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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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He was

; 9 as s g hard; g as/; G, H, K guttural: N, nasal; R. trilled; s as 2; th as in this. (fl^=See Explanations, p. 23.)




Views of Society," (1825,) "Hints on Public Architec-
ture," (1849,) " Footfalls on the Boundaries of another
Woild," (1859,) " The Wrong of Slavery, the Right of
Emancipation," etc., (1864,) "Beyond the Breakers,"
(1870,) "The Debatable Land between this World and
the Next," (1871,) and "Threading my Way, or Twenty-
Seven Years of Autobiography." Died June 24, 1877.
Owen, (THOMAS,) an English judge, born in Shrop-
shire, gained a high reputation as judge of the common
pleas. Died in 1598.

Owen, (WILLIAM,) an able English painter of por-
traits and history, born in Shropshire in 1769. He was
patronized by the prince-regent, afterwards George IV.
Died in 1824.

Owen Glendower. See GLENDOWER.
Owen Meredith. See BULWER.
Owenson. See MORGAN, LADY.
Owtram, (WILLIAM.) See OUTRAM.
Ox'en-den, (AsHTON,) D.D., a Canadian bishop,
born at Broome Park, Kent, England, in 1808. He grad-
uated at University College, Oxford, in 1831, and took
priest's orders in the English Church in 1834. In 1869
he was consecrated Bishop of Montreal, and became
Metropolitan of the Anglican Church in Canada. In
1878 he resigned his position and returned to England.
He published many religious books. Died in 1892.

Ox'en-ford, (JOHN,) an English dramatist and trans-
lator, born near London in 1812. Among his original
dramas are "My Fellow-Clerk," (1835,) and "A Day
Well Spent," (1836.) Hetranslated MoliereVTartuffe,"
and the " Conversations of Goethe," by Eckermann, and
other works, from the German. Died Feb. 21, 1877.

Ozenham, ox'en-am, (JOHN,) an English seaman,
served under Sir Francis Drake in 1572. He soon after
sailed with one ship for the eastern shore of Darien,
and crossed over to Panama and the Pearl Islands, where
he was taken and put to death by the Spaniards.

See J. BARROW, "Memoirs of the Naval Worthies of Queen
Elizabeth's Reign," 1845.

Oxenstiern, oks'en-stern', or Oxenstierna, oks'en-
sheVna, (AXEL,) COUNT, chancellor of Sweden, and one
of the greatest statesmen of the seventeenth century or
of modern times, was born at Fano, in Upland, June
16, 1583. He was educated at Jena and Wittenberg.
At the age of twenty-six he was chosen a senator, after
having been employed in important negotiations. In
1611 Gustavus Adolphus appointed him chancellor of
Sweden, or prime minister. The prudence, zeal, and
profound combinations of Oxenstiern contributed greatly
to the success of the Swedish hero. After Gustavus
was killed, in 1632, the chancellor was invested with full
power by the senate, and prosecuted the war against
the Emperor of Germany. He was recognized as the
head of the Protestant league, which gained several vic-
tories under his direction. During the minority of Queen
Christina he governed Sweden with ability, restored the
finances to good order, and patronized learning. He
was prime minister after Christina began to reign, (1645,)
and strenuously opposed her abdication. He died in
August, 1654. Oxenstiern was the author of the often-
quoted observation, addressed to his son, " You do not
know, my son, with how little wisdom the world is
governed," (" Nescis, mi fili, quantilla prudentii homi-
nes regantur.") He was the reputed author of the
second volume of " Historia Belli Sueco-Germanici,"
(" History of the Swedish-German War,") of which
Chemnitz wrote the first volume. He was considered
an equal match for Richelieu in diplomacy. He had
two sons, John and Erik, who obtained high offices in
the public service.

See J. F. LUNDBLAD, " Svensk Plutarch," ad vol., 1826-31 ;
JOMAN GEZELIUS, " Aminnelse-Tal Bfver A. Oxenstiema," 1774;
C. P. HAGBERG, " Areminne ofver A. Oxenstiema," 1808 : PL-FFKN-
DORP, "De Rebus Suecicis ;" GKIJKR, "Histoire de la Suede;"
" Nouvelle Biographic pe'ne'rale ;" RICHKLIBU, " Me'moires;" E.
GYLLHNSTOLPE, " Areminne ofver A. Oxenstierna," 1777.

