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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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numerous works are a " Manual of Botany," (2 vols.,
1821,) and "Bryologia Germanica," (2 vols., 1823-51.)
Died in 1858.

Nees von Esenbeck, (THEODOR FRIEDRICH LUD-
WIG,) a botanist, a brother of the preceding, was burn
near Erbach in 1787. He wrote several botanical works.
Died in 1837.



cas k; c, as /; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,g}ittural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. ( J^=*See Explanations!, p



NEFFTZER



1806



NELEE



Nefftzer, neit'ser, (AUGUSTE,) a French journalist,
horn at Colmar in 1820. He was assistant editor (1844-
57) of the Paris "Presse." Died in 1876.

Nefi, nefee, a distinguished Turkish satirist, who
flourished in the seventeenth century.

Negelein, na'geh-lin', (JOACHIM,) a German theolo-
gian and numismatist, born at Nuremberg in 1675 ; died
in 1749.

Neg'ley, (JAMES S.,) an American genera], born in
AHeghany county, Pennsylvania, in 1826. In 1861 he
raised a brigade, which he commandeJ in Tennessee in
1862. He took command of the post of Nashville in
September of that year, and led a division at Stone
River, December 31, i862-January 2, 1863. For his
conduct in this battle he was raised to the rank of major-
general, in which capacity he served at the battle of
Chickamauga, September 19 and 20, 1863.

Negrelli-Moldelbe, von, fon na-gRel'lee mol-dll'-
beh, (ALOIS,) an engineer, born in the Tyrol in 1799.
He constructed the first railroad in Austria, (finished in
1841,) and other railroads. Died in 1858.

NegrL See NEGRO.

Negri, na'gRee, (FRANCESCO,) a learned Italian eccle-
siastic of Ravenna. He travelled in Denmark, Sweden,
and Norway, and returned home in 1666. The results
of his observations appeared in a work entitled "Travels
in the North." Died in 1698.

Negri, (FRANCESCO VINCENZO,) an Italian scholar
and writer, born at Venice in 1769. He wrote a "Life
of Apostolo Zeno," (1816,) and other works. Died in
1827.

See TIPALDO, "Notizie della Vita di F. Negri," 1835; G. J.
FONTANA, "Elogio di F. Negri," 1829.

Negri, (GIOVANNI FRANCESCO,) an Italian antiquary
ind artist, born at Bologna in 1593. He founded two
Academies, namely, the /ndistinti, devoted to the arts
of design, and the Indomiti, (1640.) Died in 1659.

Negri, (GlROLAMo,) an Italian classical scholar, born
at Venice in 1494. He died in 1577, leaving "Orationes
ot Epistols," (1579.)

Negri, (GlULio,) an Italian Jesuit and biographer,
born at Ferrara in 1648. He rendered an important
service to literary history by his "Storia degli Scrittori
Fiorentini," (" History of the Florentine Authors," 1722.)
Died in 1720.

Negri or Neri, na'ree, (PiETRO MARTINE,) a skilful
Italian painter of history and portraits, born at Cremona,
Nourished in 1600.

Negrier, ni'gRg-4', (FRANC.OIS MARIE CASIMIR,) a
French general, born at Mans in 1788. He served in
Algeria, and was killed in Paris by the insurgents in
June, 1848.

Negro, na'gRo, or Negri, na'gRee, (FRANCESCO,) an
Italian philologist and Reformer, born at Bassano in
1500, embraced Protestantism, and removed to Ger-
many. He published several works. Died about 1560.

See G. B. ROBEKTI, " Notiiie della Vita e delle Opcre di F.
Negri," 1839.

Negruzzi, ni-gRoot'see, (CONSTANTINE,) a Moldavian
poet, born in 1809. He wrote, besides other works, a
historical poem. Died in 1868.

Ne-he-mi'ah, [ Heb. rrnnj ; Fr. N^HiMiE, ni'-
A'me',] a Hebrew governor and writer, was cup-bearer
to Artaxerxes, King of Persia, who appointed him
Governor of Judea about 445 B.C. He probably wrote
the book of the Old Testament which bears his name.

Nehemie. See NEHEMIAH.

Neher, na'er, (BERNARD,) a German historical painter,
born at Biberach in 1806. He painted frescos at Munich
and in the palace of the grand duke at Weimar. These
represent scenes from the dramas of Schiller and the
works of Goethe. Died January 17, 1886.

