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engineer, entered the Russian service about 1783. Died
in 1832.

O-phe'U-pn, ['Q0AJuv,] an Athenian comic poet, sup-
posed to have flourished in the fourth century B.C. His
works are not extant.
Ophelte. See OPHELTES.

O-phel'tea, [Gr. '0^n;c ; Fr. OPHELTE, o'fSlt',] a
son of Lycurgus, King of Nemea, was killed in infancy
by a serpent, having been left alone on the grass by
his nurse, Hypsipyle, while she went to guide Adrastus
to a spring.

Opie, o'pe, (AMELIA,) a popular English writer, wife
of John Opie, noticed below, and daughter of Dr. James
Alderson, was born at Norwich in 1769. Her first pub-
lications were a volume of poems, and a tale entitled
" Father and Daughter," which were very well received,
and were succeeded by the novel of " Adeline Mow-
bray," (1804,) " Simple Tales," (1805,) "The Orphan,"
" Valentine's Eve," " Madeline," and other works of
fiction, distinguished for their pathos and for their ele-
vated moral and religious tone. In 1825 Mrs. Opie
became a member of the Society of Friends, and pub-
lished the same year her " Illustrations of Lying."
Having visited Paris in 1830, she wrote an interesting
account of the revolution of July. Among the most
important of her other works may be named " Detrac-
tion Displayed," (1828,) and "Lays for the Dead," (1833.)
She had also published her husband's " Lectures on
Painting," with a memoir, (1809.) Died in 1853.

See Miss C. BRIGHT-WELL, " Memorials of the Life of Amelia
Opie," 1854; "Edinburgh Review" for July, 1806; "Monthly Re-
new" for August, 1820; H. MARTINBAU, " Biographical Sketches,"
i860.



Opie, (JOHN,) a distinguished English painter, born
near Truro, in Cornwall, in 1761. Some of his portraits
and sketches attracted the notice of Dr. Wolcott, the
satirist, who took the young artist under his protection
and introduced him into London society, where he en-
joyed for a time the patronage of the fashionable world.
He married as his second wife, in 1798, Miss Amelia
Alderson, who afterwards obtained great popularity as
a writer. Opie gave particular attention to historical
subjects, and painted "The Death of Rizzio," "Jeph-
thah's Vow," and " Belisarius." He succeeded Fuseli
as professor of painting in the Royal Academy in 1806.
Died in 1807.

See the " Monthly Review" for February, 1810.

O-pil'I-us, (AURELIUS,) a Latin grammarian, who
taught philosophy and rhetoric at Rome. He went into
voluntary exile in 92 B.C. as a companion of his intimate
friend Rutilius Rufus, who had been banished.

Opilius Macrinus. See MACRINUS.

O-piml-us, (Lucius,) a Roman politician, was a
leader of the aristocratic party, and adversary of Caius
Gracchus. He became consul in 121 B.C., and a violent
contest then ensued between the senate and the party
of Gracchus. Having been authorized by the senate
to decide the question by force, Opimius killed Grac-
chus and about three thousand of his partisans. Ac-
cording to Cicero, (" In Catilinam, Oratio I.,") Gracchus
was killed on suspicion of sedition. Opimius was cor-
rupted by Jugurtha in 112, fell into disgrace, and passed
his latter years in exile. Died about 100 B.C.

See PLUTARCH, "C. Gracchus;" SALLUST, "Jugurtha."

Opis. See OPS.

Opitiua. See OPITZ.

Opitz, o'pits, [Lat. OPI'TIUS,] (HEINRICH,) a German
Orientalist, born at Altenburg in 1642, was professor of
Greek and of divinity at Kiel. He published, besides
other works, " Bible in Hebrew," (" Biblia Hebraica,"
1709.) Died in 1712.

See HHTZEL, "Gescnichte der Hebraischen Sprache."

