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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Arbergen, near Bremen, in October, 1758. He studied
medicine at Gottingen, and practised at Bremen, where
he constructed a private observatory. He gained dis-
tinction by his observations on the comet of 1779, and
discovered an improved method of calculating the orbits
of comets. He published about 1797 a treatise on this
method, which is considered a very important contribu-
tion to astronomy. In March, 1802, Olbers discovered
a new asteroid, which he named Pallas, the orbit of which
is nearly as distant from the sun as that of Ceres. He
adopted the hypothesis that Ceres and Pallas were frag-
ments of a large planet which had been broken by an
internal convulsion, and predicted that other asteroids
would be found. In 1804 Harding discovered Juno, and
in March, 1807, Olbers discovered the fourth asteroid,
which he named Vesta. The mean distance of their
orbits from the sun is nearly the same as that of the
orbits of Ceres and Pallas. He was elected a Fellow
of the Royal Society of London in 1804. In 1815 he
discovered a comet which is called by his name, and
which performs a revolution in about seventy-four years.
He died at Bremen in 1840.

Ol'cott. (HENRY STEEL,) an American theoso-
phist, was born about 1830, became distinguished hy
1856 as an agriculturist, and served as a colonel in
the civil war. He subsequently held important po-
sitions in the army and the navy departments. Later
in life he became a prominent teacher and writer on
theosophy, and president of the Theosophical Society
of America. He wrote " Esoteric Buddhism" and
other works.

Oldcastle. See COBHAM, LORD.

Oldenburg, ol'den-booRo', HOUSE OF, an ancient
and noble family, from which the Emperors of Russia,
the Kings of Denmark, and one of the dynasties of
Sweden are descended. THEODORIC (DIETRICH) o
Oldenburg obtained by marriage Sleswick and Holstein
Died about 1440. His son CHRISTIAN became King o
Denmark in 1448, and King of Sweden in 1458. ADOLF.
a grandson of Christian, was the founder of the house
of Holstein-Gottorp, and an ancestor of the present
imperial family of Russia.

Old'en-burg, (HENRY,) a learned German writer,
born at Bremen about 1626. Having settled in England,
he acquired the friendship of Milton and Robert Boyle,
with whom he afterwards corresponded. On the forma-



tion of the Royal Society, in 1662, he was appointed one
of its secretaries. He published the "Transactions" of
the Society from 1664 to 1677, and was the author of
several political and theological works. He sometimes
signed his name GRUBENDOL. Died about 1678.

Oldenburger, ol'den-bdpR'ger, (Pmupp ANDREAS,)
a German jurist and publicist, born in Brunswick or in
the duchy of Celle. He was professor of public law
at Geneva, and published several works, among which
is " Pandectae Juris public! Germanic!," (1670.) Died
in 1678.

Oldendorp, ol'den-doRp', (JoHANN,) a German jurist,
born at Hamburg about 1480. He published, besides
other works, " An Introduction to the Law of Nature
and of Nations," (" Isagoge seu Introductio Juris Naturae
Gentium et Civilis," 1549.) Died in 1567.

Oldermann, ol'der-man, QOHANN,) a German scholar
and writer, born in Saxony about 1686. He was pro-
fessor of Greek at Helmstedt. Died in 1723.

Old'field, (ANNE,) a celebrated English actress, born
in London in 1683. She excelled both in tragedy and
comedy, and her talents are eulogized in the "Taller."
Died in 1730.

See " Life of Anne Oldfield," London, 1731 : BAKER, " Biographia
Dramatica."

Oldharn, (JOHN,) an English satirical poet, born in
Gloucestershire in 1653. He was a friend of Dryden,
who has eulogized him in some of his verses. He wrote
" Pindaric Odes," and " Four Satires against the Jesuits,"
and made translations from Juvenal. " His poems," says
Hallam, " are spirited and pointed, and he ranks perhaps
next to Dryden." Died in 1683.

See E. THOMPSON, " Life of John Oldham," and a Memoir, by
ROBERT BELL, prefixed to Oldham's Poems, 1854.

Oldham, old'am, (THOMAS,) an Irish geologist, born in
Dublin in 1816. Among his palaeontological researches
and discoveries the " Oldhamia" will be always associated
with his name. Died July 17, 1878.