Nehlig, ni-leg', (VICTOR,) a French-American painter,
born in 1830, in Paris. He was a pupil of Cogniet and
Abel de Pujol, and in 1856 came to America. In 1870
he was chosen a National Academician. Among his
pictures are " The Artist's Dream," " Pocahontas," " The
Captive Huguenot,"" Hiawatha and Minnehaha,"" Ger-
trude of Wyoming," and other scenes from American
history and tradition.

Neidhardt. See GNEISENAU.



Neidhart von Neuenthal, nit'haRt fon noi'en-tlT,
one of the principal German lyric poets of the thirteenth
century, was a native of Bavaria. The best collection
of his songs is that published by Beneke in his "Contri-
butions to the Knowledge of the Old German Language
and Literature."

Neigebaur, m'geh-bowR', (JOHANN DANIEL FERDI-
NAND,) a German traveller and writer, born in Silesia
in 1783. He published books of travel and descriptions
of Italy, France, and other countries of Europe, which
are said to be well written. Died March 23, 1866.

Neikter, mk'ter, (JOSEPH FREDERIK,) a Swedish
archseologist and writer, obtained the chair of eloquence
at Upsal in 1787. Died in 1803.

Neill, (EDWARD DUFFIELD,) an American author,
born in Philadelphia, August 9, 1823. He graduated at
Amherst College in 1842, and was for a time a Presby-
terian minister, but became an Episcopalian. In 1858
he became chancellor of the University of Minnesota,
and in 1872 was made provost of Jesus College, and
afterwards president of Macalester College at Minneap-
olis. He published a "History of Minnesota," "Terra
Mariae," " English Colonization in America," and other
works. Died September 26, 1893.

Neil], neel, JAMES GEORGE SMITH,) a British general,
born about 1810. He rendered important services in
India during the mutiny of the Sepoys, and was killed
at the siege of Lucknow, in September, 1857.

Neill, neel, (PATRICK,) a Scottish naturalist and hor-
ticulturist, born in 1776. He followed the trade of a
printer in Edinburgh, and published a " Tour through
some of the Islands of Orkney and Shetland," (1806,)
and "The Fruit, Flower, and Kitchen Garden," (1839.)
Died in 1851.

Neil'son, (LILIAN ADELAIDE,) an English actress,
born near Saragossa, in Spain, March 3, 1850. Till
1862 she lived chiefly on the Continent. Her debut was
made at Margate in 1865, where her beauty and grace
won a very marked success. Her most celebrated part
was Juliet. She married Philip Lee in 1872, was di-
vorced in 1877, an d died in Paris, August 15, 1880.

Neipperg. von, fon nip'peRG, (ALBRECHT ADAM,)
COUNT, an Austrian general, born about 1774. He dis-
tinguished himself in several campaigns, and rose to a
high rank in the army. He was appointed cavalier
d'honneur to the empress Maria Louisa about 1815.
He is said to have married her secretly. Died in 1829.

Neipperg, von, (\VILHELM,) an Austrian field-mar-
shal in the service of Francis I. and Maria Theresa, was
born in 1684, and was the grandfather of the preceding.
In 1739 he concluded the disadvantageous peace of Bel-

rade, and in 1741 was defeated by Frederick the Great
at Mollwitz. He retained the favour of his sovereigns,
however, and was made imperial counsellor of war, and
commander of Vienna. Died in 1774.

Neith, neth, or Nit, nit, an ancient goddess of the
Egyptians, worshipped especially at Sais, and elsewhere
'n the Delta. She was sometimes identified with Athena.

Nekrasoff, nek-ri'sof, (NIKOLAI,) a Russian poet and
Nihilist, born in 1821. He owned and ably conducted
:he " Sovremennik, ("The Contemporary,") a monthly
magazine, by means of which Nihilistic opinions attained
a vast currency among the university students. Died in
1877.

Nelaton, na'13"t6N', (AUGUSTE,) an eminent French
surgeon, born in Paris in 1807, graduated in 1836, and
Became professor of surgery to the Faculty of Medicine,
Paris, in 1851. He published, besides other treatises.
'Elements of Pathological Surgery," (5 vols., 1844-61,)
which is called a capital work. He was admitted into
the Academy of Sciences in 1867. He was employed
professionally by Napoleon III. Died Sept. 22, 1873.

