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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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" pervade,"] in the Norse mythology, the greatest of all
the gods, corresponding in the main to the Zeus or
Jupiter of the Greeks and Romans. His name is sup-
posed to signify "mind" or "spirit." As the father of
the /Esir, (the ruling gods of heaven and earth,) he is
styled All-father, (Al-fbSr or Al-fatSir,) although he him-
self was the son of Bbr," and the grandson of Buri.t
He is also called Val-father, (Val-fbtir, i.e. "father of the
fallen,") because all who fell in battle were supposed to
belong in an especial manner to him. Hence his hall is
called Valhalla, (or Valholl,) the "hall of the fallen" or
"slain." Valhalla is situated in Odin's mansion, called
Gladheim or Gladsheim, (the "home or habitation of
gladness.") The roof of the hall is formed of spears and
shields. The hall itself is surrounded by a roaring river
called Thund, and has five hundred and forty gates,
through each of which eight hundred men can go abreast
Here are assembled all the chosen warriors (Einheriar)
who have fallen in battle ; it is their pastime to fight and
slay each other every day, but the wounded are quickly
healed, and the dead are restored to life. They then
ride back to Valhalla, where they refresh themselves by
drinking mead (or beer) with the gods and feasting on
the flesh of the boar Ssehrimnir. The Valkyries (Val-
kyrjur or Valkyriur) wait upon the warriors, furnish-
ing them with drink and food, (see VALKYRIA ;) but
Odin himself lives on wine alone. Near Valhalla is
Vingolf, the hall where the goddesses assemble. Odin's
throne was called Hlidskjalf (hlid'ske-alf ) or Lidskialf,
whence his eye is said to survey the whole world.

Regarding Odin as the living spirit which pervades
the universe, the Norse poets have represented living



In like manner Jupiter was called " Father of the gods and king
of men," ("DivQm pater atque hominum rex,") although the son of
Saturn, (or Cronos,) who again was the son of Coelus (Uranus) and
Terra, (Ge.)

t BURI, (boo're,) written also BURK, [i.t. "producing," because, be-
ing the first of the Rods, he was the progenitor of all the others,] is
described as a mighty and beautiful being in human form, who came
ioto existence soon after the mythic cow Audhumia began to lick the
frost-covered rocks of the primeval chaos. He had a son named Bbr
fbOR) or Bore, [i.e. "bom" or "produced," and hence " son,"] who
:% said to have married the daughter of the giant Bolthorn, and to
bare had by her three sons, Odin, Vili, and Ve,



nature under the symbol of the ash-tree, (Ygg'drasil 01
Ig'drasil,) that is, the seat or abode of Odin.} "All
life," says Carlyle, " is figured by them [the Northmen]
as a tree. Igdrasil, the Ash-tree of Existence, has its
roots deep down in the kingdom of Hela, (or Death,) its
trunk reaches up heaven-high, spreads its boughs over
the whole universe. ... At the foot of it, in the Death-
kingdom, sit Three Nornas, Fates, the Past, Present,
Future, watering its roots from the sacred Well. . . .
Its boughs are histories of nations. The rustle of it is
the noise of human existence. ... I find no similitude
so true as this of a tree. Beautiful ; altogether beautiful
and great. The 'machine of the universe,' alas, do
but think of that in contrast !"

Although Odin (Spirit or Thought) was the principal
creator of the heavens and the earth, he was assisted by
his brothers Vili (Will) and Ve, (Holiness.) " The gods,
having got the giant Ymir slain," says Carlyle, "deter-
mined on constructing a world with him. His blood
made the sea, his flesh was the land, and the rocks his
bones ; of his eyebrows they formed Asgard, . . . his
skull was the great blue vault of immensity, and the
brains of it became the clouds. What a Hyper-Brob-
dignagian business !" It is, however, only in the creation
of the world that Vili and Ve are mentioned ; they ap-
pear afterwards to have become blended or absorbed
in Odin, the all-embracing World-Spirit. Among Odin's
possessions may be mentioned a horse of wondrons
powers, with eight legs, called Sleipnir, on which he
rides over land and sea ; and Gungnir, (gung'nir,) a
spear, which never failed to strike whatever it was aimed
at. He has also two ravens, named Hugin and Munin,
which he sends forth over the whole world to get intel-
ligence. In addition to his other attributes, Odin was
supposed to possess marvellous powers as a magician.

