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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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tano Greco and Durante. In 1731 he produced a dra-
matic work called " The Servant Mistress," (" La Serva
Padrona,") which was warmly applauded. He devoted
himself chiefly to sacred music. Among his works is a
celebrated and pathetic " Stabat Mater," for two voices,
" Dixit Dominus," a motet, and " Salve Regina," a motet.
His death is variously dated 1736, 1737, and 1739.

See FBTIS, " Biographic Universelle dea Musiciens :" C. BLASIS
" Biografia di Pereolese:" TIPALDO, "Biosrafia degli Italian! illus-
tri :" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nerale,"

Peri, pa'ree, (GlACOMO,) an Italian composer, born
at Florence in the latter half of the sixteenth century
He composed the music of " Dafne," (1594,) and "The
Death of Eurydice," lyrical dramas. He entered the
service of the Duke of Ferrara in 1601.

PSr-I-an'der, [Gr. rUpiavopof ; Fr. PERI ANDRE, pi'-
re'flNdR',1 tyrant of Corinth, began to reign about 625
B.C. He is usually reckoned among the Seven Sages of
Greece, probably on account of his skill and success in
kingcraft. His rule was at first mild, but became severe
and arbitrary. It is reported that he consulted the tyrant
of Miletus in relation to the best mode of maintaining
his power, and that that tyrant answered by cutting off
the tallest ears in a field of corn. Periander followed
this advice by depressing the noble and rich. Died about
585 B.C.

Periander, pi-re-an'der, (GlLLES,) a Latin poet, born
at Brussels about 1545, wrote the "Mirror of the Owl,"
("Noctuae Speculum," 1567.)

Feriandre. See PERIANDER.

Pericaud, pi're'ko', (MARC ANTOINE,) a French
antiquary and biographer, born at Lyons in 1782. He
published works on the antiquities of Lyons, and wrote
articles for the "Biographic Universelle." In 1827 he
was made keeper of the library of Lyons. Died in 1867

PSrl-cles, [Gr. IlcpuMK ; Ger. PERiKLES,pa're-kl?s,|
an illustrious Athenian statesman, and one of the great-
est orators that ever lived, was a son of Xanthippus, who
defeated the Persians at Mycale. His mother, Agariste,
was a niece of Clisthenes. He studied various arts and
sciences under Damon the musician, Zeno of Elea, and
Anaxagoras. "The philosopher," says Plutarch, "who
gave him that force and sublimity of sentiment superior



a, e, T, 5. n, y, long : a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, f, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fat; met ;nflt; good; rmxtn.



PERICLES



1923



PERINGSKIOLD



to all the demagogues, who formed him to that admi-
rable dignity of manners, was Anaxagoras." He kept
himself aloof from public affairs for some years after he
had arrived at manhood. About 470 B.C. he began his
public career as the leader of the democratic party, and,
lest he should make himself too cheap among the people,
reserved himself for great occasions. He had a grace-
ful figure, a sweet voice, and complete self-command.
" Adorning his orations with the rich colours of philos-
ophy," says Plutarch, "adding the loftiness of imagina-
tion and all-commanding energy with which philosophy
supplied him, to his native powers of genius, and using
whatever he found to his purpose in the study of nature,
he far excelled all other orators."

He gained popularity by a law that the people should
enjoy theatrical amusements at the public expense, and
deprived the Areopagus of the judicial power which ren-
dered it a dangerous engine of the aristocracy, (461 B.C.)
About this date he used his influence to procure the
ostracism of Cimon, the leader of the conservative or
aristocratic party. Pericles displayed courage at the
battle of Tanagra, in 457, and proposed the decree that
Cimon should be recalled from exile. After the death
of Cimon and the ostracism of Thucydides, (444 B.C.,)
Pericles directed the government with undisputed su-
premacy. " He became sole master of Athens," says
Plutarch ; "he kept the public good in his eye, and pur-
sued the strait path of honour." He commanded in the
Samian war, which ended in the conquest of Samos in
440 B.C., and extended the influence of Athens by plant-
ing colonies at Chalcis, Sinope, Thurii, and other places.
He expended the public money profusely in the erection
of magnificent temples and monuments, which have
never been equalled as models of art and taste. Under
his auspices the Parthenon was built and was adorned
with the sculptures of Phidias. The age of Pericles was
the most brilliant period of Grecian art and dramatic
literature. He silenced those who murmured at his ex-
travagance in building, by an offer to pay the expense
out of his own purse on condition that his name alone
should be inscribed on the new edifices.

