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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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See QUILLIET, " Dictionnaire des Peintres Espagnols."

Moyle, moil, (WALTER,) an English jurist and writer,
born in Cornwall in 1672, was a friend of Congreve and
Wycherly. He was the author of an " Essay on the
Roman Constitution," and other works, and translated
Xenophon's treatise "On the Revenues of Athens."
Died in 1721.

See "Life of W. Moyle," prefixed to his works.

Moyreau, mwa'ro', QEAN,) a French engraver, born
at Orleans in 1690. Among his best prints are "The
Lion-Hunt," after Rubens, and " Bacchus and Ariadne,"
after Boullongne. Died in 1763.

See BASAN, " Dictionnaire des Graveurs."

Moyse, the French for MOSES, which see.

Moy'sea, (DAVID,) a Scottish historical writer, born
at Lanark in 1573. He wrote "Memoirs of the Affairs
of Scotland." Died in 1630.

Mozart, mo'zart', [Ger. pron. mSt'saRt,] (JoHANN
CHRYSOSTOM WOLFGANG AMADEUS,) a celebrated Ger-
man composer, born at Saltzburg on the 27th of January,
1756. Both his parents were distinguished for personal
beauty. He began to perform on the harpsichord when
he was about four years old, and manifested an exquisite
musical organization. His first teacher was his father,
who devoted much time to his education. At the age
of six years he composed short pieces of music, and
was regarded as a prodigy of musical genius. He had
a sister four years his senior, who in early childhood
was an excellent musician. In 1762 Leopold Mozart
took Wolfgang and his sister to Munich, where they
performed before the court and excited great admira-
tion. They also visited Vienna, and exhibited their
skill before the emperor and his family, by whom they
were encouraged and caressed. In 1763 young Mozart
excited the astonishment of the Parisians by his per-
formance on the organ and by his talent for improvisa-
tion. He visited with his parents the principal cities of
Germany, and published two of his compositions in 1763.
The Mozart family passed the year 1764 in London,



i. e, I, o, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, J, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fat ; ni?t; not; good; moon:




MOZART.



MOZART



1779



MUDGE



where they gave public concerts. About 1766 they
returned to Saltzburg, where Wolfgang continued his
studies, taking for models the productions of Handel
and Emanuel Bach. He composed in 1768 an opera
' called "La Finta semplice," which was not represented.
Accompanied by his father, he made the tour of Italy in
1769 and 1770, and was received with enthusiasm. He
produced at Milan the opera of "Mitridate," which was
performed with success in 1770. During his visit to
Rome the pope created him a knight (cavaliere) of the
Golden Spur. His next works were two serenatas, called
" Ascanio in Alba," and "The Dream of Scipio," (" II
Sogno di Scipione," 1772.) He composed in 1773 an
opera entitled " Lucio Silla," which was very successful.
He passed several years in travel, and solicited employ-
ment in various foreign countries without success.

In 1779 he obtained the places of organist and chapel-
master to the Archbishop of Saltzburg. At the request
of the Elector of Bavaria, he composed "Idomeneo," an
opera, (1781,) which was superior to his former works
and obtained immense applause. "This work," says
Denne-Baron, "was nothing less than a complete trans-
formation of the art." He quitted the service of the
archbishop, a coarse and sordid person, who required
him to eat with his menial servants, and in 1781 settled
in Vienna. In 1782 he composed a German opera,
" The Abduction from the Seraglio," (" Die Entfuhrung
aus dem Serail,") and married Constance Weber. He
became a friend of Haydn, the great composer.

Mozart composed, with unremitting activity and in
rapid succession, symphonies, sonatas, quartets, motets,
waltzes, etc. About 1785 he produced "Davidde peni-
tente," an oratorio, which abounds in beauties of the
first order. His comic opera " The Marriage of Figaro"
("Le Nozze di Figaro," 1786) was performed with
unbounded applause, and, in the opinion of some critics,
formed an epoch in dramatic music. His master-piece
is the opera "Don Giovanni," or "Don Juan," which
was first performed at Prague in 1787. The King of
Prussia offered him 3000 crowns a year to attract him
to Berlin ; but he declined to quit the service of the em-
peror Joseph, who paid him only 800 florins. He was
often reduced to painful distress for want of money while
he lived in Vienna. Among his later works is "The
Magic Flute," an opera, (1791.) Mozart, as a performer
on the piano, surpassed all the German musicians of his
time. His constitution was naturally delicate, and his
health rapidly declined in 1791, during which he was
employed to compose a requiem by a mysterious stranger,
or a person who wished his name to be a secret. This
person was an agent of Count Walsegg. To his morbid
and depressed imagination this seemed as a warning of
his own impending death. With this presentiment, he
composed his " Requiem," which is considered his most
sublime work. He died in Vienna, December 5, 1791,
leaving several children.

