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natural philosopher, the founder of the science of electro-
magnetism, was born at Rudkjobing, in the island of
Langeland, on the I4th of August, 1777. He was edu-
cated with his brother, Anders Sandb'e, the jurist, at the
University of Copenhagen. In 1806 he obtained the
chair of physics in that institution. He produced in
1812 an "Essay on the Identity of Chemical and Elec-
trical Forces." In 1820 he announced his great dis-
covery of the relation between magnetism and electricity,
in a short work entitled " Experimenta circum Effectum
Conflictus electrici in Acum magneticum." The electric
telegraph is one of the most direct practical results of
this discovery. He demonstrated that the electric cur-
rent, according to a uniform law, " exercises determined
and similar impressions on the direction of a magnetic
needle" near which it passes. This discovery was re-
ceived with great enthusiasm, as the revelation of an
important fact which had long escaped the researches
of so many sagacious minds. " Of all the philosophers
who had speculated on this subject," says Sir John Her-
schel, "none had so pertinaciously adhered to the idea
of a necessary connection between the phenomena as
Oersted. Baffled often, he returned to the attack, and
his perseverance was at length rewarded by the complete
disclosure of the wonderful phenomena of electro-mag-
oetism." (" Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natu-
ral Philosophy.")

" The desideratum of a clear expression of the manifest
alliance between electricity and magnetism," says James
David Forbes, " had been so long and so universally
felt that the discovery placed its author jn the first rank
of scientific men. There was not even, so far as I am
aware, a suspicion that he had been, however remotely
or dimly, anticipated. The prize of the French Institute,
which had been awarded to Davy for his galvanic dis-
coveries, was bestowed upon Oersted." (Sixth Disser-
tation of the " Encyclopaedia Britannica," vol. i.) " I
scarcely know," says Niebuhr, "another natural philoso-
pher with so much intellect and freedom from prejudice
and esprit de corps." Oersted received for this discovery
the Copley medal of the Royal Society of London, and
was created a knight of the order of Danebrog. He
also made discoveries in chemistry, and wrote a number
of works on that science. Among these are " Materialien
zu einer Chemie des igten Jahrhunderts," (1803,) and
"Tentamen Nomenclature chemicae," (1814.) He wrote
a poem called "The Balloon," (" Lufskibet," 1836.)
His writings have contributed greatly to popularize
science. A selection of his works was published in 1850,
under the title of "The Spirit in Nature," ("Der Geist
in der Natur,") preceded by a biographical notice of
Oersted by P. L. MSller. Died in March, 1851.

See " H. C. Oersteds Leben," by HAUCH and FORCHHAMMER,
(from the Danish,) 1853; BECQUERBL, " Re'surn^ de 1'Histoire
d'filectricite," etc., 1858 ; CALLISEN, " Medicinisches Schriftsteller-
Lexikon ;" " Nouvelle Biographic G^neVale;" " Memoir of Oersted,"
by ELIB DE BEAUMONT, in the "Smithsonian Report" for 1868.

OerteL, b'F/tel, (PHILIPP FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) a
German writer of stories, born at Horn, (whence his
pseudonym of W. O. VON HORN,) August 15, 1798.
He was a Protestant minister, and the author of many
popular tales. Died at Wiesbaden, October 14, 1867.

Oertel, van. See ORTELIUS.

Oeser or Oser, 6'zer, (ADAM FRIEDRICH,) a distin-
guished painter and sculptor, of German extraction,



born at Presburg, in Hungary, in 1717. He studied .n
1739 at Dresden, where he formed an intimacy with
Winckelmann. He was subsequently director of the
Academy of Architecture, Painting, and Design at Leip-
sic. Among his pupils here was the celebrated Goethe,
who entertained a great regard for him. His best paint-
ings are in fresco; and a number of them adorn the
church of Saint Nicholas at Leipsic. His monument
to Queen Matilda of Denmark is one of his most ad-
mired pieces of sculpture. Died in 1799.

See ERSCH und CRUDER, " AllgemeineEncyklopaedie;" NAGLER.
"Allgemeines Kiinsuer-Lexikon."

Oeser or Oser, (JOHANN LUDWIG,) a landscape-
painter and engraver, born at Dresden in 1751, was a
son of the preceding. Died in 1792.

