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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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works is an " Account of the Councils of Bale and You have been at least his equal, and, I suppose, supe-

Florence," (" Summa Conciliorum Basiliensis et Floren- rior, in numbers." General Scott, however, appears

tini.") Died in 1496. not to have been aware of the actual strength of John-

Fatrizzi, [Lat. PATRIQ'IUS,] (FRANCESCO,) an Italian ston's army, which is now admitted to have been superior

philosopher, born in Dalmatia in 1529. He obtained a to that of his opponent in the field. General Patterson

chair of philosophy at Rome about 1592, and taught the was honourably discharged when the term of service of

philosophy of Plato under the patronage of Pope Clem- his troops had expired. D^ed August 7, 1881.
ent VIII. He was a zealous opponent of the doctrines Fat'ter-spn, (ROBERT HOGARTH,) a British author,

of Aristotle. Among his works are "Peripatetic Dis- born in Edinburgh in_i82i. He published "The New



cussions," ("Discussiones peripatetics," 1571,) and
"Military Parallels," ("Parallel! militari," 1594.) Died

in 1597.

See GiNGURNi, "Histoire LitteVaire d'ltalie ;" TIRABOSCHI,
" Storia della Letteratura Italiana."

Patrocle. See PATROCLUS.



Revolution, "(1860,) "Essays in History and Art," (iStJi,)
"The Economy of Capital," (1864,) "The Science of
Finance," (1867,) " The State, the Poor, and the Country,"
(1870,) etc., and was prominent as a conservative jour-
nalist Died December 16, 1886.
Patterson or Paterson, (WILLIAM,) an American



Fa-tro'cles, [Ilarpo/o^f,] a Greek statuary, mentioned statesman and jurist, born in New Jersey, or at sea,

by Pliny and Pausanias, lived probably about 400 B.C. about 1744. He was one of the delegates representing

Patroclea, a Macedonian general, was appointed New Jersey in the Convention which formed the federal

commander at Babylon by Seleucus I. about 312 B.C. Constitution in 1787. He was a United States Senator

He was commander-in chief of the army of Antiochus I. in 1789-90, and was Governor of New Jersey from 1791

about 280 B.C. He wrote a work on the geography of to 1794. In the latter year he was appointed a judge of

India, etc., which is not extant. the supreme court of the United States. He is said to

Pa-tro'clus, [Gr. Marpoii^af ; Fr. PATROCLE, pf- have been an upright judge. Died in 1806.
tRokl',] a Greek hero, a son of Mencetius, and the dearest Fat'te-spn, ( JOHN COLERIDGE,) an English mission-
friend of Achilles, with whom he fought at the siege of ary, a grand-nephew of the poet Coleridge, was born in
Troy. Having borrowed the armour of Achilles, he slew London, April i, 1827. He was educated at Eton, and
a multitude of Trojans, but was killed by Hector, aided at Balliol College, Oxford. In 1854 he went with Sel-
by Apollo. wyn as a missionary to New Zealand, and in 1861 was

Pa'tron, [Gr. IlaTpuv,] an Epicurean philosopher, consecrated Missionary Bishop of Melanesia, in which

lived at Rome, associated with Cicero, and was a friend capacity he laboured with great devotion. Having landed

ofAtticus. He afterwards went to Athens, and became on the island of Nukapu, he was murdered by the natives,

the head of the Epicurean school in 52 B.C. September 20, 1871. (See his " Life," by his cousin, C.

Fatru, pftRii', (OLIVIER,) an eminent French advo- M. Yonge, 1874.)

cate, born in Paris in 1604. He made some reforms in Patti, pat'tee, (ADELINA MARIA CLORINDA,) a popu-

forensic eloquence, and polished his style with minute lar operatic singer, of Italian extraction, was born in

attention. He had a high reputation as a critic, and has Madrid in 1843. She performed at New York in 1859,

been compared to Quintilian. In 1640 he was admitted and in 1861 made her first appearance in London, and

into the French Academy. The speech which he made became at once a distinguished favourite with the public,

at his reception became a precedent for all such occasions. She was received with equal applause in the chief cities

His works were published in 1681. Died in 1681. of the continent. Her voice is a high soprano. In 1868

Patte, pit, (PIERRE,) a French architect, born in Paris she was married to the Marquis de Caux, from whom she

in 1723. He wrote several works on architecture. Died was divorced, and in 1886 to Signer Nicolini.



