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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Pirogof, Pirogov, or Pirogow, pee'ro-gof, (NICHO-
LAS,) a Russian surgeon, born about 1810, celebrated as
the inventor of a new method of amputating the foot by
dividing the os calcis. He was for several years surgeon
in a military hospital at Saint Petersburg. Died in 1881.

Piroli, pee'ro-lee or pe-ro'lee, (PROSPERO,) an Italian
painter, bom in 1761, worked several years in Russia,
and was patronized by the Czar. Died at Milan in 183:.

Piroli, (ToMMASO,) a skilful designer and engraver,
born at Rome in 1750, engraved the Prophets and Sibyls
of the Sistine Chapel, after Michael Angelo, " Cupid and
Psyche," after Raphael, etc. Died in 1824.

Piromalli, pe-ro-mal'lee, ( PAOLO,) a learned Italian
missionary, born in 1592, laboured in Asia. Hecompiled
a "Latin-Persian Lexicon." Died in 1667.

Piron, pe'roN', (AiME,) a French poet, born at Dijon
in 1640; died in 1727.

See AUGUSTS DH MASTAING, " Les Piron," 1844.

Piron, (ALEXIS,) a French dramatist and poet, born
at Dijon in 1689, was a son of the preceding. He had
a talent for bon-mots and epigrams. In his youth he
wrote comedies and licentious odes. Among his works
are several unsuccessful tragedies. He produced in
1738 a drama entitled "The Mania for Writing Verse,"
(" La Me'tromanie,") which is considered a master-piece
of intrigue, of style, and of comic genius. He married
Marie Therese Quenaudon when she had passed the
age of fifty. He was chosen a member of the French
Academy in 1753, but was rejected by the king. Died
in 1773-

See RIGOLEV DB JUVIGNY, "Vie de Piron," 1776; AUGUSTS DB
MASTAING, "Les Piroi," 1844: COUSIN D'AVALLON, " Pironiana,
ou Recueil des Aventures plaisantes, Bon-mots, etc. d'A. Piron,"
1800: " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nerale."

Piron, (BERNARD,) a French poet, born at Dijon in
1718, was a nephew of the preceding. Died in 1812.

Piron, (MARIE THERESE Quenaudon ken-no'-
d6s'',) called MADEMOISELLE DE BAR, born in 1688, was
a literary and witty lady. She was married in 1741 to
Alexis Piron. Died in 1751.

Pirro, per'ro, (Rocco,) a historian, born in Sicily in
1577, was chaplain to the king. He published a his-
tory of the churches of Sicily, entitled "Sicilia Sacra,"
(3 vols., 1644-47,) which is esteemed valuable. Died
in 1651.

Pisa, (LEONARD OF.) See LEONARDO DA PISA.

Piaan, (CHRISTINA.) See CHRISTINE DE PISAN.

Pi-aan'der or Pei-aan'der, [Ilao-avdpof,] a Greek
poet of Rhodes, flourished about 650 B.C. He wrote an
epic poem on the exploits of Hercules, which is lost
He was received into the epic canon with Homer by
the critics of Alexandria.

Pisander or Peiaander, an Athenian demagogue,
who was archon eponymus in 414 B.C. He was a promi-
nent agent in the revolution which subverted the de-



a. e. I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; a, 9, i. 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon;



PISANDER



*959



PITCAIRNE



mocracy and raised the Four Hundred to power in
412 B.C

Piaander, a Spartan, who was a brother-in-law of
Agesilaus II. He became admiral of the fleet in 395,
and was defeated and killed by the Athenians under
Conon in 394 B.C.

Fisanello, pe-sS-nel'lo, or Pisano, pe-sa'no, (Vrr-
TORE,) a celebrated painter of the Venetian school,
flourished about 1450. He surpassed the artists of his
time in painting horses and other animals, and was an
Mtcellent engraver of medals.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters."

Pisani, pe-sa'nee, (NiccoLO,) a Venetian admiral, who
acquired celebrity in the war against the Genoese which
began about 1350. He commanded in an indecisive
battle against Paganino Doria at the outlet of the Bos-
phorus in 1352.

Piaarp, (VETTORE or VETTOR,) a famous admiral, n
son or nephew of the preceding, obtained command of
the fleet in 1378. He displayed skill in the defence of
Venice against the Genoese, whose fleet he captured at
Chiozza in 1380. He died in the Sime year.

