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ments give indication of original power."

See CICERO, "De Oratore;" SELLAR. "Roman Poets of Lh<
Republic," chap. iii. ; KLUSSMANK, "C. Nsevii Poetz Vita,' 1845.



as/; jasj; ghnrJ; gas/; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasi; thasin/>5w.



xplanations, p. 23.)



NAG A



1794



NALIAN



NagS, nl'ga, a Sanscrit word, signifying " snake," and
forming, in the Hindoo mythology, the name of a mon-
ster regarded as a demi-god, having a human face, with
the tail of a serpent and the expanded neck of a cobra
de capello. The race of these beings is said to have
sprung from Kasyapa, in order to people Patala, or the
regions below the earth. (See PATALA.)

Nagarjuna, na-gur-joo'na, or Nagasena, na-ga-si'na,
a Booddhist sage of Southern India, supposed to have
lived about 200 B.C. He founded a new school of
Booddhistic philosophy, from which sprang the Northern
or Thibetan system of Booddhism.

Nagele, na'geh-leh, (FRANZ KARL,) a German medical
writer, born at Dusseldorf in 1778; died in 1851.

Nageli, na'ceh-lee, (JoHANN GEORG,) a Swiss musi-
cian, music-publisher, and litterateur, born in 1768 at
Zurich, where he established his music-business in 1792.
He published poems and vocal compositions, but, except
some favourite church chorals, all that has survived
him is the air known in English as " Life let us cherish."
Died in 1836.

Nagler, na'gler, (KARL FERDINAND FRIEDRICH,) a
Prussian statesman, born at Anspach in 1770. Being
appointed in 1823 postmaster-general, he effected a great
reform in the postal system. He was made minister of
itate in 1836. He made a very valuable collection of
works of art, which, with the exception of the pictures,
was purchased for the Museum at Berlin. Died in 1846.

Nagy Sandor, nody (almost noj) sin'dor, (JOSEPH,)
a Hungarian general, born at Grosswardein in 1804. He
fought for the national cause in 1848, became a general
about April, 1849, and served with distinction in several
battles. Having been taken prisoner at Viligos, he was
executed in October, 1849.

Naharro, na-ar'ro, (BARTOLOMB de Torres da IOR'-
rSs,) a Spanish dramatic poet, born at Torres, flourished
about 1500-20. He wrote comedies, satires, epistles, etc.

Nahl, nil, (JoHANN AUGUST.) a German sculptor,
born in Berlin in 1710. He adorned the public buildings
jf that city with his works. Died in 1781.

Nahl, (JOHANN AUGUST,) a German painter, born
near Berne in 1752, was a son of the preceding. He
worked at Rome and Cassel. He painted subjects of
Greek mythology, and landscapes. Died in 1825.

Nahl, (JOHANN SAMUEL,) a German sculptor, born
at Anspach in 1664. He settled at Berlin, where he was
appointed court sculptor, and rector of the Academy of
Fine Arts. Died in 1728.

Nahl, (SAMUEL,) a sculptor, brother of Johann August,
(1752-1825,) was born at Berne in 1748 ; died in 1813.

Na'hum, [ Heb. Dinj,] one of the twelve minor
prophets of the Hebrews, flourished under the reign of
Hezekiah, about 720 B.C. He is supposed to have been
born at Elkosh, in Galilee, from which he was surnamed
THE ELKOSHITE. He foretells the destruction of the
Assyrian empire and the city of Nineveh in the most
glowing and forcible language, and in sublimity is equal
if not superior to any other of the minor prophets.

Nahuya, nl'hois, (HUBERT GERARD,) BARON, a
Dutch writer and military officer, born at Amsterdam
in 1782. He rendered important services in Java,
where he passed many years, and wrote, besides other
works, " Considerations on Dutch India," (1847.) Died
in 1858.

Naiades. See NAIADS.

Naiads, na'yads, [Gr. tiataief or Nijfckr ; Lat. N.U'A-
DES,] in classic mythology, were fresh-water Nymphs, or
inferior female divinities, supposed to preside over rivers,
lakes, brooks, and fountains, and to be daughters of
Jupiter. They were represented as young and beautiful
virgins leaning upon an urn from which flows a stream
of water.

