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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Medicorum," which contains biographical notices of
many ancient physicians, and is highly commended.
Died in 1269.

Osann, (FRIEDRICH GOTTHILF,) a German antiquary
and philologist, born at Weimar in 1794. In 1825 he
became professor of ancient literature at Giessen.
Among his most important works we may name his
"Contributions to the History of Greek and Roman
Literature," (2vols., 1835-39.) Died in 1858.

Osbeck, os'bSk, (PETER,) a Swedish naturalist and
traveller, born near Gottemburg in 1723. He published
a "Journal of a Voyage to the East Indies," (1757,)
which is a work of merit. Died in 1805.

Os'born, (HENRY FAIRFIELD,) an American sci-
entist, born in Connecticut in 1857, graduated at
Princeton in 1877. In 1881 he became curator of
vertebrate paleontology at the Museum of Natural
History in New York, and afterwards professor of
zoology at Columbia University. He published " From
the Greeks to Darwin" and other scientific works.

Os'bpru, (SHERARD,) CAPTAIN, a British naval officer
and writer, born about 1822. He wrote, besides other
works, " The Career, Last Voyage, and Fate of Sir John
Franklin." Died May 6, 1875.

Osborae, oz'burn, (FRANCIS,) an English writer, born
In Bedfordshire about 1589, was an adherent of Ciom-
well in the civil war. His " Advice to a Son," published
in 1659, was very popular at the time. He also wrote
several historical and biographical works. Died in 1659.

Osborae, (RALPH BERNAL,) an English Liberal mem-
ber of Parliament, noted for his wit. He entered the
House of Commons in 1841, and was returned for Middle-
sex in 1847, for Dover in 1857, for Liskeard in 1859, and
for Waterford in 1870. Died January 4, 1882.

Osborne. (Sir THOMAS.) See DANBY, EARL OF.

Os'bourne, (LLOYD,) an American author, born
at San Francisco in 1868. He was step-son of Robert
Louis Stevenson, and collaborated with him in writing
"The Wrong Box," (1889,) "The Wrecker," (1892,)
and "The Ebb Tide," (1894.)

Os'car or Os'kar I., King of Sweden, born in Paris in
1799, was the son of deneral Bernadotte, (Carl XIV. of
Sweden.) He married Josephine, a daughter of Eugene
de Beauharnais, in 1823, and acted as regent during
the illness of his father in 1828. He succeeded his father
In March, 1844. His reign was pacific. Died in 1859.

See G. H. MKLLIN, "Oscar I. Historia," 1844; "Fraser's Maga-
zine" for February, 1848.

Oscar U., King of Sweden and Norway, a son of Oscar
L, was born January 21. 1829. In 1872 he succeeded
his brother, Charles XV. His queen, Sophia Wil-
helmina Marianna Henrietta, is a daughter of William,
Duke of Nassau. The king has translated Goethe's
" Faust" into Swedish, and has written r. " Life of Charles
X-IL," and " Poems and Leaflets," (1880.)

Os-ce-o^ or As-se-ho'lar Nik-kan-o'chee, some-
times written Oceola, an Indian chief of the Semi-
roles, born in Florida in 1803. His wife having been
claimed as a slave, and carried off by order of a slave-
holder, in 1835, Osceola declared war against the whites,

and, after fighting two years with varying success, was
taken prisoner and confined in Fort Moultrie, where
he died in 1837.

See a " Narrative of the Early Days, etc. of Osceola Nikkanochee,"
by his guardian.

Osculati, os-koo-la'tee, (GAETANO,) an Italian natu-
ralist and traveller, born at Vedano, in Lombardy, in
1808. He visited many countries of Asia, Africa, and
South America, between 1830 and 1848. He published
a work called " Exploration of the Equatorial Region
near the Napo," (1854.)

Oaee, the French for HOSEA, which see.

Oserof, Oserov, or Oserow, o'se'r-of, (VLADISLAF
ALEXANDROVITCH,) a Russian dramatist, born in 177-
Among his best works are the tragedies of " Polixena,"
"Fingal," and "The Death of Olga." He also pub-
lished a collection of lyric poems. Died in 1816.

See GRKTCH, " Essai sur 1'Histoire ce la Litte'rature Russe."

