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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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stories of adventure, a collection of which appeared
in England under the title of " Baron Munchausen's
Narrative of his Marvellous Travels and Campaigns in
Russia." It obtained great popularity, and was trans-
lated into German by Burger. Died in 1797.

See ELLISEN, " Nachriclu iiber den Freiherm von Miinchausen,"
prefixed lo his "Adventures," Berlin, 1849; ALLIBONE, "Diction-
ary of Authors," article "Raspe."

Munck. See MUNK.

Mundanella, moon-da-nel'lS, (Luici,) an Italian phy-
sician, born at Brescia, published "Theatrum Galeni,"
(1551.) Died about 1570.

Mun'day, (ANTHONY,) an English dramatist, bom
in 1554, wrote "The Downfall of Robert, Earl of Hun-
tingdon," and "The Widow's Charm," and published
an enlarged edition of Stowe's " Survey of London."
Died in 1633.

See COLLIER, " History of English Dramatic Poetry."

Mun'df n, (JOSEPH S.,) an English comedian, born in
London in 1758; died in 1832.

Mun-di'nus or Mondino da Luzzi, mon-dee'no
di loot'see, an Italian physician and anatomist, born in
the latter part of the thirteenth century, became pro-
fessor of medicine at Bologna. He is said to have
been the first among the moderns who dissected human
bodies. Died in 1326.

See PORTAL, " Histoire de 1'Anatomie."

Mundt, mdont, (THEODOR,) a German !ittfrateur l
born at Potsdam in 1808. He was appointed professor
of general literature and history at Breslau in 1848, and
in 1850 librarian of the University of Berlin. He pub-
lished numerous tales, romances, political essays, and
sketches of travel. Died May 30, 1861. His wife origi-
nally LUISE MUHLBACH, (muTbaK) also wrote a num-
ber of historical romances of a somewhat extravagant
character. Several of them have been translated into
English and have enjoyed great popularity. She died at
Berlin, September 26, 1873.

Mun'djf, (GEORGE RODNEY,) an English naval officer.



, e, I, o, u, y, long; 4, e, o, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, p. obscure; fir, fall, fat; ni8t; not; good; mocn.



MUNDY



1785



MUNZER



a grandson of Admiral Rodney, was born in 1805. He
served as captain against the pirates of Borneo in 1846,
nd published a " Narrative of Events in Borneo," (2
rols., 1848.) Died December 23, 1884.

Mun'djf, (JOHNSON MARCHANT,) an American
sculptor, born at New Brunswick, New Jersey, in
1832. He early developed a talent for sculpture, but
his sight gradually failed until he became almost
totally blind. Yet in this condition he modelled a
figure for a soldier monument in Sleepy Hollow, and
an heroic statue of Washington Irving, the crowning
work of his life. He died in 1897.

Mungo, SAINT. See KENTIGERN.

Munk or Munck, rnoonk, (HAN or JOHANN,) a
Danish navigator, born about 1589. He was sent about
1620 to search for a Northwest Passage. Died in 1628.

Munk, moonk, (SALOMON,) a German Orientalist,
born at Glogau in 1802. He studied in Paris under Sil-
vestre de Sacy, and was appointed in 1840 one of the
keepers of the Oriental manuscripts in the Imperial
Library. He was elected a member of the Academy
of Inscriptions in 1860. Among his works is a " Geo-
graphical, Historical, and Archaeological Description
of Palestine," (in French, 1845.) Died at Paris in 1867 |

Munkaczy, moon-kat'se, (MiHALY,) a Hungarian
painter, born at Munkacz in 1846. His relatives perished
in the Russian invasion of 1849, and he was apprenticed
to a carpenter. Later he studied painting, and gained
fame by his striking " Last Day of a Condemned
Man," exhibited in Paris in 1870, now in Philadelphia.
Other works were " Christ before Pilate" and ;
"Mozart's Last Moments." He became insane in
1897. Died May I, 1900.

Miinnich or Muennich, mBn'niK, (BURKHARD
CHRISTOPH,) COUNT, a Russian general and statesman,
of German extraction, born in 1683. Having served
against the French in 1712, he was afterwards patron-
ized by Peter the Great, and rose to be field-marshal
under the empress Anna. He subsequently gained a
series of victories over the Turks. He caused himself
to be made prime minister during the minority of Prince
Ivan ; but on the accession of Elizabeth he was exiled
to Siberia, in 1741. He was recalled by Peter III. in
1762. Died in 1767.

