Joseph Thomas.

Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

. (page 233 of 425)
Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 233 of 425)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


in 204 A.D. He was a pupil of Ammonius Saccas. In
order to become versed in the doctrines of the Oriental
sages, he accompanied the expedition of Gordian against
Paithia in 243. He taught philosophy at Rome from
245 A.D. until his death, and enjoyed the favour of the
emperor Gallienus. He had many disciples. He died
about 270 A.D., leaving fifty-four books on abstract sub-
jects of philosophy and metaphysics, which are extant
and have exerted an important influence in modern
times. His life was written by Porphyry, who was his
disciple. Plotinus was preferred by Lngmus, who knew
him well, to all other philosophers of that time. " He
was intensely religious," says Hallam, "and if he had
come a century later would, instead of a heathen phi-
losopher, have been one of the first names among the
saints of the Church."

See PORPHYRY, " Life of Plotinus," (in Greek ;) KIRCHNER, " Die
Philosophic des Florin," 1854; DAUNAS, " Plotin et sa Doctrine,"
1848.

Ploucquet, plooTcV, (GoDEFROl,) a metaphysician,
born at Stuttgart in 1716. He obtained in 1750 the
chair of logic, etc. at Tubingen. Among his numerous
works is "Ground-Work of Speculative Philosophy,"
(" Fundamenta Philosophise speculative," 1 759,) in which
he expounds the system of Leibnitz. Died in 1790.

See J. L. HUBER, "Ploucquet's Denkmal," 1790.

Flougoulm, ploo'goolm', (PIERRE AMBROISE, ) a
French judge, born at Rouen in 1796. He was for many
years procureur-general, and became a counsellor to the
court of cassation in 1854. Died March 17, 1863.

P18w'd?n, (EDMUND,) an eminent English lawyer,
born in Shropshire about 1517, was a zealous Roman
Catholic. He became a serjeant-at-law in the reign of
Queen Mary, and left " Reports or Commentaries" of
cases tried in the reigns of Edward VI., Mary, and Eliza-
beth, a work of high reputation. Died in 1585.

See ALUBONB, "Dictionary of Authors."

Plowden, (FRANCIS,) an Irish historian and barrister,
wrote, besides other works, a " History of Ireland,"
(1812.) Having been prosecuted for libel, he retired to
France, where he died in 1829.

See " Edinburgh Review" for October, 1804 ; " Monthly Review"
for May and January, 1796.

Pluche, pliish, (NoEL ANTOINE,) an ingenious French
writer and naturalist, born at Rheims in 1688. He
became a priest or abbe, and lectured on history and
geography at Paris. In 1732 he published a description



of the outward creation, entitled " Spectacle of Nature,"
" Spectacle de la Nature," 9 vols.,) which had great
success and was often reprinted. He also wrote a work
on cosmogony, entitled " History of the Heavens,"
"Histoire du Ciel," 2 vols., 1739,) and other works,
and produced a version of the Psalms, which is com-
mended. Died in 1761.

See R. EViENNn, filoge de Pluche."

Fluk'e-net, (LEONARD,) an English botanist, born
in 1642. Little is known of the events of his life, except
that in his old age he was appointed by Queen Mary
director of the garden at Hampton Court. He publisher!
a work of some merit, entitled " Phytographia," (1691-
96,) also " Almagestum Botanicum," (1696,) and " Amal-
theum Botanicum," (1705.)

Flum'er, (WILLIAM,) an American Governor, born
at Newbury, Massachusetts, in June, 1759. He studied
law, and was elected a member of the legislature of
New Hampshire eight times, was a Senator of the United
States from 1802 to 1807, and was chosen Governor of
New Hampshire in 1812. He was re-elected in 1816,
1817, and 1818. His latter years were devoted to lite-
rary pursuits. Died at Epping, New Hampshire, in 1850.

Plum'^r, (WILLIAM SWAN,) D.D., LL.D., an Ameri-
can Presbyterian divine, born in Darlington, Beaver
county, Pennsylvania, July 25, 1802. He graduated at
Washington College, in Virginia, in 1825, and took his
theological course at Princeton. Most of his pastoral
work was done in the Southern cities. In 1854 he was
called to a theological professorship in Western Semi-
nary, at Allegheny, Pennsylvania, and in 1866 he accepted
a similar professorship in the seminary at Columbia,
South Carolina. He published a number of books, exe-
getical, devotional, etc. Died October 22, 1880.

