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he United States. Having been sent by Napoleon to
Jaint Domingo as general of brigade in 1803, he was
tilled in a naval engagement with the English, in 1804.

See BAILLV, " Me'moires ;" THIERS, " History of the French
devolution;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale. "

Noailles, de, (PAUL,) Due, a French littlrateur, born
n Paris in 1802. He has published a "History of
Madame de Maintenon and the Principal Events of the
*eign of Louis XIV.," (1848,) and several other works.
n 1849 he succeeded Chateaubriand as a member of tb
French Academy. Died May 30, 1885.

See A. DB CESSNA, " Le Due de Noailles," 1842.



i. e. T. 6. u, y. long : a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; mft; n6t; good; moon;



NOAILLES



1827



NOEL



Noailles, de, (PHILIPPE.) See MOUCHY.

Noback, no'bak, (FRIEDRICH EDUARD,) born at
Crefeld, in Germany, in 1815, published a "Systematic
Manual of the Science of Commerce." Died in 1883.

Noback, (KARL AUGUST,) a German writer on com-
merce, brother of the preceding, was born at Kolleda in
1810. He published a treatise "On Commercial Asso-
ciations," (1842,) and other works. Died in 1870.

No'bel, (ALFRED,) a Swedish inventor and philan-
thropist, was born at Stockholm in 1833. He experi-
mented on nitro-glycerine, which was made by his
father, and discovered the art of making dynamite.
He also invented blasting powder and several kinds
of smokeless powder. He became very wealthy, leaving
a fortune of over $10,000,000 at his death in 1896.
By his will the income of most of this was to be used
for annual prizes to those who should make the most
important discoveries in physics, chemistry, and physi-
ology, produce the best literature, and do the most
service in the interests of peace and humanity.

Nobel, no'bel, written also Noble, (CoNSTANTiN,)
a Dutch navigator, born about 1616, obtained a high
rank in the service of the Dutch East India Company.
Died after 1674. Van Hoorn and Nobel went on a mis-
sion to Peking in '665.

Nobili, no'be-lee, (LEOPOLDO,) an Italian physicist
and electrician, born in 1784; died in 1834.

See V. ANTINORI, " Elogio storico del Professore L. Nobili,"
836.

Nobili, de', da no'be-lee, [Lat. DE NOBIL'IBUS,]
(ROBERTO,) a celebrated Italian Jesuit and missionary,
born at Monte-Pulciano in 1577, was a nephew of Car-
dinal Bellarmino. He resided many years in Southern
India, where he converted great numbers to Christianity,
He wrote several religious treatises in different Indian
dialects. Died in 1656.

See JOUVENCY, " Histoire des Je'suites ;" PARIGI, '* Notizie de
Cardinale R. de' Nobili," etc., 1836.

Nobilibus, de. See NOBILI, DE*.

Noble, no'b'l, (MARK,) an English divine and writer,
became rector of Barming, in Kent. He published
"Memoirs of the House of Medici," (1797,) " Lives of
the English Regicides," (1798,) and other works. He
was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and a con-
tributor to the " Archaeologia." Died in 1827.

Noble, (MATTHEW,) an English sculptor, born about
1820. Among his works are a colossal statue of the
Duke of Wellington at Manchester, and a statue of
Lord Canning. "Died June 23, 1876.

Noble, (SAMUEL,) an English theologian and engraver,
born in London in 1779. He practised engraving in his
early life, and became a Swedenborgian minister about
1820. He published, besides other works, "Plenary
Inspiration of the Scriptures," and a volume of Ser
morts, (1848.) Died in 1853.

Noble, lie. See LE NOBLE.

Nobleville. See ARNAULT DE NOBLEVILLE.

Noblot, no'blo', (CHARLES,) a French geographer,
born in Burgundy in 1668 ; died in 1742.

Nobunaga, no-boo-na'gi, (OTA,) a Japanese noble-
man, born in 1533. He inherited great wealth, and
deposed the line of shoguns who then usurped the im-
perial power. He persecuted the Booddhists and
slaughtered their priests, and also favoured the Jesuits.
Died by suicide in 1582.

Nocret, no'kRj', (JEAN,) a French painter and en
graver, born at Nancy in 1612 ; died in 1672.

See Dl'MESNiL, " Le Peintre-Graveur Francais."

Nodal, de, da no-dal', (GONZALO and BARTOLOMK
GARCIA,) Spanish navigators, born in Galicia, were
brothers. They commanded two ships sent by the King
of Spain in 1618 to explore and fortify Le Maire Strait,
near Cape Horn. They discovered a group of small
islands in latitude 56 40', which they called " Diego
Ramirez," and which was the most southern land marked
on maps for a century or more.