I723-
in 1814.



Pat'ten, (SIMON NELSON,) an American econo- preceding, pei

ist, was born at Sandwich, Illinois, in 1852, and be- an d America,
came professor of political economy at the University of "JJ^ _ '
Pennsylvania in 1888. He published several works
on political economy, also "Theory of Social Forces,"
" Development of English Thought," etc.

Fat'ter-son, (DANIEL T.,) a distinguished naval offi-
cer, born in the State of New York, served in the war
of 1812, and in 1814 commanded the naval forces at New
Orleans. He received the thanks of Congress for the
part he took in the defence of that city. Died in 1839.

Patterson, (FRANCIS ENGLE,) an American general,
son of General Robert Patterson, noticed below, was
born in Philadelphia in 1821. He served in the Mexi-
can war, and, as brigadier-general of volunteers, fought
under General McClellan in 1862 in his campaign against
Richmond. He was killed by the accidental discharge
of his pistol in November of that year.

Patterson, (ROBERT,) LL.D., bom in Ireland in 1743,
emigrated to America, and was appointed in 1779 pro-
fessor of mathematics in the University of Pennsylvania, sylvama, was born at Quantico, Maryland, in 1850.
He became director of the United States Mint in 1805, , He went to Philadelphia, became comptroller of that



Patti, (C ARLOTTA,) an excellent singer, a sister of the
preceding, performed with success at concerts in Europe
She married, September 3, 1879, Ernest
Weimar. Died June 28, 1889.
Fat'tl-spn, (DOROTHY WYNDLOW,) better known as

well, Yorkshire, January 16, 1832. In 1864 she joined
the Anglican Sisterhood of Good Samaritans, and in
1865 was sent to Walsall as a hospital-nurse, where she
remained for the principal part of her life, though she
finally withdrew from the sisterhood in 1874. Died at
Walsall, December 24, 1878. The best account of her
life and remarkable labours is " Sister Dora, a Biog-
raphy," by Margaret Lonsdale.

Pattison, (MARK,) D.U., an English clergyman, born
at Hornby in 1813. He was educated at Oriel College,
Oxford, and in 1840 was made a Fellow of Lincoln Col-
lege. He was author of one of the once-famous " Essays
and Reviews," and published a life of Casaubon, (1875,)
" Life of Milton," (1880.) and other works. Died in 1884.

Pattison, ( ROBERT EMORY, ) ex-Governor of Penn-



and was also president of the American Philosophical
Society. Died in 1824.

Patterson, (ROBERT,) a general, born in the county
of Tyrone, Ireland, in 1792, emigrated to Philadelphia in
his youth, and became a merchant. He commanded a
division at Cerro Gordo in 1847. In June, 1861, he ob-
tained command of an army of about 2O,OOO men, which



city in 1877, and Democratic Governor of Pennsyl-
vania in 1882 and again in 1891, a notable fact in that
strongly Republican State.

Pat'tt-son, (WILLIAM,) an English poet, born in Sus-
sex in 1706; died in 1727.

Pat'ton, (frKANCis LANDEY,) D.D., LL.D., an emi-
nent divine, born in Bermuda, January 22, 1843. He



he moved across the Potomac on the 2d of July. He | was educated at University and Knox Colleges, Toronto,
i, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fat; mt; not; good; moon;



P ATT ON



1903



PAUL



and at Princeton Theological Seminary. After holding
various Presbyterian pastorates, he was called in 1872 to
be professor of didactic theology in the seminary at
Chicago. In 1881 he became professor in the Theologi-
cal Seminary at Princeton, and in 1888 was chosen presi-
dent of Princeton College. He published a "Treatise
on Inspiration," a " Summary of Christian Doctrine,"
" Doctrine of a Future Retribution," etc.

Fatten, (JACOB HARRIS,) an American author, born
in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, about 1820. He grad-
uated at Jefferson College in 1839, and at the Union
Theological Seminary in 1846. His principal works are \
"History of the United States," (1859,) "Natural Re-]
sources of the United States," (1879.) " History of the
American People," (2 vols., 1882,) "The Yorktown Me-
morial," (1882,) and "The Democratic Party, its History
and Influence," (1884.)

Patu, pJ'tii', (CLAUDE PIERRE,) a French dramatic
poet, born in Paris in 1729; died in 1757.