See GIOVANNI MOLIN, "Memorie per servire alia Storia di Vet
tor Pisani ;" GRASSI. "Vita di Vettor Pisani," 1837.

Pisano, (ANDREA.) See ANDREA PISANO.

Pisano, pe-si'no, (GIOVANNI,) called also GIOVANNI
DA PISA, an eminent sculptor and architect, born at Pisa
about 1238, was a son of the sculptor Niccol6. He was
architect of the famous Campo Santo (cemetery) of Pisa,
completed in 1283. It is a cloister of sixty-two arcades
or arches. He built the Castel Nuovo at Naples. Among
his master-pieces of sculpture are the high altar in the
cathedral of Arezzo, and a statue of the Virgin which
adorns the exterior of the cathedral of Florence. Died
in 1320.

See VASARI. " Lives of the Painters and Sculptors ;" Cico-
GNARA, " Storia della Scultura ;" TICOZZI, "Dizionano."

Pisano, (GlUNTA,) an old Tuscan painter, was born
in the twelfth century. He was one of the most skilful
artists of his time. About 1235 he painted some works
in a church of Assist. His works present the meagre
forms of the Byzantine style. A figure of Christ painted
on wood by Giunta still exists.

Pisano, (Niccoi.6.) See Niccoi.6 DA PISA.

Pisano, (VrrroRE.) See PISANELLO.

Pisari, pe-sa'ree, (PASQUALE,) an Italian composer,
born at Rome about 1725 ; died in 1778. He was called
a "second Palestrina."

Piscator. See FISCHER.

Piscinus. See MARSO.

Pise, (CHARLES CONSTANTINE,) D.D., a distinguished
Catholic clergyman, born at Annapolis, Maryland, in
1802. He was for some time chaplain of the United
States Senate, and in 1849 became pastor of the church
of Saint Charles Borromeo, Brooklyn, New York. He
published a " History of the Church from its Establish-
ment to the Reformation," (1830,) "Aletheia, or Letters
on the Truth of the Catholic Doctrines," " Lives of Saint
Ignatius and his First Companions," and numerous
hymns and poems. Died at Brooklyn, May 26, 1866.

Pishdadian. See PESHDADIAN.

Pisistrate See PISISTRATUS.

Fisistratidse, pis-is-trat'e-de, an appellation given to
the sons of Pisistratus. (See HIPPIAS and HIPPARCHUS.)

Pi-sis'tra-tus or Pei-sis'tra-tus, [Gr. TlcioiarpaToc ;
Fr. PISISTRATE, pe'ze'stkSt',] a tyrant or ruler of Athens,
born about 612 B.C., was a son of Hippocrates, and a
relative of Solon. He courted popularity by various
means, and obtained power by the following artifice.
Having inflicted wounds on himself, he presented him-
self to the people, pretended that he had been attacked
by his political enemies, and persuaded them to grant
him a guard of fifty men, by whose aid he seized the
citadel, 560 B.C. He was the head of the party of the
highlands, which was the more popular or democratic
party. He was twice expelled by a coalition of the party
of the coast with that of the plain, but was restored as
often. He made little or no change in the constitution,
and left the reputation of an able and rather liberal ruler.
He patronized literature, formed a library, and erected
fine public buildings. It is commonly supposed that we



as k; c. as s: g hard; g as/.' G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.



owe to him the first written text of the whole of the
poems of Homer. Died in 527 B.C.

See HERODOTUS, "History;" GROTB, "History of Greece;"
JAN MP.URSIUS, "Pisistratus, seu de ejus Vita Liber singularis,"
1632 ; THIRLWALL, " History of Greece."

PI'so, [Fr. PISON, pe'ziN',] (CAIUS CALPURNIUS,) a
Roman orator, who became consul in 67 B.C., and com-
manded in Gallia Narbonensis in 66. He was defended
by Cicero, in 63 B.C., against a charge of extortion pre-
ferred by Caesar, and urged the former to accuse Caesar
as one of the conspirators with Catiline. He probably
died before the civil war began, (49 B.C.)

See DRUMANN, "Geschichte Roms."

Piso, (CAius CALPURNIUS,) the leader of a con-
spiracy against Nero in 65 A.D. He was a patrician,
and very popular. Having been betrayed by one of his
accomplices, he killed himself.