Plunder, plii'me-a', ( CHARLES, ) a distinguished
French botanist, born at Marseilles in 1646, was a pupil
of Tournefort, He explored the West Indies with Su-
rian in 1689, and, soon after his return, published a
"Description of the Plants of America," (1693, with 108
good plates,) which was very favourably received. By
the order of the king, he revisited America in 1693 and
1695. In 1703 he produced "New Genera of American
Plants, "(" Nova Plantarum Americanarum Genera.") He
was about to sail for Peru, to make researches on the
subject of quinquina, (Peruvian bark,) when he died
near Cadiz in 1704. Among his works is a "Treatise
on the Ferns of America," (1705, with 172 plates, ex-
quisitely engraved.) "This magnificent collection," says
the "Biographic Universelle," "is one of the most
admirable monuments of skill and patience that can
be named."

Plvim'm?r, (JOHN,) an English poet, born in London
in 1831, removed to Northamptonshire. He published
a volume entitled "Songs of Labour," (1860,) and is
author of numerous essays.

Plum'm?r, ( JOSEPH B.,) an American general, born
in Massachusetts about 1822, graduated at West Point
in 1841. He became a captain in 1852, and a brigadier-
general of volunteers in October, 1861. He served in
several actions in Missouri. Died at Corinth, Missis-
sippi, in October, 1862.

Plum'mer, (WILLIAM EDWARD,) an English
astronomer, born at Deptford in 1849. He became
director of Liverpool Observatory in 1892, and ex-
aminer in astronomy, University of Edinburgh, in
1895. He wrote "On the Motion of the Solar Sys-
tem," " Researches in Cometary Astronomy," etc.

Plttmp'tre, (EDWARD HAYES,) D.D., an English
theologian, born August 6, 1821. He studied at King's
College, London, and graduated in 1844 at University
College, Oxford, becoming also a Fellow of Krasenose
College, and theological lecturer at King's College,
London, in which (1853) he was appointed professor of
pastoral theology, and (1863) of New Testament exe-
gesis, besides holding professorships in Queen's College,
London. In 1881 he was appointed Dean of Wells.
He wrote various theological and exegetical works, vol-
umes of poems, sermons, etc. Died in 1891.

Flttmp'tre, (JAMES,) an English clergyman and dram-
atist, born in 1770. He obtained the living of Great



I, e, i, o, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e,l,6,u,y,sAori;a.,t,i t <),oAsfure; far, fill, fat; met; ndt;good; moon:



PLUMRIDGE



1971



PLUTO



Granscien in 1812. He wrote "Osway," (1795,) and
other dramas, and "Discourses on the Amusements
of the Stage," (1810.) Died in 1832.

Plum'ridge, (Sir JAMES HANWAY,) an English ad-
miral, born in London in 1787. He served as rear-
admiral in the Baltic during the Russian war, (1854-55.)
Died in 1863.

Plfink'et, (OLIVER,) a Catholic prelate, born in the
county of Meath, Ireland, about 1630. He received
from the pope the title of Primate of Ireland in 1669.
He was executed at Tyburn, on a charge of treason, in
1681 ; but his innocence was afterwards proved.

Plfink'ett or Plunket, (WILLIAM CONYNGHAM,)
first Lord Plunkett, an eminent Irish orator and judge,
was born at Enniskillen in July, 1764. He was educated
at Trinity College, Dublin, and was called to the bar in
1787. Having been elected to the Irish Parliament, he
acquired distinction by his impassioned speeches against
the union with England, in 1800. He acted as consul
for the insurgents who were engaged in the rebellion of
1798. He became solicitor-general for Ireland in 1803,
and attorney-general in 1805, but retired from office
with the Whigs in 1807. In the same year he was
elected to the British House of Commons, in which he
voted with the Whigs and made a few speeches that
were greatly applauded. He was returned to Parlia-
ment for the University of Dublin in 1812, and again in
1818. He was a zealous advocate of Catholic emanci-
pation. He was lord chief justice of the common pleas
in Ireland for three years, (1827-30.) About 1827 he
was created a peer of the United Kingdom. He was
lord chancellor of Ireland from 1830 to 1841, excepting
an interval of some months in 1834-35. He died in 1854,
leaving the title to his son.

