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parties of York and Lancaster by the marriage of Henry
to the daughter of Edward IV. Under Henry VII.,
Morton was created Archbishop of Canterbury, (1486,)
and a cardinal, (1493.) He was the patron of Sir Thomas
More, who eulogized him in his " Utopia." Died in 1500.

Morton, (LEVi PARSONS,) an American merchant and
banker, the son of a Congregational clergyman, was born
at ShoreViam, Vermont, May 16, 1824. In 1849 he en-
gaged in mercantile business in Boston, but subsequently
removed to New York, where, in 1863, he established
the banking-house of L. P. Morton & Co. He was
twice elected to Congress, (1878 and 1880,) and in 1881
was appointed by President Garfield minister to France.
In 1888 he became the successful candidate for Vice-
President on the Republican ticket with Harrison.

Morton, (MARCUS,) an American jurist and Governor,
born at Freetown, Massachusetts, in 1784. He was a
judge of the supreme court of Massachusetts from 1825
to 1840, and was elected Governor of that State by the
Democrats in 1840 and 1843. Died in 1864.

Morton, (NATHANIEL,) one of the early settlers of
Plymouth, born in England in 1612, was the author
of "New England's Memorial," and a "History of the
Church at Plymouth." Died in 1685.

Morton, (OLIVER P.,) an American Senator, born in
Wayne county, Indiana, in 1823. He studied law, and
was admitted to the bar in 1847. He was Governor of
Indiana from 1861 to 1865, and was elected a Senator
of the United States by the legislature of that State in
January, 1867, for a term ending in March, 1873. During
the civil war he was conspicuous for his zeal in the cause
of his country. He died November I, 1877

Morton, (RICHARD.) an English physician, born in
Suffolk about 1635, had a high reputation for skill and
learning, and became in 1670 physician to the Prince of
Orange. He was the author of " Exercises on Phthisis,"
and other medical works, in Latin.



T, o. u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, 6, y, short: a, e, i, 9, rbscure; far, fall, lit; met; nftt; good; moon;



MORTON



1773



MOSCHENI



Morton, (SAMUEL GEORGE,) an eminent American
naturalist, ethnologist, and physician, was born in Phila-
delphia, January 26, 1799. His father, George Morton,
who was descended from a large and highly respectable
family in Clonmel, Ireland, emigrated to America and
engaged in mercantile pursuits. The subject of oui
sketch early evinced a passionate fondness for books and
thirst for knowledge, and combined with these a habit
of persevering and methodical industry. He graduated
at the University of Pennsylvania in March, 1820, and
in October of the same year entered as a matriculate the
University of Edinburgh, the diploma of which insti-
tution was conferred upon him in August, 1823. He
returned to America in 1824, commenced the practice
of medicine in 1826, and in 1827 married Rebecca G.,
daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Pearsall, highly re-
spected members of the Society of Friends. His first
scientific essay, entitled "Observations on Cornine, a
New Alkaloid," was published in the "Medical and
Physical Journal" for 1825-26. In 1827 he communi-
cated to the Academy of Natural Sciences an " Analysis
of Tabular Spar from Bucks County, Pennsylvania, with
a Notice of Various Minerals found in the same Locality."
During the same year he contributed to the "Journal
of the Academy of Natural Sciences," Philadelphia, a
" Description of a New Species of Ostrea Convexa of
Say." These papers were followed in rapid succession
by many other scientific communications, and the Jour-
nal of the Academy continued to be enriched by his
labours until within a short period of his death. There
were not less than forty of these contributions, besides
others published in the "Transactions of the American
Philosophical Society," and the " American Journal of
Science and Arts," edited by Professor Silliman. These
articles, by their varied range, exhibited great versatility
of talent, treating as they did upon subjects connected
with anatomy, ethnology, archaeology, geology, palaeon-
tology, zoology, and mineralogy. His celebrated mono-
graph on the "Cretaceous Group of the United States"
was received, at the time of its publication, with great
favour by the most eminent geologists of Europe. In
1834 he contributed to medical literature an important
work on the " Anatomical Character, Causes, Symptoms,
and Treatment of Pulmonary Consumption." He early
began to make his now celebrated collection of crania,
and up to 1840 had, with great labour and cost, succeeded
in collecting no less than 1468 crania. In 1839 he gave
to the world his "Crania Americana," and in 1844 his
" Crania Egyptiaca," both of which were very favourably
received. He was for some years president of the Phila-
delphia Academy of Natural Sciences. He died in May,
1851. His name is often associated with Nott and Glid-
don's "Types of Mankind," (1854,) based to some extent
on Dr. Morton's researches ; but that work, published
after his death, and edited by those who very imperfectly
understood his views, gives no just idea of the modest,
impartial, and thoroughly scientific spirit with which he
conducted all his inquiries. In the annals of science his
name will always be associated with that of Blumenbach,
the founder of human craniography. To this study he
gave a powerful impetus, by demonstrating the precise
method in accordance with which it should be pursued,
and by indicating its capability of throwing light upon
the origin and affiliations of the various races of men.
Dr. Morton left several sons, of whom the eldest, an
officer of great merit, died fighting bravely for his country,
(see MORTON, JAMES SAINT CLAIS ;) another son,
THOMAS GEORGE, has become justly distinguished as
one of the most skilful surgeons in the United States.

