Joseph Thomas.

Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

. (page 227 of 425)
Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 227 of 425)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


war, Robert McClelland secretary of the interior, J.
Dobbin secretary of the navy, and Caleb Gushing attor-
ney-general. In his inaugural address he denounced the
aeitation of slavery. Among the important events of his

' .. . J . , ,^.i * : f*

idmims



dministration were the repeal of the Missouri Compro-



mise and the passage of the Nebraska-Kansas bill, which
lie approved and signed in 1854, and which produced
jreat excitement in the Free States, and the bombard-
ment and destruction of Greytown, in Central America,
(July, 1854,) by Captain Hollins, acting under the in-
structions of the United States Government In August,
1854, Mr. Pierce directed the American ambassadors, J.
Buchanan, J. Y. Mason, and P. Soul<, to meet in some
European city and confer on the best means of acquiring
Cuba. They met at Ostend and issued a document called
the " Ostend Manifesto," the purport of which was that if
Spain would not sell Cuba the Americans would take it by
force. He used his official influence to promote the de-
signs of the pro-slavery party in Kansas. In the National
Democratic Convention of 1856, J. Buchanan and Presi-
dent Pierce were the chief competitors. Pierce received
one hundred and twenty-two votes on the first ballot, but
failed to obtain the nomination. He retired to private
life in March, 1857. In a letter to his friend Jefferson
Davis, dated January 6, 1860, he says, "I have never
believed that actual disruption of the Union can occur
without blood ; and if, through the madness of Northern
abolitionists, that dire calamity must come, the fighting
will not be along Mason and Dixon's line merely. It
will be within our own borders, in our own streets,
between the two classes of citizens to whom I have
referred. Those who defy law and scout constitutional
obligations will, if we ever reach the arbitrament of
arms, find occupation enough at home." He delivered
an oration at Concord in the summer of 1863, in which
he opposed the coercion of the seceded States, and
called Vallandigham "that noble martyr of free speech."
Died in 1869.

Pierce, (GEORGE FOSTER,) D.D., an American Meth-
odist divine, born in Greene county, Georgia, in 1811.
He was elected president of Emory College, Georgia, in
1848, and in 1854 was appointed a bishop. Died Sep-
tember 3, 1884.

Pierce, (HENRY NILES,) D.D., LL.D., an American
ji=hop, born at Pawtucket, Rhode Isl.ind, October 19,
1820, graduated at Brown University in 1842, became a
presbyter of the Episcopal Church in 1849, held rector-
ships in Texas, Alabama, and Illinois, and in 1870 was
consecrated Bishop of Arkansas. He wrote " The Ag-
nostic, and other Poems," (1883,) etc. Died in 1899.
Pierer, pee'rer, (HEINRICH AUGUST,) a German
bookseller, born at Altenburg in 1794. His principal
publication was the " Encyclopaedic Dictionary," (" En-
cyklopadischen Worterbuch," 26 vols., 1824,) begun by
his father. A fourth edition appeared in 1857-65, in
nineteen vols., under the title of " Universal-Lexikon.
Died in 1850.

Pierer, QOHANN FRIEDRICH,) a German physician,
born at Altenburg in 1767. He founded the "General
Annals of Medicine." Died in 1832.

Fi-grl-des, [Gr. Hupitef ; Fr. PIERIDES, pe i red',]
a surname of the Muses, which they received because
they were born in Pieria.
Pierino del Vaga. See PERINO.
Fiermarini, pe-eR-ml-ree'nee, (GIUSEPPE,) an emi.
nent Italian architect, born at Foligno in 1734. He be-
came architect to the Archduke of Milan in 1769. He
designed at Milan many grand public edifices, among
which are the magnificent theatre Delia Scala, the Monte
di Pieti, the Porta Orientale, and the imposing facade
of the Palazzo Belgiojoso. Died in 1808.

Pierola, de, da pe-a'ro-li, (NICOLAS,) a Peruvian
soldier, born at Arequipa, January 5, 1839. He became
a lawyer and politician, and in 1869 was appointed min-
ister of finance, but was impeached for malfeasance, and,
though acquitted, went into exile. He led expeditions
against his native country in 1874 and in 1877, but in the
latter year was taken prisoner and then banished. After
the downfall of Peru in the war with Chili, and the re-
tirement of President Prado in 1870, Pierola assumed
the presidency, and continued hostilities in a desultory
way until 1881. In that year he abandoned Lima, and
in 1882 left the country.

