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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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See MANSUBTI, " C. Paschal, illustre Piemontese," 1844; NICB-
ON, " Me'moire*."

Paaqualini, pas-kwa-lee'nee, or Pascalini, pas-ka-
iee'nee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian painter and
engraver, born near Bologna about 1600.

Fasqualino, pas-kwa-lee'no, or Pasquelino, pas-
kwa-lee'no, (PASQUALE Rossi,) an Italian painter, born
at Vicenza in 1641. His design is correct and his colour-
ing true. Died in 1700.

Pasquier, pis'kg-A', (TIENNE,) a French historian
and lawyer, born inTjig, in Paris. He gained distinction
by a great speech for the University of Paris in a suit or
contest against the Jesuits in 1 564. He opposed the fac-
tion of the League, and served Henry III. and Henry IV.
with honour as advocate-general. His chief works are
" Researches on France," (" Recherches de la France,")
in which the origin and history of civil and religious in-
stitutions, customs, etc. are traced with ability, and his
interesting Letters. The first part of his " Recherches"
appeared in 1560. Died in 1615.

See DUPIN, "Itloge de Pasquier," 1843; L. FEUGKEE, " Essai
tur laVieetles Ouvrages d'fitienne Pasquier," prefixed loan edition
of Pasquier's select works, i vols., 1849 : C. GIRAUD, " Notice sur
fi. Pasquier," 1848.

Pasquier, de, deh pSslce-i', (TIENNE DENIS,) Due,
a French statesman, born in~f767, in Paris. He became
master of requests in 1806, and prefect of police in 1810.
At the restoration of 1815 he was appointed minister of
state and privy councillor, and united with the moderate
royalists. He was keeper of the seals under Richelieu
from January, 1817, to December, 1818, and minister of
foreign affairs from November, 1819, to December, 1821.
During this period he made many eloquent speeches in
the Chamber, and defended his policy with admirable
adroitness and sang-froid. He was the virtual chief of
the cabinet after the retirement of Decazes, in February,
1820. Pasquier was president of the Chamber of Peers
from 1830 to 1848. In 1837 he obtained the title of
Chancellor of France. He was admitted into the Aca-
demie Francaise in 1842, and received the title of duke
in 1844. Died, without issue, in 1862.

See LOMENIE, " Galerie des Contemporains," tome vi. ; " Nou-
lle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Pass, van, vtn pass, or Paas, van, vln piss, written
also Passe, (CRISPIN,) an eminent Dutch designer and
engraver, born in Zealand about 1536, or, as some say,
1560. He worked at Paris and other foreign cities. His
works are highly finished. Among them are numerous
portraits, and the plates of the "Manege royal," (1618.)
He was alive in 1628.

Pass, van, (CRISPIN,) THE YOUNGER, born at Utrecht
about 1570, was an able engraver, and a son of the
preceding. Died after 1655.

Pass, van, (MADELEINE,) a skilful engraver, daughter
of Crispin the Elder, was born in 1576. "Her land-
scapes," says the " Biographic Universelle," "entitle her
to a rank among the ablest engravers." A print of the
"Wise and Foolish Virgins" is called her master-piece.

Pass, van, (SiMON,) an engraver, a brother of the
preceding, was born about 1 580. He worked in London
with a high reputation. " The Pilgrims of Emmaus" is
called one of his best works.

Pass, van, (WILLEM,) born at Utrecht about 1585,
was a son of Crispin the Elder, whom he imitated. He
removed to England, and engraved portraits after Van
Dyck with great success.

Fassaglia, pas-sal'ya, (CARLO,) ABBE, an Italian
theological writer of the present age. He wrote about
1861 a pamphlet in which he advised the pope to resign
his temporal power. In 1863 he was elected a member
of the Italian Parliament. Died in 1887.

Passarotti, pas-sa-rot'tee, written also Passerotti,
(BARTOLOMMEO,) an eminent Italian painter and en-
graver, born at Bologna about 1535, was a pupil of
Vignola. He was master of a school in Bologna, which
produced some able artists. He excelled in portraits.

Among his works is " The Martyrdom of Saint Paoi"
Died about 1594.

His sons, TIBURZIO, VENTURA, and AURELIO, were
also painters. Tiburzio was born in 1575, and died ii

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters ;" LOMAZZO, " Idea del Tern-
pio della Pittura."