Opitz, [Lat, OPI'TIUS,] (MARTIN,) a celebrated Ger-
man critic and writer, born at Bunzlau, in Silesia, in
1597, is called the founder of the modern school of Ger-
man poetry. He was crowned as poet-laureate by the
emperor in 1628, and was appointed in 1638 historiogra-
pher to Ladislaus IV., King of Poland. His principal
work is entitled a " Poem of Consolation amid the Dis-
asters of War," (1621.) He also translated the Psalms,
the " Antigone" of Sophocles, and other classics. Died
in 1639. His essay on German versification (" Biichlein
von der Deutschen Poeterei," loth edition, 1668) was
highly esteemed. He contributed greatly to the purity
of the German language, into which he introduced a
new prosody. "He is reckoned," says Hallam, "the
inventor of a rich and harmonious rhythm. . . . No
great elevation, no energy of genius, will be found in
this German Heinsius and Malherbe. Opitz displayed,
however, another kind of excellence. He wrote the
language with a purity of idiom in which Luther alone,
whom he chose as his model, was superior." (" Intro-
duction to the Literature of Europe.")

See GOTTSCHED, " Lob- und Gedachtnissrede auf M. Opitz,"
1739; LINDNER, " Nachricht von des weltberuhmten Schlesiers M.
Opitzen," etc., 2 vols., 1740; ERSCH und GRUBER, " Allgemeine
Encyklopaedie."

Opoix, o'pwa', (CHRISTOPHE,) a French savant, born
at Provins in 1745, was a member of the Convention
of 1792-95. He wrote several scientific works. Died
in 1840.

See RAMON, " Notice sur C. Opoix," 1841.

Oporin, o-po-reen' or o'po'rlN', [Lat. OP<JRI'NUS,J
(JoHANN,) a learned Swiss printer, whose original name
was HERBST, born at Bale in 1507. He became professor
of Greek in his native city, where he afterwards estab-
lished a printing-house. He published many excellent
editions of the classics, corrected by himself, and wrote
annotations on Cicero and Demosthenes. Died in 1568.

See HBINZKL, "De Ortu, Vita et Obitu OporinL"

Oporinua. See OPORIN.

Oppede, d', do'p|d', (JEAN de Maynier deh mi'-
ne-4',) BARON, a French judge, born at Aix in 1495.
was'notorious for his cruel persecution of the Vaudois,



i, e. I, 6, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; (ar, fall, fat; mSt; n&t; good; moon;



OPPENORD



1855



ORANGE



who were massacred, without distinction of age or sex,
about 1546. Died in 1558.

See GAUFFKIDI, " Histoire de la Provence,"

Oppenord, op'noR', (GiLLES MARIE,) a French archi-
tect, born in Paris in 1672 ; died in 1742.

Oppert, op'peRt, (JULIUS,) a German Orientalist, of
Jewish parentage, was born at Hamburg in 1825. He
studied Arabic, Sanscrit, etc., and was naturalized as a
citizen of France. He was sent by the French govern-
ment, with F. Fresnel and F. Thomas, on a scientific
mission to Mesopotamia in 1851, and began in 1857 to
publish an account of the same, entitled "Expedition
stientifique en Mesopotamia." He is distinguished as a
decipherer of cuneiform inscriptions. Among his works
are a " History of Chaldaea and Assyria" and a "Sanscrit
Grammar."

Op'pl-an or Op-pl-a'nus, [Gr. 'Oirmavoc; Fr. Op-
P1EN, o'pe^N',1 a celebrated Greek poet, born at Ana-
z.irba, in Cilicia, is supposed to have lived in the second
century of the Christian era. Two poems, entitled "On
the Chase," (" Cynegetica,") and "On Fishing,'' (" Ha-
lieutica,") are ascribed to him. The great superiority
of the latter production to the former has led to the
supposition that they were written by different persons.
The author of the " Halieutica" is compared by Scaliger
to Virgil for the harmony and graces of his style. It is
said th?.t Oppian was presented by the emperor Caracalla
with a gold piece for every verse in his " Halieutica."
Both poems display considerable knowledge of natural
history, mingled with many errors and absurdities.

See the article "Oppianus" in EESCH and GRUBER'S " En-
cyklopaedie," by F. RITTBR ; FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grseca ;"
FOERTSCH, "De Oppiano Poeta Cilice," 1749; " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Generale."

Oppianua. See OPPIAN.

Oppien. See OPPIAN.

Op'pi-us, (CAius,) a Roman writer, who was an inti-
mate friend of Julius Caesar. It is stated that he was
cognizant n{ all the projects and plans of that dictator,
whose private affairs he managed. He wrote biographies
(which are not extant) of several eminent Romans. The
book of Caesar's " Commentaries" which treats on the
war in Africa is attributed to Oppius by some critics.

