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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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formed the Constitution of the United States in 1787.
He was Governor of South Carolina from 1789 to 1792,
and again from 1796 to 1798. In the latter year he was
elected a Senator of the United States by the legislature
of South Carolina. He acted with the Republican party,
and was an eloquent speaker. He was minister to Spain
from 1802 to 1805. Died in 1824.

Pinckney, (CHARLES COTESWORTH,) an American
statesman, born at Charleston, South Carolina, in Feb-
ruary, 1746, was a son of Chief Justice Pinckney. He
graduated at Oxford, England, and studied law. He
served as aide-de-camp to Washington at the battles of
Brandy wine and Germantown, September-October, 1777,
and obtained the rank of colonel. In October, 1779, he
took part in the battle of Savannah. He was taken
prisoner at Charleston in May, 1780, and detained until
the end of the war. He was a member of the Conven-
tion which formed the Constitution of the United States,
(1787,) advocated the adoption of the same in the Con-
vention of South Carolina, and became a leader of the
Federal party. General Washington offered him a place
in his cabinet, in 1795, as secretary of war, and afterwards
as secretary of state, both of which positions he declined.
He was sent as minister to France in 1796, but the
French Directory refused to receive him, and ordered
him to leave the country in February, 1797. He after-
wards returned to Paris with John Marshall and E.
Gerry, who had been appointed his colleagues in art
embassy. He was appointed a major-general about 1798.
At the presidential election of 1800, General Pinckney
and John Adams were the Federal candidates ; but the
Republicans were victorious. He died at Charleston
in 1825.

See the " National Portrait-Gallery of Distinguished Americans,
vol. iv.

Pinckney, (HENRY LAURENS,) son of Charles Pinck-
ney, born at Charleston in 1794, distinguished himself
as a lawyer and politician. He became in 1819 editor
of the " Charleston Mercury," an organ of the " State
rights" party. He published the " Life and Services of
Andrew Jackson," and several political works. Died
in February, 1863.

Finckney, (THOMAS,) an American officer and states-
man, brother of Charles Cotesworth, noticed above, was
born at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1750. As aide of
General Lincoln, he distinguished himself at the assault
on Savannah, and was severely wounded at Camden,
August, 1780. He became Governor of South Carolina
in 1787, and was appointed by Washington minister to
London in 1792. Having been afterwards sent on a
mission to Spain, he negotiated the treaty of Ildefonso,
and returned in 1796. Died in 1828.

See the " National Portrait-Gallery of Distinguished Americans,"
vol. iv.

Pingou, paN's6N', (PIERRE,) a French bibliographer,
born at Montauban in 1802. He published a '" Manual
of Universal Bibliography," (1857.) Died in 1873.

Pin'dar, (Gr. Uivdapo; ; Lat. PIN'DARUS; Fr. PIN-
DARE, paN'dSR'; Ger. PINDAR, pin'dar, and PINDAROS,
pin'da-ros ; It. PINDARO, pen'da-ro,] the greatest lyric
poet of Greece, was born near Thebes about 520 B.C.
He was a son of Daiphantus, or, according to some
writers, of Pagondas. It is stated that he studied poetry
and music at Athens under Lasus, and that he wag a
pupil of the celebrated Corinna, who advised him to
choose themes for his muse from mythology. He after-
wards composed an ode in which all the mythical legends
of Thebes were inwoven, and showed it to Corinna, who
reminded him that he " ought to sow with the hand, and
not with the whole sack." He became a professional
composer of choral odes, and was employed by various
states and princes of Greece to write odes for special
occasions. Among his patrons were Hiero of Syracuse,
Theron of Agrigentum, and Alexander of Macedon.
About 473 B.C. he visited the court of Hiero, where he
remained four years. His rival Simonides was at Syra-
cuse at the same time. Pindar was a favourite of the
Athenians, whose city he praised in an ode, and who
presented to him ten thousand drachmae. He appears to
have taken no part in the Persian war and other great



as *; 9 as s; g hard; g asj; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as *; th as in this. (J|^"See Explanations, p.



