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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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which is not extant.

Polycrate. See POLYCRATES

Fo-lyc'ra-tei, I Gr. no/Uwpan/f ; Fr. POLYCRATE,
po'le'kktt',] tyrant of Samos, usurped the royal power
about 532 B.C. He formed a powerful navy, and con-
quered sume other islands. He patronized literature
and the arts, and constructed some grand public works.
His court was the resort of eminent artists and poets,
among whom was Anacreon. He defended Samos with
success against an attack of the Spartans and Corinthians.
In 522 B.C. he was induced to go to Sardis by the satrap
Oroetes, who treacherously put him to death.

See HERODOTUS, "History," book iii. ; VEEGHNS, " Dissertatio
historica de Polycrate Samio," 1839. Fora popular legend respecting
Polycrates, see SCHILLHR'S poem entitled " Der Ring des Polysrates."

Polycrates, an Athenian orator and Sophist, who
was a contemporary of Socrates. He taught at Athens
and Cyprus.

Pol-^-dec'tea, [Uolvieimif,] a Greek sculptor, who
worked at Rome in the first century after Christ.

Polydeuces. See POLLUX.

Polydore. See POLYDORUS.

Polydore Vergil. See VERGIL.

Fol-y-do'rus, |Gr. rioAMupof ; Fr. POLYDORE, po'-
le'doR',] a son of Cadmus and Harmonia, was King of
Thebes, and the father of Labdacus.

Polydorus, [Eng. POLYDORE, pol'e-dor,] the youngest
on of Priam, was, according to the ancient poets, com-
mitted to the care of Polymestor, King of Thrace, by his
father, who sent with him a large sum of money. Poly-
mestor killed the young prince and appropriated the

Polydorus, a king of Sparta, was a son of Alca-
menes, and the father of Eurycrates. He lived about
725 B.C.

Polydorus, a sculptor of Rhodes, aided Agesander
(who is supposed to have been his father) in the execu-
tion of the famous group of Laocoon. He is mentioned
by Pliny.

Fol-y-euc'tus, [Gr. TliMevKTos; Fr. POLYEUCTE, po'
le'ukt',] an Athenian orator, lived about 325 B.C. He
was a political friend of Demosthenes, and an adversary
of Phocion.

Polygnote. See POLYGNOTUS.

Pol-yg-no'tus, [Gr. UoMyvarof ; Fr. POLYGNOTE,
po'leg'not'; Ger. POLYGNOTOS, po-lig-no'tos,] an excel-
lent Greek painter, born in the island of Thasos, was a
son and pupil of Aglaophon. He flourished from about
460 to 430 B.C., was a contemporary of Phidias, and was a
brother of the painter Aristophon. He became a citizen
of Athens and a friend of Cimon, who employed him to
ornament the temple of Theseus. He painted gratui-
tously the Poecile or portico of Athens. After the death
of Cimon (449 B.C.) Polygnotus probably retired from
Athens, and applied himself to the decoration of the
great temple at Delphi. He is styled " the Homer of
painting," because he treated his subjects in an epic
rather than a dramatic spirit. Pliny represents him as
the first who painted women with transparent or shining
drapery, (lucida veste,) and the first who contributed
much to the progress of the art. He had imagination
in the highest degree. In allusion to the ideal charac-
ter and moral expression of his works, Aristotle calls
him an ethic painter. The same critic s s, in another
passage, Polygnotus represented men better than they
are, (or superior to nature.) Died about 426 B.C. Among
his works were the " Marriage of the Daughters ol

^eucippus," the " Capture of Troy," and the " Visit of
Jlysses to the Lower World."

See PLINY, "Natural History;" PAUSANIAS, i., il., and x. ;
SILLIG, "Catalogus Artificum;" SUIDAS, "Polygnotus;" OTTO
AHN, "Die Gemalde des Polygnotos in der Lesche zu Delphi,"
841 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Gent-rale."

Fol-y-his'tor, [IloXworup,] (ALEXANDER, or ALEX-
ANDER CORNELIUS,) a Greek geographer and historian,
>orn in Phrygia or Miletus, lived at Rome about So B.C.
rle was surnamed POLYHISTOR on account of his great
earning, and is often quoted by Pliny the Elder. He
wrote a description of many countries, in forty books.
^Jone of his works are extant.
Polyide. See POLYIDUS.