Pieron, pe'l'roN', (CHARLES PHILIPPE REN*,) a
French judge, born at Arras in 1793, was a liberal



e, i, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, ?, short; a, e, i, c, obscure: fir, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon;



PIERPONT



1953



PIGEAU



raembei of the Chambei of Deputies from 1834 to 1848.
Died August 9, 1857.

Pierpont, peer'pont, (JoHN,) an American poet and
Unitarian divine, born at Litchfield, Connecticut, in
April, 1785. He graduated at Yale College in 1804,
and afterwards studied law, which, however, he soon
abandoned. He published in 1816 his "Airs of Pales-
tine," which immediately established his reputation. In
the same year he studied theology at Harvard, and in
1819 was ordained pastor of the Hollis Street Church,
Boston. In 1835 he made the tour of Europe, also
visiting Greece and Asia Minor. Mr. Pierpont was
a prominent advocate of temperance, anti-slavery, and
other reforms. In 1845 he became minister of the
Unitarian church of Medford. "Many of his hymns,
odes, and other brief poems," says Griswold, "are
remarkably spirited and melodious." Died in 1866.

See R. W. GRISWOLD, " Poets and Poetry of America ;" " North
American Review" for October, 1840; "Atlantic Monthly for
December, 1866.

Pierquin, pe^aiR'kaN', (JEAN,) a French priest and
writer, was born at Charleville in 1672 ; died in 1742.

Pierquin de Gemblouz, pejiiR'kiN' deh zhoN'-
bloo', (CLAUDE CHARLES,) a French antiquary and mis-
cellaneous writer, born at Brussels in 1798. He wrote
many works on French antiquities, medicine, philology,
and other subjects. Died in 1863.

Pierre, pe-aiR', (JEAN BAPTISTE MARIE,) a French
painter, whcTwas born in Paris in 1713. He became
first painter to the king in 1770. He was remarkable
for facility. Died in 1789.

Pierre, the French for PETER, which see.

Pierre, SAINT. See SAINT-PIERRE.

Pierre d'Auvergne, See AUVERGNE, D'.

Pierre de Montereau, pe-aiR deh moNt'ro', a French
architect, was patronized by~Louis IX., for whom he
built La Sainte-Chapelle, (1248.) His works are mostly
in the flamboyant ogival style. Died in 1266.

Pierre des Vignes. See PIETRO DELLE VIGNE.

Fierrepout, peer'pont, (EDWARDS,) LL.D., an Amer-
ican lawyer, born at North Haven, Connecticut, March
4, 1817. He graduated at Yale College in 1837, and at
the New Haven Law School in 1840. He was a judge
in New York city, 1857-60, minister to Russia, 1873-75,
attorney-general of the United States, 1875-76, minister
to Great Britain, 1876-77, and for a time British consul-
general at New York. Died March 6, 1892.

Pierron, pe^i'rdN', (EucftNK ATHANASE,) a French
actor and dramatist, born near Meulan in 1819 ; died 1865.

Pierron, (PIERRE ALEXIS,) a French Hellenist, born
in Haute-Saone in 1814. He produced a version of
./Eschylus, (1841,) which was crowned by the Academy,
and of Plutarch's " Lives," (1843.) Died in 1878.

Pierrot, pe-i'ro', (JULES AMABLE,) a French classi-
cal scholar, was born in Paris in 1792. He published
a "Course of French Eloquence," (2 vols., 1822.) Died
in 1845.

Pierson, peer'son, (ABRAHAM,) an American divine,
and first president of Yale College, born about 1648.
He preached at Killingworth and Saybrook. Died in
1707.

Piereon, peeR'son, (CHRISTOPH,) a Dutch painter,
torn at the Hague in 1631. He settled at Gouda in
1679. His design and colour are commended. He
painted history, still life, dead game, etc. with success.
Died in 1714.

Pierson, peer'son, (HENRY HUGO,) an English musical
composer, born at Oxford in 1815. His real name was
PEARSON, but he changed it in 1845, when he went to
Germany, which he virtually adopted as his residence.
His best works are "Jerusalem," an oratorio, (1852,)
and the music for the second part of " Faust," (1854.)
Died at Leipsic, January 28, 1873.

Pieraon, (JAN,) a Dutch philologist, born in Friesland
in 1631. He proposed corrections of the texts of Greek
and Latin authors in " Verisimilium Libri duo," (1752.)
Died in 1759.

Pieters, (BONAVENTURE.) See PETERS.