Patuzzi, pi-toot'see, (GIOVANNI VINCENZO,) an Ital-
ian theologian, born at Conegliano in 1700, was a Do-
minican friar. Among his wrrks is "Moral Theology,"
(7 vols., 1790.) Died in 1769.

Patzke, pats'keh, JOHANN SAMUEL,) a German min-
ister and poet, born near Frankfort-on-the-Oder in 1727.
He became a popular preacher at Magdeburg. He
published sermons, hymns, dramas, and a translation
of Tacitus, (6 vols., 1765-77.) Died in 1787.

Paucton, pok't6N', (ALEXIS JEAN PIERRE,) a French
mathematician, born in Maine in 1732 or 1736. He
wrote an excellent work named " Me'trologie, or a Treat-
ise on the Measures, Weights, and Coins of Ancient j
and Modern Nations," (1780.) Died in Paris in 1798.

Pauditz, pow'dits, (CHRISTOPH,) a painter, born in
Lower Saxony about 1618, was a pupil of Rembrandt.
He was patronized by Albert Sigismund, Duke of Ba-
varia. He painted history and genre. Died in 1646.

Paul, [Gr. IlatiAor ,- Lat. PAU'LUS ; Fr. PAUL, pol j
It PAOLO, pow'lo ; Ger. PAULUS, pow'lus ; Sp. PABLO, ,
pJ'Blo,] SAINT, the great Apostle of the Gentiles, origin- \
ally called SAUL, was a native of Tarsus, a city of Ci- \
licia. He was a Jew and a Roman citizen by birthright,
and a rigid Pharisee by education. He probably studied
Greek literature at Tarsus, which was then a celebrated
seat of learning, and he learned the trade of a tent-
maker. He afterwards received instruction in the law
from Gamaliel, an eminent rabbi and jurist at Jerusalem.
(Acts xxii. 3.) He became a zealous supporter of the
Jewish religion and a violent persecutor of the Christians.
The first passage of Scripture in which he is mentioned
is Acts vii. 58, narrating the death of the martyr Stephen,
to which Saul was accessory. During a journey from
Jerusalem to Damascus, about 36 A.D., he was miracu-
lously converted and ordained an apostle to preach the
gospel to the Gentiles. (Acts ix.) He went from Damas-
cus into Arabia, and had an interview with Saint Peter
at Jerusalem about the year 39, after which he preached
for several years in Syria and Cilicia. He passed a
whole year at Antioch, where he "taught much people."
About45 A.D. Saul and Barnabas departed from Antioch
on an extensive mission to the Gentiles. They traversed
the island of Cyprus, from which they passed into Asia
Minor, and Paul preached a memorable sermon at
Antioch in Pisidia. Though violently persecuted, they
converted many at Antioch, Iconium, and Lystra, and
returned in 47 A.D. to Antioch in Syria, where they
abode a long time. In the course of a second apostolic
journey he founded churches at Philippi and Thessa-
lonica, and uttered a remarkable discourse at Athens.
He also made many converts at Corinth, where he re-
mained a year and a half, and where he wrote the Epis-
tles to the Thessalonians. Much diversity of opinion
prevails among the learned about the date of the prin-
cipal events of his life. The divine origin of his doctrine
was attested by many miracles, by " signs, and wonders,
and mighty deeds." (II. Cor. xii. 12.)

After he had visited Jerusalem the fourth time since
his conversion, he commenced a third apostolic tour.
He laboured for about two years at Ephesus, and after-
wards revisited the churches of Macedonia and Greece.
About the year 59 he was again at Jerusalem, the popu-



lace of which assailed him, and would have killed him,
but an officer took him into custody and sent him to the
Roman governor Felix, at Caesarea. He was confined
in prison there for a long time, defended himself by a
noble and eloquent speech before King Agrippa, and
appealed to Caesar. He was taken by sea to Rome,
where he "dwelt two whole years in his own hired
house," and preached the gospel without hindrance. We
have no authentic record of his death ; but, according to
tradition, he suffered martyrdom at Rome about 66 A.D

"In perusing the history and writings of Saint Paul,"
says W. L. Alexander, " it is impossible not to be struck
with the amazing energy of thought and action by which
he was characterized. . . . Removed alike from the
extremes of fanaticism on the one hand and apathy on
the other, his whole life was a noble instance of the
consecration, on sound and elevated principles, of the
highest powers and the most indefatigable energies to
a work in which he had no personal interest apart from
that of his fellow-Christians. ... In his peculiar ca-
pacity as one of the founders of the Christian Church
and an inspired expositor of divine truth, he stands
without a rival in his claims upon our gratitude and rev-
erence." ("Encyclopaedia Britannica," article "Paul.")

