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born in Bavaria in 1711 ; died in 1760.

Heun, hoin, (KARL GOTTLOB SAMUEL,) a German
novelist, born in Lusatia in 1771. He wrote under the
pseudonym of H. CLAUREN. Died in 1854.

Heureauz, (ULYSSES,) President of San Domingo,
| was born in Porto Plata, on that island, in 1846. He
! engaged in the war against Spain, was elected presi-
' dent in 1882, and was three times re-elected. Two
! unsuccessful attempts were made to assassinate him,
but a third attempt, on July 26, 1899, was success-
ful.

Heures. See HORJE.
Heurn.van. See HEURNIUS.
Heurnius, hUR'ne-us, [in Dutch, VAN HEURN, vjn
huRn,] (JAN,) an eminent physician, born at Utrecht in
1543, was appointed in 1581 professor of medicine at
Leyden, and physician to Maurice of Nassau. He wrote
a good commentary on Hippocrates, (1609,) and othei
medical works. Died in 1601.

See ERSCH uod GRUBER, " Allgemeine Encyklopaedie,"
Heurteloup, /iURt'loo', (CHARLES Louis,) a French
surgeon, born in Paris in 1793, made improvements
; in lithotrity, which were generally adopted, and wrote
I several treatises on that subject Died in 1864.

Heurteloup, (NICOLAS,) an eminent French surgeon,
| father of the preceding, born at Tours in 1750. About



as k; 5 as s; | hard; g as/; G, H, is., guttural; N, nasal; R, tftilet; as t; th as in this.

Si



Explanations, p. 23.)



HE US



1282



HEY



1800 he was appointed nrst surgeon of the French armies,
and received the title of baron. Died in 1812.

Heus, hus or hos, or Heusch, van, vin hush, (WiL-
LEM,) a Dutch landscape-painter, born at Utrecht about
1630, was a pupil of John Both. His pictures of scenery
on the Rhine are commended. Died at Utrecht about
1700. His nephew and pupil, JACOB, born at Utrecht
in 1657, was a good landscape-painter. " His land-
scapes," says the " Nouvelle Biographic G^neVale," " are
full of nature, his touch easy, and his colour true." Died
in 1701.

See DHSCAMPS, " Viesdes Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc

Heusch, van, vin husK or hbsK, (ABRAHAM,) a Dutch
painter of plants, insects, etc., was born at Utrecht in
1650; died in 1712.

HeuBChling, husK'ling or hush'laN', (firiENNE,) a
Belgian philologist, born at Luxemburg in 1762, was
professor of Hebrew at Louvain. Died in 1847.

Heuschling, (PHILIPPE FRANCOIS XAVIER,) a Bel-
gian economist, a nephew of the preceding, born at
Luxemburg in 1802, published an "Essay on Universal
Ethnographic Statistics," (1847-49.) Died in 1883.

Heusde, hus'deh, [Lat. HEUS'WUS,] (PHILIPPUS
WILLEM,) an eminent Dutch writer, born at Rotterdam
in 1778, became professor of eloquence and history at
Utrecht, where he lectured with great success. He
published several works on philosophy, history, and
education, among which is "The Socratic School," ("De
Socratische School," 4 vols., 1834-39.) Died in 1839.

See KIST, " Memoria Heusdii," 1839; SrdcKpKLD, "Aodenken
an den grossen Professor P. W. van Heusde," 1840 ; ROVERS, " Me-
moria Heusdii," 1841; KOULKZ, "Notice biographique sur P. G.
van Heusde," 1841.

Heusdius. See HEUSDE.

Heuainger, hoi'zing'er. (JAKOB FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man philologist and scholar, born at Useborn in 1719,
was rector of the College of Wolfenbiittel. His edition
of Cicero's " De Officiis" (1783) is called a master-piece
in respect to criticism. Died in 1778.

Heuainger, (JoHANN MICHAEL,) an uncle of the pre-
ceding, was born near Gotha in 1690, and was an able
philologist He taught at Gotha and Eisenach, and
published editions of Julian's " Emperors" and jEsop's
"Fables," (1741.) Died in 1751.

See ERSCH und GBUBSR, " Allgemeine Encyklopaedie ;" F. A.
TOEPFBR, "Vita J. M. Heusingeri," 1751.

