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Middlesex, in 1825. He was in his youth a surgeon
in the royal navy. About 1848 he produced a treatise
"On the Anatomy and Affinities of the Family of the
Medusae." He succeeded E. Forbes as professor of
palaeontology in the School of Mines about 1854, and
became professor of physiology at the Royal Institution.
Among his principal works is a " History of the Oceanic
Hydrozoa," (1857,) "Man's Place in Nature," (1863,)
" Lectures on the Elements of Comparative Anatomy,"
(1864,) " Protoplasm ; or, The Physical Basis of Life,"
(1869,) "Lay Sermons, Addresses, and Reviews," (1870,)
"Manual of the Anatomy of Vertebrated Animals,"
(1871,) "Critiques and Addresses," (1873,) "American
Addresses," (1877,) and "Essays on Controverted
Questions," (1892.) In 1872 he was elected lord
rector of Aberdeen University, and in 1892 was made
a member of the privy council. Mr. Huxley was a
very popular lecturer, and stood in the foremost rank
among physiologists and naturalists. He favoured the
Darwinian theory. Died June 29, 1895.

Huydecoper, hoi'deh-ko'per, (BALTHASAR,) a Dutch
poet and excellent critic, born at Amsterdam in 1695.
He produced "Arsaces," (1722,) and three other trage-
dies, a good metrical version of the Satires, Epistles, and
"Ars Poetica" of Horace, (1737,) and other poems.
His " Essays, Philological and Poetical, or Observations
on Vondel's Dutch Version of Ovid's Metamorphoses,"
(1730,) are highly commended. "All that he has done
in this department," says the " Biographic Universelle,"
"is classical." Died in 1778.

Huygena or Huyghens, hi'gens, [Dutch pron. almost
hoi'Hens ; Lat. HUGE'NIUS,] (CHRISTIAN,) a celebrated
Dutch astronomer and geometer, born at the Hague,
April 14, 1629. He inherited the title of Lord of Zuy-
lichem. About the age of sixteen he went to Leyden,
where he studied law and mathematics under Vinnius
and Schooten. Soon after leaving the university, he
began to distinguish himself by his admirable scientific
discoveries and mechanical inventions. In 1651 he pub-
lished his "Theorems on the Quadrature of the Hyper-
bola," etc., and in 1656 discovered a satellite of Saturn
with a telescope of his own construction. In 1657 he
rendered important service to science and society by



improving the clock, being the first to apply the pendu-
lum to the measurement of time. Two years later he
published, in his " System of Saturn," a description of
Saturn's ring, which he had discovered with a telescope
of twenty-two feet focal length. These and other
successes had rendered him pre-eminent among the
contemporary savants and philosophers of all nations.
Newton was then a young student preparing to rival
or surpass him. The years 1660 and 1661 were passed
by Huygens in France and England. In 1663 he was
chosen a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. From
1665 to 1681 he resided in Paris, whither Colbert had
invited him in order to add Mat to the newly-founded
Academy of Sciences. In this period he demonstrated
the law of the impact of bodies, (1669,) wrote an elegant
treatise on Dioptrics, and published his great work
entitled " Horologium Oscillatorium," (1673,) dedicated
to Louis XIV. Besides the theory of the pendulum,
this work contains several very important mechanical
discoveries, among which are the fact that the cycloid
is the curve all the arcs of which, measured from the
lowest point, are synchronous, and the theory (without
demonstration) of the centrifugal force in circular mo-
tion, by which he made a near approach to those laws
ol gravitation afterwards proved by Newton. He has
the credit of inventing the spiral spring which is used
to regulate the balance of watches, which invention was
also claimed by Hautefeuille. In 1681 Huygens returned
to Holland, where he spent some years in constructing
a planetarium, and telescopes of enormous dimensions,
one of which had a focal length of two hundred and ten
feet In 1690 appeared (in French) his "Treatise on the
Cause of Gravity," and a "Treatise on Light," which is
esteemed one of his greatest works. It contains argu-
ments in favour of the undulatory theory, which was first
proposed by him and is now generally adopted. Died
In 1695. He left a work styled " Cosmotheoros," (printed
in 1698,) in which he advances bold speculations or con-
jectures on the constitution of the planets, which he
believed to be inhabited. Huygens was never married.
He loved retirement, and maintained a good character
as a man. He kept up a friendly correspondence with
Leibnitz and Newton, the latter of whom called him
" Summus Hngenius."