Oesterley or Osterley, os'ter-li', (KARL W.,) a Ger
man painter of history and portraits, born at Gb'ttingen
in 1805 ; became court painter at Hanover. Died in 1891

Oetinger, o'ting'er, sometimes written Ottinger,
(FRIEDRICH CHRISTOPH,) a learned German theologian,
and prominent leader of the Pietists, was born in Wiir-
temberg in 1702. He wrote a number of commentaries
on the Scriptures, a treatise entitled "The Age of
Gold," and " Ancient Philosophy." He also translated
several of the works of Swedenborg, of whom he was
a warm admirer, and whom he much resembled in purity
of character and religious fervour. He was a friend of
Count Zinzendorf, whom he assisted in a new translation
of the Scriptures. Died in 1782.

See " Neues Gelehrtes-Europa ;" AUBERLEN, '* Die Theosophle
F. C. Oetinger's nach ihren GruDdziigen," 1847.

Oetter or Otter, ot'ter, (SAMUEL WILHELM,) a Ger-
man antiquary, born at Goldcronach in 1720. He wrote
on history and antiquities. Died in 1792.

Oettinger or Ottinger, bt'ting'er, (EDUARD MARIE,)
a German journalist and novelist, born at Breslau in
1808. He edited several satirical journals, and published
a number of novels, among which is"Onkel Zebra," (7
vols., 1843.) He also wrote a work entitled " Rossini,"
(1847,) which is said to be a romance rather than a
biography, and " Bibliographic biographique univer-
selle," (2 vols., 1850-54,) the most complete work on
that subject Died June 26, 1872.

See A. DE REUME, " Notice bio-bibliographique sur M. E. M.
Oettinger," 1854; "Nouvelle Biographie Generale."

Ofalia, o-fl'le-a, (Don NARCISO DE HEREDIA,)
COUNT, a Spanish statesman, born in 1771, became min-
ister of the interior under Zea Bermudez in 1832. He
was appointed by Ferdinand VII. executor of his will
and a member of the council of regency. He was presi
dent of the council of ministers in 1837. Died in 1843.

O'Par'rill, (Don GONZALO,) a Spanish general, born
at Havana in 1754, became minister of war under Joseph
Bonaparte. Died in Paris in 1831.

Of'fa, a Saxon, who succeeded Ethelbald as King of
Mercia in 755 A.D. Having murdered Ethelbert, King
of East Anglia, he took possession of his kingdom.

Offenbach, of fen-baK',(jACQUES,) a popular composer
of comic operas, born at Cologne in 1819, studied in Paris.
Among his works are the " Grand Duchess of Gerolstein,"
"Orpheus in the Lower Regions," "La Belle Helene,"
"Blue-Beard," "La Vie Parisienne," "La Bavarde de
Saragosse," " La Perichole," " Les Brigands," " Le Cor-
saire Noir," " La Jolie Parfumeuse," " Voyage dans la
Lune," and "Le Docteur Ox." Died October 5, 1880.

Of'fpr, (GEORGE,) an English writer, and a bookseller
in London, was born about 1786. He published a "Life
of John Bunyan," (1853.) Died in 1864.

O'Fihely, o-fee'le, ? (MAURICE,) an Irish prelate and
scholar, who was made Archbishop of Tuam by Pope
[ulius II. in 1506. He was eminent for his learning, and
was surnamed FLOS MUNDI, (" Flower of the World.")
Died in 1513.

O-fill-us, (AULUS,) a Roman jurist of high reputa-
tion, was a friend of Cicero, and a pupil of Sulpicius.
His writings are cited in the Digest. Among his
pupils were Capito and Labeo.

O'Flaherty, o-fla'her-te, (RoDERic,) born at Moycul-
lin, Ireland, in 1630, published in 1685 a Latin " History
of Ireland from the Deluge to the Year 1684." Died
in 1718.



eas/J; $ass; %hard; gas/'/G, K,K., guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz: thasin/-4ir. (jgf="See Explanations, p. 23.)



O" FLANAGAN



1846



O'HARA



O'Flan'a-gan, (JAMES RODERICK,) an Irish author,
born at Fermoy, September I, 1814. He was called to
the bar in 1838. He published "Impressions at Home
and Abroad," (2 vols., 1837,) " Bar Life of O'Connell,"
(1866,) " Bryan O'Regan," (a novel, 1866,) " Lives of the
Lord Chancellors of Ireland," (2 vols., 1870,) " Captain
O'Shaughnessy's Sporting Career," (1873,) "The Irish
Bar," (1879,) " History of the Irish People," and other
works.