Heusinger, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a physician, born
near Eisenach in 1792, published, besides other works,
" Outlines of an Encyclopaedia and Methodology of Natu-
ral and Medical Sciences," (1844-53.) Died in 1883.

Heusser, hois'ser, (META,) a distinguished Swiss
writer of songs and religious lyrics, was born at Hirzel,
April 6, 1797. Her maiden name was SCHWEIZER. She
is well known to English readers by her " Alpine Lyrics,"
(1875, translated from the German by Jane Borthwick.)
Her songs are the fruit of a rare genius, and of deep and
earnest devotion.

Heuzet, /iuh'zj', QEAN,) a French classical scholar,
born at Saint-Quentin about 1660 ; died in 1728.
HeveL See HEVELIUS.

He-veTI-UB, [Ger. pron. hi-vale-us,] (Joannes 01
John Hevel ha'vel, written also Hovel and He-

welcke,) an eminent astronomer, born at Dantzic in

1611, was a pupil of Kruger. His parents were noble

and wealthy. After studying at Leyden and making the

tour of Europe, he devoted his uninterrupted attention

to astronomy for nearly fifty years. In 1641 he built an

observatory at his own residence, which he furnished with

telescopes and other instruments made by his own hands.

In 1647 he published " Selenographia," a description of

the moon, with plates, followed by letters on the " Libra-

tion of the Moon," and on Eclipses, (1654.) His treatise

on the phases of Saturn appeared in 1656, and his " Ob-
servations on the Transit of Mercury" in 1661. He wrote,

also, " Cometographia," a general description of comets,

(1668.) Hevelius was chosen a Fellow of the Royal

Society of London in 1664. He was repeatedly elected

consul and judge by his fellow-citizens, by whom he was

highly esteemed. In 1673 he published the first part

of his "Machina Coelestis," a description of his obser-
vatory, instruments, and modus opcrandi, the second

a, e, i, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, li, y, short; a, e, \, q, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; n&t; good; moon



part of which appeared in 1679. In the latter year a
fire consumed his observatory, library, and nearly all
the copies of the book just named. After his death his
widow published " Harbinger of Astronomy," (" Pro-
dromus Astronomis,") and " Firmamentum Sobieska-
num," dedicated to John Sobieski, King of Poland.
In skill, accuracy, and diligence in observation, he wag
an astronomer of a very high, if not of the first, order ;
but his prejudice against the use of fine instruments in
observing rendered many of his tables worthless. Died
January 28, 1687.

Hevin, (PRUDENT,) a French surgeon, born in Paris
in 1715. Having distinguished himself as royal professor
of therapeutics, he was employed by Louis XV. to attend
the dauphiness. Some years later he became first sur-
geon to the dauphin. In 1780 he published a "Course
of Pathology and Therapeutics." Died in 1789.

Hewelcke. See HEVELIUS.

Hewes, huz, (JOSEPH,) an American patriot, born in
New Jersey in 1730, settled at Edenton, North Carolina,
about 1760. In 1774 he represented a district of North
Carolina in Congress, and signed the Declaration of
Independence in 1776. Having been re-elected to Con-
gress, he died at his post, in Philadelphia, in 1779.

Hew'ett, (WATERMAN THOMAS,) an American phi-
lologist, born at Miami, Missouri, January 10, 1846. He
graduated at Amherst College in 1869, and studied at
Athens, (Greece,) Heidelberg, Leipsic, Jena, Leyden, elc.
In 1870 he was made an assistant professor in Cornell
University, and in 1883 he was appointed full professor
of Germanic languages. His writings include "The
Frisian Language and Literature" and " Homes of the
German Poets "

Hew'it, (AUGUSTINE FRANCIS,) D.D., an American
clergyman, born at Fairfield, Connecticut, November 27,
1820. His name was originally NATHANIEL AUGUSTUS
HEWIT. He graduated at Amherst College in 1839,
and studied Congregational theology at East Windsor
Seminary. He became an Episcopalian clergyman, but
in 1847 was ordained a Roman Catholic priest. He
joined the order of Paulist Fathers, and became a pro-
fessor in their seminary in New York. He published

Reasons for Submitting to the Holy See," " Problems
of the Age," "The King's Highway," "Light in Dark-
ness," " Life of F. D. Baker," etc. Died July 3, 1897.