Naigeon, nl'zhoN', (JACQUES ANDRE,) a mediocre
French litttratfur, born in Paris in 1738. He was a
friend of Diderot, whose skeptical opinions he shared,
and was one of the r^dacteurs of the " Encyclopedic."
He edited the works of Diderot and of other French
authors. DiediniSio.

Naigeon, JEAN,) a French painter, born at Beaune
in 1757, was a pupil of David. Died in Paris in 1832.

Naigeon, (JEAN GUILLAUME ELZIDOR,) a French



painter, born in Paris in 1797, was a son of the pre-
ceding. He became conservator of the Musee Egyptian
in 1861. Died December 31, 1867.

Naillac, de, deh ni'yfk', (PHILIBERT,) a French
chevalier, born about 1340, became grand master of the
order of Saint John of Jerusalem in 1396. He fought
against Bayazeed (Bajazet) at the siege of Nicopolis,
(1396,) and took a prominent part in the Council of
Pisa. Died in 1421.

Naima, ni'mi, a Turkish historian, flourished about
1700. He wrote an "Ottoman History from 1591 to
1659," which was published in 2 vols., (1734.)

Nain, Le. See TILLEMONT.

Nairne, nirn, (Lady CAROLINA,) a Scottish poetess,
was born at Cask, Perthshire, July 16, 1766, and was famed
for her beauty. In 1806 she married her cousin, William
Murray, fifth Lord Nairne, who came to his title in 1824.
She died at Gask, October 26, 1845. Among her works
are the songs "The Land o' the Leal," (1798,) "Caller
Herrin'," and " The Laird o' Cockpen." Her complete
poems are in vol. i. of Rogers's " Scottish Minstrelsy."

Naironi, m-ro'nee, (ANTONIUS FAUSTUS,) a learned
Maronite, born near Mount Libanus in 1631, was pro-
fessor of the Chaldee and Syriac languages in the
College della Sapienza at Rome. Died in 1711.

See DUPIN, " Auteurs ecclesiastiques," etc.

Naiven, nl'ven, (M.,) a Dutch painter, born in
1570 ; died in 1651.

Nak'amura, (.MASANAO,) an eminent Japanese
scholar, born in 1830. He won fame as a student of
the Chinese language, travelled in Europe and studied
Dutch and English, and opened a school in Japan, to
which his lectures on politics and civilization drew
throngs of old and young alike. Subsequently he was
made principal of the Normal School for Women, then
professor of Chinese in the University of Tokio. He
was made a member of the Senate in 1886 and a life
member of the House of Peers in 1890. He was the
highest authority in Japan on Chinese language and
literature and on the history and theology of Buddhism.
Died in 1891.

Nake or Naeke, na'keh, (AUGUST FRIEDRICH,) a
German philologist, born at Frauenstein in 1788. He
produced "Opuscula Philologica," (2 vols., 1842-44.)
Died in 1838.

Nakhimof, na'Ke-mof, written also Nakhimow and
Nakhimov, (AKIM NIKOLAEVITCH,) a Russian poet,
born at Kharkof in 1782. His principal works are
satires in verse, fables, and a witty piece in prose entitled
" The Speaking Monkeys," on the subject of Napoleon's
attempted conquest of Russia. He died in 1814, at thr
early age of thirty-one.

Nakoola or Nakoula, na-koo'la, (Mooal'lem,) sur-
named EL TURK, an Arabian historian, born in Syria in
1763 ; died in 1828.

Nakwaaka, nak-vas'ki, (ANNE,) a Polish novelist,
born in 1779, was the wife of senator Nakwaska. Died
at Warsaw in 1851.

Naldi, nil'dee, [Lat NAL'DIUS,] (MATTEO,) a learned
Italian medical writer and linguist, born at Sienna. He
became chief physician to Pope Alexander VII. Died
at Rome in 1682.

Naldi, (NALDO,) an Italian poet, born at Florence
about 1420, was a friend of Politian. He wrote the
"Life of G. Manetti," and several admired poems.
Died about 1470.

Naldi, (SEBASTIANO,) an Italian singer, performed ih
London. Died in Paris in 1819.

Naldini, nal-dee'nee, (BATTISTA,) a skilful Italian
painter, born at Florence in 1537. He painted in oil
and fresco at Rome and Florence. Died after 1590.

Naldini, (PAOLO,) an Italian sculptor, born at Rome,
flourished about 1650. He was admitted into the
Academy of Saint Luke in 1654.

