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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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PAULLI



'90S



PAUSANIAS



or Paulin de Saint-Barth61emi, a German Orien-
talist, was born at Hof, near Mannersdorf, in Austria,
in 1748. He was sent as a missionary to Malabar in
1774, and learned the Sanscrit language. He published,
besides other works, a "Sanscrit Grammar," (1790,)
and the " Liturgical, Mythological, and Civil System of
the Brahmans," (" Systema Brahmanicum liturgicum,
mythologicum et civile," 1791.) Died at Rome in 1806.

Faulli. See PAULI.

Faullini, powl-lee'nee, (CHRISTIAN FRANZ,) a Ger-
man physician and miscellaneous writer, born at Eise-
nach in 1643 ; died in 1712.

Faulmier de Grentemesnil, po'me-i' deh gRONt'-
m|'nel', (JuLiEN LE,) a Protestant French physician,
born in the Cotentin in 1520. He practised in Paris,
and is said to have cured Charles IX. of inability to
Bleep, (insomnia.) Died in 1598.

Faulmier, le, leh po'me-a', [ Lat. PALME'RIUS, ]
(JACQUES,) a French philologist, born in Auge in 1587,
was a son of the preceding. He served against the
Spaniards under Maurice about eight years, ^1620-28.)
He wrote " Exercises on the Best Greek Authors,"
(" Exercitationes in optimos Autores Graecos," 1668,) a
work of some merit, and a " Description of Ancient
Greece," (in Latin, 1678.) Died in 1670.

Faulmy. See ARGENSON, (MARC ANTOINE RENlS.)

Paulo, (MARCO.) See POLO.

Faulus. See PAUL.

Pau'lus was elected Patriarch of Constantinople, by
the orthodox or Homoousians, in 336 A.D. The Arians
at the same time elected Macedonius. Paulus was ban-
ished by the emperor, but was restored in 342, and was
supported by Julius, Bishop of Rome. He died in exile
about 350.

Paulus, pow'lus, (HEINRICH EBERHARD GOTTLOB,)
a German theologian, distinguished as the leader of the
old rationalistic school in Germany, was born near Stutt-
gart in 1761. He became professor of Oriental languages
at Jena in 1789, and subsequently of exegesis and eccle-
siastical history at Heidelberg. He was the author of
a " Philological, Critical, and Historical Commentary on
the New Testament," (4 vols., 1800-04,) " Exegetic
Manual on the First Three Gospels," (1830,) and other
similar works. He died in 1851. His wife, CAROLINE,
and his daughter, EMILIE, were also distinguished as
writers. The latter was married to A. W. Schlegel.

See BROCKHAUS, "Conversations-Lexikon."

Fau'lus, (JULIUS,) one of the most eminent of the
Roman jurists. The place of his birth is not known.
Having been exiled by Elagabalus, he was recalled by
Alexander Severus about 222 A.D. and appointed pre-
torian prefect. He was remarkable for fertility as a
writer and for the extent of his legal learning. The
excerpts from Paulus in the Digest are more numerous
than those from any other jurist except Ulpian. His
great work is " Ad Edictam," in eighty books. He also
wrote twenty-six books of " Quaestiones," and twenty-
three books of " Responsa." Died about 235 A.D.

See RITTERHUSIUS, " Vita J. Pauli ;" ERSCH und GRUBER, "All-
!,emeine Encyklopaedie."

Paulus, (L. /EMILIUS,) [Fr. PAUL-!IMILE, pol a'mel';
It. PAOLO EMILIO, pow'lo a-mee'le-o,] a Roman general
of a patrician family, was consul for the first time in
219 B.C. He was again elected consul for the year 216,
by the aristocratic party. Against his advice, his rash
colleague, Terentius Varro, offered battle to Hannibal
at Cannae, where iUmilius Paulus was killed, in 216 B.C.
His brave conduct on this occasion is applauded by
Horace. ("Carmina," Lib. L, Ode 12.) His daughter
EMILIA was the wife of Scipio the Great, surnamed
Africanus.

See LIVY, " History of Rome," books xxii. and xxiii.