Passavant, pf'si'voN', ? QOHANN DAVID,) a German
painter and writer upon art, born at Frankfort-on-the-
Main in 1787. He wrote, besides other works, a valua-
ble memoir entitled "On Raphael of Urbino and his
Father," (1839,) "On Christian Art in Spain," (1853.)
and a good history of engraving, entitled " Le Peintre-
Graveur," (2 vols., 1860.) A French version of hi*

Life of Raphael" was published in 1860. Died in 1861.

See NAGLKE, " Kiinstler-Lerikon-"

Passavanti, pis-sa-van'tee, (JACOPO, ) an Italian

riter, born at Florence, gained celebrity by his " Mirror
of True Penitence," (" Specchio della vera Penitenza.")
Died in 1357.

Passe. See PASS.

Passemant, pis'moN', (CLAUDE SIMEON,) a skilful
optician and mechanician, born in Paris in 1702. He
made telescopes, time-pieces, and other astronomical
instruments, and wrote a treatise on the fabrication of
telescopes, (1738.) Died in 1769.

Passerat, pts'rt', (JEAN,) a French poet and excellent
Latinist, born at Troyes in 1534. He succeded Ramus
as professor of Latin at Paris, (1572.) He co-operated
with Rapin, Leroy, Durant, and other friends in the
" Satyre Menippe'e," a famous satire against the League.
He composed graceful verses in French and Latin.
Died in 1602.

See NICERON. "Me'moires."

Passeri, pis-sa'ree, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian
painter and biographer, born at Rome about 1610, was
a friend of Domenichino. He became president of the
Academy of Saint Luke, but was an artist of only
moderate ability. His reputation is founded on his
" Lives of Painters, Sculptors, and Architects who died
at Rome from 1641 to 1673," (177*,) which is highly
esteemed for accuracy. Died in 1679.

See TIRABOSCHI, "Storia della Letteratura Italians. "

Paaseri, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) a learned Italian
antiquary, born near Rome in 1694, chose the profes-
sion of law. In 1741 he exchanged that for the church.
Among his numerous works are "Earthen Lamps,"
("Lucernz Fictiles," 3 vols., 1739-5'-) and "Pictures
on the Vases of the Etruscans," ("Picturse Etruscorum
in Vasculis," 3 vols., 1767-75.) Died in 1780.

See A. OLIVIERI, " Memorie di G. B. Passeri," 1780

Fasseri, (GIUSEPPE,) an able painter, born in Rom
in 1654, was a nephew of Giovanni Battista, (1610-79,)
and a pupil of Carlo Maratta. He adorned many
churches of Rome with his works. "The Last Judg-
ment" is called one of his master-pieces. Died in 1715.

Passeroni, pis-sa-ro'nee, (GiAN CARLO,) a popular
Italian poet, born at Condamine, near Nice, in 1713.
He was ordained a priest in 1738, and lived mostly at
Milan. Having learned to be content with little, he
declined the bounty of the rich. He wrote burlesque
satirical and humorous poems, which are admired for
their graceful simplicity and originality. They are en
titled "II Cicerone," (1750,) and " ^Esopian Fables,"
(" Favole Esopiane," 6 vols., 1786.) Died at Milan in

See C G SCOTTI, " Elogio di Passeroni," 1814 : UGONI, " Lent
ratura Italians;" TIPALDO, " Biografia degli Italian! illustn.

Passerotti. See PASSAROTTI.

Passignano, da, di pas-sen-ya'no, (DOMENICO,) 01
DOMENICO Cresti, (kRes'tee,) CAVALIERE, a painter of
high reputation, was born in Tuscany about 1555.
worked at Venice, Rome, and Florence. At Rome he
painted " The Crucifixion of Saint Peter," and other
works for several popes. He contributed to reform the
Florentine school in respect to colouring. It is said that
Luigi Caracci was one of his pupils. Died in 1638.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Passionei, pas-se-o-na'ee, (DOMENICO,) a learnec
Italian cardinal and patron of learning, born at Fossom

as k; 9 as s: g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z; th as in this. (j^=See Explanations, p. 23. >




Drone in 1682. He was versed in classical literature
and in the study of antiquities, and corresponded with
many foreign scholars, among whom were Montfaucon
and Gronovius. lie was appointed nuncio to Vienna in
1730, secretary for briefs in 1738, and librarian of the
Vatican in 1755. His hostility to the Jesuits was well
known. He wrote a funeral oration on Prince Eugene,

(I737-) Die d in '7 01 -

Fasaoa, pas'sos, (MANOEL DA SILVA,) a Portuguese
politician, born near Oporto in 1802. He was the leader
of the radical or liberal party, which made a successful
insurrection in September, 1836, and then became min-
ister of the interior. Died at Santarem in 1862.