The foreign policy of Pericles was not less far-sighted
than his internal policy. He constantly opposed the
ambitious schemes of foreign conquest which the Athe-
nians were prone to entertain, and took effectual measures
to render the maritime power of Athens superior to that
of any other state. The long walls which connected
Athens with the sea, and protected it from the attack of
an army by land, formed an important part of his foreign
policy, continuing on a gigantic scale the plans of Themis-
tocles. This measure excited great alarm among the Spar-
tans and their allies. Under his administration Athens
became an imperial state, with an extensive list of allies,
partly free and partly tributary, and attained the maxi-
mum of her power. To subvert this power, the Spartans
organized a league and involved all Greece in the great
Peloponnesian war, which began in 431 B.C. The mova-
ble property of the Athenians was conveyed within the
walls of the capital, and, while the enemy ravaged Attica,
the fleet of Pericles made reprisals on the coast of the
Peloponnesus.

At the end of the first campaign, Pericles pronounced
a long and inimitable funeral oration on those who had
fallen in battle. "The eleven chapters of Thucydidea
which comprise this funeral speech," says Grote, "are
among the most memorable relics of antiquity, consider-
ing that under the language and arrangement of the
historian ... we possess the substance and thoughts
jf the illustrious statesman. . . . After a few words on
the magnitude of the empire, and on the glorious efforts
as well as endurance whereby their forefathers and they
had acquired it, Pericles proceeds to sketch the plan of
life, the constitution, and the manners under which such
achievements were brought about." (Chap, xlviii.)

In the second year of the war a great plague raged at
Athens. The people became so demoralized that they
deprived Pericles of command and punished him with
a fine. He had recovered his influence a short time
when he died, in the autumn of 429 B.C. " As a military
commander," says Grote, "though noway deficient in
personal courage, he rarely courted distinction, and was



principally famous for his care of the lives of the citizens.
His private habits were sober and recluse, . . . while
the tenderest domestic attachment bound him to the
engaging and cultivated Aspasia." (See ASPASIA.) To
use the language of a writer in the " Encyclopaedia
Britannica," "he wielded the powers of his majestic
intelligence and the stores of his spacious imagination
with consummate ease and mastery."

See PLUTARCH, "Lives;" THUCYDIDES, "History;" GROT,
" History of Greece," chaps, xlv., jclyi, ilvii., xlviii., and xlix. ;
KUFFNHR, "Perikles der Olympier; biographische Barstellung." a
vols., 1809; CLARISSE, "Vita Pencils," Utrecht, 1835; THULWALL,
"History of Greece:" F. you RAUMER, "Perikles und Aspasia,"
1810; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Fe-ric'ljf-tus, a Greek sculptor, of whom little is
known, lived probably about 420 B.C. He is mentioned
by Pausanias as a pupil of Polycletus.

Ferier. See PERKIER.

P6rier, pl're-^', (AUGUSTS CASIMIR VICTOR LAU-
RENT,) a litterateur, born in Paris in 1811, was a son of
Casimir, noticed below. He was elected a deputy in
1846, and sat in the Legislative Assembly of 1849. He
voted with the majority, and protested against the coup
fttat of December, 1851. He wrote for the " Revue des
Deux Mondes" on finance, etc Died June 6, 1876.

Purler, (CASIMIR,) a French minister of state, was
born at Grenoble in 1777. He became about 1800 a
partner of his brother Scipion in a banking-house, (in
Paris,) which engaged in large industrial enterprises and
was prosperous. In 1817 he was elected to the Chamber
of Deputies, in which he acted with the opposition. He
gave an active support to the popular cause in the revo-
lution of 1830, and succeeded Lafitte as prime minister
(president of the council) on the I3th of March, 1831.
He intervened with an army to aid the revolted Belgians,
but resisted the popular pressure which would have in-
volved France in a war against the allied powers for the
liberty of the Poles. Died, of cholera, in May, 1832.

See LoMimE, "Galerie des Contemporains ;" GUIZOT, "M-

loires;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" " Blackwood's Maga-
zine" for July and August, 1838.