Ofterdingen, yon, fon ofter-ding'en, (HEINRICH,) a
famous German minstrel or minnesinger of the thirteenth
century, was a favourite of Leopold, Duke of Austria.
He is supposed by some writers to have been the author
of the " Nibelungenlied ;" but of this there appears to
be little evidence.

See HAGEN, " Museum fur Alt-Deutsche Literatur und Kunst,"
1810.

Og'den, (AARON,) born at Elizabethtown, New Jer-
sey, in 1756, served in the war of the Revolution, and
was elected Governor of New Jersey in 1812. Died in

1839-

Sec the " National Portrait- Gallery of Distinguished Americans,'
rol. i.

Ogden, (DAVID B.,) a distinguished American lawyer
and resident of New York City, was born in 1769. He
removed from New Jersey to New York in 1802. Died
in 1849.

Ogden, (JACOB,) an American physician and medical
writer, born at Newark, New Jersey, in 1721 ; died in
1779.

Ogden, (MATTHIAS,) an American brigadier-general
in the Revolutionary war. He died at Elizabethtown,
New Jersey, in 1791.

Og'den, (SAMUEL,) an English clergyman, born at
Manchester in 1716. He became Woodwardian pro-
fessor at Cambridge in 1764, and published several
volumes of sermons. Died in 1778.

Oge, o'zhi', (VINCENT,) a Creole of Saint Domingo,
who, having in vain solicited the French National As-
sembly to grant equal rights to the coloured people,
became in 1790 the leader of an insurrection, with a
view of gaining his object by force of arms. His party
were soon overpowered by the French troops, and
Oge, together with his lieutenant, Chavannes, who had
been guilty of the principal outrages, was executed in
1791.

See DALMAS. "Revolution de Saint-Domingue :" MAI.ENFANT,
" Histoire des Colonies."

Oggione, d', ddd-jo'na, (MARCO,) written also TJg-
gione, an eminent Italian painter, born in the Milanese
about 1470, was a pupil of Leonardo da Vinci, whose
style he imitated successfully. Among his master-pieces
are his "Three Archangels," and an altar-piece at Milan.
His most important works are two copies of " The Last
Supper" of Da Vinci, one of which is in the Academy
of Arts in London. The excellence of these pictures,
and the destruction by time of the original, have caused
them to be greatly prized. Died in 1530.

Ogier. See HOLGER THE DANE.

Ogier, o'zhe-V, (CHARLES,) a French scholar, born
In Paris in 1595^ He published notes of his travels in
Denmark, Sweden, etc., " Ephemerides, sive Iter Dani-
cum, Suecicum et Polonicum," (1656.) Died in 1654.

Ogier, (FRANCOIS,) a French writer and ecclesiastic,
was a brother of the preceding. He published an
"Apology for M. de Balzac," (1627,) and other works.
Died in 1670.

O'gil-by or Ogleby, o'gel-be, (JOHN,) a Scottish lit-
terateur and printer, born at Edinburgh in 1600, was
noted for the variety and versatility of his talents. In
1633 he accompanied Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, to
Ireland, in the capacity of dancing-master and copyist.
After his return to England he published, in 1650, a
poetical translation of Virgil, and, in conjunction with
James Shirley, afterwards translated the " Iliad" and
" Odyssey" into English verse, having learned Greek for
that purpose when upwards of fifty years of age. These
versions were very popular at that time, and possessed
great typographical beauty. Ogilby was also appointed
royal cosmographer, and published a number of geo-
graphical works. Died in 1676.



Ogilvie, o'gil-ve, ( JAMES,) a Scottish orator and
teacher of elocution, born about 1760, or, as others say,
1775. He delivered lectures as models of oratory in
the chief cities of the United States, and received much
applause. He died at Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1820.

Ogilvie, (JOHN,) a Scottish divine and writer, born
in 1733. Among his works are "Britannia," an epic
poem, (1801,) and an "Examination of the Evidence
of Prophecy in Favour of Christianity," (1803.) Died
in 1814.

Ogilvie, JOHN,) LL.D., a Scottish lexicographer,
born in 1797. He prepared the "Imperial Dictionary."
Died November 21, 1867.

Oginski, o-gen'skee, (MICHAEL CASIMIR,) a Polish
nobleman, born at Warsaw in 1731. He constructed a
canal in Poland. Died in 1803.

Ogiiiski, (MICHAEL CLEOPHAS,) a Polish composer,
born at Warsaw in 1765, was a nephew of the preceding.
He settled in Italy about 1815, and gained distinction
as a musical composer. He wrote "Memoirs of Poland
from 1788 to 1815," (2 vols., 1826.) Died in 1831.