Munoz, moon-yoth', (EVARISTA,) a Spanish painter,
of high reputation, born at Valencia in 1671, was noted
for his gallantry and adventures. Died in 1737.
See QUILLIET, " Dictionnaire des Peintres Espagnols."

Munoz, (FERNANDO,) Duke of Rianzares, a Spanish
officer, born at Tarancon about 1810. He was secretly
married to the queen-regent Maria Christina in 1833.
They were married publicly in 1844. Died in 1873.

Munoz, (JuAN BAUTISTA,) a Spanish historian, born
near Valencia in 1745, was appointed cosmographer
to the Indies. He published a " History of the New
World," (1793,) which is highly eulogized hv Humboldt
Died in 1799.

Munoz, sometimes improperly written Mugnoz, (SE-
BASTIAN,) a Spanish artist, born at Naval Carnero in
1654, was one of the best Spanish fresco-painters of his
time. He was a pupil of Coello, and was appointed
painter to the king, Charles II., in 1688. Died in 1690.

See QUILLIET, " Dictionnaire des Peintres Espagnols," etc.

Munoz, (ToMAS,) a Spanish naval officer and en-
gineer, born about 1745. He defended the foundations
of Cadiz against the encroachments of the sea. Died
in 1823.

Mun-ro'. (HUGH ANDREW JOHNSTONE,) an eminent
British scholar, born at Elgin, Scotland, October 14, 1819.
He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and
was professor of Latin in Cambridge University, 1869-72.
His edition of Horace, and especially his editions of
Lucretius, (1860, 1864, 1866, and 1870, the latter with
notes and a translation,) are of very high value, as also
his "Elucidations of Catullus," (1878.) Died in
1885.

Munro, (NEIL,) a Scotch author, born at Inverary
in 1864. His works include "The Lost Pibroch,"



"Celtic Tales," (1896,) "John Splendid," (1898,)
" The Paymaster's Boy," (1899,) etc.

Munro, (ROBERT,) a Scotch archaeologist, born in
Ross-shire in 1835. He published " Lake Dwellings
of Scotland," (1882,) " Lake Dwellings of Europe,"
(1890,) " Prehistoric Problems," (1897,) etc.

Mun-ro', (Sir THOMAS,) an able English general and
governor, born at Glasgow in 1760 or 1761. He went
to India about 1780, and entered the army of the East
India Company. Having served with distinction in
several campaigns, he was also employed in important
civil offices. In 1819 he was appointed Governor of
Madras, and raised to the rank of major-general. He
died in India in 1826 or 1827.

Munroe, (KlRK,) an American author, born in
Wisconsin in 1856. He edited " Harper's Round
Table," (1879-82.) Founded League of American
Wheelmen in 1880. His books, which are numerous,
are all tales of adventure for boys.

Mun'sell, (JoEL,) an American printer and jour-
nalist, born at Northfield, Massachusetts, in 1808,
published the " Every-Day Book of History and
Chronology," " Annals of Albany," and other works.
Died January 15, 1880.

Mun'son, (JAMES EUGENE,) a phonographer, was
born at Paris, New York, in 1835, and for over thirty
years was court stenographer in New York city. He
invented a typesetting machine and devised a system
of shorthand, publishing "The Complete Phonog-
rapher," etc.

Munster, von, fon moon'ster, (ERNST FRIEDRICH
HERBERT,) COUNT, a Hanoverian politician, born in
1766. He was a member of the Congress of Vienna
in 1814. Died in 1839.

Mun'ster, (GEORGE FITZCLARENCE,) EARI. OF, an
English general, born in 1794, was a natural son of King
William IV. He served with distinction in the Penin-
sular war, and afterwards in India. He wrote a "Journal
of Travels in India," (1819.) Died in 1842.

Munster or Muenster, mttn'ster, (SEBASTIAN,) a
German theologian and Orientalist, born at Ingelsheim
in 1489, became professor of Hebrew and Biblical litera-
ture at Heidelberg. He published a Latin translation
of the Hebrew Bible, (with notes,) and a " Universal Cos-
mography." " Munster," says De Thou, " was so learned
in theology and geography that he was styled the Esdras
and Strabo of Germany." Died in 1552.