Pieters, pee'ters, or Peters, pa'ters, (GERAARD,) an
ible Dutch painter, born at Amsterdam about 1580. He



worked at Rome, and returned to his native city. He
painted portraits, conversation-pieces, and interiors.

Pieters, pee'ters, (JACOB,) a Flemish painter, born at
Antwerp in 1648. He removed to England, and was
employed by Kneller to paint draperies and accessories
of portraits. It is said that he counterfeited some works
of Rubens with skill.

Pietri, pe-a'tRee, ( PIETRO, ) an Italian historical
painter, born about 1665, worked in Rome, where he
died in 1716-

Pietro da Cortoua. See CORTONA.

Pietro della Francesca. See FRANCESCA.

Pietro delle Vigne, pe-a'tRo del'la vin'yi, [Lat,
PE'TRUS DE VIN'EIS ; Fr. PIERRE DES VIGNES, pe-aia'
dj v6n,] a distinguished Italian minister of state, was
chancellor of the emperor Frederick II. Died in 1249.
His "Letters," printed in 1566, have some historical
value.

Pietro, di, de pe-a'tro, (CAMILLO,) an Italian cardinal,
born at Rome, January 10, 1806, was created one of the
cardinal-bishops in 1856, and was appointed Bishop of
Ostia and of Velletri, becoming ex officio dean of the Sacred
College, and camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church,
or head of the apostolic chamber. He was also prefect
of the congregation of ceremonies. Died at Rome, March
7, 1884.

Pieyre, pe-aiR', (PIERRE ALEXANDER,) a French
dramatist, borrTat Nimes in 1752. He composed the
" School for Fathers," (" ficole des PJres,") a comedy,
(1782.) He was preceptor of the Due de Chartres,
(Louis Philippe.) Died in 1830.

Pigafetta, pe-ga-fet'ta, (ANTONIO,) an Italian voy-
ager and geographer, born at Vicenza about 1492. Ho
sailed as a volunteer with the expedition of Magellan,
who departed from Seville in August, 1519. He wit-
nessed the affray in which Magellan lost his life, and
wrote a daily journal of this voyage. In company with
Cano, he returned to Spain in 1522, having performed the
first voyage around the world. A complete copy of his
narrative, " First Voyage around the World," (" Primo
Viaggio intorno al Globo,") was found by Amoretti at
Milan, and was published in 1800. An abridgment, in
French, had been published in the sixteenth century.

Pigafetta, (FiLiPPO,)an Italian traveller and military
engineer, born at Vicenza in 1533. He was sent by
Siztus V. to Persia to negotiate an alliance against the
Turks. He wrote a "Treatise on the History and Use
of the Compass," (1586,) and other works. Died in
1603.

Pigalle, pe'gSK, QEAN BAPTISTE,) an eminent French
sculptor, born in Paris in 1714, was a pupil of J. B.
Lemoyne. He studied at Rome, and after his return to
Paris produced a statue of Mercury, which opened to
him the doors of the Academy in 1744. He was pa-
tronized by Louis XV., and received the title of sculptor
to the king. His master-piece is a monumental group
in honour "of Marshal Saxe at Strasbourg. He imitated
nature with fidelity, or, as some say, with servility, and
had the sentiment of the true rather than of the beautiful.
Died in 1785.

SeeP.TARBii, " La Vie et les CEimes de J. B. Pigalle;" "Nou-
velle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Piganiol de la Force, pe'gfne-ol' deh IS foRss,
(JEAN AIMAR,) a French litterateur, born in Auvergne
in 1673. He published a " Historical and Geographical
Description of France," (5 vols., 1715,) which was the
best work on that subject, and other works. Died in
1753.

Figault-Lebnin, pe'go'leh-bRuN', originally Pigault
de L'fipinoy, (deh la'pe'nwa',) (CHARLES ANTOINK
GUILLAUME,) a popular French novelist, born at Calais
in 1753. He wrote many successful novels, among which
is " The Child of the Carnival," (" L'Enfant du Carna-
val," 1792.) He held an office in the Custom-House,
Paris, from 1806 to 1824. Parisot calls him "the most
famous romancer of the imperial epoch." His works
display much fertility of imagination and an abundant
stock of gaiety. Died in 1835.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Pigeau, pe'zhS', (EusTACHE NICOLAS,) a French



as k ; c as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, Vi,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.

123



Explanations, p. 23.;



PIGHIUS



1954



PILL ON



jurist, born near Senlis in 1750. He published "Intro-
duction a la Procedure civile," (1784; 5th edition, 1833,)
which is regarded as a classic work. Died in 1818.