PINDAR 1956 PINKERTON



events of his time. The only poems of Pindar which ' at Padua was a rendezvous of the learned men of all
have come down to us entire are the "Epinicia," 01 , countries. He was a diligent collector of books and
triumphal odes composed in honour of victors at the | manuscripts. Died in 1601.

public games. Fragments of his dithyrambs, paeans, See PAOLO GUALDO, "VitaJ. V. Pmelli," Augsburg, 1607.
encomia and dirges are extant Horace attributes to Piuellus. See PINEAU, (GABRIEL.)
Pindar unrivalled skill in several forms of verse. The Finelo, y, e pe-na'lo, (ANTONIO DE LEON,) a Span-
best translations of Pindar into English verse are those ish writer, born in Peru. He published, besides other
of H. F. Gary and Abraham Moore. Pindar excelled in ' works, " Epitome of the Eastern and Western Nautical
energy, picturesque effect, and sublimity. He had a son and Geographical Library," (" Epitome de la Bibliotheca
Daiphantus, and two daughters. His death is variously ' oriental y occidental nautica y geografica," 1629.) Died
dated at 439 or 442 B.C. about 1675.

See J. G. SCHNEIDER, " Versuch iiber Pindar's Leben," 1774; Pinero, (ARTHUR WlNG,) an English dramatist,




1834: BIPPARD, "Pindar's Leben," 1848; " NouveUe Biographi. Sweet Lavender," (1888,) "The Second Mrs.

Generale." Tanqueray," (1893,) and "The Princess and the

Pindar, (Pima.) See WOLCOTT, (JOHN.) | l> ( ^>>

Pindare. See PINDAR.

Pindaro. See PINDAR. Pinet, Du. See DUPINET.

Findarus or Pindaroa. See PINDAR. Pineton de Chambmn, pen't6N' deh shoNTiRuN',

Pindemonte, pen-dl-mon'ti, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian (JACQUES,) a French Protestant minister, born at Orange,

dramatist, born at Verona in 1751, produced several vvas exiled about 1685. He died in London in 1689.

tragedies. Died in 1812. Fingel, ping'el, (CHRISTIAN,) a Danish naturalist,

Pindemonte, (!PPOLITO,) an Italian poet of high born at Copenhagen in 1793. He contributed many

reputation, born at Verona in November, 1753, was a memoirs to the "Transactions" of the Academy of

brother of the preceding. He entered the order of Malta Sciences. Died December 22, 1852.

in his youth, but resigned his membership about the age Pingeron, paNzh'rdN', (JEAN CLAUDE,) a French

of thirty. He described the delights of the country in translator, born at Lyons about 1730. He translated,

poems entitled " Rural Poems," (" Poesie campestri," from the Italian, Milizia's " Lives of the Architects,"

1785,) which were received with favour. He exhibited (1771,) and other works. Died in 1795.

a contemplative and ingenious philosophy in his " Rural Fingre, paN'gRa', ( ALEXANDRE GUI,) a distinguished

Prose," ("Prose campestri," 1795.) About 1805 he French astronomer, born in Paris in 1711. He began

published a volume of Horatian satires, entitled " Ser- to study astronomy about the age of thirty-eight His

moni." His translation of the " Odyssey," in blank observation of the transit of Mercury in 1753 procured




Verona in 1828. Treatise on Comets," (1783.) Died in 1796.



Pine, (ROBERT EDGE,) was bom at London about
1742, and was a painter of history and portraits. A
picture of "Canute on the Sea-Shore" is one of his
best works. Died at Philadelphia in 1790.

Pineau, pe'no', [Lat. PIN^'US,] (SKVERIN.) a French
surgeon, born at Chartres. He wrote some works on



Pingree, (HAZEN S.,) an American reformer, born
at Denmark, Maine, in 1840. He worked on a farm,
then in cotton and shoe factories, and served as a
private through the civil war. In 1866 he established
at Detroit a small shoe factory, which grew to be the
largest in the West. He was mayor of Detroit 1889-



- . , , , . . . .. .. r - j ,f., n largest in me \vesi. ne was mayui UL i^ciivn iuuy-

for integrity, and was called " the Cato of Anjou." Died f ul project of the cultivation of . by the

in ,64. poor. He was elected Governor of Michigan m 1890

Pineda, de, di pe-na'Da, (JUAN,) a Spanish theolo- and 1898.

