \-



eas; rass; gStard: g as/,' G, H, K, guttural; K,>imal; R, trilled; sass; th as mthis.



Explanations, p. 23.)



MONTMORIN



1758



MONTYON



vll',) Due, a French statesman, born in Paris in 1766,
was a friend of La Fayette, in company with whom he
served in the war of American Independence. He was
a deputy to the States-Genera) in 1789, and was an ad-
vocate of liberal reform. On the restoration he became
a zealous royalist, and was made a peer by Louis XVIII.
He was appointed minister of foreign affairs in 1821,
president of the cabinet, and governor to the Duke of
Bordeaux in 1823. He was also a member of the French
Academy. Died in 1826.

See DB GSRANDO, "loge de M. de Monunorency," 1826: CHA-
TEAUBKLAND, "Me"moires d'Outre-Tombe;" VBTILLARD, "Notice
sur la Vie de M. le Due de Montmoreocy," 1826.

Montmorin Saint-Herem, de, deh m6N'mo'raN'
sa.v-Ai'rSN', (ARMAND MARC,) COMTE, a French states-
man, born about 1745. He succeeded Count Vergennes
as minister of foreign affairs in 1787, and became min-
ister of the interior in 1791. He was condemned to
death by the Revolutionary Tribunal, and executed in
September, 1792.

See DROZ, " Histoire de Louis XVI ;" LAMARTINE, " History
of the Girondists."

Montmort, de, deh moN'moR', (PIERRE RKMOND,)
a French mathematician, born in Paris in 1678, was a
pupil of Malebranche. He was the author of a popular
work entitled "Analytical Essay on Games of Chance."
He was a member of the French Academy of Sciences,
and a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. He con-
tributed to the " Philosophical Transactions" of that
institution a valuable essay "On Infinite Series." Died
in 1719.

See FONTKNBLLE, " filoges des Acade'micieni."

Montolieu.de, deh mdN'toHe-uh', (JEANNE ISABELLE
HAULINE Polier de Bottens^po'le-4' deh bo'toN',)
Dame de Crousaz and Baronne, a Swiss novelist, born
at Lausanne in 1751 ; died in 1832.

Montorfano, mon-toR'fa-no, (GIOVANNI DONATO,)
an Italian painter of the latter part of the fifteenth
century.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Montorsoli, mon-toR'so-lee, (Fra GIOVANNI AN-
GELO,) a celebrated Italian sculptor and architect, born
at Montorsoli, near Florence, about 1500. He was
employed in several works by Michael Angelo, whose
lasting friendship he acquired. He was selected by
Pope Clement VII. to restore the famous group of
Laocoon and the Apollo Belvedere. Among his master-
pieces we may name the fountain in front of the cathe-
dral at Messina, and the grand altar of the Church del
Servi della Nunziata at Bologna. Died in 1563.

See CICOGNARA, "Storia della Scultura ;" VASARI, " Lives of the
Painters, Sculptors," etc ; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Montpensier, de, deh m6N / p6N'se-i', (ANNE MA-
RIE LOUISE D'ORLEANS,) DucHESSE,^commonly called
MADEMOISELLE, was born in Paris in 1627. She was
the daughter of Gaston, Duke of Orleans, and cousin of
Louis XIV. Of a bold and energetic character, she
became a zealous adherent of the party of Conde in the
wars of the Fronde. She rendered several important
services to that faction, among which was the capture
of the town of Orleans. About 1670 she was married
to Count Lauzun. She died in 1693, leaving Memoirs
which possess much interest

See VOLTAIRE, " Siecle de Louis XIV;" SAINT-SIMON, " M<-
moires;" "Mademoiselle's Campaigns," in the "Atlantic Monthly"
for July, 1858.

Montpensier, de, ( ANTOINE MARIE PHILIPPE Louis
D'ORLEANS,) Due, a younger son of King Louis Philippe
of France, was born at Neuilly in 1824. He served with
distinction in Algeria in 1844 and 1845, obtained the
rank of marechal de camp in 1846, and married in that
year Maria Luisa Fernanda de Bourbon, a sister of Isa-
bella, Queen of Spain. In 1858 Queen Isabella gave
him the rank of captain-general. He aspired to tlic va-
cant throne of Spain in 1869, and in 1870 he killed Prince
Henry of Bourbon in a duel. Died February 4, 1890.