See the Acts of the Apostles, chaps, ri., xiii.-xxviii. ; Epistles
of Saint Paul; NBANDBR, "History of the Church;" LKWINS,
"Life and Epistles of Saint Paul," 2 vols., London, 1851 ; CONY-
BHARB and HOWSON, '* Life of Saint Paul," 2 vols., 1850 : SCHRADBR,
"Der Apostel Paulus," 5 vols., 1829-36; HBMSBN, "Der Apostel
Paulus." 1850; BAUR, "Paulus," 1845; LUTZELBERGER, " Paulu*
und Johannes," 1830; ERNEST RBNAN, "Saint-Paul," 1869.

Paul [Lat. PAU'LUS ; It PAOLO, pow'lo] L, a native
of Rome, was elected pope, as successor to Stephen III.,
in 757 A.D. Died in 767 or 768. He was succeeded by
Stephen IV.

Paul LL, POPE, (PiETRO Barbo baR'bo,) a native of
Venice, and a nephew of Eugene IV., was born in 1418.
He succeeded Pius II. in 1464. He was unfavourable to
human learning, and suppressed an academy of literati
which was formed in Rome. He was the first who gave
the cardinals the privilege to wear purple. He died in
1471, and was succeeded by Sixtus IV.

See MICHEL CANBSE, "Vie de Paul II." 1740.

Paul IH, POPE, (ALESSANDRO Farnese far-na'sa,)
was born at Canino about 1466. He succeeded Clement
VII. in 1534. He approved the newly-formed order of
the Jesuits about 1540. To oppose the progress of
Luther, he convoked a council, which, after a delay of
several years, met at Trent in 1545. Before the last
date he excommunicated Henry VIII. of England. He
sent about 12,000 troops to fight for Charles V. against
the Protestant princes of Germany, and obtained for
his grandson, Ottavio Farnese, the hand of Margaret,
a daughter of the emperor. Paul protested against the
interim treaty of peace which Charles V. granted to the
Protestants in 1547. He died in November, 1549, and
was succeeded by Julius III.

See QuiRfNi. " Imago Pontificis Pauli III. ;" ONUFRIO PANVINIO,
"Vita Pauli III. ;" RANKE, " History of the Popes;" ROBEKTSON,
" History of Charles V.," vols. ii. and iii.

Paul IV., POPE, (GiAN PIETRO Caraffa ka-rif'fj,)
born at Capriglio about 1476, was elected pope in 1555.
He was intolerant and tyrannical. He quarrelled with
Philip II. of Spain, whose army under the Duke of Alva
blockaded Rome in 1557 and compelled the pope to
sue for peace. He refused to recognize Elizabeth as
Queen of England, and by his arrogant course promoted
the triumph of Protestantism in England. He died in
1559, and was succeeded by Pius IV., who put to death
two nephews of Paul IV. for their crimes.

See BROMATO, "Vita di Paolo IV.," 1748 ; RANKE, " History of
the Popes ;" ROBERTSON, "History of Charles V.," voL iii. books
ii and rii.

Paul V., POPE, (CAMILLO Borghese boR-ga'si,)
born at Rome in 1552, succeeded Leo XI. in 1605. He
was involved in a contest with the Venetians respecting
the trial of ecclesiastics by lay tribunals, the foundation
of religious houses, etc., and placed Venice under in-
terdict in 1606. The senate of Venice retaliated by
banishing the Jesuits. Through the mediation of Henry
IV. of France, a compromise was effected in 1607. He
died in 1621, and was succeeded by Gregory XV.



as A; c as s ; g hard; g as/; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: th as in this. ( JEF=See Explanations, p. ^^. )