F6rier, (JACQUES CONSTANTIN,) a French mechanician
and constructor of steam-engines, was born in Paris in
1742; died in 1818.

Perlers, des. See DESPERIERS.

F6riea, pa're'fc', QEAN VINCENT,) a French litttra-
teur, born in 1785. He produced a translation of the
complete works of Machiavel, (12 vols., 1823-26,) which
is commended. He wrote many notices of artists for
the " Biographic Universelle." Died in Paris in 1829.

Fdrignon, pa'ren'ydN', (ALEXIS,) a French painter,
born in Paris in 1806. He gained a medal of the first
class in 1844.

Perlgnon, (PIERRE,) a French monk, born at Saint-
Menehould about 1640. He was procureur of the abbey
of Hautvilliers, and is said to have rendered a great
service to Champagne by perfecting the quality of its
wine. He wrote a treatise on the culture of the grape
and the fabrication of wine. Died in 1715.

Ferignon, de, deh pa'ren'ydN', (DOMINIQUE CATHE-
RINE,) MARQUIS, a French general, born near Toulouse
in 1754. He became a general of division in 1793, suc-
ceeded Dugommier as general-in-chief of the army in
Spain, and gained a victory at Escola in November, 1794.
He negotiated a treaty of alliance with Spain at Madrid
in 1796. In 1804 he became a marshal of France. Died
in 1818.

Ferigord. See TALLEYRAND.

Perikles. See PERICLES.

P6rin, pi'raN', (HENRI CHARLES XAVIER,) a Belgian
economist, born at Mons in 1815, wrote "On Riches in
Christian Societies," (1861,) "The Laws of Christian
Society," (1875,) and " Christian Socialism," (1879.)

Feirin, pa'raV, (LIE Louis,) a French portrait-painter,
born at Rheims in 1753, excelled in miniatures. Died
in 1817.

Perin, (RENE,) a French littirattur, born in Paris in
1774. He wrote dramas, biographies, and other works.
He published " The Thoughts and Maxims of Rousseau,"
(1820,) and "The Thoughts and Maxims of Voltaire,"
(2 vols., 1821.) Died in 1858.

Peringskiold, pil'rings-chold', (JoHAN,) a Swedish



PCiaUiloi CUUliitiC) (1C ItllCiy lAf Ul tGU uiaviuv-.n'-'ii* out* i*w A w****o B ^ uv - nH l f ***'&-' "- ' \J **

eas k; 5 as s; g hard; g as/.- G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as ; th as in this. ( J^~See Explanations, p. 23.



PERINO



1924



PER ONI



antiquary, born at Strengnas in 1654. His original name
was PERINGER. He published "Monuments of Upland,'
("Monumenta Uplandica," 2 vols., 1710-19,) and other
works, of some value. Died in 1720.

Ferino del Vaga, pi-ree'no del va'gi, written also
Pierino (pe-4-ree'no) del Vaga, an Italian painter,
whose proper name was PIETKO BUONACCORSI, (boo-6n-
ik-kor'see,) was born in Tuscany in 1500 or 1501. He
was a pupil of Raphael, whom he assisted in the decora-
tion of the Vatican. According to Vasari, he was the
greatest designer of the Florentine school after Michael
Angelo. About 1528 he removed from Rome to Genoa,
where he painted admirable frescos in the palace of Ad-
miral Doria. Among his works are "The Creation of
Eve," a fresco, a "Holy Family," (in oil,) and "The
Combat of Horatius Codes." Died at Rome in 1547.

Perion, pa're'oN', (JOACHIM,) a French monk and
linguist, born in Touraine about 1500. He wrote "The
Lives of the Apostles," (1551,) and translated the works
of Aristotle, (7 vols., 1540-59.) Died in 1559.

PSr'it, (PELATIAH,) an American merchant, born at
Norwich, Connecticut, in 1785. He settled in the city
of New York in 1809, acquired a fortune by trade, and
became president of the chamber of commerce in 1853.
He was distinguished for active benevolence. Died in
March, 1864.