Montpensier, de, (ANTOINE PHILIPPE D'ORLEANS,)
Due, a younger brother of King Louis Philippe of
France, was born in 1775. He was arrested in April,
1793, and imprisoned until 1796. Died near London
in 1807.



Montpensier, de, (CATHERINE MARIE de Lorrain*
deh lo'r&n',) DUCHESSE, a French lady, born in 1552,
was a sister of Henri, Due de Guise. She acted with
the League, and fomented rebellion against Henry IIL
of France. Died in 1596.

Montpetit, de, deh moN'peh-te', (ARMAND VIN-
CENT,) a French painter, born at Macon in 1713. He
was the inventor of a method of painting which he called
tludoriqut, (elydoric.) He published an account of his
invention in a work entitled "Note interessante sur les
Moyens de conserver les Portraits peints a 1'Huile,"
etc., (1776.) Died in 1800.

Montreuil, de, deh mAN'tRuV or m6N'tRuh'ye,
(BERNAHDIN.) a French Jesuit and theologian, born
in Paris in 1596, wrote a "Life of Christ taken from
the Four Gospels," (1637,) and other religious works.
Died in 1646.

Montreuil, de, sometimes written MontereuL, (MA-
THIEU,) a French poet, born in Paris in 1611 ; died in
1691.

Montrichard, mAN're'shSR', (JOSEPH ELIE DESIRJ
PERRUQUET,) a French general, born in 1760. He com-
manded the right wing at the battle of Trebbia, June,
1799. Died in 1828.

Moutrond, de, deh moN'triN', (CLEMENT MELCHIOR
JUSTIN MAXIME FOURCHEUX,) a French writer, born in
Gard in 1805. He wrote, besides other works, a " His-
tory of the Crusades," (2 vols., 1841.) Died in 1879.

Montrose, mont-roz', (JAMES GRAHAME,) MARQUIS
OF, a celebrated Scottish general, born at Edinburgh in
1612. Having finished his studies in France, after his
return to Scotland he served for a time in the Pres-
byterian army ; but he subsequently went over to the
royalists. He was appointed by Charles I., in 1644,
Marquis of Montrose, and commander-in-chief of the
Scottish forces. He signally defeated the Covenanters at
Tippermuir in 1644, also at Inverlochy and at Kilsyth
in 1645 ; but his army was surprised and totally defeated
by General Leslie at Philiphaugh in September, 1645.
Montrose soon after went to Germany, where he was
received with great distinction by the Austrian emperor
and made a marshal of the empire. Having collected
a small but ill-organized force, he returned to Scotland
in 1650, but was soon after defeated and taken pris-
oner. He was executed, without a trial, at Edinburgh,
in May, 1650.

See CLARENDON, " History of the Rebellion;" MARK NAPIER,
" Montrose and the Covenanters," 1838 ; GRANT, " Lite of Grahame,
Marquis of Montrose," 1859: GEORGE WISHART, "Memoirs of
Grahame, Marquis of Montrose ;" SIR EDWARD CUST, " Lives of
the Warriors of the Civil Wars," 1867; "Quarterly Review" fr
December. 1846: " Fraser's Magazine" for June, 1841.

Montucci, mon-toot'chee, ( ANTONIO,) an Italian
philologist, born at Sienna in 1762, became in 1785
professor of the English language in the Tolomei Col-
lege, and subsequently of Italian at Berlin and Dresden.
He died in 1829, leaving unfinished a Chinese Dictionary.