Old'is-wprth, (WILLIAM,) an English poet and trans-
lator, born in the seventeenth century, was one of the
first writers for the " Examiner." He translated the
Odes of Horace into verse, and wrote a few poems, and
other works, among which is " Timothy and Philotheus,"
(3 vols., 1709-10.) Died in 1734.

Old-mix'on, (JpHN,) an English historical and po-
litical writer, born in Somersetshire in 1673. He wrote
a "Critical History of England," (3 vols., 1730-39,) a
" History of the Stuarts," and other works of little merit,
in which he manifests a decided partiality to the Whigs.
In his " Prose Essay on Criticism" he attacked Pope,
who took revenge in the "Dunciad." Died in 1742.

See GIBBER, "Lives of the Poets;" BAKER, "Biographia Dra-
matica."

Oldoini, ol-do-ee'nee, (AGOSTINO,) an Italian biogra-
pher, born at La Spezia in 1612. He wrote memoirs
of several popes, cardinals, etc. Died after 1680.

Oldys, ol'dis or 51dz, (WILLIAM,) an English biogra-
pher and bibliographer, born about 1600. He wrote a

Life of Sir Walter Raleigh," prefixed to Raleigh's " His-
tory of the World," (1738,) and a number of biographies
in the " Biographia Britannica," under the signature " G."
He also published "The British Librarian, exhibiting
a Compendious View of all Unpublished and Valuable
Books," (1737,) which is esteemed for its accuracy. Died
in 1761.

Olearius, o-la-a're-us, or OlschlSger, ol'shla'ger,
(ADAM,) a distinguished German writer and traveller,
born at Aschersleben about 1600, was court mathema-
tician and librarian to the Duke of Holstein. In 1633
he accompanied an embassy sent by the Duke of Hol-
stein to Russia, and some years after visited Persia in
the same capacity. After his return he published, in
1639, a very interesting account of his travels in the East.
He also translated from the Persian the " Rose-Garden"
of Saadee, (Sadi.) Died in 1671.

See NICBRON, "Memoires;" MOLLHR, "Cimbria Literals ;"
"Nouvelie Biographic Gentfrale."

Olearius, (GOTTFRIED,) a German Lutheran divine,
bom at Halle in 1604. He preached in his native city,
and published sever:.! works on theology. Died in 1685.



a, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m<5t; not; good; moon;



OLEARIUS



1849



OLIVE



Olearius, (GOTTFRIED,) a theologian and philosophy
born at Leipsic in 1672, was a grandson of the preceding
He was professor of theology at Leipsic. Among hi
works is a " Logical Analysis of the Epistle to the He
brews," (1706.) Died in 1715.

Olearius, (JOHANN,) a German divine, born in 1639
was professor of theology at Leipsic. He wrote a num
ber of theological treatises, and was for a time editor o
the " Acta Eruditorum." Died in 1713. He was a son
of Gottfried, noticed above, (1604-85.)

Olearius, (JOHANN CHRISTOPH,) a German historian
and numismatist, born at Halle in 1668, was a son of
Johann Gottfried. He became Protestant Bishop at Arm
stadt in 1736. He wrote numerous works. Died in 1747

Sec J. C. OTTO, " In Exsequias Olearii," 1747 ; ERSCH und Gnu
BHR, "Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."

Olearius, (JOHANN GOTTFRIED,) born at Halle in
1635, was a brother of Johann, noticed above. He was
pastor at Halle, and author of a work entitled "Abacus
Patrologicus," (1673.) Died in 1711.

O'Leary, o-lee're, (ARTHUR,) an Irish Catholic clergy
man, born at Cork in 1729, was the author of severa
controversial works. Died in 1802.

Oleaster, o-la-Js'ter, (JEROME,) a Portuguese monk
and linguist, born at Lisbon. He was versed in Hebrew
Greek, and Latin, and wrote a " Commentary on Isaiah,'
(1623.) Died in 1563.

Orleg, [Russ. pron. o-ljg' or o-ljic',] Prince of Russia,
was a native of Scandinavia, from which he emigratet
about 862 A.D. He was a relative of Rurik, who, dying
in 879, appointed Oleg guardian of his minor son, Igor
Oleg usurped the sovereignty, and extended his do
minions by conquest. Died in 912.

See KARAMZIN, " History of the Russian Empire."