See the "Life, Letters, etc. of Lord Plunkett," London, 1867;
"Edinburgh Review" for July and October, 1867 ; " Fraser's Maga-
line" for June, 1867.

Plunkett, (WILLIAM CONYNGHAM,) LORD, an Irish
archbishop, born in 1828. He succeeded his father, the
third Lord Plunkett, in 1871. In 1876 he became Bishop
of Meath, (Anglican,) and in 1885 he succeeded Dr. R.
C. Trench as Archbishop of Dublin. Died in 1897.

Fluquet, plii'ki', (FRANCOIS ANDRB ADRIEN,) a
learned and judicious French writer, born at Bayeux in
1716. He published in 1757 an "Inquiry into Fatalism,"
(3 vols.,) which is commended. His best or most popu-
lar work is a "Dictionary of Heresies," (2 vols., 1762.)
He obtained in 1776 a chair of moral philosophy in the
College de France, Paris. He published a translation
of the classic books of the Chinese, collected by Pere
Noel, (7 vols., 1786.) Died in 1790.

See QU^RARD, "La France Litte"raire;" " Nouvelle Biographic
Ge'ne'rale."



>t, (FREDERIC,) an antiquary, born at Bayeux
in 1 78*, was a nephew of the preceding. He wrote
many works on French antiquities. Died in 1834.

Plu'tareh, [Gr. WM>-mp\of ; Lat. PLUTAR'CHUS; Fr.
PLUTARQUE, plii'tiRk'; It. PLUTARCO, pioo-taR'ko,] an
eminent Greek philosopher or moralist, and the greatest
biographer of antiquity, was a native of Chseronea, in
Boiotia. He was bom probably about 50 A.D., as, ac-
cording to his own statement, he studied philosophy
under Ammonius, at Delphi, in 66 A.D. He passed some
time at Rome, where he lectured on philosophy, in the
reign of Vespasian or of one of his sons. " When I
was in Rome and other parts of Italy," says Plutarch,
"I had not leisure to study the Latin tongue, on account
of the public commissions with which I was charged,
and the number of people that came to be instructed by
me in philosophy. It was not, therefore, until a late
period in life that I began to read the Roman authors."
("Life of Demosthenes.") Plutarch resided at his native
place in the latter part of his life, and filled several mu-
nicipal offices. "As to myself," says he, "I live in a
little town, and I choose to live there, lest it should be-
come still less." He had a wife named Timoxena, and
several children. On the death of his infant daughter
he wrote to his wife a consolatory letter, in which he
commemorated her conjugal and maternal virtues, with
an infusion of the antique sentiments and poetic allu-
sions which render his writings so attractive. He was



an admirer of the philosophy of Plato, and a decided
opponent of Epicureanism. The date of his death
is not known ; but it is supposed that he attained the
age of seventy or more.

Plutarch was a very prolific writer. His works, by
their extent and variety, constitute perhaps the most
copious treasury of facts, ideas, and traditions which we
have inherited from antiquity. There is no uninspired
Greek prose author whose works have found in modern
times so many readers and admirers. His principal
work is his "Parallel Lives" (B<o< Ilapa^ijtai) of eminent
Greeks and Romans, arranged in pairs. The biography
of each Greek is accompanied by the life of some Roman
as a pendant, and the latter is followed by a rather minute
comparison, in which the two persons are measured
together, trait for trait. The best English versions of
Plutarch's " Lives " are those of Sir Thomas North,
(1612,) of Langhorne, (1771,) and of Arthur Hugh
Clough, (1859.) Among the extant works of Plutarch
are many moral essays, which were translated into
French by Amyot. His morality, less rigid than that
of the Stoics and less speculative than that of Plato, is
generally pure and practical. Among his lost works are
a " Commentary on Homer," and biographies of Pindar,
Hesiod, Scipio, Epaminondas, Augustus, Tiberius, Ca-
ligula, Claudius, and Nero.