See DRUMANN, "Geschichte Roms;" Vossius, "De Historicis
Latinis;" "Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Ops or O'pis, a Roman goddess of plenty and fertility!
was identified with the Rhea of the Greek mythology,
and was also called TELLUS. She was supposed to be
the wife of Saturn, and was worshipped as the protec-
tress of agriculture. Opes, the plural of Ops, signifies
" riches, power, help."

Opsopoeus or Obsopous, op-so-po'os, (JoHANN,) a
German physician and scholar, born at Bretten in 1556,
became professor of physiology and botany at Heidel
berg. He published an edition of the " Sibylline Ora
cles," and of several works of Hippocrates. Died in
1596.

Opsopoeus or Obsopous, (VINCENZ,) a German
philologist, born in Franconia in the fifteenth century.
He was the author of a Latin poem "On the Art of
Drinking," (" De Arte Bibendi,") and made translations
from Diodorus and other Greek writers. Died in 1539.

Opstal, van, vin op'stal, ( GASPARD JACQUES,) a
Flemish painter, born at Antwerp in 1660. He painted
religious and mythological subjects. Died about 172^

Opstraet, op'stRlt, (JAN,) a Flemish ecclesiastic,
born at Beringhen in 1651, was the author of severa'
religious works, one of which was entitled "The Chris-
tian Theologian." Died in 1720.

Optat See OPTATUS.

Optatiauus, op-ta-she-a'nus, [Fr. OPTATIEN, op'tir
sg;i,N',] (PUBLIUS PORPHYRIUS,) a degenerate Latin
poet, flourished about 325 A.D. He wrote a Panegyric
on Constantine the Great, the style of which is very bad
His writings are full of puerilities and absurd conceits.

See TILLKMONT, " Histoire des Empereurs."

Optatien. See OPTATIANUS.

Op-ta'tus, [Fr. OPTAT, op'tt',] a saint of the Romish
calendar, born in Africa about 315. He was Bishop
of Milevia or Melevia, and is favourably mentioned bi



Saint Augustine. He wrote a treatise against the Dona-
lists, which is extant. Died after 386 A.D.

See E. DUPIN, "Vie ie Saint-Optat," prefixed to his works,
Paris, 1700.

Opzoomer, op'zo'mer, ( CARL WILLEM,) a distin-
guished Dutch jurist and philosopher, born at Rotter-
3am in 1821, was the author of a "Commentary on the
Books of Civil Law in Holland," and a treatise "On
Conservatism and Reform," (1852.) He became pro-
fessor of philosophy at Utrecht in 1846. Died in 1892.

Or'ange, (FREDERIK HENDRIK van Nassau \in
nis'sow,) PRINCE OF, born at Delft in 1584, was the
youngest son of William I. of Orange, surnamed "the
Silent." His mother was a daughter of Admiral Co-
igni. He served in the army under his half-brother,
Maurice of Nassau, and succeeded him as Stadtholder
of the United Provinces in 1625. He prosecuted with
ability the war against the Spaniards, from whom he
took Maestricht in 1632 and Breda in 1637. As a gen-
eral, he was prudent and mostly successful. He died in
1647, and was succeeded by his son, William II., who
died in 1650, aged twenty-four. The latter had married
Vlary, a daughter of Charles I. of England, and left a
son, who became William III. of England.

See ARNOLD MONTANUS, "Leven en Bedrijf van Frederik Hen-
drik,'' 1652: COMMBLIN, " Leven van Fred. Hendrik van Nassauw,"
1651-59: ZHEMAN, "Leven van Fr. Hendrik Prins van Oranje,"
1832; D'AuBERY, "Memoires."

Orange, (MAURICE,) PRINCE OF. See NASSAU.

Or'ange, [Fr. pron. o'rSNzh',] (PHILIBEKT DE Cha-
lons sha'loN',) PRINCE OF, a distinguished commander,
born in Burgundy in 1502, was the son of the Baron of
Arlay. He entered the service of Charles V. about 1521,
and fought against the French. When Constable Bourbon
was killed in the assault on Rome, in 1527, he succeeded
to the command of the army, and compelled the pope to
subscribe the conditions which he dictated. He became
Viceroy of Naples in 1528, and was killed at the siege
of Florence, in 1530. His nephew, Reni of Nassau, be-
came his heir.

See LA PISE. " Histoire de la Maison d'Orange."

