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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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be blown up in 1772, merely to furnish a model to the
painter, Hackert, whom he employed to paint the battle
of Chesme'. He died in 1808.

Orlof, Orlov, or Orlow, (ALEXIS,) COUNT, a famous
Russian diplomatist and general, born in 1787, was a
son of Feodor, noticed below. He entered the army
in his youth, and served as adjutant to the grand duke
Constantine in the war against Bonaparte. In 1825 he
commanded a regiment of guards in the capital, and
gained the favour of the Czar Nicholas by his zeal and
efficiency in suppressing a great revolt of the troops.
He was created a count, and received a high command
in the army. In 1829 he negotiated the treaty of Adri-
anople, and was sent as ambassador to the Ottoman
Porte. He was appointed commander of the army sent
in 1833 to aid the Sultan against the Viceroy of Egypt,
and negotiated the treaty of Unkiar-Skelesi. He was
the intimate companion of Nicholas in his journey to
England, Italy, and other countries. In 1856 he was
the representative of Russia at the Congress of Paris,
and signed a treaty of peace with France and England.
He became in 1856 president of the Grand Council of
the empire and ministry, the highest functionary of
Russia. Died in May, 1861. He left one son.

Orlof, Orlov, or Orlow, (FEODOR,) a Russian officer,
born in 1741, was a brother of Alexis first above no-
ticed, and father of the preceding. He distinguished
himself in the war against the Turks, from whom he
took Navarino in 1770, and afterwards rose to the rank
of general -in -chief. Died in 1796.

Orlof, Orlov, or Orlow, (GREGORY,) a Russian cour-
tier and general, born about 1734, was a brother of
Alexis first above noticed. He served in the Seven
Years' war, (1755-62,) and was one of the principal
actors in the revolution which raised Catherine II. to
the throne in July, 1762. About that time he became
the favourite paramour of Catherine, and was appointed
grand master of the artillery. It is stated that she pro-
posed a secret marriage with him, but his ambition to
reign with her as her acknowledged consort induced him
to decline the offer. She was offended by this refusal,
and supplied his place by a new favourite about 1772.
Died in 1783.

See FREUDENREICH, "Die Familie Orloff als Morder der Rus-
ischen Kaiser," 1831.

Orlof, Orlov, or Orlow, (GREGORY,) COUNT, born
in 1777, was a nephew of Alexis first above noticed. He
lived many years in Paris and Italy. He published, in
French, "Travels in Part of France," (1824,) and "Me-
moirs, Historical, Political, and Literary, of the Kingdom
of Naples." Died in 1826.

Orlof, (MICHAEL,) born in 1785, was a son of Feodor,
noticed above. He served in several campaigns against
Bonaparte, and in 1814 was one of the allied generals
who received the capitulation of Paris. Having taken
part in the secret associations formed in the Russian
army in the latter part of Alexander's reign, he was dis-
graced in 1825, and passed the rest of his life in a private
station. Died in 1841.

Orlofski, Orlovaki, or Orlowski, oR-lofskee,
(BORIS IVANOVITCH,) a Russian sculptor, born in 1793,



was sent by the government in 1822 to Italy, where he
studied under Thorwaldsen. Among his master-pieces
are a statue of " Paris with the Apple," (of Discord,)
and a colossal bust of the emperor Alexander I. Died
in 1837.

Orlov. See ORLOF.

Orlow. See ORLOF.

Orme, orm, (ROBERT,) a distinguished historian, of
English extraction, born in 1728 at Anjengo, in Hin-
dostan. He was appointed in 1754 a member of the
Council at Fort Saint George, and was afterwards made
a commissary and accountant-general. In this capacity
he contributed greatly to establish British power in
India, and on his recommendation the celebrated Clive
obtained the military command in that country. He
became historiographer to the East India Company, and
in 1778 published his "History of the Military Trans-
actions of the British in Hindostan." He also wrote
" Historical Fragments of the Mogul Empire of the
Mahrattas," (1782.) Died in 1801.

See " Edinburgh Review" for January, 1807.

Ormea, d', doR-ma'a, (CARLO FRANCESCO VINCENZO
Ferrero f?r-ra'ro,) MARQUIS, an Italian statesman,
born at Mondovi. He was the chief minister of Charles
Emmanuel, King of Sardinia, from 1730 until his death.
Died in 1745.