Respecting Plutarch's merits as a writer, we extract
the following passage from an article in the " Biographic
Universelle," by M. Villemain. Alluding to Plutarch's
truthful and naive minuteness in the delineation of his
characters, that great critic remarks, " Perhaps this merit,
which all recognize in Plutarch, has diverted attention
from the picturesque beauty of his style ; but it is this
double character of eloquence and truth which has ren-
dered him so powerful over all vivid imaginations. . . .
This immortal vivacity of the style of Plutarch, seconded
by a happy choice of the noblest subjects that can occupy
the imagination and the thoughts, explains the prodigious
interest excited by his historical works. He has painted
man as he is ; he has worthily recorded the greatest
characters and most admirable actions of the human
species. The attraction of such reading will never pass
away ; it appeals to all ages and conditions of life ; it
kindles the enthusiasm of youth, and commends itself
to the sober wisdom of age."



Grecque ;
also the " Quarterly Review" for October, 1861.

Plutarchas. See PLUTARCH.

Plutarco. See PLUTARCH.

Plutarque. See PLUTARCH.

Pluto, the Italian of PLUTUS, which see.

Flu'to, [Gr. TttovTuv; Fr. PLUTON, plu't6N' ; I:.
PLUTONE, ploo-to'ni,] the god of the infernal regions,
was also called HADES, ORCUS, Dis, and AJDONEUS.
He was said to be a son of Saturn (Cronus or Kronos)
and Rhea, and a brother of Jupiter and Neptune. Ac-
cording to the fable, these three brothers agreed to a
division of the world, and Pluto obtained as his portion
the subterranean region, the realm of shades, which was
called Erebus or Hades, and the entrance of which was
guarded by Cerberus, a dog with three heads. Some
poets imagined that the realm of Pluto was divided into
two regions, namely, Tartarus, in which the wicked
were confined and punished, and Elysium, or the Elysian
Fields, the abode of the good.

The most remarkable features in the geography of the
infernal world were five rivers, namely, Ach eron, Co-
c/tus, Styx, Phleg'ethon, and Le'the, (Gr. MiSri,) the river
of Oblivion. Departed souls about to enter Elysium
drank of the river Lethe and forgot all their troubles, or,
as some say, forgot all the past :

" Secures lances et longa oblivia potanL"*

VIRGIL: sEnrid, book vi. 715.

The Styx was said to encompass the kingdom of Pluto
seven or nine times with its circumvolutions, and was
described as a sluggish stream, for which reason it n>
sometimes called the Stygian pool or lake. The soula



"They quaff profound oblivion, secure from pain and woe."



fas k; c as s; g hard; g asy; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23. )



PLUTO N



1972



POEL1TZ



of the dead were carried across the Styx in a boat by
Charon. The gods usually swore by the river Styx.
Phlegethon was described as a river of fire, and Cocytus
as a branch or affluent of the STYX, which see.

Among the most celebrated adventures of Pluto was
the abduction of Proseipine, whom he married. The
poets feigned that he possessed a helmet which rendered
the wearer invisible. (See an ample and admirable de-
scription of Pluto's dominions in Virgil's "^Jneid,"
book vi. passim.)

Fluton. See PLUTO.

Plutone. See PLUTO.

Plu'tus, [Gr. lUavrof ; It. PLUTO, ploo'to,] in the
Greek mythology, the god of riches, was said to be a son
of lasion and Ceres. The poets relate that Jupiter de-
prived him of sight in order that he might distribute
riches blindly and bestow his favours indiscriminately
on the evil and the good. He was represented as lame,
because he generally comes so slowly to those who seek
him ; yet he had wings, to indicate how swiftly he often
forsakes those whom he seems most to favour. (See
KUVERA.)

Pluvinel, de, deh plii've'nSl', (ANTOINE,) a French-
man, noted for his skill in horsemanship, was born in
Dauphine in 1555. He was under-governor (sous-
gvnvtrndtr) of the dauphin, (Louis XIII.,) and wrote a
work called "Manege Royal," (1623.) Died in 1620.

Plu'vl-us, (i.e. " the rainy,") a surname of Jupiter
among the Romans, who invoked him during long
droughts.

Pluymer, ploi'mer, (JAN,) a mediocre Dutch poet,
oorn at Amsterdam, wrote during the reign of William
III. of England, and published a volume of verses in
1691.

Po, del, del po, (PiETRO,) an Italian painter and en-
graver, born at Palermo in 1610, was a pupil of Domeni-
chino. Died at Naples in 1692. His son GIACOMO.
born at Rome in 1654, was a painter. He worked at
Naples with success. Died in 1726.