Faulus, (Lucius /EMILIUS,) a son of the preceding,
was born about 230 B.C., and was the most celebrated
member of his family. He was a fine specimen of the
old Roman aristocracy, and was a brother-in-law of
Scipio Africanus, the conqueror of Hannibal. Elected
praetor for the year 191 B.C., he obtained as his province
Farther Spain, where he defeated the Lusitani in a great
battle. In the year 189 he returned to Rome, and in 182
was elected consul, after having been defeated at several



elections. With a view to finish the Macedonian war,
the people elected him consul in 168 B.C. He gained in
the same year a decisive victory over Perseus at Pydna,
and afterwards took that king prisoner. He returned to
Rome in 167, and obtained the honour of a triumph, with
the surname of MACEDONICUS. He died in 160 B.c
leaving a high reputation for honour and integrity.
Plutarch has written his life and drawn a comparison
between him and Timoleon. One of his sons was adopted
by the son of the great Scipio above named, and became
afterwards celebrated as Scipio Africanus the younger.

See LIVY, "History of Rome," books xxxiv.-xl. : PLUTARCH,
" Paulus jEmilius ;" AURELIUS VICTOR, " De Viris illustribus."

Paulus, pow lus, (PiETER,) a Dutch statesman, born
at Axel in 1754. He was president of the Assembly
which abolished the office of Stadtholder in 1795. He
wrote a "Memoir on Equality among Men," (1792.)
Died in 1796.

Fau'lus .SJgine'ta, (ej-e-ne'ta,) [Fr. PAUL D'EoiNE,
pol da'zhen',] a celebrated Greek medical writer, of
whose personal history little is known, except that he
was born in the island of yEgina. He is supposed to
have lived in the seventh century of our era. He trav-
elled extensively, and wrote several medical works, one
of which, called " De Re Medica Libri septem," is still
extant. It is mostly compiled from Galen and other
writers. The sixth book ("On Surgery") is the most
valuable and original part of the work.

See SPRHNGHL, "Histoirede la Me"decine ;" HALLHR, " Biblio-
theca Medica."

Paulus TFlmiliiia See EMILIO, (PAOLO.)

Fau'lus Di-ac'o-nus, [Fr. PAUL DIACRE, pol de'-
JkR',] (" Paul the Deacon,") a mediaeval historian, some-
times called WARNEFRIDUS, was born at Friuli (Forum
Julii) about 735 A.D. He passed some years at the court
of Charlemagne. He wrote Latin verses, and a valuable
" History of the Lombards," in a clear and elegant style.
Died about 798 A.D.

Paunce'fote, (JULIAN,) LORD, an English diplo-
matist, was born at Preston Court, England, in 1828.
He was called to the bar in 1852, served as attorney-
general and chief justice of the supreme court in Hong-
Kong, became under-secretary of state for foreign
affairs in 1882, minister to the United States in 1889,
and ambassador after 1893. He was raised to the
peerage as Lord Pauncefote in 1899.

Fau-sa'nI-as, [llavaaviaf,] a Spartan general, was the
son of Cleombrotus, and a nephew of Leonidas, who fell
at Thermopylae. In 479 B.C. he became guardian of his
cousin Pleistarchus, for whom he exercised the functions
of royalty for several years. He commanded the Greek
army which defeated the Persians under Mardonius at
Plataea in 479. In 477 the confederate Greeks sent out
a fleet under Pausanias, who captured Byzantium.
Having formed ambitious and treasonable designs, he
made secret overtures to the King of Persia. He also
offended the allies by his arrogant and domineering con-
duct, and was recalled to Sparta. His intrigues with
the Persian court were detected a few years later by the
Ephori, who ordered his arrest. He then took refuge
in a temple, where he died of starvation, about 468 B.C.

Pausanias, King of Sparta, was a son of Pleistonax,
whom he succeeded in /\/\/\ B.C., being then an infant
During the contest between Thrasybu'lus and the Thirty
Tyrants (403 B.C.) he intervened in favour of the former.
Died about 380 B.C.

Pausanias, a Greek traveller and author, who flour-
ished between 150 and 200 A.D. He is supposed to have
been born in Lydia ; but nothing is known respecting him
except what we learn from his writings. He was the au-
thor of a valuable "Itinerary or Description of Greece,"
('EJJiaiof nepui-)iiaif.) His description of places is minute
and accurate, but mainly relates to objects of antiquity
and works of art. If he mentions mountains and rivers,
it is chiefly for the sake of legends or myths connected
with them. He describes pictures, statues, etc. with
simplicity, and makes no pretensions to be a critic.
His work is the more highly prized for this reason.
" With the exception of Herodotus," says George Long,
"there is no writer of antiquity who has comprehended



; qzss; %fiani; gas/'/G, H,



., guttural; N,nasal; v.,trilltd; sasz; thasinM.
120



Explanations, p. 23.)