Os'gpod, (DAVID,) D.D., an American Congrega-
tional divine, born at Andover, Massachusetts, in 1747,
settled as pastor at Medford, where he preached many
years. Died in 1822.

Osgood, (EMMA ALINE,) an American singer, born
in Boston about 1852. She married Dr. Osgood, a phy-
sician. Since 1875 she has principally lived in England,
where she acquired great fame as an oratorio-singer.

Osgood, (FRANCES SARGENT,) an American poetess,
born at Boston about 1812. At an early age she con-
tributed a number of poems to the " Juvenile Miscellany,"
edited by Mrs. L. M. Child, and subsequently wrote for
the " Ladies' Magazine." She was married in 1835 to
Mr. S. S. Osgood, a distinguished artist. While re-
siding with her husband in London, she published a col-
lection of poems entitled " A Wreath of Wild Flowers
from New England," which were favourably received.
After her return she edited the souvenirs entitled " The
Floral Offering" and " The Poetry of Flowers." Died
in 1850.

Osgood, (KATE PUTNAM,) an American poetess, born
at Fryeburg, Maine, in 1840. Among the poems she
has contributed to magazines is the well-known "Driving
Home the Cows."

Osgood, (SAMUEL,) born at Andover, Massachusetts,
in 1748, was elected to Congress in 1781. He was ap-
pointed first commissioner of the treasury, (1785,) post-
master-general, (1789,) and naval officer for the port of
New York, (1803.) Died in 1813.

Osgood, (SAMUEL,) D.D., an American critic and
divine, born at Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1812,
became pastor of ll e Church of the Messiah, (Unitarian,)
New York, in 1849. He published " Studies in Chris-
tian Biography," (1851,) "God with Men," (1854,) and
"Milestones in our Life-Journey," (1855.) He also
made translations from the German, and contributed to
the "North American Review," "Christian Examiner,"
and "Bibliotheca Sacra." In 1870 he left the Unitarians
and became an Episcopalian clergyman. Died April
14, 1880.

O'Shaughnessy, o-shaw'nes-se, (ARTHUR WILLIAM
EDGAR,) a British poet, born in London, March 14, 1846.
For a large part of his short life he was employed as a
naturalist in the British Museum. His wife, Eleanor, (a
sister of Philip B. Marston,) was known as a writer.
His principal works are "An Epic of Women," etc.,
(1870,) "Lays of France," (1872,) "Music and Moon-
light," (poems, 1874,) " Fayland," (prose, 1876,) " Crea-
tion," (1878,) "Songs of a Worker," (1881,) etc. Died
in London, January 30, 1881.

Osiander, o-ze-Jn'der, (ANDREAS,) originally Hose-
mann, a German theologian, and one of the first schol-
ars of his time, was born near Nuremberg in 1498. He
was a devoted adherent of Luther, and was present at the
Conference of Marburg in 1529, and at the Diet of Augs-
burg in 1530. He became subsequently professor of
theology in the University of Kbnigsberg. About 1549
he engaged in a controversy on the nature of repentance
and other points of doctrine with Martin Chemnitz and
Melanchthon. He died in 1552, leaving a number of
theological and controversial treatises.

See WILKEN, "Andreas Osianders Leben," 1844; M. ADAH.
"Viue Theologorum Germanorum."

eas/S; casj; %Aartt: gas/; G, H, K,^uftural: N, nasal; *, trilled; sasz; th as in Mir. (2=See Explanations, p. 23.)




Osiander, (ANDREAS,) a son of Lucas, noticed below,
was born in 1562. He was chancellor of the University
of Tubingen, and wrote several works/on theology. Died
in 1617.

Oaiander, JOHANN ADAM,) born at Tubingen in
1626, was professor of theology in that city. He wrote
a Commentary on the Pentateuch, (1676-78,) and on
other books of Scripture. Died in 1697.

Oaiander, (JOHANN ADAM,) a philologist, born at
Tubingen in 1701, was a grandson of the preceding.
Died in 1756.

Osiander, (LUCAS,) THE ELDER, a son of Andreas,
(1498-1552,) was born at Nuremberg in 1534. He was
appointed in 1567 court preacher to Duke Frederick of
Wiirtemberg, and published several polemical treatises.
Died in 1604.

