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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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service of Francis I. of France. Died in 1528.

See BRANT&MB, "Vies des grands Capitaines."

Navarrete or Navarete. See MUDO, EL.

Navarrete, na-var-ra'tl, (DOMINGO FERNANDEZ,) a
Spanish Dominican, born in Old Castile, was a mission-
ary to China in 1646. After his return he was created
Archbishop of Saint Domingo in the West Indies. He
was the author of a valuable work on the moral, political,
and religious condition of the Chinese, entitled "Tra-
tados historicos, etc. de la Monarchia de China," (1676.)
Died in 1689.

Navarrete, (Don MARTIN FERNANDEZ,) an eminent
Spanish historian and geographer, born at Abalos in
1765. He was appointed in 1823 director of the Hydro-
graphic Institute at Madrid, and in 1837 was made a
senator and director of the Academy of History. His
principal work is entitled a "Collection of the Voyages
and Discoveries made by the Spaniards since the Close
of the Fifteenth Century." It is eulogized by Humboldt,
and has furnished Irving with material for his " Life of
Columbus." He also wrote a " Biography of Cervantes,"
and assisted in preparing a valuable "Collection of Un-
published Documents for the History of Spain," (un-
finished.) He was a member of the Spanish Academy,
and proposed a new system of orthography, which was
adopted by that institution. Died in 1844.



5, e, i, 6, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, shffrt; a, e, i, p, obscure; far, fall, fat; ni2t; n8t; good; moon;



NAVARRO



1803



NEANDER




See QUILLIET, " Dictionnaire des Peintres Espagnols."
Nave or Naeve, na'feh, written also Nefe, (KASPAR,)

a German medical writer, born at Chemnitz in 1514;

died about I <;So.



(1822,) "Seventy-Six," (1823,) and other novels. In
1824 he visited England, where he contributed a num-
ber of able and interesting articles on American litera-
ture to " Blackwood's Magazine." After his return, he



inent Bel- published the novels of " Rachel Dyer," (1828,) "The



Navez, ni'va', (FRANCOIS JOSEPH,) an em




the chief of the Belgian Academic school. Died in 1869. at Portland, June 20, 1876.

Navier, n%'ve-', (PIERRE TOUSSAINT,) a French Neal, (JOSEPH C.,) an American journalist and hu

physician and chemist, born at Saint-Dizier in 1712, was mo rous writer, born at Greenland, New Hampshire, in

the discoverer of nitrous ether. He was a corresponding - " - -= ' - > : - T>U:I-J_I_U:. u~ u. . :_.c,.

member of the Academy of Sciences, and publishe
several scientific works. Died in 1779.



1807. Ha
editor of



living settled in Philadelphia, he became in 1831
"The Pennsylvanian," and in 1844 of a literary
journal entitled " Neal's Saturday Gazette," which soon

Naville, (EDOUARD HENRI,) a Swiss Egyptologist, acquired extensive popularity. He published in 1837
born at Geneva in 1844. He went to Egypt in 1869, "Charcoal Sketches, or Scenes in a Metropolis," which
and spent most of his life there in explorations. In were received with great favour, and were republished
1893 he began to excavate the temple of Der el Bahri, in London. They were followed by " Peter Ploddy, and
on behalf of the Egyptian Exploration Fund, and made other Oddities," (1844,) and another series of "Char.
important discoveries. He wrote several works re- coal Sketches." Died in 1848.
lating to Egyptian antiquities. See GRISWOLD. " Prose Writers of America."

Nawa'wee, or Nawawi, ni-wa'wee, an Arabian Ne-al'cjes, [NfoAjri/c,] a Greek painter, born about
author and saint, whose full name was MOHYI AL-DEEN 813 B.C., is supposed to have been a native of Sicypn.
ABOO ZAKARYA YAHYA BEN SHARAF-AL-NAWAWI. He His works were highly esteemed by his contemporaries,
was born at Nawa, in Arabia, in 1233. He was devout, and are eulogized by Plutarch and Pliny. One of his
learned, brave, and patriotic. Of his many works a principal pieces represents a battle between the Egyp-
" Biographical Dictionary of Illustrious Men," and a tians and the Persians on the Nile,
celebrated manual of jurisprudence, are best known. Neale, neel, (JOHN MASON,) an English theologian
Died at Nawa, December 20, 1277. and historical writer, born about 1818. He published,