See VOLTAIRE, " Siecle de Louis XV."

Or'merod, (ELEANOR A.,) an English entomolo-
gist, daughter of George Ormerod, the historian of
Cheshire, took up the study of entomology in 1853,
and was consulting entomologist to the Royal Agri-
cultural Society 1882-92. She wrote largely on this
subject, among her works being " Manual of Injurious
Insects," (1881,) "Guide to Methods of Insect
Life," (1884,) and "Agricultural Entomology,"
(1892.)

Ormesaon, d', doR'mi'sAN', (HENRI FRANC.OIS DK
PAULE LE FEVRE,) a French financier, born in 1751.
He was appointed controller-general of the finances in
1783, and removed a few months later. He was very
incompetent for that office. Died in 1807.

Ormesaon, d', (Louis FRANC.OIS DE PAULE LE
FEVRE,) a French judge, born in 1718, was a nephew
of the noted orator and legislator, Chancellor d' Agues-
seau. He became first president of the Parliament of
Paris in 1788. Died in 1789.

Or'mpnd, (JAMES BUTI.ER,) first DUKE OF, an
eminent statesman, born of an ancient Irish family in
London in 1610, was the eldest son of Thomas Butler,
Viscount Thurles. On the death of his grandfather,
in 1632, he succeeded him as Earl of Ormond. The
next year he went to Ireland, and became the friend and
confidential adviser of the Earl of Strafford. In 1641 he
was appointed commander-in-chief of the army designed
to suppress the Irish rebellion. He showed himself an
able general, and defeated the rebels at Kilrush and
Ross. He adhered constantly to the king during the
civil war, and in 1644 was appointed lord lieutenant of
Ireland, then a prey to fierce factions. He was com-
pelled to surrender Dublin to the English Parliament in
1647, and retired to France.

Ormond was a favoured companion and adviser of
Charles II. in his exile, and soon after his restoration
he was created Duke of Ormond. In 1662 he was again
chosen lord lieutenant of Ireland, which he governed
with wisdom until 1668. In 1670 he was seized in Lon-
don by a ruffian named Blood, who bound him and
designed to hang him at Tyburn ; but the duke was
rescued by his servants. He died in 1688.

Ormond, (JAMES BUTLER,) second DUKE OF, born
in Dublin in 1665, was a grandson of the preceding, and
a son of the Earl of Ossory. He succeeded to the duke-
dom in 1688, and in the same year joined the standard
of the Prince of Orange, who afterwards treated him
with favour and confidence. He commanded the Life
Guards at the battle of the Boyne, (1690,) and fought
several ensuing campaigns in Flanders. From 1703
to 1706 he was Viceroy of Ireland, and in 1712 was
appointed commander-in-chief of the British army in
place of Marlborough. In compliance with secret orders



a, e, T, 5, u, y,ltng; i. 4, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, fi, >', short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fat; m8t; n5t; good; mflon;



ORMSBY



1861



ORSA TO



from the ministry, he declined to co-operate with the
allies against the French in Flanders. For this offence
he was impeached by the Whigs in 1715, and, having
escaped to France, was attainted. He then became a
partisan of the Pretender, and obtained command of an
armament which Spain sent against England, and which
was dispersed by a storm. He died in exile in 1745-

Orms'by, (JoHN,) an Irish author, born in 1829.
He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and was
the author of "Autumn Rambles in North Africa,"
(1864,) and "Stray Papers," (1876.) He was best
known for his translations of " Don Quixote" and
the " Poem of the Cid." The latter is the only com-
plete translation in English, and closely preserves the
spirit of the original. He died in 1895.

Ormuzd, or'miizdor or'moozd, [Gr. 'Qpo/taodri; ; Lat
OROMAS'DES, the AHURA-MAZDA of the Zend-Avesta,]
written also Ormusd and Hormuzd, in the religion
of the ancient Persians, the principle of light, purity,
truth, and goodness, as opposed to Ahriman, (Sh're-
man',) [in Latin, Arima'nes or Arima'nius,] the prin-
ciple of evil and darkness. Ormuzd was considered to
be the creator of whatever was good or beautiful in
the universe. He not only created the world of light,



zen, and Leipsic, in 1813. He obtained the dignity of
senator in 1852, and became a marshal of France in 1861.
Died in 1863.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'neYale."