"Mozart occupies," says Denne-Baron, "a unique
place in the history of music, by the universality of his
genius. . . . He excelled in all departments, and the
products of his radiant imagination improved the art
in all its parts. ... In dramatic music he was un-
rivalled. His enlightened mind and his exquisite sen-
sibility enabled him to seize with equal tact and sagacity
the nuances and the true conditions of the lyrical drama."
("Nouvelle Biographic Generate.")

See E. HOLMES, " Life of Mozart." 2 vols., 1845 ; NIHHETSCHEK,
'Mozart's Leben," 1798; ROECHLITZ, "Anecdotes of Mozart," (in
German,) 1801 ; ARNOLD, " Mozart's Geist," Erfurt, 1803 ; G. N.
VON NISSEN, "Biographic W. A. Mozarts," 1828; FETIS, " Biogra-
phic Universelle des Musiciens;" H. DORING, "\7. A. Mozart,"
and a French version of the same, Paris, 1860; HEKR OTTO JAHN,
"Mozart's Leben," 1856; DAINES HARRINGTON, " Notice of Mo-
zart," in the "Philosophical Transactions," 1770; "Letters of
Mozart," translated by LADY WALLACE, 2 vols., 1865 ; " Foreign
Quarterly Review" for January, 1846.

Mozart, (LEOPOLD,) a German musician, born at
Augsburg in 1719, was the father of the famous com
poser. He performed on the violin, and became about
1762 vice-chapel-master of the Prince-Archbishop of
Saltzburg. He gave diligent attention to the education
and training of his son. He composed several oratorios,
etc. Died in 1787.

Mozier, mo'zher, (JOSEPH,) an American sculptor,



born at Burlington, Vermont, in 1812. He passed many
years in mercantile business in the city of New York,
and afterwards studied in Italy. Among his works are
11 Esther," " Pocahontas," and " Silence." Died in 1870.

Mosul, (CHARLES Louis,) a French painter, born in
Paris in 1806, studied under Leprince. His works are
chiefly marine views, which have great merit. Among
the best we may name " The Capture of the Isle of
Bommel by the French Army in 1794," and "The Port
of Honfleur." Died November 7, 1862.

Moz'ley (JAMES BOWLING,) D.D., an English divine,
an able writer and thinker, was born in Lincolnshire in
1813. He graduated at Oriel College, Oxford, in 1834,
became a Fellow of Magdalen College, vicar of Shore-
ham in 1856, Bampton lecturer in 1865, canon of Worces-
ter in 1869, regius professor of divinity at Oxford, and
canon of Christ Church in 1871. He wrote several im-
portant theological treatises. Died January 4, 1878.

Mozley, (THOMAS,) a brother of J. B. Mozley, was
born in Lincolnshire in 1806, was educated at the Charter-
house, and at Oriel College, Oxford, graduating in 1828,
was a Fellow of Oriel, 1829-36, in 1836 became rector
of Cholderton, Wilts, and in 1868 rector of Plymtree,
Devon. He was prominently associated with the "Brit-
ish Critic," 1838-42, and afterwards, from 1844 until his
death, with the " London Times." His " Reminiscences
of Oriel College and the Oxford Movement" (2 vols.,
1882) attracted great attention. Died June 17, 1893.

Mrak, nirak, (IGNATIUS,) D.D., aCatholicbishop, born
in Austria in October, 1810, was educated in Carniola,
graduating in 1837, became a Catholic priest, was a mis-
sionary among the American Indians, 1845-66, and in
1869 was consecrated Bishop of Marquette, Michigan.
In 1878 he resigned the see, and in 1881 he was trans-
lated to the titular see of Antinoe.

Muawia or Muawias. See MoAWEEYAH.

