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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Obrecht, (ULRICH,) a learned jurist, grandson of the
preceding, was born at Strasburg in 1646. He published
a number of legal works, and editions of Latin classics.
Died in 1701.

Obregon, o-bRa-g6n', (BERNARDINO,) a Spaniard,
born near Burgos in 1540, founded an order of monks
devoted to the service of the sick in hospitals. Died
in 1599.

Obrenovitch or Obrenowitsch, o-bra-no'vitch,
(MiLoscH,) styled Prince of Servia, born in 1780, was
originally a Servian peasant. He became about 1815 a
leader of the Servian insurgents, and gained several vie- j
lories over the Turks. In iSloor 1817 he was elected
prince. He afterwards made a compromise with the
Sultan, who permitted him to govern Servia as tributary
to the Turkish empire. His tyranny having provoked
his subjects to revolt, he abdicated in 1839. He was
restored in January, 1859, and died in 1860.

See FOSSART, "Das Leben des Fu'rsten MUosch und seine
Kriege." 1836.

O'Bri'fn, an Irish family of rank, descended from the j
famous chieftain Brian Boroimhe, who was slain at the
battle of Clontarf, in 1014. MURROUGH O'BRIEN was |
created in 1800 Marquis of Thomond. Died in 1808. His
nephew, JAMES O'BRIEN, Marquis of Thomond, served as
a naval officer against the French, and in 1847 was made
an admiral. Sir Lucius O'BRIEN, born in 1800, became
lord lieutenant of Clare in 1843. He was twice chosen a
member of Parliament for Clare, and was a zealous ad-
vocate of conservative principles. His brother, WILLIAM
SMITH O'BRIEN, born in 1803, was elected to Parliament
for the county of Limerick in 1832. Here he became
an earnest coadjutor of O'Connell in the Repeal move-
ment. He was afterwards the leader of a party called
" Young Ireland," which, not satisfied with the legal
agitation of O'Connell, advocated a forcible separation
from England. Soon after the French revolution of
1848 he visited Paris, but, disappointed in his hopes of
assistance from France, he returned to Dublin, where he
summoned a national convention of three hundred mem-
bers. This assembly was prohibited by the government,
and O'Brien, with other leaders, was arrested. He was
condemned to death ; but this sentence was afterwards
commuted to banishment, and in 1849 he was sent to
Australia. He was subsequently pardoned. Diedini864-

O'Brien, (FlTZ-jAMEs,) an American litterateur, of
Irish birth. Born in 1829, he emigrated to this country
in 1852, and soon became a well-known contributor to
magazine literature. On the breaking out of the rebel-
lion he enlisted in the Union army, and in February, 1862,
died of a wound received in battle. A collection of his



tales and poems, with a biographical sketch, was issued
by William Winter.

O'Brien, (HENRY,) an Irish scholar, born in the
county of Kerry about 1800. He graduated at Trinity
College, Dublin, in 1831. He published the "Round
Towers of Ireland," (1834.) Died at Hanwell, England,
June 28, 1835.

.O'Brien, (Lucius RICHARD,) a Canadian painter,
born at Lake Simcoe, Ontario, in 1832. On the found-
ing of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in iSSo
he became its president, retiring in 1890.

O'Brien, (WILLIAM,) an Irish patriot, was born
at Mallow in 1832. He represented that town and
other places in Parliament after 1883, was a bitter and
incisive speaker, and was four times imprisoned for
his journalistic utterances. Being liberated on bail
in 1890, he escaped to the United States to fill a
lecture engagement, then returned, and was sent to
prison; was again in Parliament 1892-95. He wrote
in prison, " When we were Boys," (1890,) also
published " Irish Ideas," (1894,) and "A Queen of
Men," (1897.)

Ob'se-quens, (JuLius,) a Roman writei, of whose
personal history nothing is known. He was the author
of a work entitled " De Prodigiis," in which he records
the wonderful occurrences from the foundation of Rome
to the time of Augustus. Some parts of it which were
lost have been supplied by Lycosthenes, (Woolfhart.)

Obsopoeus. See OPSOPCEUS.

