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in Connecticut in 1749. He graduated at Yale in 1766,
studied law at the Temple in London, and on returning to
America took up his residence in Philadelphia. Though
the son of a royalist, he zealously advocated the rights
of the colonies in the Revolution. He rose to great dis-
tinction in his profession, was twice attorney-general of
Pennsylvania, once United States district attorney, and in
the latter part of his life president-judge of the district
court of Philadelphia. He served in the convention that
framed the Federal Constitution in 1787, and in 1812 was
the candidate of the Federal party for the Vice-Presidency
of the United States. Died in 1822.

Ingersoll, (JOSEPH REED,) D.C.L., son of the pre-
ceding, was born in Philadelphia, June 14, 1786. He
graduated at Yale College in 1808, and attained to a high
rank in the legal profession in his native city. He was a
representative in Congress from 1835 to 1837, and was
re-elected by the Whig party in 1841, and again in 1843,

1845, and 1847. He took a prominent part in the debates
on the tariff, and was for some time chairman of the
committee on the judiciary. He was appointed minister
to England by President Fillmore in 1852. Died in 1868.

Ingersoll, (ROBERT GREEN,) an American lawyer,
born at Dresden, New York, August 11, 1833, the son
of a Congregational minister of broad views. The young
Ingersoll became a lawyer, was a colonel of cavalry in
the Federal army, 1862-65, was appointed attorney-gen-
eral of Illinois in 1866, and afterwards acquired fame as
a political orator and successful lawyer. He became
very prominent as a lecturer against the Bible and
the Christian creeds. Died July 21, 1899.

Ing'ham, (CHARLES C.,) an eminent American por-
trait-painter, born about 1797. He worked in the city
of New York, where he died in December, 1863. His
pictures are remarkable for their high finish.



Inghen. See INGEN.

Inghirami, en-ge-rl'mee, (Cavaliere FRANCESCO,)
an eminent Italian antiquary, born at Volterra in 1772,
devoted many years to researches into ancient art, and
acquired a European reputation by his writings. The
most important of these is his "Monument! Etruschi,"
(10 vols., 1821-27,) which is the most complete de-
scription of the antiquities of Etruria. He wrote, also,
"Galleria Omerica," (3 vols., 1827-38,) illustrative of
Homer's poems, and " Letters on Etruscan Erudition,
etc.," (1828.) Died in 1846.

See ERSCH und CRUDER, "Allgemeine Encyklopaedie."

Inghirami, (TOMMASO FEDRA,) an eminent Italian
scholar and orator, born at Volterra in 1470, settled at
Rome in early youth, and obtained high preferments.
He acquired the fame of being one of the most eloquent
men of modern Rome ; and Erasmus informs us that he
was styled the Cicero of his age. He was patronized
by Julius II., who appointed him keeper of the Vatican
Library. He left in manuscript a "Commentary on
Horace's Art of Poetry," "An Abstract of Roman His-
tory," and other works. Died in 1516.

Ingleby, ing'gl-be, (CLEMENT MANSFIELD,) LL.D.,
an English critic, born at Edgbaston, near Birmingham,
October 29, 1823. He graduated at Trinity College,
Cambridge, in 1847. His principal works are "Theo-
retical Logic," (1856,) "The Shakspere Fabrications,"
(1859,) " Shakspeare Hermeneutics, or The Still Lion,"
(1867-74,) "Was Thomas Lodge an Actor f" (1867,)'
"Revival of Philosophy at Cambridge," (1869,) "Shat.-
spere's Centurie of Prayse," (1870,) and "Shakspere,
the Man and the Book," (1877.) Died in 1886.

Inglefield, (Sir EDWARD,) an English naval offi-
cer, born at Cheltenham in 1820. He entered the
navy in 1832, took part in encounters with pirates off
Borneo and in other operations, and was active in the
search for Sir John Franklin. He also went to the
polar waters to relieve the Belcher expedition, and
took part in the siege of Sebastopol. He was suc-
cessively promoted until he became a full admiral in
1879. Died September 5, 1894.