Nay'lor, (JAMES,) an English enthusiast, born in besides several books for children, a " History of the
Yorkshire in 1616. He became an eloquent preacher Holy Eastern Church," "Mediaeval Hymns," (transla-
of the Society of Friends, after he had served in the tions,) " Hymns of the Eastern Church," " History of
army of the Parliament, which he left in 1649. Having the Jansenists," etc. Died in 1866.
fallen into delusions and received acts of worship from Neale, (LEONARD,) D.D., an American archbishop,
some fanatical persons, he was convicted of blasphemy born near Port Tobacco, Maryland, October 15, 1746.
by the Parliament in 1656. He was branded, pilloried, He was educated in Saint-Omer, France, became a priest
and imprisoned several years. Died in 1660. and Jesuit, and in 1779 went as a missionary to Deme-

Nazianzen. See GREGORY NAZIANZEN. rara, but in 1783 returned to Maryland, and ministered

Ne or Ni, a name sometimes given to CONFUCIUS, with zeal and success in Philadelphia till 1798, when he
which see. became president of Georgetown College. In 1800 he

Neagle, na'gel, (JOHN,) an American artist, chiefly was consecrated Bishop of Gortyna, and Coadjutor of
known as a portrait-painter, was born in Boston in 1799. Baltimore, of which see he was promoted to be arch-
He practised his art in Philadelphia, where he married bishop in 1815. Died at Georgetown, June 15, 1817.
a daughter of Sully. Among his works are portraits of Neander, na-in'der, (CHRISTOPH FRIEDRICH,)
Washington and Henry Clay. Died in 1865. (changed from Neumann,) a German divine and poet,

See DUNLAP, " History of the Arts of Design in America;" born in Courland in 1724. He was the author of
Tu CKERMAN, " Book of the Artists." Spiritual Songs," (" Geistliche Liedei ,") which are

Neal, (ALICE B.) See HAVEN, (ALICE.) ranked among the best compositions of that kind in the

Neal, neel, (DANIEL,) a celebrated English dissenter, language. Died in 1802.

born in London in 1678. After completing his studies see " Bruchstiicke von Neanders Leben," Berlin, 1804.
at Utrecht, he became minister of a congregation in Neander, (JOACHIM,) a German hymn-writer and
Aldersgate Street, London. His principal works are a Calvinistic preacher, born at Bremen about 1650. He
" History of the Puritans," (in 4 vols.,) and a " History published " Covenant Songs," (" Bundeslieder,")



and



of New England." Died in 1743.

Neal, (DAVID DOLLOFF,) an American artist, born at
Lowell, Massachusetts, October 20, 1837. He went to
Germany as an art-student, and in 1863 married
daughter of the painter Ainrmiller. He was,
a pupil of Piloty. In 1876 he won the great medal of



Psalms of Thanksgiving," (" Dankpsalmen," 1679.)
lied in 1680.

Ne-an'der, [Ger. pron. na-an'der,] (JpHANN AUGUST
married a WlLHELM,)'an eminent German theologian and ecclesi-
, 1867-76, astical historian, of Jewish extraction, was born at Gb't-
tingen in 1789. He became in 1812 professor of theology




__ _ _

the Munich Academy. Among his pictures of interiors at "Berlin, 'where he devoted himself zealously to the
On the Grand Canal, Venice," and " Saint Mark's." duties of his office and the advancement of Christianity

Of these the most importan*
of the Christian Religion and
.) Among his other produc-

ay name "The Emperor Julian and his Times,"

(1883,) "Nuns at Prayer," etc. He has chiefly resided at (,g I2 ,) "Memorable Occurrences from the History of
Munich. Christianity and Christian Life," (3 vols., 1822,) " His-

His son, HEINRICH DOLLOFF NEAL, born at Mu- tory of the Planting of the Apostolic Church," (1832,)
nich, Bavaria, in 1870, is director of the Heidelberg and "The Life of Jesus Christ in its Historical Rela-
Conservatory of Music, and a composer of concert and tions," (1837,) an able refutation of the well-known work
other music, his productions including the grand , of Strauss. Neander was a member of the Consistory
ballet "Opium" and the comic opera "Sergeant of the province of Brandenburg. His writings have
Crespo." obtained great reputation and influence in foreign cou