O'Callaghan, o-kal'la-Han, (EDMUND BAILEY,) M.D.,
LL.D., an Irish-American historian, born at Mallow, in
Ireland, about 1803. He was educated partly in Paris
and partly in Quebec, where he was licensed to practise
medicine in 1827. He was for a time a journalist and
politician of Montreal, and after 1837 lived chiefly in
New York and Albany. Among his numerous publica-
tions are a "History of New Netherland," (1845-48,)
'Documentary History of New York," (4vols., 1849-51,)
"Laws and Ordinances of New Netherland," (1869,)
etc. Died in the city of New York, May 29, 1880.

Ocana, de, da o-kan'ya, (FRANCISCO,) a Spanish poet,
born in the latter part of the sixteenth century, was the
author of religious poems.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

O'Car'o-lan, (TURLOUGH,) a famous Irish bard and
musical composer, born in 1670, was a skilful performer
on the harp. Died in 1738.

Oc'cam or Ockham, ok'kam, (WILLIAM,) an Eng-
lish philosopher and eminent logician, surnamed THE
INVINCIBLE DOCTOR, born in Surrey in the thirteenth
century, was the founder of a sect called by his name.
He studied theology under Duns Scotus, whose tenets
of Realism he opposed, and aimed to restore those ol
Nominalism. He was excommunicated by Pope John
XXII. for his bold defence of the emperor Louis of
Bavaria against the encroachments of the papal power.
Among his principal works is a treatise " On the Power
of the Sovereign Pontiff." Died at Munich in 1347.

See B. HAURHAU, "De la Philosophic scolastique."

Occleve. See HOCCLEVE.

Occo, ok'ko, (ADOLF,) a German physician and nu-
mismatist, born at Augsburg in 1524. He published
"The Coins of the Roman Emperors," (" Imperatorurn
Romanorum Numismata," 1579,) and other works. Died
in 1604.

See BRUCKER, "Vita A. Occoni."

Oc'cpm, (SAMSON,) a converted Indian, born in New
London county, Connecticut, about 1723, became cele-
brated as a preacher among his people, and in 1766
visited England. Died in 1792.

Ocean. See OCEANUS.

O-ce-anl-des, [Gr. 'H/teavWcc ; Fr. OCKANIDES, o'si'-
S'ned',] sea-nymphs or ocean-nymphs, daughters of
Oceanus and Tethys. They were supposed to have
been several thousand in number. (See NYMPHA)

O-ce'a-nus, [Gr. 'Uavoc ; Fr. OCEAN, o'si'ta',] in
classic mythology, was the god of the river Oceanus, by
which the ancient Greeks supposed the earth to be sur-
rounded. According to Hesiod, he was the first-born



f as k ; 5 as s; g hard; g as/'; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (



anations, p. 23. )



OCELLUS



1840



O' CONNOR



of the Titans, the son of Uranus and Ge, (or Ccelus and
Terra,) the husband of Tethys, and a parent of the
Oceanides and of several thousand rivers.

O-cel'lus Lu-ca'nus, so named from his birthplace,
Lucania, in Italy, is supposed to have been a disciple of
Pythagoras, and to have flourished about 500 B.C. His
treatise " On the Nature of the Universe" is the only
one of his works extant. It maintains the doctrine of
the eternity of the world.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge^rale."

Oceola. See OSCEOLA.

Ocheda, o-ka'da, (ToMMASO,) an Italian litterateur,
born at Tortona in 1757, became librarian to Lord Spen-
cer in 1790. He wrote essays on philosophy. Died in 1831.

Ochm. See OCHINO.

Ochiuo, o-kee'no, [Lat OCHI'NUS ; Fr. OCHIN,
o'shaN',] (BERNARDINO,) one of the most celebrated
Italian Protestants, was born at Sienna in 1487. He
became a popular preacher, and was chosen general ol
the order of Capuchins in 1538. It is also stated that
he was confessor to Pope Paul III., and was venerated
as a saint. Having formed an acquaintance with Juan
Valdez, a Reformer, he avowed his conversion to the
Protestant faith, and escaped to Geneva in 1542. In-
vited by Cranmer, he went to England in 1547, and
preached in London until the accession of Queen Mary,
in 1553, after which he lived at Zurich. He became a
Unitarian, and was banished from Zurich about 1562.
Died in Moravia in 1564. He had published several
volumes of sermons, and other works on theology.

See MARCHANP. " Dictionnaire Historique ;" BAYLB, " Historical
and Critical Dictionary ;" "Nouvelle Biographic Generale;" BKN-
*ATH'S " Life of Ochino," translated by HELEN ZIMMBKN, 1876.