PAUSIAS



1906



PAYN



so many valuable facts in a small volume. The work of
Pausamas is full of matter, mythological, historical,
and artistic ; nor does he omit matters physical and eco-
nomical." His work has been translated into English
by Thomas Taylor.

See KOENIG, " De Pausanue Fide et Auctoritatein Historia," etc^
1832 ; SIEBELIS, " Qusestio in Pausaniz Periegetae Patria," etc., 1819.

Pausias J pau'she-as, [Tlavaiaf,] an excellent Greek
painter of Sicyon, flourished about 350 B.C. He was a
pupil of Pamphilus, and a contemporary of Apelles.
He excelled in painting in encaustic with the cestrum,
(graving- tool.) Pliny calls him "primum in hoc genere
nobilem." The favourite subjects of Pausias were small
panel-pictures, chiefly of boys. He was the first who
decorated the ceilings and walls of houses with encaustic
paintings. Among his master-pieces was "The Sacri-
fice of an Ox," in which the effects of foreshortening
and chiaroscuro were displayed with great success.

Pau'son, [riaiTOji',] a Greek painter of uncertain
epoch, is mentioned by Aristotle, who says that Polygno-
tns painted figures more beautiful than nature, Dionysius
represented them as they are, and Pauson made them
appear inferior to the reality.

Fautet, po't4', (JULES,) a French writer of prose and
verse, born at Beaune in 1799; died in 1870.

Pauthier, po'te-i', (JEAN PIERRE GUILLAUME,)
French Orientalist, was born at Mamirolle in 1801. He
published a French version of " Childe Harold," (1828-
30,) "The Four Books of the Moral and Political Philos-
ophy of the Chinese," (4th edition, 1852,) "La Chine,"
(1837,) a " History of the Political Relations of China
with the Western Powers," (1859,) etc. Died in 1873.
Pautre, Le. See LEPAUTRE.
Pauw or Paaw, (PiETER.) See PAAW.
Pauw, van, vin pow, (CoRNELis,) a Dutch writer,
born at Amsterdam in 1739, was a great-nephew of the
famous De Witt. He became canon of Xanten. He
displayed ingenuity and penetration in his works, among
which are " Philosophical Researches on the Egyptians
and Chinese," (2 vols., 1774,) and "Philosophical Re-
searches on the Greeks," (2 vols., 1788.) Died in 1799.
Many of his ideas are considered paradoxical.

Pauw, van, (JAN CORNELIS,) a Dutch philologist,
born at Utrecht. He published editions of Anacreon,
/Eschylus, and Theophrastus ; also notes on Pindar.
Died in 1749.

Pauwels, pow'elss, (FERDINAND,) a Belgian painter
of history, born at Eckeren, April 13, 1830. In 1876 he
was called from the Weimar Art School to Dresden as
professor in the Academy of Fine Arts. Many of his
pictures have scriptural or ecclesiastical subjects.

Favaka, pl'va-ka, [i.e. " purifying," or the " purifier,"]
one of the names of AGNI, which see.

Fav'5-n5 or Fav'an, [modern Hindoo pron. puv'a-
na or piiv'an,] written also Fawana and Fuwun, a
Sanscrit word, signifying "air" or "wind," and forming
in the Hindoo mythology the name of the god or regent
>f the winds, answering in several respects to the ^olus
of the Greeks and Romans. He was also regarded as
the regent of the northwest quarter of the heavens.
According to some, Pavana was the father of the cele-
brated monkey king, HANUMAN, which see.
See MOOR, "Hindu Pantheon."

Pavesi, pa-va'see, (STEFANO,) an Italian composer,
born at Crema in 1778. He composed many operas,
among which are "Tancredi," (1812,) and "The Her-
mit," ("II Solitario," 1826.) Died about 1846.

Pavie, pi've', (THEODORE,) a French Orientalist, bom
at Angers in 1811. He became professor of Sanscrit at
the College de France in 1852, published a "Voyage to
the United States," (1827,) and translated some works
from Sanscrit, Chinese, etc.

Pavilion, pi've'yoN', (TIENNE,) a French poet,
born in Paris in 1632, was a nephew of Nicolas. He
was admitted to the French Academy in 1691, although
his verses scarcely reach mediocrity. Died in 1705.