_PerizoniuB, pa-re-ro'ne-us, (JAMES Voorbroek
ToR'bRook,) an eminent Dutch philologist and critic,
born at Dam, in the province of Groningen, in October,
1651. He studied under Grsevius at Leyden, became
rector of the gymnasium of Delft in 1674, and professor
of history, etc at Franeker in 1681. In 1685 he pub-
lished an excellent critical work on the ancient writers
of Roman history, entitled " Animadversiones Histori-
cae," etc. He was professor of history and the Greek
language at Leyden from 1693 to 1715, and wrote many
dissertations on classical subjects. Died in 1715.

Fer'kin, (WILLIAM HENRY,) an English chemist,
born at London in 1838. He won fame by the dis-
covery of the first aniline colour, mauve, or aniline
purple. Other coal-tar colours were discovered by
him, and he made other important chemical discoveries.

Fer'kinS, (CHARLES CALLAHAN,) an American art-
critic, born in Boston, Massachusetts, March i, 1823.
He graduated at Harvard College in 1843. His prin-
cipal works are "Tuscan Sculptors," (1864,) "Italian
Sculptors," (1868,) " Raphael and Michelangelo," (1878,)
" Sepulchral Monuments in Italy," (1883,) " History of the
Handel and Havdn Society," (ist part, 1883,) and "Life
and Works of Ghiberti," (1883.) He was president of the
Boston Art Club and of the Handel and Haydn Society,
a member of the legion of honour, and a corresponding
member of the French Institute. Died Aug. 25, 1886.

Per'kina, (EusHA,) an American physician, known
is the inventor of the " Metallic Tractors," was born in
Connecticut in 1740. He practised at Plainfield, Con-
necticut His metallic tractors, and his system, called
Perkinism, were in high repute for a time, but soon
sunk into neglect. He died in 1799.

Perkins, (GEORGE ROBERTS,) LL.D., an American
mathematician and astronomer, born in Otsego county,
New York, in 1812, was appointed in 1858 deputy State
engineer and surveyor of the State of New York. He
published, among other works, a " Treatise on Alge-
bra," (1841,) "Elements of Geometry," (1847,) "Trigo-
nometry and Surveying," (1851,) and " Plane and Solid
Geometry." He died August 22, 1876.

Perkins, (JACOB,) an American mechanician and in-
ventor, born at Newburyport, Massachusetts, in 1766.
Among his principal inventions are a machine for cut-
ting and heading nails at once, a gun in which steam
was successfully used for propelling instead of powder,
the bathometer, for measuring the depth of water, and
the pleometer, to mark the speed with which a vessel
moves. He also substituted steel for copper plates in
engraving bank-notes. Died in 1849.

Perkins, (JAMES BKECK,) an American author,
born at St. Croix, Wisconsin, in 1847. He published
"France under Richelieu and Mazarin," "France
under the Regency," and " France under Louis XV."



Perkins, (JUSTIN,) D.D., an American clergyman,
born at West Springfield, Massachusetts, March 12, 1805.
He graduated at Amherst College in 1829, and studied
in Andover Theological Seminary. He was ordained to
the Congregationalist ministry, and for thirty-six years
(1833-69) was a missionary to the Nestorians in and neai
Ooroomeeyah, in Persia. Among his works are a trans-
lation of the Bible into the modern Nestorian dialect of
the Syriac, " A Residence of Eight Years in Persia,"
(1843,) " Missionary Life in Persia," (1861,) etc. Died
at Chicopee, Massachusetts, December 31, 1869.

Perkins, (NATHAN,) an American theologian, born
at Norwich, Connecticut, in 1749. He served as min-
ister at West Hartford about sixty-five years. He pub-
lished a volume of Sermons, (1795,) and other works
Died in 1838, aged eighty-eight

Perkins, (SiMON,) an American general, born at
Norwich, Connecticut, about 1770. He served in the
war of 1812-14. Died in Warren, Ohio, in 1844.

parkins (THOMAS HANDASYD,) a wealthy American
merchant, born at Boston in 1764. He gave his house
and grounds on Pearl Street, Boston, valued at fifty
thousand dollars, for the Massachusetts Asylum for the
Blind, called also the Perkins Institution. He likewise
gave large sums to the Boston Athenaeum and General
Hospital. Died in 1854.

Per'kins,( WILLIAM,) an eminent English Calvinistic
divine, born at Marston, in Warwickshire, in 1558. He
preached in Saint Andrew's, a parish of Cambridge.
Among his works, which were highly praised by Bishop
Hall, are " Foundation of the Christian Religion," and
commentaries on several books of the New Testament
Died in 1602. His works were translated into French,
German, Italian, and Spanish.