See GROSS'S " American Medical Biography."

Morton, (THOMAS,) an English dramatist, born in
Durham in 1764, was the author of numerous comedies
and farces, which had great popularity in his time. His
dramas entitled "Town and Country" and "A Roland
for an Oliver" still retain their place on the stage.
Died in 1838.

See BAKER, " Biographia Dramatica."

Morton, (THOMAS,) an English prelate, born at York
in 1564, became successively Bishop of Chester, of Lich-
field, and of Durham. He published several controver-
sial treatises against papists and nonconformists. He



was an intimate friend of Casaubon, to whose memory
he erected a monument in Westminster Abbey. Died
in 1659.

See BARWICK, "Life of Thomas, Bishop of Durham," 1660;
BADDILY and NAVLOR, " Life of Thomas Morton," 1669.

Morton, (THOMAS GEORGE,) M.D., a distinguished
American surgeon, a son of S. G. Morton, already noticed,
was born in Philadelphia, August 8, 1835. He was edu-
cated at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating as
M.D. in 1856. He became a surgeon of his native city,
and acquired a great reputation as a brilliant and skilful
operator. He has published many reports and profes-
sional papers, and is the inventor of important surgical
appliances.

Morton, (WILLIAM THOMAS GREEN,) M.D., an
American dentist and physician, born at Charlton, Mas-
sachusetts, in 1819. He settled in Boston, as a dentist,
about 1842, and made some improvements in the fabrica-
tion of artificial teeth. He afterwards studied medicine
and chemistry, to which he was attracted by a desire to
discover a substance that would render his patients in-
sensible to painful operations on their teeth. He began
to use sulphuric ether as an anaesthetic in 1846. His
claim to this invention was disputed by Dr. Jackson.
Died in July, 1868. (See WELLS, HORACE.)

Mortonval, moR'tfiN'vil', the assumed name of
Furcy G-uesdon, (fiiR'se' gi'doN',) a French novelist,
born in Paris about 1780. He wrote, besides other
novels, "The Count of Villamayor," (1825.) Died in 1856.

Morus. See MORE, (ALEXANDER, HENRY, and Sir
THOMAS.)

Morus, mo'rus, (SAMUEL FRIEDRICH NATHANAEL,)
a German scholar and theologian, born in Upper Lusa-
tia in 1736. He published editions of Longinus, Plu-
tarch, Isocrates, and other classics, and wrote several
original works, among which are "Theological and Philo-
logical Dissertations," (1787,) and an "Epitome of
Christian Theology," (1789.) Died in 1792.

Morveau. See GUYTON DE MORVEAU.

Morville, de, deh moR'vel', (CHARLES JEAN BAP-
TISTE Fleuriau flu're'o',) COMTE, a French diploma-
tist, born in Paris in 1686, was ambassador to Holland
in 1718, and induced the States-General to sign the
Quadruple Alliance. He became minister of foreign
affairs in 1723, and was elected to the French Academy
the same year. Died in 1732.

Mor'y-spn or Mori-son, (FYNES,) an English travel-
ler, born in 1566. He visited the greater part of Europe,
and wrote an account of his travels, which was pub-
lished after his death, under the title of "Itinerary,
containing his Ten Years' Travel," (1617.) Died about
1614.