Inglis, ing'glis, (HENRY DAVID,) a Scottish writer of
travels, born in Edinburgh in 1795. He travelled exten-
sively in Europe, and published excellent books of travel,
viz., " Solitary Walks through Many Lands," (3d edition,
1843,) a "Journey through Norway, Sweden, and Den-
mark," (1829,) "Tour through Switzerland, the South of
France," etc., (1830,) "Spain in 1830," (from which Lord
Aberdeen said he had derived more information than
from all the state documents he ever perused,) "The
Tyrol, with a Glance at Bavaria," (1834,) and " Rambles
in the Footsteps of Don Quixote." Died in 1835.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen,"
(Supplement)

Inglis or English, (Sir JAMES,) a poet, born in Scot-
land in the reign of James IV., is supposed to be the
author of a book entitled "The Complaint of Scotland,"
published at Saint Andrew's in 1548, said to be the most
ancient Scottish prose work that is extant. Died in 1530.

Inglis, (JAMES,) an English author, born at Edzell
in 1845. Most of his life was spent in India, Aus-
tralia, and New Zealand, and he published "Sport
and Work on the Nepaul Frontier," (1^80,) "Our
New Zealand Cousins," (1886,) "Tent Life in Tiger
Land," (i8G8,) etc.

Inglis, (JOHN,) an eminent Scottish advocate, was
born at Edinburgh in 1810. He became lord advocate
and dean of the faculty in 1852. Having retired from
office with the Derby ministry in December, 1852, he
was restored to the same in 1858, and became lord
justice clerk in the same year. Died August 20,
1891.

In'glis, (Sir JOHN EARDLEY WILMOT,) a British gen-
eral, born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, about 1815, was a son
of the Bishop of Nova Scotia. He distinguished himself
in the campaign of the Punjab in 1848-49, and obtained
the rank of lieutenant-colonel. His regiment was at
Lucknow when that place was besieged by the Sepoys
in the summer of 1857. On the death of Sir Henry



e as &; 9 as s; g hard; g as /; G, H, TS^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. ( J^p^See Explanations, p. 23.



INGLIS



1348



INNES



Lawrence he succeeded to the command of the garrison.
He received the brevet of major-general for his heroic
defence of Lucknow. Died at Homburg, Germany, in
September, 1862.

Inglis, (MARGARET MAXWELL,) a Scottish poetess
born at Sanquhar, Scotland, in 1774, published a "Mis-
cellaneous Collection of Poems" in 1838. Died in 1843.

Inglis, (Sir ROBERT HARRY,) M.P., born in 1786, was
the only son of Sir Hugh Inglis, chairman of the East
India Company. He was first elected to Parliament in
1824. From 1829 to 1853 he represented the University
of Oxford, and constantly voted with the Tories against
the Reform bill, the relief of the Catholics, etc. Died
in 1855.

Ingoldsby, ing'golz-be, (THOMAS,) the assumed name
of Richard H. Barham. (See BARHAM.)

Ing'pn I., surnamed THE GOOD, King of Sweden, was
the son and successor of Stenkil, and began to reign
about 1080. He favoured the propagation of Christianity
among his subjects. Died in 1112.

Ingon IL, a nephew of the preceding, was one of his
successors, and shared the royal power with his brother
Philip. Slavery was gradually abolished in his reign.
Died in 1130.

Ingoni, en-go'nee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian
painter, born at M6dena in 1528 ; died in 1608.

lugoni, (MATTEO,) a painter of the Venetian school,
born at Ravenna in 1587; died in 1631.

Ingouf, aN'goof,(FRANc;ois ROBERT,) a skilful French
engraver, born in Paris in 1747. He engraved "The
Nativity," after Raphael, and some of the plates for the
"Musee Francais." Died in 1812. His brother, PIERRE
CHARLES, born in Paris in 1746, was also a successful
engraver. Died in 1800.

Ingraham, ing'gra-am, (DUNCAN NATHANIEL,) a
naval commander, born in Charleston, South Carolina,
in 1802. He gained distinction by his spirited conduct
in procuring the release from an Austrian war-vessel,
at Smyrna, in June, 1853, of Martin Koszta, a Hungarian,
who had legally declared his intention to become a
citizen of the United States. He was raised to the rank
of captain in 1855, but resigned in 1861, and entered the
Confederate navy. Died October 16, 1891.