Ochinus. See OCHINO.

Ochoa, de, da o-cho'a, (Don EUGENIO,) a Spanish
writer and translator, born in Madrid about 1815. He
wrote various works in prose and verse, and translated
many from the French and English. Died in 1872.

Ochosias or Ochozias,* the French form of the
name AHAZIAH, which see.

Ochoziah or Ochozias. See OCHOSIAS.

Ochs, oks, (PETER,) a Swiss statesman and jurist,
born at Bale in 1749, was chancellor and grand tribune
of Bale. He was created by Napoleon a councillor of
state, and director of the Helvetic republic. He wrote
a " History of Bale," (" Geschichte von Basel," 6 vols.,
1785-1822,) and also published several dramas. Died
in 1821.

Ochsenbein, ok'sen-bin', (ULRICH,) a Swiss poli-
tician and general, born in the canton of Berne in 1811.
He was a leader of the radical party, and became presi-
dent of the Federal Diet in 1847. He took a prominent
part in the war against the seven Catholic cantons,
which formed a separate confederacy, called the " Sun-
derbund," in 1847. Died at Berne, November 3, 1890.

Ochterlony, oK'ter-lo'ne, (Sir DAVID,) a British gene-
ra], born in 1758. He served in India, and distinguished
himself in the campaign of Nepaul in 1815-16. Died
in 1825.

Ockenfuss. See OKEN.

Ockenhein. See OKEGHEM.

Ock'ley, (SlMON,) an English divine and Oriental
scholar, born at Exeter in 1678, became professor of
Arabic in the University of Cambridge in 1711. He
published in 1718 his " History of the Saracens," a valu-
able work, which is commended by Gibbon. He also
translated the second Apocryphal Book of Esdras from
the Arabic version, and wrote an " Introduction to the
Oriental Tongues," (1706.) Died in 1720.

See CHALMERS, "Biographical Dictionary."

O'Con'neU, (DANIEL,) a famous Irish orator and
political agitator, born near Cahirciveen, Kerry, in Au-
gust, 1775, was educated as a Roman Catholic at Saint-
Omer, in France. He entered Lincoln's Inn as a student
of law in 1794, and was admitted to the bar in 1798. He
quickly attained the foremost rank in his profession, and
became pre-eminent as the advocate of Catholic eman-
cipation, i.e. the relief of Catholics from political dis-
abilities. In the promotion of this cause he entirely



* Cowley following, it would seem, the French spelling writes
be Dame, in English, Ochozian. (See " Davideis," book ii.,Tine 595.)



discouraged a resort to physical force. He married his
cousin, Mary O'Connell, about 1802. In 1823 he founded
the Catholic Association. He was elected a member
of Parliament for Clare in 1828, and refused to take the
oath which was designed expressly to exclude Roman
Catholics from the House. This affair caused a violent
excitement and agitation, which resulted in the passage
of the bill for Catholic emancipation in 1829, and O'Con-
nell then took his seat in the House of Commons. He
represented Dublin in Parliament from 1832 to 1835,
and from 1837 to 1841. Having given up his lucrative
practice to devote himself to legislative duties, he was
indemnified by an annual subscription raised by his polit-
ical friends under the name of "rent" About 1840 he
commenced an agitation for the repeal of the union, on
which subject he made speeches at monster meetings in
Ireland in 1842 and 1843. He was arrested, tried, and
found guilty of sedition or conspiracy, for which he was
sentenced in 1844 to imprisonment for one year, and
fined two thousand pounds. This judgment was reversed
by the House of Lords. He supported the Whig min-
istry which came into power in 1846, after which he
witnessed a decline of his influence in Ireland and the
rise of dissensions among his followers. He died at
Genoa in May, 1847, in the course of a journey to Rome.
See " Life and Times of Daniel O'Connell," by his son JOHN, j
vols., 1846 : FAGAN, " Life and Times of Daniel O'Connell," a vols.,
if

ci

L

Magazine" for May, 1841.

O'Con'npr, (ARTHUR,) an Irish general, born at Ban-
don, near Cork, in 1767, was a Protestant He joined
the society of United Irishmen, who sent him on a secret
mission to France, where he negotiated with General
Hoche about the liberation of Ireland. In 1797 or 1798
he was tried on a charge of treason, and acquitted. He
entered the French service, and became a general of
division in 1804. About 1807 he married Elisa, a
daughter of the famous Condorcet Died in 1852.

