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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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IDES ; Fr. NEREIDES, na'ra'ed',] the daughters of Nereus,
were sea-nymphs or mermaids of Greek mythology. The
number of the Nereids was fifty. Among them were
Amphitrite and Thetis, the mother of Achilles. The Ne-



*.. e, I, 6, u, y, long; a, e, o, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fat; mSt; nflt; good; moon.



NEREIS



1809



NERVAL



reids were represented originally as beautiful maidens,
and sometimes as half woman and half fish.

Ne're-is or Ne-rel-ne, a name given to each of the
NEREIDS, which see.

Ne'reus, [Gr. Ni/prir ; Fr. N6 RE, ni'ra',1 a marine
divinity of classic mythology, called a son of Pontus and
the Earth, and the father of the Nereids. He was repre-
sented as a wise and prophetic old man of the sea, at the
bottom of which he lived. The poets feigned that he
could assume various forms, like Proteus, and would only
reveal the future when, having exhausted his powers of
transformation, he was reduced to his original shape.
Hercules is said to have seized him and extorted from
him some secret respecting the golden apples of the
Hesperides.

Neri See NEGRI, (PIETRO MARTINE.)

Neri, na'ree, (ANTONIO,) an Italian chemist, born at
Florence, lived about 1570-90. He wrote a work "On
the Art of making Glass," (1592,) often reprinted.

Neri, [Lat. NE'RIUS,] (FiLiPPO,) called SAINT PHILIP
NERI, an Italian ecclesiastic, born at Florence in 1515.
He founded about 1548 the Congregation of the Priests
of the Oratory, the members of which, without taking
a monastic vow, were required to live in the exer-
cise of devotion and charity and apply themselves to
theological studies. He was the first to introduce the
musical entertainments called oratorios, from their being
performed in a chapel or oratorio. He died in 1595,
and Baronius, afterwards cardinal, succeeded him as
general of the order. Neri was canonized by Gregory
XV. in 1622.

See F. W. FABER, "Spirit and Genius of Saint Philip Neri,"
1850; A. GALLONIO, "Vita beati Philippi Nerii," Rome. 1600:
"Vita Ph Nerii," Munich, 1611 ; L. BERTRAND, " Vida y Hechos
de S. Felipe Neri." 1613: P. G. BACCI, "Vitadi S. Filippo Neri,"
1622: A. VASQUEZ, "S. Felipe Neri Epitome de sua Vida," 1651 ;
D. M. MANNI, " Raggionamenti sulla Vita di F. Neri," 1786 ; "Vie
de Saint-Philippe de Neri," (anonymous,) 1847.

Neri, (GlAMBATTlSTA,) an Italian dramatic poet, born
at Bologna about 1660 ; died in 1726.

Neri, (POMPEO,) an Italian jurist and political econo-
mist, of high reputation, was born at Florence in 1707.
He was professor of public law at Pisa, from which he
removed to Florence in 1758. He founded the Tuscan
Academy of Botany, and wrote on currency, etc. Died
in 1776.

See A. RIDOLH, "Elogio di P. Neri," 1817.

Nericault-Deatouches. See DESTOUCHES.

Nerius. See NERI, (FILIPPO.)

Nerii, neVIee, (FILIPPO,) an Italian historian, born
at Florence in 1485, was a senator and an adherent of
the Medici. He wrote a " History of Florence from
1215 to 1537," which was first published in 1728. Died
in 1556.

See a "Life of Nerii" prefixed to his History.

Ne'ro, (CAius CLAUDIUS,) a Roman soldier, who in
214 B.C. commanded a force of cavalry in the war against
Hannibal. In 212 B.C. he commanded in Spain against
Hasdrubal. In 207 he was one of the consuls, and de-
feated Hannibal, after which he joined his forces with
those of Marcus Livius, his colleague, and on the river
Metaurus totally defeated the Carthaginian army under
Hasdrubal, the brother of Hannibal, who was slain in
the battle. This was one of the most important battles
in universal history. It virtually ended the second Punic
war, and saved Rome. Nero cut off the head of Has-
drubal and threw it into Hannibal's camp. Livius had
the honour of a triumph for this victory, but historians
generally have given to Nero the principal credit.

