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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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the Convocation of 1563, at which the articles of re-
ligion were revised. His most important work is his
"Catechism," which was published in Latin in 1570
and in English about 1571. This is the "Larger Cate-
chism" adopted by the Anglican Church. He had a
high reputation for learning and candour. Died in 1602.

See CHURTON, " Life of Alexander Nowell," 1809.

Nowell, (LAWRENCE,) a younger brother of the pre-
ceding, graduated at Oxford in 1544. He became Dean
of Lichfield in 1559. He compiled a Saxon Vocabulary,
which he gave to William Lambarde in manuscript. Died
in 1576.

Nox or Nyx, [Gr. Ni| ; Fr. NUIT, nii'e' ; It. NOTTS,
not'ti,] one of the most ancient deities in classic my-
thology, is a personification of Night. She was supposed
to be the daughter of Chaos, the brother of Erebus, and
the mother of Day, ( Hemera.) Among her offspring
were Death, Sleep, Momus, Nemesis, and the Parcae.

Noy, (WILLIAM,) a celebrated English lawyer, born
about 1577. He was appointed attorney-general in 1631,
and thenceforth became the advocate of the royal pre-
rogative, though he had previously been one of its
strongest opponents. It was at his suggestion that King
Charles I. levied the tax of ship-money, which was
one of the exciting causes of the civil war. He wrote,
among other legal works, " The Complete Lawyer," and
a "Treatise on the Rights of the Crown." Died in 1634.

See CLARENDON, "Memoirs;" FULLER, "Worthies."

Noydens. no-e-dens', ? (BENITO REMIGIO,) a Spanish
philologist, born in Aragon about 1630, published a
Spanish Dictionary, (1674.) Died in 1685.

Noyer, du. See DUNOYER.

Noyes, QOHN HUMPHREY,) an American religion-
ist, born at Brattleborough, Vermont, September 3,
1811. His father was a member of Congress, and his
mother was an aunt of President R. B. Hayes. J. H.
Noyes graduated at Dartmouth College in 1830, read
law, and studied divinity at Andover and New Haven,
where he was licensed as a Congregational preacher. In
1834 he announced his new doctrine of Perfectionism.
He was the founder and president (1848-80) of the
"Oneida Community" of Perfectionists, living for a part
of the time in the Wallingford (Connecticut) Community,
and after 1880 at Niagara Falls, where the Community
(reorganized as a stock company) has extensive works.
Mr. Noyes's more important books are " The Way of
Holiness," (1838,) "The Berean," (1847.) "Bible Com-
munism," (1853,) "History of American Socialisms,"
(1870,) and " Home Talks," (1875.) D. April 13, 1886.

Noyes, (WILLIAM CURTIS,) an American jurist, born
in Rensselaer county, New York, in 1805. He practised
law in the city of New York, where he died in December,
1864.

Nu'bar Pasha, an Egyptian statesman, born at
Smyrna, of Armenian parentage, in 1825. He was
educated in France and Switzerland, entered the
Egyptian ministry in 1842, became secretary to
Mehemet All, was made pasha for his services in
regard to the Suez Canal, and obtained from the
sultan a confirmation of Ismail in the title of khedive.
This raised him to the highest rank in the Egyptian
cabinet. He resigned as premier in 1888, but was
induced to resume the office for a short time in 1894
and form a cabinet favourable to the British policy.

Nuck, nook, (ANTON,) a skilful German anatomist
and physician, born about 1660. He was professor of
surgery and anatomy at Leyden, and subsequently presi-



dent of the College of Surgeons. He made several valu>
able discoveries relative to the lymphatic vessels and
glands, and published a treatise " On the New Salival
Duct," and one "On the Motion of the Circular Bile."
Died in 1692.

Nuenarius. See NEUENAR.

Nu'gent, the name of a noble family, originally from
Normandy, who settled in Ireland in the twelfth century.
RICHARD NUGENT was created by King James I. Earl of
Westmeath in 1621. GEORGE THOMAS JOHN NUGENT,
born in 1785, became Marquis of Westmeath in 1822.
He was a prominent leader of the Orange party. Sir
GEORGE NUGENT, grandson of Viscount Clare, born in
1757, served in America and the Netherlands. He was
successively appointed Governor of Jamaica and com-
mander-in-chief of the army in the West Indies, and in
1846 field-marshal. Died in 1849. His brother, Sir
CHARLES EDMUND NUGENT, served with distinction
under Rodney, and was created admiral of the blue in
1808. In 1833 he received the title of admiral of the
fleet. Died in 1844.