Moizillo. See Fox, (SEBASTIAN.)
Mosbourg or Mosburg. See AGAR, (JEAN AN-
TOINE MICHEL.)

Mos'by, (JOHN SINGLETON,) an American soldier,
born in Powhatan county, Virginia, in 1833. He was
admitted to the bar in 1855, joined the Confederate
army in 1861, and in 1862 became leader of an in-
dependent body of cavalry which did much damage
to the Union army by daring raids in its rear. He
practised law after the war, and was consul at Hong-
Kong 1878-85.

Mosclu'les, (FELIX,) an English artist, son of
the following, was born at London in 1833. He ex-
hibited many paintings in the London galleries, was
very active in the cause of peace and international
arbitration, and published " In Bohemia with Du Mau-
rier" and other works.

Moacheles, mosh'eh-leV, (IGNAZ,) a celebrated Ger-
man pianist and composer for the piano, born at Prague
in 1794, was the son of a Jewish merchant. After visit-
ing Holland, France, and England, he became in 1825
professor of music at the Academy in London. In 1846
he was associated with his pupil, Felix Mendelssohn, aa
director of the Conservatory at Leipsic. His principal
works are sonatas, songs, and instrument-pieces of
various kinds. Died in 1870.

Moacheni, mos-ka'nee, (COSTANZA,) an Italian poet-
ess, born at Lucca in 1786; died in 1831.



-. as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as>; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as i; th as in this. ( J=See Explanations, p. 23. )



MOSCHEROSCH



1774



MOSES



Moscherosch, mosh'eh-rosh', (JOHANN MICHAEL,)
a German writer, born at Wilstadt in 1600. He was
the author of "Wonderful and True Visions of Phi-
lander von Sittewald," (1644,) a collection of allegorical
satires in the style of Quevedo, which are characterized
by great acuteness, originality, and powers of humour.
Died in 1669.

See GERVINUS, " Geschichte der Deutschen Nationalliteratur."

Moschini, mos-kee'nee, (GiANNANTONio,) an Italian
writer, born at Venice in 1773. rlc wo' 6 a " History
of Venetian Literature in the Eighteenth Century," (4
vols., 1807-09,) and other works. Died in 1840.

Mos'ehl-on, [Moo^Juv,) a Greek medical writer,
supposed to have lived in the second century of the
Christian era, was the author of a treatise "On the
Diseases of Women," which was first published in Wolf's
"GynaEciorum Commentarii," (1566.)

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grzca."

Moschopule. See MOSCHOPULUS.
Mos-eho-pulus, ( Gr. Moo-;f6mniXof ; Fr. MOSCHO-
PULE, mo'sho'pul',1 (MANUAL,) a Byzantine grammarian,
supposed to have lived in the thirteenth century, and to
have been a native of Crete. There was another writer
of the same name, said to have been a nephew of the
preceding, and born at Constantinople. Among the works
attributed to them, which are chiefly grammatical, we
may mention " Scholia on the Tragedies of Euripides,"
" Erotemata, or Grammatical Questions," and " Scholia
on Hesiod and Pindar."

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grzca :" MOHTUCLA, " Histoire
des Mathe"matiques. f '

Mos'ehus, [MooTfof.] a Greek pastoral poet, born in
Syracuse, flourished about 200 B.C. He was contempo-
rary with Bion, to whose memory he wrote a beautiful
elegy. A few idyls a.e the only extant works of
Moschus.

See " Eraser's Magazine" for January, 1836.
Moscoso de Alvarado, de, di mos-ko'so da al-vj-
ra'oo, (Don Luis,) a Spanish soldier, born at Badajoz
in 1505. He served under Hernando de Soto in the
conquest of Florida in 1539 and 1540. On the death of
De Soto, Moscoso was chosen general in his stead. He
died in Peru about 1560.

Moseley, moz'le, (BENJAMIN,) born in Essex, Eng-
land, became physician to Chelsea Hospital. He pub-
lished a " Treatise on the Diseases of the Tropics," and
other works ; but he is chiefly known from his violent
opposition to vaccination. Died in 1819.

Moseley, (HENRY,) F.R.S., an EnglUh clergyman
and scientific writer, born about 1800. He became pro-
fessor of natural philosophy in King's College, London,
and chaplain to Queen Victoria in 1855. Among his
works is "Mechanical Principles of Engineering and
Architecture," (1855.) Died January 21, 1872.

