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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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northwest of Greenland with the ships Alert and Dis- and S^ 6 the command to Narvaez, in 1520. The latter

covery, of which voyage he published a " Report" (1876) was defeated and made prisoner by Cortez at Zampoala.
and a " Narrative," (1878. ) He sailed



sailed on the Alert

in 1878 for a two years' survey of the South Pacific,
retired in 1886, and was made a vice-admiral in 1892.
He published various works pn maritime subjects.
Nares, (JAMES,) an English composer, born in Mid-



killed by the Indians in Florida about 1527.
Narvaez, de, (RAMON MARIA,) Duke of Valencia, a
Spanish general and minister of state, born in Andalusia
about 1798. He fought against the Carlists in 1836-38,
and was the leader of the insurrection which drove Es-
partero from power in 1843. He wa s prime minister



dlesex in 1715. His principal compositions are anthems from May, 1844, to February, 1846, and was restored to
and other church music; he also published "Lessons power in 1849. He resigned in January, 1851, was again
for the Harpsichord," and various treatises on music, appointed president of the council in October, 1856, and
In 1756 he succeeded Green as organist and composer retired from office in November, 1857. About Septem-
to the king. He was the preceptor of the composei ber, 1864, he again became prime minister. Died in
Arnold. Died in 1783. j April, 1868.

as k; 5 as s; g hard; g asy; G, H, Vi,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; & as z; th as mthis. (2^=See Explanations, p. 23.)



NASCIMENTO



1800



NASON



Nascimento, do, do nas-se-mSn'to, (MANOEL,) an
eminent Portuguese poet, born in Lisbon in 1734. He
was driven into exile by the persecution of the Inquisi-
tion in 1778, after which he lived in Paris until his death.
Among his works, which he published under the assumed
name of " Filinto Elysio," are a number of odes and a
translation of La Fontaine's Fables. Died in 1819.

See A. M. SAN*. " Poe'sie lyrique Portugaise," etc., iSoS; L.
DB MENDOC.A, " Memorias de Litteratura contemporanea."

Naseef-al-Yazajee or Nasif-al-Yazaji, na-seef al
ya'za-jee, a distinguished Arabic scholar and writer,
born in " the Lebanon," probably near the commence-
ment of the present century. Although a Christian, he
is said to have devoted his life solely to the study of the
language, history, literature, and grammar of the Arabs.
In his treatise on grammar he has condensed, with rare
ability and skill, the whole system of the Arab gram-
marians. " No more complete exposition of the subject,"
says Mr. Chenery, " has ever been brought into a vol-
ume of the same size." He has also written " Makamat,"
("Assemblies,") in imitation of Hareeree, (Hariri.)
" Nasif," says the same critic, " has little of the poetical
power of his great original, but in curious learning he
almost equals him."

Naselli, na-sel'lee, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian painter,
born at Ferrara. The churches of Ferrara contain many
of his works. Died about 1630.

Nash, (ABNER,) an American statesman and lawyer,
born in Prince Edward county, Virginia. Having set-
tled in North Carolina, he was elected in 1779 Governor
of that State. Died in 1786.

Nash, (FRANCIS,) an American brigadier-general,
brother of Abner Nash, noticed above, was mortally
wounded at the battle of Germantown, (1777.)

Nash, (FREDERICK,) an American jurist, bom at
Newbern, North Carolina, in 1781, was a son of Abner
Nash. He resided mostly at Hillsborough. He became
a judge of the supreme court of North Carolina in 1844.
Died in 1858.

Nash, (JOHN,) an English architect, born in London
in 1752. He was appointed in 1815 inspector of the
royal buildings. He furnished the designs for the Hay-
Market Theatre, Buckingham Palace, and the Pavilion
of Brighton, also the plans of Regent Street and Re-
gent's Park. Died in 1835.

Nash, (JOSEPH,) an English painter and designer,
born about 1812. He designed illustrations for "The
Architecture of the Middle Ages," (1838.) He was dis-
tinguished as a painter of architecture. Died in 1878.

