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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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He retained the office of secretary at war during the


May September.

'II ttKdlMSl- ^ll-ialli-n, j*".>-j "

1864. He was "elected Governor of | Tory, he accepted office as secretary of foreign affairs in
as -S; 9 as t; g hard; g as/V G, H, n, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. < i=See Explanations, p. 23 )




Ihe Whig ministry formed in November, 1830. Having
resigned with his colleagues in November, 1834, he was
appointed to the same office in the Melbourne ministry
in April, 1835, and held it until the accession of Sir
Robert Peel, in September, 1841. During this term of
official service he had a prominent part in the settlement
of the Eastern question. He induced Russia, Austria,
and Prussia to unite with England in a treaty signed in
London in July, 1840, and to resist the progress of Me-
hemet Ali in Syria. France, which favoured Mehemet
Ali, was thus ignored in the settlement of the question.
He married about 1839 the first Lord Melbourne's
daughter, who was the widow of Earl Cowper. On
the formation of a new ministry by Lord John Russell,
in 1846, Palmerston again became minister of foreign
affairs. He pursued the policy of neutrality towards the
revolutionary movements by which Europe was con-
vulsed in 1848 and 1849, but he promptly recognized the
French republic, and favoured Napoleon's coup d'ltai
in 1851. In consequence of a disagreement with Lord
John Russell, he was removed in December of that year.
In December, 1852, Lord Aberdeen formed a coalition
ministry, in which Palmerston was secretary for the home
department, while the ministry "drifted" into war against
Russia. He succeeded Lord Aberdeen as prime min-
ister in February, 1855, and formed a cabinet chiefly
of Whigs or Liberals. Peace was restored with Russia
in March, 1856. Having been defeated in Parliament
on the subject of the Chinese war in March, 1857, he
appealed to the country, which sustained his policy by
a large majority. He failed in his effort to pass the
Conspiracy bill occasioned by Orsini's conspiracy against
Napoleon III., and was compelled to resign in February,
1858. In June, 1859, he succeeded Lord Derby as the
bead of a ministry in which Russell was foreign secretary
md Gladstone chancellor of the exchequer. He con-
inued to be prime minister until his death, October 18,
1865. He had no children. Palmerston retained in
lis old age much of the vigour and vivacity of youth,
Je was an excellent master of parliamentary science
and political tactics, and enjoyed a high degree of
popularity. He represented Tiverton in the House
of Commons from 1835 to his death.

See G. H. FRANCIS, " Opinions and Policy of Viscount Palmer-
ton as Minister, Diplomatist, and Statesman, 1852; "Thirty Years
of Foreign Policy : a History of the Secretaryships of Earl Aberdeen
and Lord Palmerston," 1855; COMTK DE FICQUELMONT, "Lord
Palmerston, 1'Angleterre et le Continent," 1851; L. DK LOM^NIE,
Lord Palmerston, par tin Homroe de Rien," 1842; HARRIET MAX-
TINEAU, " Biographical Sketches," 1870.

Falmezzano. See PALMEGIANI.

Palmieri, pal-me-a'ree, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian painter
of history and animals, born at Genoa in 1674; died
in 1740.

Palmieri, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian economist, born in
the province of Otranto in 1721. He was director-
general of the finances at Naples. He wrote a " Treatise
on the Art of War," ( 1 761 ,) and " Thoughts on Economy,"
("Pensieri economic!, " 1789.) Died in 1793.

Palmieri, (LuiGl,) an eminent Italian vulcanist and
meteorologist, born at Faicchio, near Benevento, April
22, 1807. He held professorships, chiefly at Naples.
His reports on the eruptions of Vesuvius, and on the
meteorological observations made at the Vesuvian sta-
tion, are of much value. He invented a rain-gauge, a
seismometer, an electrometer, etc. Died in 1896.

Palmieri, (MATTEO,) an Italian historian, borr. at
Florence in 1405. His chief work is a " General Chroni-
cle from the Creation to his Own Time." Died in 1475.

Palmieri, (MATTEO,) an Italian philologist, born at
Pisa in 1423. He wrote a continuation of the chronicle
of Matteo Palmieri from 1449 to 1481, (1483.) Died in

Falmquist, palm'kwist, (FREDERIK,) a Swedish ma
thematician, born in 1720; died in 1771.

Falmquist, (MAGNUS,) BARON, a Swedish military
officer, born in 1660. He was very skilful in fortifica-
tions, and was president of the Council of Mines. Died
in 1729.