Ogive. See EDGIVA.

Ogleby. See OGILBY.

Oglesby, o'gels-be, (RICHARD [.,) an American gene-
ral, born in Kentucky in 1824. He removed to Illinois,
and practised law in that State. He commanded a
brigade at Fort Donelson, February, 1861, and was
severely wounded at the battle of Corinth, October 4,
1862. He was elected Governor of Illinois for four
years, (1865-68,) and again in 1872. In 1873 he was sent
to the United States Senate. Died in 1899.

Ogletborpe, o'gel-thorp, (JAMES EDWARD,) an Eng-
lish general, born in London, June I, 1689. He served
for a time under Marlborough and Prince Eugene in
Germany, and obtained in 1733 the royal charter for
founding a colony in North America, which he called
Georgia in honour of the reigning king. Having passed
several years in Georgia, he returned to England in
1743, and commanded an army against the Pretender in
1745. He was a member of Parliament for many years.
Died in 1785. The virtues and talents of General Ogle-
thorpe have been celebrated by Pope, Thomson, and
Dr. Johnson.

O'Gor'man, (JAMES,) D.D., a bishop, born in
Ireland in 1814. In 1859 he was consecrated Roman
Catholic Bishop of Rhaphanea and made Vicar-Apos-
tolic of Nebraska. Died at Omaha, July 4, 1874.

O'Gra'dy. (STANDISH,) an Irish author, was born
in 1847, son of Viscount Guillamore. He wrote
"History of Ireland," (1878-80,) "Bardic Litera-
ture," (1879,) "Lost on Du Corrig," (1894,) etc.

Og'y-ges or Og'y-gus |Gr. 'Qyv^{. 'Cyujoc, or
QWW; Fr. OGYGES, o'zhe'zheV] is said to have been
the first king or ruler of Thebes, which was sometimes
called Ogygia. According to some writers, he was also
King of Attica, and the father of Eleusis. In his reign
occurred a great inundation of Greece or Boeotia, which
is called the Ogygian deluge and is supposed to have
been anterior to that of Deucalion.

Ogygus. See OGYGES.

O'Hal'lo-ran, (SYLVESTER,) an Irish antiquary aru
surgeon, born 'in 1728. He became surgeon of the Lim
erick Hospital. He published an " Introduction to the
Study of the History and Antiquities of Ireland," ( 1 772,)
and a "General History of Ireland," (2 vols., 1772.)
Died in 1807.

O'Hara, u-ha'ra, (JAMES,) a native of Ireland, emi-
grated in 1772 to America, where he became quarter-
master-general under General Wayne. He was one of
the founders of Pittsburg. Died in 1819.

O'Hara, (KANE,) a popular Irish dramatist, wrote,
among other plays, " The Golden Pippin," " The Two
Misers," and "Midas." Died in 1782.

O'Hara, o-hi'ra, (THEODORE,) an American poet
born in Kentucky about 1820. He served in the Mexi-
can war, and was (1861-65) in the Confederate army,
acting at first as colonel of Alabama troops, and then as
chief of staff to General Breckinridge. Died in Ala-
bama in 1867. He is best known for his poem "The
Bivouac of the Dead."



a,e, I, 5, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, :, o, \\, y", shorn a, e, i, 9, obscure: far, fill, fat: met; n6t; i;ood; moon-



OHLENSCHLA GER



1847



OLAF



Ohlenschlager. See OEHLENSCHLAGER.



Okeghem, o'Keh-hSm, written also Ockenhein,



Ohlmiiller, 61'mHl'ler, (JOSEPH DANIEL,) an eminent (JAN,) an eminent Flemish musician and composer, born
German architect, born at Bamberg in 1791. Among his in Hainault about 1430 ; died after 1500.
best works are the national monument at Upper Wittels- Oken, o'ken, or Ockenfuss, ok'ken-f6oss',(LoRENZ,)
bach, the chapel at Kiefersfelden, and the Gothic church , an eminent German naturalist of the transcendental
near Munich. The last-named structure is esteemed : school, was born at Bohlsbach, in Wiirtemberg, in Au-
one of the most magnificent specimens of its style erected gust, 1779. He abridged the original name of his family,
in modern times. Died in 1839. OCKENFUSS, into OKEN. He studied at Gottingen, and