Moseley, (HENRY NOTTIDGE,) an English naturalist,
born at Wandsworth, November, 1844, a son of Henry
Moseley, already noticed. He was educated at Harrow,
Oxford, Vienna, and Leipsic. In 1872 he was appointed
one of the naturalists of the Challenger Expedition of
1872-76. Among his works are "Oregon, its Climate,
Resources, etc.," and " Notes by a Naturalist on the
Challenger," (1879.) His principal studies were upon
invertebrate animals. Died November 10, 1891.

Mosellanus, mo-zel-la'nus, (PETRUS Schade
sha'deh,) a German scholar and promoter of classical
learning, born in the diocese of Treves in 1493. In
1514 he was appointed professor of Latin and Greek
in the University of Leipsic. He was intimate with
Melanchthon and Erasmus. Died in 1524.

Mosen, mo'zen, (JuLius,) a German litterateur, born
in Saxony in 1803. He wrote " Andreas Hofer," and
other poems, also several novels, etc. Died in 1867.
See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."
Mosengeil, mo'zen-gil', (FRiEDRiCH.)a popular Ger-
man writer, born near Eisenach in 1773. He published
" Summer Evening Hours," " Liebenstein and the New
Arcadians," and other fictitious works, which have a
high reputation. Died in 1839.

Mcsenthal, mo'zen-ttl, (SALOMON HERMANN,) a
German dramatist of Hebrew extraction, born at Cassel,



January 14, 1821. He graduated at Marburg in '1842,
and was in the Austrian civil service at Vienna. Of his
many plays the best-known are "Deborah," (1850,)
" Sonnenwendorf," (1856,) and " Pietra," (1865.) Died
February 17, 1877.

Mo'ser, (GEORC- MICHAEL,) a Swiss artist, born at
Sc'r.affha'usen about 1707. In 1726 he settled in London,
where he soon acquired a high reputation for his orna-
mental gold-work and enamelling. In 1768 he was ap-
pointed keeper of the Royal Academy of Arts. " Moser,"
says Sir Joshua Reynolds, " had a universal knowledge
in all branches of painting and sculpture, and may truly
be said in every sense to have been the father of the
present race of artists." Died in 1783.

See NAGLER, " Allgemeines Kunstler-Lexikon."

Moser, mo'zer, (JOHANN JAKOB,) a German publicist,
born at Stuttgart in 1701, became in 1727 professor of
law in the Imperial College at Tubingen. In 1736 he
was appointed director of the University at Frankfort-
on-the-Oder. As a writer he was remarkable for K*
indefatigable industry, the whole number of his works
amounting to upwards of four hundred. Died in 1785.

See J. J. Moser's Autobiography, (" Lebensgeschichte J. J. Mo-
ser's,") '783 : LEDDERHOSE, "Ziige aus dem Leben J. J. Moser's,"
1843: "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Moser or Moeser, mo'zer, (Jusrus,) an eminent
German writer and jurist, born at Osnabriick in 1770,
was chief director of the government of Osnabriick for
about twenty years, (1761-81,) and rendered important
services to the state. He wrote, besides other works, a
good "History of Osnabriick," (1768,) and "Patriotic
Fancies," (3 vols., 1775,) which was very popular. His
complete works were published in 10 vols., 1843. Died
in 1794.

See F. NICOLAI, "Leben J. Moesers," 1797: ABBKEN, " Re-
tiquien von J. Moeser," 1837 ; " Foreign Quarterly Review for
April, 1843.

Moser, (M.VRY,) daughter of George Michael Moser,
noticed above, acquired great celebrity as a flower-
painter. A room at Frogmore, which she adorned with
flowers, is called "Miss Moser's room." She was
chosen an Academician of the Royal Academy of Lon-
don, and was the only lady besides Angelica Kauffman
who ever received that honour. She became Mrs. Lloyd
by marriage. Died in 1819.

Moser, von, fon mo'zer, (FRiEDRiCH KARL,) a Ger-
man jurist, born at Stuttgart in 1723, was a son of Johann
Jakob Moser, noticed above. He was successively aulic
councillor at Vienna, and member of the administration
of Hesse-Darmstadt, (1770.) He published several legal
works, a " History of the Waldenses," and " The Mas-
ter and Servant," ("Der Herr und der Diener," 1759.)
The last-named production, illustrating the duties of a
sovereign and his minister, had great popularity. He
was for some years editor of the " Patriotisches Archiv.'
Died in 1798.