Odin is to be considered to represent energy and
courage rather than knowledge. Hence it is said that
he once went to Mimir's well, at the root of Yggdrasil,
for a drink from the fountain of knowledge, but, in order
to obtain it, it was necessary for him to deposit one of
his eyes as a pledge, whence he is usually represented
as one-eyed.

War being almost the sole occupation of the ancient
Northmen, Odin, their principal deity, became of neces-
sity the god of war, his character in this respect nearly
corresponding to that of the Mars (Ares) of classic my-
thology.U He is represented as having first introduced
war and slaughter among mankind. Again, he differed
from Jupiter in not wielding the thunderbolt, this weapon
belonging to Thor ; but, in a region where thunder-
storms are comparatively unfrequent, the possession of
the thunderbolt was less essential to the dignity of the
hief of the gods than in the countries where Olympian
Zeus was worshipped. (See THOR.)

Odin is not immortal in the fullest sense ; at Ragna-
rock (the final destruction of the J.S\T and the world)
he is fated to be destroyed by the wolf Fenrir, the off-
spring of Loki. (See LOKI.)

See THORPE, " Northern Mythology," vol. i. : " Religion of th
Northmen," by RUDOLPH KEYSHR, translated by BARCLAY PEN-
NOCK, New York, 1854 ; MALLET, " Northern Antiquities," vol. ii. ,
LONGFELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe," section "Icelandic
Language and Poetry ;" PETKRSSN, " Nordisk Mythologi," p. 30
it seq.

Odin, o'diN', (JOHN MARY,) an archbishop, born at
Ambierle, in France, February 25, 1801. He became a
Lazarist in his youth, studied at Paris, came in 1822 to
the United States, and became a teacher and student in
the Lazarist house at the Barrens, in Missouri. In 1824
he entered upon the laborious life of a travelling mis-
sionary, and was afterwards president of the college at
the Barrens. He was consecrated in 1842 Bishop of
Claudiopolis, and became Vicar-Apostolic of Texas. In
1847 he was installed as Bishop of Galveston, the first
of the title, and in 1861 he was appointed Archbishop
of New Orleans. Died at Ambierle, May 25, 1870.

O'ding-tpn, (WALTER,) a learned English monk under
the reign of Henry VIII., was called WALTER OF EVES-



Odi

1



t Ycc or YCGR (i.e. the " terrible") is one of the many names of
Un. Drasill or drdsull is said to signify " chariot" or " seat "



Mimir signifies the "knowing one."

Saxo Grammaticus, writing in Latin, calls Odin Mars,



i- e, i. 5, u, y.long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y* short; a, e, i, 9, obscure: f^r, fill, fit; mfit; not; good; moon;



ODIOT



1843



OEDER



HAM, from the monastery of that name in Worcester-
shire. He was the author of valuable works on music,
astronomy, and mathematics.

Odiot, o'de'o', (|EAN BAPTISTE CLAUDE,) a French
goldsmith, born in Paris in 1763. His works had a
European reputation. Died in 1850.

Od'ling, ^WILLIAM,) an English chemist, born at
Southwark, September 5, 1829. He studied medicine
at Guy's Hospital, graduated as M.B. of the University
of London in 1851, and became professor of chemistry in
the Royal Institution in 1868. and at the University of
Oxford in 1872. He published various treatises on
chemistry, besides papers on chemical theory, etc.

Odo, o'do', or Odon, o'dcN', [Lat. ODOAR'DUS,] a
French prelate of great learning and influence, was born
at Orleans. He was elected Bishop of Cambray in 1 105.
He wrote several works on theology, which have been
printed. Died in 1 1 13.

See " Gallia Christiana ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

O'do, [Fr. ODON, o'd6N',] SAINT, an English ecclesi-
astic, was patronized by King Alfred and his immediate
successors, and was made Archbishop of Canterbury by
King Edmund in 944. Died in 958.

See W. F. HOOK, "Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury,"
vol. i. ch. vii.

Odo or Odon, SAINT, Abbot of Cluny or Clugny,
was born in France about 879 A.D. He was distinguished
as a reformer of monastic discipline. Died in 943.

See B. HAURHAU, " Histoire litte'raire du Maine."

Odo or Odon de Cpnteville, o'doN' deh koNf
vel', born in Normandy in 1032, was a half-brother of
William the Conqueror. He became Bishop of Bayeux
in 1049. After the conquest of England he obtained
the title of Earl of Kent and Hereford, and was grand
justiciary. He is said to have been cruel r.nd arrogant.
Died in 1097.