See DE BKOSSES, " Histoire des Navigations aui Teires au-
iralfts."

Nodier, no'de^l', (CHARLES,) a celebrated French



littfratfur, was bom at Besan9on in 1783. He studied in
the Central School of his native city, and soon after
repaired to Paris, where he published his " Painter of
Saltzburg," (1803,) and "The Exiles," romances in the
style of Werther. About this time he also wrote a
satirical poem entitled " La Napoleone," for which he
was subjected to a short banishment. Having spent
several years in Switzerland and Illyria, he returned to
Paris, where he became associate editor of the " (uurnal
des Debats," and subsequently took charge of " La Quo-
tidienne." On the accession of Louis XVIII. Nodier
obtained a title of nobility and the cross of the legion
of honour. He was appointed in 1824 librarian of
the Arsenal, in Paris. His works are numerous and
on various subjects, including many compositions of a
brilliant and original character. Among these may be
named his "Entomological Bibliography," (1801,) "Dic-
tionary of French Onomatopoeia," etc., (" Dictionnaire
raisonne des Onomatopees Franchises," 1808,) an etymo-
logical treatise of great merit, and the romances of
"Jean Sbogar," (1818,) "Therese Aubert," (1819,) and
" Picturesque and Romantic Travels in Ancient France,"
(1820.) He was als6 a contributor to the " Biographic
Universelle." Nodier had been elected to the French
Academy about 1833. He died in 1844, leaving a volume
of " Souvenirs," in which he professes to narrate the
events of his early life ; but they are said to be mixed
with fiction.

See MKRIMEH, " filoge de Nodier;" SAINTB-BBUVB, "Portraits
Litteraires ;" L.DBLoMHms, "M. Nodier, par un Homroede Rien,"
1842 : QuiRARD, " La France Litte'raire ;" " Nouvelle Biographie
jenerale ;" NODIER, "Souvenirs," etc., 1832.

Nodot, no'do', (FRANC.OIS,) a French littirateur, who
lived about 1680-1700.

Noe, the French for NOAH, which see.

Noe, de, deh no'a', (AMEDEE,) COUNT, (better known
under his assumed name of " Cham," the French spell-
ing for Ham, one of the sons of Noah.) a French cari-
caturist, born at Paris, January 26, 1819. He contrib-
uted numerous caricatures to albums and almanacs, and
especially to the " Charivari," and speedily became the
most popular of French comic draughtsmen. Died at
Paris, September 6, 1879.

Noel, no'el', (ALEXIS NICOLAS,) a French landscape-
painter and designer, born near Paris in 1792, was a
pupil of David. He published in 1818 a "Picturesque
Tour in France and Germany."

No'el, (Rev. BAPTIST WRIOTHESLEY,) an eminent
English dissenting minister, a brother of the Earl of
Gainsborough, was born in 1799. He was in his youth
a minister of the Anglican Church, which he left and
joined the Baptists about 1849. He became popular as
a preacher and as a writer and a prominent promoter of
benevolent enterprises and liberal movements. Among
his works are " Christian Missions to Heathen Nations,"
an "Essay on Christian Baptism," (1849,) and "Letters
on the Church of Rome." Died January 19, 1873.

See the " British Quarterly Review" for February, 1849.

Noel, no'el', (FRANC.OIS,) a Flemish Jesuit, born in
Hainault in 1651, spent many years as a missionary ia
China. He wrote several theological and scientific
works, in Latin. Died in 1729.

Noel, (FRANCOIS JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French antiquary,
born at Nancy in 1783 ; died in 1856.

Noel, (FRANgois JOSEPH MICHEL,) a French littf-
ratfur and diplomatist, born at Saint-Germain-en-Laye
about 1755. He published a " Mythological Dictionary,"
(2 vols., 1801-23,) "Lessons in Literature and Morals,"
(2 vols., 1804,) several valuable dictionaries, and nume-
rous other compilations. His " French Grammar" (1823)
passed through forty-six editions. He became minister-
plenipotentiary to Venice in 1793, minister to the Hague
in 1795, inspector-general of public instruction in 1802,
and inspector-general of the University in 1808. He
retained the last office under several reigns. Died in 1841.

Noel, (JULES,) a French painter, born at Quimpw
about 1818. Died April 3, 1881.