Nash, (RICHARD,) usually called BEAU NASH, was
born at Swansea, Wales, in 1674. He entered the Mid-
dle Temple as a student of law, but had an invincible
aversion to study and business. He distinguished him-
self as a man of fashion, a master of the science oi
gentility, and a paragon of effrontery. His skill as a
gambler yielded him an ample revenue. In 1704 he
found Bath a vulgar and mismanaged watering-place,
infested with ill-bred people. He got himself appointed
master of ceremonies, and, by enforcing the rules of good
breeding at balls, public assemblies, etc., converted Bath
into a fashionable and elegant place of resort. His
person was coarse and ungainly, but his vivacit) and
benevolent or prodigal habits rendered him popular.
He is said to have taken measures to guard the unwary
youth from falling victims to the designs of villains.
During a part of his long period of prosperity and
supremacy at Bath, he rode in a six-horse coach with a
retinue of servants. In his old age he was impoverished
by the act of Parliament which suppressed gaming.
Died in 1761.

See OLIVER GOLDSMITH, "Life of Richard Nash," 1763; " EC
centric Personages," by WM. RUSSELL, 1866.

Nash, (THOMAS,) an English wit and dramatist, born
in Suffolk about 1564. He was the author of "The
Supplication of Pierce Penniless to the Devil," (1592,)
"Dido," a tragedy, (1594,) a comedy entitled "Sum-
mer's Last Will and Testament," (1600,) and several
other works, which had great popularity in that age.
Died in 1601.

See WARTON, " History of English Poetry ;" DISRAELI, " Ca-
lamities of Authors."



Nash, (TREADWAY RUSSEL,) an English divine and
antiquary, born in 1725 or 1726. He published "Col-
lections for a History of Worcestershire," and a fine
edition of Hudibras, and contributed several papers to
the " Archjeologia." Died in 1811.

Nasif-al-Yazaji See NASEEF-AL-YAZAJEE.

Nasini, na-see'nee, (ANTONIO,) an Italian painter of
history and portraits, born at Sienna in 1641 ; died in
1716.

Nasini, (GIUSEPPE NICCOL&,) a skilful painter, born
near Sienna about 1655, was a brother of the preceding.
He painted in oil and fresco many works, the subjects
of which are mostly religious. Died in 1736.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Nasir Kho'sroo', or Aboo Moo'in-ed-Deen
Nasir ben Khosroo, an eminent Persian didactic poet,
born at Koobadeeyan in 1004 A.D. He was at first an
orthodox Moslem, but became a Sheeite. He was a great
linguist and traveller, and was financial secretary to Ja-
ghir, a brother of Togrul Bey, (q. v.) He wrote " Safar-
nama," a valuable book of travels, volumes of lyrics
called "The Book of Enlightenment" and "The Book
of Happiness," and other works. Died in 1088.

Nasir-ed-Deen, Shah of Persia, was born in 1829,
and succeeded to the throne in 1848. He visited
Europe in 1873 and 1889, and died by the hand of
an assassin in 1896.

Nasir - ed - Deen - Mohammed - Ibn - Hassan, or
Nassir-eddyn-Mohammed-Ibn-Hajan, na'sir ed-
deen' mo-harn'med ib'n ha'san, surnamed AL-TOO'SEE,
(or AL-THOUSi,) from the place of his birth, a celebiated
Persian astronomer, born at Toos, (Tfls or Thous,) in
KhorassSn, about 1200 A.D., became superintendent of
an observatory in Azerbaijin. He was the author of
" Ilchaaic Tables," which are said by Delambre not to
differ essentially from those of Ptolemy. Died in 1274.

Nasir- (or Nasser-) Ledeen- (Ledin-) Blah, ni'sjr
le-deen' il'lah, (Abool-Abbas- Ahmed, a'bool ab-bas'
aH'med,) an Abbasside caliph, began to reign at Bagdad
in 1180, as successor of his father Mostadee. He founded
many colleges, hospitals, and mosques. Died in 1225.

Na'smith, (DAVID,) a Scottish philanthropist, born
in Glasgow in 1799, was distinguished for his zeal in
promoting religious and benevolent associations. He
founded in 1826 the Glasgow City Mission, and, having
subsequently visited England, Ireland, France, and the
United States of America, he established missions in
their principal cities. The London City Mission, which
began its operations in 1835 with four missionaries,
numbered in 1856 upwards of three hundred. Nasmith
also founded the London Female Mission, the Adult
School Society, and other similar institutions. Died
in 1839.

Na'smith, (JAMES,) an English divine and antiquary,
born at Norwich in 1740, published editions of the
" Itineraries" of Simon and William of Worcester, and
Tanner's "Notitia Monastica." Died in 1808.