Ingraham, (JOSEPH H.,) an American writer, born
at Portland, Maine, in 1809. Besides the romances of
" Lafitte," " Captain Kyd," and " The Dancing Feather,"
he wrote "The Prince of the House of David," "The
Pillar ofFire,"and"TheThroneofDavid." Died in 1866.

Ingram, ing'gram, (HERBERT,) an English printer,
born at Boston in 1811, founded the "Illustrated Lon-
don News" in 1842. He was elected to Parliament in
1856, and visited the United States in 1860. In Sep-
tember of that year he was drowned in Lake Michigan,
in consequence of a collision.

Ingram, (JAMES,) D.D., an English clergyman, born
in Wiltshire in 1774, became president of Trinity College,
Oxford, in 1824, and rector of Garsington. He published
an edition of the " Saxon Chronicle," (1823,) " Memorials
of Oxford," (1834-37,) which was favourably received,
and several other works. Died in 1850.

Ingram, (JOHN H.,) an English author, born in Lon-
don, November 16, 1849. His principal books have
been " Poems by Dalton Stone," (1863,) "Flora Sym-
bolica," (1869,) "Memoir of Poe," (1874, prefixed to an
edition of Poe's works,) " Poe Memorial," " The Haunted
Houses of England," " Life of Oliver Madox Brown,"
(1883,) "Life of E. B. Browning," (1888,) " Dar-
ley's May Queen," (1892,) etc. He edited the " Emi-
nent Women" series.

Ingrain, (JOHN KELLS,) an Irish author, bjrn in
county Donegal in 1823. He was educated at Trinity
College, Dublin, and is best known as an author by
his " Political Economy," contributed to the " Ency-
clopaedia Britannica," and reprinted as a book in
1888. It has been translated into eight European
languages and into Japanese.

Ingrassia, en-gRas'se-1, written also Ingraasias,
(GIOVANNI FILIPPO,) an eminent Sicilian physician and
anatomist, born at Palermo about 1510, taught anatomy
at Naples. In 1563 he was chosen by Philip II. first



physician of Sicily, and in 1575 he checked the ravages
of the plague at Palermo. He wrote a "Commentary
on the Bones," and other able treatises on anatomy.
Died in 1580.

See ELOY, " Dictionnaire historique de la Me'decine."

Ingres, axgK, (JEAN AUGUSTE DOMINIQUE,) a cele-
brated French historical painter, born at Montauban in
1780 or 1781, was a pupil of David. He gained the first
prize in 1801 for a picture of "Achilles receiving in his
Tent the Envoys of Agamemnon." Hewoiked about
twenty years (1804-24) in Rome and Florence, choosing
Raphael as his model. During this period lie painted
" CEdipus and the Sphinx," " Raphael and La Fornarina,"
and "Odalisque," (1819.) He returned to Paris in 1824,
became the founder of a school, and exhibited " The
Vow of Louis XIII.," one of his best works, which
opened to him the doors of the Institute in 1825. In
1827 he painted on the ceiling of the Louvre "The
Apotheosis of Homer," which is called his master-piece.
At the Exposition of 1855 a salon was reserved exclu-
sively for his works, which are said to have had a wide
influence on the style of French and foreign artists. He
is called the representative of correct design and idea'
composition. Died in January, 1867.

See L. DE LOMHNIE, " M. Ingres, par un Homroe de Rien," 1842 ;
FREDERIC MERCHY, " Peintres et ScuJpteurs modernes : J. IngreV
1846; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Inguimbert, d'.daN'gaN'baiR', (JOSEPH DOMINIQUE,)
a French bishop, born at Carpentras in 1683, assumed
the name of DOM MALACHIE. He became an intimate
counsellor of Pope Clement XII., who appointed him
domestic prelate, and in 1733 Bishop of Carpentras. He
built a hospital in that town, and founded a large public
library there. He wrote and translated several religious
works. Died in 1757.

See VITALIS, "Notice surla Vie de Malachie d'Inguimbert," 1813.

Ingulf. See INGULPHUS.

In-gul'phus or In'gulf, a monk, born in London
about 1030, became secretary and favourite of William,
Duke of Normandy, in 1051. After that prince had
become King of England, Ingulphus was made abbot of
the monastery of Croyland. He died in 1109. He was
the reputed author of a History of the above monastery,
in Latin, containing much curious and important infor-
mation ; but Sir Francis Palgrave has proved that it is a
forgery.