O^n, [Gr. 'QX^v,] a mythical Grecian bard, who is
said to have been the most ancient lyric poet of that
nation, and was called a prophet of Apollo, whose wor-
ship he introduced into Delos. He was supposed to
have been born in Lycia, and to have lived before the
time of Orpheus.

Olenschlager, von, fon o'len-shlj'ger, (JOHANN
DANIEL,) a German publicist, born at Frankfort in 1711.
He wrote on the public law of the German empire. Died
in 1778.

Oleazczynski, o-tesh-chins'kee, (ANTONY,) a Polish
engraver, born in Lublin in 1796. He studied and worked
in Paris. Among his subjects are portraits of eminent
Poles. Died February 28, 1879.

Olevianus, o-14-ve-a'nus, (KASPAR,) one of the early
Reformers, was born in Treves, August 10, 1536. He
studied law at Paris and theology at Geneva, and adopted
the views of Calvin. He afterwards resided successively
at Treves, Heidelberg, and Herborn. He published sev-
eral theological works, including sermons explanatory of
Paul's Epistles. Died in March, 1587.

See PIERER, "Universal-Lexikon."

Ol'ga, SAINT, a Russian lady, was married about 903
A.D. to Igor, a son of Rurik, Prince of Russia. On the
death of Igor (945) she became regent. She afterwards
adopted the Christian religion. Died in 969.

Oil See OLID.

Olid, de, da o-leo', or Oil, o-lee', (CRISTOVAL,) a
Spanish officer, born about 1492. He served under
Cortez in the conquest of Mexico, (1519-21,) and after-
wards attempted to make himself independent. He was
taken prisoner by the soldiers of Cortez, and executed
in Honduras in 1524.

See PRHSCOTT, "Conquest of Mexico;" OVIEDO, " Historia de
las Indias."

Olier, o'le-i', (JEAN JACQUES,) a French ecclesiastic
and reformer, born in Paris in 1608. He founded the
congregation of Saint-Sulpice, and several charitable
institutions. He also formed a society for the preven-
tion of duels, and wrote a number of devotional works.
Died in 1657.

See GIRV, "Vie de M. OHer," 1687; NAGOT, "Vie de M. Olier,"
1818; DE BRETONVILLIERS, " Me'moires sur M. Olier," 2 vols.,
1841 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

O'lin, (STEPHEN,) D.D., LL.D.,an American Method-
bt divine and pulpit orator, born at Leicester, Vermont,
in 1797, became president of the Wesleyan University,



Middletown, Connecticut. He died in 1851, leaving a
collection of sermons, "Travels in the East," "Greece
and the Golden Horn," etc. His "Life and Letters"
were published in 1853.

Oliphant, (CAROLINA.) See NAIRNE.

Ol'I-phant, (LAURENCE,) an English traveller and
writer of books of travel, etc., was born in 1829. He pub-
lished m 1853 " The Russian Shores of the Black Sea "
which was received with favour. He afterwards travelled
in North America and the Caucasus, and published sev-
eral books, one of which is called " Minnesota." About
1857 he went to China as secretary of Lord Elgin lie
wrote a " Narrative of the Earl of Elgin's Mission to
China and Japan," (1859,) "Piccadilly, a Fragment of
Contemporaneous Biography," (1870.) "Tender Recol-
lections of Irene Macgillicuddy," (1878.) " Altiora Peto,"
(1883,) "Masollam," (1886,) etc. In later life he
adopted mystical views, and became, with his mother,
Lady Oliphant, a member of the ascetic community
of the American mystic, Thomas Lake Harris. Died
December 23, 1888.

Oliphant, (MARGARET O. W.,) a Scottish author-
ess, born about 1828. She published a number of novels
and much well-written biography, literary history, and
criticism. Some of her best books are "Passages in
the Life of Mrs. Margaret Maitland," (1849,)
"Chronicles of Carlingford," "Salem Chapel,"
" Memoirs of Edward Irving," (1862,) " Memoirs of
the Count de Montalembert," (1872,) "The Makers
of Florence," (1876,) " The Literary History of Eng-
land in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries,"
(1881,) "Royal Edinburgh," (1890,) "The Makers
of Rome," (1894,) and "Jeanne d'Arc," (1896.)
She became widely known also by her novels, which
were very numerous. Died in 1897.