Hew'itt, (MARY ELIZABETH,) originally Miss MOORE,
an American poetess, born in Maiden, Massachusetts.
In 1829 she removed to New York. Her principal works
are "Songs of Our Land, and other Poems," (1845.) and
'he " Heroines of History," (in prose, 1856.) She after-
wards married a Mr. Stebbins.

Hew'lett, (JOSEPH T.,) an English novelist, born
about 1800. He was educated at Oxford, and became a
clergyman. Among his writings are " Peter Priggins,"
"JEsop Illustrated," "The Parish Clerk," (1841.) "'
lege Life," (1842,) "Parsons and Widows," (1844,)
Died January 24, 1847.

Hew'lett, (MAURICE HENRY,) an English author,
born January 22, 1861. Among his works are "The
Masque of Dead Florentines," (1895,) "Songs and
Meditations," (1897,) and "The Forest Lovers,"
(1898,) a work of much merit, which was awarded an
Academy prize in 1899.

Hew'spn, (WILLIAM,) an English surgeon, born at
Hexham in 1739. In 1759 he attended the lectures of
John and William Hunter in London, with whom he was
afterwards associated as a lecturer on anatomy. In 1771
he was chosen a Fellow of the Royal Society, which
awarded him the Copley medal for his researches in the
lymphatic system of birds and fishes. In 1772 he pub-
lished " Experimental Inquiries into the Properties of
the Blood." He was an eminent anatomist, and made
valuable discoveries in the nature of blood. Died in 1774.

Hexham, (RICHARD OF.) See RICHARD OF HEXHAM.

Hey, ha, (JOHN,) a learned divine of the Anglican
Church, born in England in 1734. From 1780 to 1795
he was first Norrisian professor of divinity at Cambridge.
He wrote an " Essay on Redemption," (a prize poem,)
"Lectures on Divinity," and other esteemed works.
Died in 1815.



Col-
etc.



HEY



1283



HEY WOOD



Hey, (WILLIAM,) F.R.S.,an English surgeon of Leeds,
born in 1736; died in 1819.

See his Life, by JOHN PEARSON.

Heyden, van der, v3n der hi'den, or Heyde, hi'deh,
an eminent Dutch painter, born at Gorcum about 1637.
He exercised his talents with great success on architec-
tural subjects and landscapes. He excelled in chiaro-
scuro. His pictures of cities, temples, palaces, and ruins
are admired for their general effect, mellow tints, and
exquisite finish. The figures in some of his works are
painted by A. van der Velde. Died at Amsterdam in 1712.

See J. C. WHYERMAN, "De Schilderkonst der Nederlanders ;"
DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hotlandais," etc.

Heyden, von, fon hi'den, COUNT, born in 1772, en-
tered the Russian service, and became a rear-admiral in
1817. He commanded the Russian fleet at the battle of
Navarino, in 1827. Died in 1850.

Heyden, von, fon hi'den, (FRIEDRICH AUGUST,) a
German poet, born near Heilsberg, in East Prussia, in
1789. He was one of the governors of the prince-royal
of Rrussia, and in 1826 became royal councillor at Breslau.
Among his chief works are " Conradin," and other suc-
cessful dramas; "Reginald," a poem, (1831,) which is
admired ; and " The Shepherd of Ispahan," (" Der
Schafer von Ispahan," 1850,) an excellent romantic
poem. Died in 1851.

See T. MUNDT, " Das Leben Heydens," 1852.

Heydenreich, hi'den-rlK', (KARL HEINRICH,) an in-
genious philosophic writer, born at Stolpen, in Saxony,
in 1764, was a disciple of Kant. He became professor
of philosophy at Leipsic in 1789. He wrote verses on
" Solitude," and other short poems, of some merit, which
were published in 2 vols., 1792. Among his prose works
are "Letters on Atheism," (1796,) "Psychological De-
velopment of Superstition," (1797,) and "Philosophy
considered with Respect to the Sufferings of Humanity,
(2 vols., 1798.) Died in 1801.

See SCHELLB, " Characteristik C. H. Heydenreich *s," 1802,
WOHLFAHRT, " Die letzten Lebensjahre C. H. Heidenreich's," 1802 ;
EICHHORN, " Geschichte der Literatur," voL iv.

Heydt, von der, fon dR hit, (AUGUST,) a Prussian
statesman, born in Elberfeld in 1801. He was appointed
minister of commerce, industry, and public works in
December, 1848. Died at Berlin, June 13, 1874.