In't-go, an English engraver, whose proper name was
JOHN COLLET, was born about 1725. He excelled in
the same line as Hogarth, and displayed an original
genius for humorous design. He left but few works,
among which is a " Monkey pointing to a Very Dark
Picture of Moses striking the Rock." Died in 1780.

In'man, (HENRY,) an American portrait-painter, born
at Utica, New York, in 1801, was a pupil of Jarvis. He
worked mostly in the city of New York. During a visit
to England, in 1844, he painted portraits of the poet
Wordsworth, Dr. Chalmers, and T. B. Macaulay. Among
his other works are portraits of Chief-Justice Marshall
and Bishop White. He was commissioned by Congress
to adorn the national capitol with historical paintings ;
but before he had finished them he died, in 1846.

Inman, (JoHN,) a brother of the preceding, born at
Utica, New York, in 1805, was an associate editor cf
the "New York Mirror" and "The Commercial Adver
tiser." Died in 1850.

In'n^s, (COSMO,) a Scottish lawyer, historian, and
antiquary, born at Durris on Deeside, September 9,
1798. He early became known as a student of the
ancient records of Scottish history. He was made an
advocate in 1822. He collated and edited the chartu-
laries of the old religious houses of the North, was em-
ployed for many years in editing and publishing the
Scottish statutes, and was the author of " Scotland in
the Middle Ages," (1860,) " Lectures on Scotch Legal
Antiquities," (1872,) etc. He had a strong leaning to
Catholicism, though he never gave his personal alle-
giance to that religion, and his works were greatly valued
by Montalembert and other distinguished Catholics. He
died at Killin, July 31, 1874. A "Memoir of Cosmo
Innes" was published anonymously, in 1874, by Mrs.
John Hill Burton.



a, e, i, 5, u, y, fang; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, ii, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obtain; fir, fill, fit; mSt; not; good; moon;



INNES



1349



INNOCENT



In'nes, (Louis,) a Roman Catholic priest, born of a
Scottish family about 1650. He became secretary to
James II. after he was deposed from the English throne.
He is the reputed author of " Memoirs of James II.," part
of which was published in 1816. Died in Paris, January

23. '73 8 -

Innes, (THOMAS,) a brother of the preceding, born
it. 1662, studied in Paris, was ordained a priest, and suc-
ceeded Louis as principal of the Scottish College. He
wrote a " Critical Essay on the Ancient Inhabitants of
the Northern Parts of Britain," (1729,) which is highly
commended for sound learning, judicious criticism, and
valuable information. Died in 1744.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

In'ness, (GEORGE,) an American artist, born at New-
burgh, New York, May i, 1823. He studied art in New
York and in the European capitals, chronic ill health
interfering much with the continuity of his labours.
Taken at his best, Mr. Inness was inferior to no other
American landscapist. His work was so informed with
high spiritual purpose that some critics classed him,
without complete justice, with the " Impressionist"
school. He was a member of the National Academy.
Died August 3, 1894. His son, GEORGE INNESS, Junior,
is a painter of much promise.

In'no-cent JLat. INNOCEN'TIUS ; It. INNOCKNZO, en-
no-chSn'zo ; Ger. INNOCENZ, in'no-ts?nts ; Span. INO-
CENCIO, e-no-Men'Me-o] I., a native of Albano, chosen
Bishop of Rome in 402 A.D., was contemporary with
Augustine and Jerome. During his pontificate, Rome
was pillaged by Alaric the Goth. Innocent strenuously
asserted the supremacy of the see of Rome, and con-
demned the doctrine of Pelagius. He succeeded Anas-
tasius I., who, according to Jerome, was the father of
Innocent. Died in 417. He was succeeded by Zcsimus.

See BRUYS, "Histoire des Papes," 5 vols., 1735.

Innocent It, POPE, was elected in 1 130 as successor
to Honorius II. Another party elected a rival pope,
under the name of Anacletus II., whose partisans drove
Innocent out of Rome. The latter was recognized as pope
by the Kings of France, England, and Germany, and his
rival was supported by Roger of Sicily. In 1 138, Inno-
cent, assisted by Lotharius of Germany, recovered the
papal power, and, his rival having died in the same year,
the unity of the Church was restored. In 1139 Arnaldo
da Brescia was banished from Rome for preaching doc-
trines that were deemed unsound. Innocent died in
1143, and was succeeded by Celestine II.