See THOMAS MOORS, "Life and Death of Lord Edward Fit-
gerald," 1831 : " Nouvelle Biographic G^ne'rale."

O'Connor, (FEARGUS,) the celebrated leader of the
English Chartists, was born near Cork, in Ireland, in
1796. In 1832 he became a member of Parliament foi
the county of Cork, and acquired great popularity with
the radicals. Dissatisfied with the moderate policy of
O'Connell, he advocated the rights of the working-class,
whom he succeeded in uniting into a numerous party
called Chartists. In 1838 they summoned a national
convention in London, in order to prepare for a general
insurrection. In November, 1839, after a sanguinary
conflict at Newport, the Chartists were dispersed by the
government troops, and many of their leaders taken
and transported. O'Connor, however, who had carefully
avoided any infringement of the law, escaped, and soon
after founded.a journal called "The Northern Star,"
which obtained an immense circulation. In 1843 he
returned to Ireland, where he engaged with ardour in the
repeal agitation, and in 1847 was elected to Parliament
for Nottingham. After the French revolution of 1848
he called another convention, and presented to the
House of Commons a monster petition for the introduc-
tion of the national charter, which produced no effect
Disappointed in his hopes of reform both in England
and Ireland, O'Connor fell into a state of hopeless
lunacy, and in 1852 he was taken to an insane- asylum.
Died in 1855.

See " Eraser's Magazine" for February, 1848.

O'Con'npr, (JAMES,) D.D.,a bishop, born at Queens-
town, Ireland, September 10, 1823, was educated in
Philadelphia and at Rome, graduating in 1848, was a
Roman Catholic priest and theological professor in
Pittsburg and Philadelphia, 1857-76, and in 1876 was
consecrated Bishop of Dibona and am ointed Vicar-
Apostolic of Omaha, Nebraska. Died in 1890.

O'Connor, (MICHAEL,) D.D., a bishop, born at Cork,
in Ireland, September 27, 1810. He was educated at
Rome, and in 1838 was placed in charge of a Roman
Catholic seminary near Philadelphia. In 1843 he was
consecrated Bishop of Pittsburg. He was appointed



i. e. T. o, ~, y, long; i. e. 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T. 6, u, J, short; a, e, i, 9. obscure: far, fill, fat; m8t; not; good; moon:



O' CONNOR



1841



ODESCALCHI



Bishop of Erie in 1853, but was translated to his former
Bee in 1854. In 1860 he resigned his episcopal office and
became a Jesuit. Died at Woodstock, Maryland, October
1 8, 1872.

O'Connor, (THOMAS POWER,) an Irish author, born
at Athlone in 1848. He was educated at a Catholic
college at Athlone, and graduated B. A. from the Queen's
University. He followed journalism in Dublin and
London, and in 1880 entered Parliament for Galway as
a Home Ruler. His severely critical "Life of Lord
Beaconsfield" has much literary merit.

O'Connor, (WILLIAM DOUGLAS,) an American novel-
ist, born in Boston, January 2, 1832. He followed jour-
nalism in Boston and Philadelphia, and wrote " Harring-
ton," (a romance, 1860,) "The Ghost," (1856,) and other
itories and poems. In 1861 he entered the employ of
the government and became assistant superintendent of
the " Life-Saving Service." Died May 9, 1889.

O'Con'pr, (CHARLEJ,) a distinguished American law-
yer, the son of an Irish gentleman, was born in New York
in 1804. He was admitted to the bar in 1826, and attained
the highest professional rank. A zealous defender of
purely Democratic politics, he never was a strictly party
man. He was a Catholic in religion, and a gentleman
of the noblest private character. Died at Nantucket,
Massachusetts, May 12, 1884.

O'Conor, (CHARLES PATRIC,) an Irish poet, born
about 1836, in the South of Ireland, of extremely desti-
tute parents. Having removed to England, he became
a lecturer and writer. Among his works are "Songs of
a Life," " New Irish Melodies," " Songs for Soldiers,"
and some tales of Irish life.

O'Conor, (Sir NICHOLAS RODERICK,) a British
diplomatist, born in Ireland in 1843. After long
service in minor positions, he was minister at Peking
1892-95, ambassador at St. Petersburg 1895-98, and
at Constantinople after 1898.