Nugent, (CHRISTOPHER,) an Irish physician of con-
siderable reputation, was father-in-law of the celebrated
Edmund Burke. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society.
His principal work is an " Essay on Hydrophobia,"
(1753.) Died in 1775.

Nugent, (GEORGE NUGENT GRENVILLE,) LORD, an
English writer and liberal statesman, a son of the Mar-
quis of Buckingham, was born in 1788. On entering
Parliament, in 1812, he became a prominent advocate of
the cause of the Greeks, and was also conspicuous in
the defence of Queen Caroline. In 1830 he was made
lord of the treasury, and soon after lord high commissary
of the Ionian Islands. He returned to England in 1835,
and died in 1850 or 1851. He published very interesting
" Memorials of John Hampden," and wrote, in conjunction
with his wife, " Legends of Lilies, by the Lord and Lady
thereof."

Nugent, (Comte LAVAL DE WESTMEATH,) a general,
born in Ireland in 1777. He entered the Austrian army
at an early age. He gained some advantages over the
troops of Murat in 1815. About 1849 he. was raised to
the rank of feld-marechal. Died August 22, 1862.

Nugent, (ROBERT CRAGGS,) EARL, a poet and poli-
tician, born in Ireland. He married in 1736 Anne
Craggs, a daughter of Secretary Craggs, who was a
friend of Addison. He entered the House of Commons
in 1741, and became a lord of the treasury. About 1776
he obtained the title of Earl Nugent. Died in 1788.
He published a volume of poems in 1739.

Nugent, (THOMAS,) LL.D., a learned writer and com-
piler, was a native of Ireland. He published, among
other works, "Travels through Germany," (1768,) and
a " French-and-English Dictionary," (1774,) often re
printed. Died in 1772.

Nu'ma Pom-pill-us, the second king of Rome,
celebrated in Roman legends or fables as the author of
the religious ceremonies of the Romans. According to
these legends, Numa was a Sabine, and was elected
king as successor to Romulus. Instructed by the Ca-
mena Egeria, he prescribed the rites of public worship,
and appointed pontiffs, augurs, flamens, and vestals.
His reign was pacific and prosperous. There was a
prevalent tradition among the ancients that Numa de-
rived his wisdom from Pythagoras.

See PLUTARCH, " Lives;" NIHBUHR, "RSmische Geschiohte ;"
J. MSVER, " Delineatio Viue Nums Pompilii," 1765.

Nu-me'nI-us, (NmyiTvioc,] a Greek philosopher, born
at Apamea, in Syria, is called a Pythagorean, or rather a
professor of a Platonico-Pythagorean philosophy. He
lived in the second century of our era, and was favour-
ably mentioned by Origen. He attempted to reconcile
the great Greek schools with the doctrines of the Brah-
mans, Magi, and Jews, and to restore the philosophy of
Plato to its original purity. His works are not extant.

See J. SIMON, " Histoire de 1'ficole d'Alexandrie;" RITTHI,
"History of Philosophy."

Nu-me'rI-an, [Lat. NUMERIA'NUS ; Fr. NUM^RIEN,
nu'ma're^N',]' (MARCUS AURELIUS,) son of Carus, suc-
ceeded him as Emperor of Rome in 284 A.D., in conjunc-
tion with his brother Carinus. He was afterwards put



a, e, I, o, u, y, long: i, 6, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, f, short; a, e, i, p, obsmre; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon:



NUMERIEN



1837



NYMPH JE



to death in the same year, as is supposed, by his father-
in-law, Arrius, and Diocletian was chosen emperor.
Numerianus was famed as an orator and a poet. His
character is said to have been excellent.
See VOPISCUS, " Numerianus."

Numerien. See NUMERIAN.

Nu-me-sl-a'nus or No-mis-T-a'nus, a physician of
Corinth, flourished in the second century of the Chris-
tian era. He numbered the celebrated Galen among
his pupils.

Numitor. See ROMULUS.

Nunes-Barreto, noo'nSs bar-ra'to, (BELCHIOR,) a
Portuguese missionary, born at Oporto in 1520. He was
employed many years in India, and wrote interesting
letters on Oriental affairs. Died in 1571.

Nunez, noon'y?th, (ALVAREZ,) surnamed CABEQA un
VACA, (ka-ba'tha da va'ka,) a Spanish explorer, was the
second in command of a party which discovered or ex-
plored Florida in 1528. He was appointed adelantado
of Rio de la Plata about 1540. Died in 1564.