Ohm, 6m, (GsoRG SIMON,) a German natural phi- became a privat-docent in that university. In a remark
losopher, born atErlangen in 1787. He became professor able work, entitled "Elements of Natural Philosophy,
of mathematics in the Jesuits' College of Cologne in the Theory of the Senses, and the Classification of Ani-
1817. He gained distinction by the discovery of the mals," (" Grundriss der Naturphilosophie," etc., 1802,)
laws of electric currents, on which he published in 1827 he gave the outlines of a scheme that he afterwards de-
a work called "Die galvanische Kette mathematische voted himself to perfect, and advanced the idea that " the
,,K=;,.f tr. ,.;.._j .u- ^i... j.i < .u- animal classes are virtually nothing else than a represen-
tation of the organs of sense." He accordingly divided
the animal kingdom into five classes. He was an ad-
vocate of the theory of development in its largest sense.
Among his doctrines, as quoted by Professor Hitchcock,
are the following: "Plants and animals can only be
metamorphoses of infusoria. No organism has been



bearbeitet." He received the Copley medal of the
Royal Society of London in 1841. Died at Munich
in 1854.

Ohmacht, o'maKt, (LANDOLIN,) a German sculptor,
born near Kotweil in 1760, was a friend of the poet Klop-
stock, and of Lavater. Among his best works are the
"Judgment of Paris," a "Neptune," a "Flora," a
monument to General K'.eber, and a bust of Klopstock.
Died in 1834.

Ohnet, (GEORGES,) a popular French novelist,
was born in 1848. His series of novels, some of
which have reached the hundredth edition, have the
general title of " Les Batailles de la Vie." Some of
them are " Le Maitre de Forges," (1882,) "La
Grande Marniere," (1885,) " Nimrod et
(1893,) and " La Femme en Gris," (1895.)



created of larger size than an infusorial point; whatever
is larger has not been created, but developed. . . . The
mind, just as the body, must be developed out of these
animals, [infusoria.] . . . Everything that is, is material."
("The Religion of Geology," p. 299.) He produced in
1805 a treatise on Generation, in which he maintained
that " all organic beings originate from and consist of
cells or vesicles." In 1807 he was appointed extraor-
dinary professor of medical sciences in the University



Ohsson, 6'son, (CoNSTANTiNE,) BARON OF, born at I f Jena, where he S^ ne . d a h 'g h reputation by his lee




' History

He also finished his father's " Picture of the Ottoman
Empire." Died at Berlin in 1851.

Oiconomoa or CBconomoa, e-kon'o-mos, (CoN-
STANTIN,) a learned Greek priest and writer, born in
Thessaly in 1780. He taught Greek at Smyrna for ten
years, and afterwards preached at Saint Petersburg and
at Athens. He wrote several works on language, and



he obtained a professorship at Zurich, where he died in
1851. Among his works is a "General Natural History,"
(13 vols., 1833-41.)

See CALLISBN, " Medicinisches Schriftsteller-Lexikon ;" " Ency
clopadia Britatmica ;" BROCKHAUS, "Conversations-Lexikon."

Okolampadius. See CCOLAMPADIUS.

Okolski, o-kol'skee, (SlMON,) a Polish historian and



De la Version des Septante," (4 vols., 1843-50.) Died ecclesiastic of the seventeenth century. His principal

In 1857. work is entitled "Orbis Polonus," (3 vols., 1641-45,)

Oisel, oi'zel, [Lat. OISE'LIUS,] (JAKOB,) written also which treats of the origin of the Sarmatians, etc.

Ouzel, ow'zel, a Dutch critic and jurist, born at Dant- Okoonef, Okounev, Okounef, Okunev, Okou-

zic in 1631. He became professor of public law at new, or Okunew, o-koo-nef, (NIKOLAI ALEXANDRO-

Groningen in 1667. He edited Aulus Gellius, and VITCH,) a Russian general and writer on military science,

published a work on numismatics, called "Thesaurus born at Saint Petersburg in 1792, served in the campaign



selectorum Numismatum antiquorum," (2 vols., 1677.)
Died in 1686.

See NICERON, "Me"moires;" MORHOF, "Polyhistor."

Oiselius. See OISEL.

Oi'ain, a noted Irish poet, who probably lived in the Campaign of 1831. Died in 1851.
last part of the third or the beginning of the fourth Okounev. See OKOONEF.



of 1829 against the Turks. He became in 1840 lieu-
tenant-general. He published, besides other works,
"Reflections on the System of Modern War," (1823,)
and a " History of the Second Epoch of the Polish



century A.D. He was son of Finn, a famous hero, and
probably was the original of Ossian, the son of Fingal.
(See OSSIAN.) Two poems ascribed to Oisin are still
extant.