Oliphant, (THOMAS LAWRENCE KiNGTON,)an English
author, born near Bristol, August 16, 1831. He studied
at Eton, and at Balliol College, Oxford, and became a
Barrister. His works include a " Life of Frederick II.,"
1862,) "Sources of Standard English," (1873,) "The
Duke and the Scholar," (1875,) e 'c.

Oliva, de, da o-lee'vi, (FERNAN PEREZ,) a Spanish
scholar and writer, born at C6rdova in 1497, was one of
he founders of the University of Salamanca, (1528,) of
vhich_ he subsequently became rector. He died about
[530, having previously been appointed by Charles V.
>receptor to his son Philip. He was the author of a
' Dialogue on the Dignity of Man," and other prose
essays, which are esteemed the first models of a pure
and classical style in the Spanish language. He was
not, however, according to Ticknor, a man of genius in
he true sense of this word. His works, including a
lumber of poems and dramas, were published by his
ephew, Ambrosio de Morales, (1586.)

See N. ANTONIO, " Bibliotheca Hispana Nova ;" TICKNOR, " Hts-
ory of Spanish Literature."

Olivares, de, or Olivarez, o-le-va'r?th, (CASPAR DE
UZMAN,) Duke of San Lucar de Barrameda, a cele-
>rited Spanish statesman, was born at Rome in 1587.
'he heir of a wealthy family, he early obtained distinc-
ion at the court of Philip III., and so thoroughly in-
inuated himself into the favour of his son that, on the
ccession of the latter as Philip IV., in 1621, Olivares
oon found himself in possession of the most important
ffices of the kingdom. He was appointed successively
rst minister of state, grand chancellor of the Indies,
reasurer-general of Aragon, captain-general of the
avalry, and Governor of Guipiiscoa. During his ad-
ninistration Spain carried on war against France and
le Netherlands, and Olivares found in Richelieu an
dversary who was more than his equal. The Spanish
rmies suffered reverses, and the prosperity of the king-
om declined. lie was dismissed from power in 1643,
nd was banished to Toro, where he died July 22, 1645.
He was succeeded by his nephew, Luis de Haro.

SeeCoMTE DE LA RocCA, " Histoire du Ministeredu Comte-Duc
'Olivares," 1673.

Olivarez. See OLIVARES.

Olive, o'lev', (JEAN PIERRE,) a trench monk and
writer, born at Serignan in 1247. He was zealous for



as k; <; as s ; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; 5 as z; th as in this.



anations, p.



OLIVECRANTZ



1850



OLLIVIER



the enforcement of strict monastic discipline. After his
death he was condemned as a heretic by a council held
Li 1312, and by Pope John XXII. Died in 1298.
See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'raJe."

Olivecrantz, o-lee'veh-kRants', ? (JoHAN PAULIN,) a
Swedish statesman and Latin poet, born at Strengnas in
1633. He was appointed Governor of Revel in 1680,
and supreme judge of Gothland. He gained the favour
of Queen Christina, who corresponded with him after
her abdication. Died in 1707.

Oll-ver, (ANDREW,) an American magistrate, born
in 1707, was appointed in 1770 lieutenant-governor of
Massachusetts. Having become obnoxious to the colo-
nists by favouring the designs of the British government,
they petitioned for his removal, as well as for that of his
brother-in-law, Governor Hutchinson. Died in 1774.

Oliver, (DANIEL,) M.D., LL.D., an American phy-
sician and scholar, born in Massachusetts in 1787,
published " First Lines of Physiology." Died in 1842.

Oll-ver, (GEORGE,) D.D., an English antiquary and
writer, bo'rn about 1782. He published several works
on Freemasonry. Died in 1867.

Oliver, (ISAAC,) an eminent English artist, born in
1556, excelled in miniature-painting. Among his mas-
ter-pieces are portraits of Mary Queen of Scots, Queen
Elizabeth, and Sir Philip Sidney. Died in 1617. His
son PETER, born about 1600, became equally celebrated
for his portraits, and also produced a number of historical
pictures. Died about 1654 or 1664.

See WALPOLK, " Anecdotes of Painting."

Oliver, (PETER,) LL.D., an American jurist, brother
of Andrew, noticed above, was born in 1713, and gradu-
ated at Harvard College. He was appointed chief
justice of Massachusetts. Died in 1791.

Oliver, (WILLIAM,) of Bath, an English physician,
wrote on the Bath mineral waters. Died in 1764.