gian, born at Seville in 1557, was a monk or Jesuit. He PinheirO-Ferreira, pen-yaVro fr-ra_e-ra, (SlLVES-
was a counsellor to the court of the Inquisition, and was TRE,) a Portuguese writer, born in Lisbon in 1769.
charged to search out dangerous or unsound books in wrote, besides other works in French, " Principles of
the libraries of Spain. He wrote commentaries on Public Law," (3 vols., 1834.) Died in 1847.
Scripture, and a "Universal History," (5 vols., 1620.) Pini, pee'nee, (ERMENEGILDO,) an Italian naturalist,
Died in 1637. born at Milan about 1740. He was professor of natural
Pinel, pe'nel', (PHILIPPE,) a distinguished French history at Milan, (1772-1812.) He wrote treatises on
physician, born in the department of Tarn in 1745. He mineralogy, geology, and natural history. Died in 1825.
published in 1791 a "Treatise on Mental Alienation," Finkerton, (ALLAN,) a celebrated detective, born at
which promoted a reform in the treatment of the Insane. Gorbals, near Glasgow, Scotland, August 25, 1819. .
He became in 1793 chief physician of the Bicetre of Paris, became a cooper, and was an active Chartist, but in 1842
and was successful in the treatment of insanity by sub- came to America, and finally established himselt at
stituting kindness for harshness. His most remarkable ' Dundee, Illinois. Here he became a deputy sheriff, and
work is "Philosophical Nosography," ("La Nosogra- won distinction as a detective of counterfeiters. In 1852
phie philosophique," 2 vols., 1798; 6th edition, 1818.) he founded a detective agency at Chicago, which became
He was admitted into the Institute in 1803. Died in i an institution of great importance. Mr. Pinkerton was
1826. f.-r some time at the head of the United States secret
Pinelli, pe-nel'lee, ( BARTOLOMMEO, ) an eminent service during the war of 1861-65. He published a
painter and engraver, born at Rome about 1780. He number of volumes containing narratives of his work as
etched many plates representing scenery in the vicinity a detective. Died at Chicago, July I, 1884.
of Rome, events in the history of ancient Rome, and Pink'er-tpn, (JOHN,) a Scottish historian, poet, and
Roman costumes. He left designs which were highly antiquary, born in Edinburgh in 1758. He became a
prized. Among his publications is " Istoria degli Im- resident of London about 1780, and published a volume
peratori," (1829.) Died in 1835. I of verses, entitled "Rimes," in 1781. In 1784 he pro-
See F. GERARDI, " Biografia di B. Pinelli," 1835 : C. FALCONIBRI ', duced an " Essay on Medals," which was well received.
" Memoria intorno alia Vita di B. Knelli," 1835. i_j is re p uta tion was increased by the publication of " An-
Pinelli, (GlAN VINCF.NZO,) an Italian patron of learn- cient Scottish Poems never before in Print," etc., (2
ing and bibliophile, born at Naples in 1535. His house vols., 1786.) He published an ingenious " Dissertation



a, e, i, o, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon;



PINKNEY



'957



PI OMB O



on the Origin and Progress of the Scythians or Goths

in 1787. Among his other works are a "History o

Scotland from the Accession of the House of Stuart t

that of Mary," (2 vols., 1797,) and "Modern Geograph

Digested after a New Plan," (2 vols., 1802,) both o

which have some merit. He is censured for his arro

gance and his enmity to religion. Died at Paris in 1826

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen ;

Monthly Review" for May, 1797.

Pink'ney, (EDWARD COATE,) son of William Pink
ney, noticed below, was born in London in 1802. H
published in 1825 " Rodolph, and other Poems." Diec
in 1828.

See GRISWOLD, " Poets and Poetry of America."

Finkney, (WILLIAM,) an eminent American lawye.
and orator, born at Annapolis, Maryland, in March
1764. He was admitted to the bar in 1786, and repre
sented a district of Maryland in Congress from 1789 to
1792. In 1796 he was sent to London as a commissione
under Jay's treaty. He remained in London about eigh.
years, and was appointed minister to England in 1806
Having returned home in 1811, he settled in Balti
more. He was attorney-general of the United States
from December, 1811, to February, 1814, was appointee
minister to Russia in 1816, and was elected a member
of the Senate of the United States in 1819. He advo-
cated the Missouri Compromise in the Senate in 1820
He was a man of brilliant talents, and was generally
considered the foremost American lawyer of his time.
His wife was a sister of Commodore Rodgers. He
died in February, 1822.

See HENRY WHEATON, "Life of William Pinkney," t826;
Golden Age of American Oratory," by EDWARD G. PARKER, Bos-
ton, 1857: ' National Portrait-Gallery of Distinguished Americans,'
voL m. ; " North American Review" for January, 1827.