Oxenstiern, (BENEDICT,) an able Swedish statesman,
of the same family as the preceding, was born in 1623.
He was appointed governor of Warsaw by Charles X.,
after whose death (1660) he returned to Sweden and
had great influence in the government. About 1672 he
obtained the confidence of Charles XI., who appointed

him chancellor and chief minister. The pacific system
of Oxenstiern was disturbed by the death of Charles XI.,
in 1697. After Charles XII. had defeated the Danes
and conquered Poland, Oxenstiern advised him to make
peace, in a memoir which is called a master-piece of
wisdom. Died in 1702.

See SCHLOZKR, " Schwedische Biographic."

Oxenstiern, (ERIK,) a son of the celebrated states-
man, was born in 1624. He became a senator in 1652,
and vice-chancellor in 1654, soon after which he con-
ducted negotiations witn the Elector of Brandenburg.
Died in 1656.

Oxenstiern, (JoHAN,) a brother of the preceding,
was born at Stockholm in 1611. He entered the army,
and obtained the rank of colonel. About 1639 he was
raised to the dignity of senator. He was employed for
several years as minister-plenipotentiary in Germany,
and represented Sweden in the negotiations which re-
sulted in the peace of Westphalia, (1648.) Died at
\\Vimar in l6?7.

Oxenstierna. See OXENSTIERN.

Oxenatierna, oks'en-sheVnl, (GABRIEL THURESON,)
a Swedish diplomatist, born at Stockholm in 1641. He
wrote, in French, a " Collection of Thoughts," (" Recueil
de Pensees," 1725.) Died in 1707.

Oxford, EARL OF. See DE VERB, (EDWARD,) and

Oxlee, (JOHN,) a learned English divine, born Sep-
tember 25, 1779. He was a clergyman of the Established
Church, specially distinguished as an Orientalist, and as
the autlior of " The Christian Doctrine of the Trinity
and Incarnation," (1815 ; 3d vol., 1850,) a work of vast
scholarship. Died January 30, 1854.

Ox-jr-ar'tes or Ox-ar'teS, [Gr. 'Ofroprw,] a Bactrian
chief, whose daughter Roxana was married to Alexander
the Great. This king appointed him satrap of Paropa-
misus. Died after 316 B.C.

Ozanam, o'zi'noN', (ANTOINE FREDiRic,) a French
scholar and elegant writer, born at Milan in 1813. He
became a good classical scholar, and studied law. In
1844 he succeeded Fauriel as professor of foreign litera-
ture at the Sorbonne, Paris. He attained eminence as
a lecturer, and published, besides other works. " Dante
and the Catholic Philosophy in the Thirteenth Century,"
(1839,) and "Etudes Germaniques pour servir 1'His-
toire des Francs," (2 vols., 1847-49.) Died in Septem-
ber, 1853.

See LACORDAIRE, "Notice sur A. F. Ozanam," prefixed to bit
collected works, 8 vols., 1855; LEGEAY, "Etude biographtque lur
Ozanam," 1854: J. J. AMPERE, "Notice biographique sur A. F.
Ozanam," 1853: COLLOMBBT, " Biographic de F. Ozanam," 1853.

Ozanam, (J. A. F.,) a French physician, born in
Bresse in 1772, was the father of the preceding. He
published a " History of Epidemic Diseases," (5 vols.,
1817-23.) Died at Lyons in 1836.

Ozanam, (JACQUES,) a distinguished French mathe
matician, born at Bouligneux in 1640. Among his nu-
merous and useful treatises are "Mathematical Diction-
ary," (1691,) "Mathematical and Physical Recreations,"
(1694,) and "Theoretical and Practical Perspective,"
(1711.) He taught mathematics in Paris, where he died
in 1717.

Ozaneanx. o'zfno', (JEAN GEORGE,) a French writer
of prose and verse, was born in Paris in 1795' He wrote
a "History of France," (2 vols., 1846.) which gained a
prize of the French Academy, and " Erreurs poetiques,"
(3 vols., 1849.) Died in 1852.

Ozanne, o'ztn', (NICOLAS MARIE,) a French designer
and engraver, born at Brest in 1728 ; died in Paris in

O-zell', (JOHN,) an English littfrateur, of French ex-
traction, was contemporary with Pope, who has given
him a place in the " Dunciad." He made translations
from Racine, Moliere, and Boileau, and from several
Italian and Spanish writers. Died in 1743.