Nunez, [Lat. NO'NIUS,] (FERNANDO DE GUZMAN,) a
distinguished Spanish scholar and promoter of classical
learning, was born at Valladolid about 1470. He was
descended from the noble family of Guzman, and was
surnamed PINCIANUS, from Pincium, the Latin name ol
Valladolid. After having studied Greek in Italy, he was
appointed one of the professors of that language in the
University of Alcaia. He afterwards rilled the chair of
ancient languages and rhetoric at Salamanca. Nunez
had a share in the celebrated " Complutensian Poly-
glot" of Cardinal Ximenes, and in the Latin version of
the Septuagint. He also published, among other works,
an excellent edition of Seneca. Died in 1553.

Nunez, [Lat. NO'NIUS or NON'NIUS,] (Luis,) a Flem-
ish or Spanish medical writer, born about 1555, lived
at Antwerp. He was eminent for learning, and wrote
several works, among which is a treatise on diet, " Dias-
teticon, sive de Re Cibaria," (1627.) Died after 1645.

See N. ANTONIO, " Bibliotheca Hispana."

Nunez, noo'n?z, or No'nI-us, (PEDRO,) an eminent
Portuguese mathematician, born in 1492. He wrote a
number of very able treatises on navigation, geometry,
and the projection of maps ; and the improved scale
which he invented for reading an observed angle is
still called by his name. He is also said to be the in-
ventor of the loxodromic curve. Nunez was professor
of mathematics at Coimbra, and royal cosmographer.
Died in 1577.

See MONTUCLA, " Histoire des Mathe'matiques ;" BARBOSA MA-
SHADO, " Bibliotheca Lusitana."

Nunez, (RAPHAEL,) a Colombian statesman, born
at Cartagena in 1825. After serving his country in
several prominent positions, he was elected Governor
of the State of Bolivar, and President of Colombia for
three terms, 1879, 1883, and 1891. He published
several volumes of prose and poetry. Died in 1894.

Nunez de Arce, (DoN CASPAR,) a Spanish poet,
born at Valladolid in 1834. His productions embrace
several dramas, volumes of poetry, etc., his lyrical
poems gaining him the name of "The Tennyson of
Spain." He held cabinet positions in the government
in 1883 and 1888.

Nunez de Balboa. See BALBOA, DE.

Nnnning, notm'ning, (JoDOCUS HERMANN,) a German
antiquary, born at Schuttorp in 1675 ; died in 1753.

Nunziante, noon-ze-an'ti, (ViTO,) MARQUIS, an Ital-
ian general, born at Campagna in 1775. He commanded
the army which the King of Naples sent in 1820 against
his insurgent subjects, but was abandoned by that army.
He became commander-in-chief of all the Neapolitan
armies in 1831. Died in 1836.

Nureddin. See NOOR-ED-DEEN.

Nus, nils, (EUGENE,) a French dramatist, bom at
Chalons-sur-Saone in 1816.

Nushirwan or Nuschirwan. See KHOSROO.

Nut, noot, the heaven-goddess of the old Egyptians,
and the consort of the god Seb. She was of human
form, and was identified with RHEA, (q. v.)

Nut'tall, (THOMAS,) an English botanist of high repu-



tation, born in Yorkshire in 1786. He emigrated to the
United States about 1808, after which he explored the
country bordering on the Missouri River, and published
his valuable "Genera of North American Plants," (1818.)
He was professor of natural history at Harvard from
1822 to 1834. He performed an excursion to the Rocky
Mountains and Columbia River about 1834. Among his
works is a " Manual of the Ornithology of the United
States and Canada," (2 vols., 1834.) Died in 1859.

Nuvolone, noo-vo-Io'na, (CARLO FRANCESCO,) an
Italian painter, born at Milan in 1608. He imitated the
style of Guido so successfully that he was surnamed THE
GUIDO OF LOMBARDY. Among his master-pieces is
"The Miracle of Saint Peter at the Beautiful Gate."
He died in 1661. His brother, GIUSEPPE, (some-
times called Panfilo,) was also a painter of some
note.

Nuvolone, (PANFILO,) an Italian painter, born at
Cremona, was the father of the preceding. He worked
at Milan. Died, at an advanced age, in 1651.

Nuwayri. See NOOWAIREE.