Pinkney, (WILLIAM,) D.D., LL.D., an American
bishop, a nephew of W. Pinkney the jurist, was born in
Annapolis, Maryland, April 17, 1810, graduated at Saint
John's College in 1827, and in 1836 was ordained a pres-
byter of the Episcopal Church. He held rectorships in
Bladensburg, and in Washington, D.C., and in 1870 was
consecrated Assistant Bishop of Maryland. In 1879 he
succeeded Dr. Whittingham as diocesan. Died in 1883.
He published a " Life of William Pinkney" the jurist.

Pino, pee'no, (DOMENICO,) COUNT, an Italian gen-
eral, born at Milan in 1760. He served in the French
army as general of division in Germany, Spain, and
Russia, (1805-13.) Died in 1826.

Pino, da,di pee'no, (MARCO,) an able Italian painter,
sometimes called MARCO DA SIENNA. He worked many
years at Naples, where he settled about 1560. Among
his chief works is a "Descent from the Cross."

Pinon, pe'n6N', (JACQUES,) a French lawyer and
writer of Latin poetry, wrote " On the Roman Year,"
(" De Anno Romano,") and other poems. Died, at an
advanced age, in 1641.

Pins, de, deh paN, [Lat. PI'NUS,] (JEAN,) a French
diplomatist, born at Toulouse about 1470, became Bishop
of Rieux in 1523. He wrote, in elegant Latin, a number
of epigrams, and "On Court Life," (" De Vita aulica.")
His style was praised by Erasmus, who said, " Potest
inter Tnllianje dictionis competitores numerari Johannes
Pinus." As ambassador to Venice and Rome, about
1520, he displayed superior diplomatic talents. Died
in 1537-

See CHARDON, " Me'moires pour servir a 1'filoge de J. de Pins "
1748.

Pin'aker, (SiMCHA,) a Karaite Jew, born at Tarnopol,
in Austrian Galicia, in 1801. He lived in Odessa until
1840, and afterwards at Vienna. His principal published
works are a " History of Karaism" and " Mebo ha-Nik-
kud," (1863,) a treatise on vowel-points and singing-
accents. Died October 29, 1864.

Piiiaon, piN'siN', (NICOLAS,) a French painter and
engraver, born at Valence about 1640, worked many
years in Italy.

Pinsson, paN'sAN', (FRANC.OIS,) a French jurist, bom
at Bou'ees about 1612 ; died in 1691.

Pinsuti, pen-soo'tee, (CiRO,) an Italian composer o
songs, operas, and choruses, was born at Sinalunga.May
9, 1829. His professional life was mostly spent in Lon-



don, and in 1856 he became professor of singing in the
Royal Academy of Music. Died March 10, 1888.

Piutelli, pen-tel'lee, (BACCIO,) an Italian architect,
born probably at Florence. He was employed by Pope
Sixtus IV., who reigned from 1471 till 1484. Among his
great works in Rome are the church of Santa Maria del
Popolo, the Sistine Chapel, (in which Michael Angelo
painted the fresco of the "Last Judgment,") the church
of Saint Augustine, and a bridge called the Ponte Sisto.
Died about 1492.

See VASARI," Lives of the Painters," etc. ;Trcozzi, "Dizionario."

Pinto, pen'to, ( FERNAO MENDEZ, ) a Portuguese
traveller, born near Coimbra about 1510. He wrote a
marvellous book of travels in India, etc., (1614,) which
was translated Into many languages. His veracity has
often been questioned. Died in 1583.

Pinto, (HECTOR,) a Portuguese monk or priest, be-
came professor at Coimbra about 1570. lie wrote " Pic-
ture of Christian Life," (" Imagem da Vida Christam "
1565.) Died in 1584.

Pinto, (ISAAC,) a Portuguese Jew, born about 1715.
He wrote an "Essay on Luxury," (1762,) and an "Apol-
ogy for the Jews," (1762.) He died at the Hague in
1787.

Fiutor, pen-ton', (PEDRO,) a Spanish physician, born
at Valencia in 1423 ; died in Rome in 1503.

Fmturiccnio, pen-too-rek'ke-o, (BERNARDINO BET-
TI,) an Italian painter, born at Perugia in 1454, was
a pupil or assistant of Perugino. lie worked in the
Vatican for Alexander VI. Among his best works are
"Jesus before the Doctors," a portrait of Isabella of
Castile, and "The History of Pius II.," in the cathedral
of Sienna. It is said that Raphael assisted him in the
latter work. He painted portraits and landscapes with
success. Died in 1513.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters;" LANZI, "History of Paint-
.ng in Italy."