Mucianua, mu-she-a'nus, [Fr. MUCIEN, moo'se-aN';
It. MUZIANO, moot-se-a'no,] (LlciNius,) an able Roman
general and orator, whose character was compounded
of good and evil qualities. He was chosen consul in 52
A.D., and at the death of Nero, in 68, commanded four
legions in Syria. To promote the interest of his friend
Vespasian in his contest against Vitellius, he made a
rapid march to Rome in 69 A.D., and acted the part of a
sovereign until the arrival of Vespasian. Mucianus was
consul in 70 and in 75 A.D.

Mucianua, (P. LICINIUS CRASSUS DIVES,) an eminent
Roman jurist and orator, was a son of P. Mucius Scz-
vola. He was adopted by P. Licinius Crassus, suc-
ceeded Scipio Nasica as pontifex maximus, and became
consul in 131 B.C. Having led an army into Asia to
oppose Aristonicus, who attempted to obtain Pcrgamus.
he was defeated and killed, in 130 B.C.

Mucien. See MUCIANUS, (LiciNius.)

Mucius Scaevola. See SO*VOLA.

Miicke or Muecke, muTc'eh, (HEINRICH KARL AN-
TON,) a German historical painter, born at Breslau in
1806, was a pupil of Schadow. Among his master-
pieces may be named "Saint Ambrose and the Emperor
Theodosius," " Ulysses and Leucothea in the Tempest,"
"Death of Cleopatra," and "Saint Catherine borne to
Heaven by Angels." Died in 1891.

Mud'dock, (I. E.,) an English author, born at
Southampton in 1843. He travelled extensively as a
newspaper correspondent, and published numerous
works of fiction, many of them under the pen-name
of Dick Donovan.

Mudee, mu'dj', (GABRIEL van der Muyden vSn
der mi'den,) an eminent Flemish jurist, born near Ant-
werp in 1500. He wrote " De Restitutionibus in Inte-
grum," (1586,) and other works. Died at Louvain in
1560.

See SPINNAEL, "Gabriel Mudee et son cole," 1844.

Mud'ford, (WILLIAM,) an English editor and writer,
born in London in 1782. He published, besides other
works, a "Life of Oliver Goldsmith," (1804,) and a
" Life of Richard Cumberland," (2 vols., 1814.) Died
in 1848.

Mudge, muj, (BENJAMIN FRANKLIN,) an American
geologist, born at Orrington, Maine, August 1 1, 1817. He



as/; cas/; gAard; gas/, G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; thasin//4.



Explanations, p. 23.)



MUDGE



1780



MUHLENBR UCH



graduated at Wesleyan University in 1840, practised law
in Massachusetts, 1844-59, removed to Kansas, was State
geologist, and professor (1865-73) in the State Agricul-
tural College. He wrote many scientific papers. Died
at Manhattan, Kansas, November 21, 1879.

Mudge, miij, (JoHN,) F.R.S., an eminent optician
and surgeon, was a younger son of Zachary, noticed
below. He practised many years at Plymouth, and
wrote medical essays, some of which were inserted in
the " Philosophical Transactions." He was distinguished
as the improver of the reflecting telescope, and as author
of " Directions for Making the Best Composition for the
Mirrors of Reflecting Telecopes, with a Description of
the Process forgiving the Great Speculum the True Para-
bolic Curve." For this he received the Copley medal
from the Royal Society. Died in 1793.

Mudge, (THOMAS,) an excellent English mechanist,
born at Exeter in 1716, was a son of Zachary Mudge,
noticed below. He served an apprenticeship to Graham,
the famous watchmaker, and acquired great eminence
in that art. About 1771 he retired to Plymouth, where
he employed several years in perfecting chronometers.
In 1793 he received from Parliament a recompense of
three thousand pounds for his improvements in these
instruments. Died in 1794. His son THOMAS wrote a
" Description of the Time-Keeper invented by Thomas
Mudge," (Senior.)

Mudge, (WILLIAM,) F.R.S., a scientific English gen-
eral, born at Plymouth in 1762, was a son of Dr. John
Mudge, noticed above. He served in the royal artil-
lery, and obtained the rank of lieutenant. About 1798
he was appointed superintendent of fhe grand trigono-
metrical survey of England and Wales, after he had
been employed for several years as assistant in that work.
During the progress of the survey he was raised to
the rank of major-general. The results of his survey
were published in the " Philosophical Transactions,"
and procured him much distinction. In the latter part
of his life he was lieutenant-governor of the Royal
Military Academy at Woolwich. Died in 1821.

