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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Rome, became pope in 555 A.D., after the death of
Vigilius. He died in 559 or 560, and was succeeded by
John III.

Pelagius II., POPE, a native of Rome, was born about
520. He succeeded Benedict I. in 578 A.D. He died
tn 590, and was succeeded by Gregory the Great.

Fe-la'gt-us or Pelayo, p4-la'yo, [Fr. PELAGE, p4'-
iJzh',] King of Asturias, was a descendant of the Gothic
kings of Spain. He fought with success about 718 A.D.
against the Moors, who had conquered the greater part
of Spain, and founded a small kingdom, which he left
to his son-in-law, Alfonso. Died about 738 A.D.

Pelasgue. See PELASGUS.

Pe-las'gus, [Gr. rifXaffyof ; Fr. PELASGUE, p4'ltsg',]
a mythical personage, supposed to have been the ances-
tor of the Pelasgi, the most ancient inhabitants of Greece.

Felavicino. See PALLAVICINI.

Pelayo. See PELAGIUS, (of Asturias.)

Felee. See PELEUS.

Pelet, peh-1^', (JEAN JACQUES GERMAIN,) BARON, a
French general, born at Toulouse about 1778. He
served with distinction as aide-de-camp of Massena in
Italy, Austria, and Portugal, (1805-12,) and commanded
a brigade at Waterloo. In 1830 he became a lieutenant-
general. He was appointed a senator in 1852. He
published " Memoirs of the War of 1809," (4 vols., 1824,)
and other able military works. Died in 1858.

Pelet de la Lozere, peh-14' deh li lo'zaiR', (JEAN,)
COMTE, a French legislator, born at Saint- Jean-du-Gard
in 1759, was distinguished for his wisdom and modera-
tion. He was elected to the Convention in 1792, and
to the Council of Five Hundred (by seventy-one de-
partments) in 1795. During the empire he was coun-
cillor of state. Died in 1842.

His son, PRFVAT JOSEPH CLARAMOND, born in 1785,
was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1827. He
distinguished himself as an orator of the Left Centre.
He was minister of finance in 1840. Died in 1871.

Peletier, pel-te-4', sometimes written Felletier,
(JACQUES,) a poet Imd mathematician, born at Mans, in
France, in 1517. He lived at many places, and followed
rarious pursuits. In 1572 he became principal of the
College of Mans. He translated Horace's "De Arte
Poetica" into verse, (1544,) and wrote original poems
of some merit. Died in 1582.

Peletier, Le, leh pel-te-4', (CLAUDE,) a French magis-
trate, born in Paris in 1630 or 1631. He was provost of
the merchants in 1668, and constructed the qua! in Paris
which bears his name. In 1683 he succeeded Colbert
as controller-general of finance. He found himself
unequal to the task of raising funds for a long war, and
resigned in 1689. Voltaire calls him a good and just
man. Died in 1711.

Peletier de Sousi, Le, leh pel-te-4' deh soo'ze',
(MICHEL,) a brother of the preceding, was born in Paris
in 1640. He spoke many languages, ancient and modern,
and wrote memoirs on medals and inscriptions. He
served as intendant of finance from 1683 to 1701, and
was chosen a member of the council of regency at the
death of Louis XIV. Died in 1725.

Feleus, pee'lus or pee'le_^js, [Gr. n^Arfif ; Fr. PELEF.



p4'14',] King of Thessaly, was a son of yEacus, and
married the sea-nymph Thetis, by whom he became the
father of Achilles. The marriage of Peleus and Thetis
is said to have been attended by *11 the gods and god-
desses except Discord. According to tradition, he took
part in the Argonautic expedition, but was prevented
by his great age from joining in the siege of Troy.

Pe'leus. [Fr. PILIEU, pe y le-yh',] (JULIEN,) a French
lawyer, born at Angers. He was appointed conncillor
of state and historiographer by Henry IV., and wrote a
" History of Henry the Great," (4 vols., 1616.) Died
about 1625.

Pelham. See NEWCASTLE, DUKE OF.
Pelham, pel'am, (HENRY,) an English statesman,
born in 1694, was a brother of the Duke of Newcastle.
He became paymaster of the army in 1730, and an op-
ponent of Walpole. On the defeat of Walpole, in 1742,
he obtained the office of chancellor of the exchequer. A
rivalry between him and Lord Carteret resulted in the
removal of the latter in 1743 or 1744, after which Pelham
and his brother were the chief ministers until 1754.
" Henry Pelham," says Macaulay, "was by no means a
contemptible person. His understanding was that of
Walpole on a somewhat smaller scale. Though not a
brilliant orator, he was, like his master, a good debater,
a good parliamentary tactician, a good man of business.
. . . For the first time since the accession of the Stuarts,
there was no opposition." Died in 1754.