Pighius, pee'ge-us, (ALBERT,) a Dutch Catholic theo-
logian, born at Kempen about 1490, was the author of
several controversial works against the Protestants. He
also wrote on mathematics. Died in 1542.

See BAVLK, "Historical and Critical Dictionary;" NiciRON,
" Memoires."

Fighiua, (STEPHANUS VINAND,) a Dutch historian
and antiquary, born at Kempen in 1520, was a nephew
of Albert He was librarian to Cardinal Granvelle. He
published a work of great research, entitled " Roman
Annals," ("Annales Romanorum," 1599-1615,) in 3
vols., only one of which was published during his
lifetime. Died in 1604.

Pigna, pen'ya, (GIAMBATTISTA,) an Italian historian
and poet, born at Ferrara in 1530. He wrote "The
Prince," ("II Principe," 1560,) to refute the famous
work of Machiavel, a " History of the Princes of Este,"
(1570,) and other works. Died in 1575.

Pignatelli See INNOCENT XII.

Pignone, pea-y6'na, (SIMONE,) a Florentine painter,
born about 1614. He was a good colorist. Among
his works is a picture of "Saint Louis of France."
Died in 1698.

Pignoria,pen-yo're-a,(LORENZO,) an Italian antiquary
and priest, born at Padua in 1571. He wrote, besides
other works, "Egyptian Characters," ("Characteres
.Sgyptii," 1608,) and "The Origin of Padua," (1655.)
Died in 1631.

See NiciRON, " Me'moires."

Pignotti, pen-yot'tee, (LORENZO,) an Italian historian,
poet, and physician, born at Figlini, in Tuscany, in 1739.
He became in 1774 professor of natural philosophy at
Pisa, where he remained many years. He wrote Fables
in verse, (1779,) which were received with much favour.
His chief work is a " History of Tuscany, with Essays
on Sciences, Letters, and Arts," (9 vols., 1813,) which
has some merit. He was chosen rector of the Univer-
sity of Pisa in 1809. Died in 1812.

See ALDOBRANDO PAOLINI, " Elogio storico-filosofico di Pignotti,"
1817 ; TIPALDO, " Biografia deglt Italian] illustri."

Pigoreau, pe'go'ro', (ALEXANDRE NICOLAS,) born in
Paris in 1765, published a "Dictionnaire des Roman-
ciers," or a biographical and bibliographical dictionary of
romance-writers of all ages and countries. Died in 1851.

Fig'ptt, (Sir ARTHUR,) an English lawyer, born in
1750. He became attorney-general in 1805. He was a
friend of Edmund Burke. Died in 1819.

Pigray, pe'gR^', (PIERRE,) a French surgeon, who
received the title of first surgeon to Henry IV. He
was the author of several professional works. Died in
1613

Piia de, deh pe'ess', (ANTOINE PIERRE AUGUSTIN,)
a French dramatist and song-writer, born in Paris in
1755. He wrote some popular vaudevilles, etc. Died
in 1832.

Pike, (ALBERT,) an American poet and journalist,
born at Boston in 1809. At an early age he removed to
the Southwest, and in 1834 became editor of the "Ar-
kansas Advocate" at Little Rock, Arkansas. He pub-
lished " Prose Sketches and Poems," " Hymns to the
Gods," etc. He commanded a body of Indians fighting
against the Union at Pea Ridge, March, 1862, and after
the civil war was editor of the "Memphis Appeal."
Died April 2, 1891.

Pike, (ZEBULON MONTGOMERY,) an American officer
and traveller, born in New Jersey in 1779. He set out
in 1805 to explore the sources of the Mississippi, and
subsequently visited the interior of Louisiana. He rose
to the rank of brigadier-general in the war of 1812, and
was killed during the attack upon York, (now Toronto,)
in 1813.

See HENRY WHITING, "Life of Zebulon M. Pike," in SPARKS'S
"American Biography," vol. v., second series.

Pikler. See PICHLER.

Pilate, (LEONCE.) See LEO PILATUS.

FJ'late, (PONTIUS, pon'she-us,) [Lat PON'TIUS PFLA'-
TUS ; Fr. PONCE PILATE, poNss pe'lat', a Roman governor
3f Judea, before whom Christ was arraigned by the Jews,



3f Tudea, before whom Christ was arraigned by the Jews,
4. e. I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y,



and who, against his own convictions, consented to their
iniquitous design. (See Matthew xxvii., Mark xv., Luke
xxiii., John xviii. and xix.) According to Eusebius and
others, Pilate was banished, and killed himself, about
38 A.D.