See CIBBRR, " Lives of the Poets."

sko, sometimes written Ozeretzkofisky, (NICHOLAS,)
a Russian scientific writer, born about 1750. He wrote
several treatises on zoology, botany, mineralogy, etc.
Hied about 1827.

a,e,1, 6,u, y, /0jf/a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, fi, y, short; a, e, i, f>,obscure; far, fill, fat; met; not; good; moop,





Paalzow, von, fon pSlr/so, (AuousTE,) a German
lady, born at Berlin in 1788, was a sister of the painter
Wach. She was the author of a popular romance,
entitled "Godwie Castle," (1836,) and other fictitious
works. Died in 1847.

Paas. See PASS.

Paaw, (CoRNELis.) See PAUW.

Paaw, pl'oo or pow, (PIETER,) a Dutch physician and
naturalist, born at Amsterdam in 1564, was professor of
medicine at Leyden, where he also founded the botanic
garden. He published several valuable treatises on
botany and anatomy. Died in 1617.

Pabodie, pab'o-de, (WILLIAM JEWETT,) an American
poet, born at Providence, Rhode Island, about 1812.
He has published " Calidore, a Legendary Poem," and
a number of smaller pieces. Died in 1870.

Pabst, plpst, (HEINR1CH WILHELM,) a German
agriculturist, born near Lauterbach, in Hesse, in 1798.
He published, besides other works, a " Treatise on Rural
Economy," (5th edition, 1860.) Died in 1868.

Pabst, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) a German philosopher,
born at Lindau, in Thuringia, in 1785. Among his
works is "Man and his History," (1830.) Died in 1837.

Fa'ca, (WILLIAM,) one of the signers of the Ameri-
can Declaration of Independence, was born in Harford
county, Maryland, in 1740. He was elected to the Con-
gress of 1774, and continued in this office till 1 778- He
became Governor of Maryland in 1782, and in 1789 was
appointed judge of the district court of the United States
for Maryland. Died in 1799.

See GOODRICH, " Lives of the Signers to the Declaration of Inde-

Pacatianus, pa-ka-she-a'nus, [Fr. PACATIEN, pfr-
emperor, whose existence is indicated only by medals.
It is supposed that he assumed the title in 249 A.D.

Pacatien. See PACATIANUS.

Pacatus. See DREPANIUS.

Pacca, pak'ka, (BARTOLOMMEO,) an Italian cardinal,
born at Benevento in 1756. He became papal secretary
of state (i.e. prime minister) in 1808, and was imprisoned
about three years by Napoleon, (1809-12.) Died in 1844.
He wrote " Historical Memoirs," which have been pub-
lished, (London, 1850.)

See ARTAUD DB MONTOR, " Notice sur le Cardinal B. Pacca,"

Paccard, pI'kSR', (ALEXIS,) a French architect, born
in Paris in 1813. He gained the grand prize Ln 1841.
Died in 1867.

Pacchia, del, del pak-kee'J, (GIROLAMO,) an able
painter of Hungarian parentage, born probably at Sienna,
Italy, in 1477. His excellent frescos and oil-paintings
were long ascribed to Pacchiarotto. Pacchia left Sienna
in 1535, and no later events regarding him are known to
be on record.

Pacchiarotto, pak-ke-a-rot'to, (JACOPO,) an Italian
painter, born at Sienna in 1474. To escape the penalty
of a political conspiracy he left Sienna in 1539. He was
an inferior artist, but had once a high fame, being credited
with Pacchia's excellent work. Died about 1540.

Pacchierotti, pak'ke-i-rot'tee, (GASPARO,) an Ital-
ian vocalist, one of the most famous sopranos of the
eighteenth century, was born in 1744, at Fabriano, near
Ancona. After winning a great reputation in his native
country, he visited London and Paris, and was received
with enthusiasm. Died at Padua in 1821.

Pacchioni, pak-ke-o'nee, (ANTONIO,) an able Italian
anatomist, born at Reggio in 1665. He removed to
Rome about 1700, and was associated in the scientific
labours of Lancisi. Died at Rome in 1726. His writings
were published under the title of " Opera Omnia," (1741.)
Paccioli, pit-cho'lee, or Facioli, pa-cho'lee, (LuCA,)
an Italian mathematician and monk, born at Borgo San
Sepolcro about 1450, was often called LUCA Di BORGO
or DE BURGO. He taught at Perugia, Rome, Naples,

Pisa, and Venice. His chief work is " Summa de Arith-
metica, Geometria, Proportion!, " etc, (1494,) the first

:rinted book in which the method of keeping accounts
y double entry was explained. He also wrote a work
" On Divine Proportion," (" De Divina Proportione,"
1509,) the plates of which were engraved by his friend
Leonardo da Vinci. He was living in 1509.