Pelham, (HENRY FRANCIS,) an English historian
and educator, born in 1846. He became Camden
professor of ancient history at Oxford in 1889, and
president of Trinity College, Oxford, in 1897. He
wrote " Outlines of Roman History," (1890,) "The
Roman Frontier System," (1895,) etc.

Pelham, (THOMAS,) Earl of Chichester, was born in
or near London in 1756. He was elected about 1780 to
the House of Commons, in which he voted with the
Tories. He was home secretary from April, 1801, to
1803, and inherited the title of 'Earl of Chichester at
the death of his father, in 1805. Died in 1826.

Pelhestre, peh-listR', (PIERRE,) a learned French
ecclesiastic and writer, born at Rouen in 1635 ; died in
1710.

Pe-li'a-de, (singular, Pe'U-as,) a name applied to
the daughters of PELIAS, which see.

Pell-as, [Gr. Ue^a;; Fr. PELIAS, pl'le'Ss',] a son
of Neptune and Tyro or of Cretheus and Tyro, was a
brother of Neleus. He usurped the throne of lolcos
from orison, a son of Cretheus, and sent Jason to Col-
chis to bring the golden fleece. He was the father of
Acastus, Alcestis, and several other daughters. The
poets relate that Pelias was cut to pieces by his daugh-
ters, called PELIADES, at the instigation of Medea, who
promised to restore him to youth.
Pelides. See ACHILLES.

Pelissier, pa'Ie'se-4', (AMABLE JEAN JACQUES,) Due
de Malakoff, (deh mi'lfkof,) a French general, born
at Maromme (Seine-Inferieure) in 1794. He entered
the army in 1815, and served as aide-de-camp of General
Durrieu in the Morea in 1828-29. About the end of
1839 he was sent, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, to
Algeria, where he took part in many actions. He com-
manded the left wing at Isly, in 1844, and in 1845 fixed
an indelible stain upon his memory by suffocating a party
of Arabs in a cavern, at the mouth of which he ordered
a large fire to be built. In 1850 he became a general of
division. He was Governor-General of Algeria ad interim
in 1851. In January, 1855, he was ordered to the Crimea,
to command the first corps of the army which co-operated
with the British in the siege of Sebastopol. He suc-
ceeded Canrobert as general-in-chief on the i6th of May,
1855. A victory was gained by the allies on the Tcher-
naia in August, and the French carried by storm the
fort of Malakoff on the 8th of September. For this
success Pelissier received a marshal's baton in 1855, and
the title of Duke of Malakoff in 1856. He was ambas-
sador to England in 1858, and during the war in Italy
in 1859 he commanded the army of observation which
defended the eastern frontier. In November, 1860, he
became Governor-General of Algeria. Died in 1864.



as k; 9 as s ; g hard; g as ;; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (J^=See Explanations, p. 23.)



PELISSON



1912



PELLICER



Felisson. See PELLISSON.

Pell, (JoHN.) an eminent English mathematician, born
in Sussex in 1610, studied at Cambridge and Oxford.
He became professor at Amsterdam in 1643, and was
sent by Cromwell as agent to the Protestant Swiss
cantons in 1654. He returned home in 1658, became
rector of Fobbing, Essex, in 1661, and rector of Laing-
don in 1673. He published a refutation of Longomon-
tanus's discourse "On the True Measure of the Circle,"
("De vera Circuli Mensura," 1644,) an "Idea of the
Mathematics," and other works. It was to Pell that
Newton first explained his invention of fluxions. Died
in 1685.

See MONTOCLA, " Histoire des Mathe'matiques."

Fellat, pi'lf, (CHARLES AUGUSTE,) an able Fiench
jurist, born at Grenoble in 1793. He obtained the chair
of Pandects in Paris in 1829, and published several suc-
cessful works on Roman law. Died Nov. 14, 1871.