Muntaner En Ramon, moon-ta-naiR' Sn ra-mon',
a Spanish chronicler, born in Catalonia in 1265. His
principal work is a "History of the Achievements of
the Princes of Aragon, from James the Conqueror to
Alfonso IV." The writer narrates, in a pleasing, un-
affected style, events of which he was a witness, and his
chronicle is esteemed one of the best of the middle ages.
Died in 1336.

Munter or Muenter, mun'ter, (BALTHASAR,) a Ger-
man pulpit orator and writer of sacred poetry, born at
Lubeck in 1735. His "Collections of Spiritual Congs"
are greatly esteemed by his countrymen. In 1772 he
attended the unfortunate Count Struensee a short time
before his execution, and afterwards wrote an account
of his conversion. This work became widely celebrated,
and was translated into the principal European lan-
guages. Died in 1793.

Munter, (FRI^DRICH,) son of the precedpig, born in
1761, became successively professor of theology at Co-
penhagen (1790) and Bishop of Seeland, (1808.) He
also attained great distinction as an antiquary and
Oriental scholar. Among his most important works is
a treatise "On the Symbols and Art-Representations
of the Early Christians." Died in 1830. FREDERIKA
SOPHIA CHRISTIANA BRUN, sister of the preceding,
was likewise celebrated as an author.

Miinzer, Muenzer, or Muncer, mSnt'ser, (THOMAS,)
\ German fanatic, who held principles similar to the
Anabaptists. Having collected forty thousand followers,
they committed many outrages ; but they were at length
defeated by the Landgrave of Hesse and his allies, and
Miinzer was executed, (1526.)



as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as./; G, H, K,gitttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as s; th as in this. ( 2^=See Explanations, p. 23. )



MUNZINGER



1786



MURCHISON



Munzinger, moont'sing-er, (WERNER,) a Swiss ex-
plorer, born at Olten, April 4, 1832. He was a mer-
chant, and afterwards British consul, and then French
consul, at Massowah, in Egyptian Abyssinia. After an
adventurous life in various parts of the northeast of
Africa, he was killed in a battle with the Gallas, Novem-
ber 14, 1875. He left several books of travel, a Tigie
vocabulary, etc.

Mora, da, da moo'ri, (FRANCESCO,) sometimes called
FRANCESCHETTO, (fran-chJs-keYto,) an Italian painter,
born at Naples. He painted several works in the palace
of the King of Sardinia. Died about 1745.

Murad. See MOORAD.

Murad, (Sultans of Turkey.) See AMURATH.

Murad Bey. See MOORAD BEY.

Muraire, mii'rjR', (HONORS,) COUNT, a French judge
and politician, born at Draguignan in 1750. He was
elected to the Council of Elders in 1795, was banished
in 1797, and was appointed first president of the court
of cassation in Paris in 1804. Died in 1837.

Muralt, de, deh moo'rllt, (BEAT Louis,) a Swiss
Htth-attur, born at Berne. He wrote a " History of Fred-
erick the Great of Prussia," and various other works.
Died in 1760.

Muralt, de, (JEAN,) a Swiss physician and naturalist,
born at Zurich in 1645. He became professor of physics
and mathematics at Zurich in 1645, and published several
scientific works. Died in 1733.

Murant, mii-rant', ? (EMMANUEL,) a Dutch landscape-
painter, born at Amsterdam in 1622. His works are
finely finished. Died at Leeuwarden in 1700.

Murat, mu'rt', (JEAN,) a French painter, born at
Felletin in 1807. He gained the grand prize in 1837
for a picture of " Noah Offering Sacrifice." Died at Pans,
September 25, 1863.

Murat, [sometimes Anglicized in pronunciation as
mu-rat',] (JOACHIM,) a celebrated marshal of the French
empire, and King of Naples, was born near Cahors, in
the south of France, in 1771. His father was an inn-
keeper. Soon after the Revolution began, young Murat
entered the guard of Louis XVI., from which he passed
into a regiment of chasseurs. As he was a warm parti-
san of the popular cause, he was rapidly promoted, and
in the campaign of 1796 was a favourite aide-de-camp
of Bonaparte, whose fortunes he thenceforth followed
and shared. Having signalized his impetuous bravery
in the campaigns of Italy and Egypt, he was made a
general of division in 1799. Soon after Bonaparte ob-
tained the chief power, he gave to Murat his sister
Caroline in marriage. Murat commanded the cavalry at
Marengo in 1800, and was appointed governor of Paris
in 1804, with the rank of general-in-chief. He received
a marshal's baton in 1804, and in 1806 was created Grand
Duke of Berg and Cleves. At Austerlitz, Jena, and
Eylau he directed the cavalry with brilliant effect He
was pronounced by Napoleon "the best cavalry officer
in Europe," and was admired for his handsome figure,
gorgeous costume, and chivalrous demeanour.