See "Vita Hugenii," prefixed to his "Opera Varia," 1724 ; COM-
DORCKT, "filoge de Huygens;" ERSCH und GRUBER, " Allgemeine
Encyklopaedie ;" MONTUCLA, "Histoiredes Mathematiques ;" DB-
LAMEKE, "Histoire de I'Astronomie modeme;" P. H. PEERLKAMP,
"Annotatio in Vitam C. Hugenii." 1821; M. LBMANS, "Lebens-
beschrijving van C. Huiigens:" DR. F. HOEFER, article in the
"Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Huygens or Huijgens, (CONSTANTIJN,) Seigneur of
Zuylichem, (or Zulichem,) born at the Hague in 1596, was
the father of the preceding. He acted with credit as
secretary to three successive princes of Orange, the last
of whom was William III. of England. He wrote Latin
epigrams, and other poetical performances, which were
received with favour. Died in 1687.

See his Autobiography, in verse, entitled " De Vita propria Ser-
mones;" BAYLI, " Historical and Critical Dictionary," (in Z ;) LONO-
FBI.LOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe ;" SCHINKBL, " Bijdrage to.
de Kennis van net Karakter van C Huijgens," 1843; "Fraser'i
Magazine" for May, 1854.

Huyghens, Hoi'Hens, (GOMARUS,) a Dutch Roman
Catholic theologian, born in Brabant in 163 1 ; died in 1 702,

Huyn, hoo'in, (LuiSE,) a German writer, born at
Coblentz, November 6, 1843. Her works are mostly
religious (Roman Catholic) tales, written under the
pseudonym of M. LUDOLFF.

Huyot, Au'yo', (JEAN NICOLAS,) a French architect,
born in Paris in 1780. He passed several years in the
Levant, exploring the ruins of Ephesus, Thebes, Athens,
and other cities. Died in 1840.

Huysman, hois'man, sometimes written Housemau,
(CoRNELis,) an eminent Flemish landscape-painter, born
at Antwerp in 1648. He worked mostly at Malines,
(Mechlin.) His colouring is praised by Descamps, who
also observes that he had a great talent for painting
mountains. Among his works is " The Disciples Going
to Emmaus." Died in 1727.

Huysman or Houseman, (JACOB,) a Flemish paintet
of history and portraits, born at Antwerp in 1656 ; died
in London in 1696.



a, e, I, o, u, y, long: 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; far, fall, fit; mJt; n6t; good; m<5on




TUDMAS HKNRY HUXLEY.



HUYSUM



1339



HYDER-ALEE



Huysum, van, vjn hoi'sum, (JACOB,) brother of Jan,
noticed below, was born at Amsterdam about 1680. He
excelled in flower-painting, and copied several of his
brother's works with accuracy. Died in London in 1740.

Another brother, JUSTUS, born in 1684, excelled in
battle-pieces, but died prematurely in 1706.

Huyautn, van, (JAN,) a celebrated Dutch painter,
born in Amsterdam in 1682, was a pupil of his father,
Justus. His favourite subjects were flowers and fruits,
in which he is thought to be unrivalled. His works unite
tasteful composition, richness and harmony of colour,
freedom of touch, and exquisite finish. His pictures
were often adorned with insects, dew-drops, birds' nests,
ttc. He had a peculiar art of preparing his colours,
which he always kept secret. Died in 1749.

Huysum, van, (JUSTUS,) THE OLD, a Dutch land-
scape-painter, born at Amsterdam in 1659, was the father
of the preceding. Died in 1716.

Hazard, M'ziR', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a noted French
veterinary physician, born in Paris in 1755. was a member
of the Institute. He wrote numerous able and popular
works on the veterinary art and rural economy, and he
had collected a library of forty thousand volumes per-
taining to his speciality. Died in 1839.

See PARISET, " filoge de Huzard ;" BARON SILVESTRH, " Notice
ur Huzard."

Hvergelmir. See NIDHOGG.

Hvitfeld, hvit'feld, (ARILD,) a Danish historian,
born in 1 549. In 1 586 he attained the dignity of senator,
and afterwards was chancellor of the kingdom. He wrote
a "Chronicle of the Kingdom of Denmark," which is
considered authentic. Died in 1609.