NaldiUB. See NALDI.

Nalian, nl'le-Jn, (JAMES,) an Armenian religious
writer, born at Zimara about 1695. He became Arme-
nian Patriarch of Constantinople in 1741, and acquired
a high reputation by his writings. Died in 1764.



a, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat; met; n6t; good; moon;



NALSON



1795



NAPIER



Nal'son, (JOHN,) an English clergyman, born about
1638. He became rector of Doddington and prebendary
of Ely. His chief work is " An Impartial Collection of
the Affairs of State from 1639 to the Murder of Charles
I.," (1683.) Died in 1686.

Namur, ni'miiR', (JEAN PIE,) a Belgian bibliographer,
born at Luxemburg in 1804; died in 1852.

Naua-Sanib, na'na sa'Hib, a Hindoo chief of mu-
tineers, born in Poonah about 1820. He committed
atrocious cruelties on English women and children at
Cawnpore in 1857, but escaped into Nepaul. His sub-
sequent history is not known.

See MCLEOD INNES, " Rough Narrative of the Siege of Luck-
now." Calcutta, 1857.

Nancel, de, deh nflN'sSl', [Lat. NANCE'LIUS,] (Nico-
LAS,) a French physician and writer, born in 1539. He
wrote, besides other works, a " Life of Peter Ramus,"
(1600.) Died in 1610.

Nancelius. See NANCEL.



Nanniua. See NANNING.

Nannoni, njn-no'nee, (ANGELO,) an eminent Italian
surgeon, born at Florence in 1715. He became pro-
fessor and chief surgeon in the Hospital of Florence.
His success as an operator and as a lecturer attracted
patients and pupils from the most distant parts of
Europe. He wrote ceveral esteemed works, among
which is "Delia Semplicita del Medicare," (1761-67.)
Died in 1 790.

See AGOSTINO NANNONI, " Elogio del Professore A. Nannoni,"
1790.

Nan'sen, (FRIDTIOF,) a distinguished Arctic ex-
plorer, born near Christiania, Norway, in 1861. His
first notable exploit was a daring journey across Green-
land in 1888. It was followed by an attempt to reach
the pole, on the original, plan of letting his ship freeze
into the ice and drift northward with the supposed



mythology,

vShan or vehicle of SIVA, which see.

Nanek, na'nek, or Nanak, sometimes written Na-
nuk, called also Yanaka, (ya'na-ka,) and Nirankar,
the founder of the sect of Sikhs," was bom in Lahore



Arctic current. He started with the Fram, built es-

rvaiiceiaua. oee r*Ai\jK.L- . ., , ... r o n ~ j ,<?,. u A

Nan'dl, [modern Hindoo pron. nun'di,] in the Hindoo penally for this voyage, m 1893 and in 1895 reached
vthology, the name of a white bull, regarded as the the latitude of 86 14', much the highest then attained.
'" - - - - He left the ship and returned with a companion over

the ice to Franz-Josef Land, where he wintered, and

was rescued by Mr. Jackson in the spring of 1896.

He was received in Europe with high honours, and



,

about 1468. He wrote a book called " Adi-Granth," made professor of zoology m the Chnstiama University.

He published "The First Crossing of Greenland,
' Esquimaux Life," and "Farthest North," (1897.)
Nansouty, de, deh noN'soo'te', (firiENNE ANTOINR



and taught a species of monotheism. Died in 1539.

Nangis, de, deh noN'zhe', (GuiLLAUME,) a French
historian and Benedictine monk. He wrote a "Life of



.

Saint Louis," a general chronicle, and a "Chronicle of MARIE Champion shoN'pe-6N',) COUNT, a French

the Kings of France." Died about 1302. general, born at Bordeaux in 1768. He was made a

Nangis, de, (Louis ARMAND de Brichanteau deh general of brigade about 1798, and a general of division

bRe'shoN'to',) MARQUIS, a French general, was born in in 1803. According to Chlteaubriand, he was one of

1682. He served in several campaigns in Flanders, and the best cavalry officers that the war of the Revolution

obtained the rank of marshal of France in 1741. Died produced. The same writer states that he completed

in 1742. the victory at Austerlitz, (1805,) and commenced that of

Nani, na'nee, (GIAMBATTISTA FELICE GASPAKO,) a Wagram, (1809.) He was wounded at Borodino, (1812,)