PeUegrin, peTgRiN',(SiMON JOSEPH,) ABB, a French
poet and dramatist, born at Marseilles in 1663. He
gained a prize of the French Academy for poetry in
1 704. His best works are " The New World," a comedy,
(1723,) and " Pelopee," a tragedy, (1733,) which were suc-
cessful. Died at Paris in 1745.

Pellegrini, pSl-li-gree'nee, (ANTONIO,) an Italian
painter of history, born at Venice in 1675. He worked
in England and Paris, and settled at Venice. Among
his master-pieces is "The Brazen Serpent" "He was
ingenious," says the "Biographic Universelle," "and
painted with great facility." Died in 1741.

Pellegrini, (ANTONIO,) an Italian cardinal, born at
Rome, August II, 1812, was created a cardinal-deacon
in 1877. Died in 1887.

Pellegrini, (CAMILLO,) an Italian historian, born ai
Capua in 1598. He spent much time in collecting an-
cient documents for the history of Italy, and published
a valuable "History of the Princes of Lombardy,"
(" Historia Principum Longobardorum," 1643.) Died
in 1663.

Pellegrini, (DOMENICO,) an architect and engraver,
born in 1541, was a brother of Pellegrino, noticed below.
He designed the palace de Magnani at Bologna, and
other fine edifices of that city. His etchings are prized
by amateurs. Died in 1582.

Pellegrini, (GIUSEPPE LUIGI,) an Italian poet and
Jesuit, born at Verona in 1718, was distinguished as a
pulpit orator. He published " Latin and Italian Poems,"
(" Poesie Latine ed Italiane," 1791.) Died in 1799.

Pellegrini, (PELLEGRINO,) called also TIBALDI, te-
bll'dee, an eminent painter and architect, born in the
Milanese in 1527. He studied in Rome, and appears to
have taken Michael Angelo as his model. He acquired
a grandeur of style which was less extravagant than that
of Michael Angelo. Among his best paintings are the
frescos in the Poggi Chapel, representing John the Bap-
tist baptizing, and other subjects. He was appointed in
1570 chief architect of the Duomo (cathedral) of Milan,
and designed the facade of that great Gothic structure,
which was commenced about 1387. His design was
censured by many artists, but was partially executed.
He worked for Philip II. of Spain in the Escurial, both
as painter and architect He died at Milan about 1595
or 1600.

See ZANOTTI." Vita di Tibaldi ;'* VASARI," Lives of the Painters ;"
QUATREMRRB DS QuiNCY, " Dictioimaire d' Architecture."

Pelleport, peTpoR', (PIERRE,) VICOMTE, a French
general, born in Haute-Garonne in 1773. He fought at
Jena, (1806,) at Eylau, (1807,) obtained the rank of
colonel at Essling, and the title of baron at Wagram,
(1809.) Died in 1855.

Pellerin, peVran', (JOSEPH,) a French numismatist
and linguist, born near Versailles in 1684. He became
commissioner of the navy in 1718, and chief clerk some
years later. He formed a cabinet of 32,500 medals,
which is said to have been the richest that ever belonged
to a private person, and published a description of them,
entitled " Collection of Medals of Kings, Nations, and
Cities," ("Recueil de Medailles de Rois, Peuples et
Villes," 10 vols., 1762-78.) He adopted an improved
ystem of classification. Died in 1782.



Pellet, pi'li', (JEAN FRANQOIS,) a French poet and
advocate, born at Spinal in 1782 ; died in 1830.

Pelletan, pel'toN', (EUGENE,) an able French littfra-
tear, born in Charente-Inferieure in 1813. His father
was a Protestant minister. He was connected with the
" Presse" and other papers, and wrote a number of pop-
ular works, among which are " The Profession of Faith
of the Nineteenth Century," (1853,) "The Pastor of the
Desert," (1855,) "The New Babylon," (1862,) and
" Elisee," (1877.) He was elected to the corps legislatif
in 1869, became a member of the provisional govern-
ment in September, 1870, and a senator in 1876. Died
in 1884.

Pelletan, (PHILIPPE JEAN,) a French surgeon of
high reputation, was born in Paris in 1747. He suc-
ceeded Desault as surgeon-in-chief of the Hotel-Dieu
in Paris, and was consulting surgeon to Napoleon I.
He lectured in Paris about thirty years, with such elo-
quence that he was called the " Chrysostom of surgeons."
Died in 1829.

See " Biographic Me"dicale ;" QURRAKD, " La France Litte'raire;*'
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale.