Neali (JOHN,) an American poet and litttratrur, born tries, as well as in Germany. Died in Berlin in July, 1850.
at Portland, Maine, in 1793. His first publications were "Neander still remains beyond doubt
a series of essays on the works of Byron, which ap- , church historian, thus far, of the nmete

as k; c as s; g hard; g asyV G, H, K, guttural ; N, nasal; R, trilled: I as 2; th as in this. ( J^=See Explanations, p. 23. j



NEANDER



1804



NECKER



Great, too, especially in this, that he never suffered his
renown to obscure at all his sense of the sinfulness and
weakness of every human work in this world. With all
his comprehensive knowledge, he justly regarded him-
self as, among many others, merely a forerunner of a
lew, creative epoch of ever-young Christianity. . . .
We stand,' he said, 'on the line between the old
world and a new, about to be called into being by the
ever-fresh energy of the gospel. For a fourth time
an epoch in the life of our race is in preparation by
means of Christianity.' " (Dr. Schaff 's " History of
the Apostolic Church.")

See KRABBE, "A. Neander," 1852; " Zura Gedachtniss A. Mean-
der's," Berlin, 1850; HERZOG, "Real-Encyklopadie :" W. FARRELL,
"Memorial of A. Neander," 1851: "North British Review" for
February, 1851 ; "British Quarterly Review" for October, 1868.

Neander, (MICHAEL,) a German Protestant divine
nd classical scholar, born in Lower Silesia in 1525, was
a pupil of Melanchlhon. He wrote a number of Greek
and Latin treatises. Died in 1595.

See REINHARD, "De Vita M. Neander," 1756: NiciRON, "M4-
uuires;" HAVEMANN, "Mittheilungen aus dem Leben M. Nean-
der's," 1841.

Neander, (MICHAEL,) a learned German physician,
born in Misnia in 1529. Among his works we may name
a "Synopsis of Weights and Measures according to the
Romans, Athenians," etc Died in 1581.

Ne-ar'chus, [Gr. Neap^of; Fr. NEARQUE, na'SRk',] a
celebrated admiral of Alexander the Great, was a native
of Crete, or, as some assert, of Amphipolis. About 327
B.C. he set sail from the Indus for the Persian Gulf, and
discovered on his passage the mouths of the Euphrates
and the Tigris. A detailed account of this voyage is
given by Arrian, the accuracy of which has been
confirmed by Vincent and other modern geographers.
Nearchus, on his return, was received with distinguished
favour by Alexander, who assured him that he rejoiced
more in the success of the expedition than in having
conquered Asia. He also received from his sovereign
a golden crown. After the death of Alexander, Nearchus
was made governor of Pamphylia and Lycia.

See PLUTARCH, "Vita Alexandri ;" VINCENT, "Voyage of Near-
chns to the Euphrates," etc., 1797: GOSSELIN, " Geographic des
Grecs."

Nearque. See NKARCHUS.

Nebel, na'bel, (DANIF.L,) a German botanist, born at
Heidelberg in 1664. He published several works on
botany. Died in 17^3.

Nebeniua, na-ba'ne-us, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man statesman and able writer on political economy,
born near Landau in 1784. He was president of the
Council of Baden from 1846 to 1848. Among his works
is a "Treatise on Public Credit," (1820.) Died in 1857.

Nebi, neVee, an admired Turkish poet of the seven-
teenth century, flourished under the reign of Mahomet
IV.

NeTiO, called in Assyrian NABIU or NADU, "the
prophet," a great divinity of ancient Babylon. He was
possibly the same as the Persian Mithra. He was by
the Accad people called "the Creator," and among the
Assyrians was the god of knowledge and books. He
was called " the overseer of the hosts of Heaven and
Earth."

Neb-ris-sen'sis, (ANTONIUS,) an eminent Spanish
scholar, whose proper name was ANTONIO DE LEURIXA,
(da li-bRee'Hi,) was born at Lebrixa in 1444. He studied
the classics in Italy, and, returning to Spain in 1473, De-
came to that country what Erasmus was to Germany or
Bude (Budaeus) to France. As professor in the Univer-
sity of Salamanca, he initiated a reform in the method of
teaching Latin and Greek. He published a Latin Lexi-
con, (1492,) a "Lexicon of Civil Law," (1506,) which is
highly commended, and grammars of the Latin, Greek,
and Hebrew languages. About 15 14 he became professor
of ihetoric at Alcala. "The men to whom Spain chiefly
owes the advancement of useful learning," says Hallam,
"were Arias Barbosa and the more renowned Antonio
de Lebrixa." (" Introduction to the Literature of Eu-
rope.") Died in 1522.