Murat commanded the arrny which invaded Spain in
1808, and in the same year was placed on the throne
of Naples, where he was received with general joy, and
reigned liberally and peacefully until 1812. He shared
the reverses of the Russian campaign, (1812,) and in
1813 again fought for Napoleon, whose cause he deserted
after the battle of Leipsic. He made a treaty with the
court of Vienna in January, 1814, and engaged to sup-
port the allies with his army ; but he failed to aid them
efficiently, and was accused of duplicity. As the Con-
gress of Vienna appeared indisposed to recognize his
claim, he secretly renewed his relations with the exiled
emperor, whose cause he openly espoused in March,
1815. Calling the Italians to rise for liberty, he com-
menced hostilities against the Austrians in Northern
Italy, but was repulsed and finally defeated at Macerata
in May, and then fled to France. In October, 1815, he
landed with about thirty men in his former kingdom, and
made a desperate attempt to recover it, but was soon
captured and shot As a ruler, he appears to have been
mild and humane, but he was deficient in political ability
as well as moral courage. His wife survived him many
years, and took the title of Countess of Lipano. (See



BONAPARTE, CAROLINE.) Murat left two sons, Napoleon
Achille and Lucien Charles Joseph.

See F. MACIRONE, "Interesting Facts relating to the Fall, etc.
ofj. Murat;" A. DH BEAUCHAMP, "Catastrophe de Murat ;" LRON
GALLOIS, " Histoire de Joachim Mtrat," 1828; A. SERIBYS, "Vie
Dublique et privee de Joachim Murat." 1816; A. BRUGGEMANS,
"Leven en Lotgevallen van Joachim Murat," 1816; C. MIRAMONT,
'Vie de J. Murat, Roi de Naples," 1836; THIBRS, " History of tha
French Revolution ;" " Blackwood's Magazine" for August, 1826.

Murat, (NAPOLEON ACHILLE,) a son of the preceding,
was born in Paris in 1801. He emigrated to Florida
about 1822. He wrote a "Moral and Political View of
the United States," (1832,) and several other short
works. Died in Jefferson county, Florida, in 1847.

Murat, (NAPOLEON LUCIEN CHARLES,) PRINCE, a
French senator, born at Milan in 1803, was a son of
Joachim Murat. He married Miss Fraser, an American,
about 1827. After a long exile, he was permitted to enter
France in 1848. He supported the policy of Napoleon
III., who appointed him a senator in 1852. Died 1878.

Muratori, moo-ra-to'ree, (LuDOVico ANTONIO,) an
eminent Italian scholar, historian, and antiquary, born
near M6dena in 1672. He became librarian and ar-
chivist to the Duke of Modena in 1700, and continued in
this office till his death. He published in 1751 his great
work entitled " Writers of Italian History," (" Rerum
Italicorum Scriptores," 27 vols. fol., 1723-38,) which was
followed by his " Italian Antiquities of the Middle Ages,"
(6 vols., 1738,) " New Treasury of Ancient Inscriptions,"
(6 vols., 1739,) and "Annals of Italy," (in Italian, 12 vols.,
1744.) He died in 1750, with the reputation of one of
the most learned men of his time.



Ti



18: "Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

MuravieS. See MOORAVIEF.

Murawiew or Murawjew. See MOORAVIEF.

Murazan, moo-ra-san', (JUAN,) a South America*
patriot, born at San Salvador in 1796, was president
of the republic of Guatemala from 1831 to 1838. Died
in 1852.

Mur'-ehl-spn, (CHARLES,) a British physician, born
in Jamaica in 1830. He graduated at the University
of Edinburgh, and practised medicine with great success
in London. He published a "Treatise on Continued
Fevers," and " Lectures on Diseases of the Liver."
Died April 23, 1879.