Pelletan, (PIERRE,) a son of the preceding, was born
in Paris in 1782, and was a distinguished physician. He
became professor of physique mldicale at Paris in 1823.
In 1843 he resigned this chair. He published a " Dic-
tionary of Medical Chemistry," (2 vols., 1823.) Died
in 1846.

Pelletier. See PELETIER, LE, (CLAUDE.)

Pelletier, peTte-i', (BF.RTRAND,) an eminent French
chemist, born at Bayonne in 1761. He became professor
of chemistry at the Polytechnic School in Paris in 1795,
and a member of the Institute. He wrote for the " An-
nales de Chimie," and made some important discoveries.
" He showed himself a man of genius," says Fournier-
Pescay, " in his researches on phosphorus and on its
combinations with metals." Died in 1797. His col-
lected works were published, under the title of " Me-
moirs and Observations," (2 vols.,) in 1798.

Pelletier, peTte-4, (CASPAR,) a Dutch physician and
botanist, was born at Middelburg ; died in 1659.

Pelletier, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French general, born
at Eclaron (Haute-Marne) in 1777. He became general
of brigade in 1809, obtained command of the artillery,
and served with credit at Moskwa, (1812.) Died in
1862.

Pelletier, (PIERRE JOSEPH,) a chemist, born in Pari
in 1788, was a son of Bertrand, noticed above. He dis-
played a rare talent for observation and analysis, and
discovered several vegetable salifiable bases. The im-
portant discovery of quinine (1820) was made by Pelle-
tier and Caventou, who was his associate. For this
service the Academy of Sciences gave him a prize of
ten thousand francs in 1827. He published a "Memoir
on Quinine," (1821,) and other works. Died in 1842.

Pelletier, Le, (JEAN.) See LEPELLETIER.

Fellew, (EDWARD.) See EXMOUTH, LORD.

Pel'lew, (GEORGE,) D.D., a younger son of Lord
Exmouth, was born in 1793. He became Dean of Nor-
wich in 1828. Among his works is "The Seven Ages
of a Christian Life," (1855.) Died October 13, 1866.

Pellican, pel'le-kan', [ Lat. PELLICA'NUS ; Ger.
KURSCHNER, kiiRsh'ner,] (CONRAD,) a learned Reformer
and biblical critic, born at Ruffach, in Alsace, in 1478.
He took the monastic vows, learned Latin, Greek, and
Hebrew, and became superior of the convent at Ruffach
about 1517. Having been converted to the doctrines
of Luther, he was appointed professor of Hebrew at
Zurich in 1526. He was intimate with Erasmus. Among
his works are Latin Commentaries on the Bible, (5 vols.
fol., 1534-38,) which are highly esteemed. "Pellican,"
says Richard Simon, "is more exact than the other
Protestants. . . . He aimed to be useful to his readers
rather than to display his rabbinage." He also published
a Hebrew Grammar. Died in 1556.

See "Chronicon Vitae ipsius ab ipso conscriptum," inserted in
MELCHIOR ADAM'S "Vita; Theologorum Germanorum ;" JOHANM
FABRICIUS, " Oratio historica de Vita C. Pellicani," 1608 ; SALOMOU
HESS, " C. Pellicans Jugendgeschichte," 1795.

Pellicanus. See PELLICAN.

Pellicer, pel-ye-thain', (TosE de Ossau di os-



*, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a. e, 1, 5, u, y,shor>; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fit; m?t; not; good; moon



PELLICER



1913



PEMBERTON



is extolled by De Thou and Turnebus. I
Pellico, pel'le-ko, (SiLVio,) an Italian



s<5w',j a Spanish historian, born at Saragossa in 1602 ;
died in 1679.

Pellicer, (JUAN ANTONIO,) a Spanish antiquary, born
at Valencia in 1738. He wrote " Ensayo de una Bibli-
oteca de Traductores Espanoles," (" Library of Spanish
Translations," 1778,) and published a good edition of
"Don Quixote," (1797.) Died in 1806.

