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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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"The Fast of Saint Magdalene," and "The Barony.
Died in 1832.

Porter, (DAVID,) an American commodore, born at
Boston in 1780. He became captain of the frigate Essex
in July, 1812, and in the same year captured the vessel-
of-war Alert and a number of British trading-vessels.
He performed a cruise in the Pacific Ocean with the
Essex in 1813, and took many prizes. In March, 1814,
the Essex was attacked near Valparaiso by two British
vessels, and, after a long and desperate resistance, was
captured. Porter served as a naval commissioner from
1815 to 1823, was sent as charge-d'affaires to Turkey in
1831, and became minister resident at Constantinople
in 1839. He died at Pera in 1843. He was the father
of Admiral D. D. Porter and Commodore William D.
Porter.

See the "Quarterly Review" for July, 1815.

Porter, (DAVID D.,) an admiral, a son of the preced-
ing, was born in or near Philadelphia in June, 1813. He
entered the navy as midshipman in 1829, and became a
lieutenant about 1841. He served in the naval operations
against the Mexicans in 1846-47. In 1861 he was pro-
moted to the rank of commander. He commanded the
mortar-boats, twenty-one in number, which bombarded
Forts Jackson and Saint Philip, below New Orleans,
April 18-24, '^62. These forts were surrendered to him
an the 28th. In September or October, 1862, he took
command of a flotilla of gunboats on the Mississippi
River. He aided the land army in the capture of Arkan-
sas Post, January, 1863, and co-operated with General
Grant in his operations against Vicksburg. For his
services in the reduction of the last-named place he was
promoted to the rank of rear-admiral by a commission
dated July 4, 1863. Co-operating with General Banks
in an expedition against Shreveport, he ascended Red
River with a fleet of iron-clad gunboats to a point many
miles above Grand Score, in April, 1864. He com-
manded the naval forces in the attack on Fort Fisher
in December, 1864, and bombarded the same fort with
success on the I4th and I5th of January, 1865. Ac-
cording to General Grant, this was " the most formidable
armada ever collected for concentration upon one given
point." He was appointed vice-admiral July 25, 1866,
and admiral in August, 1870, a higher rank than was
held by any other officer in the navy. Died Feb. 13, 1891.
Porter, (Frrz-JoHN,) an American general, born in
New Hampshire, graduated at West Point in 1845. He
became a captain in 1856, and a colonel in 1861. He
commanded a corps at the battle of Gaines's Mill, June
27, and at Malvern Hill, July I, 1862, and for his bravery
in these engagements, in which he had to sustain the
brunt of the enemy's attack, was appointed a major-
general of volunteers the same month. His corps took
no part in the battle of Bull Run, August 29 and 30,

1862, although it was " within sight and sound of the
battle." For this delinquency he was censured by Gen-
eral Pope, tried by a court-martial, cashiered in January,

1863, and dismissed from the service. In 1870 he ap-
pealed to President Grant for a reversal of the decision
of the court-martial. The charges were re-examined
under President Hayes, and he was found not guilty.
He was reinstated as colonel in 1886, and at once
retired. He was police commissioner of New York
188488, fire commissioner 1889, and cashier of the
post-office 1893-97.

Porter, (FRANCIS,) an Irish Catholic priest and writer,
became a resident of Rome, where he died in 1702.

Porter, (GEORGE RICHARDSON.) an English writer on
trade, manufactures, etc., was born in London in 1792.
He wrote a valuable work on "The Progress of the Na-
tion in its Social and Commercial Relations," (3 vols..



1836-39.) In 1841 he became a secretary to the board
of trade. He was the author or compiler of statistical
tables issued annually by that board, and wrote a treatise
" On the Manufacture of Porcelain and Glass," (1842.)
Died in 1852 or 1855.

Porter. (HORACE,) diplomatist, was born at Hunt-
ingdon, Pennsylvania, in 1837. He became a briga-
dier-general in the civil war, was private secretary to
President Grant 1869-77, and was appointed ambas-
sador to France in 1897. Rewrote "Campaigning
with Grant."

Porter, (JANE,) an English novelist, born at Durham
in 1776, was a sister of^Sir Robert Ker Porter. Sha
lived with her mother and her sister Anna Maria until
the death of the former, in 1831. She published in 1803
her first novel, "Thaddeus of Warsaw," which was very
successful. Her historical novel of "The Scottish
Chiefs" (1809) also found many admirers, although it is
very defective as a delineation of character and manners.
She succeeded in mystifying the public by her anony-
mous story "Sir Edward Seaward's Diary," (1831.)
Died in 1850.