Pilati, pe-la'tee, (CARLO ANTONIO,) an Italian pub-
licist, born at Tassulo, near Trent, in 1733. He wroti
several treatises on natural and civil law, and a " His-
tory of the German Empire and Italy from the Time of
Carolingi to the Peace of Westphalia," (2 vols., 1769-72.)
Died in 1802.

Piiatre de Rozler, peHatR' deh ro'ze-i', (JEAN
FRANC.OIS,) a French aeronaut, born at Me"fz in 1756.
He ascended in a balloon filled with heated air in No-
vember, 1783, and attempted to cross the Channel in a
balloon of hydrogen gas surmounting a cylinder filled
with heated air. This apparatus fell to the ground near
Boulogne, and Piiatre and his companion were killed, in
June, 1785.

See TOURNON DB LA CHAPELLB, "Vie et M^raoires de Pilltre
de Rozier," 1786.

Pilatus. See PILATE, (PONTIUS.)

Piles, de, deh pel, (ROGER,) a French painter, diplo-
matist, and writer on art, born at Clameci (Nievre) ii
1635. He went with Amelotde la Houssaye to Venice,
as secretary of legation, in 1682, and was sent to the
Hague by Louvois about 1692, to negotiate in secret
while he seemed to be employed in painting. He wrote
"The Lives of the Painters," (1699,) and several treat-
ises on painting, which display good taste. He painted
good portraits of Boileau and Madame Dacier. Died
in 1709.

Pilk'ing-tpn, (JAMES,) born in Lancashire, England,
in 1520, became Bishop of Durham in 1561, and pub-
lished commentaries on Scripture. He was distinguished
as a promoter of the study of the Greek language. Died
in 1575.

Pilkington, (LETITIA VAN LEW'IN,) an authoress,
born in Dublin in 1712, was the wife of the Rev. Mat-
thew Pilkington, noticed below. She wrote poetry, and
" Memoirs of her own Life," (1749.) Died in 1750.

Pilkington, (MARY,) an English authoress, born at
Cambridge in 1766 ; died about 1840.

Pilkington, (MATTHEW,) an English biblical scholar,
was prebendary of Lichfield. He published, besides
other works, a " Rational Concordance ; or, An Index
to the Bible," (1749.) Died in 1765.

Fil'lans, (JAMES,) a British scholar, born at Edin-
burgh in 1777. He became professor of humanity in
the University of Edinburgh in 1820, and filled that
chair about forty-three years. He published, besides
other works, "Lectures on the Proper Objects and
Methods of Education," (1836,) and " Rationale of Dis-
cipline," (1852.) Died in Edinburgh in 1864.

Pille, pel, (Louis ANTOINE,) COMTE, a French gene-
ral, born at Soissons in 1749; died in 1828.

Pillement, pe'ye-mfiN', (JEAN,) a French landscape-
painter, born at Lyons in 1728; died in 1808. His son
VICTOR, born at Vienna in 1767, was a skilful engraver
and etcher. ' Died in Paris in 1814.

Fillet, pe'yi', (CLAUDE MARIE,) a learned French
littfratfur, born at Chambery in 1771. He wrote articles
for the " Biographic Universelle," and acted as chiel
editor of that work from the sixth to the forty-fourth
volume inclusive. He devoted fourteen years to this
task. Died in 1826.

Pillet, (FABIEX,) a French litttrattur, born at Lyons
in 1 772. He wrote dramatical critiques for the " Journal
de Paris" for many years, articles for the " Biographic
Universelle," and other works. Died in 1855.

Pilliard, pe'ye-aV, (JACQUES,) a French painter, born
at Vienne about 1815. He has worked in Rome for
many years.

Pillon, pe'ydN', (ANNE ADRIEN FIRMIN,) a French
littfrateur, born in Paris in 1766, wrote comedies and
poems. Died in 1844.

His son, ALEXANDRE JEAN BAPTISTE, was born ai
Amiens in 1792. He became librarian of the Louvre
in 1858. Among his works are a "Greek-and-French
Dictionary," (r837,) and "Greek Synonyms," (1847,)
which obtained the Volney prize. Died March 25, 1875.



short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, (511, fat; mSt; not; g<56d; moon;



PILLOW



1955



PINDAR



Pil'low, (GIDEON JOHNSON,) an American general,
born in Williamson county, Tennessee, in 1806. As brig-
adier-general, he fought with distinction in the Mexican
war, (1847,) and was promoted to be a major-general.
He was second in command at Fort Donelson when it
was taken by General Grant, in February, 1862. Died
in 1878.