Pol-y-hym'nI-a or Po-ljrm'nl-a, [from vo^vf,
'much," or "many," and fyivof, a "hymn," or "song,"]
he name of the muse who presided over singing ana
rhetoric, and was supposed to be the inventress of

Pol-y-i'dus, [Gr. Uokiil&of ; Fr. POLYIDE, po'le'6d',] a
soothsayer of classic mythology, who was fabled to have
restored to life Glaucus, a son of Minos. This story
was a favourite subject of ancient poets and artists.

Polyidus, [no/Uttfioc,] an Athenian poet, musician, and
painter, lived about 400 B.C. His productions (dithy-
ambs) were very popular.

Pol-y-mes'tor or Pol-ym-nes'tor, a fabulous king
of Thrace, was said to have been a son-in-law of Priam.
He murdered POLYDORUS, which see. His story is related
with much variation by different writers, some of whom
say that he killed his own son by mistake instead of

Pol-ym-nes'tus [U-o^vfivrimof] or Pol-jrm-nas'tuB
OF COLOPHON, an epic and lyric poet, and musician, lived
about 660 B.C.

Polynice. See POLYNICES.

Pol-f -m'ces or Fol-y-nei'ces, [Gr. TIoXweiiaK ; Fr.
POLYNICE, po'le'ness',] a son of CEdipus, King of Thebes.,
and Jocasta. He made an agreement with his brother
Eteocles that they should each reign one year alternately.
Eteocles, having reigned the first year, refused to resign
the throne. The cause of Polynices was espoused by
Adrastus, King of Argos, who led the famous expedition
against Thebes. Polynices and Eteocles killed each other
in single combat.

See SOPHOCLES, "CEdipus et Colonus;" EURIPIDES, "Phoe-

Polypheme. See POLYPHEMUS.

Fol-y-phe'mus, [Gr. noAM^of; Fr. POLYPHEME,
po'le'fim',] a Cyclops or giant of Sicily, who was said
to have one eye in his forehead, and was called a son of
Neptune. Homer relates in the " Odyssey" a famous
adventure of Ulysses in the cave of Polyphemus. (See,
also, Virgil's " Aneid," book iii. 617-676.)

Fol-ys-per'chon, [Gr. UoXiwrnp^uv,] a Macedonian
general, who' in 332 B.C. obtained command of a division
in the phalanx of Alexander. He served in the cam-
paign of India, and was second in command of a body
of veterans which Craterus conducted home in 323 B.C.
During the absence of the regent Antipater in 321, he
had the chief command in Macedonia and Greece.
He became regent in 319 B.C., at the death of Antipater,
who designated him as his successor. A coalition was
formed against him by Antigonus and Cassander, who
expelled him from Macedonia in 316 B.C. In 310 he
raised an army to obtain the crown for Heracles, (a son
of Alexander and Barsina,) but, having been corrupted
by Cassander, he procured the assassination of that
youth. Died after 303 B.C.

See GKOTE, "History of Greece:" DIODORUS SICULUS, books
xvii.-xx. ; DROYSEN, "Geschichte der Nachfolger Alexanders."

Polystrate. See POLYSTRATUS.

Po-lyVtra-tus, [Gr. UtMoTparof ; Fr. POLYSTRATE,
po'le'stRf t',] 'a Greek Epicurean philosopher, who suc-
ceeded Hermarchus as the head of the school. He
lived probably about 250 B.C.

Po-lyx'e-ua, [Gr. Uo^lvri; Fr. POLYXENE, polek'-
s&n',] a daughter of Priam, King of Troy, was beloved
by Achilles. According to one tradition, she was sacri-
ficed by the Greeks on the tomb of Achilles.

Folyxene. See POLYXENA.

Pomarancio, po-ma-ran'cho, the surname of NiccoLO
CIRCIGNANI, (cheR-chen-ya'nee,) an Italian painter, born

as k: 9 as s; g hard; g as ;'; G, H, K, guttural : N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; *h as in this. (J^="See Explanations, p. 23.)




at Pomarancio, near Volterra. He worked in Rome, and
aided Titian in the Belvedere of the Vatican. One of
his latest works is dated 1591.

Pomare, po-ma'ra, ( AIM ATA,) Queen of Tahiti, was
born about 1822. Several chiefs having in 1842 placed
the island under the protection of France, she protested
against the act. The French admiral Du Petit-Thouars
attempted to depose her by force, but his act was dis-
avowed by the French court. She abdicated in favour
of her son, Tamatoa, in 1852.