See " Eraser's Magazine" for ApriH 1835, (with a portrait)
Porter, QOSIAS LESLIE,) D.D., an Irish divine, born
at Burt, county of Donegal, October 4, 1823. He was
educated at the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh,
and at the Free Church College, was ordained a Presby-
terian minister in 1846, and went in 1849 as a missionary
to Syria. He was afterwards professor of biblical criti-
cism in Assembly's College, Belfast. In 1879 he was
appointed president of Queen's College, Belfast. Among
his numerous books are "Five Years in Damascus,"
(1855,) "Giant Cities of Bashan," (1865,) "Through
Samaria," (1888,) etc. Died March 16, 1889.

Porter, (NOAH,) D.D., an able American writer on
psychology, was born at Farmington, Connecticut, in
! 1811. He graduated at Yale College in 1831, and in
1846 became professor of moral philosophy and meta-
physics in that institution, and its president 1871-86.
He published, besides other works, " The Human
Intellect," (1868,) "Books and Reading," (1870,)
"Moral Science," (1885,) etc. Died March 4,
1892.

Porter, (PETER BUEL,) an American general, born at
Salisbury, Connecticut, in 1773. On the breaking out
of the war of 1812 he was appointed quartermaster-
general of New York. He distinguished himself in the
battles of Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, and the other prin-
cipal actions of the war, and obtained a gold medal from
Congress for his services. He was appointed secretary
of war in May, 1828. General Porter was one of the
commissioners who explored a route for the Erie Canal.
Died in 1844.

Porter, (Sir ROBERT KER,) an English painter and
traveller, born at Durham about 1775, was a brother of
Anna Maria and Jane Porter. He became a student
of the Royal Academy, London, in 1790, and acquired
distinction as a painter of battles. Among his works are
"The Siege of Acre" and "The Battle of Agincourt,"
and an "Ecce Homo." He went to Russia in 1804, and
received the title of historical painter to the emperor.
Having traversed several countries of Asia from 1817 to
1820, he published " Travels in Georgia, Persia, Arme-
nia, Ancient Babylonia," etc., with engravings, (2 vols.,
1822.) Died at Saint Petersburg in 1842.

See the "Gentleman's Magazine" for July, 1843; " Monthly Re-
view" for September, 1821, and January and February, 1813.

Porter. (ROBERT P.,) an American journalist, was
born in Norfolk, England, in 1852. He came to the
United States as a boy, engaged in journalism in 1872,
made statistical reports on the census of 1880, and was
superintendent of the census of 1890. He studied in-
dustrial conditions in Europe for New York and Phila-
delphia papers. He published "The West in 1880,"
" Municipal Ownership at Home and Abroad," (1898,)
" Industrial Cuba," (1899,) etc.

Porter, (THOMAS CONRAD,) D.D., LL.D., an Ameri
can botanist, was born at Alexandria, Pennsylvania, Jan-
uary 22, 1822. He graduated at Lafayette College in



a, e, 1,0, u, y, /0y; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, p, obscure; far, fill, fit; mt; n6t; good; moon;



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1840, and at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1843,
and entered first the Presbyterian and then the German
Reformed ministry. In 1849 he became professor of
natural science in Marshall College, Mercersburg, in
1853 took the corresponding chair in Franklin College
at Lancaster, and in 1866 became professor of botany
and zoology in Lafayette College at Easton, Pennsyl-
vania. He has published various biographies, hymns,
poems, etc., chiefly from the German, but is best known
by his botanical labours and writings.

Porter, (WILLIAM D.,) an American naval officer,
born in New Orleans in 1809, was a son of Commodore
David Porter, noticed above. He entered the navy in
1823. In 1861 he took command of the iron-clad Essex
on the Mississippi River. He fought at Fort Henry,
where the Essex was disabled and Captain Porter was
severely scalded, in February, 1862. In August, 1862,
having repaired the Essex, he destroyed the strong
iron-clad ram Arkansas, between Baton Rouge and Vicks-
burg. He was promoted to the rank of commodore.
Died in 1864.

See J. T. HEADLHY, "Farragut and our Naval Commanders,"
1867.