Ne'ro, [Fr. N6RON, na'r6N'; It, NERONE, ni-ro'na,]
(Lucius DOMITIUS.) the sixth of the Roman emperors,
born in 37 A.D., was the son of Domitius Ahenobarbus
and Agrippina, daughter of Germanicus. His mother,
after becoming a widow, having married her uncle the
empc.pr Claudius, the latter adopted Nerc and gave to
him his daughter Octavia in marriage, adding to his
name truit of Claudius Drusus. On the death of Clau-
dius, who was poisoned by Agrippina, A.D. 54, Nero was
proclaimed emperor, to the exclusion of Britannicus, the
son of Claudius. The counsels of Seneca and Burrus,
who were placed at the head of government, had for a
time a salutary effect upon Nero, and the first years of



his rule were marked by kindness and j -slice ; but hi
evil passions eventually prevailed, and the remainder of
his reign was signalized by a series of atrocities. Be-
coming jealous of Britannicus, he caused him to be
poisoned, and, having soon after formed an attachment
to Poppaea, murdered his mother at her instigation and
made her his wife. He next caused Octavia, whom he
had divorced, to be put to death. In A.D. 64 Rome was
nearly destroyed by a fire which Nero was accused of
having kindled. It was said that he amused himself,
while viewing the conflagration, with reciting verses
descriptive of the fall of Troy. In order to remove sus-
picion from himself, he charged the crime upon the
Christians many of whom were in consequence subjected
to the most cruel tortures. A conspiracy formed against
the tyrant, A.D. 65, was discovered, and many distin-
guished citizens were executed, among whom were
Lucan and Seneca. Soon after this, Vindex and Galba
revolted against the emperor, who, on hearing of their
defection and that of the praetorian guards, destroyed
himself, with the assistance of a servant, A.D. 68.

See TACITUS, " Annales ;" SUETONIUS, " Vila Neropis ;" TILLK-
MONT, " Histoire des Empereurs ;" MERIVALH, "History of tha
Romans under the Empire ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale :"
DENIS DIDEROT, " Essai sur les Regnes de Claude et de NeYon,
2 vols., 1782.

Nero, a Roman prince, born about 7 A.D., was the
eldest son of Germanicus and Agrippina. After the
death of Drusus, the son of Tiberius, Nero was the next
heir to the throne. He was put to death in 29 A.D., at
the instigation of Sejanus, who contrived to excite the
suspicion of Tiberius against Nero.

Nero, del, del na'ro, or Negro, na'gRo, (ANDALONE,)
an Italian astronomer, born at Genoa about 1270. He
taught astronomy at Rome and Naples. He is highly
praised by Boccaccio, who was his pupil. Died after
1342.

See GINGUENE, " Histoire Litt^raire d'ltalie."

N6ron. See NERO.

Neroni, na-ro'nee, or Negroni, na-gRt/nee, (BARTO-
LOMMEO,) called RICCIO, an Italian painter, born at
Sienna; died in 1573.

Neroulos, ne-roo'los, (YAKOVAKIS Rizos,) a modern
Greek poet and minister of state, was born in Constan-
tinople in 1778. He wrote several tragedies, and a
"Modern History of Greece," (1828.) About 1834 he
became minister of public instruction in Greece, and in
1841 minister of foreign affairs. Died in 1850.

Neruda, ni'roo'da, (JoHANN,) a Bohemian poet, jour-
nalist, and feuilletonist, one of trie founders of the modern
Czech literature, was born at Prague in 1834. He pub-
1 lished " Knihy Versti," (" Book of Verses," 1868.) and
" Kosmicke Pisne," (" Cosmic Songs," 1879.) Died 1891.

Neruda, (\VILHELMINE,) the most famous member
of a distinguished family of violinists, born at Briinn, in
Moravia, in 1840. When very young she appeared in
concerts given by her family, which consisted of her
father, two brothers, and two sisters. In 1864 she won
a great reputation in Paris. About the same time she
married Ludwig Normann, a Swiss musician, and in
1888 Sir Charles Halle, a distinguished pianist, who
died at Manchester, England, in 1895.

Nerva, (CoccEins.) See COCCEIUS.

Ner'va, (MARCUS COCCEIUS,) a Roman emperor, bom
in Umbria in 32 A.D. He was consul with Vespasian
in 71, and with Domitian in 90 A.D. On the death of
Domitian, in the year 96, he was proclaimed emperor by
the army and the people. His administration was mild
and liberal. He recalled exiles who had been banished
by former emperors, and enforced penalties against in-
formers. He made and performed a vow that he would
not put any senator to death. His mutinous praetorian
soldiers compelled him to permit the execution of the
assassins of Domitian. He adopted Trajan as his son
and successor, and died in 98 A.D.