Pomarius, po-ma're-us, the Latin name of SAMUEL
BAUMGARTEN, (bowm'gaR'ten,) a German Protestant
minister and writer, born in 1624; died in 1683.

Pombal, de, da pom-bal' or p6N-bal', (Dom SEBAS-
TiXo JOZE de Carvallio di kaR-val'yo,) MARQUIS,
Count of Oeyras, an eminent Portuguese statesman, born
at Soura, near Coimbra, in 1699. He studied law at
Coimbra, and was sent as envoy-extraordinary to London
in 1739. He married a niece of the Austrian general
Daun, who gained the favour of the Queen of Portugal.
By her influence Carvalho became minister of foreign
affairs in 1750. He greatly increased the prosperity of
Portugal, by the promotion of education, manufactures,
commerce, etc. He reduced the power of the Inquisition,
and banished the Jesuits in 1759. His administrative
talents appear to have been of a high order. In 1770 he
received the title of Marquis de Pombal. His reforms
and his severity towards some of the nobility, who were
suspected of complicity in a plot against the king's life,
rendered him unpopular. He was deprived of power at
the death of Joseph I., in 1777. Died in 1782.

Pomerancio. See RONCALLI.

Pomeranus. See BCOENHAGEN.

Pom'eroy, (MARCUS MILLS,) an American jour-
nalist, born at Elmira, New York, in 1833. He founded
a number of newspapers, and came to be known as
Brick Pomeroy, from his " Brickdust Sketches."
During part of the war he strongly denounced the
policy of the government. In 1876 he started a Green-
back organ. His latest scheme was to tunnel the
Rocky Mountains, in which he failed after much work
had been done. Died in 1896.

Pomey, po'mj', (FRANCOIS ANNE,) a French Jesuit
and classical teacher, born at Pernes in 1619. He pub-
lished a work on mythology, " Mythological Pantheon,"
(1659,) and other works. Died in 1673.

F5m'fret, (JOHN,) an English poet, born in Bedford-
shire in 1667, became rector of Maiden. He wrote,
besides other poems, "The Choice," which was once
popular. " He pleases many," says Dr. Johnson ; "and
he who pleases many must have merit." Died in 1703.

Pommayrao, de, deh po'mi'rik', (PiERRE PAUL,) a
French painter of miniatures, was born in Porto-Rioo
about 1818. He worked in Paris, and obtained a medal
of the first class in 1842. Died July 10, 1880.

Pommer, pom'mer, (CHRISTOPH FRIEDRICH,) a Ger
man physician, born in 1787 ; died in 1841.

Pommeraye, porn'ri', (JEAN FRANCOIS,) a French
monk, born at Rouen in 1617. He wrote a "History
of the Archbishops of Rouen," (1667.) Died in 1687.

Pommereul, de, deh pom'rul', (FRANCOIS REN*
JEAN,) BARON, a French general and politician, born in
Bretagne in 1745 ; died in 1823.

Pommier, po'me-4', (VICTOR Louis AMETJEE,) a
French poet, was borrT at Lyons in 1804. He obtained
several prizes of the French Academy for poems on the
"Discovery of Steam Power," (1848,) and other sub-
jects. He published "Poesies," (1832,) " Oce'anides et
Fantaisies," (1839,) and other collections. Died at Paris,
April 15, 1877.

Po-mo'na, [Fr. POMONE, po'mon'; from pomum, an
"apple,"] a Roman divinity supposed to preside over
the fruit which grows on trees.

Pompadour, de, deh p6N'pi'dooR', (Madame JEANNE
in 1721. She was married in 1741 to M. d'Etioles, a
publican. About 1744 her beauty and accomplishments
attracted the favour of Louis XV., who gave her the title
of Marquise de Pompadour in 1745. She retained a
dominant influence over him until her death, in 1764.

She appointed ministers and generals, received ambas-
sadors, and maintained correspondence with foreign
courts. Among her diplomatic acts was the coalition of
France with Austria against Frederick the Great, in 1756.
See " History of the Marchioness de Pompadour," London, 2
vols., 1758: SOULAVIH, "Me'moires de la Cour de France pendant
la Faveur de Madame de Pompadour," 1802 : CAPEFIGUH, " Madame
de Pompadour," 1858: VOLTAIRE. " Siecle de Louis XV;" L. 1JE
CARNE, " Le Gouvemement de Madame de Pompadour," in the
"Revue des Deux Mondes," January 15, 1859.