Fortes, Des. See DESPORTES.

Por'te-tts, (BEILBY,) an English prelate of high repu-
tation, was born at York in 1731. He was educated
at Cambridge, where he gained the Seaton's prize for an
English poem " On Death." He was successively rector
of Hunton, prebendary of Peterborough, and rector of
Lambeth, (1767.) In 1769 he was appointed chaplain
to George III. He became Bishop of Chester in 1776,
and Bishop of London in 1787. His principal work is
a series of " Lectures on the Gospel of Matthew," which
are highly esteemed. His works were published in five
volumes (1811) by his nephew, Robert Hodgson. Died
in 1808.

See "Life of Bishop Porteus," by R. HODGSON, 1811.

Portia. See PORCIA.

Portier, poR'te-a', (MICHAEL,) D.D., a bishop, born
at Montbrison, France, September 7, 1795, was edu-
cated at Lyons. In 1817 he came to the United States,
and in 1818 became a Roman Catholic priest In 1826
he was consecrated titular Bishop of Oleno and ap-
pointed Vicar-Apostolic of Florida. In 1830 he was
named Bishop of Mobile, where he died, May 14, 1859.

Portland, DUKE OF. See BENTINCK.

Portland, EARL OF. See WESTON, (RICHARD.)

Fort'lock, (JOSEPH ELLISON,) LIEUTENANT-COLO-
NEL, an English engineer and geologist, born about
1795. He assisted Colby in the trigonometrical survey
of Ireland commenced about 1824, and produced an
able " Report on the Geology of the County of London-
derry and of Parts of Tyrone and Fermanagh," (1843.)
He also wrote on Geognosy and Palaeontology. He
was elected president of the Geological Society in 1856.
Died in 1864.

Porto - Alegre, poR'to a-la'gra, (MANOEL DE
ARAUJO,) a Brazilian lyric poet, known also as an artist
and architect. He was born at Rio Pardo, November
29, 1806. He wrote popular comedies, " Colombo," an
epic, and " Brasilianas," a collection of songs and short
pieces.

Fortogallo, poR-to-gil'lo, (MARCO ANTONIO SIMAO,)
a Portuguese composer, born at Lisbon in 1763. He
lived many years in Italy, and composed successful
operas. "Fernando in Messico" is called his master-
piece. Died in 1829.

Port-Royalists, a name popularly given to the mem-
bers of the celebrated convent or society of Port-Royal-
des-Champs, near Versailles. It fills a prominent place
in the history of the Jansenist controversy. The nuns
were removed to Paris about 1638, (or 1644, according
to Hallam,) after which the old convent of Port-Royal-
des-Champs became the residence of a community of
religious and learned men, who practised some monastic
austerities and were called "Les Solitaires de Port-
Royal." Among these recluses were Claude Lancelot,
Antoine Arnauld, Le Maistre de Sacy, Pierre Nicole,
and Blaise Pascal. They were leaders of the Jansenist
party. They opened a boarding-school which became
celebrated, and published several good works on gram-



mar. The convent of nuns was suppressed by Louis
XIV. in 1709. The history of Port-Royal has been
written by Racine, Reuchlin, Sainte-Beuve, and others.

See the " Edinburgh Review" for July, 1841 ; SAINTB-BEUVE,
"Histoire de Port-Royal," 4 vols., 184^-62: MARY ANNE SCHIM-



ELPENNINCK, " History of Port-Royal ;" BEARD, "Port-Royal, a
4ntributioo to the History of Religion," 1861.

Portsmouth, DUCHESS OF. See KEROUAL.

Fortugal, de, da poR-too-gil', (FRANCISCO,) Count
of Vimioso, a Portuguese nobleman and poet, born at
Ev'ora about 1490; died in 1549.

Porturnne. See PORTUMNUS.

Por-tum'nus or Por-tu'nus, [Fr. PORTUMNE, poR'-
tvimn',] a marine deity or genius among the Romans,
was regarded as the protector of ports and harbours,
and was identified with the PAL^MON of the Greek
mythology.

Portunus. See PORTUMNUS.

Fortus, poR'toos, (^EMILIUS,) an eminent critic and
editor, born at Ferrara in 1550. He was professor of
Greek at Lausanne from 1581 to 1591, soon after which
date he obtained the chair of Greek at Heidelberg. He
produced good editions (with Latin versions) of Thu-
cydides, Aristotle on Rhetoric, Xenophon, Euripides,
and other Greek authors. Among his works is "Lexi-
con Doricum-Graeco-Latinum," (1603.) Died in 1610.