Montucla, m6N'tu'kla", (JEAN ETIENNE,) a French
mathematician, born at Lyons in 1725. Having studied
philology and natural science at the Jesuits' College at
Lyons, he visited Paris, where he became associate editor
of the " Gazette de France" and formed an intimacy with
Diderot, D'Alembert, and other savants of the time. In
1764 he accompanied Turgot to Cayenne, as first secre-
tary and astronomer to the expedition. After his return
he was appointed roval censor of mathematical books
and commissioner ol the royal buildings. He was a
member of the Academy of Sciences at Berlin, and of
the Institute of France. His most important work is
his "History of Mathematics," (1758,) which was com-
pleted by Lalande. He also wrote a " History of the
Researches for Determining the Quadrature of the
Circle," and several other treatises. Died in 1799.

See A. SAVINIEN-LEBLOND, " Notice historique sur la Vie de J.
- Montucla," iSco.

Montureux. See BOURCIER.

Monty on orMonthyon, de, deh m&n'te-6n', (JEAN
BAPTISTE ROBERT Auget 5'zh4',) BARON, a wealthy
and philanthropic French nobleman, born in Paris in
1733. He bequeathed the greater part of his large
fortune to benevolent and learned institutions, and was
the founder of the " Montyon Prize of Virtue" given



e. I. 6, u, y, long; a, e. 6, sanw. less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, j?, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; tar, (all, fit; met; n&t; gSod; moon



MONVEL



'759



MOORE



by the French Academy. He published " Researches
and Considerations on the Population of France," and
other works. " His name," says Lamartine, " was the



foremost on the roll of the national nobility."
in 1820.



Died



d

Tale."

Monvel, m6N / v?l', (JACQUES MARIE BOUTET,) a
French actor and dramatist, born at Luneville in 1745,
was the author of numerous comedies and comic operas.
Died in 1812.

Monvoiain, m6N'vwa'zaN', ( RAYMOND AUGUSTE
QUINSAC,) a French historical painter, born at Bordeaux
in 1795, studied in Paris under P. Guerin. Died in 1870

Moo'dy, (DwiGHT LYMAN,) an American lay-
preacher, born at Northfield, Massachusetts, February
5, 1837. His youth was passed on a farm until, when
seventeen years old, he became a clerk in a store in
Boston. He went to Chicago in 1856, and engaged in
business, at the same time carrying on an active mission-
ary work. In this work he associated Mr. Ira D. Sankey,
an effective singer. They held religious services in
various towns in Great Britain, as well as in America.
In both countries he had a wonderful success and
exerted a powerful influence for good on different
classes. Besides his church and school at Chicago,
Mr. Moody established a school or college at North-



dynasty, was born at Ispahan about 1746. He defended
himself for a time successfully against several rivals ; but
he was at length defeated by Jaafar Khan in 1784. Died
in 1785.

See MALCOLM, " History of Persia."

Moorad (Mourad or Murad) Bey, moo-rid ba, a
celebrated Mameluke chief, born in Circassia in 1750.
On the invasion of Egypt by the French, in 1798, he
opposed them with great bravery, but was at length
compelled to retreat. He subsequently made a treaty
with General Kleber, by which he became Prince of
Assouan and Djirdjeh, under the protection of France.
Died in 1801.

Mooravief or Mooraviev, moo-ra-ve-eT, written
in German Murawiew or Murawjew, but pro-
nounced exactly like the preceding spellings, (ANDREW,)
a Russian writer and traveller, was a younger brother
of General Nicholas Mooravief. He published, in Ger-
man, a "History of the Russian Church," (1845,) a
" Description of Armenia," (3 vols., 1848,) and other
works. Died at Kiev. August 30, 1874.

Mooravief or Murawiew, (MICHAEL,) COUNT,
a Russian diplomatist, born in 1845, and entered the
diplomatic service in 1864 as secretary of legation. He
was appointed minister to Denmark in 1893, and in
1897 became minister of foreign affairs. In this
office he displayed hostility to Germany and friend-
ship to France, and was the agent of the Czar in his



field, Massachusetts. He published "Arrows and peace proposition to the Powers. Died in 1900.
Anecdotes," (1877,) " Heaven," (1880,) etc. Died Mooravief or Murawiew, (MICHAEL NIKITICH,) a



in 1899.