Venetian historian, born in 1616. He was for twenty- and commanded the cavalry at Leipsic. In 1814 he

five years ambassador at the court of France, where he entered the service of the restored Bourbons. Died in

enjoyed the confidence of Cardinal Mazarin. He was February, 1815.

successively appointed historiographer ana archivist of Nanteuil, (CHARLES FRANCOIS Lebceuf lehTjuf,)

the republic, and procurator of Saint Mark, (1661.) His a French sculptor, born in Paris in 1792. He gained

principal work is a "History of the Venetian Republic the grand prize in 1817. Among his works is "Eurydice

from 1613 to 1671," (2 vols., 1662-79.) D ' ed in 1678. Dying." Died November 2, 1865.

See NICERON, "M^moires." Nanteuil, (ROBERT,) a French artist, born at Rheims

Nani,(ToMMASO,)an Italian jurist, born at Morbegno ' 163. painted excellent portraits in pastel, but was

in 1757- died in 1813 chiefly distinguished as an engraver. Among his mas-

Nanini, na-nee'nee, (GIOVANNI MARIA,) an Italian ter-pieces are the portraits of the secretary of state,

composer, born at Vallerano about 1540, served as a Simon Arnaud de Pomponne, and Van Steenbergen,

chanter in the pontifical chapel in Rome. He composed the Dutch advocate. In the department of portrait-

motets, madrigals, and canzonettas. Died in 1607. : engraving Nanteuil has never been surpassed He was

Nanni, (G.ovANN,.) See ANNIUS OF VITERBO. designer and cabinet engraver to Louis XIV. D.ed

Nanni, nan'nee, (GIOVANNI,) called also GIOVANNI' .

DA UDINE, an Italian painter, born at Udine about 1490. Nantagny or Nantigm, de, deh noN ten ye', (Louis

He was celebrated for the excellence of his stuccos and ^HASOT.) a French writer on genealogy, was born m

grotesque ornaments. Many of his best works are at Burgundy in 1692. He published "Historical Genealo-

Rome and Florence. Died in 1564. , g> es of Km g s - Emperors, and Sovereign Houses, and

Nanni, (PETER.) See NANNING. other works of the kind. Died m 1755.

Nanni, (REMIGIO,) [sometimes called, in French, Naoroji, now'ro-jee, (DADABHAI,) an East In-

REMI DE FLORENCE, ri'me' deh flo'roNss',1 an Italian dian, born at Bombay in 1825. He became distin-

Dominican monk and writer in verse and prose, was guished as a reformer, was prime minister to the

born at Florence about 1521. He edited Villani's "His- Prince of Baroda in 1874, and became a Liberal mem-

torie universal!," and Guicciardini's "Istoria d'ltalia." , ber of the English Parliament in 1892. He wrote

Died in 1581. ! many works on topics relating to India.

Nanni di Baccio Bigio, nan'nee dee bat'cho bee'jo, NapEBEe, na-pee'e, [Gr. Nomueu; Fr. NAPLES, nfpi', ]

a Florentine sculptor and architect, worked at Rome in the classic mythology, were nymphs of foresti, grove*

about 1530-50. He is chiefly remembered for his enmity and g i ens . (See NYMPHS.)

to Michael Angelo. Napeea. See NAP^E^.

Nanni di Banco, nan'nee dee ban'ko, an Italian Naper. See NAPIER, (JOHN.)

sculptor, born at Florence in 1383 ; died after 1421. Na'pl-er, (Sir CHARLES JAMES,) a British general.

Nanaing, nan'ning, or Nanni, nan'nee, | Lat. NAN'- born at Whitehall in 1782, was the son of the Hon.

Nius,] (PETER,) a Dutch philologist and critical writer, George Napier and Lady Sarah Lennox, a daughter of

born at Alkmaar in 1500. He was the author of "Ob- the Duke of Richmond. He was a cousin of Admiral

servations on the Institutes of Civil Law," and a trans- Charles John Napier, and a brother of Sir William,

lation of the Psalms into Latin verse. Died in 1557. the historian. He gained the rank of major in 1806,

Nannini, nan-nee'nee, (AGNOLO or GIOVANNINI,) was wounded in several actions in Spain between 1808

surnamed FIRENZUOLA, an Italian littlrattur, born at and 1812, became lieutenant-colonel in 1811, and was

Florence in 1493, was the author of satirical and bur- employed in ravaging the coasts of the United States

lesque poems, dramas, and a number of novels in the in 1813-14. He acted with credit for several years as
style of Boccaccio's " Decamerone." I Governor of Cephalonia, from which he was recalled in



as/i; jasj; &hard; gas/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; V^trilltd; sasz; th as in Mir.