Oliver OF MALMESBURY, an English monk and able
mathematician of the eleventh century. His works, if
he wrote any, are lost.

Olivet, d', do'le'vj', (JOSEPH THOULIER,) ABBE, a
celebrated French critic and scholar, born at Salins in
April, 1682. He entered the order of Jesuits at an early
age, but he renounced it about 1714. He was elected to
the French Academy in 1723, and subsequently visited
England, where he made the acquaintance of Pope. He
was the author of a " Treatise on French Prosody,"
" which," says Voltaire, " will subsist as long as the Ian
guage," and " Essays on Grammar," ( 1 732.) He also wrote
a continuation of the " History of the French Academy,"
begun by Pellisson, and made excellent translations of
Cicero's " De Natura Deorum" and his " Orations against
Catiline," and of the " Philippics" of Demosthenes. His
edition of Ciceio's works (9 vols. 410, 1742) is esteemed
one of the best that has appeared. The Abbe 1 d'Olivet
was an intimate friend of Boileau and Voltaire, the latter
of whom he assisted and directed in his studies. Died
in 1768.

See MAIRHT, "filoge historique de 1'Abbe* d'Olivet," 1839;
D'ALHMBKRT, " Hiatoire des Membres de TAcade'mie Francaise ;"
"Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Olivetan, o'lev'tON', (PIERRE ROBERT.) a French
Protestant, born at Noyon in the fifteenth century, is
supposed to have been the first of his countrymen who
translated the Bible from the original Greek and Hebrew.
It is asserted, however, by some writers that he only
retouched the version of Lefevre d'Etaples. This work
was first published in 1535, and is said to have been
revised by Calvin, who was a relative of Olivetan. Died
in 1538.

See SB^NEBIER, " Histoire litteVaire de Geneve."

Oliveyra, o-le-va[e-ra, (FRANCISCO XAVIER,) a Por
tuguese gentletnan,~was born at Lisbon in 1702. Being
sent as secretary of the embassy to Vienna in 1732, he
was converted to Protestantism. He published a "Dis-
course to his Countrymen on the Earthquake at Lisbon,'"
(1756,) and "Familiar Letters." Died in 1783.

Olivier, o'le've-i', (Ci.AUDE MATHIEU,) a French
litterateur, was borii^at Marseilles in 1701. He was one
of the founders of the University of Marseilles. As
counsellor to the Parliament of Paris, he gained a great



reputation as a pleader. He published a " Dissertation
on the Critias of Plato," and a " History of Philip, King
of Macedon," (2 vols., 1740.) Died in 1736.

Olivier, (FRANCOIS,) a French judge and statesman,
aorn in Paris in 1497. He became chancellor of France
n 1545. Died in 1560.

Olivier, (GUILLAUME ANTOINE,) an eminent French
naturalist, born near Toulon in 1756. In 1792 he accom-
panied Bruguiere on a scientific expedition to Persia and
Turkey, where they made a valuable collection of objects
n natural history. He was chosen a member of the
Institute in iSoo. He published a " Dictionary of the
Natural History of Insects, Butterflies, Crustaceans,"
etc., (7 vols., 1789-1825,) "Travels in the Ottoman
Empire, Egypt," etc., (6 vols., 1801,) and several other
works. Died in 1814,

See CUVIER, " loges historiques;" SILVESTRE, " Notice sur O.
A. Olivier," 1815.

Olivier, o'le've-i', (JusTE DANIEL,) a Swiss poet,
Dorn in the cantorT'of Vaud in 1807. He became a
resident of Paris in 1842, and wrote, besides other
poems, "Chansons lointaines." Died January 7, 1876.

Olivier, (SERAPHIM,) a French cardinal, born at
Lyons in 1538, was auditor de rota at Rome for many
years. Died in 1609.

Olivier, d', do'le've-i', (GABRIEL RAIMOND JEAN DE
DIEU FRANCOIS,) a French jurist, born at Carpentras ir
1753. He published many legal works. Died in 1823.

Olivieri, o-le-ve-a'ree, (PIETRO PAULO,) an Italian
architect and sculptor, born at Rome in 1551 ; died ir
1599.

Olivieri degli Abbati, o-le-ve-a'ree dil'yee ab-bl'-
tee, (ANNIBALE,) an Italian antiquary, born at Pesaro
n 1708. He published, besides other works, " Marmora
Pisaurensia Notis illustrata," (1737.) Died in 1789.