Pompee, the French for POMPEY, which see.

Pompei, pom-pa'ee, (GiROLAMO,) an Italian Hellenist
and translator, born at Verona in 1731. He produced
some successful verses, entitled " Pastoral Songs," (" Can-
zoni pastorali," 1766,) and several tragedies. His repu-
tation is founded chiefly on an Italian translation of
Plutarch's "Lives," (1772,) which is the best in that
language, and probably equal to the best version in any
language. Died at Verona in 1788.

See FONTANA, " De Vita et Scriptis Hier. Pompei," 1790; PIN-
DEMONTE, " Elogio storico di G. Pompei," 1789: TIPALDO, " Bio
grafia degli Italian! UlustrL"

Fompeius, (CNEius.) See POMPEY THE GREAT.

Pom-pe'ius, (QuiNTUS,) a Roman general and orator
was consul in 141 B.C. He commanded in Spain in 140,
and was defeated. In 131 B.C. he was elected censor.

Pompeius, (RuFUS Q.,) a son or grandson of the
preceding, was tribune of the people in loo B.C., and
praetor in 91. He became consul with L. Sulla in 88
B.C., and was a partisan of Sulla in the civil war. He
was killed by his mutinous soldiers in 88 or 87 B.C.

Pompeius Festus. See FESTUS.

Pompeius Magnus. See POMPEY THE GREAT.

Pom-pe'ius Stra'bo, (CNEius,) an able Roman
general, was the father of Pompey the triumvir. He
gained several victories in the Social war, and was a
partisan of the aristocracy in the civil war between Sulla
ind Marius. His avarice and cruelty rendered him
odious. He was killed by lightning in 87 B.C.

Pompeius Trogus. See TROGUS.

Pompeo. See POMPEY.

Pom'pey, [Lat. POMPE'IUS; Fr. PoMPBE, p6N'pl';
It. POMPEO, pom-pa'o,l (CNEIUS,) the eldest son of
Pompey the Great, was born about 78 B.C. His mothei
was Mucia. He commanded a fleet for his father in 48
B.C., and after the death of the latter sailed to Spain,
where he raised an army of thirteen legions. In 45 B.C.
this army encountered at Munda another, commanded
by Caesar in person, who gained a complete but not au
easy victory. Pompey was overtaken in his retreat
and killed.

Pompey, (Pompeius,) (SEXTUS,) a son of the trium-
vir, was born in 75 B.C. He waged war with some suc-
cess against Caesar in Spain after the battle of Munda.
Soon after the death of Caesar (44 B.C.) he was appointed
chief admiral of the fleet by the senate ; but he was
proscribed as an outlaw by Antony and Octavius. He
made himself master of Sicily, and, by means of his
formidable fleet, obstructed the supply of corn which
the Romans received by sea. The officers of Sextus
gained several victories over the fleet of Octavius. In
36 B.C. Agrippa defeated Pompey, who fled to Asia and
was put to death in 35 B.C. by the officers of Antony.

See APPIAN, " Bellum Civile."

Pompey the Great, [Lat. POMPE'IUS MAG'NUS ,
Fr. POMPEE LE GRAND, pON'pa' l?h gR&N,] (CNEIUS,)
a famous Roman general and triumvir, was born on
the 3Oth of September, 106 B.C., in the same year as
Cicero. He fought under his father in the Social war,
(89 B.C.,) and saved his father's life when Cinna attempted
to assassinate him in 87 B.C. He raised, without a com-
mission, three legions to fight for Sulla against the
party of Marius in 83 B.C., and began to display his
great military talents in the defeat of a hostile force
under Brutus. For this success Sulla saluted him with
the title of impcrater. He gained another victory over
the legates of Carbo in 82 B.C., reduced Numidia in 81,
and obtained the honour of a triumph, although he
was but a simple tques.

In 76 B.C. he obtained command of an army sent to
Spain against Sertorius, who defeated Pompey in two
battles, but was assassinated in the vear 72, soon after

a. e. T, o, u, y, long: 4, 4, 6, same, less prolonged; 5, e, I, o, ii, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon;




which Spain was reduced to subjection. With a high
degree of popularity, Pompey returned to Italy in 71 B.C.,
nd was elected consul (with Crassus) for the year 70,
although he had not held any of the lower civil offices
and was not legally eligible for other reasons. Among
the important acts of his administration was the restora-
tion of the power of the tribunes, by which he signalized
his defection from the aristocratic party. He remained
t Rome inactive during 69 and 6S n.c. In the next
year his friends procured the passage of a law by which
he was selected to conduct a war against the pirates
(who infested the Mediterranean in great numbers) and
was invested with irresponsible power for three years.
He performed this service with complete success in less
than one year, and, it is said, took 20,000 prisoners.