Noel, (THOMAS,) an English poet of the nineteenth
century. In 1841 he published a volume of poems,
which included the well-known " Pauper's Drive," fre-
quently attributed to Hood.



eas/fc; <;as/.- gbarJ; gas/; a, H,K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trillcJ: sass: th as in this. (ftg^See Explanations, p. 23.!



NOEL



1828



NOLLEKENS



Noel de la Moriniero no'Sl' deh It mo're'ne-aiR',
(SiMON BARTHEIEMY JOSEPH,) a French naturalist, born
at Dieppe in 1765, published, among other works, a
"General History of Ancient and Modern Fisheries,"
(1815,) which was translated into Russian and German.
He was a member of the Imperial Academy of Saint
Petersburg. Died at Drontheim, Norway, in 1822.

Noel des Vergers, no'el' d veR'zha', (JOSEPH
MARIN ADOLPHE,) a French Orientalist and antiquary,
born in Paris in 1805. He made a translation of Abool-
feda's "Life of Mohammed," (1837,) and contributed
numerous article? to the " Nouvelle Revue Encyclope 1 -
dique," "Athenaeum Francais," and "Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Generale. " Died at Nice, January 2 1867.

Noelting. See NOLTING.

Noet See NOETUS.

No-e'tus, [Fr. NOET, no'J',] a schismatic among the
early Christians, flourished about 240 A.D., and is sup-
posed to have been a native of Ephesus. He opposed
the doctrine of the Trinity, and his views were afterwards
promulgated by Sabellius, one of his disciples.

See FLBURY, " Histoire ecclesiastique."

Nogaret, no'gt'r^', (FRANC.OIS Frtux,) a French
uttlrateur, born at Versailles in 1740. He was the
author of poems, tales, dramas, and prose essays. Among
his works are an essay on natural history, entitled
"L'Apologie de mon Gout," (1771,) which was com-
mended by Voltaire, a translation or imitation of Aris-
tacnetus, (" L'Aristenete Francais," 1780,) and "Tales
in Verse," (5th edition, 1810.) Died in 1831.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Gne"rale."

Nogaret, (HENRI.) See CANDALE, (HENRI.)

Nogaret, de, deh no'gfr^', (GUILLAUME,) a Frencn
statesman, born about 1260, became chancellor under
Philippe le Bel. Died in 1313.

Nogaret, de, (JACQUES RAMEL,) a French statesman,
born at Carcassonne in 1760. As a member of the Na-
tional Convention, he voted for the death of the king.
He afterwards entered the Council of Five Hundred,
and was minister of finance under the Directory from
February, 1796, to July, 1799. Died in 1819.

Nogaret, de, (JEAN Louis.) See EPERNON, DE.

Nogari, no-gj'ree, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian painter,
born at Venice in 1699 ; died in 1763.

Nogari, (PARIDE,) an Italian fresco-painter, born at
Rome about 1535 ; died about 1600.

Sec LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy."

Nogarola, no-ga-ro'li, (IsoTTA,) an Italian lady, cele-
brated for her talents and learning, bom at Verona about
1420; died in 1466.

See GiNCUKNrf, " Histoire Littiraire d'ltalie,"

Nogarola, (Luici,) an Italian scholar and theologian,
Oorn at Verona about 1509. He translated several
Greek works into Latin. He took a prominent part at
the Council of Trent Died in 1559.

Noggerath, nog'geh-rit', (JAKOB,) a German geolo-
gist, was born at Bonn, October 10, 1788, and in 1814
Became professor in the university of his native town. He
wrote various books on geology, orography, agriculture,
etc. Died in 1877.

Noghera, no-ga'rj, (GIAMBATTISTA,) an Italian littf-
rateur and Jesuit, born in the Valtellina in 1719. He
published, besides other works, translations of the ora-
tions of Demosthenes, (1753.) Died in 1784.

Noguez, no'gi', (PIERRE,) a French physician and
medical writer, born at Sauveterre about 1685.

Nohden or Noehden, no'den, (GEORG HEINRICH,)
a German scholar and writer, born at Gottingen in 1770,
published a "Gennan-and-English-Grammar," (1800,)
and a "German-and-English-Dictionary," (1814,) also
several antiquarian treatises. Died in 1826.

NohL. nol, (CARL FRIEDRICH LUDWIG,) a German
musician and writer on musical subjects, born at Iser-
lohn, in Westphalia, December 5, 1831. He has written
valuable works on Mozart and Beethoven.