Na'sm^th, (ALEXANDER,) a celebrated Scottish
painter, founder of the so-called Nasmyth school, was
born at Edinburgh in 1758. He painted landscapes and
portraits of great merit. Among the latter, that of Burns
is highly esteemed, and is said to be the only authentic
likeness of the poet. Died in 1840.

Nasmyth, (JAMES,) a Scottish engineer and inventor,
son of the preceding, was born in Edinburgh in 1808.
He commenced business for himself as a mechanical
engineer, at Manchester, in 1834. He invented a steam
hammer, a steam pile-driver, &c. Died May 8, 1890.
See SAMUKL SMILES," Industrial Biography," etc, 1864.

Nasmyth, (PATRICK.) a brother of the preceding,
was born at Edinburgh in 1786. He enjoyed a high
reputation as a landscape-painter, and had five sisters
who were distinguished in the same department of the
art. Died in 1831.

Na'spn, (ELIAS,) an American author, born at Wren-
tham, Massachusetts, April 21, 1811. He graduated at
Brown University in 1835. and was for several years an
editor and teacher. In 1849 he entered the Congrega-
tionalist ministry. He edited several hymn-collections,
published a "Life" of N. Howe, (1851.) of Sir C. H^



a, 1. 6. u, y.long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, ii, J, short; a, e, i. o, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; nio-n;



NASON



iSoi



NA TT1ER



Frankland, (1865,) of Mrs. Rowson, (1870,) of Henry
Wilson, (1872,) and of C harles Sumner, (1874,) " Gazetteer
of Massachusetts," (1873,) "History of the Bible," (1881,)
" Noted Men of Massachusetts," and other works. He
was also a popular lecturer. Died June 17, 1887.

Nason, (HENRY BRADFORD,) LL.D., an American
chemist, born at Foxborough, Massachusetts, Ju:ie 22,
1831. He studied (1852-55) at Amherst College, and
graduated at the University of Gottingen in 1857.
was professor of chemistry in Beloit College from 1858
to 1866, and then became professor of chemistry in Rens-
selaer Polytechnic Institute, at Troy, N. Y., with which he
was connected until his death. He published tables for
laboratory use, and edited translations of various hand-
books of Wbhler and Elderhorst. Died Jan. 18, 1895.

Nassare, nas-sa'ra, (BLAS ANTONIO,) a Spanish mis-
cellaneous writer, born at Alguezar in 1689 ; died in 1751.

Nassau, nas'saw, [Ger. pron. nas'sow,] HOUSE OF,
a noble family, of German origin, which produced many
great men, and derived its title from Nassau, on the
Rhine. In the sixteenth century the family acquired
the principality of Orange, in the southeast of France,
after which the Counts of Nassau took the title of Prince



was appointed captain-general of the Dutch possession!
n Brazil in 1636, and gained several successes over the
Portuguese. He returned to Holland in 1644, and was
made general-in-chief of the cavalry. He left in manu-
script a work on the Animals of South America. Died
n 1679.

Nast, (THOMAS,) a distinguished caricaturist, born at
Landau, in Bavaria, September 27, 1840. In 1846 he
was brought to America, and in early youth found em-
ployment as a draughtsman for an illustrated newspaper.
After the outbreak of the war of 1861-65 he became
prominent as an effective political caricaturist. He after-
wards became a lecturer, and illustrated various books,
chiefly with comic sketches.

Nast, (WILLIAM,) D.D., a native of Germany, emi-
grated in 1828 to America, where he became a preacher
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He has translated
numerous Methodist works into German, and published
several books in that language. Died in 1899.

Natal, BISHOP OF. See COLENSO.

Natale, nil-ta'la, [Lat. NATA'LIS,] (GERONIMO,) a
Spanish Jesuit, born in Majorca in 1507.



of Orange,
land.)



(See ORANGE, and WILLIAM III. of Eng-



Nassau, (HENRY,) COUNT OF, a Flerr.ish nobleman,
inherited from his father large estates in Brabant, Flan-
ders, and Holland. In 1515 he married the sister of
Philibert, Prince of Orange, by whom he had a son Rene.
Henry was a confidential friend of Charles V., whose
governor he had been in that emperor's boyhood. " It
was he," says Motley, " whose influence placed the im-
perial crown upon the head of Charles." He was the
uncle of William of Orange, the founder of the Dutch
republic.