See PROVOST, " Histoire de Guillaume le Conqiie"rant ;" " Gallia
Christiana:" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'raJe."

Odo of Kent, Abbot of Battle, an English theolo-
gian, born in Kent, was a friend of Thomas a Becket.
He wrote several works. Died in I2OO.

Od-o-a'cer, [Gr. 'Odooicpoc ; Fr. ODOACRE, o'do'SkR',]
a Gothic military commander in the service of the West-
ern r.oman empire. Soon after the deposition of the
emperor Julius Nepos by Orestes, who had usurped the
throne in the name of his son Romulus, Odoacer ad-
vanced to Pavia, took Orestes prisoner, and caused him
to be executed, in 475 A.D. Having banished Romulus,
he was proclaimed King of Italy by his army; but he
refused the imperial titles, and the Western Empire was
thenceforth considered at an end. In 488, Theodoric,
King of the Ostrogoths, invaded Italy, and besieged
Odoacer in Ravenna. After a brave and protracted re-
sistance, he was compelled to surrender, and was exe-
cuted in 493, by order of Theodoric, who proclaimed
himself king.

See GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire;" LB
BEAU, " Histoire du Has- Empire :" JORNANDES, " De Rebus Goth-
icis;" PROCUPIUS, " Bellum Gothicum;" "Nouvelle Biographic
G&ierale."

Odoacre. See ODOACER.

Odoardus. See ODO.

O-do-fre'dus, an Italian jurist of high reputation,
born at Bologna; died in 1265.

Odolant-Desnos, o'do'loV d^'no', (JOSEPH,) a
French savant, born at Alen9on in 1797, wrote several
scientific and descriptive works.

Odolant-Deanos, (PIERRE JOSEPH,) a French writer
on various subjects, born at Alen9on in 1722, was grand-
father of the preceding. Died in 1801.

Odon. See ODO.

O'Don'nell, (LEOPOLD,) Count of Lucena and Duke
of Tetuan, a Spanish general, of Irish extraction, was
born in 1808 or 1809. He fought for the queen against
the Carlists in the civil war which began about 1833, and
defeated Cabrera at Lucena in 1839. He became the
enemy of Espartero, whom he drove from power in 1843.
In 1854 he instigated a revolt which resulted in a change
of the ministry, and he was appointed minister of war.
He was prime minister from July to October, 1856, and
was restored to the same office in June, 1858. He com-



manded with success in a war against Morocco in 1859-
60. He died in exile at Biarritz ia 1867.

O'Don'nell or O'Don'el, (RODERICK,) was created
Earl of Tyrconnel by James I. in 1603. Several of his
descendants espoused the cause of James II., and, after
his defeat at the battle of the Boyne, settled in Austria,
where they rose to distinction in the State and the army.
CHARLES O'DONNELL served in the Seven Years' war,
and became field-marshal lieutenant, and in 1768 was
made Governor-General of Transylvania. Died in 1770.
MAURICE O'DONNELL married Christine, daughter of
the Prince of Ligne, and rose to be chamberlain and
field-marshal lieutenant. Died in 1843. JOSEPH HENRY
O'DONNELL entered the Spanish service about 1795,
and gained several advantages over the French. For
his victory at L'Abispal he received the title of Count
of Abispal. Having subsequently incurred the sus-
picions of the constitutional party, he was deprived of
his command, and took refuge in France, where he
died in 1834.

O'Don'o-van, (JoHN,) an Irish archaeologist and
eminent Celtic scholar, born in Kilkenny county about
1808. He produced, besides other works, "The Annals
of Ireland by the Four Masters, from the Earliest His-
toric Period to A.D. 1616," etc., (3 vols. 410, 1848-51.)
Died in 1861.

See ALLIBONE, "Dictionary of Authors."

Odoran, o'do'r&N', or Odoraune, o'do'rin', a French
monk of Sens, born in 985. He wrote a general chron-
icle from 675 to 1032. Died after 1045.

Odorico da Pordenone. See ODERICO.

O-dys'seus, [Gr. 'OAvooevf; Fr. ODYSSEE, o'de'si',1
the Greek name of the hero of Homer's "Odyssey.
(See ULYSSES.)

CBagre. See O2AGRUS.