See PRESCOTT, " History of Ferdinand and Isabella," vol. i. part i.

Ne'brufl, [Gr. Ntfywf,] an eminent Greek physician,



flourished about 580 B.C. He is supposed to have been
a native of Cos. When the Amphictyons besieged the
town of Crissa, in Phocis, Nebrus ass'isted in reducing
the town by poisoning the water.

Nebti, neVtee, or Neph'thys, an ancient goddess of
the Egyptians, the sister and companion of Isis, and the
wife of the monster Set. She was one of the protectors
of the dead.



Neb'u-ehad-nez'zar, [Heb. i;'W^n: ; Fr. NA
BUCHODONOSOR, ni'boo'ko'do'no'zoR', or NABOKO
DROSSOR, nS'bo'ko'dRo'soR',] King of Babylon, succeeded
his father Nabopolassar. He took Jerusalem in 606
B.C., and carried to Babylon many captives, among whom
was the prophet Daniel. King Zedekiah having revolted,
Nebuchadnezzar took his capital in 588, destroyed the
great temple by fire, threw down the walls of the city,
and transported the Jewish people to Babylon. He
afterwards captured Tyre, conquered Egypt, and became
probably the most powerful monarch of that age in the
world. Having become too much elated by pride and
prosperity, he was, by divine visitation, deprived of his
reason and deposed from his throne. Restored to reason
and power a short time before his death, he published
a pious proclamation of his experience and of his recog-
nition of the King of heaven.

See II. Kings xxv. i ; Daniel i., ii., iii., and iv. ; also, SAMUEL
CLARKE, " Life and Death of Nebuchadnezzar," 1664.

Necham. See NECKHAM.

Ne'eho [Gr. N<ic, Ncjou, or Nejuf] or Pha'ra-6h
Ne'eho, King of Egypt, a son of Psammeticus, reigned
from 617 to 601 B.C. He was a warlike prince, and
defeated Josiah, King of Judah, in battle at Megiddo,
but was defeated by Nebuchadnezzar in 606 B.C. at
Carchemish.

See BUNSHH, "Egvptens Stelle in der Weltgeschichte."

Neck, van, vtn n?k, (JAN,) a Dutch painter, born at
Naarden in 1635. His master-piece is "Simeon in the
Temple holding the Infant Jesus in his Arms." Died at
Amsterdam in 1714.

Necker, nek'ker or ni'kaiR', (ALBERTINE ADRIENNE
deSaubsuie deh so'suV,) a Swiss authoress, born at
Geneva in 1766, was a daughter of the naturalist, II. B.
Je Saussure. She was married to J. Necker, a nephew
of the great financier, and a cousin of Madame de
Stael, of whom she was an intimate friend. She wrote a
"Notice of the Character of Madame de Stael," (1820,)
and " Progressive Education," (2 vols., 1828-32.) Died
in 1841.

See SBNEBIER, " Histoire litte'raire de Geneve."

Necker, nek'ker, [Fr. pron. ni'kaik',] (JACQUES,) an
eminent Swiss financier, and prime minister of France,
Dorn at Geneva in September, 1732. On leaving col-
lege he became a clerk in a banking-house in Paris, and,
having acquired a large fortune as partner of the great
banker Thelusson, he retired from business in the prime
of life, and aspired to public honours and more brilliant
financial achievements. In 1773 he gained the prize
offered by the French Academy for a eulogy on Col-
bert, and published a treatise on the corn-laws, "Sur la
Legislation des Grains." The disorder of the finances was
so alarming that, without regard to official routine, he
was appointed director of the treasury in 1776, and
director-general of the finances in 1777. By publicity,
order, and economy, he restored the public credit and
lightened the burdens of the people. His famous
compte rendu of 1781 (which was the first public exposi-
tion of the revenue and expenses of the State) was re-
ceived with great favour ; but his reforms made for him
many enemies at court and elsewhere. To defend him-
self against their intrigues, he asked for a seat in the
council, which was refused because he was a Protestant.
He immediately resigned, (1781,) and retired to Coppet,
on Lake Leman.