See H. v IN BUSCHB, " F. C. von Moser aus seinen Schriften sein
Geist," etc., 1846.

Mo'ses, [Heb. HTO ; Gr. TAaar/t ; Lat. MO'SES; Fr.
MOYSE or Moi'SE, mo'ez' ; It. MolSE, mo-e-sa' ; Arabic,
MOOSA, moo'sa,] an eminent Hebrew legislator and
prophet, born in Egypt about 1570 B.C., was a son of
Amram, of the tribe of Levi. In consequence of a royal
edict that all male infants of the Hebrews should be
killed, he was deposited by his mother in an ark or
basket on the border of the Nile, and found by Pharaoh's
daughter, who adopted him as her son. He became
"learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and mighty
in words and deeds," and about the age of forty began
to meditate the liberation of the oppressed Hebrews.
Having incurred the anger of the king by his active
sympathy with his own race, he fled to Midian, where
he served as a shepherd .'.bout forty years. He received
a divine mission to bring the children of Israel out of
Egypt to the land of Canaan. Under his guidance the
chosen people passed through the Red Sea into the
Wilderness. He was instrumental in composing for
them a code of laws called by his name, and is the re-
puted author of the book of Genesis and other books
of the Pentateuch. The form of government which he
prescribed to the Hebrews was a theocracy. The funda-
mental principles of the Mosaic law were that man must



, e, T, 5, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, J, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; n6t; g'-od; moon;



MOSES



'775



MOTLEY



worship the only true God exclusively, and love his
neighbour as himself. Having appointed Joshua as his
successor, and obtained a distant view of the promised
land, Moses died on Mount Pisgah, aged about one
hundred and twenty years. He was pre-eminent for
meekness.

See Exodus ii.-xl. ; Leviticus i.-xxvii. ; Numbers i.-xxxvi. ;
Deuteronomy i.-xxxiv. ; Matthew xvii. 3 ; Luke xxiv. 27 ; John iii.
14, v. 45, vit. 19 ; Acts vii. 20-44 ; Hebrews iii. 2, 3, 5, xi. 23-29 ;
Revelation xv. 3; WARBURTON, "Divine Legation of Moses De-
monstrated," 1788; J. J. HESS, "GeschichteMosis," 1777; E. Bous-
QUET, " Histoire de sept ReTormateurs," 1853 ; D. W. MOLLER,
" Dissertatio de Mose Philosopho," 1707; JOHN CAMPBELL, "Life
of Moses," 1738.

Mo'ses -eho-re-nen'sis, (i.e. "of Chorene,") an Ar-
menian writer and bishop, nourished about 460 A.D.
He wrote, besides other works, a " History of Armenia."

Mosheim, von, fon mos'him, [Lat. MOSHE'MIUS or
MOSHEI'MIUS,] (JOHANN LORENZ,) an eminent Ger-
man theologian, pulpit orator, and historian, born at
Lubeck in 1694. He studied at Kiel, and became pro-
fessor of theology at Helmstedt in 1725. In 1747 he
obtained the chair of theology at Gbttingen, with the
title of chancellor of the university. He was eminently
successful as a teacher, and acquired a wide celebrity fo"r
his eloquence. His great work entitled " Institutes of
Ecclesiastical History," (2 vols. I2mo, 1726,) originally
written in Latin, has been translated into French, Ger-
man, and English. Among his other writings we may
name " Commentaries on Christianity before the Time
of Constantine the Great," (1753,) and "Morality of
the Holy Scriptures," (9 vols.) He also translated into
Latin Cudworth's "Intellectual System." Died in 1755.

See F. LUCKE, " Narratio de J. L. Moshemio," 1837; J. M.
GESSNER, " Memoria J. L. Mosheimii," 1755 ; " Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Ge'ne'rale."

Moshemius or Mosheimius. See MOSHEIM.

Moslemah, mos'le-mah, a famous Arabian captain,
a son of the caliph Abd-el-Malek. He commanded the
armies of his brothers, Waleed I., Soliman, Yezeed II.,
and Hesham. He defeated the army of the Greek em-
peror in 716 A.D. Died about 740 A.D.