Perkins, (WILLIAM,) an Englishman, celebrated for
longevity, died in New Hampshire in 1732, at the age of
one hundred and sixteen years.

Permoser, peR'mo-zer, ( BALTHASAR, ) a German
sculptor, born at Kammer, in Bavaria, in 1651. He
worked for the King of Prussia at Berlin, from which he
removed to Dresden in 1710. Among his works are an
" Ecce Homo," and a statue of Prince Eugene. Died
in 1732.

Ferae, peRn, (FRANCOIS Louis,) a French musician,
born in Paris in 1772. He wis appointed inspector-
general of the Conservatory in 1816. He wrote on the
musical notation of the Greeks. Died in 1832.

Pernetti, peVni'te', or Fernety, pern'te', (JACQUES,)
a French priest and mediocre writer, born in Forez in
1696; died in 1777.

Fernety, peRn'te', (ANTOINE JOSEPH,) a French
litterateur, born at Roanne in 1716. He became libra-
rian of Frederick the Great some time after 1766, and
returned to France in 1783. He published, besides
other works, a " Dictionary of Painting, Sculpture, and
Engraving," (1757,) and a "Voyage to the Falkland
Islands," (2 vols., 1769.) Died in 1801.

Fernety, (JOSEPH MARIE,) VICOMTE, a French gene-
ral, born at Lyons in 1766. He served as colonel at
Austerlitz and Jena. As general of division, he con-
tributed to the victories of Wagram, Borodino, (1812,)
and Dresden, (1813.) Died in 1856.

Pernot, peR'no , (ALEXANDRE FRANCOIS,) a French
landscape-painter, born at Vassy (Haute-Marne) in 1793.
He gained a first medal in 1819. Died in 1865.

Perofski or Perowski, pl-rov'skee, (LEON ALEXIR-
VITCH,) a Russian general and politician, born in 1791.
He became minister of the interior in 1841, and was
Dlaced at the head of the Council of the Empire aboul
1852. Died in 1856.

Peron, pa'r6N', (FRANC.OIS,) a French naturalist, born
at Cerilly (Allier) in 1775. He accompanied Baudin in
lis expedition to the South Sea in 1800, as physician
and zoologist, collected more than loo.ooc specimens ol
animals, and wrote a " Voyage of Discovery to Southern
Lands," ("Voyage de Decouvertes aux Terres aus-
Tales," 4 vols., 1811-16,) a work of much merit Died
:n 1810.

See the " Quarterly Review" for August, 1810.

Peroni, pi-ro'nee, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian painter,
Parm i .ihout 1700; died in 1776.



a, e. 1, 5, u, y, long: i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a. e, i, 6. u. y, short: a, e, i, p, ohwr,; (it, fall, fat; met; not; good; m<5on ;



PEROTTI



1925



PERRIN



Perotti, pi-rot'tee, (NICCOL6,) an eminent Italian
grammarian, born in Umbria in 1430. He became Arch-
bishop of Siponto, or Manfredonia, in 1458. He wrote
a Latin grammar, (1473,) " Cornucopia, or Commentaries
of the Latin Language," ("Cornucopia, sive Commen-
taria Linguae Latinae," 1489,) and other works. He
translated into Latin the first five books of Polybius.
Died in 1480.

Ferouse, pi'rooz', (JEAN FRANCOIS Galaup de la
gi'lo 7 den IS,) an eminent French navigator, born at or
near Albi (Tarn) in 1741. He entered the royal navy in
1756, became lieutenant in 1775, and fought against the
English in the American war, (1778-83.) In 1782 he
took the British fort York, on the west coast of Hudson
Bay. He was selected by the government to command
an exploring expedition, and sailed with the Boussole
and Astrolabe in August, 1785. Having doubled Cape
Horn, he sailed northward to the sixtieth degree, and
explored the coast between that point and California.
In the autumn of 1786 he crossed the ocean to Macao.
He explored the eastern coast of Asia from China to
Avatsha in Kamtchatka, from which point he sailed to
Botany Bay. The last letter received from him by his
friends was dated at Botany Bay, February 7, 1788.
About 1826 it was ascertained that he and his party
perished by shipwreck at Vanicoro, (or Wanicoro).