Passot, pts'so', (GABRIEL ARISTIDE,) a French min-
iature-painter, born at Nevers about 1798. He gained
a first medal in 1841, and the second medals in 1837
and 1848. Died September II, 1875.
Fassovius. See PASSOW.

Pasaow, pis'so, [Lat. PASSO'VIUS,] (FRANZ LUDWIG
KARL FRIEDRICH,) a distinguished German scholar,
born at Ludwigslust, in Mecklenburg-Schwerin, in 1786.
He studied at Leipsic under Hermann, and in 1815
became professor of ancient literature at Breslau. He
published " Elements of Greek and Roman Literature
and Art- History," an excellent " Lexicon of the Greek
Language," (1819-24,) and editions of Persius, Musaeus.
and other classics. Died in 1833.

Passy, pfse', (HIPPOLYTE PHILIBERT,) a French
minister of state, born in Seine-et-Oise in 1793. He
entered the Chamber of Deputies in 1830, and became
a leader of the Left Centre. Commissioned by the
king to form a new cabinet. May, 1839, he reserved for
himself the portfolio of finance under the presidency
of Soult. He retired from office in March, 1840, and
was again minister of finance from December, 1848, to
October, 1849. He died June i, 1880.

Pasta, pas'ti, (ANDREA,) an Italian physician, born
at Bergamo in 1706. He published several professional
works, and " The Celebrated Pictures of Bergamo,"
(" Le Pitture notabili di Bergamo.") Died in 1782.

Pasta, pas'ti, (GiUDlTTA, nie Nigri,) an Italian
soprano-singer, of Jewish extraction, born at Como in
1798. She made her first public appearance in 1815, and
for a time sang with little success in several Italian cities,
in Paris, and in London. In 1819 she was more success-
ful in Venice ; but her great career began at Verona
during the Congress of 1822. She then stepped at once
to the first place among soprano-singers, and was eagerly
welcomed in all the cities she visited. In 1835 her voice
began to fail her, but her last public appearance was
made in 1840, at Saint Petersburg. She died at her
villa on Lake Como, April I, 1865.

Pasta, (GIUSEPPE,) a medical writer, born at Birgamo
in 1742, was a cousin of Andrea, noticed above. His
"Galateo dei Medici" (1791) was often reprinted. Died
in 1823.

Pasteur, pts'tUR', (JAN DAVID,) a Dutch naturalist,
born at Leyden in 1753. He wrote a " Natural History
of Mammifera." Died in 1804.

Pasteui, pis'tUR', (Louis,) an illustrious French
chemist and biologist, born at Uole, December 27, 1822.
He was educated at Besanon, and at the Ecole Normale,
Paris, and in 1848 was made professor of physic at Stras-
burg. He afterwards was successively dean of the faculty
at Lille, director in the ficole Normale, and professor in
the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In 1867 he became pro-
fessor of chemistry at the Sorbonne, and after 1886
worked at the Pasteur Institute, founded for the prose-
cution of his researches. Besides many discoveries
in physics and chemistry, he gave great attention to
the study of microbes and ferments, to wine-making,
the prevention of silk-worm diseases, of hydrophobia,
etc., and in connection with these studies he made
discoveries of high importance. To him is very largely
due the germ theory of disease and the method of
treatment by inoculation with attenuated virus. Died
September 28, 1895.

Fastoret, pts'to'ri', (AMEDfiF. DAVID,) a French
legitimist politician, poet, and historian, born in Paris
in 1791. He became a councillor of state in 1824, and

senator in 1 852. Among his works is a " History of the
Fall of the Greek Empire," (1829.) Died in 1857.

Fastoret, de, deh pSs'to'rJ', (CLAUDE EMMANUEI
JOSEPH PIERRE,) MARQUIS, the father of the preceding,
was born at Marseilles in 1756. He was a royalist
member of the Assembly in 1791, emigrated in 1792,
and was created a peer of France in 1814. In 1820 he
succeeded Volney as member of the French Academy.
He wrote a "History of Legislation," (ii vols., 1817-37,)
and other works. His treatise "On Penal Laws" (1790)
gained the Montyon prize of the French Academy. Died
in 1840.