SeePLATiNA, "Vile de' summi Pontefici," 1613; ALLETZ, "His-
toire des Papes," 1776; J. HARTMANN, "Vita Innocentii II. Pon-
tincis," 1744; ARTAUD DH MONTOR, " Histoire des souverains Pon-
tifes," 1847-49.

Innocent HI., whose proper name was Lotharius,
was the son of Trasimund, a Roman count, and was born
in Rome in 1161. He was unanimously elected pope in
January, 1198, as successor to Celestine III. With su-
perior abilities, improved by diligent study, he combined
great resolution, industry, and austerity of character, and
availed himself of every opportunity to magnify his office
and to assert the supremacy of the papal power. In 1199
he placed the kingdom of France under an interdict be-
cause the king, Philip Augustus, had repudiated his wife ;
and thus he compelled him to reinstate her. About 1200
he instigated the fourth crusade, the principal result of
which was the capture of Constantinople from the Greeks
by the crusaders. In 1212 he excommunicated and de-
posed Otho, Emperor of Germany, and crowned Frede-
rick of Sicily in his place. A memorable quarrel occurred
between this pontiff and King John of England, respect-
ing the appointment of the Archbishop of Canterbury,
(1207,) the right to appoint being obstinately asserted by
each. England was laid under an interdict, which lasted
two years, at the expiration of which, as John was still
refractory, the pope declared him to be deposed, and
authorized Philip Augustus of France to execute the
decree. While the latter was preparing to invade Eng-
land, John submitted to the pope, in 1213, and signed a
disgraceful treaty, in which he consented to hold Eng-
land and Ireland as fiefs of the Church of Rome, and to
pay an annual tribute of one thousand marks. In 1214
Innocent raised a cruel persecution or crusade against



the Albigenses for heresy. During his pontificate tha
papal power attained its greatest height He was perhaps
the most learned man and the most able statesman of
his age. He wrote " Letters," and other works, which are
highly commended. Died in 1216, and was succeeded by
Honorius III.

See F. HURTER, " Geschicbte Innocenz III.," 3 vols., 1835, (and
French version of the same, 4 vols., 1838-43 ;) D. LBSSMANN, " Pabst
Innocenz III. und Fiirst Michael Glinski," 1830: JORRV, " Histoire
du Pape Innocent HI," 1852: ARTAUD DH MONTOR, "Histoire de*
souverains Pontifes," 1847-49; J. H. GURNEY, " Four Ecclesiastical
Biographies," London, 1864.

Innocent IV., (SINIBALDO de' Fieschi da fe-Js'-
kee,) a native of Genoa, was elected pope as successor to
Celestine IV. in 1243. He soon found himself involved
in a quarrel with the emperor Frederick II., (who had
been excommunicated by Gregory IX.,) and retired for
security to Lyons. Here he summoned a council, in
1245, and renewed the excommunication of Frederick,
who was also formally deposed. The emperor, however,
refused to submit to this assumption, and waged war
against the pope for several years, until his death in 1250.
Innocent then returned to his capital, and proclaimed a
crusade against Conrad, the son of Frederick ; but again
his malignity was baffled. He died in 1254, and was
succeeded by Alexander IV.

See J. HARTMANN, "Vita Innocentii IV.," 1738; PAOU> PANZA,
"Vita del gran Pontefice Innocenzio Quarto," 1601.

Innocent V., ( PETER OF TARANTASIA, ) born at
Moutierj in Savoy, was elected in 1276 as successor to
Gregory X. After holding office a few months, he died
in the same year.

Innocent VI., ( STIENNE Aubert o'baiR', ) a
Frenchman, born near Pompadour, was elected pope
in 1352. He succeeded Clement VI., who had made
him a cardinal and Bishop of Ostia. His court was kept
at Avignon throughout his pontificate. He reformed
some abuses in the Church, and appears to have acted
with more moderation and propriety than most of his
predecessors. Died in 1362.

See BRUYS, "Histoire des Papes," 1735; SISMONDI, "Histoire
des Francais."