Nassau, (MAURICE OF,) [Dutch, MAURITS VAN NAS-
SAU, mow'rits vSn nas'sow ; Ger. MORITZ VON NASSAU,
mo'rits fon r.is'sow,] one of the greatest captains of
modern times, was born at the castle of Dillenburg in
November, 1567, and was the second son of William the
Silent, Prince of Orange, who founded the Dutch repub-
lic. About the age of twenty he was elected Governor and
Captain-General of the Seven United Provinces, which
were then at war with Spain. In 1591 he took Deventer,
Zutphen, and other fortified towns. He defeated the
Spaniards in a great pitched battle at Turnhout in 1597,
and gained a decisive victory over the Archduke Albert
of Austria at Nieuwport in 1600. In the ensuing cam-
paigns his skill as a tactician was exerted with uninter-
rupted success until 1609, when Spa-in recognized the
independence of the Dutch, and a truce of twelve years
was signed by the two powers. The patriot Barneveldt,
by promoting this peace and opposing the ambitious pro-
jects of Maurice, incurred his enmity, and finally became
a victim of his cruelty. (See BARNEVELDT.) Maurice
received the title of Prince of Orange at the death of his
elder brother, about 1618. In 1621 he renewed the war
against the Spaniards, who opposed to him the celebrated



He declined



general Spinola.
art," says Hume



' His great capacity in the military
1 would have compensated the inferior-



ity of his forces, had not the Spanish armies been com-
manded by Spinola." Maurice compelled his rival to
raise the siege of Bergen-op-Zoom in 1622, but Spinola
took Breda in 1625. He died in 1625, and was succeeded
in the office of Stadtholder by his brother, Frederick
Henry, wno was the grandfather of William III. of Eng-
land. Maurice made important improvements in the
military art, and excelled especially in the reduction and
defence of fortified places.

See STOLKEK, " Prins Maurits," 1827 : OUDEMANS, " Het Leven
en de Daden van Maurits Prins van Oranje-Nassau," 1832 : C. M.
TAN DER KEMP, "Maurits van Nassau Prins van Oranje, etc.,
1844: MOTLEY. " History of the United Netherlands."

Nassau-Siegen, de, deh nas'sow see'gen, (CHARLES
HENRI NICOLAS OTHON,) PRINCE, born in Nassau in
1745, gained distinction by his adventures. He served
in the French army, and afterwards entered the service
of Russia. He gained a naval victory over the Turks
in 1788. Died about 1809.

Nassau-Siegen, de, ( JAN MAURITS,) PRINCE,
called THE AMERICAN, a Dutch commander, born in
1604, was a grandson of John, Count of Nassau. He



the office of general of the order of Jesuits in 1558. He
wrote "Commentaries and Meditations on the Gospels,"
(" Adnotationes et Meditationes in Evangelia," 1594.)
Died at Rome in 1580.

See H. FISQUBT, " Notice sur JeVome Nalalis," 1856.
Natali, na-ta'lee, (GIOVANNI.) an Italian poet and
physician, born at Messina in 1642 ; died about 173-
Natalis. See NATALE.

Natalis, na-ta'lis, (MICHAEL,) a Flemish engraver,
born at Liege about 1609, worked at Rome and Paris.
He engraved some works of Titian, Rubens, and Poussin.
Died in 1670.

Na'than, [Heb. |J"U ; Gr. Naflav,] a Hebrew prophet,
who lived in the reigns of Kings David and Solomon.
He wrote a Life of David, which is not extant.
See II. Samuel xii. ; I. Chronicles xxix. zq ; I. Kings i.
Nathan, (ISAAC,) called also Mordecai, a Jewish
rabbi of the fifteenth century, published the first Hebrew
Concordance to the Bible. It is entitled " Mair Netib,"
or " Light to the Path."

Na'than, (ISAAC,) an English vocalist and musician,
of Jewish extraction, born at Canterbury in 1792. He
was distinguished as a singer and singing-master, pro-
duced some comic operas, and wrote " A Life of Madame
Malibran de Beriot," (1836.) He was accidentally killed
in Sydney, Australia, Januarv 15, 1864.

Na'than Ben Jectiiel, (bSn yek'e-eT,) a Jewish rabbi,
president' of the synagogue at Rome. He wrote a Tal-
mudical Lexicon, which was printed about 1480. Died
n 1106.

NathanaeL, (of Scripture.) See BARTHOLOMEW.
Natoire, nftwiR', (CHARLES,) a French painter, born
at Nimes in 1700, studied under Lemoine, whose un-
finished works he completed. Some of his best pictures
are at Versailles and the Hotel de Soubise. Died near
Rome in 1777.