Orange, (WILLIAM [PRINCE] OF,) [Lat. GUILHEL'.
MUS (or GUILIEL'MUS) AURI'ACUS ; Fr. GUILLAUME
D'ORANGE, ge'yom' do'r6Nzh' ; Ger. WILHELM VON
ORANIEN, wil'helm fon o-ra'ne-en ; Dutch, WILLEM
VAN ORANJE, wil'lem vin o-ran'yeh,] called also Wil-
liam the Silent, [ Fr. GUILLAUME LE TACITURNE,
ge'yom' leh tf se'tiirn',] the illustrious founder of the
Dutch republic, was born at Dillenburg, in Nassau, in
April, 1533. He was the eldest son of William, Count
of Nassau, and was descended from an ancient sovereign
family, one of whose members, Adolph of Nassau, had
occupied the imperial throne. From his cousin-german
Rene, who died in 1544, he inherited princely estates in
Brabant, Flanders, and Holland, besides the small prin-
cipality of Orange, in the southeast of France. He was
educated as a Protestant by his parents ; but about the
age of fifteen he became a page of the emperor Charles
V., who quickly discerned his excellent qualities and
admitted him into his secret councils. Charles testified
his confidence in the young prince by appointing him
general-in-chief of the army in 1554, in the absence of
the Duke of Savoy, and leaned on his shoulder at ths
ceremony of his own abdication, in 1555. William, who
was regarded as the greatest Flemish subject of Spain,
was one of the hostages given by Philip II. of Spain to
Henry II. of France in 1559 for the execution of the
treaty of CSteau Cambresis. Henry II., in conversation
with his hostage, (whom he supposed to be a Catholic
and to be privy to the secrets of the Spanish court,) im-
prudently revealed to him a plot which those two kings
had formed to massacre all their Protestant subjects.
"William earned," says Motley, " the surname of 'The
Silent,' from the manner in which he received these
communications from Henry without revealing to the
monarch, by word or look, the enormous blunder which
he had committed. His purpose was fixed from that
hour." He was a Catholic nominally and in outward
observance, but had then no dogmatic zeal, perhaps
no interest in questions of theology. Humanity and
patriotism, however, determined him to counteract tha



e as k; c as s; g hard: g as /; G, H, Vi,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z: th as in tk. ee Explanations, p. 23. )



. RBIGNY



1856



ORDINAIRE



cruel and tyrannical designs of the court. He acted with
characteristic caution and secrecy in his opposition for
several years, and continued to serve as Stadtholder
of Holland, Zealand, and Utrecht, and councillor of
state. A mutual but dissembled enmity existed between
him and Philip II. In 1566 a great insurrection was
provoked by the attempt of Philip to establish the In-
quisition in all its rigour in the Netherlands. William
refused to take a new oath of unlimited obedience, and
offered to resign all his offices, in 1567. In the same
year the famous Duke of Alva was sent with an army,
and with supreme civil power as governor, to complete
the subjection of the revolted provinces. In this crisis,
Egmont, who had been the friend of the Prince of Orange,
refused to co-operate with him in resistance to the im-
pending invasion. By hastily retiring to Nassau, Orange
escaped the doom which had been pronounced on him
at Madrid. In February, 1568, a sentence of the Inqui-
sition condemned to death as heretics all the inhabitants
of the Netherlands, with a few exceptions. (Motley.)
Having raised a large army, William entered Brabant in
1568, and offered battle to Alva, who declined to fight.
At the end of the campaign, Orange was forced to dis-
band his army for want of money to pay them. In 1572
many cities of Holland raised the standard of Orange,
and the contest was maintained with desperate resolution
through long years of adversity. He founded a famous
republic by the union of the seven Protestant provinces
of Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, Friesland, Groningen,
Overyssel, and Guelderland, in 1579, and was chosen
Stadtholder. In 1584 he was assassinated by Balthazar
Gerard, a fanatical Catholic. He left three sons, Philip,
Maurice, (see NASSAU,) and Frederick Henry, the first
of whom was seized by Alva in 1568, sent to Spain as a
hostage, and detained many years in captivity.

" His enemies," says Motley, " never contested the
subtlety and breadth of his intellect, his adroitness and
capacity in conducting state affairs, and the profoundness
of his views. In many respects his surname of 'the
Silent' was a misnomer. William of Orange was neither
' silent' nor ' taciturn ;' yet these are the epithets which
will be forever associated with the name of a man who
in private was the most affable, cheerful, and delightful
of companions, and who on a thousand public occasions
was to prove himself, both by pen and speech, the most
eloquent man of his age." To William the Silent is
due the honour of being the first among European states-
men to make a practical application in government of
the principle of religious toleration.