In 1784 he published his excellent work "On the Ad-
ministration of the Finances," of which eighty thousand
copies were sold in a few days. The convocation of
the States-General was decreed by the royal council in
August, 1788. The court was convinced that the skill
of Necker was indispensable in the political and financial
crisis that followed. He succeeded Brienne as prime



a, e, f, o, u, y, long: 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, ii, J, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fall, fat; m8t; n&t; cootl; moon;



NECKER



1805



NEES



minister, or contrdleur-ge'ne'ral of finances, about Sep-
tember i, 1788, and the next day the funds rose 30 per
cent. He favoured the Revolution by granting to the
Titri-tat a double number of deputies. He is censured
for this concession, and for temporizing in the contest
between the Titrs-tat and the other orders after the
meeting of the States-General in 1789. The court having
adopted more violent measures than he approved, he
tendered his resignation, (June 23,) which was not ac-
cepted. On the nth of July he was suddenly dismissed
by a note from the king, who ordered him to leave the
kingdom privately ; and the same night he departed foi
Brussels. Indignant at his dismissal, the populace of
Paris rose in arms, stormed the Bastille, and obtained a
bloody triumph over the court. Necker was recalled on
the 2ist of July, and, when he entered Paris, was received
with enthusiastic demonstrations by the people. His
first act was an amnesty for political offences. But he
was too conservative to satisfy the popular party, and
resigned his office in September, 1790. He passed the
rest of his life at Coppet, where he wrote several political
and religious treatises. Died in 1804. The highly-gifted
Madame de Stael was his daughter.

See MADAME DE STA*L, " Vie prive'e de M. Jacques Necker,"
1804 ; DROZ, " Histoire du Regne de Louis XVI ;" THIERS, " His-
tory of the French Revolution ;" LANJUINAIS. " Etudes biographiques
ur'AntoineArnauld, P. Nicole et J. Necker," 1823; SAINTE-BEUVH,
"Causeries du Lundi ;" A. L. DE STAftL-HoLSTElN, "Notice sur
Neuter," 1821; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" "Edinburgh
Review" for January, 1803, (by SYDNEY SMITH.)

Necker, (Louis ALBERT,) a Swiss naturalist, born at
Geneva in 1786, was a son of Albertine A. de Saussure-
Necker. He published " Le Regne mineral ramene' aux
Methodes de 1'Histoire naturelle," (2 vols., 1835.)

Nec'ker, (NoEL JOSEPH,) a botanist, born in Flanders
in 1729, gave special attention to mosses. He wrote,
besides other works, a Description of the Wild Plants
of France and Belgium, ("Delicias Gallo-Belgicae Syl-
vestres," 2 vols., 1768,) and " Methodus Muscorum,"
(1771.) Died in 1793.

See P. R. WILLEMBT, " Notice sur la Vie de N. J. Necker," 1794.

Necker, (SUSANNE Curchod ku'R'sho',) an accom-
plished and literary Swiss lady, born at Grassier in 1 739.
She was intimate in her youth with Gibbon the historian,
who wished to marry her ; but his father opposed the
match. She was married to M. Necker in 1764. Her
salon in Paris was the resort of the most eminent authors,
including Buffon, Diderot, and D'Alembert She founded
a hospital in Paris which bears her name. She died in
1794, leaving manuscripts which her husband published
under the title of " Melanges," (5 vols., 1798-1802.)

See GIBBON, "Memoirs;" GRIMM, " Correspondance ;" MARMON-
TEL, " Me'moires."

Neck'e-re, de, (LEO RAYMOND,) D.D., a bishop, born
at Wevelgham, in Belgium, June 6, 1800, was educated
at Roulers and Ghent. In 1817 he emigrated to America,
became a Catholic priest in 1822, and soon was made a
professor in the seminary at Saint Mary's, Missouri, and
superior of the Lazarist Community there. In 1830 he
was consecrated Bishop of New Orleans, where he died,
September 4, 1833.

Neck'ham or Nec'kam, written also Necnam,
(ALEXANDER,) an English monk and Latin poet, born
at Saint Alban's or Hartford about 1150. He wrote, in
elegant Latin, several works, among which is a long
scientific and descriptive poem, "De Naturis Rerum."
Died in 1227.

See CAVB, "Historia Literaria," etc

Nec-tan'a-bis or Neo-tan'e-be, [Gr. Nerivc./5if or
Nfnejrave/J^c,] King of Egypt, began to reign about 360
B.C. He waged war against Artaxerxes III. of Persia,
who invaded and conquered Egypt about 350 B.C. Nee-
tanabis was the last king of the Sebennite dynasty.