See PIHRRH DILLON, " Relation de la De"cpuverte du Sort de La
PeVouse," Paris, 2 vots., 1836; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale;"
" Monthly Review" for November and December, 1798.

Fe-rowne', (JOHN JAMES STEWART,) D.D., an Eng-
lish scholar, born at Burdwan, in Bengal, March 13,
1823. He graduated at Corpus Christ! College, Cam-
bridge, in 1845, was made a Fellow of Corpus Christi in
1849, and a Fellow of Trinity in 1873, was vice-principal
of Saint David's College, Lampeter, 1862-72, canon of
LlandafT, 1869-78, and in 1878 became Dean of Peter-
borough. In 1875 n ? was appointed Hulsean professor
of divinity at Cambridge, and in 1891 was made Bishop
of Worcester. Among his works are the " Book of
Psalms," various volumes on theology, etc. He is
noted as a Hebrew and Arabic scholar.

Perowski. See PEROFSKI.

Fer-pen'na or Fer-per'na, (M. VENTO,) a Roman
officer, was a partisan of Marius in the civil war. He
served under Sertorius in Spain about five years.
He was one of the assassins of Sertorius, who was
killed in 72 B.C. After the death of Sertorius he was
defeated by Pompey in Spain, taken prisoner, and put
to death, (72 B.C.)

Ferperna. See PERPENNA.

Perpinian, pSR-pe-ne-an', [Lat. PERPINIA'NUS,] (PE-
DRO JUAN,) a Spanish scholar, born in the province of
Valencia in 1530. He was professor of eloquence at
Rome. His " Eighteen Orations," (" Orationes duo-
deviginti," 1587,) arguments for the old religion, were
very popular. Died at Paris in 1566.

See LAZERI, " De Vita et Scriptis P. J. Perpiniani," 1749.

Perpinianus. See PERPINIAN.

Perquit, pdR'ke', (SEBASTIEN BIRGY,) a French gene-
ral, born in the department of Bas-Rhin in 1768. He
served with distinction during the first empire. Died
in 1856.

Perrache, pi'rish', (MICHEL,) a French sculptor,
born at Lyons in 1686 ; died in 1750.

Perraud, pi'ro', (JEAN JOSEPH,) a French sculptor,
born at Monay (Jura) in 1821. He obtained a medal of
the first class in 1855. Died November 2, 1876.

Perrault, pi'ro', (CHARLES,) a French author, born
in Paris in 1628. Having obtained the favour of Col-
bert, he was appointed controller-general of the king's
buildings, (b&timents.) He was admitted into the French
Academy in 1671. He scandalized the admirers of
ancient classic authors by his " Parallel between the
Ancients and Moderns," (4 vols., 1688-98,) which was the
signal of a long literary contest. This work was refuted
by Boileau in his "Reflections on Longinus." Among
his other works is one entitled " The Illustrious Men of
the Age of Louis XIV.," (1696-1701.) " Perrault would
probably have been surprised," says the " Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale," "if any one had predicted to
him that he should owe his immortality exclusively to



his 'Fairy-Tales,' ('Contes des Fees,' 1697,)" which
obtained great success in the nursery. Died in 1703.

See " M^moires de Perrault," first published in 1759; SAINTK-
BHUVE, "Causeries du Lundi," tome v. : "Nouvelle Biographic
Ge'ne'rale."

Perrault, (CLAUDE,) a celebrated French architect,
born in Paris in 1613, was a brother of the preceding.
His reputation is founded on the design of the fa9ade of
the Louvre. Colbert having invited the artists of France
to compete for this work, the design of Perrault was
preferred. The colonnade of the Louvre, commenced in
1666 and finished in 1670, is considered one of the most
beautiful structures of the seventeenth century. He wai
also the architect of the Observatory of Paris. He pub-
lished a translation of Vitruvius, (1673,) and other works.
Died in 1688.

See FONTBNAY, " Dictionnaire des Artistes ;' ' CICOGNARA, " Storu
della Scultura;" QUATREMBRK DB QUINCY, "Vies des plus illustrei
Architectes."

Perray. See DUPERRAY.

Perreau, pi'ro', (JEAN ANDR&,) a French writer and
jurist, born at Nemours in 1749. He was a member of


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 217 of 425)