Oaiander, (LUCAS,) THE YOUNGER, a son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Stuttgart about 1570. He became
chancellor of the University of Tubingen. His writings
are chiefly controversial. Died in 1638.

Osinski, o-sens'kee, (LEWIS,) a distinguished Polish
poet and littlrattur, born in 1775. He published in 1804
an excellent translation of Corneille's tragedies into
Polish. Among his poems, which are highly esteemed,
we may name the "Ode to Copernicus." Died in 1838.

Oslo, o'se-o, [Lat. O'sius,] (FELICE,) an Italian litti-
rattur, born at Milan in 1587, was professor of rhetoric
in the University of Padua in 1621. He published,
among other works, a "Eulogy of Illustrious Writers,"
and a number of "Orations." Died in 1631.

O-si'ris, [Gr. 'Oatpif,] the god of the Nile, and one
of the principal divinities of Egypt, was said to be the
husband of Isis and father of Horus. He was regarded
as the author of Egyptian civilization, and the first who
taught the arts and sciences to that nation. Tradition
adds that he visited and civilized India, Arabia, and
other countries, and after his return was murdered by
Typhon. He was worshipped under the form of the
bull Apis, into which it was supposed his soul migrated
when he was slain by Typhon. Osiris and Isis are to
be regarded as different manifestations of one divine
principle, the former representing the beneficent power
of nature in activity, the latter in passivity, so that
neither is complete without the other ; and hence Osiris,
according to some, represented the life-giving power of
the sun, and Isis the fertility of the earth.

See PLUTARCH, "Treatise on IBIS and Osiris;" GUIGNIAUT,
"Religions de 1'Antiquite 1 ." Paris, 1835, book iii. chap. ii. ; "Bio-
graphic UniverseUe," (Partie mythologique.)

Osirteaen I., called also Seeertesen and User-
tesen, an Egyptian king of the twelfth dynasty. He
conquered Ethiopia, repelled the negroes and Asiatics,
founded the great temple of Karnak, and, according to
some authors, seems to have been one of the Pharaohs
under whom Joseph was in power, his chief officer, Ameni,
somewhat resembling that patriarch ; but if Lenormant's
approximate date be correct, which assigns his dynasty
to the thirty-first century B.C., the identification cannot
be made good. Indeed, the later Egyptologists appear
to reject it very generally.

Osios. See Osio.

O'al-us, Bishop of C6rdova, born in Spain in 256
A.D., enjoyed the favour and confidence of Constantine
the Great, who, on his recommendation, convoked the
Council of Nice. He was afterwards induced by the
threats of the emperor Constantius to subscribe to the
Arian confession of faith, for which he subsequently
testified sincere repentance. Died about 358 A.D.

Oskar. See OSCAR.

Osman. See OTHMAN.

Osman. os-mln', L, written also Othman, Otman,
and Ottoman, the founder of the Ottoman empire, was
the son of Ortogrul or Ertogrul, a Toorkoman chief, who
founded a colony near the river Sangar, in Asia Minor.
Having, on the death of his father, (1280,) become chief
of the tribe, he first invaded Greece in 1299, and within
a few years possessed himself of a large portion of that
country and the whole of the province of Bithynia.
Osman never assumed the title of Sultan, though he had
money coined and public prayers given in his name.
As a ruler, he was distinguished for his wisdom, hu-

manity, and military talents. He died in 1326, leaving
valuable work containing maxims for government He
was succeeded by his son, Oorkhan, (Orkhan.)

See VON HAMMER, "Geschichte des Osraanischen Reichs."

Osman or Othman IX, Sultan of Turkey, born in
1604, was the eldest son of Ahmed I. He began to
reien in 1618, and was assassinated in 1622.

Osman or Othman UX, Sultan of Turkey, born in
1696, was a younger son of Mustafa II. He succeeded
his brother, Mahmood I., in 1754. Died in 1757.

Osman Digna, ("Osman the Bearded,") a lieu-
tenant of the Mahdi, was bom at Suakim about 1836.
He became a successful slave-dealer, and in 1881
entered the service of the Mahdi, conducting opera-
tions around Suakim, and fighting several battles \\ith
the English and Egyptians. In 1898 he took part in
the severe battle with General Kitchener, and was one
of the few who escaped, all the other emirs being
killed or captured.