See TILLEMONT, " Histoire des Empereurs ;" AURELIUS VICTOR,
"DeViribus illustrious ;" J. J. DE BARRETT, " Histoire des deui
Regnes de Nerva et de Trajan," 1790.

Nerval, de, deh neR'vfl', (GERARD,) or Gerard
Labrunie, (IS'bRii'ne',) a French litttrateur, born in
Paris in 1808. He made a good translation of Goethe's
"Faust," (1828,) wrote verses, comedies, etc., aided



as k; <; as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; as z; th as in this.



( J^=See Explanations, p. 33.)



NERVES A



1810



NEUBAUER



Alexander Dumas in several works, and contributed to
the " Revue des Deux Mondes." He fell in love with
Jenny Colon, an actress, and became subject to a modi-
fied form of insanity, which did not much impair his
genius. Among his works is " Les Illumines, ou les
Pre'curseurs du Socialisme," (1852.) He died by sui-
cide in 1855. " That which he wrote," says Edouard
Thierry, " was simple and excellent, ingenious and
perfectly natural."

Nervesa, nR-va'sa, (GASPARO,) an Italian painter of
the Venetian school, born in Friuli, was a pupil of Titian.
He lived about 1540.

Nes, van, vSn re's, (JAN,) a skilful Dutch painter,
born at Delft in 1588; died in 1650.

Nes'bit or Nis'bet, (ALEXANDER,) a Scottish anti-
quary, born in Edinburgh in 1672. He wrote a work
"On Heraldry," (2 vols., 1722-42.) Died in 1725.

Nesbit, (E.,) an English poet and novelist, born
at London in 1858, and married Hubert Bland in 1879.
Among her works are " Lays and Legends," (1886,)
"Songs of Love and Empire," (1891,) "Grim Tales,"
(1893,) "In Homespun," (1896,) "The Secret of
Kyriels," (1898,) etc.

Nesimee or Nesimi. nes'e-mee, a celebrated Turk-
ish philosopher and free-thinker, flourished in the fif-
teenth century.

Nesle, de. See DENESLE,

Nesmond, de, deh nes'moN', (HENRI,) a French
prelate and eloquent preacher, born at Bordeaux about
1645. He became Bishop of Montauban in 1687, and
Archbishop of Toulouse in 1719. In 1710 he succeeded
Flechier in the French Academy. He wrote agreeable
rerses. Died in 1727.

See D'ALBMBERT, " Histoire des Membres de 1'AcadiSmie Fran
caise."

Nesse, nSss, (CHRISTOPHER,) an English noncon
formist minister, born in Yorkshire in 1621. Having
been ejected in 1662, he removed to London in 1675
and preached in that city about thirty years. He wrote
besides other works, "The History and Mystery ol
the Old and New Testament," (4 vols., 1690.) Died
in 1705.

Nessel, nes'sel, (EDMOND,) a distinguished Flemish
physician, born at Liege in 1658; died in 1731.

Nessel, nes'sel, [Lat. NESSE'LIUS,] (MARTIN,) a Ger
man teacher and Latin poet, born in Moravia in 1607 ;
died about 1680.

Nesselius. See NESSEL.

Nesselrode, von, /on nes'sel -ro'deh, (CHARLES
ROBERT,) COUNT, a Russian diplomatist, of German
extraction, was born in December, 1780, at Lisbon, where
hfs father was Russian minister. He acquired in the
early part of his life the confidence of Alexander I., and
was sent to Paris as councillor of the embassy in 1807.
Soon after this date he obtained a high office in the de-
partment of foreign affairs. He took an important part
in the negotiations which united Russia and other powers
in a coalition against Napoleon. In 1816 he became
minister of foreign affairs. Having held that post forty
years, under three successive emperors, he resigned in
1856. Died in March, 1862.

Nessi, nSs'see, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian physician, born
at Como in 1741. He wrote, besides other works, a
treatise on Obstetrics, which was translated into several
languages. Died in 1821.

Nes'suB, [Gr. NEUOOC,] a Centaur, who, according to
the fable, attempted to ravish Dejanira, the wife of Her-
cules, by whom he was killed with a poisoned arrow.
The tunic of Nessus was said to have caused the death
of Hercules.