Pavilion, (NICOLAS,) a French prelate and Jansenist,
born in Paris in 1597, was appointed Bishop of Aleth in
1637. He produced a Ritual which was condemned at
Rome but was widely used in France. Died in 1677.

Pavilion, du, dii pi'veViN', (]EAN FRANC.OIS du



Chevron du sh|'r6N',) CHEVALIER, a French naval
officer, born at Pe'rigueux in 1730. He made important
improvements in signals, and wrote a " Treatise on
Naval Tactics," (1778,) which is commended. He was
killed in battle with the British near Dominique in 1782.

Pavius. See PAAW, (PIETER.)

Pavlof, Pavlov, or Fawlow, pav'lof, (NICHOLAS
PHILIPPOVITCH,) a Russian poet and novelist, born in
Moscow in 1802. He wrote lyric poems and dramas.
Died in 1854.

Pavon, pa-v6n', (Don JOSE,) a Spanish botanist, born
in the last century. He went about 1778 to Peru, in the
exploration of which he spent many years, and aided
Ruiz in the composition of a " Flora Peruviana et Chi-
lensis." Died in 1844.

Pawaka. See PAvAKA.

Pawana. See PAVANA.

Pawlett. See PAULETT, (WILLIAM.)

Fax, the Latin of EIRENE, which see.

Paz'ton, (EDWARD F.,) an American general, born
in Rockbridge county, Virginia. He served as brig-
adier-general of the Confederate army at Antietam,
September, 1862, and was killed at Chancellorsville.
May 2, 1863.

Faz'tpu, (Sir JOSEPH,) an English architect ana
gardener, born near Woburn, Bedfordshire, in 1803.
Having entered the service of the Duke of Devonshire
as a gardener, he remodelled after his own designs the
magnificent gardens and parks at Chatsworth, and
gained distinction as an architect by the erection of a
vast conservatory at that place. The Crystal Palace
built for the World's Fair of 1851 was designed and
superintended by Mr. Paxton, who was knighted for
this service. He was also the architect of the Crystal
Palace at Sydenham, which is much admired. He
published " The Cottage Calendar," and other works.
Died in 1865.

Fayd y Rico, pa-ya' e ree'ko, (MIGUEL,) a Spanish
cardinal, born at Benejama, December 20, 1811, was
made a bishop in 1858, Archbishop of Compostela in
1874, and cardinal-priest in 1877.

Fayen, p&'y5N', (ANSELME,) a French chemist, born
in Paris in 1795. He became professor of chemistry in
Paris, and a member of the Institute. Among his works
is a " Course of Elementary and Industrial Chemistry,"
(2 vols., 1831.) Died May 13, 1871.

Payen, (JEAN FRANC.OIS,) a French medical writer,
born in Pans in 1800 ; died February 7, 1870. He gave
special attention to mineral waters.

Payer, pt'yi', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French botanist,
born at Asfeld (Ardennes) in 1818. He obtained the
chair of botany at the Normal School in Paps in 1841,
and supplied the place of Mirbel at the Sorbonne, (1841-
48.) He was secretary to Lamartine in 1848, and became
professor of botany, etc., in 1852. His chief work is
a " Treatise on Comparative Vegetable Organogeny."
Died September 5, 1860.

Payer, pi'er, (JULIUS,) an Austrian explorer, born at
Schbnau, September I, 1842. He became an army officer,
and a professor of history in the military school. He
was later employed in geodetic work in the Alps. In 1869
he visited Greenland with Koldewey, and went to Spitz-
bergen with Weyprecht. He went in 1872-74 to Nova
Zembla and Franz Joseph Land on the steamer Tegethof.
His principal book is an account of the last-named
voyage.

Faykull, de, deh pi'kul, ? (GusTAF,) BARON, a Swed-
ish naturalist, born at Stockholm in 1757. He became
first secretary to the king in 1794, and marshal of th
court in 1815. He wrote monographs on Swedish cole-
optera, and several dramas. Died in 1826.