Mudge, (ZACHARIAH ATWF.LL,) an American author,
Dorn at Orrington, Maine, July 2, 1813, an elder brother
of B. F. Mudge. He studied at Wesleyan University,
and entered the Methodist ministry in 1840. He pub-
lished a large number of religious books, tales for the
young, etc. Died at Newton Upper Falls, June 15, 1888.

Mudge, (ZACHARY,) an eminent clergyman of the
Anglican Church, was the father of John and Thomas
Mudge, above noticed, and an intimate friend of Dr.
Johnson. He became master of a free school at Bide-
ford about 1716, and rector of a church in Plymouth in
1736. He was also prebendary of Exeter. His ser-
mons, of which a volume was published in 1727, were
highly esteemed. Died in 1769.

Mu'die, (ROBERT,) a Scottish naturalist and popular
littfrateur, born in Forfarshire in 1777, became a resi-
dent of London. He published " Conversations in Moral
Philosophy," "The Feathered Tribes of the British
Islands," "Popular Mathematics," "The British Natu-
ralist," " The Elements : The Heavens, the Earth, the
Air, and the Sea," and numerous other works. Died
in 1842.

Mudo, El, SI moo'Do, (JUAN FERNANDEZ XIMENES
de Navarete dl na-va-ra'ti,) a celebrated Spanish
painter, born at Logrofio in 1526, received the surname
of EL MUDO ("the Mute") because he was deaf and
dumb. He was patronized by Philip II., and painted for
the Escurial a "Nativity," a " Holy Family," and other
wrrks of great merit. He has been called "the Spanish
Titian." Died about 1579.

Muecke. See MUCKE.

Mueffling. See MUFFLING.

Muegge. See MUGGE.

Muehlenbruch. See MUHLENBRUCH.

Muelenaere, de, deh mu'el-na'reh, ? (FELIX AMAND,)
COMTE, a Belgian statesman, born in 1793. He was
appointed in 1830 Governor of West Flanders, and
minister of foreign affairs in 1834. Died in 1862.

Mueller. See MULLER.

Muellner. See MULLNER.

Muench. See MUNCH,



Muench-Bellinghausen. See MUNCH-BEU.INO-

HAUSEN.

Muenchausen. See MUNCHAUSEN.

Muennich. See MUNNICH.

Muenster. See MUNSTER.

Muenster-Ladenburg. See MUNSTER-LEDENBURG.

Muenter. See MiJNTER.

Muenzer. See MUNZER.

Muffling or Mueffling, rnSffling, (FRIEDRICH FER-
DINAND KARL,) BARON, a Prussian field-marshal, born
at Halle in 1775. He was appointed in 1815 governor
of Paris. In 1829 he negotiated a treaty of peace be-
tween Russia and Turkey. He became governor of
Berlin in 1837, and president of the state council in 1841.
He died in 1851.

See " Passages from my Life," etc, by BARON MUFFLINU.

Miigge or Muegge, mEg'geh, almost mflk'keh,
(THEODOR,) a German litterateur, born at Berlin in 1806,
wrote several romances, also political works entitled
" France and the Last of the Bourbons" and " Eng-
land and Reform." He became in 1850 one of the
founders of the Berlin "National Zeitung," of which he
was afterwards editor. Died in 1861.

Muggleton, mug'g'1-ton, (LuoowiCK,) an English
fanatic, born in London in 1609, was the principal
founder of the sect called by his name. Muggleton and
his coadjutor, John Reeve, professed to be the last and
greatest prophets of Jesus Christ, Died in 1697.

Mugnoz. See MuSoz.

Mugnet de Nanthou, mu'gj' deh noN'too', (FRAN-
COIS FELIX HYACINTHE,) a French lawyer and repub-
lican, born at Besan9on in 1760. He was an active and
influential member of the National Assembly in 1790-91.
He was one of the commissaries appointed to maintain
order in Paris on the flight of Louis XVI. to Varennea
in 1791. He died in 1808, leaving the reputation of a
worthy and honourable man.

Mohammed or Muhammad. See MOHAMMED.

Mubaut, rnu'6', (ETIENNE,) a French naturalist,
born at Thizy (Rhone) in 1797. He published a "Natu-
ral History of the Coleoptera of France," (1839 et sef.}

Muhlbach, Miss. See MUNDT.