Moojaert, mo'ySRt, written also Mooyaert, (CLAS,)
a Dutch landscape-painter and engraver, born at Am



sterdam about 1590.
and Jan Weeninx.



He was the master of Berghem



Moollah-Pirooz (or Moullah-Firouz) Ben-Ka-
WOOB, a Persian poet, born at Bombay in 1759. He
wrote an epic poem, entitled " George-Nameh," on the
conquest of India by the British. Died in 1831.

Moonen, mo'nen, (ARNOLD,) a Dutch theologian,
distinguished as a poet and grammarian, was born at
Zwolle in 1644. He became minister of a Protestant
church at Deventer. His poems were published in 2
vols., 1720. Died in 1711.

Moor, moor,? (EDWARD,) F.R.S., an English writer,
born about 1770. He served several campaigns in India,
and obtained the rank of major. He published, besides
other works, "The Hindu Pantheon," (410, 1810.) Died
in 1848.

Moor, van, vtn moR, Moro, or More, (ANTON is or
ANTONIO,) a celebrated Dutch portrait-painter, born at
Utrecht in 1519, was a pupil of Jan Schooreel. He was
patronized by Cardinal Granvelle, the emperor Charles
V., and Philip II., and painted the portraits of the prin-
cipal sovereigns of Europe. His works in this depart-
ment are of the highest order. He also executed several
historical pictures of great merit. Died in 1568.

See DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc.
" Nouvclle Bioeraphie Ge'ne'rale."

Moor, van, (KAREL,) a Dutch portrait-painter, of high
reputation, born at Leyden in 1656, studied under Ge-
rard Douw and Mieris. Among his best works are por-
traits of Prince Eugene and the Duke of Marlborough
' J - :. -< - -



on horseback. He was en



mVht nf thf pmnfr
niEDi or cnc empir



by the Austrian emperor Joseph I. His "Assembly
of Notables," in the Hotel de Ville at the Hague, is also



Russian littfratfur, born at Smolensk in 1757, was ap-
pointed preceptor to the grand dukes Alexander and
Constantine. He was the author of" Historical Pieces,"
" Letters of Emilius," and several moral and literary
essays, which are ranked among Russian classics. Died
in 1807.

Mooravief, Mouraviev, Muraview, or Mura
vieff, (NICHOLAS,) an able Russian general, born at
Moscow in 1793. He served as general in the war
against the Poles, (1830.) In 1854 he obtained com-
mand of an army in Asia. He took Kars from the
British, after a long siege, in November, 1855. He
afterwards commanded with success against Schamyl,
the Circassian chief. Died in 1866.

Moorcroft, moor'kroft, ? (WILLIAM,) an English trav-
eller, born in Lancaster about 1780, spent several years
in Hindostan, and explored parts of the country hitherto
unknown to Europeans. He was the author of " Travels
in the Himalayan Provinces of Hindostan," etc., (1841,)
" On the Punk Sheep of Ladakh," and other works.
Died in 1825.

Moore, mor, (ALFRED,) an American jurist, son of
Maurice, noticed below, was born in Brunswick county,
North Carolina, in 1755. He was appointed associate
justice of the supreme court of the United States in 1799.
Died in 1810.

Moore, (CHARLES LEONARD,) an American poet,
born at Philadelphia in 1854. He published " Poems
Antique and Modern," "Day-Dreams," "Odes,"
etc.

Moore, (CLEMENT C.,) LL_D.,son of the preceding,
was born in New York in 1779. He was appointed

m ! 82I professor of Hebrew and Greek literature in
_, . _ . . .- . T /

,n New York. He



esteemed a master-piece.

Sei



See PILKINGTON, " Dictionary of Painters :"
des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc : CHAR
toire des Peintres."



Died about 1738.

DESCAMPS, " Vies
:LKS BLANC, " His-



Moorad (moo-rSd) V., Sultan of Turkey, was a son
of Abd-ool Mejeed, and was born September 21, 1840.
He was the successor of his uncle, Abd-ool Azeez, and



the Protestant Episcopal

published a " Hebrew-and-English Lexicon," and othei

works. Died July 10, 1863.