Falombi, pa-lom'bee, (GAETANO,) an Italian poet,
born near Spoleto in 1753, wrote "II Medoro coronato "
(;828.) Died in 1826.

Palomino de Castro y Velasco, pa-Io-mee'no dl
kas'tro e vi-las'ko, (Don ACISLO ANTONIO,) a celebrated
Spanish painter, born near C<5rdova in 1653. His name
is sometimes written PALOMINO DE VELASCO. He was

pupil of Juan de Valdes Leal. Having painted the
story of Psyche for Charles II., he obtained, at an early
age, the title of painter to the king. His chief merits
are correct design, beautiful colour, and excellence in
perspective. "The Confession of Saint Peter" is called
one of his best works. His reputation is chiefly founded
on his treatise on painting, entitled " El Museo pictorico
y Escala optica," (2 vols., 1715,) and his "Lives of
Spanish Painters" contained in his " Parnaso Espanol
pictorico," (I vol., 1724.) Died at Madrid in 1726.

See QUILLIHT, " Dictionnaire des Peintres Espagnols;" CaAlt-
BERMUDBZ, "Dictionario."

Palotta, pa-lot'ta, (MATTEO,) an Italian musician and
composer, born at Palermo about 1680. In 1733 the
emperor Charles VI. appointed him one of the court
composers at Vienna, where he died in 1758.

PalS'grave, (JOHN,) an English grammarian, born in
London. He gave lessons in French to Mary, a sister
of Henry VIII., in 1514, and published a French gram-
mar, (1530.) This is the most ancient printed work on
that subject of which we have any knowledge, according
to Barbier, who praises his sagacity and taste. Died
in 1554.

Palu, de la, deh It ptlii', I Lat. PALUDA'NUS, ]
(PIERRE,) a French Dominican monk, born at Varam-
bon about 1280. He was appointed Patriarch of Jeru-
salem about 1330, and wrote several works on theology.
Died in 1342.

Paludan - Muller, pal'oo-din' mtfl'ltr, (CASPAR
PETER,) a Danish historian, a brother of Frederic, was
born in 1805. He published several works on Danish
history, and "Researches on Machiavel." Died in 1882.

Paludan-Muller, (FREDERIC,) a popular Danish
poet, born in Funen in 1809. He produced in 1832
"Cupid at Court," a comedy, and in 1833 a poem called
" The Danseuse," (" Dandserinden,") which is much ad-
mired. His most remarkable work, perhaps, is " Adam
Homo," (1841-49,) a humorous poem. He is commended
for happy images, noble ideas, and force of sentiment,
but is deficient in invention as a dramatist. Died 1876.

Paludanus. See PALU.

Paludanus, pl-lii-da'nus, (BERNARD Ten Broek
t?n bRook,) a Dutch philosopher and traveller, born at
Steenwyk in 1550; died in 1633.

Paludanua, ( JEAN VAN DEN BROEK, ) a Flemish
theologian, born at Malines in 1565. He was professor
at Louvain, and author of several works. Died in 1630.

Pamard, pfmiR', (JEAN BAPTISTE ANTOINE,) a
French surgeon, born at Avignon in 1763 ; died in 1827.

Panicle, de, deh pfmjl', [Lat PAME'LIUS,] (JACQUES,)
a Flemish priest, born at Bruges in 1536. He edited
the works of Cyprian (1568) and Tertullian, (1579,) and
wrote " Liturgica Latinorum," (1571.) Died in 1587.

Famelius. See PAMELE.

Pam'me-nei, [ ria^j/jcvi/f ,] a Theban general, was a
friend of Epaminondas. Philip of Macedon was in the
custody of Pammenes while he was a hostage at Thebes.
Pammenes commanded an army sent to Megalopolis
in 352 B.C.

Pammenes, an Athenian orator and teacher of
rhetoric, lived in the time of Cicero, who extols his
eloquence in high terms.

Pam'phl-la, [Gr. Ila^^iAr;,] a Roman or Greek histo-
t rian, lived in the reign of Nero. She wrote a historical
'work entitled vno/tvri/MTa taropuid, which was highly es-
teemed by some ancient critics. It is not extant

Fampbile. See PAMPHILUS.