See MOTLEY, "Rise of the Dutch Republic," passim, (especially
the remarks at the close of the third volume :) GROTIUS, " Annales ;
STRADA, " De Bellp Belgico ;" HOOFT, " Nederlandsche Historic ;"
DB THOW, " Historia sui Temporis;'* BEAUFORT, " Leven van Wil-
lem I., Prins van Oranje," 3 vols., 1732: EUGBNB MAHON, "Guil-
laume le Tacitume," 1852; J. B. CHAMPAGNAC, " Guillaume le
Taciturne et sa Dynastic," 1851: SPANDAW, " Lofrede op Willem
den Ersten," etc., 1821 ; AMELOT DE LA HOUSSAYE, " Histoire de
Philippe Guillaume de Nassau," etc,, 2 vols., 1754: MEURSIUS,
"Guilielmus Auriacus," 1621; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"ne"rale ;"
R. BURTON, " History of the House of Orange," 1693.

Orbigny, d', doR'ben'ye', (ALCIDE DESSALINES,) an
eminent French naturalist, born at Coueron (Loire-In-
firieure) in 1802. He was sent on a scientific mission
to South America in 1826 by the managers of the Mu-
seum of Natural History. He spent eight years in the
exploration of Brazil, Chili, Peru, Bolivia, etc-, and pub-
lished the results in an important work entitled " Travels
in South America," (9 vols. 410, 1834-47.) In 1853 he
obtained a new chair founded in the Jardin des Plantes
for the study of organic remains. Among his chief
works is " The Palaeontology of France," (" Pale'onto-
logie Francaise," 14 vols., 1840-54, with 1430 plates,)
and " Cours e'lementaire de Paleontologie et de Ge'ologie
stratigraphiques," (3 vols., 1849-52.) Died in 1857.

See DAMOUR, " Discours aux Funirailles d'A. d'Orbigny :"
"Notice analytique sur les Travaux d'Alcide d'Orbigny," 1856;
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'ralt"

Orbigny, d', (CHARLES DESSALINES,) a French geolo-
gist, a brother of the preceding, was born at Coueron in
1806. He published a " Universal Dictionary of Natu-
ral History," (24 vols., 1839-49.) in which he was aided
by Arago, Jussieu, and other savants ; also, several works
on geology. Died February 15, 1876.



Or-bill-us Pu-pillus, a Roman grammarian and
teacher, famed for his severe discipline. He taught
languages at Rome, and numbered among his pupils
the poet Horace, who has immortalized him under the
name of "the flogging (plagosvm) Orbilius."

See HORACE, "EpistoUe:" SUETONIUS, "De illustrious Gram-
maticis."

Orcagna, oR-kan'yi, (ANDREA DI CIONE,) an emi-
nent Florentine architect, painter, and sculptor, some-
times called ORGAGNA, born about 1325. He built the
Loggia di Lanzi at Florence, which was commended by
Michael Angelo as a model of elegance. Among his
master-pieces in painting are the frescos of the "Last
Judgment," and the " Triumph of Death," in the Campo
Santo at Pisa. Died about 1385.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters, Architects," etc. ; QUATRK-
MBRE DK OUINCV, " Vies des plus illustres Architectes ;" BALDINUCCI,
"Notizie , LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Or'chard-spn, (WILLIAM QUILLER,) a Scottish
painter, born at Edinburgh in 1835. In 1863 he re-
moved to London, where in 1868 he was made an asso-
ciate and in 1877 a full Academician. His figure-paint-
ings are very numerous, and are highly valued.

Or'cus, the Roman god of the lower regions, identi-
fied with the Pluto or Hades of the Greek mythology.
(See PLUTO.)

Ord, (CRAVEN,) an English antiquary, born in 1756.
He furnished materials to Gough and John Nichols for
their works. Died in 1832.