Nes'tor, [Gr. Neorup ; It. NKSTOKK, nes-to'ri,] s
celebrated Grecian hero, said to have been a son of
Neleus, a grandson of Neptune, and a king of Pylos,
was sometimes called " the Pylian Sage." According
to tradition, he was an intimate friend of Hercules, took
part in the battle of the Lapithae against the Centaurs,
in the Calydonian hunt, and in the Argonautic expe-
dition. He was a prominent leader in the Trojan war,
although he was then past his prime ; and he was highly
esteemed as a counsellor by Agamemnon and the other
chiefs. He is described by Homer as excelling alike in



courage, wisdom, and eloquence, and is said to have
ruled over three generations of men. He had several
sons, among whom was Antilochus.

Nestor, nSs'tor, a Russian chronicler, called "the
father of Russian history," was born at Kief about 1056.
Several editions of his " Chronicle" have been pub-
lished, the best of which is that of Schlozer, entitled
" Russian Annals," (" Russischer Annalen," 1802.) Died
about 1116.

See POGODINE, "Recherches historiques sur Nestor," 1839;
GRETCH. " Essai sur 1'Histoire de la Litte"rature Russe."

Nestore, n5s-to'ri, (DiONisio,) an Italian scholar
of the fifteenth century, a native of Novara, was the
author of a vocabulary of the Latin tongue, entitled
" Onomasticon."

Nes-to'rl-us, the founder of the sect of Nestorians,
was born at Germanicia, in Syria, near the end of the
fourth century. Having become a popular preacher, he
was elected Patriarch of Constantinople in 428 A.D. He
occasioned a schism by objecting to call the Virgin
Mary the mother o/God. The dispute was fomented by
Cyril of Alexandria, who became a violent adversary
of Nestorius. A council was called at Ephestis by the
emperor Theodosius in 431 ; and, before the arrival of
John of Antioch and several other bishops, Nestorius
was deposed, on a charge of blasphemy. He was after-
wards banished to an oasis in Egypt The Nestorians
became numerous in the East, and still exist as a dis-
tinct sect in Koordistan and Mesopotamia.

See PLUQUBT, " Dictionnaire des HeVe'sies ;" SARTORJUS, " De
Nestorio Hzresiarcha ;" L. DOUCIN, " Histoire du Nestorianisme,"
1607.

Neto, na'to, (JosE SEBASTIAO,) a Portuguese cardinal,
born in 1841. In 1879 he was appointed Bishop of An-
gola, in Africa, in 1883 he was named Patriarch of Lisbon,
and in 1884 was created a cardinal-priest.

Netscher, neVsher, (CONSTANTIN,) a Dutch painter,
born at the Hague in 1670, was a son of the following.
He painted portraits with success. Died in 1722.

Netscher, neVsher, (KASPAR,) an eminent German
painter, born at Heidelberg in 1639. He excelled in
portraits and conversation-pieces, and imitated to per-
fection the lustre of velvet and satin. He is regarded
as equal in most points to Terburg and Douw. Died
in 1684. His sons, CONSTANTIN and THEODORE, were
likewise good portrait-painters.

See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peintres Allemands, Hollandais," etc. j
CHARLES BLANC, "Histoire des Peintres;" J. C. WKVERMAN, " De
Schilderkonst der Nederlandere."

Netscher, [Fr. pron. neVshaiR',] (THEODORE,) a por-
trait-painter, son of the preceding, was born at Bor-
deaux about 1664. He worked in Paris and London.
Died in 1732.

See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc

Nettelbladt, net'tel-blit', (DANIEL,) a German jurist,
born at Rostock in 1719, became director of the Uni-
versity of Halle. He wrote, among other works, a " Sys-
tem of Universal Natural Jurisprudence." Died in 1791.

Nettelbladt, von, fon net'tel-blat', sometimes writ-
tenNettlebladt, (CHRISTIAN,) BARON, a Swedish jurist,
born at Stockholm in 1696; died in 1775.

Nettement, neVm6N', (ALFRED FRANCOIS,) a French
journalist, born in Paris in 1805. He published, besides
other works, a " History of the Revolution of July, 1830,"
(2 vols., 1833,) and a " History of French Literature
under the Reign of Louis Philippe." Died in 1869.

Net'ter, (THOMAS,) surnamed WALDENSIS, an Eng-
lish monk, noted as an opponent of Wickliff. He was
privy councillor and confessor to Henry V. He wrote
several theological works. Died in 1430.

Nettleton, net'tel-tpn, ( ASAHEL,) D.D., an American
divine, born at Killingworth, Connecticut, in 1783, was
distinguished as a preacher and revivalist. Died in 1844,

See REV. ROBERT STEEL, " Burning and Shining Lights," Lon-
don, 1864.