Oc-ta'vl-a, \Fr. OCTAVIE, ok'tS've',) a Roman lady,
born about 70 B.C., was a daughter of C. Octavius, and
a sister of the emperor Augustus. She was married
first to Marcellus, who died in 41. Soon after his death
she became the wife of Mark Antony. This marriage
was intended to confirm amicable relations between
Antony and Augustus. By her beauty and virtue she
obtained a favourable influence over Antony for a short
time. She accompanied him in his expedition against
the Parthians as far as Corcyra ; but, supplanted in the
affections of Antony by Cleopatra, she was sent back
to Italy and divorced. Died in 1 1 B.C.

Octavia, a Roman empress, born in 42 A.D., was a
daughter of the emperor Claudius and Messalina. She
was married in 53 to Nero, who became emperor. He
divorced her in 62 A.D., and a few months later put her
to death.

Octavian or Octavlanus. See AUGUSTUS, (Em-
peror of Rome.)

Octavie. See OCTAVIA.

Octaviua. See AUGUSTUS.

Oc-ta'vl-us, (CAlus,) the father of the emperor Au-
gustus. He married Atia, a daughter of Julia, who was
a sister of Julius Caesar. He became praetor in 61 B.C.,
and was proconsul in Macedonia in 60. Died in 58 B.C.
His official conduct was highly commended by Cicero.
Velleius Paterculus characterizes him as "gravis, sanc-
tus, innocens, dives." He had a daughter, Octavia,
noticed above.

Octavius, (CNEIUS,) a Roman officer, was elected
praetor in 168 B.C., and commanded a fleet sent against
Perseus, King of Macedon, whom he took prisoner. He
was consul in 165 with Manlius Torquatus, and was
assassinated at Laodicea in 162 B.C.

Octavius, (CNEius,) a grandson of the preceding,
was a partisan of Sulla. He became consul in 87 B.C.
as the colleague of L. Cornelius Cinna, who was a
partisan of Marius. The soldiers of Cinna entered
Rome and killed Octavius in 87 B.C.

Octavius, (MARCUS,) a Roman officer, was a partisan
of the senate in the civil war against Caesar. At the
battle of Actium (31 B.C.) he commanded a division of
the fleet of Antony.



O'Cur'rjr, (EUGENE,) an Irish Celtic scholar, born at
Dunaha, county of Clare, in 1796. He was employed
as an antiquarian in the ordnance survey, and was one
of the first to be able to decipher the old Brehon laws.
He published "Lectures," (1861,) and various transla-
tions, and in 1854 was appointed professor of Irish his-
tory and archaeology in the Catholic University of Dublin.
Died at Dublin, July 30, 1862.

Odazzi, o-dat'see, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian painter,
born at Rome about 1663, was a pupil of Giro Ferri.
Died in 1731.

Oddi, od'dee, (Muzio,) an Italian geometer, born at
Urbino in 1569. He wrote "On Sun-Dials or Clocks,"
("Degli Orologi solari nelle Superficie plane," 1614.)
Died in 1639.

Oddi, degli, dil'yee od'dee, ( MARCO, ) an Italian
medical writer, born at Padua in 1526; died in 1591.

Oddi, degli, (Ono,) an Italian physician, born al
Padua, was the father of the preceding. He was pro-
fessor of medicine at Padua, and wrote several medical
works. Died in 1559.

Oddi, degli, (SFORZA,) an Italian poet and jurist,
born at Perugia in 1540; died in 1611.

O-dell', (THOMAS,) an English dramatist, born in
Buckinghamshire, was the author of comedies entitled
"The Chimera" and "The Prodigal." Died in 1749.

See BAKER, " Biographia Dramatica,"

Odenath. See ODENATUS.

Odenathus. See ODENATUS.

Od-e-na'tus or Od-e-na'thus, [ Fr. ODENATH,
o'deh-nit',] Prince of Palmyra, the husband of Zenobia,
was an able general. After the emperor Valerian had
been defeated and captured by the Persians, (260 A.D.,)
Odenatus raised an army, drove Sapor, the Persian king,
from Syria, and assumed the title of King of Palmyra.
He also invaded Persia, and pursued the King of Persia
to Ctesiphon. For these services he received the title
of Augustus from Gallienus, who recognized him as his
colleague in 264. He was assassinated in 266 or 267 A.D.
(See ZENOBIA.)