See KRAFT og NYHRUP, " Litteraturlexicon for Danemark."

Hwiid, hweed, (ANDREAS CHRISTIAN,) a Danish critic,
born at Copenhagen in 1749, was educated for the church,
and was skilled in Oriental languages. He published a
" Life of Cyrus the Great and the Younger," and several
commentaries on Scripture. Died in 1788.

Hyacinthe. See HYACINTHUS.

Hyacinthe, e'i'saNt', (CHARLES LOYSON,) PERE, an
eminent French pulpit orator, born at Orleans about
1828. He became a Carmelite monk, preached for some
time in Lyons, and removed about 1865 to Paris, where
his conferences in the church of Notre-Dame attracted
much attention. In September, 1869, he published, in
a letter to the general of his order, a protest against the
ultramontane doctrines and practices of the Roman
Church, called forth by the Encyclical letter by which
the pope had convened a general council. This protest
caused a great commotion in the religious world, and
drew down upon its author the major excommunication.
In 1871 he was a member of the Old Catholic Congress
at Geneva, of which Dollingerwas the chief, and in Sep-
tember, 1872, he was married in London. In 1873 he
became curate of the Old Catholic Church in Geneva,
but resigned in 1874, when he went to Paris and estab-
lished there the Gallican Church.

Hy-a-cin'thus, [Gr. '"fwaveof; Fr. HYACINTHE, e'i'-
saNt',] a beautiful Spartan youth, beloved by Apollo, by
whom he was accidentally killed in a game of discus.
The poets feigned that Apollo changed him into the
flower called Hyacinth.

Hy'a-dei, [Gr. 'Yo<5ec,] Anglicised as HY'ADS, nymphs
of classic mythology, and daughters of Atlas. According
to the poetic legend, they were changed into stars, and
now form part of the constellation of Taurus. When
they rose and set with the sun, it was regarded as a sign
of rainy weather.

Hy'att, (ALPHEUS,) JR., an American naturalist, born
at Washington, D.C., April 5, 1838, studied at the
Maryland Military Academy, at Yale College, and at the
Scientific School of Cambridge, Massachusetts, where
he graduated in 1862. In 1881 he became professor of
zoology and palaeontology in the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology. His principal works are " Memoirs on
the Pol yzoa," (1868,) and "Guides for Science Teaching,"
besides many important scientific papers. His special
studies have been upon the lower forms of animal life.

Hy'att, (JOHN,) a Calvinistic Methodist preacher,
born in 1767, officiated in the Tabernacle, London. He
published several volumes of sermons. Died in 1826.



Hyb're-as, [TfSptof,] an eminent Greek orator, a
native of Caria, flourished about 40 B.c,

Hyde, (ANNE,) a daughter of Lord Clarendon, was
born in 1637. She was married about 1660 to the Duke
of York, afterwards James II. She was the mother of
Queen Mary and Queen Anne. Died in 1671.

See " Memoirs of Eminent Englishwomen," by LOUISA STIABT

COSTHLLO.

Hyde, (EDWARD.) See CLARENDON, EARL OF.

Hyde, (HENRY.) See CLARENDON, EARL OF.

Hyde, (LAWRENCE,) M.P., son of Sir Nicholas Hyde,
distinguished himself by his successful efforts in pro
moling the escape of Charles II. after the battle of Wor-
cester. The king passed one night in the house of
Lawrence Hyde's tenant, and thence was conducted by
Hyde to the sea-shore. Died in 1682.

Hyde, (LAWRENCE,) first Earl of Rochester, was the
second son of Edward, Earl of Clarendon. He was
in ultra Tory, and was the leader of the High-Church
party in the reign of Charles II. He became first com-
missioner of the treasury in 1679. At the accession
of James II., in 1685, he was appointed lord treasurer,
(prime minister.) Though extremely subservient to the
policy of the king, he was removed from office in Decem-
ber, 1686, because he would not turn Roman Catholic.
After the flight of James II., Hyde gave his adhesion to
William III. Died in 1711.

See MACAULAY, " History of England," vol. i. chaps, ii. and iv.,
ol. ii. chaps, vi., ix., and x.

Hyde, (Sir NICHOLAS,) an English judge, born in
1572, was the father of Lawrence Hyde, and uncle of the
first Earl of Clarendon. He was appointed chief justice
of the king's bench in 1626, and presided when Sir John
Eliot was unjustly condemned to prison. Died in 1631.