Po-ca-hon'tas, daughter of Powhatan, an Indian
chief of Virginia, is celebrated for her heroism in inter-
ceding for the life of Captain Smith, who was con-
demned to death by her father. She was afterwards
converted to Christianity, and married to John Rolfe,
an English gentleman. Among her descendants in Vir-
ginia was the celebrated John Randolph. Died in 1617.

Poocetti, pot-chet'tee, properly BERNARDINO Bar-
batelli, (baR-ba-tel'lee,) a skilful Italian painter, born at
Florence about 1542. He painted figures, landscapes,
flowers, and draperies with success, and displayed a
great fertility of invention. Among his works is " The
Mission of the Apostles." " He was considered," says
Paries, " the Paul Veronese of his school." Died at
Florence in 1612.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Pocoi, pot'chee, (FRANZ,) COUNT, a poet and de-
signer, of Italian origin, was born at Munich in 1807.
He wrote verses and tales. Died May 7, 1876.

Pochard, po'shin', (JEAN,) a French ecclesiastic,
born near Pontarlier in 1715. He wrote "Method for
the Guidance of Souls," (" Methode pour la Direction
des Ames," 1772.) Died in 1786.

Pocholle, po'shol', (PIERRE POMPONNE AMEDBE,) a
French revolutionist, born at Dieppe in 1764, was a
member of the Convention of 1792. Died in 1832.

Pockels, pok'kels, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a German
moralist, born near Halle in 1757. He wrote, besides
other works, " An Essay on the Character of Women,"
(5 vols., 1799-1802,) and "Man," ("Der Mann," 4 vols.,
1805-08.) Died in 1814.

Po'cock, (EDWARD,) an eminent English divine and
Orientalist, born at Oxford in 1604, studied in Corpus
Chiisti College. He passed about six years at Aleppo
as chaplain to the English merchants, (1630-36,) and
learned Arabic, Syriac, Hebrew, etc. In 1636 he be-
came the first professor of Arabic at Oxford. Pocock is
said to have been the best Arabic scholar of his time in
England. He was presented to the rectory of Childrey
in 1643, and obtained the chair of Hebrew at Oxford in
i6\&. He published in 1648-50 " Specimen Historiae
Arabum," consisting of extracts from the History of



Aboolfaraj, (Abulpharagius,) with a Latin version and
notes. His most important work is a Latin translation
of the entire History of the same author, which was pub-
lished (with the original text) in 1663, in two volumes.
Died at Oxford in 1691.

See a " Life of E. Pocock," prefixed to his theological works, by
LEONARD TWELLS, 1740.

Pocock, (EDWARD,) an Oriental scholar, a son of the
preceding, was born about 1646. He published in 1671
the Arabic text, with a Latin version, of a work of
Ibn-Tofayl, "Self-Taught Philosopher," (" Philosophus
autodidactos.")

Pocock, (ISAAC,) an English painter and dramatist,
born at Bristol in 1782 ; died in 1835.

Pococke, po'kok, (RICHARD,) an English traveller,
born at Southampton in 1704. He travelled in Egypt,
Palestine, Syria, etc. in 1734-41, and published a " De-
scription of the East and of Some Other Countries," (3
vols., 1743-45,) which was highly esteemed. He became
Bishop of Ossory in 1756, and Bishop of Meath in 1765.
Among his other works is a " Description of the Giants'
Causeway." Died in 1765.

Poczobut de, deh potch'o-boot, (MARTIN,) a Polish
astronomer, born near Grodno in 1729; died in 1810.

Podesta, po-d?s-tl', ( GIAMBATTISTA, ) an Italiar
Orientalist, bom in Istria. He became professor of
Arabic at Vienna in 1674, and published "Grammatical
Course of Oriental Languages," (" Cursus grammatical
Linguarum Orientalium," 3 vols., 1687-1703.)

Podiebrad, pod-ya'brld, (GEORGE,) King of Bo-
hemia, born in 1420. He commanded an army of
Hussites in the civil war about 1450, and was elected
king in 1458, with the concurrence of the Catholic
nobles. In 1466 he was excommunicated by Pope Paul
II., because he maintained the right of communion
under two forms. The pope also caused a crusade to
be preached against him. In 1467 he was involved in
a war against Matthias Corvinus, whom he defeated.
He is said to have been an able and patriotic ruler.
He died in 1471, and was succeeded by Ladislaus of
Poland.