Heyking.von, fon hT'king,(HEiNRicH KARL,) BARON,
born in Koorland (Courland) in 1751, was appointed
a senator by Paul I. of Russia. Died in 1809.

Heylin, ha'lTn, ? (PETER,) an English writer, born al
Burford in 1600. In 1621 he wrote his "Microcosmos."
In 1629 he became chaplain to Charles I., and obtained
several benefices, from which in the civil war he was
ejected as a partisan of Laud and the High Church.
He wrote a " Life of Bishop Laud," a " Defence of the
Church of England," (1658,) besides theological and
other works more than fifty in number. He was an honest
man, but full of theological rancour. Died in 1662.

See GEORGE VERNON, "Life of P. Heylin," 1681 ; Da. BARNAUL
"Life of P. Heylin," 1682.

Heym. See HEIM.

Heyn, (PIETER.) See HEIN.

Heyne, hi'neh, [Lat HEY'NIUS,] (CHRISTIAN GOTT-
LOB,) an illustrious German scholar and critic, was born
at Chemnitz, in Saxony, in 1729. Owing to the poverty
of his family, he enjoyed few advantages of education ;
but, having by nature an irrepressible desire for know-
ledge, he improved to the utmost the opportunities which
he possessed, so that in 1763 he succeeded Gesner as
professor of eloquence at Gbttingen. He was soon
after made chief librarian of the university. His lectures,
illustrating the history and mythology of the ancients in
the most attractive manner, gained him a high reputa-
tion, which was increased by his numerous and excellent
writings. Among the most important of these are editions
of Tibullus, (1755,) Virgil, Epictetus, (1756,) Pindar, etc.,
with commentaries, and "Opuscula Academica," (6 vols.,
1785-1812.) Died at Gottingen in July, 1812.

" Nothing," says Sir William Hamilton, " has contrib-
uted so decisively to maintain and promote the study
of classical literature, as the combination which Heyne
has effected of philosophy with erudition, both in his
commentaries on the ancient authors and in those works



in which he has illustrated various points of antiquity."
("Encyclopaedia Britannica.")

See HEKREN, "C. G. Heyne, biographisch dargestellt," 1812;
I) AC IKK, "filoge de Heyne;" VAN ASSEN, " Hulde aan C. G.
Heyne," Amsterdam, 1816; BECKER, " Programma ad Memoriua
C. G. Heynii," 1812; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"nerale ;" "Edin-
burgh Review" for July, 1803.

Heyne, (CHRISTIAN LEBRECHT,) a German littira-
tear, whose pseudonym was ANTON WALL, was bora
near Meissen in 1751 ; died in 1821.

Heynius. See HEYNE, (CHRISTIAN GOTTLOB.)

Heyrick, ha'rlk, (ELIZABETH,) an English philan
chropist, born about 1770, was originally named COLT-
MAN. She became a member of the Society of Friends,
and was eminent for her active benevolence. She
published in 1824 a treatise entitled "Immediate, not
Gradual, Emancipation," which principle she was the
first to advocate. Died in 1831.

Heyae, hi'zeh, (JoHANN CHRISTIAN AUGUST,) a Ger-
man grammarian and writer, born at Nordhausen in
1764 ; died in 1829.

Heyse, (JoHANN LUDWIG PAUL,) an eminent German
poet, novelist, and dramatist, born at Berlin, March 15,
1830, a son of K. W. L. Heyse. He was educated at
Berlin and Bonn and in Italy. Among his many plays
are " Francesca von Rimini," (1850,) " Urika," (1852,)
"Meleager," (1854,) "The Sabine Women," (1859,) etc.
Among his best poems are "The Brothers," (1852,)
"Thekla," (1858,) and "Novellen in Versen," (1863.)
He published a " Buch der Freundschaft," (" Book of
Friendship," in prose, 1883-84,) which includes some of
his finest sketches. Of his tales " Die Kinder der Welt"
("The Children of the World," 1873) is one of the best.
He has also written on aesthetics, and on Spanish, French,
Provencal, Italian, and Romance literature.

Heyae, (KARL WILHELM LUDWIG,) an able German
philologist, born at Oldenburg in 1797, was a son of J.
C. A. Heyse. He was chosen professor at Berlin in 1829.
He published, besides other works, an excellent "Dic-
tionary of the German Language," (3 vols., 1833-49.)
Died in 1855.