Nointel, de, deh nwaN'tSl', (CHARLES FRANCOIS
Olier o'le-i',) MARQUIS, a French diplomatist in the
reign of Louis XIV., was sent as ambassador to Turkey
in 1670. He negotiated a treaty favourable to French
commerce in 1673. He owes his celebrity chiefly to the



medals, inscriptions, and specimens of ancient art which
he collected in the Levant Died in 1685.

See D'ARVIBITX, "Memoires."

Noinville, de, deh nwlN'vel', (JACQUES BERNARD
DUREY,) a French historian, born at Dijon in 1682. He
wrote, besides other works, a " History of the Opera in
France," (1753.) Died in 1768.

Noir, le, leh nwaR, (JEAN,) a French Jansenist priest
and writer, born at Alen9on in 1622 ; died in 1692.

Noire, nwa'Ra', (Luowic,) a German monistic phi-
losopher, born at Alzey, March 26, 1829. He studied at
Giessen, and became a teacher in the gymnasium at
Mentz. He published " The World as a Development
of the Spirit," (1874,) "The Monistic Idea," (1875,)
"The Origin of Speech," (1877,) and other works on
philosophy and kindred studies. Died March 26, 1889.

Noirlieu, de, deh nwiRle-uh', (Louis FRANCOIS
MARTIN,) a French theologian and religious writer, born
at Sainte-Menehould in 1792. He published, among
other works, a " Philosophic Catechism for the Use of
Men of the World," (1860.) Died June 21, 1870.

Noirot, nwa'ro', (JOSEPH MATHIAS,) ABBE, a French
philosopher, born at Latrecey (Haute-Marne) in 1793.
He was professor of philosophy at Lyons many years, and
his "Lectures" were published in 1852. Died Jan. 24, 1880.

Noisette, nwa'zit', (Louis CLAUDE,) a French horti
culturist, born near Paris in 1772, published several
valuable works on pomology, floriculture, and similai
subjects. Died in 1849.

Nola, da, da no'la, (GIOVANNI MARLIANO,) an Italian
sculptor and architect, born near Naples, lived about
1500-50.

No'lan, (Captain LEWIS EDWARD,) a brave English
officer, served under Sir Henry Pottinger in India in
1839. He afterwards had a part in the Russian cam-
paign of 1854, and was killed in the battle of Balaklava,

No'lan, (MICHAEL,) an Irish lawyer, was the author
of "Reports of Cases relating to the Duty and Office
of a Justice of the Peace," and other practical law
treatises. Died in 1827.

Nolasque. See PETER NOLASQUE.

Nolde, nol'deh, (ADOLPH FRIEDRICH,) a German
physician, born at Neustrelitz in 1764, became professor
of medicine at Halle in 1810. He published several
medical works. Died in 1813.

Noldeke, nbl'deh-keh, (THEODOR,) a German scholar,
born at Harburg, March 2, 1836. He graduated at the
Gottingen University in 1861, was a professor of Arabic
at Kiel, 1864-72, and then took a similar chair at Stras-
burg. Died in January, 1875. Among his writings are a
" History of the Koran," (1860,) " Life of Mohammed,"
(1863,) "Neo-Syrian Grammar," (1868,) " Mandaic
Grammar," (1875,) and works on Old Testament criti-
cism, (1868, 1869,) on the Moabite Stone, (1870,) etc.

Noldius, nol'de-us, (CHRISTIAN,) a Danish divine
and biblical writer, born in Scania in 1626 ; died in 1683.

Noli, da, da no'lee, (ANTONIO,) sometimes called
Uso DI MARE, (oo'so de ma'ri,) a Genoese navigator in
the service of Prince Henry of Portugal, made a voyage
to the western coast of Africa, where he discovered the
Cape Verd Islands. Having joined the fleet of Cada-
mosto, they pursued their discoveries together. Noli
also accompanied Cadamosto in his second voyage, in
1456.

See BARON HUMBOLDT, " Histoire de la Geographic du nouveau
Continent ;" WALCKENABR, " Histoire gene>ale des Voyages."

Nolin, no'laN', (DENIS,) a French biblical critic, born
n Paris in 1648; died in 1710.

Nolin, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French engraver, born in
Paris in 1657 ; died in 1725.