CEagrus, ee'a-grus, [ Gr. Olaypof ; Fr. CEAGRE,
a'igR',] a semi-fabulous king of Thrace, was the father
of Orpheus and Linus.

CEcolampade. See O2COLAMPADIUS.

CBcolampadius, ek-o-lam-pa'de-us, [Ger. pron.
a-ko-lam-pa'de-us ; Fr. CEcoLAMPADE, 4 ko'lflN'ptd';
Ger. OEKOLAMPAD, b-ko-lam-pat',] an eminent German
Reformer, whose original name was HAUSSCHEIN or
HUSGEN, was born in Franconia in 1482. He studied
theology at Heidelberg, and became in 1515 pastor of
a church at Bale, in Switzerland, where he strongly de-
nounced the abuses of the Roman Church. About 1523
he openly declared in favour of the Reformed faith, and
in 1524 was appointed professor of divinity at Bale. In
the controversy between Luther and Zuinglius concern-
ing the real presence, he adopted the views of the latter.
He was the author of numerous theological works, among
vhich may be named his Commentaries on Isaiah, Job,
Daniel, and Jeremiah, a treatise "On the Passover,"
(" De Ritu Paschali,") and "Annotations on Genesis."
He was one of the most profound scholars of his time,
and was remarkable for the moderation and general
excellence of his character. Died in 1531.

See W. CAPITO, " Vita J. Oecolampadii," 1793 ; GRYN^US, " Vita
J. Oecolampadii," 1536; S. Hass, " Lebensbeschreibung des Dr. J.
Oecolampadius," 1793: WAGNER, " Lebensbeschreibung des Oeco-
lampadius," 1804 ; J. J. HRRZOG, "Das Leben J. Oekolampads, " a
vjls., 1843; "Nouvelle Biographic G^neYale."

CBcumeniua, ek-u-mee'ne-us, Bishop of Tricca, in
Thessaly, is supposed to have flourished in the ninth or
tenth century. He wrote Commentaries on the Acts,
on Saint Paulas Epistles, and on the Apocalypse.

See CAVE, " Historia Literaria,"

Oeder, b'der, (GEORG LUDWIG,) a German extgetical
writer, the father of the following, was born near Anspach
in 1694. He published several commentaries on the
Scriptures. Died in 1760.

Oeder, (GEORG LUDWIG,) a distinguished Germar
botanist, born at Anspach in 1728. He studied at Got-
tingen under Haller, through whose influence he was
appointed professor of botany at Copenhagen in 1752.
His most important work is his splendid " Flora Danica,"
(3 vols., 1762-72,) illustrated with upwards of sixteen
hundred figures of plants. It was afterwards continued
by Miiller. The gth and last volume was issued in 1814.
Oeder also wrote several able treatises on political econ-
omy and finance. Died in 1791.



; 9asj.- gAurd: gas/; G, H, K, guttural '; N, nasal; R, trilled; sass; th as in this. (J[y = See Explanations, p.



(EDIPE



1844



OERSTED



CBdipe. See CEDIPUS.

CBdipus, ?d'e-pus, [Gr. Oiiinovf; Fr. CEDIPE, i'dep',]
a son of Laius, King of Thebes, and Jocasta, was cele-
brated in Greek mythology and tragic poetry as a type
or instance of the fatality which man cannot escape.
According to the legend, an oracle warned Laius that if
he ever had a son, that son should kill his father and
marry his mother. Laius therefore exposed his first-
born son soon after his birth, in order that he might
perish ; but he was found by a shepherd of Polybus, King
of Corinth, was named CEdipus, and brought up as the
son of Polybus. Having consulted the oracle of Delphi,
he was informed that he should commit parricide. In
the course of a journey he met Laius in the road, with
attendants, who provoked a quarrel, in which CEdipus
killed the King of Thebes. Soon after this event the
throne of Thebes and the hand of Jocasta, the queen,
were offered to him who shovild solve the riddle of the
Sphinx. (See SPHINX.) CEdipus solved the riddle, ob-
tained the throne, and became father of several children
by Jocasta. lie afterwards discovered his guilt, and
suffered penalties and misfortunes of which contradictory
accounts are given by different writers.

See SOPHOCLES, "CEdipus T-Tannus;" "The Odyssey," book
xi. ; EURIPIDES, " Phcenissz ;" SMITH, " Dictionary of Greek and
Roman Biography and Mythology."