Orobio, o-ro'be-o, (BALTASAR,) a learned Spanish
few, was professor of philosophy at Salamanca. He
was the author of a work entitled "Certamen Philo-
sophicum," being a refutation of the doctrines of Spi-
noza. Died in 1687.

O-ro'dea L, King of Parthia, a son of Phraates III.,
began to reign about 56 B.C. He is also styled ARSACES
XIV. His dominions were invaded by the Roman gen-
eral Crassus, who was defeated with great loss by the
Parthians, near Carrhas, in 53 B.C. About 40 B.C. he sent
an army under his son Pacorus to fight against Mark
Antony. (See PACORUS.)

Oromasdes. See ORMUZD.

Oronce. See FINE.

Oiontius. See FINE.

Orose, (PAUL.) See OROSIUS PAULUS.

O-ro'sI-us Paulus, [Fr. PAUL OROSE, pol o'roz',] a
Latin historian and Christian presbyter, who lived about
410-30 A.D., was a native of Tarragona, in Spain. He
was a friend of Saint Augustine and Saint Jerome, and



" ' i in several theological treatises opposed the doctrines

including the firmament and all the heavenly luminaries, of Orj and p e f ius . His p rin ^pal work is entitled
but also various orders of celestial or angelic beings, | Hist riarum Libr ! V II. adversos Paganos," being a
among which were the Amshaspands, pres.dmg over d f christianit ^ inst writer ; who 8 as .

the various kingdoms of the universe: one for ex- serted that since the overthrow of the old religion the
ample, is the king of light, another the spin of fire and WQr)d had suffered er calamities . This history,

of life; after these are the king of metals, the king of h h defident in a | curacV) contains much important
the seasons, and, lastly, the creator and protector of info 4 ati and tes from various authors H whose
trees, flocks, and herds. Among the Amshaspands is m are ' not ^ A the translations of this

reckoned also Sapandomad, the daughter of Ormuzd, k f d b A)f d Ki * f E land .

and the mother of the human race The next order gee .. ^ des ' Autel f rs KcWs L iques ... BXH ,,

of beings are the Izeds, who have charge of particular G eschichie der Rbmischen Literatur :" Vossius, "De Historic;,
portions of nature. Some of these are male and some Latinis;" MORNER, " De Orosii Vita," 1844.
female. Of the Izeds, the most worthy of mention is Orph6e. See ORPHEUS.

Mithra or Mithras, the god of day, who presides over Orpheus, or'fus or or'fe-us, [Gr.'OpQevf ; Fr. ORPH^E,
the light which mortals enjoy on earth. He is often oR'fa'; It. ORFEO, oR-fa'o,] a mythical or semi-fabulous
identified with the sun ; but he is more properly regarded personage, who was celebrated in the legends of the
as a being distinct and separate from the latter. Below ancient Greeks as a poet, musician, and inventor. His
the Izeds are the Fervers, who may be regarded as the | name does not occur in the poems of Homer or Hesiod,
original patterns or prototypes of all inferior beings. > but is mentioned by Ibycus, Euripides, and Aristophanes.
They are emanations from the essence of Ormuzd. Ac- 1 Plato refers to Orpheus and his works, calls him the son
cording to Zoroaster, an incomprehensible being named of CEagrus, and ascribes to him the origin of religious
Zeruane- (or Zervane-) Akerene (or "time without ' mysteries. He is supposed to have lived in Thrace not
bounds") created both Ormuzd and Ahriman. The latter long before the Trojan war, or about 1200 B.C. Ac-
was originally pure, but, becoming envious of Ormuzd, : cording to tradition, Apollo presented him with a lyre,
he created orders of evil beings (Devs, or demons) cor- w jth which he enchanted wild beasts, trees, etc, lulled
responding to the celestial orders of Ormuzd. And in asleep the dragon that guarded the golden fleece, and
every part of the universe, even to the minutest particle rendered other important services in the Argonautic
of matter, the principle of Evil opposes the principle of expedition. Virgil has commemorated in an admirable
Good. But after a certain period the power of Ahriman episode of his "Georgics" (book iv.) the descent of Or-
will be utterly overthrown, and all evil will come to an pheus to the infernal regions after his lost Eurydice.
end. Some say Ahriman will be destroyed ; others, that (See EURYDICE.) The poets relate that he was torn in
u .-n .: . :.. _.:n . .1 .- j~ ...;i pieces by Thracian women in their Bacchanalian orgies,

oecause he neglected their sex or treated their charms

with contempt.