Mosneron-Delaunay, mos'neh-rAN' deh-16'ni',
(JEAN BAPTISTE,) BARON, a French litterateur, born at
Nantes in 1738, translated Milton's "Paradise Lost"
into French. Died in 1830.

Mosquera, mos-ka'ra, (Don RUY GARCIA,) a Spanish
navigator, born in 1501, sailed with Sebastian Cabot on
his voyage to South America in 1526, and subsequently
became one of the founders of the city of Buenos Ayres.

SeeCHARLEVoix, " Histoire du Paraguay;" SOUTHEY, "History
of Brazil"

Moss, (CHARLES,) an English theologian, a nephew
of Robert, noticed below, rose to be Bishop of Saint
David's in 1766. He wrote several theological treatises.
Died in 1802.

Moss, (LEMUEL,) D.D., an American Baptist clergy-
man, born near Burlington, Kentucky, December 27,
1829, was a printer in early life, graduated at Rochester
University in 1858, and at Rochester Theological School
in 1860, was secretary of the United States Christian
Commission, 1863-65, held theological professorships at
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, and at Crozer Seminary, near
Philadelphia, became in 1874 president of the University
of Chicago, and in 1875 president of Indiana University.
He was also editor of the " National Baptist," (1868-72.)
Among his works is the "Annals of the United States
Christian Commission," (1866.)

Moss, (ROBERT,) an English divine, born in Norfolk
in 1666. He obtained great popularity as a preacher,
and was successively chaplain-in-ordinary to William III.
and Queen Anne. He died in 1729, leaving a number
of sermons, and some Latin and English poems.

Mossen Jordi de San Jordi, mos-seV hoR-dee' da
san hoR-dee', a Spanish poet, who wrote in the Catalonian
dialect, lived about 1230.

Moss'man,(JoHN,) a British sculptor,born in London
in 1817. He was educated at Edinburgh, and resided at
Glasgow. He executed successful statues of Peel, Liv-
ingstone, Campbell, Macleod, and others. Died in 1890.

Mossman, (WILLIAM,) a British sculptor, born at
Edinburgh, February 22, 1824. He became an instructor
in the Glasgow Art School.



Mos'spm, (ROBERT,) an Irish prelate, was created
Bishop of Londonderry after the restoration. He wrote,
among other works, " The Preacher's Tripartite," and
" Zion's Prospect in its First View." Died in 1679.

Mos'spp, (HENRY,) an Irish tragedian, born in 1729.
He obtained a high reputation as an actor, both on the
Dublin stage and in London, where he was regarded a*
nearly equal to Garrick. Died in 1773.

Mostaert, mos'tSRt, (FRANCIS and GILES,) iHemish
painters, born at Hulst in 1525, were twins, and M)ns of
Jan, noticed below. Francis painted landscapes with
success, and died in 1556. Giles, who was a historical
painter, died in 1601.

Mostaert, mos'tSrt, (JAN,) a Dutch painter, bom at
Haarlem in 1499, was a pupil of James of Haarlem. He
enjoyed a high reputation, and was patronized by the
archduchess Margaret of Austria. Among his master-
pieces are a " Nativity," " Ecce Homo," and " Discor.*
throwing the Apple." Died in 1555.

See PILKINGTON, " Dictionary of Painters;" DKSCAMPS, "Viea
des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc.

Mostanser-Billah, mos'tan'ser bil'lah, sometimes
written Moiitaser-Billah, a caliph and patron of learn-
ing, born at Cordova, Spain, in 910 A.D. He began to
reign in 961. He founded several colleges, and a library
of 600,000 volumes. Died in 976.

Sec ROMEY, " Histoire d'Espagne."

Mostasem-BiUah, AL, f I mos'ta'sem bil'lah, (Aboo-
Ahmed-Abdallah, a'bod ah'med ab-dal'la'h,) the last
Abbasside caliph of Bagdad, was born in 1221, and suc-
ceeded his father Mostanser in 1242. He was conquered
and put to death in 1258 by Hoolagoo.

See WEIL, " Geschichte der Chalifen."

Mostowsky, mos-tov'skee, (THADDEUS,) COUNT, *
distinguished Polish patriot and diplomatist, born at


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 167 of 425)