Oaman (os-man') Pasha, (GHAZEE,) a Turkish sol-
dier, born at Tokat in 1832. He was educated at the
military school of Constantinople, and entered the army
in 1853. He was eminent for bravery in the Crimean
war, and in the Cretan war, (1866-69.) *" tne Servian and
Russian wars he was a field-marshal. With a splendid
army he defeated the Russians in three pitched battles,
rescued Plevna, (for the time being,) and was honoured
by the title of Ghazee, "the Victorious." But on De-
cember 10, 1877, he was compelled to surrender Plevna
without conditions. After the peace of 1878 he was
several times war-minister, and held other important
positions. Died April 3, 1900.

Oa'mun, (THOMAS EMBLEY,) an American author,
known as ALFRED AYRES, was born in Summit county,
Ohio. His principal books are "The Orthoepist,"
(iSSo,) "The Verbalist," (1881,) "The Mentor," (1884,)
and an edition of Cobbett's Grammar.

Oa'mund nr Os'mond, SAINT, a celebrated ecclesi-
astic, born in Normandy, accompanied William the Con-
queror to England in 1066, and was created successively
chancellor, and Bishop of Salisbury. In 1099 he rebuilt
the cathedral of Salisbury, which had been destroyed
by fire. He was the compiler of the liturgy called the
" Usages of Sarum." Died in 1099.

Osorio, o-so're-o, [Lat. OSO'RIUS,] (JERONYMO,) a
learned Portuguese ecclesiastic, born at Lisbon in 1506,
was Bishop of Silves. Among his works (written in
Latin) are a " History of the Achievements of King
Emanuel," and a " Letter to Elizabeth, Queen of Eng-
land," (1555,) on the Catholic religion. Died in 1580.

Osorius. See OSORIO.

Ossa. de, (IACQUES.) See JOHN XXII.

Ossat, d', do'si', [Lat. OSSA'TUS,! (ARNAUD,) an able
French diplomatist and cardinal, born near Auch in
1536. Having accompanied the ambassador Paul de
Foix to Rome as his secretary, (1574,) he assisted in
promoting a reconciliation between Henry IV. and the
pope. He published a collection of "Letters," which
are esteemed models of diplomatic sagacity, and are
highly commended by Lord Chesterfield. De Thou
dedicated to Cardinal d'Ossat his poem on the death
of Henry III. Died in 1604.

Osaelin, osliN', (CHARLES NICOLAS,) a French Ja-
cobin and lawyer, born in Paris in 1754. He became in
1792 a member of the Convention, in which he took a
prominent part in enacting laws against the emigrants.
He was guillotined in June, 1794.

Ossenbeeck, os'sen-bak', a skilful Dutch landscape-
painter and engraver, born at Rotterdam in 1627. He
worked many years in Italy, and adopted the Italian
style. Died in 1678.

See DBSCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc.

Osaian, osh'e-an, a semi-fabulous Scottish bard and
hero of the third century, was said to be the son of Fin-
gal, King of Morven. A pretended translation of his
poems, which was published by James Macpherson in
1765, gave rise to a spirited controversy among the
English literati concerning the genuineness of these
productions. (See MACJPHEKSON, and OISIN.)

Ossington, LORD. See DENISON, (JOHN E.)

i, e, i, 6, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, s^art; a, e, i, 9, obstiirt; far, fall, fit; met; n6t; pood; moon.