See TIBDBMANN, " Griechenlands erste Philosopher! ; Oder Le-



he will continue to exist, without the power to do evil.
See GUIGNIAUT, " Religions de I'Antiqmte 1 ," vol. i. book ii.

Ornano, d', doR-na'no, called SAMPIERRO, (sam-pe
er'ro,) a general, born in Italy in 1497, entered the



Frtnch army in 1533. In I 55 3 he defeated the Genoese : ^cel-'STcl be^lc^derHell^sch^D.cl



in Corsica, which was annexed to France in 1557. Henry
II. having restored it to the Genoese about 1560, D'Or-
nano invaded that island in 1564 and conquered part of
it. He was assassinated in 1567.
See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."



r - History of

Geschichte der Hellenischen Dichtkunst"

Orr, (JAMES L.,) an American lawyer and politician,
born at Craytonville, South Carolina, in 1822. He
represented a district of that State in Congress from
1848 to 1860. He was elected Speaker_pf the House of



see nouvene Diuerapme uciicrnic. T-V u t. - -

Ornano, d', (ALPHONSE,) a son of the preceding, was Representatives by the Democrats in December, 1857.

born in 1548. He fought against the Huguenots in the In the Convention of South Carolina held December,

civil wars of France, and afterwards rendered military t 8 . 60 : " e v

services to Henry IV., who raised him to the rank of missioners sent by Sou

marshal of France Died in 1610. His son, JEAN BAP- negotiate m the wmter of .860-61 In 1862 he wa* > electee

TISTE, born in 1583, became a marshal of France. He a Senator of the Confederate States, and in 1865 Gov-

was imprisoned by Richelieu, and died in prison in 1626. ernor of South Carolina. Died May 5, 1873.

Orrery, EARL OF. See BOYLE, (ROBERT,) and BOYLE,



See DE THOU, " Memoires.

Ornano, d', (PHILIPPE ANTOINF,) COUNT, a French (CHARLES.)
general, born at Ajaccio in 1784. His mother was Isa- : Orrizonte.
belle Bonaparte. He obtained the rank of colonel for



See BLOEMEN, VAN, (JoHN FRANCIS.)
Orry.o're', (PHILIBERT,) Count de Vignori, a French



.

his conduct at Jena, (1806,) and became a general of financier, born at Troyes in 1689. He was controller-

brigade in 1811. As a general of division, he distin- generalof the finances from 173010 1745. Died in 1747.

guished himself at the battle of Borodino, (1812,) and Orsato, oR-sa'to, (GIAMBATTISTA,) an Italian a;

commanded the cavalry of the guard at Dresden, Baut- quary and physician, born at Padua in 1673 ; died in 172

as k; 9 as s; g hard; g asy ; G, H, M,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (^="See Explanations, p. 23 j



ORSATO



1862



ORZECHOWSK1



Orsato, [Lat. URSA'TUS,] (SERTORIO,) an Italian
antiquary, born at Padua in 1617. He published, among
other treatises, " De Notis Romanorum Commenta-
rius,"(i672,) or an explanation of the abbreviations used
by the Romans, and a "History of Padua," (1678.)
The former work is highly esteemed by antiquaries.
Died in 1678.

See FABRONI, "Vitas Italorum doctrina excellentium."

Orsay, d', dor'sa', [Fr. pron. doR'sJ',] (ALFRED GUIL-
LAUME GABRIEL,) COUNT, an artist and leader of fashion,
distinguished for his rare accomplishments and his fasci-
nating manners, was born in France in 1798. He married
in 1827 Lord Blessington's daughter, from whom he
separated a few years later. He became an intimate
friend of Lady Blessington, in whose house he lived
many years, (in London.) His wit, his amiable temper,
and his brilliant personal qualities rendered him a general
favourite. Among his friends were Lord Byron, (of
whom he produced a good portrait,) Sir Edward Bulwer.
and Napoleon III. Died in 1852.

See "Gentleman's Magazine" for September, 1852; DR. R. R.
MADDEN, " Literary Life and Correspondence of the Countess of
Blessington," 3 vols., London, 1855.