Nol'le-kens, (JOSEPH,) a celebrated English sculptor,
born in London in 1737, was a son of Joseph Francis,
noticed below. In 1760 he visited Rome, where he re-
sided many years and executed several works of great
merit. Among these were busts of Garrick and Sterne,
and a group representing "Timocleus and Alexander."
After his return he was chosen a Royal Academician, in
1772. He devoted himself chiefly to making portrait-
justs, and fur. extensively patronized by the nobility and
he fashionable world. His monument to Mrs. Howard,



ii, e, i,. vv/jva, e. A, same, less prolonged; a. e, 1, 6, u, J, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, flt;m?'r ?*t:t;ood; moon;



NOLLEKENS



1829



NOORT



at Corby Castle, and his statue of Venus, are ranked
among his master-pieces. Nollekens was noted for his
parsimony, and amassed a large fortune. Died in 1823.
See J. T. SMITH, "Nollekens and his Times," 1829: CUNNING-
HAM, " Lives of Painters, Sculptors," etc.

Nollekens, nol'leh-kens, (JOSEPH FRANCIS,) a Flem-
ish landscape-painter, born at Antwerp about 1690, set-
tled in London, where he died in 1748.

Nollet, no'14', (DoMiNiCK,) a Flemish painter, born
t Bruges in 1640 ; died in 1736.

See DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands."

Nollet, no'lj', (JEAN ANTOINE,) ABBE", an eminent
French philosopher, born at Pimpre, in the diocese of
Noyon, in 1700. On leaving college he went to Paris,
where he studied natural philosophy and co-operated
with M. Dufay in electrical experiments. In 1739 he
was elected to the Academy of Sciences, and repeated
his experiments before the Duke of Savoy in Turin.
He published in 1743 the first part of his " Lectures on
Experimental Physics," (" Le9ons de Physique expe>i-
mentale,") the clearest and most methodical work that
had appeared on that subject. In this he gave the first
popular explanation of Newton's discoveries in light.
He obtained by the favour of the king the chair of ex-
perimental philosophy in the College of Navarre in 1756,
and a brevet of master of philosophy and natural history
to the princes-royal. He published " Researches on the
Causes of Electric Phenomena,"'( 1749,) and an "Essay
on the Electricity of Bodies," (1750.) Died in 1770.

See " Ne"crologe des Hommes celebres de France;" " Nouvell*
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Nolpe, nol'peh, (PlETER,) a Dutch engraver, born at
the Hague in 1601. Among his master-pieces is thf
"Adoration of the Magi," after Rubens.

See BASAN, " Dictionnaire des Graveurs."

Nolten, nol'ten, [Lat. NOLTE'NIUS,] (JOHANN AR-
NOLD,) a German theologian, born in Westphalia in 1683 ;
died in 1740.

Nolten or Nolte, nol'teh, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH. ) a
German philologist, born at Eimbeck in 1694. He pub-
lished "Lexicon I ,11111.1- Linguae Antibarbarum," (1740.)
Died in 1754.

Nolten, (RUDOLPH AUGUST,) a brother of the pre-
ceding, born in 1 703, published " On the Genuine Sources
of Russian History," (" De genuinis Historias Russica:
Fontibus," 1739,) and other works. Died in 1752.

See BALLKNSTADT, "Vita Noltenii," 1755.

Noltenius. See NOLTEN.

Nblting or Noelting, nol'ting, (JOHANN HEINRICH
VINCENZ,) a distinguished scholar and philosopher, born
at Schwarzenbek, in Denmark, in 1735. He became
professor of philosophy and eloquence at Hamburg.
Died in 1806.

Nominee, no-min'o-a', written also Nomenoi, an
Armorican chief, who became King of Bretagne, was
born about 790 or 800 A.D. He was created Duke of
the Bretons by the emperor Louis le Debonnaire in 826
A.D. After the death of Louis, (840,) he raised the
standard of independence, and defeated Charles the
Bald, who led an army to reduce him to subjection.
Died in 851.

See A. DE COURSON, " Histoire des Peuples Bretons," 1846 ;
~ Nouvelle Biographic Ge"nerale."

Nomsz, nomz, (JAN,) a Dutch poet and dramatist,
born at Amsterdam in 1738. He was the author of an
epic poem on William I., Prince of Orange, (1779,) and
tragedies entitled "Maria van Lalain," "Zoroaster," and
"Duchess de Coralli." The first of these dramas was
very popular. Died in 1803.

See DE VSIES, " Histoire de la Poe'sie Hollandaise."

Nonius. See NUNEZ.

No'nI-us, (MARCELLUS,) a Roman grammarian of the
fourth century, wrote a work entitled " De Proprietate
Sermonis," which is valued for the passages it contains
from Latin writers not extant.

Nonnoa. See NONNUS.