CEdmaii, bd'man, (SAMUEL,) a Swedish savant and
theologian, born in Smaland in 1750. He became pro-
fessor of theology at Upsal in 1806, and wrote com-
mentaries on the Scriptures. Died in 1829.
Oedumla. See AUDHUMLA.

Oefele, 6'feh-leh, (FRANZ IGNAZ,) a skilful German
painter, born at Posen in 1721 ; died in 1797.

CBgir, [from ago, to "shudder at," to "dread,"] or
Hler, hlair, i.e. the "Shelterer," [from Ml, "lee,"] the
god of the sea or ocean. His wife Ran has a net, with
which, it is said, she catches seafarers. Their nu-
merous daughters are the waves of the ocean. CEgir
and Hler appear to have been originally regarded as
two distinct personages, the former ruling over the
stormy, the latter over the tranquil, sea. Ran (signifying
"robbery," or "one who robs or bereaves") represents
the tendency of the sea to rob men of life and of their
most precious treasures. It is related in one of the Norse
legends that, the >Esir having once paid a visit to CEgir,
he was in want of a kettle large enough to brew beer
for them. Thereupon Thor and Tyr went to the dwell-
ing of the giant Hymir, who had a very spacious kettle,
a mile deep. Thor grasped the kettle by the rim and
threw it over his head, so that the rings came down to his
feet, almost hiding him from view. After that, CEgir and
the JEsir had an ample supply of beer for their banquets.
See THORPE, " Northern Mythology," vol. i. pp. 67-69 : KEYSER,
" Religion of the Northmen ;" PETERSEN, " Nordisk Mythologt"

OehlenschlSger or Ohlenschlager, 6'len-shla'ger,
(ADAM GOTTLOB,) an eminent Danish poet, born in a
suburb of Copenhagen on the I4th of November, 1779,
was the son of a German who had settled in Denmark.
He began at an early age to write plays, which he would
art in company with his sister and young associates. His
enthusiasm for the drama introduced him to the notice
and friendship of Rahbek and Rosing. He was after-
wards attracted to the study of Scandinavian antiquities
and historical legends, which furnished material for
some of his most popular dramas. He published in
1805 a collection of poems, including the dramatic tale
of " Aladdin," which displays the splendid colouring of
Oriental fiction. The same year he visited Germany,
where he acquired the friendship of Goethe, Tieck, and
other celebrated writers of the time. While there he
composed several dramas in Danish, which he translated
into German and submitted to the criticism of his
friends. From Germany he proceeded to Paris, and
thence to Rome, returning to Copenhagen in 1810. He
had written during his absence his tragedies of " Pal-
natoke," (1809,) "Axel and Valborg," (iSio,) and "Cor-
reggio," which are ranked among his best productions.
He was appointed soon after his return professor of
aesthetics in the University of Copenhagen, and the same
year married Christiana Heger, a sister of Rahbek's
wife. Among the most important of his other works are



the dramas of " Hakon Jarl," " Stserkodder," " Hagbarth
and Signa," (1814,) "The Normans at Byzantium,"
'Charlemagne," " Tordenskiold," and " Amleth," also
the poems entitled "Helge," (1814,) "Hroar's Saga,"
P l8l7,)and his splendid epic, "The Gods of the North,"
'" Nordens Guder," 1819.) He died in January, 1850, and
lis funeral was solemnized with great magnificence by
lis countrymen, by whom he is generally regarded as
the great national poet of Denmark. " Few men," says
W. Marmier, "have been endowed with a genius as fer-
:ile and as facile as that of Oehlenschlager. The verses
all from his pen like water from a fountain. Hence
lis style is charming in its grace, flexibility, and abandon.
but it is frequently very negligent."

See his Autobiography, " A. Ohlenschlager's Levnet," 2 vols.,

1831 ; MARMIER, " Histoire de la Literature Danoise :" LB FBVRE-

PEUMIBK. " Oehlenschlzger le Poete national du Danemarck," 1854 :

'. MOLBECH, " Studierover Ohlenschlagers Poesie," 1850 : ERSLEW,

Forfatter- Lexicon;" "Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale :" LONG-

.ELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe;" HOWITT, "Literature

and Romance of Northern Europe;" " Blackwood's Magazine" for

December and April, 1820, and March, 1821; "Foreign Quarterly

Review" for June, 1830, article " Danish and Norwegian Literature .

also the " Foreign Quarterly" for July, 1831.