Nuzzi, noot'see, (MARIO,) called MARIO DE' FIORI,
(ma're-o da fe-o'ree,) a celebrated Italian flower-painter,
born near Naples in 1603. His pictures enjoyed a great
reputation in his time, and commanded high prices.
Died in 1673.

Nyberg, nii'be'Rg, (JULIA CHRISTINA,) a Swedish
poetess, whose assumed name was EUPHROSYNE, was
born in 1785. Died April 18, 1854.

Nyctee. See NYCTEUS.

Nyc'teus, [Gr. Ntm-riif ; Fr. NYCTEE, nek'ti',] a
fabulous king of Thebes, said to have been a son of
Neptune and the father of Antiope.

Nye, ni, (EDGAR WILLIAM,) an American humour-
ist, born at Shirley, Maine, in 1850. He was a pro-
lific writer, under the pen-name of Bill Nye, of
humourous sketches, one of whose features was bad
spelling. Died in 1896.

Nyegush, nya-coosh', or Niegosh, (PETER PETRO-
VITCH,) the last Prince-Bishop of Montenegro, was born
in 1813, began to rule in 1830, established a printing-
press in 1834, and died in 1851. He nominated Danilo
I., his nephew, as his successor ; but Danilo, while he
accepted the dignity of prince and made it hereditary in
his family, declined the office of bishop. Peter has been
called the greatest poet of the South Slavic (Serb) na-
tionalities. His " Gorski Vyenac" (" Mountain Wreath")
is extremely popular among the South Slavic peoples.

Nyerup, nu'er-up, (RASMUS,) an eminent Danisk
scholar and antiquary, born at Fiinen in 1759. He was
appointed in 1796 professor of the history of literature
and librarian of the University of Copenhagen. Among
his numerous and valuable works we may name his
"Symbols to Illustrate Teutonic Literature," (1787,) and
" Historical and Statistical Account of the Condition of
Denmark and Norway in Ancient and Modern Times,"
(4 vols., 1802-06.) In conjunction with Rahbek and
Abrahamson, he published in 1812 an edition of old
Danish heroic songs, with historical explanations. He
published, conjointly with Kraft, a work on Danish, Nor-
wegian, and Icelandic biography, entitled " AlmindeJigt
Litteraturlexicon for Danmark, Norge og Island," (3
vols., 1819.) Died in 1829.

Nymaun, nee'man, (GREGOR,) a German physiologist,
born at Wittenberg in 1594. He published "De Vita
Foetus in Utero," (1628,) which is commended. Died
in 1638.

Nymphae, nim'fe, [Gr. Nvp^cu; Fr. NYMPHES, niMf,]
the name of a numerous class of female divinities with
which the imagination of the ancient Greeks peopled
the groves, the mountains, the lakes, the rivers, the
fountains, and the valleys. They may be described as
personifications of the genial and beneficent powers of
nature. Among their common attributes were youth
and beauty. They were divided into several classes or
species, namely, Oceanides and Nereides, sea-nymphs ;
Oreades, mountain-nymphs ; Naiades, fresh-water
nymphs ; Dryades, wood-nymphs, or nymphs of trees ;
Limniades. nymphs of lakes ; and Napaeae, nymphs



as/6; fas/; %,hard; gas/'; G, H, l&.,guttural; N, nasal; ^trilled; sasz; thasinMu. (jJ^^See Explanations, p. 23.)



NYMPHES



1838



OBERLIN



of forests and groves. The poets feigned that the
Nymphs were the nurses of Bacchus, Jupiter, and Pan.
(See OCEANIDES, NEREIDS, OREADS, etc.)

Nymphes. See NYMPK*.

Nym'phis, [Nvp^i;,] a Greek historian, a native of
the Pontic Heraclea, lived about 250 B.C. He wrote a
" History of Alexander the Great and his Successors,"
and two other works. None of these are extant

Nymphodore. See NYMPHODORUS.

Nym-pho-do'rus, [Gr. XvfutxMipo; ; FT. NYMPHO-
noRE, niM'ib'doR',] a Greek surgeon, mentioned by



Celsus and Galen, lived probably in the third centurj
B.C. He invented a machine for the reduction of dislo-
cations.

Nymphodorua, a Greek historian of Amphipolis,
whose epoch is unknown. He wrote a work on the laws
and customs of Asia, called No/iifia 'Ao-iof.

Nysten, ms'ten, (PETER HUBERT,) a Dutch physician,
born at Liege in 1771. He was the author of a "Dic-
tionary of Medicine and its Accessory Sciences," (iSio,)
and "Researches in Physiology and Pathological Chem
istry," (1811.) Died in 1818.