Payn, (JAMES,) an English novelist, born at Chelten-
iiam in 1830. He studied at Eton and Woolwich, and
^raduated at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1854. He
published "Stories from Boccaccio," "Poems," (1855,)
Lost Sir Massingberd," "Thicker than Water,"
(1883,) " A Modern Dick \Vhittington," (1892,) " In
Market Overt," (1895,) and many other works. For
many years he was the editor of "Chambers's Jour-
nal." His " Literary Recollections" ( 1885) attracted
much attention. Died in 1898.



a, e, 5, o, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u,y, skort;*,e, i, cj, obscure; far, fill, fat; mlt; not; good; moon;



PAYNE



1907



PEALE



Payne, pan, (JOHN,) an English engraver and de-
signer, born in London in 1608. He engraved portraits
with success. Died in 1648.

Payne, pan, (JOHN,) D.D., an American bishop, born
in Westmoreland county, Virginia, January 9, 1815, grad-
uated at William and Mary College in 1833, and at the
theological school near Alexandria in 1836, in which year
he sailed for Liberia as a missionary. In 1851 he was
consecrated Bishop of Cape Palmas, (Episcopalian,) but
he returned in 1871 to the United States, and died in
Westmoreland county, Virginia, October 23, 1874.

Payne, (JOHN,) an English poet, born in London,
August 23, 1842. In 1867 he became a solicitor. Among
his works are "The' Masque of Shadow," (1870,) "In-
taglios," (1871,) "Songs of Life and Death," (1872,)
"Lautrec," (1878,) a translation of the "Poems of
Francis Villon," (1878,) " New Poems," (1880,) " Francis
Villon: a Biographical Study," (1881,) "The Arabian
Nights," (9 vols., in prose and verse, 1882 tt seq.,) etc.
He also wrote, but never published, a translation of
Dante's "Divina Commedia."

Payne, pan, (JOHN HOWARD,) an American actor
ar.d dramatic poet, born in New York in 1792. At the
age of sixteen he made his first appearance at the Park
Theatre, in the character of " Young Norval," with bril-
liant success. He visited London in 1813, and founded
there a theatrical journal called "The Opera-Glass."
He was the author of several dramas, but he is chiefly
known by his beautiful and popular song of " Home,
Sweet Home." Mr. Payne was appointed in 1851 consul
to Tunis. Died in 1852.

See DUYCKINCK, "Cyclopaedia of American Literature," vol. ii. ;
'Monthly Review" for January, 1819.

Pays, (RENE LE.) See LE PAYS.

Fay'son, (EDWARD,) an American Congregational
divine, born in New Hampshire in 1783. He was the
author of a " Discourse before the Bible Society of
Maine," and a number of sermons. Died in 1827.

Paz, de, da path, (JAGO ALVAREZ,) a Spanish Jesuit
and religious writer, born at Toledo in 1560 ; died in
1620.

Pazmany or Fazmani, por'min, (PETER,) a Hun-
garian cardinal and writer on theology, born near Pres-
burg in 1570 ; died in 1637.

Pazzi, pat'see, (CosiMO,) an Italian prelate, born in
1467, was a nephew of Leo X., and a relative of Jacopo
Pazzi. He became Archbishop of Florence in 1508.
He translated Maximus Tyrius into Latin, (1517.) Died
in 1515.

Pazzi, (JACOPO,) was the head of a rich Florentine
family which was hostile to the Medici. He was one
of the chiefs of a conspiracy formed (in the name of
liberty) against them in 1478. The attempt to kill Lo-
renzo de' Medici having failed, Pazzi and his accom-
plices were taken and hung.

Peabody, pee'bp-de, (Rev. ANDREW P.,) D.D., an
American scholar and theologian, born at Beverly, Mas-
sachusetts, in iSn. He graduated at Harvard in 1826,
and subsequently studied theology at Cambridge. He
became in 1833 pastor of the South Congregational
Church at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and in 1854
assumed the editorship of the " North American Review."
rfe is the author of " Lectures on Christian Doctrine,"
(1844,) of which numerous editions have been published,
jnd "Sermons of Consolation," (1846 ; 3d edition, 1857.)
He also contributed to the "New England Magazine,"
"American Monthly," and "Christian Examiner." In
1860 he became preacher and Plummer professor of
Christian morals at Harvard, a position which he filled
with the highest credit to himself and the institution.
Died March 10, 1893.

See ALLIBONB'S "Dictionary of Authors."

Peabody, (ELISABETH PALMER,) an American edu-
cator, born at Billerica, Massachusetts, May 16, 1804.
In youth she began a remarkably successful career as a
teacher. Her principal writings are " Self-Education,"
(1828, a translation from De Gerando,) "A Record of
Mr. Alcott's School," (1835 ; 3d edition, 1880,) "Remi-
niscences of William Ellery Channing," " United States
History," (1859,) "A Kindergarten Guide," (1860,) a



" Manual of Universal History," and many pamphleti
and papers of much importance, chiefly upon educational
subjects. Died January 4, 1894.