See TIRABOSCHI. " Storia della Letteratura Italiana."

Pace, [Lat. PA'CEUS,] (RICHARD,) an English nego-
tiator and priest, born in or near Winchester about 1482.
He was employed in important missions by Henry VIII.,
and sent to Rome about 1521 by Wolsey to urge his
claims to the papacy. He was a friend of Erasmus, who
addressed several letters to him. Pace obtained the
deanery of Saint Paul's, London, about 1520, and other
benefices. He incurred the ill will of Wolsey, by whom
he was confined in the Tower for two years, and became
insane. Died in 1532.

Facetti, pa-chet'tee, (CAMILLO,) an Italian sculptor,
born in Rome about 1760, became professor of sculpture
in Milan. Died in 1827.

Paceus. See PACE, (RICHARD.)

Facile, pSsh, QEAN NICOLAS,) a French revolutionist,
born in Paris in 1746. He was controller of the king's
household under the ministry of Necker. In October,
1792, he was appointed minister of war by the influence
of the Girondists, who removed him in February, 1793,
because he had joined the Jacobin party. He was
elected mayor of Paris in the spring of 1793, and took
a prominent part in the ruin of the Girondists. Died
in 1823.

Pacheco, pa-cha'ko, (FRANCISCO,) an eminent Span-
ish painter and writer, born at Seville in 1571, was a
pupil of Luis Fernandez. He opened an academy in
Seville in 1611, and was appointed painter to King
Philip IV. after 1625. He designed well, and is com-
mended for simplicity, but he was not a good colorist.
Among his chief works are "The Last Judgment,"
" Daedalus and Icarus," and " The Archangel Michael
expelling Satan from Paradise." He wrote a treatise on
the art of painting, entitled " Arte de la Pintura," (1649,)
which is highly esteemed. Among his pupils were
Alonzo Cano and Velasquez. Died in 1654.

See TICKNOR, "History of Spanish Literature:" CBAN-BE-
WUDEZ, " Diccionario Historico."

Pacheco, (MARIA.) See PADILLA.

Fa'-ehes, [Gr. Ilatw,] an Athenian general, com-
manded the army which took Mitylene in 427 B.C.

Fa-eho'ml-us, [Gr. ria^iyuoc ; Fr. PACOME, pi'kom',]
an Egyptian ascetic of the fourth century, was born in
the Thebaid. He is reputed the founder of regular
monastic communities, or the first who prescribed fixed
rules of life to the monks and nuns. He founded a
monastery at Tabenna, on the Nile, and became so noted
for his piety that many others were built in the vicinity
by his disciples. Died about 348 A.D.

Fachymere. See PACHYMERES.

Fa-ehym'e-rea, [Gr. Teupy<f * Haxu/uciK ; Fr.
PACHYMERE, pS'she'maiR',] one of the most eminent
of the later Byzantine historians, was born at Nicsea
about 1242. He lived in Constantinople, and was chief
justice of the imperial court. He wrote, besides other
important works, a " Historia Byzantina," which com-
prises the reigns of Michael Palaeologus and his son
Andronicus. It is written with dignity, and is highly
prized for its fidelity. He died probably after 1310.

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Graxa."

Pacian, pa'she-an, [Sp. pron. pJ-Me-Sn'; Lat. PA-
CIANUS, pa-she-a'nus ; Fr. PACIEN, pt'sg-^N',] a Spanish
saint and writer, who flourished about 375 A.D., and wa
Bishop of Barcelona.

Pacianus. See PACIAN.

Faciaudi, pa-chow'dee, (PAOLO MARIA,) a learned
Italian antiquary, born at Turin in 1710, entered the
order of Theatines. He published, besides other works.

*"&" *&"! ' UIUCI \Jl & UCAbliJCSi AAC pULJ1131ICJ( l^C31Ut3 Vtltwi n \r ixj,

eas*;casj; g hard; g as/; G, H, K.giittural; N, nasal; 9.,trilled: sas z; %h as in this. (J[^ = See Explanations, p. 2V





a " History of the Grand Masters of the Order of Malta,"
(3 vols., 1760, unfinished,) and " Peloponnesian Monu-
ments," ("Monumenta Peloponnesiaca," 1761.) He
became librarian to the Duke of Parma about 1762.
Died in 1785.

See FABRONI, "Vitas Italorum doctrina excellentium ;" " Nou-
Tllle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" DACIER, "filoge de Paciaudi."