Neledinsky Meletzky, na-li-den'ske ml-l<5t'skee,
YOORII,) an eminent Russian lyric poet, born in Mos-
cow in 1751. He was patronized by the emperor Paul,
who conferred upon him a valuable estate and several
lonorary distinctions. His songs are among the most
admired productions of the kind in the language. Died
n 1829.

See GRHTCH, " Essai historique aur la Litterature Kusse- '

Nelee. See NELEUS.



, e, T, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; -_. e, j, o, ob:curt; l!r, fill, tat; met; n&t; good; moon;



NELEUS



1807



NEMOURS



Neaeus, [Gr. Ni/Xefir; Fr. NBLEE, na'li',] a mythical
personage, said to be a son of Neptune (or, according to
some authorities, of Cretheus) and Tyro. Neleus and
his brother Pelias disputed for the throne of lolchos,
which the latter obtained. Neleus afterwards became
King of Pylos and the father of Nestor and other sons.
According to some writers, he was killed by Hercules.

Neller, nel'ler, (GEORG CHRISTOPH,) a German canon-
ist and antiquary, born in 1710; died in 1783.

Nelli, nel'lee, (PiETRO,) an Italian satirical poet of
the sixteenth century, was a native of Sienna. His satires
were published in 1546.

Nelli, de', da nel'lee, (GIAMBATTISTA,) an Italian
architect, born at Florence in 1661. He wrote a "Treat-
ise on Architecture," (1753.) Died in 1725.

Nelli, de', (GIAMBATTISTA CLEMENTE,) an Italian
writer, born at Florence in 1725, was a son of the pre-
ceding. Among his works is a " Life of Galileo," (1793.)
Died in 1793.

Nel'spn, (DAVID,) an American Presbyterian divine
and eloquent preacher, born near Jonesborough, Ten-
nessee, in 1793. He became pastor of a church at Dan-
ville, Kentucky, in 1828, and subsequently assisted in
founding a college in Marion county, Missouri, of which
he was appointed president. His work entitled " The
Cause and Cure of Infidelity" enjoys a high reputation,
and has passed through numerous editions. Dr. Nelson
was an earnest advocate for the abolition of slavery.
Died in 1844.

Nel'spn, (HORATIO,) LORD, a British naval hero and
admiral of the first order, born at Burnham Thorpe, in
Norfolk, on the 2gth of September, 1758, was the son
of Rev. Edmund Nelson and Catherine Suckling. He
was endowed with great intrepidity and energy, and pos-
sessed a generous, impetuous temper. He went to sea
about the age of thirteen, served a number of years in
the East Indies, and took part in several actions of the
American war. In 1779 he became a post-captain, and
in 1787 married the widow of Dr. Nisbet, of the island
of Nevis. He obtained command of a ship in the Medi-
terranean fleet in 1793, contributed to the victory over
the Spaniards at Saint Vincent in 1797, and was raised
to the rank of rear-admiral in the same year. His next
enterprise was an attack on Teneriffe, where he was
repulsed, with the loss of his right arm.

In 1798 he attempted to intercept the passage of the
French armament to Egypt, but missed it, until he over-
took it in Aboukir Bay, where in August he gained the
decisive battle of the Nile. For this service he was re-
warded with the title of Baron Nelson of the Nile, and
a pension of .3000. While he was employed on the
coast of Naples, (1799,) he became fascinated by the
pernicious influence of Lady Hamilton, and tarnished
his fame by executing Prince Carraccioli and other re-
publicans, who were sacrificed to the vengeance of the
court of Naples. Soon after these events he separated
from his wife, who was supplanted in his affections by
Lady Hamilton. He was second in command under Sir
Hyde Parker of the armament sent against Copenhagen
in 1801 ; but the honour of the victory at the battle of
the Baltic is ascribed to Nelson. In the midst of the
battle, Parker having made a signal to retreat, Nelson
put a spy-glass to his blind eye and exclaimed, " I really
don't see the signal." " He had won the day," says
Southey, " by disobeying orders." For this success he
was raised to the rank of viscount.