See M. JORDAN, "Das Konigthum Georgs Podiebrad," 1861;
" Nouvelle Biographic Ginerale."

Poe, po, (EDGAR ALLAN,) a distinguished American
poet, born in Boston, January 19, 1809. He graduated
at the University of Virginia, and, having spent a year
in Europe, became successively editor of the " Southern
Literary Messenger" at Charleston, and the " Gentle-
man's Magazine" and "Graham's Magazine" at Phila-
delphia. In 1844 he took charge of the "Broadway
Journal," New York. He died at Baltimore, in 1849,
of delirium tremens. Among his principal prose works
are " The Fall of the House of Usher," " Tales of the
Grotesque and Arabesque," and " The Gold Bug." His
" Raven" and other small poems have been much admired.
He also wrote a collection of critical essays. " His
poems," says R. W. Griswold, "are constructed with
wonderful ingenuity and finished with consummate art.
They illustrate a morbid sensitiveness of feeling, a
ihadowy and gloomy imagination, and a taste almost
faultless in the apprehension of that sort of beauty mojt
agreeable to his temper."

See GRISWOLD, " Poets and Poetry of America," and a " Memoir
of Poe," prefixed to a collection of his works published by R. W.
GRISWOLD. in 3 vols. ; " Edinburgh Review" for April, 1858 : " North
American Review" for October, 1856; " Eraser's Magazine" for
June, 1857.

FoeL, van der, vSn der pool, (EGBERT,) a Dutch
painter, born at Rotterdam about 1620. He painted
landscapes, interiors, and nocturnal conflagrations with
success. Died about 1690.

Poelemburg, poo'iem-buRG', (CoRNELis,) surnamed
IL BRUSCO and IL SATIRO, an eminent Dutch painter,
born at Utrecht in 1586, was a pupil of Abraham Bloe-
maert. After spending manyyears at Rome and Florence,
he was invited to England by Charles I., for whom he
painted some works. He excelled in landscape-painting,
and also produced several historical pictures. Died at
Utrecht in 1660.

See CHARLES BLANC, " La Vie de Peintre*."

Poelitz. See POLITZ.



a, e, I, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fit; met; nflt; good; m<5rro



POELLN1TZ



1973



POINSOT



Poellnitz. See PpLLWTZ.

Poeppig. See POPPIG.

Poerio, po-a're-o, (CARLO,) a liberal Italian politician,
born at Naples in 1803. He was minister of public in-
struction at Naples for a short time in 1848. He was
arrested by order of the Neapolitan government in
July, 1849, and condemned to twenty-four years' im-
prisonment and hard labour. The cruel treatment
inflicted on him and others was denounced by Mr.
Gladstone in a famous letter to Lord Aberdeen. He
escaped, or was released, about 1858, after which he
was a member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
Died in 1867.

Poerio, (GIUSEPPE,) an eloquent Italian advocate,
born at Catanzaro, was the father of the preceding. He
was an active supporter of the republic formed at Naples
hi 1799. In 1808 he was appointed procureur-gineral
by Murat. Died at Florence in 1843.
'Poerner. See PORNER.

Poersou, po'eVs6N', (CHARLES FRANCOIS,) a French
painter of history, born in Paris about 1652 ; died at
Rome in 1725.

Poey, po'a, (ANDRES,) a Cuban scientist, a son of
Felipe Poey, was born at Havana in 1827. He wrote
many works on meteorology. He published and edited
a series of works called " La Bibliotheque positiviste,"
(1875 et stq.)

Poey, (FELIPE,) a Cuban zoologist, born in Havana
in 1802. While a law-student in Madrid he had to es-
cape to Paris, being involved in some political conspiracy.
After 1830 he went to Havana, where he became pro-
fessor of natural history in the university. He published
" La Centurie des Le'pidopteres," (1828,) works on Cuba,
(1840, 1842,) "Geografia universal," (1842,) "Memorias
sobre la Historia de la Isla de Cuba," (1864,) etc. He


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 233 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425

Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 233 of 425)