Pacichelli, pa-che-kel'lee, (GIAMBATTISTA,) an Ital-
ian writer, bom at Pistoia about 1640. He wrote "The
Kingdom of Naples," (" II Regno di Napoli," 3 vols.,
1703.) Died in 1702.

Facien. See PACIAN.

Pacifico. See PACIFICUS.

Pa-gifl-cus Maxl-mus, [It PACIFICO MASSIMO
pS-chee'fe-ko mas'se-mo,] a Latin poet, born at Ascoli
in 1400. He wrote many poems, which were published
in 1489, under the title of "Jocose and Festive Elegies,"
("Elegiae Jocosae et Festivae.") Died about 1500.

Pacini, pa-chee'nee, ( GIOVANNI, ) a popular com-
poser, born at Syracuse, Sicily, February 19, 1796. He
composed with a marvellous facility many operas, among
which are "Adelaide e Comingio," (1818,) and " Niobe,"
(1826.) Died December 6, 1867.

Pacio, pa'cho, sometimes written Pace, [Lat, PA'-
Cius A BER'IGA,] (GiULlo,) an eminent Italian jurist
and classical scholar, born at Vicenza in 1550. Having
been converted to the Protestant religion, he went into
exile, and was professor of philosophy at Heidelberg
and Sedan. About 1616 he obtained i chair of law
at Valence, in France. He wrote " On the Method of
Law," ("De Juris Methodo," 1597,) "On Contracts,"
("De Contractibus,") and other works. Died at Va-
lence in 1635.

See BERRJAT SAINT-PRIX, "Notice sur la Vie de J. Pacius,"
1840; EHSCH und GRUBBR, "Allgeraeine Encyklopaedie . "

Pacioli See PACCIOLI.
Pacius a Beriga. See PACIO.

Pack, (RICHARDSON,) an English writer, born in bui-
folk about 1680. He rose to the rank of major in the
army. He published a volume of poems, (1718,) a "Life
of Pomponius Atticus," and other works. Died in 1728.
Pack'ard, (ALPHEUS SPRING,) D.D., an American
educator, born at Chelmsford, Massachusetts, December
2 3. '798. He graduated at Bowdoin College in 1816,
was a tutor there, 1819-24, professor of Latin and Greek,
1824-65, and in 1865 was appointed professor of natural
and revealed religion in the same college. His principal
works are editions of Xenophon's " Memorabilia," (1839-
1841,) and a Life of Rev. Dr. Jesse Appleton. Died at
Squirrel Island, Maine, July 13, 1884.

Packard, (ALPHEUS SPRING,) JR., a son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Brunswick, Maine, February 19,
1839. He graduated in 1861 at Bowdoin College, and
served as an assistant surgeon in the army in 1864-65,
was afterwards lecturer on natural history in various
schools, and director of the museum of the Peabody
Academy of Sciences, Salem. In 1878 he became pro-
fessor of zoology and geology in Brown University. For
five years he was a member of the United States Ento-
mological Commission ; and he has been attached to
various State and United States geological and other
surveys. Among his works are a " Guide to the Study
ef Insects," (1867,) "Our Common Insects," (1872,)
"Outlines of Comparative Embryology," (1876,) " Halt-
Hours with Insects," (1877,) "Zoology for Schools and
Colleges," (1879,) " Briefer Zoology," (1883,) etc.
Pacdme. See PACHOMIUS.
Pac'o-rus, [Gr. Ilaxopoc,] the eldest son of Orodr.s\
King of Parthia, was born about 66 B.C. At an early
Age he was associated with his ftither on the throne. In
51 B.C. he led an army into Syria, where he was defeated
by Caius Cassius. After the battle of Philippi, the Par-
thian king sent to Syria another expedition, commanded
by Pacorus and Titus Labienus, a Roman, who gained a
victory over an officer of Antony. After Pacorus hac
subjected Syria, he was defeated and killed by the army
of Ventidius, in 38 B.C.

See DION CASSIUS, " History of Rome."

Pacorua, a king of Parthia, who reigned in the time

of Domitian and Trajan. Little is known respecting


Pacthod, pSk'to', (MICHEL MARIE,) COUNT, a French
^eneral, born in Savoy in 1764. He gained the rank of
jeneral of division on the field of Espinosa, (1808,) and
:ommanded in Naples and Illyria from 1810 to 1812.
Died in 1830.

Pacuvio. See PACUVIUS.