O, d', do, (FRANCOIS,) MARQUIS, a French financier,
born in Paris in 1535. He became superintendent of
the finances in 1578. Died in 1594.

Oakeley, ok'le, (FREDERICK,) an English divine,
born at Shrewsbury, September 5, 1802. In 1824 he
graduated as B.A. at Oxford, and received several pre-
ferments in the English Church, but in 1845 he became
a Romanist, and was afterwards a priest In 1852 he
was appointed Canon of Westminster. He wrote many
works, especially after his conversion to Romanism.
Died January 29, 1880.

Oakeley, (Sir HERBERT STANLEY,) Mus. Doc., an
English musician and composer, born at Ealing in ii>3o.
He was educated at Oxford and Leipsic, and in 1865
became professor of music in the University of Edin-
burgh. He is an organ-player of exceptional ability,
and is also known as a composer of songs and hymns.

Oakes, oks, (JOHN WRIGHT,) an English painter, born
near Middlewich, in Cheshire, July 9, 1820. He won
distinction as a painter of landscapes, and particularly
of coast-scenery. Died July 8, 1887.

Oakes, oks, (1 T RIAN,) a learned nonconformist divine,
born in England in 1631, emigrated to America, and
settled as minister at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1671.
He became president of Harvard College in 1680. Died
in 1681.

Dates, ots, (TlTUS,) a notorious impostor, the in-
ventor of the famous Popish Plot, was born in or near
London about 1650. He became a clergyman of the
Anglican Church, was deprived of his living for vicious
conduct, and turned a Roman Catholic. He passed
tome time in a Jesuit college at Saint-Omer, from which
he was expelled in 1677. In 1678 he appeared as an
informer, and swore that the pope and Jesuits had con-
spired to massacre the prominent Protestants, make
themselves masters of the kingdom, and establish popery.
His story was generally credited, and produced a furious
excitement. Many Catholics were put to death for
alleged complicity in the plot Gates received a pension
of jti2OO. After the accession of James II. he was
convicted of perjury, severely whipped, and imprisoned
from 1685 to 1689. He died in 1705.

See MACAULAY, " History of England ;" BURNBT, " History of bis
Own Times;" HUME, " History of England;" EVKLVN, "Diary."

Ob-a-di'ah, [Heb. m^;',] one of the minor Hebrew
prophets, lived probably about 590 B.C. Nothing is
known respecting the events of his life. His prophecy
is comprised in a single chapter.

Obeidah. See ABOO-OBEYDAH.

O'Beime, o-beern', ? (THOMAS LEWIS,) an Irish prel-
ate and writer, born in the county of Longford in 1748.
He accompanied Lord Howe to America, as his chaplain,
in 1775, and was created, after his return, Bishop of
Meath. He was the author of a poem entitled "The
Crucifixion," (1776,) and of several prose works. Died
in 1823.

Obelerio, o-ba-la're-o, a Venetian doge, born about
760, began to rule in 804 A.D., soon after which Venice
was invaded by Pepin, King of the Lombards, He was
xiled in 809, and died in 831 A.D.

Obentraut, von, fun o'ben-tRowt', (JOHANN MI-
CHAEL,) a German general, born in the Palatinate in
1574. He fought for Frederick, Elector Palatine, and
was second in command of the army which, under Ernst



of Mansfeld, gained advantages over Spinola and Tilly
in Flanders. He was killed in battle at Kalemberg in
1625.

O'ber, (FREDERICK ALBION,) an American author,
born at Beverly, Massachusetts, Febiuary 13, 1849. In
1874 he explored the Okeechobee region of Florida. He
made extended explorations in the smaller West India
islands, 1877-80, (where he discovered twenty-two new
species of birds,) and afterwards travelled extensively in
Yucatan and Mexico, South America, West Indies,
etc. His works include " Camps in the Caribbees,"
(1879,) "Young Folks' History of Mexico," (1882,)
" Puerto Rico and its Resources," etc.

Obereit, o'beh-rit', (JAKOB HERMANN,) a German
or Swiss alchemist and mystic, born in Aargau in 1725,
practised medicine in his early life. He wrote, besides
other works, a "Defence of Mysticism," (1775.) and
"Promenades de Gamaliel, Juif Philosophe," (1780.)
Died at Jena in 1798.