Moore, mor, (EDWARD,) an English litterateur, born in
Berkshire in 1712. He was the author of "Fables for
the Female Sex," which had great popularity, and " The
Gamester," a tragedy, which was also very successful.
He was one of the editors of " The World," a literary
journal having among its contributors Horace Walpole,



came to the throne on the enforced abdication of the I Soame Jenyns, and Lord Chesterfield. Died in 1757.
latter, May 30, 1876. Moorad was a dissipated man, and ' Moore, (EnWARD M.,) M.D., an American surgeon,
his reason was undoubtedly affected by his great ex- born at Rahway, New Jersey, July 15, 1814, graduated
cesses. He was deposed by the Sheikh-Sol-Islam August at the University of Pennsylvania in 1838. In 1838, in
31, 1876, and was succeeded by his brother Abd-ool conjunction with Dr. C. L. Pennock, of Philadelphia,
Hameed. he performed a series of original experiments on the

Moorad- Alee or Mourad- All, moo-rSd a'lee, called physiological action of the heart, which excited much
tiro Moorad Khan, (Kin,) King of Persia, of the Zend attention among physiologists. About 1840 he I

eas/S; 5 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H,K, guttural; N, nasal; girdled; sasz; th as in M. (2^=See Explanations, p. 23.)



MOORE



1760



MOORSOM



to Rochester, New York, where he acquired a high repu-
tation in his profession, and subsequently for more than
twenty years he filled the chairs of surgical pathology
and surgery in the medical college at Buffalo.

Moore, (FRANK,) son of Jacob Bailey, noticed
below, has published " Songs and Ballads of the Amer-
ican Revolution," the " Rebellion Record, a Diary
of American Events," (II vols., 1861-68,) and several
other works.

Moore, (FRANK FRANKFORT,) a British novelist
and dramatist, born at Limerick, Ireland, in 1855.
He wrote many novels and several successful plays.

Moore, (GEORGE,) a novelist and art critic, born
in county Mayo, Ireland, in 1857. He published
"A Mummer's Wife," (1884,) "Esther Waters,"
(1894,) and other volumes of fiction, verse, and criti-
cism.

Moore, (HENRY,) an English artist, born at York
in 1831. He gained a high reputation as a painter of
English scenery, and afterwards of ocean scenes, in
which he produced striking effects. He was made a.
Royal Academician in 1893, and died in 1895.

Moore, (JACOB BAILEY,) an American political writer
and editor, born at Andover, New Hampshire, in 1797.
He edited the " New Hampshire Statesman," a Whig
paper, and became librarian to the New York Historical
Society. Among his works is "The Laws of Trade in
the United States." Died in 1853.

Moore or More, (JAMES,) an English writer, was the
author of a comedy entitled "The Rival Modes," and
was associated with the Duke of Wharton as editor of
" The Inquisitor." Moore is satirized by Pope in hi
"Dunciad." Died in 1734.

Moore, (JOHN,) an English prelate, born in 1644, be-
came successively Bishop of Norwich and of Ely. He
dice ii 1714, leaving a library of thirty thousand volumes,
which was purchased by George II. and presented to
the University of Cambridge.

Moore, raor, (JOHN,) a Scottish physician and distin-
guished writer, born at Stirling about 1730. He studied
under Hamilton and Cullen at Glasgow, and afterwards
spent several years on the continent He published,
after his return, " A View of Society and Manners in
France, Switzerland, and Germanv," (1778,) which was
followed in 1781 by a similar work on Italy. They are
written in a lively and attractive style, and had great
popularity at the time. His principal work is his novel
of "Zeluco," (4 vols., 1789,) which was received with
great favour and still enjoys a high reputation. Died
in 1802.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Moore, (JoHN,) an English prelate, born at Gloucester
In 1733. He became Bishop of Bangor in 1776, and
Archbishop of Canterbury in 1783. Died in 1805.