Pinus. See PINS.

Pinzon, pen-thin', (MARTIN ALONZO,) a Spanish
navigator, who commanded the Pinta in the first voyage
of Columbus to America. He is said to have been en-
vious towards his chief. Died in 1493.

Pinzon, (VINCENCIO YANEZ,) a younger brother of
:he preceding, commanded the Nifia in the voyage of
Columbus, (1492.) He conducted an expedition in 1499,
and explored part of the coast of Brazil. He was living
n I523-

Pio. See Pius, POPE.

Pio, pee'o, (ALBERTO,) Prince of Carpi, an Italian
icholar, born about 1475, was a nephew of Pico della
Hirandola. He was a patron of literary men, and author
of a treatise against Luther. Died in Paris in 1531.

Pio, (BATTISTA,) an Italian philologist, born at Bo-
ogna. He wrote notes on Horace, Lucretius, Ovid,
and other classic authors. Died at Rome about 1540.

Piobert, peVbaiR', (GUILLAUME,) a French general
and mathematician, born in 1793. He was elected a
nember of the Institute in 1840, in place of De Prony.
le wrote, besides other works, a "Treatise on Artil-
ery," (2 vols.) Died at Paris, June 9, 1871.

Piola, pe-o'li, (DOMENICO,) a Genoese painter, born
n 1628. He painted infants with especial skill. Among
lis works is a "Repose of the Holy Family." Died
n 1703.

Piola, (P.,) a painter, born at Genoa in 1617, was a
irother of the preceding. He was an artist of high
>romise, but died young, in 1640.

Piombino. See BONAPARTE, (MARIE ANNE ELISA.)

Piombo, del, del pe-om'bo, (SEBASTIANO,) an emi-
ent Italian painter, born at Venice in 1485, was also
ailed LUCIANO or VENEZIANO. He was a pupil of
Oiorgione. In the early part of his life he went to
iome, and painted in the Farnese palace a fresco in
ompetition with Raphael, and received instruction from
Michael Angelo. He painted in San Pietro in Montorio

fresco of the "Transfiguration," which is remarkable

or beauty of colour. Among his master-pieces is a

Raising of Lazarus," which now adorns the British

National Gallery. He excelled in portraits. About

531 he obtained from Clement VII. the office of keeper



; ynss; g&arj; gas/; G, H, K, guttural '; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in MM.



Explanations, p. 23.)



PIORRY



'958



PISANDER



of the seal, (uffizio del piombo,) and assumed the name
of Fra Sebastiano del Piombo. Died in 1547.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters:" BIAGI, " Memorie storiche
di F. Sebastiano del Piombo," 1826; RIDOLFI, "Vite degli Pittori
Veneti ;" LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy."

Fiorry, pe'o're', (PIERRE ADOLPHE,) a French medi-
cal writer, born at Poitiers in 1794. He gained dis-
tinction by a treatise " On Mediate Percussion," (" De
la Percussion mediate," 1828.) He obtained in 1840
a chair of internal pathology at Paris. Among his
works is a " Treatise on Diagnostics and Semeiology,"
(3 vols., 1836.) Died at Paris, May 29, 1879.

Piozzi, pe-oz'ze, [It. pron. pe-ot'see,] MRS., an Eng-
lish authoress, whose maiden name was ESTHER LYNCH
SALUSBURY, was born in Carnarvonshire in 1739. She
became the wife of Mr. Thrale, a brewer of London, in
1763, and was intimate with Dr. Johnson. Having lost
her husband, she was married in 1784 to an Italian
teacher of music, named Piozzi. She published in 1786
"Anecdotes of Dr. Samuel Johnson during the Last
Twenty Years of his Life," and in 1788 "Letters to and
from Dr. Samuel Johnson," (2 vols.) Among her other
works is a short poem, called "The Three Warnings,"
Died at Clifton in 1821.

See "Piozziana; or. Recollections of the Late Mrs. Piozzi:"
"Atlantic Monthly" for June, 1861 : MRS. ELWOOD, "Memoirs of
the Literary Ladies of England from the Commencement of the Last
Century," vol. ii., (1843;) "Edinburgh Review" for April, 1861 ;
" Eraser's Magazine" for March, 1861; "Blackwood's Magazine"
for April, 1862.