Mublenberg, mu'len-berg, (GOTTHILF HENRY
ERNST,) D.D., an American divine and botanist, son
of the following, was born in Montgomery county,
Pennsylvania, in 1753. He published, among other
works, a "Catalogue of the Plants of North America."
Died in 1815.

Mublenberg, (HENRY MELCHIOR,) D.D., born in
Hanover, Germany, in 1711, emigrated to America,
where he founded the German Lutheran Church, and
settled as pastor at Philadelphia. Died in 1787.

See the " Life and Times of Henry M. Muhlenberg," by M. L.
STOEVER, 1856.

Muhlenberg, (PETER,) a general, son of the pre-
ceding, was born in Montgomery country, Pennsylvania,
in 1746. He served with distinction in the Revolutionary
war, and was elected to the Senate of the United States
in 1801. Died in 1807.

See the "Life of General Peter Muhlenberg." by HENRY A
MUHLENBERG, 1849.

Muhlenberg, (WILLIAM AUGUSTUS,) D.D., an Amer-
ican clergyman and poet, a great-grandson of H. M.
Muhlenberg, before noticed, was born in Philadelphia,
September 16, 1796. He graduated at the University
of Pennsylvania in 1814, and was ordained to the Epis-
copalian ministry in 1817. After service in Philadelphia
and in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, he founded at Flushing,
New York, (in 1828,) the school known afterwards as
Saint Paul's College, which he managed twenty years
with great success. He also founded the Church of the
Holy Communion, New York, Saint Luke's Hospital,
New York, and the colony of Saint Johnland, on Long
Island. He was an earnest advocate of " Evangelical
Catholic union." Of his literary productions, his hymn
"I would not live alway" is the best-known. Died in
New York, April 8, 1877. (See his "Life," by Anne
Ayres, 1880.)

Muhlenbruch or Muehlenbruch, mii'len-bRooK',
(CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) an eminent German jurist,
born at Rostock in 1785. He filled the chair of law



, e, 1,6, u,J,long-;k., 4,6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1,6. fi.y, short; a, e, i. q,ohsairt; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon;



.



MUIR



1781



MULLER



successively at Kbnigsberg and Halle, and in 1833 be-
came professor at Gbttingen. Among his most important
works are a "Compendium of the Institutes of Roman
Law," and "Doctrine of the Pandects, for the Use of
Schools." Died in 1843.

Muir, rnur, (JOHN,) a Scottish author, born at Glas-
gow, February 5, 1810, a brother of Sir William Muir.
He was educated at Glasgow and Haileybury, and was
in the Bengal wil service from 1828 to 1853. His prin-
cipal original work is " Origin and History of the People
of India," (5 vols., 1858-70.) He also published five
volumes of " Original Sanscrit Texts," (1860-70.) Died
at Edinburgh, March 7, 1882.

Muir, (JOHN,) a Scotch explorer, born at Dundee
in 1838. He emigrated to the United States, dis-
covered the glacier in Alaska which now bears his
name, and wrote numerous papers on the natural
history of the Pacific coast, also " The Mountains of
California."

Muir, (Sir WILLIAM,) an Oriental scholar, born at
Glasgow in 1819. He was educated in the Universities
of Edinburgh and Glasgow, and went to India in 1837,
where he held high positions under the government.
He published a " Life of Mahomet and History of Is-
lam," (4 vols., 1858-61 ; abridged, 1871,) a treatise on
"The Goran," (1878,) "The Early Caliphate," (1881,)
" Mahomet and Islam," (1884,) and "The Mohnmme-
dan Controversy," (1897.) He became principal of
the University of Edinburgh in 1885.

Muis, de, deh mii-e', (SIMEON Marotte mfrot',)
a French ecclesiastic and Orientalist, born at Orleans in
1587, became professor of Hebrew in the Royal College.
He published a number of valuable works, including a
" Commentary on the Psalms," (1630,) which is esteemed
one of the best that has appeared. Muis enjoyed the
reputation of one of the most learned Hebraists and
Biblical critics ol his time. Died in 1644.

See DUPIN, *' Bibliutheque des Auteurs ecclesiastiques."