Piso, (CNEius CALPURNIUS,) was consul in 7 B.C.,
with Tiberius, who, after his accession, used him as an
instrument to impair the influence of Germanicus. He
obtained command of Syria in 18 A.D., and was sus-
pected of having poisonid Geraanicus. He was found
dead in his room in 20 A.D.

Piso, (Lucius CALPURNIUS,) was the father of Cal-
purnia, the wife of Julius Caesar. He was consul in 58
B.C., and promoted the banishment of Cicero. He mis-
governed Macedonia from 57 to 55 B.C. His public con-
duct and private character were denounced by Cicero in
a very vituperative speech, "Oratio in Pisonem," in 55
or 54 B.C. After the death of Caesar (44 B.C.) Piso made
a speech which was applauded by Cicero, (Philippic I.)

SeeAppiAN, " Bellura Civile;" DRUMANN, "Geschichte Roms."

Piso, (L. CALPURNIUS,) a son of the preceding, was
consul in 15 B.C. He was appointed prefect of Rome by
Tiberius. He was one of the persons to whom Horace
addressed his Epistle "De Arte Poetica," according to
Porphyrion. Died in 32 A.D., at the age of eighty. His
virtue and integrity are attested by several writers.

Piso, (Lucius CALPURNIUS FRUGI,) a Roman his-
torian and consul, belonged to the aristocratic party.
He became consul in 133 B.C., and opposed the measures
of Cains Gracchus. He wrote "Annals of Rome,"
which are not extant

Piso, (Lucius CALPURNIUS LICINIANUS,) a Roman
whom Galba adopted as heir to the throne in 69 A.D.
He was killed bv the partisans of Otho in the same year.

Pison. See Piso.

Pi'son, (JAKOB,) a Latin poet, born in Transylvania ;
died in 1527.

Pison, pee'son, (WILLEM,) a Dutch naturalist and
physician, accompanied the Prince of Nassau in a voyage
to Brazil in 1637. The researches of Pison and his
companion Marcgraf were published, under the title of
" Natural History of Brazil," (" Historia Naturalis Bra-
siliae," 1648,) a work of some merit

Pistoia, da, (CiNO.) See CINO.

Pistoia, da, da pes-to'ya, (LEONARDO Grazia gRaf -
se-i.) an Italian painter, born at Pistoia, lived about 1550.
He was a pupil of F. Penni, with whom he worked at
the Vatican and at Naples. He was skilful in portraits.

Pistorius, pis-to're-ds, (JoHANN,) a German histo-
rian, born at Nidda (Hesse) about 1544. He was con-
verted from the Protestant faith to that of the Roman
Church, and was confessor to the emperor Rudolph IL
He wrote " German Historical Writers," (" Rerum Ger-
manicarumScriptores,"3 vols., 1582-1607.) Died in 1608.

Fitagora. See PYTHAGORAS.

Pitaro, pe-ta'ro, (ANTONIO,) an Italian natural phi-
losopher and writer, born at Borgia in 1774; died in
Paris after 1830.

Pitau, pe'to', (NICOLAS,) a skilful Flemish engraver,
)orn at Antwerp about 1633. He worked at Paris, and
engraved after Raphael, Guercino, and L. Caracci. His
master-piece is a " Holy Family," after Raphael. Died
n 1676. His son NICOLAS was also an engraver. Died
at Paris in 1724.

Pitaval, de. See GAYOT.

Pitcairne, pit'kSrn, (ARCHIBALD,) a Scottish phy-
sician, born at Edinburgh in 1652. Having finished his
education in Paris, he practised with great distinction
n his native city. His medical system was based partly



Explanations, p. 23.)



PITHO



1960



PITT



on mathematics. He was a zealous Jacobite. He was
professor of medicine at Leyden about one year, (1692,)
and was one of the teachers of Boerhaave. His principal
work is "Elementa Medicinas physico-mathematica."
He also wrote Latin verses. Died in 1713.

See CHARLES WEBSTER, "Life of A. Pitcairne." 1781; CHAM-
BERS, "Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Fitho. See PITHON.