Pastorius von Hirtemberg, pas-to're-us fon h^tV-
tem-beRG', (JOACHIM,) a historian, born in Silesia in
1610. He received from Casimir V. the title of histo-
riographer of Poland. Among his numerous works are
an "Epitome of Polish History," in Latin, (1641,) and
" Scythian and Cossack War," (" Bellum Scythico-Cosac-
cicum," 1652.) Died in 1681.

Fastrengo, da, dJ pls-tRen'go, (GuGLiELMO,) a
learned Italian writer and jurist, born near Verona, was
a friend of Petrarch. He wrote a biographical dictionary
called " De Viris illustribus," which was printed in 1547.
Died about 1365.

Pasumot, pj'zu'mo', (FRANCOIS,) a French geogra-
pher and antiquary, born at Beaune in 1733. He wrote
" Geographical Memoirs on some Antiquities of Gaul,"
(1765,) and " Scientific Travels among the Pyrenees,"
(1797,) which are works of much merit. Died in 1804,

Patarolo, pa-ta-ro'lo, ? (LORENZO,) an Italian littfra-
tdir, born at Verona in 1674. He founded the first
botanic garden of Venice. Died in 1757.

Fataud, pt't5', (JEAN JACQUES FRANC.OIS,) a French
writer of history and biography, was born at Orleans in
1752 ; died in 1817.

Fatel, pt'tel', (PiERRE,) an excellent French land-
scape-painter, born about 1650. He imitated Claude
Lorrain with some success. The forms of his trees are
elegant, the buildings are designed with taste, and the
distances are admirably rendered. His touch is firm
and light, his colour generally clear and true. Accord-
ing to some writers, he was killed in a duel in 1703.
Others date his death about 1676. His son PIERRE was
a landscape-painter of inferior ability.

See ROBERT DUMESNIL, " Le Peintre-Graveur Franfais."

Fatenier, de, deh pf'teh-ne-4', or Fatiner, pf'te'na',
(JOACHIM,) a Flemish landscape'-painter, born at Dinant
about 1490. He worked at Antwerp, and had a high
reputation. Albert Durer painted his portrait in 1520,
and is said to have admired his works. " His perspec-
tives," says the " Biographic Universelle," "are charm-
ing, and his figures touched in an exquisite manner."
Died about 1545.

Pater, pfti, (JEAN BAPTISTS,) a French painter,
born at Valenciennes in 1695, was a pupil and imitator
of Watteau. Died in Paris in 1736.

Pater, pJ'ter, (PAUL,) a mathematician, born in 1656,
was professor at Dantzic. He wrote a treatise on the art
of printing, (1710,) and a work "On the Caspian Sea,"
("De Mari Caspio," 1723.) Died in 1724.

Fa'ter, (WALTER H.,) a British critic of the "aesthetic"
school, born in 1839. He was educated at Oxford, and
Decame a Fellow of Brasenose College. His " Studies
in the History of the Renaissance," (1873,) 'hough an
elaborate, refined, and thoughtful work, has met with
severe criticism. His stand-point is that of the Epicu-
rean, and his plea is for " art for art's sake." Other
works of high standing are " Marius the Epicurean,"
(1885,) "Appreciations," (1889,) "Miscellaneous
Studies," (1895,) and " Gaston de la Tour," (an un-
finished romance, 1897.) Died in 1894.

Pa-ter'cu-lus, (C. VELLEIUS,) a Roman historian,
born' about 20 B.C. He entered the army in the reign
of Augustus, and became a military tribune. He served
under Tiberius, in Germany, as prefect or legatus, be-
tween 4 and 12 A.D., and gained the favour of the future
emperor. On the accession of Tiberius, in the year 14,
he was chosen pntur. He wrote a valuable historical
compendium, (" Historic Romanae,") the object of which
is to give a brief view of universal history, in connection

1, 5, u, y, iiing; a, c, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, y, short; a, e, i, g, obfcurc; far, fill, fat; met; not; good; moon ;




with that of Rome. He is considered impartial, except
where he speaks of Augustus and Tiberius, whom he
flatters extravagantly. His style is admired for clear-
ness, conciseness, and energy. He is supposed to have
died soon after 30 A.D.

See MOLLKR, " Disputatio de Vellejo Paterculo," 1685 : SPECK-
MT. "Dissertation de la Sinoiriti de Vellejus Paterculus," 1848.