The next enterprise to which he was called by his own
ambition and the favour of the people was the termina-
tion of the Mithridatic war, which had been protracted
for years. His claims having been advocated by Cicero
in a long oration, (" Pro I.ege Manilla,") he superseded
Lucullus in 66 B.C. He defeated Mithridates in Lesser
Armenia in the same year, and after that king had
escaped to the Crimea, which was difficult of access
to the Roman army, Pompey turned southward, and
reduced Syria to a Roman province in 64 B.C. After a
siege of three months, he captured Jerusalem in 63, and
entered the sanctuary of the Temple. Having received
intelligence of the death of Mithridates, and having re-
duced Pontus and Bithynia to subjection, he returned to
Italy in 62 B.C., and was received with general enthusiasm.
The triumph which he obtained on this occasion was the
most brilliant which the Romans had ever witnessed.
Offended by the refusal of the senate to sanction his
public acts in Asia, he identified himself with the popu-
lar party, and formed with Caesar and Crassus a coalition
or triumvirate, (59 B.C.) Pompey, having divorced Mucia,
his third wife, married Julia, a daughter of Caesar. He
made no effort to prevent the banishment of Cicero, but
he supported the bill for his restoration, in 57 B.C. His
popularity was now on the decline. He had lost the
confidence of the senate by his coalition with Caesar, who
was his successful rival in respect to the favour of the
people. Pompey could only obtain the consulship in 55
B.C. by the aid of Caasar, with whom he and Crassus had
formed another secret treaty or bargain.

Anticipating the open hostility of Caesar to his ambi-
tious projects, Pompey renewed his connection with the
aristocracy, who accepted him as their leader in 51 B.C.
About the end of the next year the friends of Pompey
obtained a decree of the senate that Caesar should dis-
band his army. In defiance of this decree, Caesar marched
to Rome with a force which Pompey was unable to resist
His self-confidence was such that he had neglected to
levy troops, and he was compelled to retreat to Epirus,
where he collected an army. (See C/ESAR.) Urged on
by the civilians and nobles of his camp, against his own
judgment he offered battle to Caesar in the plain of
Pharsalia in August, 48 B.C. and was completely defeated.
He escaped by sea, with his wife Cornelia, and sought
refuge in Egypt, but was murdered in the act of landing,
by order of Theodotus and Achillas, the chief ministers,
in September, 48 B.C. His moral character is repre-
sented as better than that of the majority of Roman
generals in his time. He was deficient in political
abilities, and was guided by no fixed principles as a

See PLUTARCH, "Life of Pompey;" G. LONG, "The Decline ol
the Roman Republic ;" DION CASSIUS, " History ;" CICERO, "Ora-
tio pro Lege Manilla;" DRUMANN, "Geschichte Roros ;" APPIAN,
41 Bellum Civile ;" J. UPMARCK, " Dissertatio de Porapejo Magn
1709; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"neVale."

Pompignan, de, deh p6N'p6n'yoN', (JEAN GEORGES
LE FRANC,) a French prelate, born at Montauban in
1715. He became Archbishop of Vienne in 1774, and
a member of the States-General in 1789. He was the
head of that party of the clergy which united with the
Tiers-fitat. Died in 1790.

Pompignan, de, (JEAN JACQUES LE FRANC,) MAR-
QUIS, a French poet, born at Montauban in 1709, was a
brother of the preceding. He produced in 1734 a suc-
cessful tragedy of "Dido," ("Didon,") and in 1740 a
Doem entitled "Voyage de Languedoc et de Provence."

His " Sacred Poems" ( " Poesies sacries sur divers
Sujets," 1751) were admired. He was admitted into the
French Academy in 1759, and pronounced a discourse
against the skeptical philosophers which provoked the
satire of Voltaire. He wrote various other poems,
among which is a beautiful "Ode on the Death of J.
B. Rousseau." Died in 1784.

See BERTRAND BARBRH, " Eloge de Le Franc de Pompignan,"
1785 : OABKT, " Notice de Le Franc de Pompienan," prefixed to hi
5elecl Wnrki. 2 vols. , 1822 ; MARMONTEL, " Memoires ;" LA HARPK
'' Cours de LitteVature ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Pomponace. See POMPONAZZI.