Ossoli, os'so-lee, (originally SARAH MARGARET FUL-
LER,) MARCHIONESS, an American lady, whose talents,
rare individuality of character, and untimely death have
given to her history a peculiar and tragic interest, was
born at Cambridgeport, in Massachusetts, May 23, 1810.
Under the care of her father, a lawyer and member of
Congress, she was early and thoroughly instructed in
the classics. It is related that he used to say of her,
while still a child, that she " knew more Latin and Greek
than half the professors." At a very early age she
bad also made great proficiency in French and Italian.
After the death of her father, in 1835, she became teacher
of languages in Boston, and subsequently principal of
a school at Providence, Rhode Island. In 1839 she
published a translation of Eckermann's "Conversations
with Goethe." She became in 1840 editor of "The
Dial," a periodical instituted for the advocacy and dif-
fusion of Transcendentalism in America, and for which
she wrote a number of admirable articles on literature
and art. Her critique on Goethe especially, in the
second volume of the "Dial," has been greatly and
deservedly praised. " Nowhere," says Mr. Emerson,
"did Goethe find a braver, more intelligent, or more
sympathetic reader." Her " Summer on the Lakes," a
vivid and truthful picture of prairie-life, was published
in 1843. Soon after, she took charge of the literary
department of the New York "Tribune." In 1846 she
visited England, where she made the acquaintance of
Carlyle and other eminent men. From London she
journeyed through France to Italy. At Rome she acci-
dentally became acquainted with the Marquis Ossoli, to
whom, though many years younger than herself, she
was married in December, 1847. She took the deepest
interest in the cause of Italian liberty, and during the
siege of Rome, in 1849, devoted herself with untiring
assiduity to the care of the sick and wounded. In May,
850, she and her husband set sail for America; but, a
violent storm having arisen when they were near the
coast of the United States, the vessel struck on Fire
Island beach, Long Island, in the morning of the igth
of July, and a few hours after went to pieces. Among
those who perished vere the Marquis and Marchioness
Ossoli and their child.

See "Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli," by R. W. EMERSON,
LIBONE, " Dictionary ot Authors ;" JULIA WARD HOWE, " Margaret
Fuller;" T. W. HIGGINSUN, " Margaret Fuller Ossoli."

Ossolinski, os-so-len'skee, (GEORGE,) abolish states-
man, born in 1595. He rose to be grand chancellor of
the kingdom of Poland, in which capacity he presided
over the religious conference at Thorn, where Vladislaus
IV. sought to unite the Catholics and Protestants. He
was also created by Ferdinand II. a prince of the Aus-
trian empire. Died in 1650.

Osaoliiiski, (JozEF MAXIMILIAN,) Count of Ten-
czyn, a Polish litttratfur, born in 1748. He removed to
Vienna in 1789, and was appointed by Francis I. super-
intendent of the Royal Library. He was the author of
historical and critical treatises, and of a number of tales,
and founded at Lemberg the Institute called by his
name. Died in 1826.

Ossonne. See OSSUNA.

Os'so-ry, (THOMAS BUTLER,) EARL OF, *. gallant
commander, born probably in Ireland in 1634, was a son
of the first Duke of Ormond. His biographer Lodge
calls him a "model of almost universal perfection."
Soon after the restoration of 1660 he obtained the rank
of lieutenant-general, and in 1666 he was created an
English peer, as Lord Butler. Having served with
distinction in several sea-fights against the Dutch, he
was raised to the rank of admiral about 1674. In
1677 he commanded the English troops that fought for
the Prince of Orange at the battle of Mons. Died in
1680. His son became Duke of Ormond.

See LODGE, " Portraits of Illustrious Personages."

Ossuna or Osuna, os-soon'ya, [Fr. OSSONNE or
OSSONE, o'son',] (Don PEDRO Tellez y Girou til-
yfth' e He-r6n',) DUKE OF, a celebrated Spanish states-
man, born at Valladolid in 1579. After completing his
suidies at Salamanca, he repaired to the court of Philip
II., from which, in consequence of indulging his caustic

wit, he was banished. Having spent some time in France
and Portugal, he returned to Spain on the death of Philip
II., but he again had the misfortune to be exiled from
the court. He was recalled to Spain in 1607, and was
created a member of the council and knight of the
golden fleece. Through his influence the independence
of Holland was acknowledged in the treaty of 1609, and
he opposed warmly, though unsuccessfully, the expulsion
of the Moors, which took place about this time. In
1611 he was sent as viceroy to Sicily, and in 1616 filled
the same office at Naples, where he defended the people
against the oppressions of the nobles and the clergy.
He gained a signal victory in 1617 over the Venetians,
who had claimed exclusive rule over the Adriatic Sea,
Having refused to introduce the Inquisition into Naples
when required to do so by Philip III., and being sus-
pected of aspiring to supreme power, Ossuna was super-
seded by Cardinal Borgia in 1620. He died in prison
in 1624, after three years' imprisonment in Spain.