Oberhauser, o'ber-hoi'zer, (BENEDICT,) a German
canonist, born in Upper Austria in 1719 ; died in 1786.

See "Memoria B. Oberhauseri," Saltzburg, 1786.

Oberhauser, (GKORG,) a manufacturer of micro-
scopes, was born at Anspach, in Bavaria, in 1798. He
became a resident of Paris about 1815, and made some
improvement in the form of microscopes. Between 1831
and 1856 he constructed a great number of these instru-
ments, which were largely exported. Died in 1868.

Oberkampf, o'ber-kampf, (CHRISTOPH PHILIPP,) a
distinguished German artisan, born at Weissenbach in
1738. Having removed to France, he established at
Jouy the first manufactory of printed cottons, (1759.)
He brought this art to a degree of excellence hitherto
unknown, and conferred an immense benefit upon his
adopted country. He received from Napoleon the cros
of the legion of honour. Died in 1815.

ObeTlin, o'ber-lin, [Ger. pron. o'b?R-leen' ; Fr. pron.
o'be'R'laN',] (JEAN FREDERIC,) an eminent philanthropist
and reformer, born at Strasburg in 1740. In compliance
with his father's wishes, he studied theology, instead of
embracing the military profession, for which he had a
strong inclination. He became in 1766 Protestant pastor
of the Steinthal, or Ban de la Roche, a barren and rocky
valley in Alsace, the inhabitants of which, owing to their
country having been repeatedly laid waste during the
French and German wars, were in a state cf wretched
poverty and ignorance. Oberlin now devoted himself
to the reform which had been begun by his predecessor,
Stouber, and, by his energy and mildness, succeeded in
overcoming the prejudices of the people, who at first
opposed all innovations. Besides great improvements
in agriculture and the mechanical arts, he introduced
many new employments, such as cotton-spinning, weav-
ing, and straw-plaiting. He founded schools, to which
he gave competent teachers, originated infant-schools,
and took upon himself the principal religious instruction
of his parishioners. So highly was Oberlin esteemed
for the excellence of his character, and so deep was the
sense of the benefits he had conferred, that during the
troubles of the French Revolution the Ban de la Roche
remained undisturbed ; and he received from Louis
XVIII. the cross of the legion of honour, (1819.) After
the death of his wife, (1784,) Oberlin was assisted in his



a. e, !, o, u, y, lon^; a, e. 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, ii, y, short: a, e. i, o, obscure; fir. fill, fjt; m?t; nut; good; moon;



OBERLIN



OCEANUS



benevolent labours by his housekeeper, Louisa Schepler,
formerly a servant in his family. She obtained from the
French Academy, in 1829, one of the Montyon Prizes
of Virtue, (five thousand francs.) Oberlin died in 1826,
after a short illness, at the age of eighty-six.

See AUGUST NBANDHR, " Zu'ge aus dem Leben und Wirken des
Pastors Oberlin," 1835 ; PAUL MERLIN, " Le Pasteur Oberlin," 1833 ;
ROTHEBT, " Leben J. F. Oberlins," 1847; "The Ban de la Roche
and its Benefactor," London, 1820: " Le Pasteur Oberlin, Souvenir
d'Alsace," 1824; H. LUTTEROTH. " Notice sur J. F. Oberlin," 1826;
D. E. STOKBER, "Vie de J. F. Oberlin," 1834: G. H. VON SCHU-
BERT, " Ziige aus dem Leben Oberlins," 1834 ; " Memoirs of J. F.
Oberlin," London, 8th edition, 1838.

Oberlin, (JEREMIE JACQUES,) a scholar and antiquary
of high reputation, born at Strasburg in 1735, was a
brother of Jean Frederic, noticed above. He became
professor of logic and metaphysics in the university of
his native city, (1782.) Among his principal works are
his " Tables of Roman Rites," (" Rituum Romanorum
Tabulae," etc., 1774,) and "On the Amatory Poets of
Alsatia in the Middle Ages," (" De Poetis Alsatiae Ero-
ricis Medii /Evi," 1786.) He also published excellent
editions of Horace, Tacitus, and other Latin classics.
Died in 1806.

Oberweg. See OVERWEG.

Obrecht, o'bRSKt, (ELIAS,) an antiquary, brother of
Ulrich, noticed below, was born at Strasburg in 1654.
He wrote several treatises on Roman antiquities. Died
in 1698.

Obrecht, (GEORG,) a German jurist, born at Stras-
burg in 1547 ; died in 1612.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 188 of 425)