Heyward, ha'ward, (THOMAS,) born at Saint Luke's,
South Carolina, in 1746, studied in London, returned
home and became a lawyer. In 1775 he was elected
a member of Congress, and next year signed the Declara-
tion of Independence. In 1 778 he was appointed a judge.
He was taken prisoner at Charleston by the British in
1780. He retired from the bench in 1798. Died in 1809.

See GOODRICH, " Lives of the Signers to the Declaration of Inde-
pendence."

Heywood, ha'wood, (ELIZA,) an English novelist,
born in London about 1695. I^ er maiden name was
FOWLER. She resorted to authorship to gain a sub-
sistence for herself and her children, and wrote several
novels, which procured her a place in Pope's "Dun-
ciad." She offended less against decorum in her subse-
quent works, viz., "The Female Spectator," " Husband
and Wife," etc. Died in 1756.

Heywood, (JASPER,) an English poet and Jesuit,
bom in London in 1535, wrote "The Paradise of Dainty
Devices," (1573.) Died in 1598.

Heywood, (JoHN,) one of the earliest English drama-
tists, lived in the reign of Henry VIII., at whose court
he was received with favour as a jester. He was intimate
with Sir Thomas More. He wrote numerous epigram*
and indifferent plays or interludes. Died about 1565.

See CAMPBELL, " Specimens of the British Poets."

Heywood, (OLIVER,) an English nonconformist di-
vine, born in Lancashire in 1629. His works, in 5 vols.,
were published in 1827. Died in 1702.

See his Life, by FAWCKTT, 1708, and by JOSEPH HUNTER, 1841.

Heywood, (THOMAS,) an English actor and dramatic
author, who lived in the reigns of Elizabeth, James I.,
and Charles I. He produced numerous dramas, in verse
and prose, which were once popular and are still ad-
mired. " Heywood," says Charles Lamb, " is a sort of
prose Shakspeare. His scenes are to the full as natural
and affecting." Among his best dramas are " The Eng-
lish Traveller," " A Woman Killed with Kindness," and
" A Challenge for Beauty." The second of these is com-
mended by Hallam. He also wrote a " General History



cas/S; 9 as*; ghard; gas/'; G, K,TH, guttural; a, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; thasin//iu. iJ^="See Explanations, p. 33.)



HEZEKIAH



1284



HIEL



of Women," etc.
not known.



The dates of his birth and death are



See his Life, by J. P. COLLIER, 1850; "Retrospective Review,"
irol. xi., 1825.

Hez-e-ki'ah, [Heb. irrpm or rrpm ; Fr. EZECHIAS,
i'za'ke'as',] King of Judah, a son of Ahaz, was born about



rerely censured and denounced by many of those who
were anxious to maintain unchanged the doctrines of the
early Quakers. The result was a schism in the Society
The elders of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting had taken
a leading part in the opposition to Elias Hicks ; and it
was in that Yearly Meeting (in April, 1827) that the first



750 B.C., and began to reign in 726. He took prompt I separation took place, which was followed, in 1828, by




Hib'bard.



div

Rochelle, New York, in 1811.
works on theology.
Hi9'e-tas [Gr. 'Ixeraf or



had burnt incense." He rebelled against the King of Philadelphia and Ohio Yearly Meetings the two sections

Assyria, to whom his father had paid tribute. In the ! were nearly equal ; but those called " Hicksites" were

fourteenth year of his reign, Sennacherib, King of As- greatly in the majority in the Yearly Meetings of New

syria, invaded Judah and besieged the capital. In this York and Baltimore, while in Indiana the "Orthodox"

crisis the divine favour was invoked by the king and were numerically much superior to the other party.

Isaiah, the latter of whom prophesied the safety of Zion It is proper to observe that among those who most

and the defeat of her proud invader. (Isaiah, chap, admired the bold and stirring eloquence of Hicks there

xxxvii.) The angel of the Lord smote the Assyrians, so were probably but few, comparatively speaking, who

that 185,000 died in one night. Hezekiah died after a fully endorsed his extreme views ; yet, regarding him as

reign of twenty-nine years. -he representative of liberal and progressive ideas, they

HezeL See IIFT7FI warmly espoused his cause. On the other hand, many

Hiaerne See HI^RNE. made common cause with what they considered the

persecuted party, and contributed greatly to swell the
number of his adherents. It may be proper to add that
the anti-orthodox division of the Society do not acknow-
ledge the name of " Hicksites." They claim, on the
contrary, to be the followers of no man ; and although
they accept the doctrine of the inward light, and many
other of the views of the early Friends, it is not be-
cause of the authority of Fox, Penn, or Barclay, but
simply because those views commend themselves to
that divinely given or intuitive perception of right
which, as they maintain, has been bestowed in a
measure upon every human being. Elias Hicks died
February 27, 1830, having maintained through life an
exemplary moral character.