Neubauer, noi'how'er, (ERNST FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man Protestant minister and writer, born at Magdeburg
n 1705; died about 1748.

Neubauer, (FRA.VZ CHRISTIAN,) a German musician
and composer, born in Bohemia in 1760; died in 1795.



i, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fall, fit; met; n&t; good; m<5on;



NEUBECK



iSn



NEVIL



Neubeck, noi'bek, (VALERIUS WILHELM,) a German
poet and physician, born at Arnstadt in 1765, was the
author of a poem entitled " The Fountains of Health,
or Mineral Springs," ("Die Gesundbrunnen," 1794,]
esteemed one of the best didactic poems in the German
language. He practised for many years at Steinau. Died
in 1850.

See SCHLEGEL, " Charaktere und Kritikeo;" LONGFELLOW,
" Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Neuenar, von, fon noi'en-aR', [Lat. NUENA'RIUS or
NEVENA'RIUS,] (HERMANN,) COUNT, a learned German
prelate, born in the duchy of Juliers in 1491. He was
a patron of literature, and wrote various works. Died
in 1530.

Neufchateau. See FRANCOIS DE NEUFCHATEAU.
^Neuhauss, van, vSn noi'howss, [Lat. NEUHU'SIUS,]
(EDON,) a German scholar and writer, born at Steinfurt,
in Westphalia, in 1581. Among his works are "Manes
Nassovii,"a poem, (1620,) and "Fatidica Sacra," (1635-
48.) Died in 1638.

See REINER NEUHUSIUS, "Vita E. Neuhusii," 1677.

Neuhauss, van, (REGNIER,) a poet and philologist,
born at Leeuwarden in 1618, was a son of the preceding.
Died about 1680.

Neuhof, noi'hof, (THEODOR,) BARON OF, a German
adventurer, born in Westphalia. In 1735 ne was in-
vited by the Corsicans, at that time oppressed by the
Genoese, to assume the chief power in their country,
and the following year was crowned king. Being un-
able, however, to maintain himself against the Genoese
and French, he took refuge in England, where he died
in 1756.

Neuhusiu9. See NEUHAUSS.

Neukirch, noi'kJSRK, (BENJAMIN,) a German poet,
born in Silesia in 1665. He published "Select Poems,"
satires, and a poetical translation of Fenelon's " T^W-
maque." Died in 1729.

Neukpmm, von, fon noi'kom, (SlGiSMUND,) a Ger-
man musician and composer, born at Saltzburg in 1778,
was a pupil of the celebrated Haydn. He passed several
years in Paris in the service of Talleyrand. He was an
excellent organist. He composed a number of oratorios,
operas, and other works. Among his master-pieces are
the oratorios of "David" and "Mount Sinai." Died
in 1858.

See Fins, "Biographic Universelle des Musiciens;" "Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Neumann, noi'man, (BALTHASAR,) a German archi-
tect, born at Eger in 1687. He designed many churches
and palaces. Died in 1753.

Neumann, (CASPAR,) a German theologian and He-
brew scholar, born at Breslau in 1648. He wrote " Gene-
sis Lingua; Sanctae Veteris Testament!, " (1696,) "Pith
or Marrow of all Prayers," ("Kern aller Gebete,") and
uther works. Died in 1715.

See TACKEN, " Leben Neumanns," 1741.

Neumann, (FRANZ ERNST,) a German natural philos-
opher, born in Ukermark in 1798. He became professor
of physics at Konigsberg in 1826, and gained distinction
by his researches in crystallography, the theory of light,
etc.

Neumann, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) a German poet
and litterateur, born in Berlin in 1787. He was asso-
ciated with his friend Varnhagen von Ense in the com-
position of the "Almanac of the Muses," and other
works. He translated Macchiavelli's " History of Flor-
ence." Died in 1834.

Neumann, (JOHANN GEORG,) a German Lutheran
theologian, born at Hertz, near Merseburg, in 1661. He
was professor of theology at Wittenberg. Died in 1709

Neumann, new'man, (JOHN NEPOMUCENE,) D.D.,
an eminent bishop, born in Srachatic, Bohemia, March
20, 1811. He was educated at Budweis and Prague, was
ordained to the Roman Catholic priesthood in 1836, and
in 1852 was consecrated Bishop of Philadelphia. Died
in Philadelphia, January 5, 1860. Bishop Neumann was
distinguished for piety, learning, and humility, and was a
member of the Redemptorist order.