Pi'thon or Pi'tho, |n<ftjv,l a Macedonian officer,
who had a high command under Alexander in India.
He was appointed satrap of Babylon by Antigonus in
316 B.C., and was killed fighting for Demetrius at Gaza,
in 312 B.C.

Fithon, [IKfluv,] an officer of Alexander the Great,
whose person he attended as a guard. He was the
leader of the mutineers who killed Perdiccas in 321
B.C., after which he was joint regent with Arrhidaeus for
a short time. He was second in command in the army
of Antigonus, to whom he rendered important services
in the war against Eumenes. He was put to death, by
order of Antigonus, in 316 B.C.

Pithou, pe'too', (FRANC.OIS,) a learned French jurist;
born at Troyes in 1543, was a brother of Pierre, noticed
below. He wrote "Traite' de la Grandeur, des Droits,
Pre'-e'minences des Rois et du Royaume de France,"
(1587.) Died in 1621.

Fithou, (PIERRE,) an eminent French jurist and
scholar, was born at Troyes in 1539. He was educated
as a Protestant, but became a Roman Catholic in 1573,
after a narrow escape from the massacre of 1572. He
supported the cause of Henry IV., and was one of the
authors of the " Satire Me'nippe'e," which had an im-
portant influence in the political affairs of the time.
Among his works are "The Liberties of the Gallic.vi
Church," (1594,) and "Body of Canon Law," ("Corpus
Juris canonici," 1687.) Died in 1596.

See GROSLEY, "Vie de Pierre Pithou," 1756: LOISHL, "Vie de
Pierre Pithou;" NIC^RIW, "M^moires;" " Nouvelle Biographic
Ge'ne'rale."

Pitiscus, pe-tis'kns, (BARTHOLOMAUS,) a German
geometer, born near Griinberg in 1561 ; died at Heidel-
berg in 1613.

Pitiscus, pe-tis'kus, (SAMUEL,) a Dutch philologist,
born at Zutphen in 1637. He published a "Lexicon
Latino-Belgicum," (1704,) a " Lexicon of Roman An-
tiquities," (1713,) and good editions of Quintus Curtius,
Suetonius, and Aurelius Victor. Died in 1727.

Fit'kin, (TIMOTHY,) an American lawyer and his-
torical writer, born at Farmington, Connecticut, in 1765,
published a " Political and Civil History of the United
States, from 1763 to the Close of Washington's Ad-
ministration," (1828.) Died in 1847.

See the " North American Review" for January, 1830.

Pitman, (BENN,) an author, a brother of Isaac Pit-
man, was born at Trowbridge, in England, June 24,
1822. He learned the business of an architect, taught
and lectured on his brother's system of phonography in
England, 1843-53, came in 1853 to the United States,
and became the compiler and publisher of various text-
books of phonography at Cincinnati. He was a govern-
ment reporter ofstate trials, 1862-65, and in '^73 became
an instructor in the School of Design connected with the
University of Cincinnati.

Pitman, (Sir ISAAC,) an English stenographer, born
at Trowbridge, Wilts, January 4, 1813. He published
"Stenographic Sound Hand," (1837,) "Phonography,"
(1840,) and "Phonographic Reporter's Companion,"
(1853.) He is the inventor of the admirable system of
modern phonographic short-hand writing, as well as of
one of the best systems of phonotypy. Died Jan. 22, 1 897.

Pitoni, pe-to'nee, (GIUSEPPE OTTAVIO,) an Italian
composer of sacred music, born at Rieti in 1657; died
at Rome in 1743.

Pitot, pe'to', (HENRI,) a French geometer, born at
Aramon in 1695. He contributed several memoirs to
the Academy of Sciences, and published a good work
on naval tactics, entitled " The'orie de la Manoeuvre des
Vaisseaux," (1731.) Died in 1771.

Fitra, pe'tRi', (JEAN BAPTISTS,) a learned French
cardinal, born at Champforgeuil, August 31, 1812. He



became a Benedictine, and was appointed librarian ot
the Vatican in 1862, and a cardinal in 1863. In 1879 he
was promoted to be a cardinal-bishop, was consecrated
Bishop of Frascati, and was given the ofSces of prefect
of the state of the regular ciergy, and head of the congre-
gation for the examination of bishops, both in theology
and in the canons. Among his works are an excellent
"History of Saint Leger," (1846,) a "Life of R. P.
Liebermann," (1859,) the magnificent " Spicilegium So-
lesmense," (" Gleanings from the Abbey of Solesme,"
5 vols., 1852-60,) "Juris Ecclesiastici Graecorum His-
toria et Monumenta," (1864,) "Triodiou Katanacticon,"
(1879, a continuation of the previous work,) and"Hym-
nography of the Greek Church," (1867.) In 1884 he
became Bishop of Porto. Died in 1889.