Pam'phl-lus, [Ma^i^of,] one of the most eminent
Greek painters, was a native of Amphipolis, and flour-
ished between 390 and 350 B.C. He was the pupil of
Eupompus, whom he succeeded as the master of the
Sicyonian school of painting. As a teacher of art, he was
probably surpassed by none of the ancients. His school
was remarkable for the importance which the master
attached to general learning aud the great attention he
paid to accuracy in drawing. Pliny says that he wa

a, e,T, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9. obscure; far, fall, fat; m8t; nftt; good; moon;




the first artist who was well versed in all sciences, and
that he thought geometry necessary to the perfection of
his art. He excelled in composition, and in what Quin-
tilian calls ratio, or proportion. Pliny mentions four of
his works, among which was " Ulysses on his Raft."
Apelles and Melanthius were his pupils.

Famphilus, a grammarian of Alexandria, is supposed
to have lived in the first century of our era. He was
the author of a "Greek Lexicon."

Famphilus, [Fr. PAMPHILE, poN'fel',] SAINT, an emi-
nent martyr, born at Berytus, (Beyroot,) in Syria, about
245 A.D. He became presbyter of Caesarea, in Pales-
tine, where he founded a large and renowned public
library. He was eminent for learning and piety. Hav-
ing a high esteem for the works of Origen, he tran-
scribed nearly all of them with his own hand. Pamphilus
and Eusebius composed jointly an " Apology for Origen."
He suffered martyrdom in the reign of Maximin, at
Caesarea, in 309 A.D. Eusebius testified his friendship
and honour for him by adopting the name of PAMPHILI.

See SAINT JEROME, " De Scriptoribus Ecclesiasticis ;" BARONIUS,
" Annales."

Pan, [Gr. Tlav,] the god of flocks, shepherds, and
pastures, in classic mythology, was said to be a son of
Mercury, and was sometimes identified with the Rorjan
Lupercus. He combined the form of a man with that of
a goat, having horns and feet like the latter animal. He
was fond of music and riotous noise, and was the Inventor
of the syrinx, the pastoral pipe or flute. The principal
seat of his worship was Arcadia. He was regarded by
some philosophers as the symbol of the universe ; for
Pan signifies "all." Panic terrors were ascribed to
Pan, who sometimes appeared to travellers and sur-
prised them with a sudden alarm. The Romans ob-
served an annual festival, called Lupercalia, in honour
of Pan, whose priests were styled Luferci.

Pan-a-96'a, [Gr. ttavwteia ; Fr. PANACEE, pi'nS'sa',]
(i.e. the "all-healing,") a daughter of /Esculapius, is
simply a personification of the healing power.

Panache. See PANACEA.

Panaenus, pa-nee'nus, [IIav<uvoc,j an eminent Athe-
nian painter, who lived about 450 B.C., was a brother of
Phidias, according to Pausanias, or his nephew, accord-
ing to Strabo. He aided Phidias in the decoration of
the temple of Jupiter at Olympia, in which he painted,
among other subjects, "Atlas Upholding Heaven," and
the " Combat of Hercules with the Nemean Lion." His
master-piece was a series of pictures of the battle of
Marathon in the Poecile at Athens.

Panaetius, pa-nee'she-us, [IlawuTiof,] a Greek Stoic
or Eclectic philosopher, was born at Rhodes, and was a
pupil of Diogenes the Stoic, and perhaps of Carneades.
About 140 or 150 B.C. he visited Rome, taught philos-
ophy to Scipio Africanus and Laelius, and enjoyed the
intimate friendship of the former. He was afterwards
the head of the Stoic school at Athens, and died, at an
advanced age, before in B.C. He is the representative
of a moderate stoicism, and appears to have rejected
the principle of apathy. None of his works are extant.
Among them was a treatise " On Duties," to which
Cicero was indebted for many principles of his book
" De Officiis." Cicero avowed this fact, and expressed
a very high esteem for Panaetius.

Panard, pfnaV, (CHARLES FRANCOIS,) a French
chansonnier and dramatist, born near Chartres about
1694. He wrote successful songs, vaudevilles, comedies,
and pleasant satires. Died in 1765 or 1769.

Panartz. See PANNARTZ.

Panchamuki, one of the names of SIVA, which see.

Panciroli, pdn-che-ro'lee, (GuiDO,) an Italian jurist
and antiquary, born at Reggio in 1523. He was pro-
fessor of Roman law at Turin (1571-82) and at Padua.
Among his important works is one on illustrious jurists,
"De Claris Legum Interpretibus," (1637 ;) also one en-
titled "Rerum Memorabilium Libri duo," (1599,) which
treats of ancient arts and inventions of which the secret
is lost. Died in 1599.