Nec-ta'rI-us, [Nwupiof,] a Greek prelate, became
Patriarch of Constantinople in 381 A.D. His moderation
is said to have been exemplary. He died in 397, and
was succeeded by Chrysostom.

Ne, na, (FRANCOIS DENIS,) a French engraver, born
in Paris about 1732. He engraved many landscapes and
plates for illustrated works, among which is "Tableaux
pittoresques de la Suisse." Died in 1818.

See BASAN, " Dictionnaire des Graveurs."



Neeb, nap, QOHANN,) a German philosopher, born
near Hanau in 1767. He published several works op
philosophy. Died in 1843.

Nee'dell, (MARY ANNA,) an English novelist,
born at London in 1830. Her maiden name was
Lupton. She married I. H. Needell, and later John
Hodder. She began writing in 1851 with "Ada
Gresham," and after iSSl published numerous novels,
some of the best known of which are "Julian Kars-
lake's Secret, "( 1881,) " Stephen Ellicott's Daughter,"
(1891,) and " The Vengeance of James Vansittart,"

(1895-)

Needbam, need'am, (JOHN TURBERVILLE,) F.R.S.,
an English naturalist, born in London in 1713, was a
Roman Catholic priest. He published "New Micro-
scopical Discoveries," (1745,) and a treatise on genera-
tion, in French, " Idee sommaire, ou Vue gene'rale du
Systeme physique et metaphysique sur la Generation,"
(1780.) He became director of the Academy of Science*
at Brussels, where he died in 1781.

Needham, (MARCHMONT,) an English political writer
born at Burford in 1620. He supported the cause of the
Parliament in his " Mercurius Britannicus," a weekly
journal, (1643-47,) and that of the king in his "Mercu-
rius Pragmaticus." In 1649 he again changed sides,
and became editor of the "Mercurius Politicus," an
organ of the Independents. His most remarkable work
was a "Discourse on the Excellency of a Free State
over a Kingly Government." Died in 1678.

Needham, (WALTER,) an English anatomist, studied
at Oxford, and practised medicine in London. He be-
came a Fellow of the Royal Society about 1667. He
wrote an able treatise " De Formato Fcetu." Died in
1691.

Neefs, nafs, or Neef, naf, (PETER,) THE ELDER, a
Dutch painter, born at Antwerp about 1 565. He excelled
in perspective, and in representing the interiors of Gothic
churches and convents, illuminated. The figures in hia
pictures are generally painted by Breughel, Teniers, and
others. His " Cathedral of Antwerp" is esteemed a
master-piece. Died in 1651. His son, PETER MARTIN,
THE YOUNGER, imitated his father's style, but did not
equal him.

Neele, neel, (HENRY,) an English poet, born in Lon-
don in 1798, was an attorney. He wrote "Dramatic
Scenes," " The Romance of History," and other works.
Died in 1828.

Nee'iy, (HENRY ADAMS,) D.D., an American bishop,
born in Fayetteville, New York, May 14, 1830, graduated
at Hobart College in 1849, and became a priest of the
Episcopal Church in 1854. In 1867 he was consecrated
Bishop of Maine. Died in 1899.

Neer, van der, vSn der nair, (AART or ARNOLD,) a
Dutch landscape-painter, born at Amsterdam about
1619. His moonlight scenes, winter landscapes, and
pictures into which water is introduced, are ranked
among the finest productions of the kind. Died in
1683.

Neer, van der, (EGLON HENDRIK,) son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Amsterdam in 1643. He studied
under Vanloo, and attained eminence as a painter of
landscapes, portraits, and historical pieces. Died in 1703.

See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peintres Hollandais," etc

Neercassel, van, vin naiR'kas's?!, (JAN,) a Dutch
bishop and writer, born at Gorcum in 1623. He was the
only Roman Catholic bishop in Holland. He wrote,
besides other works, " Amor Poenitens, seu de recto Usu
Clavium," (1683.) Died in 1686.

Neea von Eseiibeck, nas fon a'zen-beV, (CHRIS
TIAN GOTTFRIED,) a German botanist, born in 1776.
He became professor of natural history at Bonn about
1819, and afterwards lectured at Breslau. Among his


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 177 of 425)