Fortus, (FRANCIS,) an eminent philologist, father
of the preceding, was born in Candia (Crete) in 1511.
He became professor of Greek at M6dena in 1536, and
teacher of the sons of Renee, Duchess of Ferrara, in
1542. Having been converted to the Protestant faith,
he removed to Geneva in 1561, and obtained there
a chair of Greek in 1562. He wrote commentaries
on Aristotle, Pindar, Longinus, Thucydides, and other
Greeks. Died at Geneva in 1581.

See TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italiana ;" SAX,
"Onomasticon."

Po'rus, [Gr. IIupoc,] a king of India, who reigned
between the Hydaspes and Acesines when that country
was invaded by Alexander the Great, 326 B.C. He op-
posed the Macedonians with an army composed partly
of elephants, was defeated in a great battle, and taken
prisoner. When asked by the victor how he wished to be
treated, he answered, " Like a king." (Plutarch.) He was
restored to his kingdom by Alexander. He was killed
by Eudamus (or Eudemus) in 317 B.C. Another Porus
reigned at the same time east of the Acesines, (Chenab.)

Fory, por're, ? (JoHN,) an English geographer born
about 1570. He published a "Geographical History
of Africa, translated from Leo Africanus," (1600.) In
1616 he went to Virginia and became secretary to that
colony. Died after 1623.

Porzio, poRt'se-o, (Luc ANTONIO,) an Italian phy-
sician, born near Amalfi in 1639. He taught in Rome,
and published a work on the diseases and treatment of
soldiers, (1685, often reprinted.) Died in 1723.

Forzio or Porta, poR'ta, [Lat POR'TIUS,] (SIMONE,)
an Italian philosopher, bom at Naples in 1497. He pub
lished a treatise " On the Human Mind," (" De Humana
Mente," 1551,) and other works. Died in 1554.

Posadas, de las, da lls po-sl'Das, (MIGUEL,) a
Spanish painter, born at Segorbe in 1711 ; died in 1753.

Fo-sei'don or Fo-si'don, [Gr. ttoaeduv,] the Greek
name of the god of the sea. (See NEPTUNE.)

Poseidonius. See POSIDONIUS.

Fo'sey, (THOMAS,) an American general, born on the
banks of the Potomac, in Virginia, in 1750. He became
a captain in 1775, and served with distinction at the
battles near Saratoga and Stillwater, September 19 and
October 7, 1777. He took part in the capture o/ Stony
Point, July, 1779, and commanded a brigade of the army
which General Wayne led against the Indians in 1792.
He was Governor of Indiana from 1813 to 1816. Died
in 1818.

See JAMES HALL, "Memoir of Thomas Posey," in SPAKS>
" American Biography," vol. ix. of new series.

Posidippe. See POSIDIPPUS.

Pos-I-dip'pus, [Gr. IIoaMiTnrof ; Fr. POSIDIPPE, po'-
ze'dep',] a Greek comic writer, bom at Cassandria, in
Macedonia. He began to write about 290 B.C. His
works are lost



as it; 9 as 3; g hard; g asj; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as i; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23.



POSIDONIUS



1990



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PoB-I-do'nI-us or Fos-ei-do'nI-TJS. [HooeuSuvioc,]
a Greek Stoic philosopher, born at Apamea, in Syria,
about 135 B.C., was a disciple of Panaetius, whom he
Bucceeded as head of the school. He taught at Rhodes,
had a high reputation, and wrote works on astronomy,
history, geography, moral philosophy, etc., all of which
are lost. He was visited at Rhodes by Pompey about
68 B.C Cicero, who was one of his pupils, expresses a
very favourable opinion of him. Like many other Stoics,
Posidonius held that pain is not an evil. According to
Suidas, he removed to Rome in the consulship of M.
Marcellus, (52 B.C.) "Was it not a fine acknowledgment
of the inherent supremacy of wisdom, when the impe-
ratorial fasces were lowered, by command of Pompey,
before the person of Posidonius ?" (Arthur H. Hallam.)

SeeRlTTEK, "History of Philosophy;" FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca
Grzta ;" DIOGENES LAERTIUS.