Fomponatius. See POMPONAZZI.

Pomponazzi, pom-po-nat'see, [Lat. POMPONA'TIUS;
Fr. POMPONACE, pAN'po'nfss',] ( PIETRO, ) an Italian
philosopher, born at Mantua in 1462. lie taught the
philosophy of Aristotle at Padua, Ferrara, and Bologna,
In his treatise "On the Immortality of the Soul" (1516)
lie gave offence by affirming that Aristotle did not teach
that doctrine. Among his works is a "Treatise on Fate.
Free Will," etc., (1567.) Died about 1524.

Pompone. See POMPONNE.

Pomponio Leto. See POMPONIUS L^TJJS.

Pom-po'nl-us, (SEXTUS,) a Roman jurist, who is
supposed to have lived in the reigns of Hadrian and
Antoninus Pius. Many extracts from his works are
found in the Digest.

Pomponius Atticus. See ATTICUS.

Pom-po'nI-usLse'tvi3,(]ee'tiis,) | It. POMPONIO LETO,
pom-po'ne-o la'to,! (JULIUS,) an Italian antiquary and
scholar, born in Upper Calabria in 1425, was sometimes
called PIETRO DI CALABRIA. He succeeded Professor
Lorenzo Valla at Rome in 1457, and founded there an
academy for the cultivation of Roman antiquities and
classic learning, which was suppressed by Paul II. in
1468. He and other members of this academy were
persecuted by Paul II. on a charge of treason and heresy.
Pope Sixtus IV. permitted him to resume his chair in
the Roman College in 1471. He wrote a " Compendium
of Roman History from the Death of Gordian to Justinus
III.," (1498,) and other works. Died in 1497.

See M. A. SABELLICUS, "Vita Ppmponii Lzti," 1310: TIRA-
BOSCHI, "Storia della Letteratura Italiana;" GINGUHN*, " Histoire
Litte'raire d'ltalie."

Pompouius Mela. See MELA.

Fomponne, de, deh pfiN'pon', (SIMON ARNAULD,)
MARQUIS, a French minister of state, born in 1618, was
a son of Robert Arnauld d'Andilly. He became min-
ister-secretary of state for foreign affairs in 1671, and
was removed in 1679. He was recalled at the death of
Louvois, in 1691. He left a high reputation for probity
and for skill in diplomacy. Died in 1699.

See SAINT- SIMON, " Me'raoires ;" SISMONDI, "Histoire des

Pona, po'ni, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian physician and
writer, born at Verona in 1594. He gained distinction
as a writer of numerous works, among which were some
romances, dramas, scientific treatises, etc. He received
the title of historiographer from the emperor Ferdinand
III. Died after 1652.

Ponce, pANSs, (NICOLAS,) a French engraver, born in
Paris in 1746. He wrote notices of several artists for
the " Biographic Universelle." Died in 1831.

Ponce, pAn'tha, ( PEDRO, ) a Spanish Benedictine
monk, born at Valladolid about 1525. He is the reputed
inventor of the art of teaching the dumb to converse.
According to Ambrosio Morales, fee was very successful,
and trained his pupils to speak viva voct. No account
of his method is extant. Died in 1584.

Ponce de Leon, pAn'tha da la-An', [sometimes
Anglicized in pronunciation as pAnss de le'on,] (JuAN,)
a Spanish discoverer of Florida, was born in Leon.
He accompanied Columbus in his second voyage,
(1493,) and served in Hispaniola under Ovando. In
1508 he commanded an expedition to Porto Rico, which
he conquered. Having heard an Indian tradition of
a fountain of rejuvenescence in one of the Bahama isles,
he searched for that fountain in 1512 without success, but
he discovered Florida the same year. He was mortally
wounded in a fight with some natives of Florida in
1521, and died in Cuba.

See HKRRERA. " Novus Obis ;" OVIHDO, " HUtoria general."

e as k; 5 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this,

Explanations, p. 23.)





Ponce de Leon, (Luis,) a Spanish lyric poet, born
at Granada in 1528. He became professor of theology
at Salamanca about 1562. He translated Virgil's " Ec-
logues," two books of the "Georgics," and many odes
of Horace. He wrote odes remarkable for beauty of
style and elevation of thought, which are highly praised

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 236 of 425)