Pellicier or Fellissier, pA'Ie'se-4', (GUILLAUME,) a
French diplomatist, born in Languedoc about 1490.
He became Bishop of Montpellier, and was employed
in important missions by Francis I. His vast erudition

Died in 1568.

poet, born at

Saluzzo, Piedmont, in 1788. lie became in 1810 teacher
of French in a college of Milan, where he formed
a friendship with Ugo Foscolo and Monti. He pro-
duced " Francesca da Rimini," a tragedy, which was
performed with great applause. In Milan he became
acquainted with Lord Byron, Madame de Stael, and
Lord Brougham. He was the principal founder of "II
Conciliatore," a literary periodical, first issued in 1818,
which was quickly suppressed by the Austrian govern-
ment. In October, 1820, he was arrested as a member
of a secret society, and in 1822 was condemned to im-
prisonment for fifteen years carcere duro. He was con-
fined in the citadel of Spielberg, at Bru'nn, in Moravia,
until August, 1830, and then released. He afterwards
wrote a narrative of his sufferings, entitled " My Prisons,"
(" Le mie Prigioni," 1831,) which excited great sympathy
and was translated into all the languages of Europe.
His prose treatise " On the Duties of Man" is praised
for its good morality. Died at Turin in 1854.

See L. DH LOMHNIE, "M. S. Pellico, par un Homme de Rien,'
1842 ; V. CHIALA, " Vita di S. Pellico." 1852 ; " Nouvelle Biographic
Ge'ne'rale ;" LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe ;" " Foreign
Quarterly Review" for April and October, 1833.

Pellisson, p^'le'siN', or PellisBon-Fontanier, p&'-
IC'SON' f6N'tt'ne-i', (PAUL,) a French author, born,
of Protestant parents, at Be'ziers in 1624. He wrote a
"History of the French Academy," (1653,) which ob-
tained such success that this society nominated him a
titular member and voted that he should be admitted
to the first vacant seat. In 1657 he became chief clerk
of Fouquet, minister of finance. He was confined for
four years (1661-65) m tne Bastille on account of his
connection with Fouquet. Having been selected by
Louis XIV. to write the history of his reign, he abjured
Protestantism in 1670, entered into holy orders, and
obtained several benefices. He wrote a " History of
Louis XIV.," (3 vols., 1749,) and other works. His
writings were more admired in his own time than at
present. Died in 1693.

See FBNBLON, " Eloge de Pellisson ;" VOLTAIKE, " Siecle de
Louis XIV."

Pelloutier, p&'loo'te-i', (SIMON,) a French historian,
born at Leipsic in 1694^ He became minister of a Prot-
estant church at Berlin in 1725, and a member of the
Academy of Sciences of that city in 1743. His chief
work is a " History of the Celts, Gauls, and Germans
from Fabulous Times to the Capture of Rome by the
Gauls," (in French, 2 vols., 1740-50,) which, says the
" Journal des Savants," " is extremely curious and agree-
able." Died at Berlin in 1757.

See HAAG, " La France protestante."



Pe-lop'I-daa, [ Gr.



, ] an eminent Theban



statesman and general, was a son of Hippoclus. He
inherited a large fortune, of which he made a liberal
use, and became an intimate and constant friend of
Epaminondas, who saved his life at the battle of Man-
tinea, (385 B.C.) As a leader of the popular party, he
went into exile when the Spartans made themselves
masters of Thebes, in 382. He was the master-spirit of
the small band of patriots who surprised by night and
expelled the Spartans and aristocrats from Thebes in
379 B.C. "It is not easy," says Plutarch, "to find an
instance so remarkable of the few overcoming the many,
merely by courage and conduct. . . . The war whicli
humbled the pride of the Spartans and deprived them
of empire took its rise from that night." Pelopidas was
chosen general-in-chief, and in 375 gained at Tegyras a
decisive victory over the Spartans, who then lost their



prestige of invincibility. He was captain of the Sacred
band at the battle of Leuctra, where he gained as much
honour, says Plutarch, as Epaminondas, the commander
in-chief. In 369 B.C. Pelopidas and his friend com-
manded jointly an army which entered Peloponnesus,
forced Argos and Arcadia to renounce the alliance of
the Spartans, and ravaged a large part of Laconia in a
winter campaign. (See EPAMINONDAS.) He acted as
mediator between two sons of Amyntas, King of Mace-
don, and carried as a hostage to Thebes another prince,
who was afterwards famous as Philip of Macedon. Having
been sent as ambassador to Persia in 367, he was re-
ceived with great honour by the king and courtiers, who
said, "This is the man who deprived the Spartans of
the empire of the sea and land ;" and he induced Ar-
taxerxes to recognize the liberty cf all the Greek states.
He commanded an expedition against Alexander, tyrant
of Pherje, in a battle with whom he was killed in 364 B.C.,
as he too rashly urged the retreating enemy.