Peabody, (EPHRAIM,) an American divine a id poet,
born at Wilton, New Hampshire, in 1807; died in 1856

Peabody, (GEORGE,) in American philanthropist,
born in Danvers, Massachusetts, in February, 1795, was
the son of poor parents. He engaged in trade in Balti-
more, and, after many years of prosperity, removed to
England in 1837. He became a banker and broker in
London, and amassed an ample fortune. His banking-
house was for many years the head-quarters of Ameri-
cans in London. About 1856 he gave $300,000 or more
to found a literary and scientific institute in Baltimore.
In 1862 he presented to the city of London ^150,000, to
be expended in the erection of lodging-houses for tha
working-classes, for which purpose he added .150,000
more in 1866. He also gave to Harvard University
$150,000 for a museum, etc., and in 1867 gave two mil-
lion dollars to found common schools in the Southern
United States. Died in London in 1869. His remains
were conveyed with great pomp to the United States
in the British ship-of-war Monarch.

Peabody, (NATHANIEL,) an American patriot and
physician, born at Topsfield, Massachusetts, in 1741.
He served as colonel of the army in 1778, and was sent
as a delegate to Congress in 1779. He filled several
other high offices. Died in 1823.

Peabody, (OLIVER W. B.,) twin-brother of W. B.
O. Peabody, noticed below, was associate editor of the
"North American Review," and in 1842 became pro-
fessor of English literature in Jefferson College, Loui-
siana. Died in 1847, aged fifty-seven.

Peabody, (Rev. WILLIAM B. O.,) an American poet
and Unitarian divine, born at Exeter, New Hampshire,
in 1799. He graduated at Harvard College in 1816,
and in 1820 became pastor at Springfield, Massachu-
setts. Besides a number of small poems, he contributed
many able articles to the " North American Review"
and the "Christian Examiner,". and wrote the "Life of
Alexander Wilson" in Sparks's " American Biography."
Died in 1847.

Peach'am, (HENRY,) an English writer, born in
Hertfordshire in the sixteenth century. He wrote, be-
sides other works, " Minerva Britannica, or a Garden
of Heroical Devises," (1612,) and "The Complete Gen-
tleman," (1622,) which was once popular.

See "Retrospective Review," vol. i., (1853.)

Pea'cock, (EDWARD,) an English author, born near
Brigg, in Lincolnshire, in 1831. He published vari-
ous novels, "Ralph Skirlaugh," (1870,) "John
Markenfield," (1874,) " Narcissa Brendon," (1891,)
etc., and many antiquarian works.

Pea'cock, (GEORGE,) an English mathematician, oorn
at Denton about 1790. He became professor of mathe-
matics at Cambridge, and Dean of Ely. He wrote seve-
ral works. Died in 1858.

See " Fraser's Magazine" for December, 1858.

Peacock or Pe'cock, (REYNOLD or REGINALD,) a
liberal English prelate, born about 1390. He became
Bishop of Chichester in 1449. Having questioned or
denied the infallibility of the pope or Church of Rome,
he was deposed in 1457. He was opposed to persecu-
tion for opinion. Died about 1460.

See REV. JOHN Lawis, " Life of R. Peacock," 1744.

Peacock, (THOMAS LOVE,) an English humourist and
poet, born at Weymouth in 1785. He wrote, besides
other works, " Palmyra," a poem, (1806,) "The Genius
of the Thames," (1812,) " Headlong Hall," a humorous
and satirical novel, (1816,) and "Crotchet Castle,"
(1822,) which are highly commended. In 1819 he was
appointed to a situation in the Examiners' Office at the
India House. Died in 1866.

See " Recent Humourists," in the " North British Review" fcr
September, 1866.

Peale, peel, (CHARLES WILSON,) an American painter
and naturalist, born at Charlestown, Maryland, in 1741.
He studied for a time in England under West, and,
after his return, settled in Philadelphia, where he soon
acquired a high reputation as a portrait-painter. He



as k; 5 as s g hard; g as 'V G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.



anations, p.



PEALE



1908



PECK



ifterwards formed in that city a museum of natural


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 211 of 425)