Pills'bury, (PARKER,) an abolitionist, was born
at Hamilton, Massachusetts, in 1809. He was very
zealous in the cause of abolition. After the war he
engaged in the woman suffrage cause. Died in 1898.

Filon, pe'16N', (GERMAIN,) an excellent French sculp-
tor, born about 1515, was patronized by Henry II. and
Catherine de Medicis. His master-piece is a marble
group (now in the museum of the Louvre) of three Graces
clothed, and supporting on their heads a gilded bronze
urn, which contained the heart of Henry II. He excelled
in the execution of drapery. Died about 1590.

Pilot, pe'lo', (JEAN JOSEPH ANTOINE,) a French anti-
quary, born in Piedmont in 1806 ; died in 1883.

Piloty, von, fon pee'lo-tee, (KARL THEODOR,) a Ger-
man painter, born at Munich, October I, 1826. His
father, Ferdinand Piloty, was an eminent designer. His
first painting, " The Weeping Mother an' 1 , the Nurse,"
attracted great attention. In 1858 he was chosen pro-
fessor in the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. He
soon acquired a world-wide fame as an instructor, and in
1874 he succeeded Kaulbach as president of the Academy.
His most noted pictures are historical. Died in 1886.

PUpay, pil'pi or pil'pa'e, FUpai, or Bidpai, bid' pi, a
famous Oriental fabulist, of whom little is known. He is
supposed to have been a Brahman gymnosophist, and to
have lived several centuries before our era. Bidpai's
fables, originally written in Sanscrit, were translated
into Arabic and afterwards into almost every other lan-
guage. The Sanscrit collection entitled " Hitopadesa"
(i.e. "Friendly Counsel") was translated into English by
Wilkins, (1787.) Several European fabulists, including
La Fontaine, have drawn largely from the fables of Pilpay.

Fils, pel, (ADRIEN AUGUSTE ISIDORE,) a French his-
torical painter, born in Paris in 1813. He gained the
grand prize of Rome in 1838. Among his works is " The
Battle of Alma." Died September 2, 1875.

Pilumnus. See PICUMNUS.

Pirn, (BEDFORD CLAPPERTON TREVELYAN,) an English
author, born at Bideford, January 12, 1826. He entered
the navy, and served with distinction till 1870. In 1873
he was admitted to the bar, and was in Parliament,
1874-80. He published "The Gate of the Pacific,"
(1863,) regarding the Nicaraguan railways, in which he
was much interested, " Dottings on the Roadside in
Panama, Nicaragua, and Mosquito," (1869,) partly pre-
pared by Berthold Seemann, "The War Chronicle,"
(1873,) etc. Died in 1886.

PimenteL, pe-men-teT, (MANOEL,) a Portuguese geog-
rapher, born in Lisbon in 1650. He wrote on geography
and navigation. Died in 1719.

Pina, de, da pee'na, (Ruv,) an eminent" Portuguese
historian, who held the office of historiographer in the
reigns of Emmanuel and John III. He wrote "Chroni-
cles of the Reigns of Six Kings, from Sancho I. to Al-
fonzo IV., inclusive," which were published after his
death. Died about 1520.

Finaeus. See PINEAU, (StfVERiN.)

Finaigrier, pe'ni'gReji', (ROBERT,) a French painter
on glass, was born in Touraine about 1490. He worked
in several churches of Paris. Died about 1550.

Finas, pee'nas, (JAN,) a Dutch painter of landscapes
and history, was born at Haarlem in 1596. He painted
landscapes and figures with equal success. His colouring
is remarkably vigorous. Among his works is "Joseph
Sold by his Brethren." Died about 1660. His brother
JAMES, or JACOB, was a skilful painter. Died in 1659.

Finciano, pen-the-J'no, (ALONZO LOPEZ,) a Spanish
poet, who lived about 1480-1530, was physician to Charles
V. He wrote "El Pelayo," an epic poem, and "Ancient
Poetical Philosophy," (" Philosophia antigua poetica.")

Pinck'ney, (CHARLES,) an American statesman, born
at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1758. His father was
a first-cousin of Charles C. Pinckney. The subject of



this article was a member of the Convention which


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 227 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425

Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 227 of 425)