Mukhtar Pasha, muK'tlR' pj'sha, (GHAZEE AH-
MED,) a Turkish general, born at Broosa in 1837. His
name was originally KATYRDSHY OGHLOO. In 1849 he
went to the military school of Broosa, and thence was
sent (1854) to the military college at Constantinople.
He distinguished himself greatly in 1860 in Montenegro,
and was rapidly promoted, becoming a full general in
1870, and minister of public works in 1873. ^ n tne suc '
sessive wars of Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Montenegro
he had chief command, gaining twenty victories and
losing one battle. In the Kars-Erzeroom campaign of
1877 against the Russians he was overcome by Melikoff,
but only after deeds of the greatest gallantry, for which
he received the title of Ghazee, the highest of Turkish
military honours. In 1878 he was made grand master
of the Turkish artillery.

Mul'cas-ter, (RICHARD,) an English scholar, born at
Carlisle about 1535, became in 1561 master of Merchant
Taylors' School, then recently founded in London. He
wrote Latin verses, some of which were spoken before
Queen Elizabeth at Kenilworth, also several educational
works. Died in 1611.

Mulder, mul'der, (GERARD JAN,) a Dutch physician,
born at Utrecht in 1802, became professor of chemistry
in his native city. He published, among other works,
an "Essay on General Physiological Chemistry," (1844,)
"Chemical Researches," (1847,) "Essays on the Chem-
istry of Wine and Beer," (1856,) and " The Chemistry of
Vegetable-Producing Land," (1861-64.) Died in 1880.

Muley (or Mouley) Hassan, mulee has'san or
moo'la' his'san, King of Tunis, began to reign in 1533.
He was driven from the throne by Barbarossa, but was
restored by the emperor Charles V. in 1535. Died in
'545-

Muley Ismail, moo'la' is-mi'eel', Emperor of Mo-
rocco, born in 1646, began to reign in 1672. He took
Tangier from the English about 1680. In 1697 ne
attacked the Algerines, by whom he was defeated. He
was extremely cruel. Died in 1727.

Muley Soliman, moo'la' so-li-m5n', Emperor of
Morocco, began to reign in 1792. He abolished slavery,



ind is said to have been a prudent and able ruler.
Under his reign Morocco enjoyed unusual tranquillity.
Died in 1822.

Mul'fprd,(ELisHA,) LL.D., an American author, born
at Montrose, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1833. He
graduated at Yale College in 1855, studied in Berlin,
Germany, and became a presbyter in the Episcopal
Church. His principal works are "The Nation, the
Foundation of Political Life and Civil Order," (1870,)
and "The Republic of God," (1880.) Died in 1885.

Mulgrave, EARL OP. See SHEFFIELD.

Mul'grave, (CONSTANTINE JOHN PHIPPS,) LORD, i
distinguished navigator, born about 1740, was the
son of an Irish peer. In 1773 ne made a voyage to
the Arctic regions in order to discover the Northwest
Passage, in which he was not successful. After his
return he was made a privy councillor, and raised to
the peerage in 1784. He published, in 1774, "Jour-
nal of a Voyage towards the North Pole." Died in

I7Q2.

Mulgrave, (HENRY PHILIP PHIPPS,) LORD, a brother
of the preceding, was born in 1755. He filled several
important offices, and became in 1806 first lord of the
admiralty. He exchanged this place in 1812 for that of
grand master of artillery, and received the title of Earl
of Normanby and Viscount Mulgrave. He died in 1831,
and left a son, who became Marquis of NORMANBY,
(which see.)

Mul'hall, (MICHAEL G.,) a British statistician,
born in 1836. He founded the Buenos Ayres " Stand-
ard" in 1861, the first English daily newspaper in
South America. He is widely known for his valuable
"Progress of the World," (1880,) "Dictionary of
Statistics," (1886,) and "Industries and Wealth of
Nations," (1896.) Died December 13, 1900.

Mulinari, moo-le-ni'ree, or Molinari, mo-le-nS'ree,
(STEFANO,) a Florentine engraver, executed a great
number of prints after Michael Angelo, Raphael, and
other eminent Italian masters. He published in 1780
a work entitled "Essay on the Five Italian Schools of
Painting."

Mul-ia'ney, (PATRICK FRANCIS,) known as BROTHER
AZARIAS, an educator, born in the county of Tipperary,
Ireland, June 29, 1847. I n boyhood he came to the
United States. When fifteen years old, he joined the
"Brothers of the Christian Schools," and in 1879 was


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 169 of 425)