See "Life of Pelopidas," by PLUTARCH, who compares him to
Marcellus, and says that Pelopidas was " inclined to every virtue ;"
CORNELIUS NEPOS, " Pelopidas ;" THIRLWALL, " History of Greece."



Pe'lops, [Gr.



Fr. PELOPS, pk'lops',] a demi-god



of Greek mythology, said to have been a son of Tanta
lus, a grandson of Jupiter, and a king of Pisa. Among
his children were Atreus and Thyestes, whose mother
was Hippodami'a, a daughter of (Enomaus. (SeeCENO-
MAUS.) The poets relate that Tantalus once entertained
the gods at his house, and offered them the flesh of
Pelops, whom he killed and boiled, that all the guests
refused to partake of that dish, except Ceres, who ate
one shoulder, and that Pelops was restored to life by
Mercury, with an ivory shoulder in place of that which
was devoured. Tradition adds that during the iege of
Troy an oracle declared that this city could not be taken
unless one of the bones of Pelops was brought to the
camp of the Greeks. According to another legend, the
Palladium at Troy was made of the bones of Pelops.
The southern peninsula of Greece is supposed to have
derived from him the name Peloponnesus, (or " island



of Pelops.")
Pelouze, peh-looz', (THEOPHILE JULES,)



a French



terary society which favoured the imitation
lodels. He wrote "The Death of Dido," a



chemist, born at Valognes (Manche) in 1807, was a pupil
of Gay-Lussac. He obtained a chair of chemistry at
Lille in 1830, soon after which he became the assistant
(suppliant) of Gay-Lussac in the Polytechnic School.
He was admitted into the Institute in 1837, and was ap-
pointed president of the Commission des Monnaies (or
director of the Mint) in 1848. His labours and memoin
place him in the first rank of contemporary chemists.
Pelouze and Fr^my published a "Treatise on Chem
istry," (6 vols., 1853-56.) Died in 1867.

Pels, pSls, (ANDREAS,) a Dutch poet, who founded a
school or literary
of French models,
tragedy, (1668,) and translated into Dutch verse Horace's
"Art of Poetry," (1667.) Died in r68l.

Feltan, de, deh pel'tan, or Pelte, pel'teh, [Lat. PEL-
FA'NUS,] (THEODORE ANTOINE,) a Flemish Jesuit, born
at Pelte. He wrote a " Commentary on the Book of
Proverbs," and other works. Died in 1584.

Feltanus. See PELTAN.

Peltier, peVte-a', or Felletier, (JEAN GABRIEL,) a
French journalistTborn at Nantes. He began to issue
in London, in 1800, "L'Ambigu," in which he attacked
Bonaparte with virulence. He was tried for libel in
1803, was defended in a famous speech by Sir James
Mackintosh, and was sentenced to pay a small fine.
Died in Paris in 1825.

Peluse, de, COMTE. See MONGE.

Pelzel, pelt'sel, (FRANS MARTIN,) a Bohemian his-
torian, born at Reichenau in 1735, wrote a "Historj
of Bohemia," (1774,) and other works. Died in 1801.

Fem'ber-tpn, (EBENEZER,) an able American divine,
born about 1672, preached in Boston. Died in (717.

Pemberton, ( EBENEZER, ) LL.D., an American
teacher, born in 1746. He was tutor at Princeton Col-
lege, and at Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts.
Died in Boston in 1835.

Pem'ber-tou, (HENRY,) an English chemist, anat-
omist, and geometer, born in London in 1694, was a



eas; gaas; ghard; gas/; G, H, K,gvttural; N, nasal; ^trilled; sasz; thasin//m. (Jl3f = See Explanations, p. 23.)



PEMBERTON



1914



PENN



pupil and friend of Boerhaave. He became a professor
of physic in Gresham College, (Oxford,) where he gave
lectures on chemistry, (published in 1771.) Among his
works are a " View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy,"
(1728,) and "Lectures on Physiology," (1733.) He
edited Newton's " Principia," (1726.) Died in 1771.

Pemberton, (JOHN C.,) an American general, born
in Pennsylvania about 1818, graduated at West Point
in 1837. He served in the Mexican war, (1846-47,) be-
came a captain, and resigned his commission in April,
1861. Having taken arms against the Union, he ob-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 213 of 425)