War against France having been renewed in 1803, he
took the command of the Mediterranean fleet, hoisted
his flag on the Victory, and watched the French fleet off
Toulon for more than a year. In May, 1805, he sailed
for the West Indies in pursuit of Admiral Villeneuve,
but was disappointed, and the hostile fleet returned safely
to Europe, followed by the English admiral. He then
went home and proposed to suspend his active service,
but was re-appointed in September, 1805, in accordance
with the general wishes of the nation, by whom he was
more idolized than almost any other man had been.
On the 2 ist of October, (1805,) with twenty-seven sail
of the line and four frigates, he attacked the combined
French and Spanish fleets, of forty ships, under Ville-
ne ive. near Cape Trafalgar. Before the fight began, he



gave the famous signal, " England expects every man to
do his duty." The English gained a complete victory,
but Nelson was mortally wounded by a musket-ball fired
from the Redoutable, which was in close proximity to
the flag-ship, the Victory. He is eulogized by Southey
as " the greatest naval hero of our own and of all former
times."

See R. SOUTHEY, " Life of Nelson," 1813 : J. S. CLARKE, "Life
of Admiral Lord Nelson," 1809; THOMAS PETTIGREW, "Memoirs
of Lord Nelson," 1849; J. M. TUCKER, "Memoirs of the Life of
Lord Nelson," 1847; JOSEPH ALLEN, "Life of Viscount Nelson,"
'853; JOHN CHARNOCK, "Memoirs of Lord Nelson," 1806.

Nelson, (KNUTE,) a United States Senator, born
in Norway in 1843 and brought to the United States
in 1849. He took part in the civil war, became a
lawyer, served in the Wisconsin and Minnesota legis-
latures, and was a member of Congress 1883-89. He
was Governor of Minnesota 1892-95, and was elected
to the United States Senate in 1895.

Nelson, (ROBERT,) an English devotional writer, born
in London in 1656. Among his works we may name
"The Whole Duty of a Christian," and "Practice of
True Devotion." In 1680 he was chosen a Fellow of
the Royal Society. He was an intimate friend of Arch-
bishop Tillotson and of Dr. Halley. Died in 1715.

Nelson, (ROGER,) an American general, who. served
in the Revolutionary war. He represented a district of
Maryland in Congress for several terms, (1804-10.) Died
in i8'i$.

Nelson, (SAMUEL,) an American judge, born in the
State of New York. He became an associate justice of
the supreme court of the United States in 1845. He
concurred in the decision of the court in the Dred Scott
case, (1857.) Died December 13, 1873.

Nelson, (THOMAS,) an American patriot, and signer
of the Declaration of Independence, born at York, in
Virginia, in 1738. He was educated at Cambridge, Eng-
land, and alter his return was elected to the Congress
of 1775. He was subsequently appointed brigadier-
general and commander-in-chief of the forces of the
commonwealth. In 1781 he succeeded Jefferson as
Governor of Virginia. Died in 1789.

See GOODRICH, " Lives of the Signers to the Declaration of In-
dependence."

Nelson, (WILLIAM,) an American general, born at
Maysville, Kentucky, in 1825. He served in the navy,
and obtained the rank of master in 1854. In September,
1861, he was appointed a brigadier-general of the Union
army. He commanded a division at the battle of Shiloh,
April, 1862. He was killed in a private quarrel at Louis-
ville in September, 1862, by Jefferson C. Davis.

Ne-me-sl-a'nus, [Fr. NEMESIEN, na'ma'zg^N',]
(MARCUS AURELIUS OLYMPIUS,) a Latin poet, born at
Carthage. He lived at the court of the emperor Carus
in 283 A.D. His works are lost, except fragments of a
poem on hunting, entitled " Cynegetica," the style of
which is commended for purity.

Nemesieii. See NEMESIANUS.

Nem'e-sis, [Gr. N,I(HC, from ve/iu, to "deal out,"
to "distribute ;" Fr. NEMESIS, ni'ma'sess',] a personage
of Greek mythology, represented as a daughter of Night
or Erebus. She was the goddess of retribution, and the
divinity who rectified the errors of partial and capricious
Fortune. At Rhammus, in Attica, there was a celebrated
temple dedicated to Nemesis.

Ne-me'sl-us, [N^oioc,] a Greek philosopher, who
lived probably between 350 and 450 A.D. He is styled
Bishop of Emesa. He wrote an ingenious treatise on
physiology and psychology, entitled " On the Nature cf
Man," ( Tlepl <pijactj<; avdpunov.) It contains a passag*
which suggests an idea of the circulation of the blood.

See HAI.LER, " Bibliotheca Anatomica."

Nemours, de, (GASTON DE Foix,) Due. See Fprx.

Nemours, de, deh neh-mooR', (HENRI de Savoie
d?h st'vwa',) Due, a French general, a son of Jacques,
noticed below, (1531-85,) was born in Paris in 1572.
He joined the League about 1588, but entered the ser-
vice of Henry IV. a few years later. Died in 1632.