Ol'lier,(Ei)MUND,)an English author, born in London,
November 26, 1826. His works include several histories,

A History of the United States," (3 vols., 1875-77,)
" Poems, chiefly from the Greek," (1867,) "British Por-
trait-Painters," (1873,) etc. Died April 19, 1886.

Ollivier, o'le've-i', (CHARLES PROSPER,) a French
medical writer, borrTat Angers in 1796; died in Paris
in 1845.

Ollivier, (DftMOSTHENE,) a French democrat, born
at Toulon in 1799, was the father of Emile, noticed be-
low. He founded at Marseilles in 1831 a journal called
" Le Peuple Souverain," and was elected to the Con-
stituent Assembly in 1848. He was banished about De-
cember, 1851, and returned in 1860. Died in 1884.

Ollivier, (EMILE,) a French advocate and orator, born
at Marseilles in 1825. He practised law with success in
Paris, and was elected to the legislative body by the
voters of that city in 1857. He was re-elected in 1863
He acted with the Liberal party for many years, but
became in 1869 an adherent of Napoleon, who in De-
cember of that year appointed him prime minister, and
requested him " to name persons who will, associated
with yourself, form a homogeneous cabinet, faithfully
representing the legislative majority." He took the
position of minister of justice in the new cabinet formed
(January 2, 1870) partly of the leaders of the Left Centre
and partly of those of the Right Centre. The formation
of this coalition ministry was regarded as an important
event, and as the beginning of a constitutional regime.
The Corps Legislatif, after an excited debate, adopted a
resolution of confidence in the minister, April 5, 1870,
by a vote of 227 to 43. The most liberal members of
the cabinet resigned about the 1st of May, 1870; but
the policy of Napoleon and Ollivier was approved by
a majority of the popular votes, May 8. Ollivier was
elected to the French Academy in April, 1870. He
resigned the office of prime minister, August 9, 1870.
He subsequently withdrew to Italy, where he wrote
"Lamartine," (1874,) "Thiers," (1879,) and other
works, including " L' Empire Liberal," a defence of
his policy, (7 vols., 1894, etseg.)

Ollivier, (FRANCOIS ANTOINE JOSEPH,) a French
judge, born at Ixjriol in 1762 ; died in 1839.

Ollivier, (JULES,) an antiquary, born at Valence In
1804, was a son of the preceding. He wrote on the
antiquities of Dauphine. Died in 1841.



a, e. ' o. u, y, long; a, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; far, fall, fit; mt; n8t; good; m(5on.



OLMUTZ



1851



OMAR



Olmutz, von, fon ol'moots, (WENZEL,) a German
engraver and designer, flourished about 1500.

Olmsted, om'sted or um'sted, (DENISON,) LL.D., an
American chemist and geologist, born at East Hartford,
Connecticut, in 1791. He graduated at Yale College,
and became in 1817 professor of chemistry, mineralogy,
and geology in the University of North Carolina. He
made the first geological survey of that State. In 1825
he obtained the chair of mathematics and natural phi-
losophy at Yale College. He was the author of a
"School Philosophy," "Rudiments of Natural Philoso-
phy and Astronomy," (1842,) "Letters on Astronomy,"
and other valuable text-books. Died in 1859.

Olmsted. (FREDERICK LAW,) an American
author and architect, born at Hartford, Connecticut, in
1822. He published several works of travel in Eng-
land and the United States, describing their agricul-
tural conditions, and in 1857 was appointed chief en- !
gineer and architect of the New York Central Park.

Ol'ney, (EDWARD,) LL.D., an American instructor,
born in Moreau, New York, July 24, 1827, removed in
early youth to Weston, Wood county, Ohio. In 1853
he became professor of mathematics in Kalamazoo Col-
lege, and in 1863 he was called to the chair of mathe-
matics in the University of Michigan. He is well known as
the author of a series of text-books. Died Jan. 16, 1887.

OLney, QESSE,) an American educator, born at Union,
Connecticut, October 12, 1798. He published school-
books, including a geography, (1828,) atlas, arithmetic,
reading-books, etc., a " History of the United States,"
and a volume of poems. Died at Stratford, Connecticut,
July 30, 1872.

Olney, (RICHARD,) an American statesman, born
at Oxford, Massachusetts, in 1835. He graduated at


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 192 of 425)