Panckoucke, pox'kook', (ANDRE JOSEPH,) a French
bookseller and compiler, born at Lille in 1700. He pub-
lished a "Philosophic Manual," (2 vols., 1748,) a "Dic-
tionary of French Proverbs," (1749,) and other works.

eas/fc; <;ass; gAard; gas/;o, H, Vi,guttural; w,nasat; v.,trilltd; sasz; th as in //4j.r

He also wrote "The Battle of Fontenoy," in burlesque
verse, a parody on Voltaire's poem on that subject
Died in 1753.

Panckoucke, (CHARLES JOSEPH,) a son of the pre-
ceding, born at Lille in 1736, was an eminent publisher
in Paris, and a writer of some merit. He was the pro^
prietor or editor of the " Mercure de France," for which
he procured 15,000 subscribers. About 1781 he formed
the plan of the " Encyclopedic Me'thodique," a very large
and important work. He founded the " Moniteur," a
daily journal, in 1789. Retranslated Lucretius, (1768.)
and "Orlando Furioso," (1798.) He corresponded with
Buffon, Voltaire, and Rousseau. Died in 1798.

Panckoucke, (CHARLES Louis Fleury fluh're',)
a son of the preceding, was born in Paris in 1780. He
was distinguished as a publisher and translator. He
was the publisher of a " Dictionary of Medical Sciences,"
(60 vols.,) and of a collection of Latin classics, with
translations, entitled " Latin -French Library," ("Biblio-
theque Latine-Francaise," 174 vols., 1828 ft sea.) He
translated Tacitus, (7 vols., 1830-38.) Died in 1844.

Pan'coast, (JOSEPH,) M.D., an American physician,
born in Burlington county, New Jersey, in 1805. He
graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1828,
and for many years held professorships of surgery and
of anatomy in the Jefferson Medical College in Phila-
delphia. He published " Operative Surgery," (1852,)
etc. Died March 7, 1882.

Pancoast, (\VII.LIAM HENRY,) M.D., son of the
preceding, was born at Philadelphia in 1835, studied
surgery, and succeeded his father as professor in the
Jefferson Medical College. He was president of the
Medico-Chirurgical College from 1886 to 1896. He
gained a high reputation for skill in surgery. Died
in 1897.

Pandare. See PANDARUS.

Faii'da-rus, [Gr. Haviapof; Fr. PANDARE, pftN'dSR',]
a semi-fabulous warrior, who fought against the Greeks
in the Trojan war, and was an excellent archer. He was
killed by Diomede.

Pan-di'on, [Gr. Tlaviiuv,] a son of Cecrops, became
Xing of Athens, but was expelled from that country and
afterwards ruled over Megara. He was the father of
jEgeus, Pallas, and other sons.

Pandion, a mythical king of Athens, was a son of
Erichthonius, and the father of Erechtheus, Philomela,
and Procne. It was fabled that Ceres and Bacchus came
to Attica in the reign of Pandion.

Pindolfe. See PANDOLFO.

Pandolfi, pan-dol'fee, (GiANGlACOMO,) an Italian
painter, born at Pesaro, was a pupil of F. Zuccaro. He
flourished about 1630.

Pandolfini, pin-dol-fee'nee, (ANGELO,) an Italian
statesman, economist, and writer, born at Florence in
1360 ; died in 1446.

Pandolfo, pan-dol'fo, [Fr. PANDOLFE, pou'dolf;
Lat, PANDUL'PHUS,] Prince of Benevento and Capua,
began to reign in 961. He was one of the most power-
ful princes of Italy. Died in 981 A.D.

Pan-dp'ra, [Gr. Hav6upa, from nav, "every," and
iupav, "gift;" Fr. PANDORE, poN'doR',] the name given
in the Greek mythology to the first woman, who was
endowed by Minerva and Venus with every attractive
quality, whence her name, which signifies possessing
"every gift." Jupiter gave her a beautiful box, which
she was to present to the man who should marry her.
She became the wife of Epimetheus, who opened the
box, whereupon there issued from it the numerous evils
that have since infested human life. Pandora closed the
box in time to prevent the escape of Hope. According
to one account, Pandora herself, prompted by curiosity,
opened the box, though she had been forbidden to do
so. Another legend tells us that Pandora's box con-
tained various blessings, which escaped when she opened
it, and could never be recovered, Hope alone remaining
in the casket.