Nemours, de, (JACQUES d'Armagnac dlR'min'-
ySk',) Due, born about 1437, was a son of Bernard
d'Armagnac. In 1465 he joined the league of the Bitn



/fc, 1 c.as.r; %hard; g as ;'; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; f.,trilled; sasz; thasin//5w.



Explanations, p. 23.)



NEMOURS



1808



NEREIDS



public against Louis XI. He was executed, on a charge
of treason, in 1477.

See SISMONDI, "Histoire des Francais:" BARANTE, "Histoire
des Dues de Bourgogne. "

Nemours, de, (JACQUES DE SAVOY,) Due, a distin-
guished French general, born in Champagne in 1531,
was the son of Philip, Due de Genevois and de Ne-
mours, whose sister Louise was the mother of King
Francis I. He fought against the Protestants in the
civil war, and distinguished himself at the battle of
Saint-Denis, in 1567. He opposed the ambitious designs
of the Guise family, and took no part in the civil war be-
tween the League and the king. Died in 1585.

See BRANTSME. "Vies des grands Capitaines."

Nemours, de, (Louis D'ARMAGNAC,) Due, a French
military commander, born about 1472, was a son of
Jacques, noticed above. He served in Italy against the
Spaniards, and was made Viceroy of Naples by Louis
XII. He was killed in the battle of Cerignola, while
opposing Gonsalvo de Cordova, (1503.) He was the last
of the family of Armagnac, and the duchy of Nemours
was given to Gaston de Foix in 1505.

See SISMONDI, " Histoire des Francais ;" SAINT-GKLAIS, " His-
toire de Louis XII."

Nemours, de, (Louis CHARLES PHILIPPE RAPHAEL
d'Orleaiis <]oR'la'6N',) Due, a French prince, a son
of King Louis Philippe, was born in 1814. He was
chosen King of Belgium by a congress of that nation in
1831, but was compelled by his father to decline the
offer. He served in the army in Algeria, and obtained
the rank of lieutenant-general in 1837. After the death
of his elder brother (1842) he was recognized as future
regent in case the king should die during the minority
of his heir, the Count of Paris. On the abdication of
Louis Philippe (1848) he waived his claim to the re-
gency in favour of the Duchess of Orleans, whom he
attended when she presented herself, with her son, before
the Chamber of Deputies. Died June 25, 1896.

See A. PASCAL, " Le Due de Nemours, son Pass* et son Avenir
poiitique," 1843.

Nemours, de, (MARIE D'ORLEANS,) DUCHESSE,
daughter of the Duke of Longueville, was born in 1625,
and married in 1657 to Henry of Savoy, Duke of Ne-
mours. She died in 1707, leavkig interesting " Memoirs'"
of her life and times, which were published in 1709.

See VILLHFORH, "Vie de Madame de Longueville:" SAINT-
SIMON, " M^moires,"

Nen'nl-ua, one of the early British chroniclers, is>
stated by some writers to have lived in the seventh, and
by others in the ninth, century. He was the author of
a " History of the Britons," (" Historia Britonum," or
" Elogium Britanniae,") first published in Gale's " Col-
lection of English Historians," (1691.)

See WRIGHT, "Biographia Britannica Literaria."

N^obar, na'o'blR', (CoNRAD,) a learned printer, of
German extraction, was patronized by Francis I. in
Paris. Died in 1540.

Ne'o-phron, [Nfotyxjv,] an Athenian tragic poet,
flourished in the fifth century B.C. Only small frag-
ments of his works are extant.

Neoptoleme. See NEOPTOLEMUS.

Ne-op-tol'f-mus, [Gr. NetmroXc/wf ; Fr. NEOPTO-
LEME, ni'op'to'lam',] also called Pyrrhus, a fabulous
Greek warrior, was a son of Achilles. He was one of
the heroes concealed in the wooden horse at the siege
of Troy. According to Virgil, he killed Priam at the
capture of Troy, (" .flineid," book ii. 546.) In the dis-
tribution of captives, he obtained Andromache, widow
of Hector.

Neoptolemus, a Macedonian general in the service
of Alexander the Great After the death of Alexander
he became governor of Armenia, and united with An-
tipater in a hostile movement against Perdiccas and
Eumenes. He was killed in battle by Eumenes, whom
he encountered in single combat, about 320 B.C.