Mur'cM-son, (Sir RODERICK IMPEY,) an eminent
British geologist, bom at Taradale, Ross-shire, Scotland,
on the iQth of February, 1792, was a son of Kenneth
Murchison. He was educated at the Military College
of Marlow, entered the army in 1807, and served in seve-
ral battles in the Peninsula. He was also on the staff of
his uncle, Sir Alexander Mackenzie, in Sicily. He mar-
ried a daughter of General Hugonin in 1815, and quitted
the army about 1816. By the advice of Sir Humphry
Davy, he applied himself to the study of natural science,
and attended lectures at the Royal Institution. Abouti825
he produced a " Geological Sketch of the Northwestern
Extremity of Sussex." He became a member of th
Geological Society in 1825, and of the Royal Society in
1826. In company with Sir Charles Lyell, he explored
in 1828 the geology of Auvergne, Provence, and Pied-
mont, on which they wrote jointly three memoirs. In
1830 he began to examine the older sedimentary strata
of England and Wales, to which he gave the name of
Silurian system. He published the results of these
researches in an important work entitled "The Silurian
System." He was the first who discovered the relations
of these palaeozoic strata and classified them according
to the succession of organic remains. In 1845 Mr.
Murchison and M. de Verneuil published " The Geology
of Russia and the Ural Mountains," (2 vols. 410.) The
former received the honour of knighthood in 1846. He
was elected president of the Royal Geographical So-
ciety in 1844 and 1852, and received the Copley medal
in 1849, for the establishment of the Silurian system.
Among his numerous works is " Siluria : the History
of the oldest known Rocks containing Organic Remains,
with a Brief Sketch of the Distribution of Gold over the
Earth," (1854.) He had been chosen president of the
Geological Society several times between 1830 and 1842.



, e, T, o, u, y, long; a, e, o, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; mt: n6t; good; moon.



MURDOCH



1787



MURPHY



In 1855 he was appointed Director-Genetal of the Geo-
logical Survey of the United Kingdom. He was elected
president of the Royal Geographical Society in 1864,
and received the Copley medal in 1866. Died in 1871.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Generale :" "Edinburgh Review" for
July. 1860: "Quarterly Review" for July. 1868; "Eclectic Maga-
zine" for December. 1864, (with a portrait ;) " North British Review"
for August, 1854 ; " Men of the Time" for 1868.

Murdoch, mur'dok, (JAMES EDWARD,) an American
actor and elocutionist, born in Philadelphia, January 25,
1811. His first public performance was in Philadelphia
in 1829. In 1833 he appeared successfully in the charac-
ter of "Romeo," with Miss Fanny Kemble as "Juliet,"
and from that time became a leading actor in tragedy
and comedy. About five years later he retired from the
stage, and opened a school in Boston for mental and
physical training. He afterwards returned to the stage,
and in 1853 he visited California. In 1855 he went to
Europe, and while in London performed at the Hay-
market Theatre with great applause. He returned to the
United States in 1857. Mr. Murdoch's style was strictly
original, his articulation distinct, and his versatility and
range of character remarkable. During the civil war he
devoted his time and attention to the Union cause, giving
readings and recitations in the camps, caring for the sick
and wounded, and rousing the people to the aid of the
suffering. He served for some time on the staff of Gen-
eral Rousseau. After the war he returned to his pro-
fession. Died May 19, 1893.

Mur'doh, or Mur'dock, (WILLIAM,) a Scottish
inventor, born near Auchinleck, August 25, 1754. In
1792 he lighted his own house with coal-gas, in 1784 he
made a small locomotive steam-engine, and the first
oscillating engine was devised by him. Died in 1839.

Mur'dock, (JAMES,) D.D., a learned American Con-
gregational divine, born at Westbrook, Connecticut, in
1776. He graduated at Yale College, and was appointed
professor of ancient languages at the University of Ver-
mont in 1815, and in 1819 of sacred rhetoric and eccle-
siastical history in the theological seminary of Andover.
He translated from the German Mosheim's "Institutes
of Ecclesiastical History," and Munscher's " Elements
of Dogmatic History," (1830,) and published several
original works. Died in 1856.