Moore, (Sir JOHN,) a celebrated British general, born
at Glasgow in 1761, was the eldest son of Dr. John
Moore, noticed above. He entered the army at the age
of fifteen, and was sent in 1794 to Corsica, where he
acted in conjunction with Paoli, and was conspicuous
for his courage in the attack on Fort Morello and at the
siege of Calvi. As general of brigade, he served under
Sir Ralph Abercrombie in the West Indies in 1796, and
in 1798 assisted in quelling the Irish rebellion. He
accompanied General Abercrombie to Egypt in 1801,
and was severely wounded at the battle of Alexandria.
He was made a knight of the Bath on his return to
England, and, after various services in Sicily and Sweden,
was created lieutenant-general, and sent in 1808 to Spain
to unite with the forces in the north against the French.
On the news of the defeat of the Spanish troops along
the northern frontier, and of the numerous French armies
approaching, he made a rapid retreat to Coruna which,
being performed in the depth of winter, was attended
with great suffering. On the l6th of January, 1809, an
engagement took place at Corunna, in which the English
claimed the victory but lost their brave commander.
His death has been commemorated by the poet Wolfe
in a beautiful and popular ode, which Byron pronounced
the most perfect in the English language.



Moore, (JOHN BASSETT, ) a political author, born
at Smyrna, Delaware, in 1860. He studied law, in
1885 became third assistant secretary of state, in 1891
professor of international law at Columbia College, in
1898 assistant secretary of state, and in the same year
secretary and counsel to the Peace Commission at
Paris. He is the author of " History of International
Arbitrations" and other works.

Moore. (Sir JONAS,) an English mathematician, born
in Lancashire in 1617, was appointed tutor to Prince
James, son ot Charles 1., and subsequently became in-
spector-general of artillery. He was a Fellow of the
Royal Society, and the author of several scientific works.
He was instrumental in founding a mathematical school
for sailors at Christ's Hospital, and in the construction
of an observatory at Flamstead House. Died in 1679.

Moore, (MAURICE,) an American jurist and patriot
of the Revolution, born in Brunswick county, North
Carolina; died in 1777. His son ALFRED served with
distinction in the Revolutionary war, and became asso-
ciate justice of the United States supreme court in 1799.
Died in 1810.

Moore, mor, (THOMAS,) a celebrated Irish poet, born
in Dublin in 1779. He entered Trinity College at an
early age, but, being a Catholic, he was unable to obtain
any of the university honours or offices. He afterwards
studied law at the Middle Temple, London. He pub-
lished in 1801 his translation of the " Odes of Anacreon,"
which was very successful, and was followed by "The
Poetical Works of the Late Thomas Little," (1802.) In
1804 he visited the United States of America, on the
society and institutions of which he made many satirical
comments in his "Odes and Epistles," (1806.) His
other principal works are " Lalla Rookh," (1817,) an
Oriental poem, "The Twopenny Post-Bag, by Thomas
Brown, Jun.," (1813,) a witty satire directed against the
Tories, which had great popularity, "The Fudge Family
in Paris," (1818,) "Loves of the Angels," (1823,) and
I" Irish Melodies," (1834.) In 1830 he published a "Life
of Lord Byron," his most important prose work, which,
although written entirely from the stand-point of friend-
I ship, has been highly commended by the critics. He
; also wrote a "Life of Sheridan," (1825,) "The Epicu-
rean," (1827,) a prose romance, and a " History of Ire-
land," (1835.) Of his poems, his "Lalla Rookh" and
"Irish Melodies" enjoy the highest reputation. The
former, though deficient in the higher qualities of
poetry, is characterized by exquisite melody of versifica-
tion and splendid imagery, and in its moral tone affords
a striking contrast to the frivolity and licentiousness
of his earlier productions. It obtained extraordinary
popularity, and was translated into many languages,
including Persian. Died February 26, 1852.

Moore, (THOMAS, ) an English botanist, born at
Stoke-next-Guildford, May 29, 1821. He published
" Hand-Book of British Ferns," (1848,) " Elements
of Botany," (1865,) "Epitome of Gardening,"
(1881,) and other works, chiefly on ferns and orchids.
Died January I, 1887.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 162 of 425)