Explanations, p. 23.)



X A PIER



1796



NAPIER US



1830. Having risen to the rank of major-general, he
was appointed commander of the army in Bengal in
1841. He increased his reputation by the conquest of
Sinde, (1843,) in which he performed several exploits
that were highly extolled. His efforts to reform the
civil administration of Sinde are also commended. He
returned to England in 1847, and was again sent to
India in 1849, to oppose the Sikhs, but on his arrival
found that the war was ended. In 1850 he returned
home. He was the author of "Lights and Shadows
of Military Life," and other works. Died in 1853.

See SIR W. F. P. NAPIER, " Life and Opinions of Sir Charles
J. Napier;" "Black-wood's Magazine" for July and August. 1857.

Na'pl-er, (Sir CHARLES JOHN,) K.C.B., an eminent
British admiral, born in Stirling county, Scotland, in
1786, was the son of the Hon. C. Napier, of Merchiston
Hall, Scotland, and a descendant of the inventor of
logarithms. He entered the navy in 1799, and, after
fighting in several actions with the French, distinguished
himself at Baltimore and other places in the United
States in 1813 and 1814. After 1814 he passed about
fifteen years in inaction, on half-pay. He commanded
the Portuguese fleet which in 1833 gained a decisive
victory over the fleet of Don Miguel, for which he was
made a Portuguese grandee of the first class. As second
In command, Captain Napier served with distinction at
the reduction of Acre, in 1840, and was rewarded with
the title of knight commander of the Bath. In 1841 he
became rear-admiral, and commanded the Channel fleet
for several years. He advocated naval reform in letters
which were printed, and as a member of Parliament
supported liberal, or rather radical, measures. After the
commencement of the Russian war, he was appointed
commander of the Baltic fleet, (1854,! and proposed to
take Cronstadt, but found it too well fortified, and re-
turned without any remarkable achievement. After his
return to Parliament, in 1855, he imputed his failure to
the fault of the ministers. He attained the rank of
admiral in 1858. Died in November, 1860. "In his
name is summed up all that he was. A Napier is a man
possessed of high spirits, immense courage, great in-
genuity, and prodigious egotism." (" London Times,"
November, 1860.)

See GENERAL E NAPIER, " Life and Correspondence of Admiral
Sir Charles J. Napier." 1861.

Napier, (FRANCIS,) LORD, a British diplomatist, a
son of the eighth Baron Napier, was born in 1819. He
became minister-plenipotentiary to the United States
about 1856. In December, 1860. he was appointed am-
bassador-extraordinary to the court of Russia, and in
1864 was transferred to Berlin. In 1866 he became
Governor of Madras. Died December 19, 1898.

Napier, (HENRY EDWARD,) an English naval officer
and writer, born in 1789, was a brother of Sir Charles
James Napier. He published " Florentine History from
the Earliest Authentic Records," (6 vols., 1847.) Died
in 1853.

Napier, written also Naper, Neper, or Nepair, [Lit.
NAPIE'RUS,] (JoHN,) Baron of Merchiston, a Scottish
mathematician, celebrated as the inventor of logarithms,
was born at Merchiston Castle, near Edinburgh, in 1550.
He was the son of Sir Archibald Napier, master of the
mint. He entered the University of Saint Andrew's
about 1563, and a few years later travelled in France,
Germany, and Italy. He appears to have returned
bout 1571, after which he devoted himself to mathe-
matics, theology, and literatjre. In 1593 he published
an ingenious work called "A Plain Discovery of the
Revelation of Saint John," in which he labours to prove
that popery is antichristian. It is probable that prior to
1594 he began the train of inquiry which resulted in the
discovery of logarithms. His tables were first published
in 1614, with the title of "The Description of the Won-
derful Law of Logarithms," (" Mirifici Logarithmorum
Canonis Descriptio.") " The invention of logarithms,"
says Hallam, "is one of the rarest instances of sagacity
in the history of mankind ; and it has been justly noticed
as remarkable that it issued complete from the mind of
its author, and has not received any improvement since
his time." In solving the problems of trigonometry,
this invention is of immense utility, as it reduces the



labour of months to a few days, and liberates the ope-
rator from the errors which are almost inevitable in long
calculations. He died in 1617, leaving several sons, the
eldest of whom, named Archibald, was raised to the
peerage in 1627, with the title of Lord Napier.