See TREBELLIUS POLLIO, " Triginta Tyranni ;" G. HOYNS, " Dia-
sen, tun de Zenobije atque Odenathi Rebus," 1847.

Odenheimer, 6'den-hi'mer, (WILLIAM HENRY,)
D.D., D.C.L.,an American bishop, born in Philadelphia,
August II, 1817, graduated at the University of Penn-
sylvania in 1835, and in 1841 was ordained a priest of
the Episcopal Church. He was rector of Saint Peter's,
Philadelphia, from 1841 to 1869, and in the latter year
was consecrated Bishop of New Jersey. In 1874 he
took the new diocese of Northern New Jersey. Died
at Burlington, New Jersey, August 14, 1879. Among
his writings are " Origin and Compilation of the Prayer-
Book," "The True Catholic no Romanist," "Thoughts
on Immersion," " Devout Churchman's Companion,"
"Jerusalem and its Vicinity," and other works.

Oderborn, o'der-bonn', (PAUL,) a Lutheran minister,
born in Pomerania, lived about 1585. He wrote a work
on the Russian religion and customs, "De Russorum
Religione, Ritibus," etc., (1581.)

Oderic. See ODERICO.

Oderico (o-da-ree'ko) [Fr. ODERIC, o'deh-rek'] OF
PORDENONE or PORTENAU, an Italian monk, born at
Pordenone, in the Friuli, in 1286, travelled over a con-
siderable part of Asia as a missionary. His " Life and
Travels" were published after his death, which took
place in 1331.

See VENNI, "Elogio storico del B. Oderico," Venice. 1761.

Oderico, (GASPARO LUDOVICO,) an Italian antiquary,
and librarian of the University of Genoa, born in 1725.
He was the author of several learned treatises on nu-
mismatics and inscriptions, and was a member of the
French Institute. Died in 1803.

See CARREGA, "Elogio storico di G. L. Oderico," Genoa, 1804.

Oderigo da Oubbio. See GUBBIO.

Odescalchi, (BENEDETTO.) See INNOCENT XI.

Odescalchi, o-d?s-kal'kee, (MARCANTONIO,) an Ital-
ian nobleman, eminent for his philanthropy, was a cousin
of Pope Innocent XI. He founded several institutions
for the sick and the friendless, and at his death, in 1670^
left all his property for their benefit.



as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, v.,gitttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in //jit.

116



Explanations, p. 23.)



ODESCALCHI



1842



O DING TON



Odescalchi, (ToMMASO,) a relative of the preceding,
was almoner to Pope Innocent XI. In 1686 he founded
an asylum for the education and employment of poor
children. Died in 1692.

Odevaere, o-d?h-va'reh, (JOSEPHUS DIONYSIUS,) a
celebrated Belgian painter, born at Bruges in 1778. Hav-
ing studied under David in Paris, he visited Rome, where
he executed two large frescos in the Quirinal palace,
and the " Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence," now in a
church of Bruges. He was appointed court painter to
William I., King of the Netherlands, in 1815. Among
his best works may be named the " Peace of Utrecht"
and the " Battle of Nieuport." Died in 1830.

Od'gers, (WILLIAM BLAKE,) a British legal
author, born at Plymouth in 1849. His works include
" King Arthur and the Arthurian Romances," (1872,)
"Odgers on Libel and Slander," (1881,) "Odgers
on Pleading," (1891,) "An Outline of the Law of
Libel," (1897.)

Odier, o'de-i', (Louis,) a distinguished physician,
born at Geneva" in 1748. He finished his studies at
Edinburgh under Dr. Cullen, and, on his return, intro-
duced vaccination into France and Switzerland. He
was a corresponding member of the Institute of France,
and filled several important offices in his native city.
He was the author of a " Manual of Practical Medicine,"
and published, about 1798, in the " Bioliotheque Bri-
tannique," a translation of one of Jenner's treatises
on vaccination. Died in 1817.

Odilo (o'de'lo') or Odilon de Mercceur, o'de'lon'
deh meVkUR', SAINT, a French monk, born in 962, was
eminent for learning. He was elected Abbot of Cluny,
which, under his direction, became one of the most
celebrated monasteries of Europe. Died in 1048 or
1049.

O'din or OSinu, (o'thin,) written also Othin, [called
by the Germans WO'DAN or WO'DEN ; Old German,
WUOTAN, derived from vafa, to "wade, "to "go," to


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 189 of 425)