Nonuotte, no'not', (CLAUDE FRANCOIS,) a French
Jesuit, born at Besan9on in 1711, published, besides
other books of little merit, a work entitled " Errors of
Voltaire," (2 vols., 1762,) which elicited several bitter
rejoinders from that writer. Died in 1793.



Nonnotte, (DoNAT,) a French painter, brother of
the preceding, born at Besancon in 1707 ; died in 1785.

Non'nua or Nonnos, [Nowoc,] a Greek poet, who
lived about 410 A. D., was a native of Panopolis, in Egypt,
and probably a Christian. His only extant works are
a " Paraphrase of Saint John," and a long poem en-
titled " Dionysiaca," or the History of Bacchus. It U
bombastic in style, and is chiefly valued for the infor
mation it contains on mythological subjects not to be
found elsewhere.

See WEICHKRT, " Dissertatio de Nonno," 1810; S. UWARROW,
" Nonnos von Panopolis," 1817; A. F. NAEKE, "De Nonno Imi-
tatore Homeri," 1835.

Nonnua or No'nus, (THEOPHANES,) a Greek phy
sician of the tenth century, was the author of a com
pendium of Medicine, ("Compendium totius Artia
Medicae,") which he dedicated to the emperor Cor
stantine Porphyrogenitus.

See FREIND, " History of Physic ;" HALLEK, " Bibliotheca
Medica," etc.

Noodt, not, (GERAERT,) one of the most eminent
jurists of his time, was born at Nymwegen in 1647. He
became successively professor of law at Franeker, (1679,)
Utrecht, (1684,) and Leyden, (1686.) He was also rector
of the University of Leyden. Among his principal
works, which are written in elegant Latin, we may name
his "Probabilia Juris Civilis," (1674-79,) an d "On the
Rights of Sovereign Power," ("De Jure Summi Irr>
peril," etc., 1707.) Died in 1725.

See BARBBVRAC, " Historica Vitas Auctoris Narratio," prefixed*-
the collected works of Noodt, 1735.

Nooms, noms, (REMI,) a Dutch marine painter and
engraver, surnamed ZEEMAN, (" Seaman,") born at Am-
sterdam in 1612 ; died about 1672.

Noor-ed-Deeu, Nour-Eddyn, Noureddin, or
Nureddin, noor-Sd-deen', (" Light of the Faith,")
(Mahmood- (Mahmoud- or Mahmud-) Malek-al-
Adel, maH'mood' mal'e'k-al-a'del,*) a celebrated Sultan
of Syria and Egypt, was born at Damascus in 1116. In
1146 he successfully opposed the attempts of Louis VII.
of France and other crusading princes to recapture
Edessa and possess themselves of Damascus, which,
after he had conquered the greater part of Syria, he
made the capital of his dominions. He took advantage
of the dissensions which agitated Egypt in 1163 to es-
tablish his power in that country, where he appointed
his general Shirakoh governor in 1168. The most im-
portant event in the subsequent part of Noor-ed-Deen's
reign was the extirpation of the Sheeah heresy in Egypt.
Noor-ed-Deen was one of the most able and virtuous
of Oriental rulers, and his piety and integrity made him
the idol of his subjects, who gave him the surname of
" Light of the Faith." Died in 1173.

See MICHAUD, "Histoire des Croisades;" GUILLAUME DH TYR.
" Hisloire des Croisades."

Noor-ed-Deeu, Noureddin, or Nureddin, (Ma-
lek-al-Mansoor, mal'Jk-al-man's66R',) second Sultan
of the dynasty of Tartar Mamelukes in Egypt, succeeded
his father Ibek in 1257. He was deposed at the end of
two years, on account of his youth and inexperience, and
the Emir Kotuz ruled in his stead.

Noor-eddin, Nour-eddin, or Nureddin, (Arslau
Shah, ars-lan' shah,) Prince of Mesopotamia, was grand-
nephew of the celebrated Noor-ed-Deen, and ascended
the throne in 1193. He governed with wisdom and
ability, and recovered much of the power of which his
family had been deprived. Died in 1210.

Noort, van, van noRt, sometimes written Oort,
(ADAM,) a skilful Flemish painter, born at Antwerp in
1557, was a son of Lambert, noticed below. He was a
good colorist. His habits were intemperate. He was
the master of Rubens, who expressed a high opinion of
his talents. Died in 1641.

See WEVERMAN, " De Schilderkonst der Nederlanders."

Noort, van, (LAMBERT,) a Flemish painter and
architect, born at Amersfoort in 1520. He settled at
Antwerp, and was admitted into the Academy of Ant-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 185 of 425)