Ojeda, de, di o-Ha'Da, (ALONZO,) a Spanish explore!



Okuma, COUNT, a Japanese statesman, born about
1840, the son of a poor knight. He made a study of
foreign books, and was chosen for office on the
restoration of the empire in 1868. He was minister
of finance 1873 81, showing great ability. Afterwards



and lieutenant of Columbus, was born at Cuenca about he organ i ze d the Kaishinto, a progressive party, and
1465 or 1470 He accompanied Columbus in his second was made minister of foreign affairs in , 88g _ A



voyage to America in 1493, and commanded an ex-
pedition which Columbus sent to explore the interior
of Hispaniola, where he captured the chief Caonabo.
Having returned to Spain, he obtained command of an ex-
ploring expedition sent out in 1499. Among his officers
or passengers was Amerigo Vespucci. He discovered a
part of the new continent, which he named Venezuela,



bomb was thrown at him in 1890 by a fanatical Con-
servative. His party gaining in strength, he again be-
came foreign minister in 1896, and prime minister in
1898.

Okunew. See OKOONEF.

Olaf, o'lif, or O-la'us, I, or Olof, olof, King of



< -, , ,

and returned to Spam in 1500. In 1508 he attempted Norway born j n 956, was surnamed TRYGVASON. He

to colonize New Andalusia, and to conquer the natives, was a ^^ orsea . rover in his youth, am 1 , became king

out was not successful. about go6 He is gaid to have established Christianity

OKeefe, o-keef (JOHN ) an Irish dramatist, born at jn hjg ft dom- Died in 1000.
Dublm ,n 1747. The number of his plays amounted to See To[ ^ ., Norske Kon O lof," etc., ,8 47 .
upwards of sixty, and, thoueh their merits are not ot a . , ,

high order, the/enjoyed grlat popularity. Among the Olaf or Olaus H, called THE SAINT obtamed

most admired we may name " The Agreeable Surprise" throne of Norway about 1018 He waged war against

and "Wild Oats." Died in 1833. Canute, King of Denmark. Died in 1030.

See " Recollections of the Life of John O'Keefe," by himself, S HAGBRUP, "Om Oluf den Hellige," ,805.
1816. Olaf or Olaus III. became King of Norway about

tas/k; $ass; gAard; gas_/;G, H, x., guttural; N, nasal; R, trillid; sass; thasmMw. (Jjy="See Explanations, p. 23.)



OLAF



1848



OLEARIUS



1068. He ordered that one slave should be liberated in
:ach district every year, and made other reforms. Died
in 1093.

Olaf IV., born in 1098, was a son of Magnus III.
of Norway. Died in 1116.

Olaf V., a son of Haquin VII., King of Norway, was
Dorn in 1371, and succeeded his father in 1380. Died
in 1387.

Olafsen, o'laf-sen, (EGGERT,) a naturalist of Iceland,
born in 1721. He published, among other treatises,
"A Historical Account of the Nature and Constitution
of Iceland," and poems in Latin and Danish. Died
about 1770.

Olahua or Olaus, o-la'us, (NICOLAS,) a learned Hun-
garian prelate, born at Hermannstadt in 1493, rose to
be chancellor, and Archbishop of Strigonia, (1552.) He
wrote a treatise " On the Origin of the Hungarians,"
and a " History of Attila." Died in 1568.

Olaus. See OLAF.

Olaus Magnus. See MAGNUS, (OLAUS.)

Olavides, o-11-vee'oes, or Olavide, o-la-vee'oa, [Ft.
OLAVIDE, o'li've'di',] (PABLO ANTONIO Jos6,) Count
of Pilos, was born at Lima, in South America, about 1725.
He was appointed intendant-general of Andalusia, and
colonized a part of the Sierra Morena, by introducing into
it an agricultural and manufacturing population. He was
subsequently imprisoned for a time in the Inquisition on
a charge of heresy, but, having made his escape, he took
refuge in France. He died in Spain in 1803, leaving a
religious work, entitled " Triumph of the Gospel," (" El
Evangelic en Triunfo.")

Olbers, ol'bers, (HEINRICH WILHELM MATHIAS,) an
eminent German astronomer and physician, born at


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 191 of 425)