Posidonius OF ALEXANDRIA, a mathematician, often
confounded with the preceding. He is said to have been
a pupil of Zeno.

Possel, pos'sel, (JOHANN,) a German philologist, born
at Parchim in 1528. He published "Syntaxis Graeca,"
(1560,) and other works. Died at Rostock in 1591.

Posselt, pos's?lt, (ERNST LUDWIG,) a German his-
torian, born at Durlach, in Baden, in 1763. He began
to issue in 1795 "The European Annals," a periodical,
which he edited until 1804, and which, says Depping,
" was the best German periodical work on history and
politics." He also published several works on German
and French history. Died in 1804.

Sec SCHUBART, "Leben Posselt's," 1805; GEHRKS, "Lebenbe-
ichreibung Posselts," 2 vols., 1827.

Fossevin. See POSSEVINO.

Possevino, pos-sa-vee'no, [Lat. POSSEVI'NUS ; Fr.
POSSEVIN, pos'vaN' or pos'seh-vaN',] (ANTONIO,) an Ital-
ian Jesuit, negotiator, and writer, was born at Mantua in
1534. He was sent by the pope on important missions
to Germany, Hungary, Sweden, Poland, and Russia.
Among his chief works are "Select Library on the
Method of Study," (" Bibliotheca selecta de Ratione
Studiorum," 2 vola., 1593,) and "Apparatus sacer," (3
ols., 1603-06,) in which he gives a list and review of
the works of all ecclesiastical writers. Died in 1611.

See JEAN D'ORIGNY, "Vie dc Possevin," 1712: NICBRON, " M<-
npires;" GINGUENE, " Histoire Litt^raire d'lul'e;" " Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Fossevinua. See POSSEVINO.
Post, (FRANCIS.) See POOST.

Fostel, pos'tSK, [Lat. POSTEI/LUS.J (GUILLAUME,) a
French visionary, born in Normandy in 1510, is said to
have been one of the most learned men of his time. He
became professor of Oriental languages at Paris in 1539,
but soon resigned, and led a wandering life. It appears
that he asserted the power of reason to be sufficient to
demonstrate the dogmas of religion and to convert all
nations. His book " On the Harmony of the World"
("De Orbis Terras Concordia," 1544) is called his best
work. Died in Paris in 1581.

See DESBILLONS, " Nouveaux c)aircissemenssiir la Vie de Pos-
tel," 1773; CHAUPEPIB, "Remarques sur Postel ;" A. PSRICAUD,
" F. Wilson, G. Postel et Louis Castelvetro," 1850; NICERON,
"Miraoires;" "Nouvelle Biographic G^n^rale."

Postellus. See POSTEL.

Postlethwayt, pos's'l-thwat, (MALACHI,) an English
writer on commerce, of whom little is known. It is
supposed that he was born about 1707. He published,
besides other books, " The Merchant's Public Counting
House," (1750,) and "Great Britain's True System,"
('757,1 which are works of merit. Died in 1767.

Pos'tu-mus or Post'hu-mus, a Roman general,
whom Valerian appointed governor of Gaul. He was
proclaimed emperor by his army in 257 A.D. He waged
war against Gallienus, and continued to rule Gaul until
he was murdered by his mutinous soldiers, in 267 A.D.
He is represented as an able and virtuous ruler.

See MERMET, " Notice sur Posthumus," 1827.

Pot'a-mo or Pot'a-mon, [HOTO/IUV,] a Platonic or
Eclectic philosopher of Alexandria, is supposed to have
lived in the second or third century after Christ. He
is sometimes called the founder of the Eclectic school.
His works are not extant.

Potamon. See POTAMO.



Pote, (JOSEPH,) an English printer of Eton, wrote a

History of Windsor Castle." Died in 1787.

Po-tem'kin, [Russ. pron. pot-yom'kin,] (GREGOE
ALEXANDROVITCH,) PRINCE, a Russian field-marshal and
favourite of the empress Catherine II., was born near
Smolensk in 1736. He rose rapidly to the highest offices
and honours of the empire, and exercised almost un-
bounded influence in political affairs. He induced the
empress to engage in the Turkish war of 1771, and in
the campaign of 1787 was appointed to the chief com-
mand of the Russian army. As a reward for his services
in taking several provinces from the Turks, Catherine
bestowed upon him a superb palace at Saint Petersburg,
which she called Taurida, the name previously given to
the conquered provinces. Died in 1791.