Orseolo, oR-sa-o'lo, or Urseolo, ooR-sa-o'lo, (Oxro,)
Doge of Venice, was a son of Piero II., noticed below.
He was elected doge in 1009, and was banished in 1026.
Died in 1032.

Orseolo or Urseolo, ( PIERO I.,) was elected Doge
of Venice in 976. He gained a victory over the Sara-
cens in Apulia, and established a regular financial sys-
tem. Died in 987.

Orseolo or Urseolo, (PIERO II.,) an able Venetian
commander, a son of the preceding, became Doge of
Venice in 991. He conquered Dalmatia, and annexed
it to the republic. Died in 1009.

See DARU, " Histoire de Venise."

Orsi, oR'see, (GIOVANNI GIUSEPPE,) MARQUIS, an
Italian author, born at Bologna in 1652, wrote verses
and several prose works, among which is " De Moralibus
Criticae Regulis Monita," (1706.) Died in 1733.

Orsi, (GIUSEPPE AGOSTINO,) an Italian cardinal, born
at Florence in 1692. His principal work is an "Eccle-
siastical History of the First Six Centuries of the Church."
(2O vols., 1746 et seq.) Died in 1761.

See FABRONI, "Vita- Italorum doctrina eicellentium."

Orsi, (LELIO, or LELIO da Novellara d5 no-vel-
la'ra,) an Italian painter, born in Lombardy in 1511.
His copy of Correggio's " Night" is greatly admired.
Died in 1587.

See LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy."

Orsini, oR-see'nee, the name of an illustrious and
powerful Italian family, which for many years was hos-
tile to the house of Colonna. GIOVANNI GAETANI OR-
SINI was made pope in 1277, under the name of Nicholas
III. In 1503 FRANCESCO and PAOLO ORSINI were assas-
sinated by order of Cassar Borgia, and about the same
time Cardinal Orsini was poisoned at Rome by Pope
Alexander VI.

Orsini, (FELICE,) an Italian revolutionist, born at
Meldola in 1819. He took an active part in the revolu-
tionary movements of 1848, after which he continued to
conspire against the government He was confined in
prison at Mantua about 1854, but escaped in 1856 and
went to England. He was the chief of a band of con-
spirators who attempted to assassinate Napoleon III. in
January, 1858, by bombs or explosive apparatus. He
was executed in March, 1858.

Orsini, (FuLVio.) See URSINUS FULVIUS.

Orsini, POPE. See BENEDICT XIII.

Orsted. See OERSTED.

Orta, (GARCIA DA.) See HORTO.

Ortega, oR-ta'ga, (CASIMIR GOMEZ,) a Spanish bot-
anist, born at Madrid in 1730. He published an "Ele-
mental Course of Botany," and other treatises of the
kind. The name of Ortegia has been given to a genus
of plants. Died in 1810.

Ortelius, van, vSn or-ta'le-us, Ortel, or Oertel,
oR'tel, (ABRAHAM,) an eminent geographer and mathe-
matician, apparently of German extraction, was born at
Antwerp in 1527. After travelling in England and on
the continent, he published in 1570 his "Universal



Geography," ("Theatrum Orbis Terrarum,") and m
1575 was appointed geographer to Philip II. He was
an intimate friend of Mercator, Justus Lipsius, and other
eminent men of the time. Besides the above-mentioned
work, which is still highly valued, and which obtained
for its author the name of the " Ptolemy of his age,"
Oertel wrote several antiquarian treatises. Died in 1598.
See F. SWHERT, " Insignium ejus Mvi Poetarum Lacryma: in
Obitum A. Ortelii," 1601.

Ortigue, d', doR'teg', (JOSEPH Louis,) a French jour-
nalist and writer on music, born at Cavaillon in 1802,
He became professor de chant at the College Henri IV.
Paris, in 1839. Died November 20, 1866.

Ortigue, d', (PIERRE,) a French novelist, born at Apt
in 1610. He wrote several novels, and "The Art of
Pleasing in Conversation," (1688.) Died in 1693.

Ortiz, oR-teth', (ALONZO,) a Spanish historian and
theologian, born at Toledo, lived in the early part of the
sixteenth century.