Nat'ter, (HEINRICH,) an Austrian sculptor, born
at Graun, Tyrol, in 1844. He produced numerous
notable works, his gigantic statue of Wotan being the
sensation of the Vienna Exposition of 1873. He made
statues of the heroes of the Tyrol, the Hofer monument
in Innsbruck being his latest work. Died in 1892.

Natter, nit'ter, (JoHANN LORENZ,) a celebrated Ger-
man eem-engraver, born in Suabia in 1705. After re-
siding for a time at Rome, he visited the principal courts
of Europe, where his works were in great demand. H
imitations of the antique are so perfect as scarcely tc
distinguished from the original. Among his best pro
ductions are a medal in honour of Sir Robert Walpole,
and a victorious Britannia, on a gem. Natter published
a "Treatise on the Antique Method of engraving Gems,
compared with the Modern." Died at Saint Petersburg

m Nat 3 terer, nat'ter-er, (JOHANN,) a German naturalist,
born at Laxenburg, near Vienna, in 1787. He travelled
in Brazil, and wrote several works on reptiles and mam

m Nattier,'nrte4'? 3 (jEAN MARC,) a French portrait-



c as k; 5 as s; g hard; g as/.- G, H, K,g,Mural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: %h as in this. I J^=See Explanati



NA TZMER



1802



NAVARRETE



painter, born in Paris in 1685. Among his master-pieces
are the portraits of Marshal Saxe and the Duke of
Richelieu. He was professor in the Academy of Arts.
Died in 1766.

Natzmer, von, fon nats'mer, (DUBISLAW GNEOMAR,)
a Prussian general, born in Pomerania in 1654. He
distinguished himself at Blenheim, (1704,) and com-
manded the Prussian corps at Malplaquet, (1709.) Died
in 1739.

Naubert, now'bSiU, (CHRlsxiANE BENEDICT*. EU-
GENIE,) a celebrated romance-writer of Germany, born
at Leipsic in 1756. Among her most admired works
are "Conradin of Suabia," "Walter of Montbarry," and
" Thekla of Thurn." The latter, it is said, suggested to
Schiller many hue passages in " Wallenstein." Her
" Popular Legends of Germany" are also greatly esteemed.
Died in 1819.

Naubrigensis. See LITTLE, (WILLIAM.)

Nauclerus, now-kla'rus, (JOHANN VERGEN,) a chron-
icler, born in Siiabia about 1430. He wrote, in Latin,
a chronicle, which was printed in 1516. Died abouti5io.

Nau'cra-tes, [Nawcpanjf,] a Greek orator, was a pupil
of Isocrates, and flourished about 350 B.C. He wrote on
rhetoric.

Nau-cy'des, [Nat)/ci(!^f,] a celebrated Greek sculptor,
born at Argos about the 95th Olympiad. Among his
best productions were two statues of Chimon, a Mer-
cury, and a bronze statue of Erinna.

Naudaeus. See NAUDE, (GABRIEL.)

Naude, no'di', [Lat NAUD^E'US,] (GABRIEL,) a dis-
tinguished French bibliographer ana savant, was born
in Paris in 1600. He was chosen physician-ordinary to
Louis XIII. in 1633, and librarian to Cardinal Richelieu
in 1642. Soon after the death of Richelieu (1642) he
became librarian to Mazarin. He had extensive learning
and an acute understanding, and was an intimate friend
of Gassendi. His principal works are an "Apology for
Great Men falsely accused of Magic," (1625,) " Biblio-
graphia Politica," (1633,) and "Considerations on Coups
d'Etat." A collection of anecdotes entitled " Naudaeana"
was published in 1701. Died in 1653.

See Louis JACOB, "Gabrielis Naudaei Tumulus," 1659; NICKRON,
"Me'mpires:" SAINTH-BKUVB, " Portraits litteraires," 1855 ; " Nou-
Telle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Naude, (PHILIPPE,) a French mathematician and
Protestant theologian, born at Metz in 1654. Having
removed to Berlin, he was appointed, in 1696, professor
of mathematics in the Academy of Arts, and subsequently
in the Academy of Sciences, soon after its foundation.
He was the author of a number of moral and theological
works, and of "Elements of Geometry," (1706.) Died
in 1729.