Fi'per, [Sw. pron. pee'per,] (CARL,) COUNT, a Swed-
ish minister of state, was a man of superior talents.
He was councillor of state in the reign of Charles XL,
and became the principal minister of Charles XII.,
whom he accompanied in his campaigns. He was
taken prisoner at Pultowa (Poltava) in 1709, and kept
in prison until his death, in 1716.

See GEZELIUS, " Biographiskt-Lexicon."

Pi'per, Le, (FRANCIS,) an English comic painter,
noted for his skill in portraits of ugly and deformed
persons. Died about 1740.

Pippi. See GIULIO ROMANO.

Pipping, pip'ping, (HEINRICH,) a German theologian
and biographer, born at Leipsic in 1670; died in 1722.

Piquer, pe-kaiR', (ANDRES,) a Spanish medical writer,
born in Aragon in 1711. He received the title of first
physician of the kingdom in 1752. Among his works is
"Medicine Old and New," (" Medicina vetus et nova,"
1735.) Died in 1772.

Piraneai, pe-ra-na'see, ( FRANCESCO,) an engraver,
born at Rome in 1748, was a son of Giovanni Battista,
noticed below. He succeeded his father as a dealer in
prints. About 1800 he removed to Paris, where he pub-
lished a large number of plates of Roman antiquities,
partly executed by his father. Died in 1810.

Piraneai, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an excellent Italian
engraver and designer, born at Venice in 1720. He
studied architecture in his youth at Rome, where he
passed the greater part of his life. He was unrivalled
as an architectural draftsman and an engraver of archi-
tecture and ruins, and had great facility of execution.
He etched nearly two thousand plates, which represent
the edifices of ancient and modern Rome, antique bas-
reliefs, vases, monuments, etc. Among the titles of his
works are "Architectura Romana," (208 plates,) and
" Magnificence of the Romans," (" Magnificenza del
Romani," 44 plates.) Died at Rome in 1778. His
daughter LAURA was an engraver. She died in 1785.

See BIANCONI, " Elojrio storico del Cavaliere G. B. Piranesi,"
1779; P. BtAGl, " SulFIncisione e sul Piranesi," 1820.

Pirckheimer. See PIRKHEIMER.

Fire, de, deh pe'ri', (HippoLYTE MARC GUIL-
LAUME de Rosnyvinen deh ros'ne've'noN',) COMTE,
a French general, born at Rennes in 1778. He com-
manded the light cavalry of the left wing at Waterloo.
Died in 1850.

Pirie, plr'e, (WILLIAM ROBINSON,) D.D., a Scottish
divine, born at Slains, July 26, 1804. He was educated
at Aberdeen, where in 1843 ne was appointed professor
of divinity. In 1877 he became principal of the Uni-
versity of Aberdeen. Died November 3, 1885.



Piringer, pee'ring-er, (BENEDICT,) a German en-
graver, born at Vienna in 1780. He went with Count
A. de Laborde to Paris in 1809. Among his works
are landscapes after Claude Lorrain and Poussin. Died
at Paris in 1826.

Pi-rith'o-ua or Fei-rith'o-us, [Gr. IlapiOoof,] a son
of Ixi'on, and a chief of the Lapithae. The celebrated
fight of the Lapithae and the Centaurs originated at
the marriage of Pirithous and Hippodami'a. He was
a friend of Theseus, whom he aided in the abduction of
Helen from Sparta. Theseus, in return, abetted him in
an attempt to carry off Proserpine from the palace of
Pluto; but in this they failed, and Pirithous was killed
by Cerberus.

See VIRGIL, ";neid," book vi. 393-397.

Pirkheimer or Pirckheimer, pe~gRk'M'mer, (WiLl-
BALD,) a German historian and philologist, born at Nu-
remberg in 1470. He learned the Greek language, and
translated into Latin some writings of Plato, Xenophon.
and others. He was a friend of Erasmus, and was dis
tinguished for his efforts to diffuse learning in Germany.
Among his works is "Germanise perbrevis Explicatio,"
(1530.) Died in 1530 or 1531.

See PANZRR, "W. Pirckheimer und Charitas Pirckhetmer," etc,
1802: NictfRON, "Memoires;" F. CAMPS, "Zum Andenken W.
Pirckheimer's, " 1828; " Nouvelle Biographic Generate."


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 228 of 425)