Ortolan, oR'to'loN', (JOSEPH Louis ELZEAR, ) a
French jurist, born at Toulon (Var) in 1802. He pub-
lished in 1827 his principal work, a "Historical Expli-
cation of the Institutes of Justinian," (3 vols.,) which is
considered classic. Died in 1873.

Or'tpu, (EDWARD,) LL.D., an American geologist,
born at Delhi, New York, March 9, 1829, graduated at
Hamilton College, Clinton, New York, in 1848, studied
at the Lane and Andover Theological Seminaries and
at the Lawrence Scientific School, was professor of nat-
ural science in the New York State Normal School,
Albany, 1856-59, in Antioch College, 1865-69, president
of Antioch College, 1872-73, president of the Ohio State
University, 1873-81, and in 1881 became State geologist
of Ohio and professor of geology in the State University.
He wrote several volumes of the " Geology of Ohio."
He was president of the Geological Society of
America in 1897, and of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science 1898-99. Died in
1899.

Orton, (JAMES,) an American scientist, born at Seneca
Falls, New York, April 21, 1830. He graduated at Wil-
liams College in 1855, and, after studying at Andover
Theological Seminary, was in 1860 ordained a Con-
gregationalist clergyman. In 1867 he headed a party
of students from Williams College in a South American
exploring expedition. In 1869 he was appointed pro-
fessor of natural history in Vassar College. In 1873 he
went upon another South American expedition, and died
on Lake Titicaca, September 24, 1877. Among his books
are " Proverbialist and Poet," (1852,) "The Andes and
the Amazons," (1870,) " Underground Treasures," (1872,)
"The Liberal Education of Women," (1873,) "Compara-
tive Zoology," (1875,) etc.

Or'ton, (JOB,) an English nonconformist minister,
born at Shrewsbury in 1717. He preached at Shrews-
bury about twenty-four years, and removed to Kid-
derminster about 1766. He wrote "Memoirs of Dr.
Doddridge," " Sacramental Meditations," and other re-
ligious works. Died in 1783.

Orts, oRts, (CHARLES,) a Belgian politician, (Liberal,)
born at Brussels about 1815 ; died November 4, 1880.

Orus. See HORUS.

prville, d', doR'vel', (JACQUES PHILIPPE,) a distin-
guished critic and scholar, born at Amsterdam in 1696,
was descended from a French family. After having
visited England, Italy, and Paris, where he acquired the
friendship of Bentley, Muratori, Montfaucon, and other
eminent men, he became professor of humanities at
Amsterdam about 1730. He published a number of
valuable criticisms on the classics, and a " Dissertation
on the Inscriptions of Delos," which is particularly
esteemed. Died in 1751.

Orvilliers, d', doR've'ye-4', ( Louis GUILLOUET, )
COUNT, a French admiral, was born at Moulins in 1708.
He commanded a large fleet which fought an indecisive
battle against the English under Keppel, near Ushant,
in 1778. Died after 1791.

See SISMONDI, " Histoire des Francais."

Orzechowski, oR-zA-Kov'skee, [Lat. ORICHO'VIUS,!
(STANISLAUS,) a Polish orator and historian, born in



a, e, T, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fall, fat; mgt; not; good; moonj



OS



1863



OSIANDER



1513, studied theology under Luther at Wittenberg.
He wrote, besides other works, " Annals of Poland
from the Death of Sigismund," ("Annales Poloniae,"
etc., 1611.) Died in 1567.

Os, van, vfn oss, (JAN,) a Dutch artist, born at Mid-
delharnis in 1744, excelled as a fruit- and flower-painter.
He was regarded as the most successful imitator of Van
Huysum. Died in 1808. His son PIETER GERARDUS,
born at the Hague in 1776, painted landscapes with
animals of various kinds, which are esteemed master-
pieces. Died in 1839. GEORG JACOB JAN, younger
brother of Pieter, was born in 1782, and gained a high
reputation as a flower-painter. He visited France in
1812, where he painted for the porcelain -manufactory at ,
Sevres. In 1850 one of his flower-pieces sold at Am- !
sterdam for four thousand five hundred florins.

Osaibia, o-sl'be-a, or, more fully, Iba-Abl-Osaibia,
Ib'n a'bee o-si'be-a, written also Osaiba, an Arabian
physician, born in 1203. He practised at Sarchad, in
Syria, and wrote " Fontes Relationum de Classibus


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 196 of 425)