Innocent Vn., (Cardinal COSMO Migliorati mel-
yo-ra'tee,) born at Sulmona about 1338, was elected pope
in 1404, as successor to Boniface IX. At that time there
was an extensive schism in the Church, and Benedict
XIII. held a rival court at Avignon. Died in 1406.

See PLATINA, " Vite de' summi Pontefici," 1613.

Innocent VUL, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA Cibo chee'-
bo,) born at Genoa in 1434, was elected pope in 1484, as
successor to Sixtus IV. He laboured without success
to unite the sovereigns of Europe against the Turks,
and wcs himself engaged in war with Ferdinand, King
of Naples. He died in 1491, and was succeeded by
Alexander VI.

See F. SERDONATI, "Vita d'Innocenzo VIII.," 1829; F. M.
VIALARDO, " Istoria della Vita d'Innocenzo VIII.," 1613.

Innocent IX., (ANTONIO Facchinetti fak-ke-
net'tee,) born at Bologna, succeeded Gregory XIV. in
October, 159;, but only survived two months after his
election. He left a good reputation for virtue and
wisdom. Clement VIII. was his successor.

See RANKE, " History of the Popes."

Innocent X, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA Panfili pan-
fee'lee,) elected in place of Urban VIII. in 1644, was
born in Rome about 1570. He owed his promotion to
the Barberini, who soon became his enemies. The Jan-
senist controversy having made a great commotion in
the Church, Innocent appointed a commission of car-
dinals to settle it, and in 1653 issued a bull cum occasion*,
in which he condemned the five propositions of Jansen.
Historians differ widely as to the character of this pontift
He died in 1655, and was succeeded by Alexander VII.

See RANKE, " History of the Popes;" CIACONIUS, " Vitas et Re
gestz Pontificum Romanorum," 4 vols., 1677.

Innocent XI., (Cardinal BENEDICT Odescalchl
o-dSs-kll'kee,) born at Como in 1611, succeeded Clement
X. in 1676. He had been made a cardinal in 1647, and
had sustained a respectable character. He soon mani-
fested his zeal to reform abuses and restore strict disci-
pline, and his inflexible resolution to maintain the papal



eas/fc; {as>; gkard; gasy'yG, K K,gutturai; N, nasal; R, trilled; sass; th as in this. (J^="See Explanations, p. 23.)



INNOCENT



135



IPHIGENIA



prerogatives. His pontificate was signalized by a re-
markable contest with Louis XIV. of France in relation
to the rfgale and the privileges or exemptions of foreign
ambassadors at Rome. The pope wished to abolish the
usage which rendered the ambassador's palace, with the
adjacent premises, an asylum for malefactors, etc., inac-
cessible to the officers of justice. Louis XIV. in 1687
sent his ambassador Lavardin with orders to maintain
his rights, and with an armed retinue of eight hundred
men. The pope persisted, and excommunicated Lavar-
din, who returned without effecting his object ; and the
quarrel was not ended until after the death of Innocent,
which occurred in 1689. It seems that his enmity to Louis
induced this pontiff to favour the English in resistance
to James II. ; and some one remarked that the peace of
Europe would be promoted if James would become a
Protestant, and the pope a Catholic.

See UGHELLI, "Italia sacra," 10 vols., 1717-22; RANKE, "His-
tory of the Popes:" SISMONDI, "Histoire des Francais;" F.
BUONAMICI, "De Vita et Rebus gestis Innocentii XI.," 1776.

Innocent 'XTT (ANTONIO Fignatelli pen-ya-tel'-
lee,) born in Naples in 1615, became Cardinal and Arch-
bishop of Naples during the pontificate of Innocent XL,
and succeeded Alexander VIII. as pope in July, 1692.
He proposed to take Innocent XI. as his model, and
appears to deserve credit for his economy, regular habits,
liberality, and works of utility. In his pontificate a re-
conciliation was effected with the French court by mutual
concession. Quietism also received its quietus, in 1699,
by a papal brief condemning Fenelon's " Maximes des
Saints." He died in 1700, and was succeeded by Clem-
ent XI.

Innocent XIII., (MICHELANGELO Conti kon'tee,)
born in Rome in 1655, was the son of the Duke of


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 24 of 425)