PAUL



1904



PAULINUS



Paul [Russ. PAVT.OF, piv'lof) I, (Petrovitch, pa-
iRo'vitch,) Emperor of Russia, born in 1754, was the son
of Peter III. and Catherine II. After the assassination
of his father by order of Catherine, Paul was treated by
her with great severity, and deprived of all participation
In public affairs. He married Mary of Wiirtemberg in
1776. On his accession to the throne, in 1796, he dis-
tinguished himself for a time by his liberal policy towards
Poland, and in 1798 joined the coalition against France.
He sent an army under Suwarow (Soov6rof) to Italy
to fight against the French. (See SUWAROW.) In a fit
of caprice, he left his former allies, and attempted to form
a coalition against England, in 1800. His numerous acts
of folly and tyranny at length caused a conspiracy to
take his life, at the head of which was Count Pahlen.
Under pretence of compelling him to sign an abdicatior
of the throne, the conspirators forced their way into his
chamber and put him to death, (March, 1801.) His death
was not regretted by his subjects. He was succeeded
by his son, Alexander I. He left three other sons, Con-
stantine, Nicholas, and Michael, and several daughters.

See VON TANNENBERG, " Leben Pauls I.," 1804 ; P. R. Auct'is,
" Histoirr de Catherine II et de Paul I," 1813.

Paul, powl, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) Duke of Wiir-
temberg, a German naturalist and traveller, born at
Carlsruhe in 1797. He visited North America, the
southern parts of Europe, and Egypt, and made valuable
collections of objects in natural history. Died in 1860.

Paul, (GABRIEL R.,) an American general, born in
Missouri about 1814, graduated at West Point in 1834.
He served as captain in the Mexican war, (1846-47,)
and became a brigadier-general of Union volunteers in

1862. He was severely wounded at Gettysburg, July,

1863, losing both his eyes. Died May 5, 1886.
Paul, (SAINT VINCENT DE.) See VINCENT.

Paul [Sp. PABLO, pa'slo] de Burgos, (da booR'gos,)
or Paul de Santa Maria, (da san'ta mi-ree'i,) a Span-
ish bishop, born at Burgos about 1350, was converter 1
from fudsism to Christianity. Died in 1435.

Paul (or Paulus) [Gr. UotiAof] of Samoaata, [Fr,
PAUL DE SAMOSATE, pol de,h sfmo'zit',] a noted here-
siarch of the third century. He was chosen Bishop of
Antioch about 260 A.D., and soon provoked general
censure by his rapacity, arrogance, and affectation of
worldly pomp. He was also charged with heretical
opinions respecting the divinity of Christ, and was de-
posed by a council in 269. According to Epiphanius, he
denied the distinct personality of Christ By the favour
of Queen Zenobia, Paul kept possession of the church
at Antioch until about 272 A.D. His opinions were
afterwards maintained by a small sect called Pauliani.

Paul the Silentiary, a Greek poet, who was chief
of the Silentiarii in the palace of Justinian. He wrote,
about 562 A.D., a description of the church of Saint
Sophia at Constantinople, in verse.

Paul Veronese. See CAGLIARI, (PAOLO.)

Pau'la, SAINT, a Roman lady, noted for ascetic piety,
born in 347 A.D., was descended from the Scipios. She
was a disciple of Saint Jerome. Died in Palestine in 404.

Fanl'ding, (HlRAM,) an American rear-admiral, a son
of John Paulding, noticed below, was born in Westches-
ter county, New York, about 1800. He became a captain
in 1844, and arrested Walker the filibuster at Punta
Arenas in 1857. For this act he was censured by Presi-
dent Buchanan, who released Walker. In April, 1861, he
was appointed commander of the navy-yard of Norfolk,
and burned the shipping and other public property
which it seemed impossible to defend. The ships-of-war
had been scuttled before he took command there. He
commanded the Brooklyn Navy- Yard from 1862 to 1865.
Died October 20, 1878.

See HEADLKY, "Farragut and our Naval Commanders," 1867:
GREBLEY, "American Conflict," 1866.

Paulding, (JAMES KIRKE,) a popular American novel
1st and miscellaneous writer, born in Pawling, Dutches*
county, New York, in August, 1779. He published in
1807, conjointly with Washington Irving, a series of
witty and satirical papers, entitled " Salmagundi," which
were greatly admired at the time. His satire entitled
"The Diverting History of John Bull and Brother
Jonathan" appeared in 1816, and was followed by "The



Backwoodsman," a poem, (1818,) "John Bull in America,
or the New Munchausen," (1824,) "Merry Tales of the
Three Wise Men of Gotham," (1826,) and "The Dutch-
man's Fireside," the most admired of his novels, (1831.)
His more recent works are a "Life of Washington,"
and the novel entitled " The Old Continental," (1846.)
Mr. Paulding was appointed in 1837 secretary of the
navy by President Van Buren. Died in 1860.