PIt'rl, [a Sanscrit word signifying "father,"] a title
applied in the Hindoo mythology to the deified pro-
genitors of mankind, supposed to inhabit the orbit of
the moon.

Pits, [Lat PIT'SEUS,] (JOHN,) an English biographer,
born at Alton in 1560, was a Roman Catholic. He be-
came canon of Verdun, in Lorraine, and dean of Liver-
dun. He wrote " The Lives of the Kings, Bishops, and
Writers of England," (4 vols.) The last volume was
published in 1619. Died in 1616.

Fitseus. See PITS.

Pitt, (CHRISTOPHER,) an English poet, born at Bland
fonl in 1699. He became rector of Pimpern, in Dorset
shire, and published a volume of poems in 1727. He
produced a translation of Virgil's "jEneid," (1740,)
which was received with favour. Died in 1748.

Pitt, (THOMAS,) a grandfather of the Earl of Chat-
ham, was born at Blandford in 1653. He was for some
years Governor of Madras. He purchased in India for
^24,000 a large diamond, (called the Pitt diamond,)
which he sold to the Regent of France for ^135,000.
Died in 1726.

Pitt, (WILLIAM,) ar Knglish poet, remembered only
as the author of a popular song entitled "The Sailor's
Consolation," which is often attributed to Dibdin. Pitt
was master attendant at Jamaica dock-yard, and after-
wards at Malta, where he died in 1840.

Pitt, ( WILLIAM, ) Earl of Chatham, an illustrious
English statesman and orator, was born November 1 5,
1708. He was the second son of Robert Pitt, of Bo-
connoc, in Cornwall, and a grandson of Thomas Pitt,
Governor of Madras, who brought from India the Pitt
diamond, which is now esteemed the most precious of
the crown-jewels of France. His mother was Harriet
Villiers. He was educated at Eton, and at Trinity Col-
lege, Oxford, which he entered at the age of seventeen.
The torments of the gout, to which he was subject nearly
all his life, induced him to leave college without taking
a degree, and to travel in France and Italy for his health.
On his return home he accepted a cornet's commission
in the army, and in 1735 was chosen a member of Parlia-
ment for Old Sarum. He began his political life as an
opponent of the Walpole ministry, and addressed the
House for the first time in April, 1736, on the subject
of the marriage of the Prince of Wales. Soon after
this date he was appointed a groom of the bed-chamber
to that prince, and he continued to declaim against
Walpole with increasing power. His figure was re-
markably graceful and commanding, and his manner
highly imposing. " His play of countenance," says Mac-
aulay, " was wonderful : he frequently disconcerted a
hostile orator by a single glance of indignation or scorn.
Every tone, from the impassioned cry to the thrilling
aside, was perfectly at his command. . . . Yet he was
not a great debater. His merit was almost entirely
rhetorical. He did not succeed either in exposition or
refutation ; but his speeches abounded with lively illus-
trations, happy allusions, passionate appeals. His in-
vective and sarcasm were tremendous."

Having been excluded from the new cabinet which
was formed on the resignation of Walpole, in 1742, he
continued to act with the opposition, and fiercely de-
nounced Carteret for the favour shown to the German
dominions of George II. The offence which he thus
gave to the king retarded his own promotion when, in
1744, the Pelhams came into power. By tendering their