Oekolampad. See CECOLAMPADIUS.

Oelrichs. bl'riks, (JOHANN,) a German writer and
clergyman, born at Bremen in 1724. Among his works
are contributions to the literary history of Germany,
Belgium, etc. Died in 1801.

Oelrichs, [Lat. CELRICH'SIUS,] (JOHANN KARL CON-
RAD,) a German scholar, born at Berlin in 1722, was
appointed in 1784 counsellor of legation at the court of
Prussia. He was the author of " Historical and Literary
Miscellanies," (1760,) and other works on history and
bibliography. Died in 1798.

See MEIEROTTO, "Vita CElrichsii," 1709.

CElricliBiiis. See OELRICHS.

CEnee. See CENEUS.

CEneus, ee'nus, |Gr. Olvcvf; Fr. CENEE, a'na',| a
king of Calydon, married Althaea, and was the father
of Meleageri Tydeus, and other children. According to
the fable, he offended Diana, who sent a wild boar to
ravage his dominions. This boar was the object of the
famous Calydonian hunt. CEneus is said to have been
the first whom Bacchus taught to cultivate the vine.

CEnomas. See CENOMAUS.

CEnomaus, e-no'ma-us, [Gr. Olvoftaof; Fr. CENOMAS,
4'no'mas',] a king of Pisa, in Elis, was called a son
of Mars. The poets feigned that he promised to give
his daughter Hippodamra to the man who should con-
quer him in a chariot-race, with the annexed condition
that every one who tried and failed must suffer death.
After many suitors had failed and perished, Pelops
gained the victory, and CEnomaus killed himself.

CEnomaus, [Olvopaof,] a Greek philosopher of the
Cynic school, born at Gadara, lived about 120-40 A.D.
He wrote, besides other works, a treatise in which he
exposed the impostures of Oracles. His works are not
extant.

CEnone, e-no'ne, [Gr. Ohuvri ; Fr. OENONE, a'non',1
a nymph of Mount Ida, who was said to have received
from Apollo the gift of prophecy, and to have been
married to Paris before he was known to be a son of
Priam.

CEnopidea, e-nop'e-dez, [OlixmiSiK,] a Greek astrono-
mer, born at Chios, lived in the fifth century B.C. He is
said to have derived his knowledge from the Egyptian
priests. yElian attributes to him the invention of the
cycle of fifty-nine years to make the lunar year coincide
or accord with the solar year. He was acquainted with
the obliquity of the ecliptic.

CEnopion, e-no'pe-on, [Gr. OJvomuv ; Fr. OENOPE,
i'nop'', or OENOPION, a'no'pe'dN',] in classic mythology,
a son of Bacchus, and King of Chios, (Scio.) His daugh
ter Merope, it is said, was ravished by Orion. (See
ORION.)

Oernhielm or Ornhielm, b'Rn'he-elm', (CLAUDIUS
ARRHENIUS,) a Swedish historian, born at Linkoping in
1627. He wrote, besides other works, "On the Mon-
archies of the World," ("De Mr-narchiis Orbis," 1683.)
Died in 1695.

Oersted or Orsted, oR'stSd, (ANDERS SANDOE,) ar
eminent Danish jurist and statesman, born at Rudkio-



a,e, I, 5,0, y, long;\, e,6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, ii,y, short; a.,e,\,(),ol>S{iirt; far, fill, tat; m?t; not; good; moon;



OERSTED



1845



FLAHERTY



bing in 1778. He married Sophia, a sister of the famous
poet Oehlenschlager, in 1802. He published numerous
legal works, one of which is entitled " Eunomia," (4 vols.,
1815-22.) In 1841 or 1842 he became a minister of
state, and opposed the liberal or popular measures. He
resigned in 1848, and was appointed prime minister in
1853. His policy having been condemned by the Diet,
he was removed about the end of 1854. He published
a " History of my Life and Times," (4 vols., 1851-156.)
Died in 1860.

See ERSLEW, " Forfatter-Lexicon."

Oersted, (ANDERS SANDOE,) a naturalist, a nephew
of the preceding, was born at Rudkjb'bing in 1816. He
travelled in the West Indies, and published several
works on natural history. Died September 3, 1872.

Oersted, (HANS CHRISTIAN,) a celebrated Danish


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 190 of 425)