Ord, (EnwARD O. C.,) an American general, born
in Maryland in 1818, graduated at West Point in 1839.
He became a captain in 1851, and served several years
in California and Oregon. He was appointed a briga-
dier-general of volunteers about September, 1861, and
gained a victory at Dranesville, Virginia, December 20
of that year. In May, 1862, he was raised to the rank
of major-general. He served under General Grant at
the siege and capture of Vicksburg, July, 1863, soon
after which he was sent to Louisiana. He obtained
command of the eighteenth corps in July, 1864, and led
the same in a successful operation against Fort Harrison,
near Richmond, in September of that year. He suc-
ceeded General Butler as commander of the department
of Virginia and North Carolina in January, 1865. lie
commanded a corps in the final assault on Petersburg,
April 2, 1865, and his command contributed greatly to
the success gained on the 6th of that month near the
Appomattox. He was commander of the fourth military
district, comprising Mississippi and Arkansas, trom April
1867, to December of that year. Died July 22, 1883.

Ord, (JOHN W.,) an English poet and medical writer
born in iSn. He produced, besides other works,
" England : an Historical Poem." Died in 1853.

Ordaz, oR-dath', (Don DIEGO,) a Spanish captain
and explorer, served under Cortez in the conquest of
Mexico. He was the first white man that ascended
Popocatepetl. Having been authorized by Charles V.
to conquer the country between Cape Vela and the Bay
of Venezuela, he ascended the river Orinoco one hun-
dred and sixty leagues about 1531. Died in 1533.

See PRBSCOTT, " Conquest of Mexico ;" LAS CASAS, " Historia
de las Indias."

Ordener, oRd'na', (MiCHEL,) a French general, born
at Saint-Avoid (Moselle) in 1755. He obtained the rank
of general of division for his services at Austerlitz, (1805.)
Died in 1811.

Orderic Vital. See ORDERICUS VITALIS.

Or-de-ri'cus Vi-ta'lis, [Fr. ORDERIC VITAL, or'deh-
rek' ve'til',] one of the most distinguished early English
historians, born near Shrewsbury in 1075, was descended
from a French family. In 1 107 he was ordained a priest.
He was the author of "The Ecclesiastical History of
England and Normandy" from the birth of Christ to
1141, which, according to Guizot, contains more valuable
information on the history of the eleventh and twelfth
centuries than any other single work. Died about 1 141.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Ordinaire, or'de'niR', (CLAUDE NICOLAS,) a French
naturalist, born at Salins in 1736, published a "Natural
History of Volcanoes," (1802,) which is commended.
Died in 1808.



a, e, T, 6, u, y, long- a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; far, fall, fit; mil; n&t; good; moon;



OREADES



185?



ORGETORIX



Oreadea. See OREADS.

O're-ads, [Gr. 'Op>cu5<rf; Lat. ORE'ADES ; Fr. ORE-
ADES, o'fa'td',] mountain-nymphs of classic mythology,
derived their name from the Greek ipof, a "mountain."
They attended Diana in hunting-excursions.

Oregio, o-ra'jo, [Lat. ORE'GIUS,] (AGOSTINO,) a
learned Italian cardinal and theologian, born at Santa
Sofia, in Tuscany, in 1577. He was the author of
treatises " On the Trinity" and " On the Work of Six
Days." Died in 1635.

Oregius. See OREGIO.

Oreglia di Santo Stefano, o-Ri'le-a de san'to
stet'a-no, (Luici,) an Italian cardinal, born at Bena, July
9, 1828, became Archbishop of Darrwetta in partibus,
and in 1873 was created a cardinal-priest and was made
prefect of the congregation of indulgences and holy
relics. In 1884 he was promoted to be a cardinal-bishop
and appointed Bishop of Palestrina.

O'Reilly, o-ri'Ie, (ALEXANDER,) a Spanish general, of
Irish descent, born near Chinchilla in 1725. He fought
for the French at Minden (1759) and Corbach, (1760,)
soon after which he returned to the Spanish service. He
took possession of Louisiana in 1768, and afterwards
commanded an expedition against Algiers. Died in 1794.

See BOURGOING, " Tableau de PEspagne modeme."

O'Reilly, o-ri'le, (ANDREW,) a general, born in Ire-
land in 1740. He entered the Austrian service, and
fought against the French in many campaigns. He
commanded a corps at Austerlitz, (1805.) Died in 1832.

O'Reilly, (BERNARD,) D.D., a bishop, born in the
county of Longford, Ireland, in 1803. He came in 1825
to America, studied at Montreal and Baltimore, and in
1831 took priest's orders in the Roman Catholic Church.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 194 of 425)