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PITT



resignations in the critical period of the Jacobite rebel-
lion, the ministers at last prevailed over the king, and
Pitt was appointed paymaster of the forces in 1746.
The rare disinterestedness which he showed in this
lucrative office convinced the public that he was proof
against all sordid temptations. He married Hester
Grenville, a sister of the Earl of Temple and of George
Grenville, in 1754. In this year the premier, Henry Pel-
ham, died, and was succeeded by his brother, the Duke
of Newcastle. Pitt, who was perhaps offended because
his rival Henry Fox was chosen secretary of state, be-
came the leader of the opposition in November, I755>
joon after which date war broke out between England
and France. Newcastle having been forced to resign, Pitt
was premier about five months, ending in April, 1757.
The king, who disliked Pitt and his colleague Temple,
dismissed them, but found great difficulty in forming a
new ministry, as Pitt was the most popular statesman
in England. After the nation had remained eleven weeks
without a ministry, a coalition was formed between Pitt
and Newcastle, the former of whom became secretary
of state, with the supreme direction of the war and of
foreign affairs. He infused new energy and ardour into
every branch of the service, and his fame was raised to
the highest point by a succession of victories in Canada,
'India, and Europe. About 1760 he was almost idolized
by the people, who called him "the Great Commoner"
and regarded him as the foremost Englishman of his



On the accession of George III., Pitt was supplanted
by Lord Bute, the royal favourite, the success of whose
intrigues was promoted by dissensions and jealousies
among the ministers, some of whom were offended by
the imperious demeanour of the premier. Pitt resigned
in October, 1761, and received an annual pension of
5000 for three lives, (i.e. his own, his wife's, and his
eldest son's.) In 1765 the king requested Pitt to resume
the direction of affairs ; but the latter declined the offer
because his friend the Earl of Temple refused to take
office with him. During the next session of Parliament
he condemned the Stamp Act in an eloquent speech,
and argued that England had no right to tax the colo-
nies. The renewed overtures and insidious smiles of
the court prevailed on him, in 1766, to form a new ad-
ministration, in which he took the office of privy seal.
At the same time he sacrificed his popularity by accepting
a peerage, with the title of Earl of Chatham. This was
the cabinet that Burke described as a " piece of joinery
so whimsically dovetailed ; a tesselated pavement with-
out cement," etc. His mental and physical maladies
soon became so aggravated that he ceased to take any
part in the government, and he resigned in October,
1768. With improved health, he returned to public life
about 1771, and spoke often against the ministers. In
1775 he made a brilliant speech on the American war.
Alluding to the Boston Port bill, etc., he exclaimed,
"You must repeal these acts, and you WILL repeal
them. I pledge myself for it that you will repeal them.
I stake my reputation on it. I will consent to be taken
for an idiot if they are not finally repealed." In 1777
he made a memorable speech against employing Indians
to fight in the United States. As he rose to speak in
the House of Lords, in 1 778, he was seized with an apo-
plectic fit. He lingered a few weeks, and died in May,
1778, leaving three sons, the second of whom was the
celebrated statesman William Pitt the Younger.

" His eloquence," says Brougham, " was of the very
highest order : vehement, fiery, close to the subject,
concise, sometimes eminently, even boldly, figurative :
it was original and surprising, yet quite natural. The
fine passages or felicitous hits in which all popular as-
semblies take boundless delight . . . form the grand
charm of Lord Chatham's oratory. ... A noble state-
ment of enlarged views, a generous avowal of dignified
sentiments, a manly and somewhat severe contempt far
all petty and mean views, always pervaded his whole dis-
course ; and, more than any orator since Demosthenes, he
was distinguished by the grandeur of feeling with which
he regarded, and the amplitude of survey which he cast
upon, the subject-matters of debate. He is the person
to whom every one would at once point if desired to



name the most successful statesman and most brilliant
orator that this country ever produced. Some fragments
of his speeches have been handed down to us ; but these
bear so very small a proportion to the prodigious fame
which his eloquence has left behind it, that far more is
manifestly lost than has reached us." Several volumes,
entitled "Chatham Papers: Correspondence from the
Original MSS.," were published in 1838-40, 4 vols.

See " History of W. Pitt, Earl of Chatham," by FUANCIS THACK-
ERAY, 2 vols., 1827: JOHN ALMON, "Anecdotes of W. Pitt, Earl o(
Chatham," 2 vols., 1792; BROUGHAM, "Statesmen of the Time of
George III. ;" MacAULAY's Review of Thackeray's " Life of Chat-
ham," 1834; MACAULAY, "Essay on the Ear] of Chatham," in the
"Edinburgh Review" for October, 1844; Louis DB VIKLCASTHL,
" Essai historique sur les deux Pitt," 2 vols., 1846.

Pitt, (The Right Honourable WILLIAM,) a celebrated
statesman and debater, was the second son of the pre-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 229 of 425)