Neumann, (KARL FVIEDRICH,) a German Orientalist
and historian, born neai Bamberg in 1798. lie published



as k; 5 as s; g hard: g asyV G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; K, trilled; s as z; th HS in this,



numerous works, among which are " Asiatic Studies,"
(1837,) a "History of the British Empire in India,"
(2 vols., 1857,) and a "History of the United States,' 1
(Berlin, 3 vols., 1865.) Died in March, 1870.

Neumann, (KARL GEORG,) a German medical writer
and poet, born at Gera in 1774. He became professor
of medicine in Berlin in 1818. Among his works is
"Specielle Pathologic und Therapie," (4 vols., 1837.)
Died in 1850.

Neumann, (KASPAR,) a German chemist, born in
1682 or 1683, became professor oi chemistry in the Royal
College of Berlin. He wrote a number of scientific treat-
ises, which were translated into English. He was a
Fellow of the Royal Society of London. Died in 1737.
See F. HOEFHR, " Histoire de la Chimie."
Neumark, noi'maRk, (GEORG,) a German poet and
musician, born at Muhlhausen (Thuringia) in 1621. He
was living in great destitution at Hambuig, when his
talents attracted the notice of Rosenkrantz, the Swedish
ambassador, who made him his secretary. He after-
wards became librarian and secretary of the archives at
Weimar, where he died in 1681. He is chiefly celebrated
for the beautiful hymn " Wer nur den lieben Gott lasst
walten," a translation of which is to be found in the
" Lyra Germanica."

Neumayr von Flessen-Seilbitz, noi'miR fon fles'-
scn sil'blts, (ANTON,) a German critic and able writer on
art, was born in Vienna in 1772. He passed many years
in Italy, and wrote, in Italian, besides other works, a
"Historical and Critical Memoir on Painting," (1811,)
"The German Artists," (6 vols., 1819-23,) and a "Life
of Albert Diirer," (1823.) Died in 1840.

Neureuther, noi'roi'ter, (EUGEN,) an eminent Ger-
man designer, born at Munich in 1806. Among his works
are illustrations of the poems of Goethe, Wieland, and
other German authors. Died March 23, 1882.

Neuville. See HYDE DE NEUVILLE.

Neuville, de, deh nuh'vel', (ALPHONSE MARIU
ADOLPHE,) a French painter of military subjects, was
born at Saint-Omer, May 31, 1836. Apart from his
numerous and well-known war-pictures, he has been
successful as an illustrator of books. Died in 1885.

Neuville.de, deh nuh'vel',(CHARi.ES FREY,)a French
Jesuit, eminent as a pulpit orator, born in the diocese of
Coutances in 1693; died ' n '774-

Neuville\ de, deh nuh've'yi', (DiniER PIERRE CHI-
CANAU,) a French writer, born at Nancy in 1720. He
published "The Philosophic Dictionary," (1751,) and
other works. Died in 1781.

Neuwied, PRINCE OF. See MAXIMILIAN

Nevada, ne-vi'da, (EMMA,) the stage-name of Miss
EMMA "Wixom, an American singer, born at Nevada
City, California, in 1861. She first appeared upon the
stage at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, in 1880, and
later sang with great success in the principal European
cities.

Ne-yay', (JoHN,) a Scottish poet, born at Forfar, Jan-
uary 28, 1792. He published several volumes of verse,
and died in May, 1870.

Nevenarius. See NEUENAR.

Nevera, de, deh neh-vaiR', (Louis de Gonzague
deh giN'zSg',) Due, a French commander, born in
1539. lie fought against the Huguenots in the civil
war, and in the reign of Henry III. was one of the
chiefs of the League. In 1590 he entered the service of
Henry IV., who gave him command of an army. Died
in 1595.

See TLTRPIN, " Histoire de Louis de Gonzague," 1789; BRAM-

IME, "Vies des grands Capitaines."

Nevers, de, (PHILIPPE JULIEN MANCINI MAZARINI.)
Due, born in Rome in 1641, was a nephew of Cardinal
Mazarin, and a brother of Hortense Mancini. He en-
joyed the favour of Louis XIV., who appointed hir_
lieutenant-general of Nivernais. He wrote agreeable
verses, and was noticed by Voltaire in his Catalogus
of the writers of the age of Louis XIV. Die<i in 1707.

See SAINT-SIMON, " Me'tnoires."

Neveu, neh-vuh',(MATTHiAS,) a skilful Dutch painter,

irn at Leyden in 1647, was a pupil of Gerard Donw
Died after 1718.

Nevii. See NEVILLE.

: Explanations, p. 23.)


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