Pat/er-son, (ARTHUR HENRY,) an English nov-
elist, born at Bowdon, Cheshire, in 1862. He dwelt
for a time in Kansas and New Mexico, and wrote
"The Better Man," (1890,) "The Daughter of the
Nez Perces," (1894,) " A Son of the Plains," (1895,)
"The Gospel writ in Steel," (1898,) etc.

Pat'?r-spn, (SAMUEL,) an English bibliographer, born
in London in 1728, was librarian to Lord Shelburne.
He published a "Universal Library," ("Bibliotheca
Universalis," 1786.) Died in 1802.

Fat'er-Bpn, (WILLIAM,) a banker and projector, born
in Scotland about 1658. He is the reputed founder of

trothal," "The Espousal," "Faithful Forever," and
"The Victories of Love." "His 'Angel in the House,'"
says Ruskin, " is a most finished piece of writing, and
the sweetest analysis we possess of quiet, modern do-
mestic feeling." He was assistant librarian of the Brit-
ish Museum from 1846 to about 1868. He also published
"A Garland of Poems for Children," (1862,) "The Un-
known Eros," (1877,) "A Memoir of Barry Cornwall,"
and "Amelia," etc., (1878,) "The Rod, the Root,
arid the Flower," religious poems, (1895,) etc. Died
November 26, 1896.

Fat'pn, (ANDREW A.,) an English traveller, born
early in the nineteenth century. He published, besides
other works, " Researches on the Danube and the
Adriatic." Died April 5, 1874.

Fat'on, (Sir JOSEPH NOEL,) a Scottish painter of high
reputation, born at Dunfermline in 1823. He obtained
a premium of 200 for a cartoon of " The Spirit of Re-
ligion," (1845.) At the Westminster Hall competition,

II til L HI SO. 11C 13 lilt I v. L/UI^U **juii\-iv \Ji cy ' !./_ . _ \ r L '

the Bank of England, established in 1694. He projected m 1847, he received a second-class prize (300) for his

the Darien expedition, and was one of the directors of "Christ bearing the Cross and "The Reconciliation

a company which planted a colony at Darien in 1698. of Oberon and Titania." Among his works which are

This enterprise was a failure. He was an advocate of finely finished are "Luther at Er fa rt .> and "Pursui of

free trade Pleasure," (1855,) which was sold for two thousand

guineas. He was knighted in 1867. His brother

See his " Life," by BANNISTER.

Pa'tey, (JANET MONACH,) an English contralto-
singer, born at London, of Scotch parentage, in 1842.
In 1871 she visited America on a concert tour, and
was favourably received. Died February 28, 1894.

Patlochi, pS-tek'kee, (ANTONIO,) an Italian painter,
born at Rome in 1762. He had a rare facility of in-
vention, and a superior talent for the imitation of the
great masters. Among his works is " The Translation
of Elijah." Died in 1788.

WALLER (1828-95) was f note as a landscape-painter.
Pa'tcm, (MARY ANNE,) a British soprano-singer, born
in Edinburgh in 1802. She was distinguished for her
precocity in musical acquirements, and when a mere
child appeared frequently in public. In 1822 she made
her debut on the operatic stage, and achieved a great
success. In 1824 she married Lord William Pitt Len-
nox ; but the union was not a happy one, and she obtained
a divorce in 1831. Shortly afterwards she married Mr.
Joseph Wood, a tenor-singer. Died July 21, 1854.

ceived with favour. Died in 1801.
Patrice. See PATRICK, SAINT.
Patricius. See PATRICK, SAINT, and PATRIZZI.
Pat'riok, [Lat. PATRIC/IUS; Fr. PATRICE, ] "

Patin, pa'taN', [Lat. PATI'NUS,] (CHARLES,) a phy-|' Paton ( R ICHARDi ) an English painter and'etcher,
sician and numismatist, born in Paris in 1633, was a son born about o He exce n ed j n nava ] battles and other
of Gui Patin, noticed below. He became professor of marine p i eces . Among his works is the " Defeat of De
medicine at Padua in 1677. He published, besides other Grasse f n 1784."

works, a " History of Medals," (1665,) often reprinted, p atr at, pftRa', (JOSEPH,) a French dramatist, born
and "Brass Coins of the Roman Emperors Described, at Afles jn He wrote corned i e s which were re-

(" Imperatorurn Romanorum Numismata ex Mte de-
BCripta," 1671.) Died at Padua in 1693.