See MADAME DB CERBNVILLE, " Vie de Potemkin," 1807-08 ;
"Privatleben des Fiirsten von Potemkin," Gratz, 1793 : "Memoira
of Prince Potemkin," London, iSi4 ; " Monthly Review" for
January, 1813.

Fot'en-ger or Pot'tin-g?r, (JoHN,) an English poet
and barrister, born at Winchester in 1647 ; died in 1733.

Potgieter, pot'gee-ter, (EVERHARD JOHANNES,) a
Dutch mystical philosopher and lyric poet, born at
Zwplle, June 27, 1808. His genius and influence were
very considerable, and he was one of the originators of
the romantic movement in Dutch letters. Died Feb-
ruary 3, 1875.

Pothier, po'te-4', (ROBERT JOSEPH,) a celebrated
French jurist, borfT at Orleans in 1699. He was ap-
pointed professor of French law at Orleans in 1749,
before which he had served as conseiller au ch&telit. He
published a great work on Roman law, entitled " Pan-
dects of Justinian digested into New Order," (" Pandectae
Tustinianae in Novum Ordinem digestae," 3 vols., 1748-
52,) and several treatises on contracts. The compilers
jf the Napoleonic Civil Code availed themselves of the
works of Pothier to a large extent. Died at Orleans
in 1772.

d
Vi
graphiques sur Pothier," 1859.

Pothoven, pot'ho'ven, (HENRI,) a Dutch painter of
portraits and cabinet-pictures, born at Amsterdam in
1725; died about 1795.

Potier, po'te-4', (CHARLES GABRIEL.) a French
comedian, was born in Paris in 1774; died in 1838.

Potocki, po-tots'kee, (CLAUDIA,) COUNTESS, a patri-
otic Polish lady, born in Posen in 1802, was noted foi
her benefactions to the sick and wounded during the
war in 1830-33. Died in 1836.

Potocki, (IGNATIUS,) COUNT, a Polish patriot, born
about 1750. He was a coadjutor of Kosciusko in 1794.
Died in 1809.

Potocki, JAN,) COUNT, a Polish historian, born in
1761, was the author of a "Primitive History of the
Russian People," " Chronicles, Memoirs, and Researches
towards the History of all the Slavic Nations," and
other works of the kind, in French. Died in 1815.

Potocki, (STANISLAS FELIX,) COUNT, a Polish noble-
man, born in 1750, took sides with Russia, in the Polish
revolution of 1791, and was made a field-marshal by
Catherine II. Died in 1803.

Potocki, (STANISLAS K.OSTKA,) COUNT, a Polish
patriot and statesman, born in 1757. As a member of
the Diet of 1788-92, he was celebrated for his eloquence.
He was appointed in 1815 minister of public instruc-
tion. He wrote an admired treatise " On Eloquence and
Style." Died in 1821.

See LELEWEL, " Histoire de Pologne," 1844.

Pott, pot, (AUGUST FRIEDRICH,) a German philolo-
gist, born near Minden, in Hanover, in 1802. He be-
came professor of philology at Halle in 1833. Among
his works are " Researches in the Etymology of the Indo-
Germanic Languages," (2 vols., 1833-36,) and " Personen-
Namen," (a treatise on proper names, 1853.) D. 1887.

Pott, (JoHANN HEINRICH,) a German chemist, born
at Halberstadt in 1692. He was professor of chemistry
in Berlin, and was chiefly noted for his successful ex-
periments in search of clay for the manufacture of
porcelain. Died in 1777.



a, e, i, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 5, u, jf, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mSt; not; good; m6on;



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Pott, (PERCIVAL,) F.R.S., an eminent English sur-
geon, born in London in 1713. He was surgeon of
Bartholomew's Hospital from 1749 to 1787, and made
important improvements in the practice of surgery. He
wrote many able works, among which are a "Treatise
on Ruptures," (1756,) "Observations on Injuries of the
Head," (1760,) "Remarks on Fistula in Ano," (1765,)
and "Remarks on Fractures and Dislocations," (1768.)
The style of his writings is much admired. Died in
1788.

See JOHN EARLH, "Short Account of the Life of P. Pott," 1790.
Pot'ter, (ALONZO,) D.D., LL.D., an American Episco-
pal bishop, born in Dutchess county, New York, in 1800.
He graduated at Union College, where he was elected in


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 239 of 425)