Pa-cu'vl-us, [It PACUVIO, pj-koo've-o,| (MARCUS,)
an eminent Roman tragic poet and painter, born at
Brundusium about 220 B.C., was a nephew of the poet
Ennius. According to the judgment of Quintilian and
other ancient critics, his dramas had some merit. His
works are lost, except small fragments. He died at the
age of ninety. His epitaph, composed by himself, has
jeen preserved by Aulus Gellius.

See VOSSIDS, "De Poetis Latinis;" ANNIBALE DB Leo, "Dis-
sertazione intorno la Vita di M. Pacuvio," 1763; "Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Ge'ne'rale."

Pad'dock, (BENJAMIN HENRY,) S.T.D., an American
Mshop, a brother of Bishop J. A. Paddock, was born at
Norwich, Connecticut, February 29, 1828. He graduated
at Trinity College, Hartford, in 1848, and at the General
Theological Seminary (Episcopalian) in 1852, took
mest's orders in 1853, held various pastorates, and in
1873 became Bishop of Massachusetts. Died in 1891.

Paddock, (JOHN ADAMS,) D.D., an American bishop,
3orn at Norwich, Connecticut, January 19, 1825. He
graduated at Trinity College, Hartford, in 1845, and at
the General (Episcopalian) Seminary, New York, in
1849. He took priest's orders in 1850, and held pastor
ates, chiefly in Brooklyn. In 1880 he became Bishop
of Washington Territory. Died March 4, 1894.

Faderewski, pa-da-rev'skee, (!GNACE JAN,) one of
the most talented of modern pianists and composers,
was born in the province of Podolia, Russian Poland,
S'ov. 6, 1860. He studied in Warsaw and Berlin, was
professor in the conservatories of Warsaw and Stras-
jurg, and made professional tours through Europe and
America, being everywhere received with enthusiasm.

Padilla, de. da pa-uel'ya, (Don JUAN LOPEZ,) a Span-
sh general, born in Castile, was a son of a nobleman.
He became in 1520 the leader of the malcontents whom
the extortions and misrule of the Flemish ministers of
Charles V. provoked to revolt The insurgents elected
a council called Junta de las Comunidades. Padilla de-
feated the royal troops at Segovia, took Valladolid, the
capital of Spain, and deposed the regent, Adrian of
Utrecht, Dissensions arose among the popular party,
Padilla was deprived of the command, and his successor
was defeated. About the end of 1 520 he was restored
to the command. He was defeated and taken prisoner
at Villalar in April, 1521, and executed the next day.
See ROBERTSON, " Charles V.," voL ii. book iii

Padilla, de, (LORENZO,) a Spanish historian, born at
Antequera about 1485. He was eminent for learning,
and received the title of historiographer to Charles V.
He left in manuscript a " General History of Spain,"
and a work on the antiquities of Spain, which was pub-
lished in 1669. Died in 1540.

See N. ANTONIO, " Bibliotheca Hispana Nova."
Padilla, de, (Dofia MARIA PACHECO,) the wife of
Juan Lopez, noticed above, was a woman of great energy
and talents, and devoted herself to the popular cause.
After her husband's death she took his place as leader,
and made heroic but unsuccessful efforts to defend
Toledo against the royalists. She escaped to Portugal,
where she remained until her death.
See MARIANA, "Historia de Espafia."

Padilla, de. (PEDRO,) a Spanish poet, born at Linare*.
was a friend of Cervantes. He published "Pastoral
Eclogues," (1582,) and other poems. He was one of
the best pastoral poets of his time. Died about 1600.
See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."
Pad'ma', [modern Hindoo pron. pud'ma',] written
also Fedma, [from pddm&, a " lotus,"] ore of the name*
of LAKSHM?, (which see.)
Padouan or Padovano. See CAVING.
Padouanlno. See LEONI, (OTTAVIO.)
Fadouanino, pa-doo-1-nee'no, (FRANCESCO,) an ex-
cellent Italian painter of history and portraits, was born
at Padua in 1552. He was correct in design and fertile

a. e, I, o. u, y. long: a. e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 5, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fat; met: not; good; moon-




in invention. Among his works is a picture of the de-
liverance of two persons who were condemned to death.
Died in 1617.

His son OTTAVIO was a skilful portrait-painter. He
died about 1634, at the age of fifty-two.

Padovauo. See LEONI, (Luici and OTTAVIO.)

Paean, pee'an, [Gr. Ilatav, Uaii/uv, or Ilcuuv ; Fr.
PEAN, pi'oN',] a name applied to Apollo, and also a
surname of Asculapius, the god who had the power of
healing. It was afterwards applied to hymns sung in
honour of Apollo, and to martial songs by which a

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 200 of 425)