Neoptolemus, King of Epirus, was a cousin-german
of Alexander the Great He began to reign in 302 B.C.
He was assassinated by order of the celebrated Pyrrhus.
who became king.

Nepair or Neper. See NAPIER, (JOHN.)

Nepomucene. See NEPOMUK.



Nepomucenus. See NEPOMUK.

Nepomuk, na'po-mook', or Nepomucky, ni-po
moots'kee, [Lat. NEPOMUCE'NUS ; Fr. NEPOMUCENK,
na'po'mu'san',] (JoHN,) the patron saint of Bohemia,
born at Nepomuk about 1330. Having given offence to
King Wenzel, he was drowned, by his orders, in the
Moldau, (1383.) He was canonized by Pope Innocent
XIII. in 1721.

See BALBINUS, "Vita Nepomuceni," 1680; JOHANNEAUD, "Jean
Nipomucene," 1851; PASSI, "Vita di S. Giovanni Neporauceno,"
1729.

Ne'pos, (CORNELIUS,) a celebrated Roman historian
of the time of Julius Caesar. He was an intimate friend
of Cicero and Atticus, and dedicated to the latter his
" Vitae Excellentium Imperatorum," (" Lives of the Illus-
trious Generals.") This work, which is his only one
extant, is distinguished for the purity and graceful sim-
plicity of its style, and has been generally adopted as a
class-book in schools and colleges.

See J. C F. BABHR, " Geschichte der Romischen Literatur:"
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Nepos, (FLAVIUS JULIUS,) was created Emperor of the
West, A.D. 473, by Leo X., the Emperor of the East He
concluded a peace with Euric, King of the Visigoths, to
whom he ceded a portion of Gaul. In 475 Orestes, a
native of Pannonia, marched against Nepos, defeated
him, and proclaimed his own son Romulus Emperor of
the West In 480 Nepos was assassinated at Salon. i.

See GIBBON. " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."

Nep'tune, [Lat NEPTU'NUS,] the god of the sea, a
Roman divinity, identified with the Posei'don of the
Greek mythology. He was said to be a son of Saturn
and Rhea, the brother of Jupiter, and the father of Triton.
His wife was Amphitrite. He was regarded as equal in
dignity to Jupiter, but inferior in power. The poets
feigned that he once conspired with Apollo and Juno
against Jupiter, that he built the walls of Troy for Lao-
medon, and that he resented the perfidy of that king by
fighting against the Trojans at the siege of Troy. Nep-
tune and Minerva disputed for the possession of Attica,
or for the honour of naming its capital, and the gods
decided that the preference should be given to the one
who should bestow on man the most valuable gift.
Neptune, with a stroke of his trident, produced the war-
horse, and Minerva created the olive, which was judged
to be the more useful of the two. He is also fabled to
have disputed with Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva for the
sovereignty of several other countries. The symbol of
his power was the trident, with which he shook the solid
land and controlled the stormy sea. The poets describe
him as riding in a chariot drawn by horses on the surface
of the sea, the waves of which subside at his approach,
and attended by a retinue of marine monsters which
play around him. Besides his residence on Olympus,
he had a fine palace in the depth of the sea near yEgae.

Neptunus. See NEPTUNE.

Nera'tius (ne-ra'she-us) Pris'cua, a Roman jurist
ander the reigns of Trajan and Adrian, whose favour
and patronage he enjoyed. He was the author of nume-
rous books on the Roman law, which have been often
quoted by later jurists.

See SICKEL, "De Neratio Pnsco," 1788.

Neraz, ni'riz', (JEAN CLAUDE,) D.D., a bishop, born
at Anse, (Rh6ne,) in France, January 12, 1829, studied
divinity in Lyons, became in 1853 a Catholic priest in
Texas, and in 1881 was consecrated Bishop of San An-
tonio.

Nerciat, de, deh ntR'se'a',( ANDRE ROBERT ANDREA,)
a French littirattur, born at Dijon in 1739. He wrote
several licentious novels. About 1790 he emigrated to
Naples, and gained the favour of Queen Caroline. Died
in 1800.

Neree. See NEREUK.

Neree, ni'ra', (R. J.,) a French poet, lived in the
time of Henry IV., and wrote a drama entitled "The
Triumph of the League," (1607.)

Ne're-ids, [Gr. Nmj^Mef, sing. Ni/prff ; Lat. NERE'-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 178 of 425)