Mure, miir, (WILLIAM,) a Scottish critic and scholar
of great eminence, born at Caldwell in 1799. He studied
at Edinburgh, and subsequently at Bonn, in Germany,
nd after his return was elected to Parliament for Ren-
frew, in 1846. He published in 1850 his "Critical Ac-
count of the Language and Literature of Ancient Greece,"
(5 vols. 8vo,) which is esteemed a standard work. He
was also the author of a " Calendar of the Zodiac of
Ancient Egypt," (1832,) and "Journal of a Tour in
Greece," (1838.) He was elected in 1855 ' or< ^ rector
of the University of Glasgow. Died in 1860.

Mure, (Sir WILLIAM,) a Scottish poet, born in Ayr-
shire about 1594, was the author of traditional "Ballads
and Songs." Died in 1657.

See CHAMBERS, *' Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen ;"
" Edinburgh Review" for October, 1850.

Mn-re'na, (A. TERENTIUS VARRO,) was consul mfectiu
in 23 B.C., and was put to death in 22 for complicity in
the conspiracy of Fannius Caspio.

Murena, moo-ra'ni, (CARLO,) an Italian architect,
born in 1713, was a pupil of Vanvitelli. He worked in
Rome. Died in 1764.

Murena, (Lucius LICINIUS,) a Roman soldier and
consul, was one of the lieutenants of Sulla, whom he
accompanied in his campaign against Mithridates. After
Sulla made peace with Mithridates, in 84 B.C., Murena
remained in Asia and renewed hostilities. Died about
80 B.C.

Murena, (Lucius I.iciNrus,) a Roman general, who
served under Lucullus in Asia. He was elected praetor
about 65, and consul in 63 B.C. Having been accused
of bribery in the year last named, he was defended by
Cicero and acquitted.

See CICERO, " Oratio pro Murana."

Mures, moo'res, (ALONZO,) a Spanish painter, born
in 1695. He worked at Badajoz, where he died in 1761.

Muret, mu'ri', [Lat. MURE'TUS,] (MARC ANTOINE,)



a French classical scholar, born at Muret, in Limousin,
in 1526. He lectured on philosophy and law at Paris,
which he quitted about 1552. He afterwards lived in
Venice and Rome, and was patronized by Ippolito
d'Este. In 1563 he opened a course of philosophy at
Rome, where he became professor of civil law about
1566. He was styled the "luminary and pillar of the
Roman school" by Pope Gregory XIII. He composed
commentaries on Aristotle, Cicero, Horace, Tacitus, and
other classic authors. Among his various works are
Latin poems and "Varise Lectiones." Died in Rome
in 1585.

Muret, (THEODORE CsAR,) a French litterateur, born
at Rouen in 1808. He wrote a number of dramas and
histories, among which is a " History of the Wars of
the West," (5 vols., 1848.) Died July 23, 1866.

Mur'free, (MAR\'NoAlLLES,)an American novelist,
born at Grantlands, Tennessee, in 1850. Under the
pseudonym of Charles Egbert Craddock she wrote a
series of popular novels, including " In the Tennessee
Mountains," (1884,) "The Prophet of the Great
Smoky Mountains," (1885,) " In the Stranger-
People's Country," (1891,) "The Phantoms of the
Foot-Bridge," (1895,) " The Juggler," (1897,) etc.

Murger, mu'R'zha', (HENRY,) a French litterateur,
born in Paris in 1822, contributed to the " Revue des
Deux Mondes" a number of tales and dramas. His
most popular work is entitled "Scenes in Bohemian
Life." Died in 1861.

See G. PLANCHB, in the " Revue des Deux Mondes," 1853.

Muriel, moo-re-?!', (ANDRES,) a Spanish litterateur,
born in Old Castile in 1776, settled in Paris about 1812.
He wrote on Spanish history, and translated into French
Coxe's "Memoirs of the Kings of Spain of the House
of Bourbon," (Paris, 6 vols., 1827.)

Murillo, mu-ril'lo, [Sp. pron. moo-rel'yo,] (BAR-
TOLOM ESTEBAN,) the most celebrated painter of the
Spanish school, was born at Seville in 1618, and was a
pupil of his uncle, Juan del Castillo. About the age of
twenty-four he went to Madrid, where he derived ad-
vantage from the friendly counsels of Velasquez and
perfected himself in his art. Having returned to Seville
in 1645, ne soon acquired a high reputation in history,


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 171 of 425)