See SCHOHM ANN, " De Pandora Commentatio," 1853 : * Biogra-
phic Universelle," (Partie mythologique.)

Pandore. See PANDORA.
Pandulphus. See PANDOLFO.

anations.p. 23.)




Fanebianco, pa-na-be-an'ko, (ANTONIO MARIA,) an
Italian cardinal, born at Terranova, August 14, 1808,
entered the conventual order of Friars Minor, and in
1861 was created a cardinal-priest, and one of the heads
of the episcopal examinations in theology.

Panel, pi'nel', (ALEXANDRE XAVIER,) a French nu-
mismatist, born at Nozeroy in 1699. He became a pro-
iessor in the Royal College at Madrid, and wrote many
works on ancient coins and other antiquities. Died
in 1777.

Panetti, pa-net'tee, (DOMENICO,) a skilful Italian
painter, born at Ferrara in 1460 ; died in 1530.

Panfili. See INNOCENT X.

Pan-hel-le'nl-us, [Gr. IlavcMjiviof,] (i.e. " the god
worshipped by all the Hellenes or Greelcs,") a surname
of Zeus or Jupiter.

Panicale, da, da pa-ne-kj'li, (MASOLINO,) a painter
of the Florentine school, born in 1378. Some of his
frescos still exist at Florence. He was one of the first
artists that attained skill in chiaroscuro. According to
Vasari, he died in 1440.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters."

Panigarola, pa-ne-gl-ro'li, (FRANCESCO,) the most
eloquent Italian pulpit orator of his time, was born at
Milan in 1548. He entered the order of Cordeliers, and
Vcame Bishop of Asti in 1587. In 1589 he perverted
nis talents by advocating in Paris the cause of the League
against Henry IV. He left many volumes of Italian and
Latin sermons, which have nearly passed into oblivion,
and other works. Died in 1594.

See BONGRATIA DB VARENNA, "Vita di Panigarola," 1617;
UGHBLLI, " Italia sacra."

Panic or Panine, pi-neen', ? (NiKiTA IVANOVITCH,)
a Russian statesman, born in 1718. He became governor
of the grand duke Paul in 1760, and was appointed min-
ister of foreign affairs by Catherine on the abdication of
Peter III., (1762.) Died in 1783.

See "Vie du Conite de Panioe," London, 1784.

Fanini, pj'ni-ni, the most celebrated of Sanscrit
philologists, lived at a very remote and uncertain period.
Me is said to have been a grandson of the legislator
Devala. He is considered by some as the creator of
grammatical science and the inventor of the analytic
processes to which linguistics owes its discoveries. The
rules of his grammar amount to three thousand nine
hundred and ninety-six.

Panini, pa-nee'nee, or Pannini, pan-nee'nee, (GIO-
VANNI PAOLO,) an able painter of the Roman school,
born at Piacenza about 1694. He was very skilful in
perspective, and was an excellent painter of architecture
and landscapes, which he adorned with graceful figures.
Among his works are " Ruins of the Temple of Vesta
at Tivoli," "The Traders driven from the Temple," and
views of ruins at Rome. Died at Rome in 1764.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Panis, pt'ness', (TIENNE JEAN,) a French Jacobin,
born in Perigord in 1757. He was accessory to the
outrages of his party in Paris, and was elected to the
Convention in 1792. He joined the enemies of Robes-
pierre on the gth Thermidor. Died in 1833.

Panizzi, pa-nh'see or pl-net'see, (Sir ANTONIO,) an
Italian bibliographer and litterateur, born in the duchy
of Modena in 1797. He became assistant librarian of
the British Museum in 1831, and principal librarian of
that institution in 1856. He resigned this position in
July, 1865. He published editions of "Orlando Furi-
oso," (1830-34,) and other poems. Died in 1879.

Fanmure, pan'mur or pan-mur', (Fox MAULE,) LORD,
nd Earl Dalhousie, a British politician, a son of the
first Baron Panmure, was born in Forfarshire in 1801.
He was elected to Parliament by the Whigs about 1835,
and was secretary of war from July, 1846, to February,
1852. He held the same office under Palmerston from
1855 to February, 1858. He was a cousin of the late Earl
of Dalhousie, whose title he inherited. Died May 14, 1874.

Pannard. See PANARD.