Hyde, (THOMAS,) D.D., a learned English divine, born
In Shropshire in 1636, became Archdeacon of Gloucestei
in 1678, professor of Arabic at Oxford in 1691, and regius
professor of Hebrew in 1697. He excelled in Oriental
languages, and was interpreter of the same to Charles
II., James II., and William III. From 1665 to 1701 he
was principal librarian of the Bodleian Library. He pub-
lisheda treatise on Chinese weights and measures, (1688,)
and one on "Oriental Games," (1694.) His principal
work, a " History of the Religion of the Ancient Per-
sians and Magi," in Latin, (1700,) displays a vast erudi-
tion, and for a long time had a great reputation. " The
variety and novelty of its contents," says Hallam, "gave
this book a credit which in some degree it preserves;
but Hyde was ignorant of the ancient language of Persia,
and is said to have been often misled by Mohammedan
authorities." ("Introduction to the Literature of Eu-
rope.") He wrote other works, and compiled dictiona-
ries of the Persian and Turkish languages. Died in 1703.

See " Biographia Britannica ;" WOOD, " Athena; Oxonienses."

Hyde de Neuville, hed deh nuh'vel', (JEAN GUIL-
LAUME,) a French politician, born in the department of
Nievre in 1776. He was an active royalist during the
republic and the empire. After the restoration he acted
with the ultra royalists as a deputy in 1815, and was
minister to the United States of North America from 1816
to 1821. He was minister of the marine in the Mar-
tignac cabinet for a short time in 1828. Died in 1857.

Hyder, the German of HYDRA, which see.

Hyder-Alee or Hyder- Ali, hl'der S'lee, [sometimes
written, in French, HAIDER-ALI,] a celebrated Hindoo
prince, born about 1718, entered the army of the Rajah
of Mysore. His military talents procured his promotion
to the command of an army, with which he captured Ban-
galore and fought against the Mahrattas. About 1759, by
a bold and successful coup tfttat, he obtained the chief
power in Mysore, leaving his former master the title of
rajah and a pension. The English, alarmed by his en-
croachments, formed a league with the Mahrattas against
him, (1766.) In the war that ensued, Hyder gained such
advantages that the English sued for peace and entered
into alliance with him, (1769.) In 1771 he was defeated
by the piratical Mahrattas, the English having failed
to aid him according to the treaty. Having made an
alliance with the French and the Mahrattas against the
English, he suddenly invaded the Carnatic in 1780, took
several fortresses, defeated some detachments, and rav-



f. as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, Vi, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23. <



HYDRA



1340



HYPERIUS



ged the country almost to the walls of Madras. In
1782 he was defeated by Sir Eyre Coote at Porto Novo,
and died in the same year, leaving his throne to his son,
Tippoo Sahib. Hyder was a Mussulman. He is reputed
the most able enemy the British have had to contend
with in India.

See MF.HK HUSSKIN ALI KHAN K.IRMAIN, " History of Hyder Ah','



d'Hvder

'i Chute de i'Empirede Mysore," etc, 2 vols.. 1801.

Hy'dra, [Gr. T6pa; Fr. HYDRE, edR ; Ger. HYDER,
nee'der; It. IDRA, ee'dRa,] a monster which infested the
Lernean marsh and was destroyed by Hercules. It was
said to have had nine heads. (See HERCULES.)

Hydre. See HYDRA.

Hy-ge'ia or Hy-gl-ei'a, [Gr. "Tyicui; Fr. HYGIE,
e'zhe', or H'YGEE, e'zhi',] written also Hygea or Hygia,
the goddess of health, in Greek mythology, said to be the
daughter of Asclepias. She was represented as holding
a cup in one hand, and in the other a serpent, drinking
from the cup.

Hygie or Hyg6e. See HYGEIA.

Hy-gi'nus [Fr. HYGIN, e'zhiN'] became Bishop of
Rome in 138 A.D., and died in. 142. He is supposed to
have been a Greek.

Hy-gi'nus or Higinus, (CAius JULIUS,) a Roman
grammarian, born in Spain or Alexandria. Originally
a slave, he was set free by Augustus Cxsar, who gave
him charge of the Palatine Library. He wrote a " Com-
mentary on Virgil," and other esteemed works, which
are lost Other works bearing his name are extant, viz.,
" Mythological Fables," and " Poeticon Astronomicon,"
but are supposed to have been written by a Hyginus
who lived at a later date.