See GREGORIO LETI, " Vita di P. Giron, Duca d'Ossunna," 3 vouv,
1698: " Biographic Universelle."

Ostade, van, vfn os'tS'deh, (ADRIAN,) a celebrated
painter and engraver, born at Haarlem in 1610, was a
pupil of Rembrandt and of Frans Hals. His subjects
were generally taken from low life, such as tavern scenes,
peasants drinking and smoking, and the interiors of cot-
tages. His pictures are exceedingly spirited and true to
nature, and are distinguished for splendour and trans-
parency of colouring. Among his best pieces are "The
Fish-Market," " A Smoker Lighting his Pipe," and
" The Family of Adrian van Ostade." He worked many
years at Amsterdam, where he died in 1685.

See WEYERMAN," De Schilderkonst der Nederlanders :" CHARLKJ
BLANC, " Histoire des Peintres:" DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintrd
Hollandais," etc.

Ostade, van, (ISAAC,) a painter, the youngest brother
of the preceding, was born at Haarlem in 1621. His
style resembled that of Adrian, whose pupil he was. He
worked at Amsterdam, and painted landscapes which
are greatly admired. He excelled in representing ani-
mals and in village scenes. His death occurred October
1 6, 1649.

See DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc. ;
"Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Osten-Sacken, os'ten-sak'ken, (DMITRI,) a Russian
general, born in 1790, served under Paskievitch in the
war against the Persians, (1826-29,) and afterwards fought
with distinction against the Poles in 1831. He defended
Odessa against the allies in May, 1854. Died in 1864.

Osten-Sacken, von der, fon d?r os'ten-slk'ken,
(FABIAN WILHELM,) PRINCE, a Russian field-marshal,
born in Livonia in 1752. He served under Suwarow
against the Turks and Poles, and took an active part in
the campaigns of 1812-15. In '818 he succeeded Bar-
clay de Tolly as commander-in-chief of the first army
and in 1826 was made a field-marshal. Died in 1837.

See BROCKHAUS, " Conversations-Lexikon. "

Osterhaus, os'ter-howss', (PETER J.,) a general, born
in Prussia, entered the service of the United States in
1861, commanded a division or brigade at the battle
of Pea Ridge, March, 1862, and became a brigadier-
general in June of that year. He took part in the assault
on Vicksburg, May 22, 1863, and commanded a corps of
Sherman's army in the march from Atlanta to Savannah,
November-December, 1864.

Osterley. See OESTERLEY.

Ostermann, os'ter-man', (HEINRICH JOHANN FRIED-
RICH,) a celebrated diplomatist, born in Westphalia in
1686, assumed the name of ANDREI IVANOVITCH. In
1704 he entered the service of Peter the Great of Russia,
for whom he negotiated the peace of Nystadt in 1721.
After filling various high offices under Peter, he was, on
the death of that monarch, patronized by the empresi
Catherine I., who made him vice-chancellor, and by her
will appointed him governor to her son Peter II. and a
member of the council of regency. In 173 he was
created a count by Peter II. After the accession of
Elizabeth (1741) he was exiled to Siberia, where he died
in 1747.

See HEMPEL, ' Leben und Fall des Grafen von Ostermann," 1741.

Ostermann-Tolstoi, os'ter-rr.ln' tol'stoi, (ALEX-

as k; c as s: g hard; g as/,' G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z: th as in this. ( J^="See Explanations, p. 23 )




UNDER IVANOVITCH,) COUNT, a Russian general, born
at Saint Petersburg about 1770. He served in the cam-
paigns of 1806 and 1812, and distinguished himself
particularly at the battle of Kulm, (1813.) He was
afterwards made general-in-chief of engineers by the
emperor Alexander. Died in 1837.

See THIEKS, " History of the Consulate and the Empire."

Oatervald, os'ter-valt', (JEAN FREDERIC,) a Swiss
Protestant divine, eminent for learning and piety, born
at Neufchatel in 1663. He published an "Abridgment
of the History of the Bible," an edition of the Bible in
French, which is called by his name, " Christian Ethics,"
and a "Catechism." He preached many years at Neuf-
chatel. Died in 1747.

OstTOg, Os'tROg, (CONSTANTINE,) DUKE OF, a Polish

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 197 of 425)