Pannartz, pan'naRts, (ARNOLD,) a German printer,
who was employed at Mentz by Gutenberg. He re-
moved to Italy in 1462, and established a press at Su-
"jiaco. Died in 1476.

Pannini. See PANINI.

Pannoniua. See CISINGE, DE.

Fan-no'nl-us, (JANUS,) a Hungarian bishop and
Latin poet, born in 1434 ; died in 1472.

Panofka, (THEODOR,) a German archaeologist, born
at Breslau in 1801. He published numerous works,
among which are "De Rebus Samiorum," (1822,) and
" Pictures of the Life of the Ancients," (" Bilder Antiken
Lebens," 1843.) He became professor in the University
of Berlin in 1844. Died in 1858.

Pan'p-pe, [Gr. \\avimn,] in classic mythology, was
one of the Nereids, and was invoked by mariners.

Panormita, pa-noR-mee'ta, (ANTONIO Beccadelll
bek-ka-del'lee,) a distinguished Italian writer, born
at Palermo (the Panormus of the ancients) in 1394. He
was patronized by the Duke of Milan, and by Alphonso,
King of Naples, whom he served as an ambassador. He
wrote obscene epigrams, which were admired for wit
and elegance of style, and other works, among which
is "Familiar Letters," etc., ("Epistolae familiares ac
Campanae," 1553.) Died in 1471.

Pan'sa, (C. VIBIUS,) a Roman general, who was a
partisan of Caesar in the war against Pompey. As a
colleague of Hirtius, he obtained the consulship in 43
B.C. Hirtius and Pansa joined the party of the senate
and marched against Antony, and were both killed in
battle near M6dena in 43 B.C.

Pansa, pan'si, (Muzio,) an Italian philosopher and
writer, born in the Abruzzi about 1560. He wrote a
work on "The Library of the Vatican," ("Delia Libre-
ria Vaticana," 1590.)

Panseron, p6Nss'r6N', (AucusTE,) a French musician
and composer, born in Paris in 1795. He gained the
grand prize in 1813, and became professor de chant
at the Conservatory of Paris in 1824. He composed
operas, masses, and requiems. His reputation is founded
chiefly on a great number of popular ballads, (romances,)
among which are " Au Revoir," " Vogue ma Nacelle,"
and " The Dream of Tartini." He died in 1859.

See F^Tls, " Biographic Universelle des Musiciens."

Panseron, (PIERRE,) a French architect, born near
Provins about 1730. He published several good works,
one of which is entitled " New Elements of Architec-
ture," (3 vols., 1775-80.)

Fantaenua, pan-tee'nus, [Gr. Mavratvof ; Fr. PAN-
TENE, pft.N'tin',] a Christian philosopher, born about
155 A.D., was a Stoic before his conversion. He became,
about 180, the head of the celebrated school at Alexan-
dria, where Saint Clement was one of his pupils. Ac-
cording to an ancient tradition, he preached in India.
His works, if he wrote any, are not extant Died about
216 A.D.

Pan-tag'a-thus, (OCTAVIUS,) [It. PANTAGATO, (Or-
TAVIO,)] an Italian monk of great erudition, born at
Brescia in 1494. He left some works in manuscript
Died in 1567.

Pantaloon, poN'ti'li'dN', written also Pantaleo,
(HENRI,) a Swiss historian, born at Bile in 1522, became
professor of dialectics and physics in his native city. I Ic
obtained a wide reputation by his writings, among which
is a work on the illustrious men of Germany, (" Proso-
pographia Virorum illustrium Germanise," 3 vols., 1566.)
Died in 1595.

Pantene. See PANT^NUS.

Pantoja, pan-to'Ha, (JUAN DE LACRUZ,) a Spanish
painter, born at Valencia about 1550, was a pupil of
Coello. He worked at the Escurial for Philip II. He
excelled in design and in the expression of his figures.
Among his works is " The Adoration of the Shepherds."
Died in 1610.

Pan'ton, (J. E.,) an English author, born (Frith)
at London in 1848, married James Panton in 1869.

i''n her numerous hooks are " Country Sketches in
Black and White," (1882,) "From Kitchen to Gar-
ret," (1887,) "Homes of Taste," (1890,) "Within
Four Walls," (1893,) and "A Dream House,"

Panvinio, pln-vee'ne-o, (ONUFRIO,) [Lat. PANVIN'-
us ONU'PHRIUS,] an eminent Italian antiquary, born
at Verona in 1529. He collected many inscriptions and

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 204 of 425)