Naudet, no'di', (JOSEPH,) a French scholar and his-
torian, born in Paris in 1786. He became a member of
the Academy of Inscriptions in 1817, and professor of
Latin poetry in the College de France about 1821.
Among his works is a " History of the Monarchy of the
Goths in Italy," (1811.) Died August 13, 1878.

See *' Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Naudet, (THOMAS CHARLES,) a French landscape-
painter, born in Paris in 1774. He travelled over a
considerable part of Europe, and made a collection of
three thousand designs. Died in 1810.

Naugerius. See NAVAGERO.

Naumann, now'man, (JOHANN ANDREAS,) a German
naturalist, born near Kbthen in 1744. He published a
"History of the Birds of North Germany," (1795-1804.)
Died in 1826.

Naumann, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH,) an ornithologist,
born near Kothen in 1780, was a son of the preceding.
His chief work is a " Natural History of German Birds,"
(1822-44.) Died in 1857.

Naumann, (|OH ANN GOTTLIEB or AMADEUS,) a Ger-
man composer, born near Dresden in 1741. He pro-
duced several popular operas; but his reputation rests
chiefly on his church music. Died in 1801.

See MEISSNER, " Bnichstiicke aus J. A. Naumanns Lebensge-
schichte," 2 vols., 1804; FHTIS, " Biographic Universelle des Mu-
eiciens."

Naumann, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a German mineral-
ogist, born at Dresden in 1797, was a son of Johann



Gottlieb, noticed above. He published several suc-
cessful works on mineralogy. Died November 26, 1873.

Naumann, (MORITZ ERNST ADOLPH,) a brother of
the preceding, and a medical writer, was born at Dresden
in 1798. He wrote an important work on clinic medi-
cine, " Handbuch der medicinischen Klinik," (8 vols.,
1829-39,) and other works. Died October 19, 1871.

Naun'tpn, (Sir ROBERT,) an English statesman, rose
to be secretary of state and master of requests under
James I. He was the author of " Fragmenta Regalia,"
or an account of the court of Queen Elizabeth. Died
in 1635.

Nausea, now'zi-a, otherwise called Unrath, oon'rSt,
and Eckel, ek'kel, (FRIEDRICH,) a German theologian,
born near Wiirtzburg about 1480. He became preacher
to the court at Vienna in 1534, and Bishop of Vienna in
1541. He published several works on theology. L-ied
about 1550.

See DUPIN, " Bibliotheque des Auteurs eccle'siastiques."

Nau-sic'a-a, [Gr. Navouoia,] a daughter of Alcinous,
King of the Phaeacians, showed kindness to Ulysses
when he was wrecked on the island of Phaeacia, (CorfU.)
Tradition adds that she became the wife of Telemachus.

Nau-sic'ra-tes, [NaiKjucpanjo,] a Greek comic poet,
whose works are not extant. He is classed by somi-
critics among the writers of the middle comedy.

Nanze, La. See LA NAUZE.

Navagero, na-va-ja'ro,[LaL NAUGE'RIUS,](ANDREA,)
an Italian scholar and eminent Latin poet, born in Venice
in 1483. He passed about four years (1525-28) at Madrid
as Venetian ambassador to Charles V., and exercised an
important influence on Spanish literature. Having been
sent on a mission to France, he died at Blois in 1529.
His Latin and Italian poems are admired for their ele-
gance and purity of style.

See GINGUENE, " Histoire Litt^raire d'ltalie ;" MENEGHELLI,
" Elogio di A. Navagero," 1813.

Navagero, (BERNARDO,) a Venetian statesman and
cardinal, born at Venice in 1507. He was sent as am-
bassador to France and Germanv, and attended the
Council of Trent He wrote a " Life of Pope Paul IV."
Died in 1565.

See L. MANIN, " Elopo ~fl Cardinal Navagero," 1814; Ac
BEKV. " Histoire des CardiDaux."

Navailles, de, deh n^val' or ni'vi'ye, (PHILIPPE de
Montault de Benac ileh m6N't5' deh bi'ntk',) Due,
a French general, born in 1619. He obtained the rank
of marshal of France in 1675. Died in 1684.

See "Meraoires de sa Vie," etc, written by himself, 1691.

Navarre or Navarrese, DOCTOR. See AZPILCUETA.

Navarre, na-vlr'ri, (PEDRO,) a Spanish captain, born
in Biscay, was a skilful engineer. He invented or im-
proved the art of undermining, and took the Castello
del Ovo at Naples in 1503. In 1514 he entered the


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 176 of 425)