See BUNTB, " Dissertatio de C. J. Hygini Vitt et Scriptii," 1846

Hyksos. See SHEPHERD KINGS.

Hylander, hii-lan'der, (ANDERS,) a Swedish Orien-
talist, born at Tunhem in 1750; died in 1830.

Hylaret, yie'Ii'r^', (MAURICE,) a French monk and
preacher, born at Angouleme in 1539, was a partisan ol
the League. Died in 1591.

Hy'las, [Gr. TfAof,] a favourite of Hercules, whom he
accompanied in the A rgonautic expedition. The Naiads,
enamoured with his beauty, drew him into the water, so
that he was lost to Hercules forever.

Hyll, hil, (?) (ALBAN,) an English physician, who prac-
tised in London with a high reputation. He wrote a
"Commentary on Galen." Died in 1559.

Hyl'lus, [Gr. T/Uof,] a son of Hercules and Dejanira,
was persecuted by Eurystheus, and after the death of
his father was the leader of the Heracli'dae. Aided by
the Athenians, he invaded Peloponnesus, and defeated
Eurystheus, whom he killed with his own hand.

Hy'mgn or Hy meuaeus, him-e-nee'us, [Gr. '"tuiiv or
"T/ievawf ; Fr. HYMEN, e'men', or HYMENEE, e'ma'ni',]
the god of marriage of the Greeks and Romans, was
represented as a handsome youth, crowned with flowers,
and holding a nuptial torch in his hand. According to
one tradition, he was a son of Apollo and one of the
Muses. Another account makes him the son of Bac-
chus and Venus.

Hymir, hl'mir, written also Eymer, [supposed to be
derived from Autnr, the " sea,"] the name of a great giant
mentioned in the Norse mythology as the owner of a
huge kettle, a mile deep, which Thor carried off, having
nrst placed it over his head, so that he was entirely
hidden by it. It was the same giant with whom Thor
went a fishing and caught the World-serpent

See THORPH, " Northern Mythology," vol. i. ; MALLET, " North-
ern Antiouities," vol. ii. Fable XXVII

Hy m'nl-a, [Gr. "fpiia ; Fr. HYMNIE, em'ne',] a sur-
name of Diana, under which she was worshipped in
Arcadia.

Hymnie. See HYMNIA.

Hynd'fprd, (JOHN CARMICHAEL,) EARL OF, a Scot-
tish diplomatist, born in 1701. In 1741 he was employed
with credit as ambassador to the Prussian court, and
in 1744 was sent in the same capacity to Russia. After
successful efforts to terminate the war of the Austrian
succession by a treaty of peace, he acted as envoy to



Vienna in 1752. In 1764 he was appointed lord vice-
admiral of Scotland. He died in 1767.

Hyiid'man, (HENRY MAYERS,) an English social-
ist, born in 1842. He wrote "England for All,"
(iS8i,) "Historic Bases of Socialism in England,"
(1883,) "The Indian Famine," (1887,) "The Com-
mercial Crises of the Nineteenth Century," (1892,) etc.

Hyne, (CHARLES JOHN CUTCLIFFE,) an English
novelist, born at Bibury in 1866. His works include
"The New Eden," (1892,) "Honour of Thieves,"
(1895,) "The Adventures of Captain Kettle," (1898,)
"Through Arctic Lapland," (1898,) etc.

Hyp.itia, hl-pa'sh^-a, [Gr. Tirana; Fr. HYPATIE,
e'pi'te',) a celebrated female philosopher and mathema-
tician, born at Alexandria in the latter part of the fourth
century. She was the daughter of Theon, and displayed
even greater talents than this famous mathematician in
the study of philosophy and the sciences. She pursued
her studies with great assiduity, often studying late in the
night. After having improved herself by travelling and
attending lectures at Athens of the most distinguished
teachers of philosophy, she returned to Alexandria,
where she was invited by the magistrates of the city
to tench philosophy. She favoured the Neo-Platonic
philosophy. She had many celebrated disciples, some
of whom embraced Christianity and cherished through
life feelings of friendship for her, although she con-
tinued to worship the heathen deities of Greece. She
was noted for her virtue, her beauty, her simplicity of
dress, her accomplishments, and her strength of mind.
Orestes, the prefect of Alexandria, admired her wisdom,
and often availed himself of her counsels. Cyril, the
Christian patriarch, and his fanatical monks, appear to
have regarded Hypatia as the principal supporter of the
old religion ; and at last their frenzy reached such a point
that they tore her from her chariot as she was going to
her school, and murdered her. This occurred in March,
415 A.D. The works of Hypatia were destroyed when
the Mohammedans burned the library of Alexandria.
Among these were a "Commentary on Diophantus,"
an "Astronomical Canon," and a "Commentary on the
Conies of Apollonius of Perga." The titles of all her
other works are lost