Patin, (Gui,) a French physician and writer, distin- j

guished for his learning and wit, was born near Beauvais ' r!L vncif, i^-ai. TATKIV -us; n. J-AIKIV.H, H * ^" - .1
m 1601 or 1602. He became professor at the College de ! SAWT the apos tle and patron saint of the Irish, was
France, Paris, in 1654, and wrote several medical works. born at Bannevan> a sma n v ni age o f Tabernia, in Scot-
His reputation is founded chiefly on his Letters, (7 vols., ]an(J about ,j 2 A D He is supposed to have been one
1692,) which contain curious details, bon-mots, and anec- of th ' e first that preac h e d Christianity in Ireland. His
dotes. Died in 1672. : deatn ; s variously dated from 454 to 493. A " Confes-

See " Patiniana," 1703 ; REVEILLE PARISK, " Biographic de Guy s j on " or autobiography, supposed to have been written

^& t ^'SA'&^*<x^ tt ' I ^y ^ m n ; s n ^ r ant The Irish observe the I7th of March

Patio, (HENRI JOSEPH GUILLAUME,) a French writer %at'rick;"(SAMUEL,) an English philologist, was one

and critic, born m Fans in 1793. He was chosen to of tfae masters of the Charter-House. He published

supply the place of Villemam at the Sorbonne in 1830, editions of Hederich's "Greek Lexicon," (1727.) and

and succeeded Lemaire as professor of Latin poetry in Ainswortn ' s -Latin Lexicon." Died in 1748.
1833. In 1842 he was admitted into the French Acad- p atricl , (SIMON,) an eminent English divine, born

emy. His most important work is "Studies on the a( Gainsborou g n j n ,626. He became rector of Saint

Greek Tragic Poets," (3 vols., 1841-43.) Died in 1876. i p aul > Si Covent Garden, in 1662, Dean of Peterborough

Patino or Patinho, (JosE, or GIUSEPPE,) was ; jg^ Bishop of Chichester in 1689, and Bishop of Ely

born at Milan in 1667. He became minister of the m JOQI. He wrote a Paraphrase and Commentaries on

Patkul, pat'kal, (JoHANN REINHOLD,) a Livonian Pa'trie, (WILLIAM MATTHEW FLINDERS,) an emi-
patriot, born about 1660. He was condemned to death nen t Egyptologist, born at Woolwich, England, in
by the Swedish court for sedition or treason in 1 694, but jgcj. After explorations in England, detailed in
escaped, and entered the service of the Russian Czar, who , v c; tone henge," (1880,) he began explorations at
ent him as ambassador to the King of Poland. He ob- Gize h Esrypt' and at the mounds of Said and Nau-
tained in 1702 command of a corps which fought against | kra , is ' H j!; results were given in a series of " Me-
the Swedes. In accordance with a treaty dictated by . _. Years' Diccincs," (1892,) and



Charles XII. to the King of Poland, Patkul was de- ; - Dat Art," (1895, works of high

hvered to the former, and executed m 1707. | P Re js a]so edhor an ' d ^ ain yi au ; thor o , ,, A His-

: AnecdoteSC - '

tory of Ancient Egypt," (6 vols., 1895 et

Pat'more, (COVENTRY,) an English poet, born at Patrin, pt'tRaN', (EUGENE Louis MELCHIOR,) a
Woodford, Essex, in 1823. He published in 1853 " Ta- French mineralogist, born near Lyons in 1742
merton Church Tower, and other Poems," and in 1854-62 was elected to the Convention in 1 790, and voted for the
"The Angel in the House," in four parts, "The Be- , exile of the king. His chief works are a "Journey to

c as *; 5 as j; g AarJ; g as/; G, H, K,guttura!; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (B^=See Explanations, p. 23. )




the Altai Mountains," (1783,) and a "Natural History was instructed to defeat or hold in check the army of

of Minerals," (5 vols., 1801.) Died in 1815. General J. E.Johnston near Winchester, but he failed to

Patrix, pftReks', (PrERRE,) a French poet, born at effect this object, while Johnston marched to Bull Run

Caen in 1583 ; died in 1671. and decided the victory of July 21. General Patterson

Patrizzi, pa-tret'see, written also Fatrizi, [Lat. was, in consequence, severely censured by many. On

FATRig'ms,] an Italian historian, born at Sienna, be- the l8th of July, General Scott had written to him, " 1

came in 1460 secretary to Pope Pius II. Among his have certainly been expecting you to beat the enemy. ...

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 209 of 425)