See GRISWOLD, " Prose Writers of America ;" DUYCKINCK, "Cy-
clopaedia of American Literature," voL it; ALLIBONK, " Dictionary
of Authors."

Paulding, (JOHN,) one of the American soldiers who
in 1780 captured Major Andre. A monument was erected
to him near Peekskill. Died in 1818.

Paulet, po'l', (JEAN JACQUES,) a French physician,
born at Anduze in 1 740. He wrote a good " Treatise
on Mushrooms," (2 vols., 1793,) and other works. Died
in 1826.

Paulet or Pawlett, (WILLIAM,) Marquis of Win-
chester, an English courtier, born about 1476. He held
a place at court in the reigns of Henry VIII. and his
successors. Died in 1572.

See his "Life," by ROWLAND BROUGHTON.

Paulett, (WILLIAM,) LORD, an English politician,
born in 1666, represented Lymington in Parliament.
Died in 1729.

Pauli, pow'lee, (GEORG REINHOLD,) a German histo-
rian, born at Berlin, May 25, 1823, was educated at Berlin
and Bonn. He was Baron Bunsen's secretary in England,
1849-52, became professor of history at Bonn in 1855, at
Rostock in 1857, at Tubingen in 1859, at Marburg in 1867,
and at Gottingen in 1870. Among his works are " Kbnig
Alfred und seine Stellung in der Geschichte Englands,"
("King Alfred and his Position in the History of Eng-
land," 1851,) a continuation in three volumes (1853-58)
of Lappenberg's " Geschichte von England," an edition of
Gower's " Confessio Amantis," and other works, chiefly
relating to English history. Died June 3, 1882.

Pauli, pow'lee, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a German his-
torian, born at Saalfeld, in Prussia, in 1723, became
professor of history at Halle. Among his works is
" Preussische Staatsgeschichte," (8 vols., 1760-69.) Died
in 1778.

Paul! or Faulli, powl'lee, (SlMON,) a German phy-
sician and botanist, born at Rostock in 16*3, became
first physician to Frederick III. of Denmark. He wrote
" Flora Danica," (1648.) Died in 1680.

Paulian, pole-oN', (AlME HENRI,) a French Jesuit,
born at Nimes in 1722. He wrote several works on
natural science. His "Dictionary of Physics" ("Die-
tionnaire de Physique," 3 vols., 1761) was often re-
printed. Died in 1801.

Paulin. See PAULINUS.

Paulin de Saint - Barthelemi See PAULINUS,
(JOHANN PHILIPP WEREDIN.)

Pau-li'uua, [Gr. HoiMivof,] Bishop of Tyre, was a
friend of Eusebius of Caasarea. He became Bishop of
Tyre before 313 A.D., and was translated to the see of
Antioch about 325. He was charged with being an Arian.

Paulinus OF ANTIOCH was a leader of the Eusta-
thian party. He was ordained Bishop of Antioch about
362 A.D. Meletius was at the same time the bishop of
the opposite party. Died about 388.

Pau-li'nua, an Italian missionary, sent by Pope Greg-
ory to England, is said to have converted King Edwin
of Northumbria. He became Archbishop of York about
627. Died in 644.

Fau-li'nus, [Fr. PAULIN, poliN',] (PONTIUS MERO-
Pius,) SAINT, Bishop of Nola, was born at Burdigala
(Bordeaux) about 353 A.D. He was a pupil of the poet
Ausonius, and became consul at Rome in 378. Having
been converted to Christianity, he renounced the world,
and was elected Bishop of Nola in 409 A D. He wrote
letters and poems, which are extant. Died in 431.

See F. A. GKRVAISB, "Vie de S. Paulin," 1743; RABANIS, "S.
Paulin de Note," 1841 : TILLKMONT, " Me"moires eccle'siastiques."

Paulinus, SAINT, Patriarch of Aquileia, born in
Friuli or Ausrrasia about 728 A.D., was noted as a zeal-
ous defender of the doctrine of the Trinity. Died in 804.

Paulinus, pSw-lee'nos, QOHANN PHILIPP WEREDIN,)



a, e, 1, 5, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, y, short; a, ?, i, o, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m4t; not; good; moop-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 210 of 425)