See TILLBMONT, " Me"moires ;" WBRNSDORP, " Quatre Disserta-
tions sur Hypatie :" CHARLES KINGSLEY'S historical romance entitled
" Hypatia."

Hy'per-bo're-ans, a fabled race whom the Greeks
placed (as their name indicates) in the far North, " beyond
the North wind." They enjoyed perpetual youth, and
lived in an earthly paradise separated from the rest of
the world by the Khipean Mountains.

Hyp6ride. See HYPERIDES.

Hy-per-i'deS, [Gr. 'YnrpciAiK or "fmpifyf ; Fr. HYP<-
RIDE, e'pi'red',] a famous Athenian orator, was the
son of Glaucippus, and a pupil of Plato. He was iden-
tified with the party that opposed Philip of Macedon.
After the battle of Chaerone a, (338 B.C.,) he proposed
to recall the exiles, to liberate the slaves, and to take
other vigorous measures, which were adopted, and pro-
cured peace on favourable terms. Having refused to
touch the gold with which Harpalus corrupted other
orators of Athens, he was chosen to conduct the prose-
cution against Demosthenes for his share in that trans-
action. Hyperides was put to death by Antipater in
322. Cicero ranks him next to Demosthenes ; and other
ancient critics agree that his eloquence was of the highest
order. Important portions of four of his orations were
discovered in papyrus in 1847 ar >d 1856.

Hy-pfr-i'on, (or hl-pee're-pn,) [Gr. Tirepiuv,] in
Greek mythology, the name of a Titan, a son of Uranus
and Ge, (or Terra,) and the father of Aurora and Helios.
In Homer, Hyperion is a name of the sun.

Hy-pe'rl-ua, [Dutch pron. he-pa're-us,] (ANDR4 GE-
RARD,) an eminent Protestant theologian, born at Ypres
in 1511. He was professor of theology at Marburg from
1542 to 1564. Among his works are " De Formandis
Concionibus sacris," (" On the Composition of Ser-
mons," 1555,) and " De Theologo seu de Ratione Studii
theologici," (" On the Theologian, or on the Method of
Theological Study," 1556.) Died in 1564.



a, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; mSt; not; good; moon;



HYPERMNESTRA



IBN-AL-A TSEER



Hy-perm-nes'tra, JGr. Tirtp/ivf/orpa; ft. HYPERM-
NESTRE, e'peRm'nestR'] one of the DANAIDES, which
see.

Hyp'sl-clei, ['Yi/*otX>7c,] a Greek mathematician of
an uncertain epoch, issuppcsed to have lived at Alex-
andria in the second century. He wrote a treatise
" On the Right Ascension of the Constellations of the
Zodiac," which is extant. He is regarded by some as
the author of the fourteenth and fifteenth books of the
" Elements" of Euclid. According to Delambre, he
lived about 146 B.C.

Hjfp-sip'y-le, [Gr. 'T^iTt''/^,] a queen of Lemnos,
who, according to tradition, saved the life of her father
when the other women of the island killed their husbands
and male relations. She was afterwards sold into slavery
by the Lemnian women.

See LRMFRIERB'S "Classical Dictionary."

Hyrcan. See HVRCANUS.

Hyr-ca'nus [Gr. Tpitavof ; Fr. HYRCAN, eRTcoN'j J,
(JoHN,) high-priest of the Jems, was the son of Simon
Maccabeus, whom he succeeded in 135 B.C. After the
death of Antiochus Sidetes, 130 B.C., he conquered the
Idumeans and destroyed the city of Samaria. Though
educated as a Pharisee, in the latter part of his life he
favoured their rivals the Sadducees. He died in the
year 103, leaving his office to his son Aristobu'lus.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 21 of 425)