See " Life, Writings, and Inventions of John Napier," by EARL
OF BUCHAN and WALTER MINTO, 1787 ; MARK NAPIER, " Memoirs
of John Napier," 1834; HUTTON, "Mathematical Dictionary;"
CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen ;"
"Westminster Review" for July, 1835.

Na'pl-er, (JOSEPH,) an Irish lawyer and politician, born
at Belfast in 1804. He was called to the bar in 1831,
and elected to Parliament for the University of Dublin
in 1848. He became attorney-general for Ireland in
1852, and was lord chancellor of Ireland from March,
1858, to June, 1859. Died December 9, 1882.

Napier, (MACVEY,) a Scottish editor, born in the
county of Stirling in 1776. He became professor of
conveyancing in the University of Edinburgh. He edited
the se'venth edition of the " Encyclopaedia Britannica,"
and succeeded Lord Jeffrey as editor of the " Edinburgh
Review" in 1829. He performed the duties of this po-
sition with ability for about eighteen years. Among his
contributions to the " Edinburgh Review" is an articlf
on " Raleigh," (April, 1840.) Died in 1847.

See "Notice of Macvey Napier," London, 1847: CHAMBERS,
" Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen, "(Supplement.)

Napier, (MARK,) a Scottish antiquary, born in 1798.
He wrote " Memorials and Letters of the Time of John
Grahame of Claverhouse," a " Life of Napier of Mer-
chistoun," (1834,) a "Life of Montrose," (1840,) and
other works. Died at Edinburgh, November 23, 1879.

Napier, (ROBERT,) a Scottish mechanical engineer,
distinguished for the construction of steamships, was born
at Dumbarton in 1791. He served an apprenticeship to
a blacksmith, and in 1815 became master of a smithery
in Glasgow. A few years later he began to make engines
for steamboats, and afterwards became the head of the
large establishment of Robert Napier & Sons, of Glas-
gow. He constructed the machinery of the British
Queen, and about 1840 furnished Mr. Cunard with four
steamships which plied between England and the United
States. In 1856 he built the Persia, which was perhaps
unrivalled in strength and speed, and subsequently built
several iron-clad ships for the navy. Died June 23, 1876.

Napier, (Sir ROBERT,) a British general, born in Cey-
lon about 1810. He served as an officer of the army
in India, and became chief engineer of Bengal. During
the Sepoy mutiny of 1857-58 he rendered important
services as military enginee.'. He commanded an expe-
dition sent against Abyssinia about the close of 1867. He
gained a decisive victory at Magdala in April, 1868, over
King Theodore, (who was killed,) and was rewarded
with the title of Lord Napier. Died January 14, 1890.

Napier, (Sir WILLIAM FRANCIS,) a British general,
famous as the historian of the Peninsular war, was born
at Castletown, Kildare county, Ireland, in 1785. He
was a brother of General Charles James Napier, and
cousin of Admiral Charles J. Napier. He entered the
army in 1800, and obtained the rank of captain in 1804.
From 1808 to 1814 he served in the Peninsular war,
during which he was frequently wounded. He received
medals for his conduct at Salamanca, (1812,) and at the
battles of the Nivelle and Orthes, etc., and became
lieutenant-colonel in 1813. In 1828 he produced the
first volume of his " History of the War in the Penin-
sula from 1807 to 1814," (6 vols.,) which was finished
in 1840, and found its way to the summit of public
favour, although its tenor was not in accordance with
the popular and political prejudices of the times. He
disapproved the policy of the English government, and
estimated with candour the acts of Napoleon and his
army. The work is admired for dignity of tone, fidelity
to truth, and beauty of style. He was made major-
general in 1841, and lieutenant-general in 1851. His
wife was a daughter of General H. E. Fox, a relative of
Lord Holland. Sir William published a "History of
the Conquest of Scinde," and a few other works. Died
in February, 1860.

See HARRIET MARTINEAU, " Biographical Sketches," London,
1869; "Edinburgh Review" for October, 1857.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 174 of 425)