Hicks, (FRANCIS,) a Greek scholar, born in
Worcestershire, England, in 1566. Died in 1630.
His translation of Lucian was published in 1634.

Hicks, (HENRY,) a British geologist, born at
Carmarthen in 1837. He studied medicine, and be-



He published several



OF SYRACUSE, an



ancient Pythagorean philosopher, is noticed by Diogenes
Laertius and Cicero. The latter informs us that he taught
that the earth revolves on its axis, and that the heavenly
bodies were stationary.

Hickes, hiks, (GEORGE,) D.D., an eminent English
divine and philologist, born at Newsham in 1642. He
took orders in 1666, and became Dean of Worcester in
1683. For refusing to take the oath to William III. he
was deprived of his deanery in 1689, and in 1694 was
consecrated Bishop of Thetford by the nonjuring San-
croft. He was a profound scholar, and author of many
polemical and other works, among which the following
are now most prized, viz., "Treasure of Ancient North-
ern languages," and " Institutes of Anglo-Saxon and



Mocso-Gothic Grammar," (1689.) Died in 1715. I came active in geological research. He made extensive

' LIAM ' ) a " l . < ? e . rg ??o a - n a ,". d explorations of Silurian and Cambrian strata, and



rural economist, born in the county of Cork in 1787. He
published, under the assumed name of MARTIN DOYLE,
a valuable work called " Hints to Small Fanners," and
other works on farming. Died in 1875.
Hick'man, (HENRY,) an English nonconformist di-



of glacial bone caves, and announced important dis-
coveries. Among these was a rich fauna in the Monte
Slates, which were supposed to be unfossiliferous.
Died in 1899.



* - *v-ik. JJ-au, l l ic-.i l\ I . l dii i^uuiiall IIUI1UU1L1UI III M UI- , , - ' _ _ x T L_

vine, born in Worcestershire ; died at Leyden in 1692. . Hlcks ' O HN BRAXTON,) a British anatomist,
Hick'ok, (LAURENS PERSEUS,) D.D.; an American born at R y e ' Sussex ' m :82 3- He made numerous
divine and metaphysician, born in Danbury, Connecticut, important anatomical researches, and published valu-
in 1798. He graduated in 1820 at Union College, in able papers on his discoveries in the anatomy and
which he accepted (1852) the professorship of mental physiology of animals and plants,
and moral science. His principal works are " Rational Hicks, (THOMAS,) an American painter, born at
Psychology," (1848,) "Empirical Psychology," (1854,) Newtown, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, in 1823. He
and "Rational Cosmology," (1858.) Died in 1888. [went to Europe in 1845, and passed several years at




public as a minister of the gospel in 1775. He was ' Hicks or Hickes, (WILLIAM,) was an English
early convinced of the iniquity of slavery, and felt it to c;l p ta i n ; n the time of Charles I., and author of the
be his duty to abstain, as far as practicable, from all partici- first T es t-Book in the English language, published at
pation in the products of slave labour, a duty which he Oxford (1660 )

appears to have scrupulously observed throughout the 'Hicks-Beach, (Sir MICHAEL EDWARD,) a British

statesman, was born at London in 1837, and educated
at Eton and Oxford. He succeeded his father as



member; but early in the present century he began to c ,

promulgate religious views widely different from those | baronet m :8 54- and , ent r ere , d Parliament in ' 86 4-

held by a large majority of the Quakers. He advocated was chief-secretary for Ireland 1874-78 and 1886-8

the most radical Unitarian doctrines, and asserted that i colonlal secretary 1878-80, and became chancellor oi

Christ came as a Saviour to the Israelites only, his spe- 'he exchequer 1885-86, and again in 1895.

rial mission being limited to that nation. He even went i Hidalgo, ( JOSE GARCIA.) See GARZIA.

so far as to express the opinion that the Scriptures had ' Hiel, heel, (EMANUEL,) a Belgian lyric poet, born at


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 2 of 425)